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1.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 241-244, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994016

ABSTRACT

Although percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is widely applied, there are also some serious complications, and the regional application in is uneven. In order to standardize the development and promotion of PCNL, the International Alliance of Urolithiasis(IAU) has developed the first professional guideline on PCNL. IAU-PCNL guideline covers all aspects of the whole PCNL procedure, including preoperative preparation, operation process, observation and prevention of complications, etc. The present paper would like to interpret the key contents of the IAU-PCNL guideline.

2.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 260-267, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971260

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the surgical indications and perioperative clinical outcomes of pelvic exenteration (PE) for locally advanced, recurrent pelvic malignancies and complex pelvic fistulas. Methods: This was a descriptive study.The indications for performing PE were: (1) locally advanced, recurrent pelvic malignancy or complex pelvic fistula diagnosed preoperatively by imaging and pathological examination of a biopsy; (2)preoperative agreement by a multi-disciplinary team that non-surgical and conventional surgical treatment had failed and PE was required; and (3) findings on intraoperative exploration confirming this conclusion.Contraindications to this surgical procedure comprised cardiac and respiratory dysfunction, poor nutritional status,and mental state too poor to tolerate the procedure.Clinical data of 141 patients who met the above criteria, had undergone PE in the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from January 2018 to September 2022, had complete perioperative clinical data, and had given written informed consent to the procedure were collected,and the operation,relevant perioperative variables, postoperative pathological findings (curative resection), and early postoperative complications were analyzed. Results: Of the 141 included patients, 43 (30.5%) had primary malignancies, 61 (43.3%) recurrent malignancies, 28 (19.9%) complex fistulas after radical resection of malignancies,and nine (6.4%)complex fistulas caused by benign disease. There were 79 cases (56.0%) of gastrointestinal tumors, 30 cases (21.3%) of reproductive tumors, 16 cases (11.3%) of urinary tumors, and 7 cases (5.0%) of other tumors such mesenchymal tissue tumors. Among the 104 patients with primary and recurrent malignancies, 15 patients with severe complications of pelvic perineum of advanced tumors were planned to undergo palliative PE surgery for symptom relief after preoperative assessment of multidisciplinary team; the other 89 patients were evaluated for radical PE surgery. All surgeries were successfully completed. Total PE was performed on 73 patients (51.8%),anterior PE on 22 (15.6%),and posterior PE in 46 (32.6%). The median operative time was 576 (453,679) minutes, median intraoperative blood loss 500 (200, 1 200) ml, and median hospital stay 17 (13.0,30.5)days.There were no intraoperative deaths. Of the 89 patients evaluated for radical PE surgery, the radical R0 resection was achieved in 64 (71.9%) of them, R1 resection in 23 (25.8%), and R2 resection in two (2.2%). One or more postoperative complications occurred in 85 cases (60.3%), 32 (22.7%)of which were Clavien-Dindo grade III and above.One patient (0.7%)died during the perioperative period. Conclusion: PE is a valid option for treating locally advanced or recurrent pelvic malignancies and complex pelvic fistulas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pelvic Exenteration/methods , Pelvic Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery , Postoperative Complications
3.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 137-150, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970114

ABSTRACT

The solute carrier family 4 (SLC4) includes 10 members (SLC4A1-5, SLC4A7-11), which are expressed in multiple tissues in the human body. The SLC4 family members differ in their substrate dependence, charge transport stoichiometry and tissue expression. Their common function is responsible for the transmembrane exchange of multiple ions, which is involved in many important physiological processes, such as erythrocyte CO2 transport and the regulation of cell volume and intracellular pH. In recent years, many studies have focused on the role of SLC4 family members in the occurrence of human diseases. When SLC4 family members have gene mutations, a series of functional disorders will occur in the body, leading to the occurrence of some diseases. This review summarizes the recent progress about the structures, functions and disease correlation of SLC4 members, in order to provide clues for the prevention and treatment of related human diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mutation , SLC4A Proteins/physiology
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3224-3234, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981459

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the efficacy and possible mechanism of Liuwei Dihuang Pills in the treatment of diminished ovarian reserve(DOR) by using proteomic techniques. Firstly, cyclophosphamide(60 mg·kg~(-1)) combined with busulfan(6 mg·kg~(-1)) was injected intraperitoneally to establish the mouse model of DOR. After drug injection, the mice were continuously observed and the success of modeling was evaluated by the disturbance of the estrous cycle. After successful modeling, the mice were administrated with the suspension of Liuwei Dihuang Pills by gavage for 28 days. At the end of the gavage, four female mice were selected and caged together with males at a ratio of 2∶1 for the determination of the pregnancy rate. Blood and ovary samples were collected from the remaining mice on the next day after the end of gavage. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining and transmission electron microscopy(TEM) were then employed to observe the morphological and ultrastructural changes in the ovaries. The serum levels of hormones and oxidation indicators were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Quantitative proteomics techniques were used to compare the ovarian protein expression before and after modeling and before and after the intervention with Liuwei Dihuang Pills. The results showed that Liuwei Dihuang Pills regulated the estrous cycle of DOR mice, elevated the serum levels of hormones and anti-oxidation indicators, promoted follicle development, protected the mitochondrial morphology of ovarian granulosa cells, and increased the litter size and survival of DOR mice. Furthermore, Liuwei Dihuang Pills negatively regulated the expression of 12 differentially expressed proteins associated with DOR, which were mainly involved in lipid catabolism, inflammatory response, immune regulation, and coenzyme biosynthesis. These differentially expressed proteins were significantly enriched in sphingolipid metabolism, arachidonic acid metabolism, ribosomes, ferroptosis, and cGMP-PKG signaling pathway. In summary, the occurrence of DOR and the treatment of DOR with Liuwei Dihuang Pills are associated with multiple biological pathways, mainly including oxidative stress response, inflammatory response, and immune regulation. "Mitochondria-oxidative stress-apoptosis" is the key to the treatment of DOR by Liuwei Dihuang Pills. YY1 and CYP4F3 may be the key upstream targets that trigger mitochondrial dysfunction and ROS accumulation, and the metabolism of arachidonic acid is the main signaling pathway of drug action.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Pregnancy , Animals , Mice , Arachidonic Acid , Ovarian Reserve , Proteomics , Ovary , Lipid Metabolism
5.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1142-1146, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009201

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate CT values of cancellous bone in femoral neck in adults over 60 years with proximal femoral fractures.@*METHODS@#From January 2020 to December 2020, a retrospective analysis was performed on 280 subjects aged 60 years or older who underwent bilateral hip CT examination, including 85 males and 195 females, 120 on the left side and 160 on the right side, aged 75 (66, 82) years old. One hundred thirty-six patients with proximal femoral fractures were included in study group and 144 patients without fractures were included in control group. GEOptima CT was used to scan and reconstruct horizontal, coronal and sagittal layers of proximal femur. CT values of cancellous bone in femoral neck were measured and compared between two groups. The relationship between CT values of cancellous bone of femoral neck and proximal femoral fracture was analyzed statistically.@*RESULTS@#In terms of age, fracture group aged 79(73.3, 85.0) years old, non-fracture group aged 69.5 (64.0, 78.8) years old, and had significant difference in age between two groups (P<0.05). In terms of CT value, regional CT value in fracture group was 8.62(-3.62, 27.15) HU, which was lower than that in non-fracture group 34.31(-5.93, 71.74) HU(P<0.05). CT value on coronal view in fracture group was -8.48(-30.96, 17.46) HU, which was lower than that in non-fracture group 40.49(5.55, 80.71) HU (P<0.05). CT value on sagittal view in fracture group was -31.28(-54.91, -5.11) HU, which was lower than that in non-fracture group 7.74(-20.12, 44.54) HU (P<0.05). CT values on horizontal view in fracture group was 0.17(-23.13, 24.60) HU, which was lower than that in non-fracture group 46.40(10.42, 85.18) HU(P<0.05). The mean regional CT values among three planes in the fracture group were lower than those in the non-fracture group. Logistic regression analysis showed coronal CT value was influencing factors of proximal femoral fracture, and it could be written into regression equations that predict probability of fracture.@*CONCLUSION@#In adults aged over 60 years old, CT values of cancellous bone of femoral neck decreased with increasing age. The smaller CT value of cancellous bone of femoral neck, the greater risk of proximal femoral fracture.


Subject(s)
Male , Adult , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Proximal Femoral Fractures , Retrospective Studies , Femur Neck , Hip Fractures/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Bone Density
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 480-483, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922908

ABSTRACT

Recombinant humanized anti-ricin monoclonal antibody (MIL50) is a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody targeting ricin. In this study, an ELISA method was used to establish a method for the determination of MIL50 in macaque serum, and a cross design method was used. Twelve rhesus monkeys were intravenously injected 1 mg·kg-1 test preparation (MIL50 freeze-died powder injection) and reference preparation (MIL50 liquid preparation) to determine the plasma concentration of MIL50 at different time points, and the pharmacokinetic parameters were analyzed to compare the pharmacokinetic characteristics of MIL50 liquid preparation and freeze-died powder injection in rhesus monkeys. Animal welfare and experimental procedures follow the regulations of the Animal Ethics Committee of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Use of Laboratory Animals and the regulations derived by the Animal Care and Welfare Committee of the Institute of Radiation Medicine, Academy of Military Medical Sciences (IACUC-DWZX-2020-503). The results showed that there was no significant difference between Cmax and AUC0-5d in the two groups. The liquid preparation was the reference preparation, with Cmax ratio of 101.6% and AUC0-5d ratio of 101.9%, the 90% confidence interval of Cmax was 79.42%-129.92%, and the 90% confidence interval of AUC0-5d was 85.72%-121.18%. These results suggested that different dosage forms of MIL50 had certain differences in the changes of blood drug concentration in rhesus monkeys.

7.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 169-178, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933897

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop and validate a predictive model for adverse outcomes in women with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP).Methods:We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of patients diagnosed with HDP and delivered at the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University or Sichuan Provincial Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital between May 1, 2011, and April 30, 2019. These patients were categorized as the adverse outcome group or the control group with adverse outcomes within 48 h after admission. Univariate analysis, least absolute shrinkage, selection operator (LASSO), and multivariable logistic regression were employed to analyze factors influencing the adverse outcomes and develop a predictive model. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and calibration plot was used to assess the predictive performance. Bootstrapping was used for the internal validation and the retrospective dataset of patients with HDP from the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from May 1, 2019, to April 30, 2020, for the external validation. A graphic nomogram was created through R software based on the model.Results:(1) Of the 2 978 HDP patients who were included in the development set, 356 were in the adverse outcome group, accounting for 12.0%; of the 233 patients who were included in the external validation set, 40 presented with adverse outcomes within 48 h after admission, accounting for 17.2%. (2) Nine optimal predictors were identified based on the LASSO regression analysis and multivariable logistic regression, consisting of gestational age on admission, routine prenatal care, number of symptoms, mean arterial pressure, platelet count, fibrinogen, albumin, serum urea, and serum creatinine, based on which the logistic predictive model was established. (3) The ROC curve for this predictive model achieved an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.878 (95% CI: 0.858-0.897), and the ideal cut-off value for predicted probability was 0.136, with a sensitivity of 0.778 (95% CI: 0.731-0.820) and specificity of 0.848(95% CI: 0.834-0.862). The model was well-calibrated as the Hosmer-Lemeshow test showed that P>0.05. The calibration plot of the model had a slope of 1 and an intercept of 0. (4) The model showed good consistency in the internal validation and had an AUC of 0.872 (95% CI: 0.807-0.937) in the external validation. The Hosmer-Lemeshow test showed that the P value was >0.05, and the calibration slope was 1.001. (5) A nomogram was constructed for convenient clinical use. Conclusion:A relatively accurate prediction model for adverse outcomes in HDP patients was established, which could be used as a valuable quantitative tool for assessing HDP-related complications.

8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 145-149, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927349

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture on motor function and muscle state in patients with primary osteoporosis (POP).@*METHODS@#A total of 60 female patients with POP were randomized into an observation group (30 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a control group (30 cases, 1 case dropped off). On the basis of adjusting lifestyle, caltrate was given orally in the control group, 2 pills a day for 4 weeks. On the basis of the treatment in the control group, electroacupuncture was applied at Zusanli (ST 36), Yanglingquan (GB 34), Ganshu (BL 18), Pishu (BL 20), Shenshu (BL 23), etc. in the observation group, with disperse-dense wave of 2 Hz/10 Hz in frequency, once every other day, 3 times a week for 4 weeks. The time of timed up-and-go test (TUGT) and the value of 10 m maximal walking speed (10 m MWS) before and after treatment were compared in the two groups, and the Young's modulus values of bilateral multifidus muscles in prone position and sitting position before and after treatment were compared by real-time shear wave elastography (SWE) in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the TUGT time was decreased compared before treatment in the observation group (P<0.01), and that in the observation group was shorter than the control group (P<0.01). After treatment, the value of 10 m MWS test was increased compared before treatment in the observation group (P<0.05). After treatment, the Young's modulus values of bilateral multifidus muscles in prone position and sitting position were increased compared before treatment in the observation group (P<0.01); except for the left side in sitting position, the Young's modulus values of multifidus muscles in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.01, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of oral caltrate, electroacupuncture can improve the motor function and muscle state in patients with POP.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Acupuncture Points , Electroacupuncture , Life Style , Osteoporosis/therapy , Paraspinal Muscles
9.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 75-77, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935749

ABSTRACT

A retrospective analysis of a case of death from sudden convulsions caused by oral high-dose diquat was conducted, and the mechanism and treatment of central damage caused by diquat were investigated to lay the foundation for increasing the success rate of treatment of high-dose diquat poisoning. At the same time, at the same time, our clinical treatment experience has also been accumulated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diquat , Poisoning , Retrospective Studies , Seizures
10.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 20-25, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928260

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of porous tantalum Jumbo cup on acetabular reconstruction in revision of total hip arthroplasty.@*METHODS@#From September 2014 to December 2017, 18 patients(18 hips) with acetabular defect were reconstructed by porous tantalum Jumbo cup technology, including 6 males and 12 females;the age ranged from 54 to 76 years old with an average of(63.8±15.3) years. There were 6 cases of paprosky typeⅡA, 8 cases of typeⅡB, 2 cases of typeⅡC and 2 cases of type Ⅲ a. Harris score and visual analogue scale (VAS) were performed before and after operation. Imaging examination was performed to evaluate the position of hip rotation center and prosthesis, and to judge whether acetabular loosening, displacement and complications existed.@*RESULTS@#All cases were followed up for 13 to 49 months, with an average of 20.6 months. Harris score increased from 54.6±4.7 to 86.5±3.2 one year after operation(P<0.01), and VAS score decreased from 6.8±0.7 to 0.8±0.6 one year after operation (P<0.01). The transverse coordinate of hip rotation center was (3.52±0.72) cm before operation and (3.47±0.54) cm after operation (P>0.05). The longitudinal coordinate of hip rotation center was improved from (3.02±0.84) cm before operation to (2.35±0.53) cm after operation (P<0.01). During the follow-up period, the Jumbo cup was well fixed without loosening and displacement, the acetabular cup had bone ingrowth in varying degrees, and no light transmission line and osteolysis around the acetabular cup were found. No complications such as infection and nerve injury occurred.@*CONCLUSION@#The method of reconstructing acetabular bone defect with porous tantalum Jumbo cup is simple and easy, the early stability of acetabulum is good, and the short-term follow-up effect is good.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acetabulum/surgery , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Follow-Up Studies , Hip Prosthesis , Porosity , Prosthesis Failure , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Tantalum , Treatment Outcome
11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1221-1224, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921036

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the therapeutic effect on bronchial asthma between presence of skin reaction and the absence of skin reaction after acupoint application.@*METHODS@#Sixty-one patients with bronchial asthma were treated with acupoint application during the hottest periods of summer ("dog days"). The acupoints included Dingchuan (EX-B 1), Feishu (BL 13), Xinshu (BL 15), Pishu (BL 20) and Shenshu (BL 23). The treatment was given once every 7 days, with the herbal plaster remained for 6 h each time, and 4 treatments were required totally. According to the local skin reaction after acupoint application, a skin reaction group (30 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a non-skin reaction group (31 cases) were divided. Separately, before treatment and 1 year after treatment, using chronic disease management platform of asthma, the number of asthma attacks, the score of asthma control test (ACT) and the score of asthma quality of life questionnaire (AQLQ) were recorded online. Besides, the therapeutic effect was observed in the two groups 1 year after treatment.@*RESULTS@#One year after treatment, the number of asthma attacks was reduced as compared with that before treatment in the patients of either group (@*CONCLUSION@#In treatment of acupoint application for bronchial asthma, the clinical therapeutic effect is better in the patients with local skin reaction after acupoint application. The chronic disease management platform of asthma is convenient for online evaluation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Asthma/therapy , Disease Management , Quality of Life
12.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 594-598, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912378

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy and safety of full macular coverage micropulse laser in the treatment of refractory macular edema secondary to Irvine-Gass syndrome.Methods:A retrospective case study. From April 2018 to November 2019, 21 cases of Irvine-Gass syndrome patients with 24 eyes were included in the study. Among them, there were 11 females with 12 eyes and 10 males with 12 eyes; the average age was 54.5±10.1 years. All the affected eyes underwent best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) examination. BCVA was performed using a standard logarithmic visual acuity chart, and the results were converted into the logarithmic minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) visual acuity when recording. The frequency domain OCT instrument was used to measure the foveal retinal thickness (CMT) and the retinal volume (MRV) of the macular area with a diameter of 1, 6 mm. All the affected eyes were treated with a micropulse laser under the threshold of 577 nm, with a spot diameter of 200 μm, an exposure time of 200 ms, a power of 400 mW, and a 5% duty cycle. The treatment scope was in the upper and lower vascular arches of the macula, covering the entire macula (including the fovea). One or 3 months after treatment, the eyes with macular edema were treated twice with micropulse laser, the method was the same as before. 1, 3, and 6 months after the treatment, the same equipment and methods as before the treatment were used for related inspections. The changes of BCVA, CMT, MRV and the occurrence of complications in the affected eye were observed.Results:The average logMAR BCVA of the eyes before treatment and 1, 3, and 6 months after treatment were 0.440±0.320, 0.333±0.286, 0.250±0.245, 0.166±0.184, and the average CMT were 395.88±79.21, 349.17±78.07, 317.67±53.72, 285.29±37.03 μm, respectively; the average MRV of diameter 1, 6 mm were 0.310±0.063, 0.275±0.060, 0.245±0.035, 0.221±0.219 mm 3 and 9.866±0.846, 9.494±1.002, 9.005±0.885, 8.190±0.850 mm 3. Compared with before treatment, the BCVA of the eyes at 1, 3, and 6 months after treatment was significantly increased ( t=5.060, 5.564, 6.466), and CMT was significantly decreased ( t=4.854, 5.777, 7.349), and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.01); the average MRV of diameters 1, 6 mm decreased significantly, and the difference was statistically significant (1 mm diameter: t=4.527, 5.394, 7.380; P<0.01; diameter 6 mm: t=4.577, 7.980, 11.209; P<0.01). The average number of micropulse laser treatments for the affected eye was 1.25 times. Conclusion:Full macular coverage micropulse laser can safely and effectively treat refractory macular edema secondary to Irvine-Gass syndrome and can be used as an alternative treatment.

13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3873-3876, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888111

ABSTRACT

Compounds(1-6) were isolated and identified from 90% ethanol extract of the stems and leaves of Cassia occidentalis through column chromatography with silica gel, ODS, and Sephadex LH-20. These compounds were identified as 7-hydroxy-5-(3-hydroxy-2-oxopropyl)-2-methyl-4H-chromen-4-one(1), saccharonol A(2), S-6-hydroxymullein(3), 2-methyl-5-acetonyl-7-hydroxy-chromone(4), 2-(2'-hydroxypropyl)-5-methyl-7-hydroxychromone(5) and 7,4'-dihydroxyflavone(6) based on their physicochemical and spectroscopic data. Among them, compound 1 was a new compound, and all the compounds were isolated from this plant for the first time. DPPH method was employed to determine the antioxidant activities of these compounds in vitro. Six compounds exhibited weak antioxidant activities.


Subject(s)
Chromones , Plant Leaves , Senna Plant , Spectrum Analysis
14.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 501-504, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877646

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on aged insomnia, and explore its possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with aged insomnia were randomly divided into an EA group (30 cases) and a sham EA group (30 cases, 1 case dropped off). The patients in the EA group were treated with acupuncture at Baihui (GV 20), Yintang (GV 29), Shenmen (HT 7), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Xinshu (BL 15) and Shenshu (BL 23), and EA was used at Baihui (GV 20) and Yintang (GV 29), with intermittent wave, 2 Hz in frequency. In the sham EA group, the acupoints and the EA connection acupoints were the same as those in the EA group, 2-3 mm in depth, but no current was connected. The intervention was given 30 min each time, once every other day, 3 times a week for 4 weeks in the both groups. Before and after treatment, the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) and Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) scale were used to assess sleep quality and cognitive function, and serum melatonin (MT) and dopamine (DA) levels were detected.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the total score and sub-item scores of PSQI in the EA group were lower than those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupuncture can improve sleep quality and cognitive function in aged insomnia patients, and its mechanism may be related to regulating serum MT and DA levels.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Acupuncture Points , Dopamine , Electroacupuncture , Melatonin , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/therapy
15.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 624-629, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882219

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a comet test method for detection of genotoxicity of three reference chemicals in rat liver cells. Methods:6-10 week old Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into 4 groups, with normal saline (0.9% NaCl solution) as negative control group. Animals in three test groups were treated, respectively, with ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS) 200 mg/kg, N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU) 50 mg/kg, and D-mannitol 2 000 mg/kg. There were 10 animals in each group, 5 males and 5 females. The animals received two times (21 h interval) of test compounds through intragastric administration, and their clinical symptoms and body weight changes were recorded during the experiment. The rats were sacrificed 3 h after the last exposure. The liver was weighed, then used to prepare single-cell suspensions for the alkaline comet test which determines the average tail DNA content percentage (DNA%) of hepatocytes and other comet indicators. Results:(1) D-mannitol, EMS and MNU did not show significant toxicity in the whole animal. (2) The mean values of tail DNA content percentage (DNA%) of rat hepatocytes in EMS [(60.07±24.69)%] and MNU [(41.66±22.35)%] groups were higher than that in the negative control group [(2.32±1.39)%] and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The difference between D-mannitol group [(3.06±3.30)%] and the negative control group was not significant (P>0.05). Conclusion:This laboratory has established a comet test method using hepatocytes from treated rats. Among three testing chemicals, EMS and MNU have displayed genotoxicity by this assay, but no genotoxicity was observed in D-mannitol treated animals.

16.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(1): 63-73, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089372

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The types of allergic rhinitis are roughly classified based on the causative antigens, disease types, predilection time, and symptom severity. Objective To examine the clinical typing and individualized treatment approach for allergic rhinitis and to determine the optimal treatment method for this disease using various drug combination therapies. Methods A total of 108 participants with allergic rhinitis were divided into three groups based on symptoms. Subsequently, each group was further categorized into four subgroups based on the medications received. The efficacy of the treatments was evaluated using the visual analog scale VAS scores of the total and individual nasal symptoms, decline index of the symptom score, histamine and leukotriene levels, and mRNA and protein expression levels of histamine 1 and cysteinyl leukotriene 1 receptors. Results Loratadine + mometasone furoate and loratadine + mometasone furoate + montelukast significantly improved the sneezing symptom and reduced the histamine levels compared with the other combination therapies (p < 0.05). Meanwhile, montelukast + mometasone furoate and montelukast + mometasone furoate + loratadine considerably improved the nasal obstruction symptom and decreased the leukotriene D4 levels compared with the other combination therapies (p < 0.05). Conclusion Clinical symptom evaluation combined with experimental detection of histamine and leukotriene levels can be an objective and accurate method to clinically classify the allergic rhinitis types. Furthermore, individualized treatment based on allergic rhinitis classification can result in a good treatment efficacy.


Resumo Introdução A rinite alérgica é basicamente classificada de acordo com os antígenos causadores, tipos de doença, peridiocidade e gravidade dos sintomas. Objetivo Avaliar os tipos clínicos e a abordagem terapêutica individualizada para cada tipo de rinite alérgica e determinar o método de tratamento ideal utilizando várias terapias de combinação de fármacos. Método Um total de 108 participantes com rinite alérgica foram divididos em três grupos com base nos sintomas. Posteriormente, cada grupo foi subsequentemente categorizado em quatro subgrupos com base nos medicamentos recebidos. A eficácia dos tratamentos foi avaliada utilizando os escores da escala visual analógica EVA dos sintomas nasais totais e individualmente, índice de declínio do escore de sintomas, níveis de histamina e leucotrienos e níveis de expressão de mRNA e proteína dos receptores de histamina 1 e cisteinil-leucotrieno 1. Resultados As associações entre loratadina + furoato de mometasona, assim como a de loratadina + furoato de mometasona + montelucaste melhoraram significativamente o sintoma de espirros e reduziram os níveis de histamina em comparação às outras terapias combinadas (p < 0,05). Por outro lado, a associação montelucaste + furoato de mometasona, assim como a associação montelucaste + furoato de mometasone + loratadina melhoraram consideravelmente o sintoma de obstrução nasal e diminuíram os níveis de leucotrieno D4 em comparação com as outras combinações (p < 0,05). Conclusão A avaliação clínica dos sintomas combinada com a detecção experimental dos níveis de histamina e leucotrieno pode ser um método objetivo e preciso para classificar clinicamente os tipos de rinite alérgica. Além disso, o tratamento individualizado baseado na classificação da rinite alérgica pode resultar no aumento da eficácia do tratamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Histamine/blood , Leukotriene D4/blood , Drug Therapy, Combination/methods , Precision Medicine/methods , Rhinitis, Allergic/blood , Quinolines/therapeutic use , Sneezing , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Receptors, Histamine H1/genetics , Nasal Obstruction/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome , Loratadine/therapeutic use , Receptors, Leukotriene/genetics , Anti-Allergic Agents/therapeutic use , Rhinitis, Allergic/diagnosis , Rhinitis, Allergic/drug therapy , Mometasone Furoate/therapeutic use , Acetates/therapeutic use , Nasal Mucosa
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1278-1282, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827126

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of down-regulating of c-Met expression to the proliferation, invasiveness and apoptosis of human multiple myeloma RPMI 8226 cells.@*METHODS@#According to transfection the RPMI8226 cells were dividide into RPMI 8226 (untreated RPMI 8226), RPMI 8226 /shRNA-Met and RPMI8226/shRNA-control group, respectively. Protein expression level of c-Met was detected by Western blot so as to evaluate transfection condition; the proliferation of the cells was detected by MTT; apoptosis and cycle of the cells were detected by flow cytometry; effect of c-Met/shRNA on RPMI 8226 cell adhesion was detected by RPMI 8226 cell adherence to ECM (Fn and Matrigel) and ECV304 cells. Invasiveness of RPMI 8226 cell was detected by Transwell assay.@*RESULTS@#The c-Met short hairpin RNA (shRNA) was successfully transfected into RPMI 8226 cells, and could inhibit the expression of c-Met significantly. The down-regulation of c-Met could inhibit the proliferation of RPMI 8226 cells significantly. The percentage of cells in the G/G phase and apoptotic rate (sub-G) in the RPMI 8226/shRNA-Met group were higher than those in the control group, the adhesion rate and the number of migrated RPMI 8226/shRNA-Met cells were decreased significantly as compared with control group. There were no significant differences in each indexes between RPMI 8226/shRNA-control and control group.@*CONCLUSION@#Knockdown of c-Met can affect the proliferation, adherence, invasiveness and apoptosis of human multiple myeloma RPMI 8226 cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Multiple Myeloma , RNA, Small Interfering
18.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 131-136, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828536

ABSTRACT

Stenting for iliac vein stenosis or compression has become a common therapeutic approach in recent years. The antithrombotic therapy after the stent deployment, however, reaches no consensus. Medications strategies and patients' prognoses differ in non-thrombotic, acute thrombotic and chronic thrombotic these three circumstances. Non-thrombotic patients usually possess satisfactory stent patency whatever antithrombotic therapy is used. Anticoagulant is the basic medication for acute thrombotic patients, benefits from additional antiplatelet drug remains to be clarified. In terms of chronic thrombotic patients, their prognoses are unsatisfactory under all antithrombotic therapies. In this review, we outlined the recent progress of antithrombotic therapy after iliac vein stenting, aiming to provide feasible medication plans for each circumstance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Constriction, Pathologic , Drug Therapy , General Surgery , Fibrinolytic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Iliac Vein , General Surgery , Stents , Treatment Outcome , Vascular Patency
19.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 17-20, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781776

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the therapeutic effect of thunder-fire moxibustion combined with vibration training and simple vibration training on low back pain of primary osteoporosis by 's modulus of ultrasonic wave, and seek an objective evaluating method.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each one. The patients in the two groups were treated with vibration training using whole body vibration treatment bed. In the observation group, thunder-fire moxibustion was applied at Yaoyangguan (GV 3), Mingmen (GV 4), Ganshu (BL 18), Shenshu (BL 23) and Dachangshu (BL 25). The treatment was given once every other day, 3 times a week for 4 weeks. The visual analogue score (VAS), real-time shear wave elastography (RTSWE) and medical outcomes study 36-item short-form hearth survey (SF-36) were used to evaluate pain intensity, multifidus muscle tone ('s modulus) and quality of life before treatment, after 4-week treatment and 1 month after treatment.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the VAS scores, 's modulus of multifidus muscle and 5 dimensions of SF-36 (physical condition, body pain, general health, social function and mental health) after 4-week treatment and 1 month after treatment were significantly improved in the two groups (all <0.05), the physiological role in the observation group after 4-week treatment and 1 month after treatment were improved (both <0.05). In the observation group, the VAS scores, 's modulus of multifidus muscle and 3 dimensions of SF-36 (physiological role, body pain and general health) after 4-week treatment and 1 month after treatment were superior to the control group (all <0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The therapeutic effect of thunder-fire moxibustion combined with vibration training is superior to simple vibration training in relieving low back pain intensity and multifidus muscle tone, and improving quality of life for primary osteoporosis. RTSWE technique can be an objective examination method to evaluate pain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Low Back Pain , Therapeutics , Moxibustion , Osteoporosis , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome , Vibration
20.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1149-1153, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877577

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical therapeutic effect and safety on insomnia among three acupuncture combinations, named @*METHODS@#A total of 90 patients with insomnia were randomized into a Tongdu Tiaowei group (30 cases, 1 case dropped off ), a Tongdu Yangxin group (30 cases, 2 cases dropped off ) and a Tongdu Tiaozang group (30 cases, 1 case dropped off ). Besides electroacupuncture (EA) applied to Baihui (GV 20) and Yintang (GV 29) in all of the three groups, acupuncture was added at Shenmai (BL 62) and Zhaohai (KI 6), Shenmen (HT 7) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) as well as back-@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the score of each of 6 factors, named sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep time, sleep efficiency, sleep disturbance and daytime dysfunction, as well as the total score of PSQI scale were all reduced as compared with the scores before treatment in the patients of each group (@*CONCLUSION@#All of the three acupuncture combinations, named


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Sleep , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/therapy , Treatment Outcome
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