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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6500-6508, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008849

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the effect of Jiaotai Pills on protein expression in the hippocampus of the rat model of chronic unpredictable mild stress(CUMS)-induced depression by quantitative proteomics and explore the anti-depression mechanism of Jiaotai Pills. The SD rats were randomized into control, model, Jiaotai Pills, and fluoxetine groups(n=8). Other groups except the control group were subjected to CUMS modeling for 4 weeks. After 4 weeks of continuous administration, the changes of behavior and pathological morphology of the hippocampal tissue were observed. Proteins were extracted from the hippocampal tissue, and bioinformatics analysis was performed for the differentially expressed proteins(DEPs) identified by quantitative proteomics. Western blot was employed to verify the key DEPs. The results showed that Jiaotai Pills significantly alleviated the depression behaviors and hippocampal histopathological changes in the rat model of CUMS-induced depression. A total of 5 412 proteins were identified in the hippocampus of rats, including 65 DEPs between the control group and the model group and 35 DEPs between the Jiaotai Pills group and the model group. There were 16 DEPs with the same trend in the Jiaotai Pills group and the control group, which were mainly involved in sphingolipid, AMPK, and dopaminergic synapse signaling pathways. The Western blot results of Ppp2r2b, Cers1, and Ndufv3 in the hippocampus were consistent with the results of proteomics. In conclusion, Jiaotai Pills may play an anti-depression role by modulating the levels of Ppp2r2b, Cers1, Ndufv3 and other proteins and regulating sphingolipid, AMPK, and dopaminergic synapse signaling pathways.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Depression/drug therapy , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Proteomics , Hippocampus , Stress, Psychological/metabolism , Sphingolipids/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal
2.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 403-412, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981016

ABSTRACT

Early life nutritional environment is not only associated with the growth and development of children, but also affects the health of adults. Numerous epidemiological and animal studies suggest that early nutritional programming is an important physiological and pathological mechanism. DNA methylation is one of the important mechanisms of nutritional programming, which is catalyzed by DNA methyltransferase, a specific base of DNA covalently binds to a methyl group, to regulate gene expression. In this review, we summarize the role of DNA methylation in the "abnormal developmental planning" of key metabolic organs caused by excessive nutrition in early life, resulting in long-term obesity and metabolic disorders in the offspring, and explore the clinical significance of regulating DNA methylation levels through dietary interventions to prevent or reverse the occurrence of metabolic disorders in the early stage in a "deprogramming" manner.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , DNA Methylation , Epigenesis, Genetic , Clinical Relevance , Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena , Metabolic Diseases
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 183-192, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970513

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the anti-depression mechanism of Zuojin Pills based on the plasma constituents, network pharmacology, and experimental verification. UHPLC-TOF-MS was used for qualitative analysis of Zuojin Pills-containing serum. Targets of the plasma constituents and the disease were retrieved from PharmMapper and GeneCards. Then the protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was constructed and core targets were screened for GO term enrichment and KEGG pathway enrichment. Cytoscape 3.7.2 was employed construct the "compound-target-pathway" network and the targets and signaling pathways of Zuojin Pills against depression were predicted. CUMS-induced depression mouse model was established to verify the key targets. The results showed that a total of 21 constituents migrating to blood of Zuojin Pills were identified, which were mainly alkaloids. A total of 155 common targets of the constituents and the disease and 67 core targets were screened out. KEGG enrichment and PPI network analysis showed that Zuojin Pills may play a role in the treatment of depression through AMPK/SIRT1, NLRP3, insulin and other targets and pathways. Furthermore, the results of animal experiments showed that Zuojin Pills could significantly improve the depression behaviors of depression, reduce the levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in hippocampus and serum, activate AMPK/SIRT1 signaling, and reduce the protein expression of NLRP3. In conclusion, Zuojin Pills may play a role in the treatment of depression by activating AMPK/SIRT1 signaling pathway, and inhibiting NLRP3 activation and neuroinflammation in the hippocampus of mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Network Pharmacology , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Sirtuin 1 , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Molecular Docking Simulation
4.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 650-658, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986128

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of kynurenine pathway on the osteogenic differentiation of periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSC). Methods: Unstimulated saliva samples were collected from 19 patients with periodontitis (periodontitis group) and 19 periodontally healthy individuals (health group) in Nanjing Stomatological Hospital, Affiliated Hospital of Medical School, Nanjing University from June to October of 2022. Contents of kynurenine and the metabolites in saliva samples were analyzed by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The expressions of indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase (IDO) and aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) were further detected by immunohistochemistry in gingival tissues. The PDLSC used in this study were isolated from extracted teeth for orthodontic treatment in Nanjing Stomatological Hospital, Affiliated Hospital of Medical School, Nanjing University from July to November of 2022. Experiments were then conducted using the cells by incubating with (kynurenine group) or without kynurenine (control group) in vitro. Seven days later, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining and assays of ALP activity were performed. Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) was utilized to detect the expressions of osteogenic related genes ALP, osteocalcin (OCN), runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), collagen type-Ⅰ (COL-Ⅰ) as well as the kynurenine pathway-associated genes AhR, cytochrome P450 family (CYP) 1A1, CYP1B1. Western blotting was used to detect the expression levels of RUNX2, osteopontin (OPN) and AhR proteins on day 10 and alizarin red staining was performed to observe the formation of mineral nodules on day 21 in control group and kynurenine group. Results: Salivary concentrations of kynurenine [8.26 (0, 19.60) nmol/L] and kynurenic acid [11.4 (3.34, 13.52) nmol/L] were significantly higher in the periodontitis group than in the health group [0.75(0, 4.25) nmol/L, 1.92(1.34, 3.88) nmol/L] (Z=-2.84, P=0.004; Z=-3.61, P<0.001). The expression levels of IDO (18.33±2.22) and AhR (44.14±13.63) in gingival tissues of periodontitis patients were significantly higher than that of the health group (12.21±2.87, 15.39±5.14) (t=3.38, P=0.015; t=3.42, P=0.027). In vitro, the ALP activity of PDLSC in the kynurenine group (291.90±2.35) decreased significantly compared with the control group (329.30±19.29) (t=3.34, P=0.029). The mRNA expression levels of ALP, OCN and RUNX2 in the kynurenine group (0.43±0.12, 0.78±0.09, 0.66±0.10) were decreased compared with the control group (1.02±0.22, 1.00±0.11, 1.00±0.01) (t=4.71, P=0.003; t=3.23, P=0.018; t=6.73, P<0.001), while the levels of AhR and CYP1A1 were increased in the kynurenine group (1.43±0.07, 1.65±0.10) compared with those in the control group (1.01±0.12, 1.01±0.14) (t=5.23, P=0.006; t=6.59, P<0.001). No significant difference was observed in COL-Ⅰ and CYP1B1 mRNA levels between groups. The protein levels of OPN, RUNX2 (0.82±0.05, 0.87±0.03) were reduced and that of AhR (1.24±0.14) was increased in the kynurenine group compared with those in the control group (1.00±0.00, 1.00±0.00, 1.00±0.00) (t=6.79, P=0.003; t=7.95, P=0.001; t=3.04, P=0.039). Conclusions: Over-activated kynurenine pathway in periodontitis patients can promote upregulation of AhR and suppress the osteogenic differentiation of PDLSC.

5.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 648-662, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982334

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Restoration of blood circulation within "time window" is the principal treating goal for treating acute ischemic stroke. Previous studies revealed that delayed recanalization might cause serious ischemia/reperfusion injury. However, plenty of evidences showed delayed recanalization improved neurological outcomes in acute ischemic stroke. This study aims to explore the role of delayed recanalization on blood-brain barrier (BBB) in the penumbra (surrounding ischemic core) and neurological outcomes after middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO).@*METHODS@#Recanalization was performed on the 3rd day after MCAO. BBB disruption was tested by Western blotting, Evans blue dye, and immunofluorescence staining. Infarct volume and neurological outcomes were evaluated on the 7th day after MCAO. The expression of fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21), fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1), phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K), and serine/threonine kinase (Akt) in the penumbra were observed by immunofluorescence staining and/or Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#The extraversion of Evans blue, IgG, and albumin increased surrounding ischemic core after MCAO, but significantly decreased after recanalization. The expression of Claudin-5, Occludin, and zona occludens 1 (ZO-1) decreased surrounding ischemic core after MCAO, but significantly increased after recanalization. Infarct volume reduced and neurological outcomes improved following recanalization (on the 7th day after MCAO). The expressions of Claudin-5, Occludin, and ZO-1 decreased surrounding ischemic core following MCAO, which were up-regulated corresponding to the increases of FGF21, p-FGFR1, PI3K, and p-Akt after recanalization. Intra-cerebroventricular injection of FGFR1 inhibitor SU5402 down-regulated the expression of PI3K, p-Akt, Occludin, Claudin-5, and ZO-1 in the penumbra, which weakened the beneficial effects of recanalization on neurological outcomes after MCAO.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Delayed recanalization on the 3rd day after MCAO increases endogenous FGF21 in the penumbra and activates FGFR1/PI3K/Akt pathway, which attenuates BBB disruption in the penumbra and improves neurobehavior in MCAO rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Blood-Brain Barrier/metabolism , Brain Ischemia , Claudin-5/metabolism , Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery/metabolism , Ischemic Stroke/metabolism , Occludin/metabolism , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 1/metabolism , Reperfusion Injury/metabolism
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2468-2475, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999138

ABSTRACT

Dengzhan Shengmai capsule, as a compound Chinese patent medicine, consists of four herbs: Herba Erigerontis, Ginseng, Ophiopogon, and Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus, and contains significant components of flavonoids, lignans, saponins, and organic acids. It is widely used clinically to treat cerebrovascular diseases such as chronic cerebral hypoperfusion and dementia with remarkable efficacy. This study proposes a research strategy for multi-component traditional Chinese medicine metabolites based on prediction databases and unfolds the analysis using Dengzhan Shengmai capsule as an example. Using the UPLC-Q-TOF/MS method, the analytical method was established and detected biological samples such as urine, feces, and bile of rats before and after administration based on the prediction of theoretical metabolites of Dengzhan Shengmai capsule. The possible secondary fragment ion information of metabolites was identified by comparing the detected results with prediction databases. The metabolites were identified based on the archetypal component mass spectrometric cleavage law and multistage mass spectrometric data. 51 metabolites, mainly flavonoid, organic acid, and lignan constituents, were finally identified from rat biosamples based on 306 theoretical metabolites of Dengzhan Shengmai capsule. This study provides a new strategy for the identification of metabolites in vivo and the analysis of metabolic pathways of TCM. The study complied with the procedures established by the Animal Experiment Ethics Committee of the Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and passed the animal experiment ethics examine (No. 00003645).

7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 189-196, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971123

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To dynamically observe the levels and activities of von Willebrand factor (vWF) and ADAMTS-13 (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with a thrombospondin type 1 motif, member 13) in plasma of children with congenital ventricular septal defect (VSD) during perioperative period, and explore the value of plasma vWF antigen (vWF:Ag) and ADAMTS-13 activity (ADAMTS-13: AC) in evaluating vascular endothelial injury and prognosis in children with VSD.@*METHODS@#In this cross-sectional study, a total of 74 children with VSD who underwent surgical treatment in TEDA International Cardiovascular Hospital from September 2018 to March 2019 were enrolled in the observation group. Among them, there were 28 cases of pure VSD, 32 cases of VSD combined with pulmonary hypertension, and 14 cases of VSD combined with valvular heart disease. 31 healthy children who underwent physical examination in Tianjin Children's Hospital during the same period were collected as the control group. The biochemical indexes of the children at admission were recorded. Peripheral plasma was collected at admission, postsurgery day 0 and day 1, respectively, and the levels of vWF activity (vWF:AC), vWF:Ag, ADAMTS-13 antigen (ADAMTS-13:Ag) and ADAMTS-13:AC were detected.@*RESULTS@#The level of plasma vWF:Ag and vWF:AC in the observation group before surgery were significantly lower than those in the control group (P<0.001), and increased continuously, on postsurgery day 0 and day 1 (P<0.001). The level of ADAMTS-13:Ag in the observation group before surgery was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.001), which decreased significantly on postsurgery day 0 (P<0.001), and increased significantly on postsurgery day 1 compared with postsurgery day 0 (P=0.033). The level of ADAMTS-13:AC in the observation group before surgery was significantly lower than that in the control group (P=0.015), which decreased significantly on postsurgery day 0 (P=0.037), and increased on postsurgery day 1, but the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.051). The changes of vWF and ADAMTS-13 in the three subgroups were basically similar to the observation group. vWF: Ag/ADAMTS-13: AC ratio on postsurgery day 0 and day 1 had high diagnostic value in vascular endothelial injury (AUC=0.80, P<0.001; AUC=0.93, P<0.001). Preoperative vWF and ADAMTS-13 levels, and related baseline indicators were not correlated with postoperative infection, bleeding, thrombosis,etc.@*CONCLUSION@#Preoperative vWF: Ag, vWF: AC and ADAMTS-13: AC levels in children with VSD are low, while the level of ADAMTS-13: Ag is high. After surgery, the levels of vWF: Ag and vWF: AC are increased and the level of ADAMTS-13: Ag is decreased. The postoperative vWF: Ag/ADAMTS-13: AC ratio shows high diagnostic value in evaluating vascular endothelial injury. There is no correlation between preoperative vWF and ADAMTS-13 levels with perioperative clinical events.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , ADAMTS13 Protein , Cross-Sectional Studies , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular , Prognosis , von Willebrand Factor
8.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 771-777, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011041

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical effects and complications of surgery + chemotherapy and radiotherapy + chemotherapy in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma recurrence, so as to compare the safety and efficacy of two different therapeutic methods. Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 40 patients with recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma after radiotherapy and chemotherapy admitted to our hospital from January 2016 to June 2020. Among them, 26 patients were treated with surgery. The recurrent tumor was removed under nasal endoscope, and the frozen resection margin was negative during the operation. Chemotherapy was continued for stage Ⅲ and Ⅳ patients from 3 to 5 weeks after surgery. Fourteen patients received secondary radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Postoperative complications and survival rate were observed. Results:There were 14 patients in the secondary chemoradiotherapy group(control group) and 26 patients in the nasal endoscopic surgery group(observation group). Among the 26 patients, 19 patients underwent nasal septal mucosal repair, 5 patients underwent temporal muscle flap repair, 2 patients underwent submental flap repair, 2 patients had nasal septal mucosal flap necrosis and cerebrospinal fluid leakage, and the temporal muscle flap was used for secondary repair in the second stage operation, and 8 patients needed cervical lymph node dissection. The patients recovered well after surgery, and the patients in stage Ⅲ and Ⅳ were treated with chemotherapy after 3 weeks to 5 weeks according to the patient's wound condition. There were significant differences in the incidence of complications and 1-, 2-, and 3-year survival rates between the two groups(P<0.05). Conclusion:Patients with recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma can be treated by nasal endoscopic surgery to remove the tumor, and the use of pedicled nasal septal mucosal flap or temporal muscle flap for skull base reconstruction, The operation can effectively prevent major complications such as internal carotid artery rupture and hemorrhage, and improve the survival rate and quality of life of patients. It provides a safe and effective treatment for patients with recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Quality of Life , Skull Base/surgery , Nose Diseases/pathology , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology
9.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 395-404, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007920

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aims to investigate the effects and mechanisms of chondroitin sulfate (CS), dermatan sulfate (DS), and heparin (HEP) on chondrogenesis of murine chondrogenic cell line (ATDC5) cells and the maintenance of murine articular cartilage in vitro.@*METHODS@#ATDC5 and articular cartilage tissue explant were cultured in the medium containing different sulfated glycosaminoglycans. Cell proliferation, differentiation, cartilage formation, and mechanism were observed using cell proliferation assay, Alcian blue staining, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), and Western blot, respectively.@*RESULTS@#Results showed that HEP and DS primarily activated the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signal pathway, while CS primarily activated the protein kinase B (AKT) signal pathway, further promoted ATDC5 cell proliferation and matrix production, and increased Sox9, Col2a1, and Aggrecan expression.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This study investigated the differences and mechanisms of different sulfated glycosaminoglycans in chondrogenesis and cartilage homeostasis maintenance. HEP promotes cartilage formation and maintains the normal state of cartilage tissue in vitro, while CS plays a more effective role in the regeneration of damaged cartilage tissue.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Cartilage/metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Chondrocytes/metabolism , Chondrogenesis/physiology , Glycosaminoglycans/pharmacology
10.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 11-15, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934554

ABSTRACT

Cost data caliber governance is key to fine cost management. To tackle the troubles in cost data management at multiple campuses of one hospital, the authors built a multi-campus cost data caliber governance mode. By means of enhanced top-level design, the mode carried out data governance by such measures as the establishment of data dictionary mapping library, standardizing department names and caliber, classification of charging items of medical services, precisely matching between fixed assets and charging items, interconnecting the management system of charging library and the procurement library of consumables, as well as precisely matching surgical disease types and charging items. These measures accomplished the consistency and comparability of cost data across campuses, building an automated, streamlined, standardized and integrated data governance mode for reference of hospitals with multiple campuses in need of cost management.

11.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 358-365, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935875

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the establishment of an efficient and automatic method to determine anatomical landmarks in three-dimensional (3D) facial data, and to evaluate the effectiveness of this method in determining landmarks. Methods: A total of 30 male patients with tooth defect or dentition defect (with good facial symmetry) who visited the Department of Prosthodontics, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology from June to August 2021 were selected, and these participants' age was between 18-45 years. 3D facial data of patients was collected and the size normalization and overlap alignment were performed based on the Procrustes analysis algorithm. A 3D face average model was built in Geomagic Studio 2013 software, and a 3D face template was built through parametric processing. MeshLab 2020 software was used to determine the serial number information of 32 facial anatomical landmarks (10 midline landmarks and 22 bilateral landmarks). Five male patients with no mandibular deviation and 5 with mild mandibular deviation were selected from the Department of Orthodontics or Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology from June to August 2021. 3D facial data of patients was collected as test data. Based on the 3D face template and the serial number information of the facial anatomical landmarks, the coordinates of 32 facial anatomical landmarks on the test data were automatically determined with the help of the MeshMonk non-rigid registration algorithm program, as the data for the template method to determine the landmarks. The positions of 32 facial anatomical landmarks on the test data were manually determined by the same attending physician, and the coordinates of the landmarks were recorded as the data for determining landmarks by the expert method. Calculated the distance value of the coordinates of facial anatomical landmarks between the template method and the expert method, as the landmark localization error, and evaluated the effect of the template method in determining the landmarks. Results: For 5 patients with no mandibular deviation, the landmark localization error of all facial anatomical landmarks by template method was (1.65±1.19) mm, the landmark localization error of the midline facial anatomical landmarks was (1.19±0.45) mm, the landmark localization error of bilateral facial anatomical landmarks was (1.85±1.33) mm. For 5 patients with mild mandibular deviation, the landmark localization error of all facial anatomical landmarks by template method was (2.55±2.22) mm, the landmark localization error of the midline facial anatomical landmarks was (1.85±1.13) mm, the landmark localization error of bilateral facial anatomical landmarks was (2.87±2.45) mm. Conclusions: The automatic determination method of facial anatomical landmarks proposed in this study has certain feasibility, and the determination effect of midline facial anatomical landmarks is better than that of bilateral facial anatomical landmarks. The effect of determining facial anatomical landmarks in patients without mandibular deviation is better than that in patients with mild mandibular deviation.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Algorithms , Anatomic Landmarks , Cephalometry/methods , Face/anatomy & histology , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Malocclusion , Orthodontics , Software
12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2409-2418, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928120

ABSTRACT

In recent years, liver fibrosis has become a hotspot in the field of liver diseases. MicroRNA(miRNA)-mediated Nod-like receptor pyrin domain containing 3(NLRP3) inflammasome activation is pivotal in the pathogenesis of liver fibrosis. The present study mainly discussed the role of miRNA-mediated NLRP3 inflammasome activation in the pathogenesis of liver fibrosis. Different miRNA molecules regulated liver fibrosis by mediating NLRP3 inflammasome activation, including miRNA-350-3 p(miR-350-3 p)/interleukin-6(IL-6)-mediated signal transducer and activator of transcription 3(STAT3)/c-myc signaling pathway, miR-148 a-induced autophagy and apoptosis of hepatic stellate cells via hedgehog signaling pathway, miR-155-mediated NLRP3 inflammasome by the negative feedback of the suppressor of cytokine signaling-1(SOCS-1), miR-181 a-mediated downstream NLRP3 inflammatory pathway activation through mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase(MEK)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase(ERK)/nuclear transcription factor κB(NF-κB) inflammatory pathway, miR-21-promoted expression of NF-κB and NLRP3 of RAW264.7 cells in mice by inhibiting tumor necrosis factor-α inducible protein 3(A20), and miR-20 b-promoted expression of IL-1β and IL-18 by activating NLRP3 signaling pathway. Additionally, the anti-liver fibrosis mechanism of different active components in Chinese medicines(such as Curcumae Rhizoma, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Aurantii Fructus, Polygoni Cuspidati Rhizoma et Radix, Moutan Cortex, Paeoniae Radix Alba, Epimedii Folium, and Cinnamomi Cortex) was also explored based on the anti-liver fibrosis effect of miRNA-mediated NLRP3 inflammasome activation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Hedgehog Proteins , Inflammasomes/metabolism , Interleukin-6 , Liver Cirrhosis/metabolism , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , MicroRNAs/genetics , NF-kappa B/metabolism , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc/metabolism , Signal Transduction
13.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 550-555, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956009

ABSTRACT

The incidence of in-hospital death in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is high, which seriously threatens the life and health of patients. At present, many countries and regions have established a variety of objective assessment models for predicting the in-hospital mortality of patients with AMI, providing important decision-making support for patients with different risk levels when formulating treatment plans. With the rise of artificial intelligence, many new modeling methods also show certain advantages over the traditional models. This article systematically introduces the commonly used and newly constructed risk prediction models for in-hospital mortality of AMI, in order to provide help for medical staff to assist decision-making in clinical practice, and provide reference for the establishment of a safe and more effective risk prediction model in the future.

14.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 88-96, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940356

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the nephroprotective and anti-inflammatory effects of Fufang Shelong capsules (FFSL) in rats with membranous nephropathy (MN), and the role of the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway. MethodMale SD rats of SPF grade were divided into a normal group and an experimental group. The MN model was induced by tail vein injection of cationized bovine serum albumin in the experimental group. After screening, the eligible model rats were included and divided into a positive control group (tripterygium glycosides tablets) and low-, medium-, and high-dose FFSL groups (0.375, 0.75, 1.5g·kg-1). The rats were treated correspondingly for eight weeks, and urine protein was detected during drug intervention. Renal function and inflammation-related indicators were detected after drug intervention. The changes in 24-hour urine total protein (24 h UP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), creatinine (Cr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), total protein (TP), albumin (Alb), and total cholesterol (TC) were detected. Flow cytometry was used to detect CD4+/CD8+ changes. Kidney tissues were collected to observe pathological changes under a light microscope and an electron microscope. The protein expression of p38 MAPK and phosphorylated p38 MAPK (p-p38 MAPK) in kidney tissues was detected by Western blot. ResultCompared with the normal group, the model group showed increased 24 h UP (P<0.01), elevated serum Cr, BUN, TC, IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α (P<0.05,P<0.01), decreased serum Alb and TP levels (P<0.05,P<0.01), increased CD4+/CD8+ in the peripheral blood (P<0.01), and up-regulated protein expression of p38 MAPK and p-p38 MAPK in kidney tissues (P<0.05). Additionally, in the model group, immune complex deposition and foot process fusion, accompanied by infiltration of inflammatory cells, were observed on the epithelial side of the basement membrane in the pathological kidney tissues. Compared with the model group, the groups with drug intervention showed declining 24 h UP levels at six weeks (P<0.05,P<0.01), decreased serum Cr, BUN, TC, IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α (P<0.05,P<0.01), increased serum Alb and TP levels (P<0.05,P<0.01), reduced CD4+/CD8+ in the peripheral blood (P<0.01), improved renal pathological damage, and down-regulated p38 MAPK and p-p38 MAPK in kidney tissues (P<0.05,P<0.01). ConclusionFFSL can decrease the expression of inflammatory factors, reduce proteinuria, delay kidney damage, and protect kidney function by inhibiting the expression of the p38 MAPK signaling pathway.

15.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1559-1563, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940023

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the correlation by analyzing and comparing the expression of inflammatory factors in peripheral blood of human leukocyte antigen-B27(HLA-B27)positive and negative uveitis patients.METHODS: All 76 patients first diagnosed with uveitis in our hospital from January 2020 to April 2022 were screened in this retrospective study. Nucleated cells were isolated from human venous blood, and HLA-B27 was detected by flow cytometry(direct immunofluorescence), the patients were divided into the HLA-B27-positive group(≥90%)in 35 cases and HLA-B27-negative group(≤5%)in 41 cases. The whole blood RNA was extracted. The mRNA expression of interleukin-1β(IL-1β), interleukin-6(IL-6), interleukin-10(IL-10), protease activated receptor 2(PAR2), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interleukin enhancer-binding factor -3(ILF3)were detected and compared by RT-qPCR.RESULTS: The IL-1β, IL-10, PAR2 and TNF-α mRNA were observed no difference between the two groups of patients(all P&#x003E;0.05). The IL-6 mRNA in the patients of HLA-B27-positive group was higher than in the HLA-B27-negative group, the ILF3 mRNA was lower than that in the negative group(all P&#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSION: The expression level of IL-6 in peripheral blood was significantly increased and ILF3 was decreased in HLA-B27-positive group, which can be used as auxiliary indicators for diagnosis and treatment of HLA-B27-positive uveitis.

16.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 928-935, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954491

ABSTRACT

Objective: Cerebrovascular disease can be roughly divided into 2 subtypes: Cerebral ischemia (CI) and cerebral hemorrhage (CH). No scale currently exist that can predict the subtypes of cerebrovascular diseases. This study aims to establish a prediction scale for the subtypes of cerebrovascular diseases. Methods:A total of 1200 cerebrovascular disease patients were included in this study, data from 1081 (90%) patients were used to establish the CI-CH risk scale, and data from 119 (10%) patients were used to test it. Risk factors for the CI-CH risk scale were identified by 2 screens, with two-tailed student ' s t-test and two-tailed Fisher ' s exact test preliminarily and with logistic regression analysis further. The scores of each risk factor for CI-CH risk scale were determined according to the odds rate, and the cut-off point was determined by Youden index. Results: Nine risk factors were ultimately selected for score system, including age (≥75 years old was ?1, <75 years old was 0), BMI (<24 kg/m2 was 0, 24?28 kg/m2 was ?1,>28 kg/m2 was?2), hypertension grade (grade 1 was 1, grade 2 was 2, and grade 3 was 3), diabetes status (no was 0, yes was?1), antihypertensive drug use (no was 0, yes was?2), alcohol consumption (<60 g/d was 1, ≥60 g/d was 2), uric acid (less than normal was 0, normal was?1, high than normal was?2), LDL cholesterol (<2 mmol/L was 0, 2?4 mmol/L was?1, and>4 mmol/L was?2), and HDL cholesterol (<1.55 mmol/L was 0,≥1.55 mmol/L was 2). Patients with a score more than 0 were classified as the CH group, Conversely, they were assigned to the CI group;its sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were 74.5%, 77.9%, and 76.4%, respectively. Conclusion: The CI-CH risk scale can help the clinician predict the subtypes of cerebrovascular diseases.

17.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2499-2506, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955040

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct the nursing quality evaluation index system of bronchial arterial infusion chemotherapy for lung cancer, and to provide theoretical basis for nursing quality evaluation of patients undergoing bronchial arterial infusion chemotherapy.Methods:Based on the structure-process-result three-dimensional quality theory, relevant literature and clinical practice were retrieved to construct the index item pool of the nursing quality evaluation index system of bronchial arterial infusion chemotherapy for lung cancer, and the index items were determined by expert interviews. Finally, the index and its weight were determined by Delphi method and analytic hierarchy process.Results:The positive coefficients of the two rounds of expert letter consultation were 100%, the expert authority coefficients were 0.862, and the expert coordination coefficients were 0.141-0.250 ( P<0.05). The At finally, the nursing quality evaluation index system of bronchial arterial infusion chemotherapy for lung cancer included 3 first-level indexes, 10 second-level indexes and 47 third-level indexes. Conclusions:The nursing quality evaluation index system of bronchial arterial infusion chemotherapy for lung cancer is scientific and practical, which provides a scientific basis for evaluating the nursing quality of patients undergoing bronchial arterial chemotherapy for lung cancer.

18.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 895-900, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954516

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical characteristics of female patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) complicated with multivessel disease (MVD) undergoing direct percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and to explore the factors affecting the prognosis of female patients.Methods:In this retrospective cohort study. 1 033 patients (196 women) with STEMI combined with MVD who were admitted to our hospital from 2005 to 2015 and successful completed direct PCI within 24 h onset of symptom were enrolled. Patients’ baseline data, PCI data and follow-up results were recorded. Kaplan-Meier method was used to plot the survival curve. Cox regression model was used to screen the prognostic factors of STEMI patients with multivessel disease.Results:Compared with male patients, the age of female patients was significantly older, while the proportion of smoking history, family history of coronary heart disease, and stent implantation history was significantly lower, the time from onset to PCI was significantly longer, and the proportion of intraoperative slow blood flow/no-reflow was significantly higher among female patients. The mean follow-up time was 4 years, and the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) was higher in women than in men. The main factor affecting the prognosis of female patients was Killip cardiac function grade Ⅱ~Ⅳ ( HR=1.804, 95% CI: 1.060~3.071, P<0.05). The number of lesions with >50% occlusion ( HR=1.808, 95% CI 1.123-2.912, P < 0.01) was a common risk factor for both men and women. Conclusions:Compared with male patients, there is more treatment delay among female patients with STEMI and MVD, the incidence of MACE is higher, and cardiac insufficiency is the main factor affecting the prognosis of female patients.

19.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1498-1504, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014230

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of circRNA- 32011 on myocardial apoptosis induced by arsenic triox- ide (ATO).Methods Primary cardioniyocytes of suckling neonate mouse were treated with ATO ( final concentration 10 (xniol • L_1 ) for 24 h.Then cell via¬bility was measured by M IT assay.The mKNA expres¬sion levels of Bel-2/ Bax and circRNA-3201 I were de¬tected by KT-PCK.Bcl-2/Bax protein expression lev¬els were detected by Western blot.Overexpression and knock down circHNA-32011 respectively by plasmid and siHNA were used to verify its function in ATO-in- duced cardiomyocyte apoptosis.Results Myocardial cell viability decreased, Bel-2 expression significantly decreased while Bax expression increased in ATO group compared with the control group.CircKNA- 32011 was down-regulated in ATO ineuhated cardio¬niyocytes.Ovcrex press ion of circRNA-32011 in ATO- incubated cardioniyocytes increased myocardial cell vi¬ability and Bel-2 expression and decreased the expres¬sion of Bax.Knockdown of circRNA-32011 could fur¬ther reduce cardiomyoevte activity and Bel-2 expression and increase the experssion of Bax induced by ATO.Conclusions CircRNA-32011 protects cardiac myo¬cytes from apoptosis induced by arsenic trioxide, which may provide a new potential therapeutic strategy for ATO-induced myocardial injury.

20.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 789-794, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014104

ABSTRACT

Aim To develop an LC-MS/MS method for the determination of prucalopride(PCP)in human plasma.Methods Prucalopride -13CD3(dPCP)was used as the internal standard.The analytes were extracted from human plasma through liquid-liquid extraction method using ethyl acetate, followed by being dried, and then the reconstitution was injected into LC-MS/MS systems.Agilent ZORBAX SB C18(3.0×100 mm, 3.5 μm)column and isocratic elution system composing of methanol and 1 mmol·L-1 ammonium acetate(80:20, V/V)provided chromatographic separation of PCP and dPCP.AB Sciex API4000 mass spectrometer equipped with an electrospray ionization source in positive ion mode was employed for mass detection, and data acquisition was carried out in multiple reaction monitoring(MRM)mode.The mass transition ion-pair was followed as m/z 368.4/196.0 for PCP and m/z 374.4/198.0 for dPCP.Results PCP and dPCP were eluted at 3.6 min, with no interference in human blank plasma.PCP in human plasma showed good linearity over the concentration range of 0.058 96-7.547 μg·L-1 with the correlation coefficient of 0.996 3-0.999 6.The lower limit of quantitation of this method was 0.058 96 μg·L-1.The intra-batch and inter-batch accuracy ranged from 98.29% to 108.2%, with good precision(CV<5.2%).The average matrix factors of normal, haemolysed and lipaemic matrix human samples all ranged from 96.48% to 106.3% with CV less than 8.39%.The average extraction recoveries of PCP at low, medium and high concentrations were 89.88%, 95.27% and 94.52% respectively, with CV less than 7.21%.PCP was stable in human samples after 6 h at room temperature, 60 h at -20 ℃, 56 days or three freeze-thaw cycles at -80 ℃; meanwhile, the processed plasma samples remained stable after being stored for 24 hours in autosampler at 8 ℃.Furthermore, PCP in human blood samples was proved to be stable after 4 h at room temperature.Conclusions The present LC-MS/MS method for the determination of PCP in human plasma was convenient, accurate, sensitive, stable, specific and reproducible and was proved to be suitable for the clinical pharmacokinetics and bioequivalence studies of PCP preparations.

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