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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 448-454, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016649

ABSTRACT

It has become an industry consensus that self-assembled nanoparticles (SAN) are formed by molecular recognition of chemical components in traditional Chinese medicine during the decoction process. The insoluble components in the decoction are mostly in the form of nanoparticles, which can improve the problem of poor water solubility. However, the transfer rate of these insoluble components in the decoction is still very low, which limits the efficacy of the drug. This study aimed to refine the traditional decoction self-assembly phenomenon. The self-assembled nanoparticles were constructed by micro-precipitation method (MP-SAN), and characterized by particle size, zeta potential, stability index and morphology. The formation of MP-SAN and alterations in related physicochemical properties were evaluated using modern spectroscopic and thermal analysis techniques. The quality value transmitting pattern of lignan components within the MP-SAN was assessed via high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The MP-SAN showed sphere-like structure with uniform morphology, particle size of (245.3 ± 3.2) nm, polydispersity index (PDI) of (0.13 ± 0.03), zeta potential of (-48.9 ± 5.9) mV and stability index (SI) of (86.05% ± 2.27%). Comprehensive analyses using ultraviolet visible spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, and other techniques confirmed molecular recognition between the decoction and ethanol extraction, leading to electron rearrangement under the influence of non-covalent bonding. This resulted in the formation of nanoparticles possessing superior thermal stability. As determined by HPLC, the encapsulation rates of the index components in the MP-SAN were all greater than 75% (dehydrodiconiferyl alcohol: 77.00%; herpetolide A: 78.57%; herpetrione: 94.53%), and the transfer rates were all higher than 65% (dehydrodiconiferyl alcohol: 96.01%; herpetolide A: 67.86%; herpetrione: 65.55%), which were 1.34, 1.38 and 4.81 times compared with those of the traditional decoction. In summary, this study successfully constructed the MP-SAN based on micro-precipitation method to achieve high transfer rate and high encapsulation rate of insoluble components in docoction, which provides a pharmaceutics idea for the efficient utilization of pharmacodynamic substance basis of traditional Chinese medicine.

2.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 250-253, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995095

ABSTRACT

This article reported a male neonate with lethal mitochondrial trifunctional protein deficiency (MTPD) caused by compound heterozygous variations in the HADHB gene. The patient presented with poor milk intake complicated by abnormal myocardial enzymes within 24 h after birth and was transferred to the Children's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University on day 4. Physical examination revealed no obvious abnormalities on admission. Laboratory examination showed increased creatine kinase isoenzyme and cardiac troponin levels, and electrocardiogram suggested sinus tachycardia and low QRS voltage in limb leads. Blood screening for metabolic abnormalities showed high levels of tetradecenyl carnitine and various 3-hydroxycarnitines. Heterozygous mutations of c.739C>T(p.Arg247Cys) and c.607C>T(p.Arg203Ter,272) were detected in the HADHB gene in the boy, which were pathogenic variants included in the Human Gene Mutation Database. Followed up to three months of age, the boy was readmitted to hospital due to poor milk intake for one week and poor response for 2 d after catching a cold. After admission, he quickly developed multiple organs dysfunction such as heart failure and respiratory failure, and then died. Lethal MTPD is rare with no effective treatment and poor prognosis. Lethal MTPD should be highly suspected when unexplained cardiomyopathy, hypoglycemia, acidosis and other metabolic abnormalities appear in the neonatal period, and an early diagnosis could be confirmed with genetic testing in the neonatal period.

3.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 675-684, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010795

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore key quality control factors that affected the prognosis of intensive care unit (ICU) patients in Chinese mainland over six years (2015-2020). The data for this study were from 31 provincial and municipal hospitals (3425 hospital ICUs) and included 2 110 685 ICU patients, for a total of 27 607 376 ICU hospitalization days. We found that 15 initially established quality control indicators were good predictors of patient prognosis, including percentage of ICU patients out of all inpatients (%), percentage of ICU bed occupancy of total inpatient bed occupancy (%), percentage of all ICU inpatients with an APACHE II score ⩾15 (%), three-hour (surviving sepsis campaign) SSC bundle compliance (%), six-hour SSC bundle compliance (%), rate of microbe detection before antibiotics (%), percentage of drug deep venous thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis (%), percentage of unplanned endotracheal extubations (%), percentage of patients reintubated within 48 hours (%), unplanned transfers to the ICU (%), 48-h ICU readmission rate (%), ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) (per 1000 ventilator days), catheter related blood stream infection (CRBSI) (per 1000 catheter days), catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) (per 1000 catheter days), in-hospital mortality (%). When exploratory factor analysis was applied, the 15 indicators were divided into 6 core elements that varied in weight regarding quality evaluation: nosocomial infection management (21.35%), compliance with the Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines (17.97%), ICU resources (17.46%), airway management (15.53%), prevention of deep-vein thrombosis (14.07%), and severity of patient condition (13.61%). Based on the different weights of the core elements associated with the 15 indicators, we developed an integrated quality scoring system defined as F score=21.35%xnosocomial infection management + 17.97%xcompliance with SSC guidelines + 17.46%×ICU resources + 15.53%×airway management + 14.07%×DVT prevention + 13.61%×severity of patient condition. This evidence-based quality scoring system will help in assessing the key elements of quality management and establish a foundation for further optimization of the quality control indicator system.


Subject(s)
Humans , China/epidemiology , Cross Infection/epidemiology , Intensive Care Units/statistics & numerical data , Quality Control , Quality Indicators, Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Sepsis/therapy , East Asian People/statistics & numerical data
4.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 126-131, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973428

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate a suspected outbreak of healthcare-associated infection (HAI) caused by carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumonia (CRKP) in a secondary grade-A hospital, analyze the infection source and transmission route, and put forward corresponding preventive and control measures. MethodsEpidemiological investigation was conducted on 5 patients with CRKP infection in department of neurosurgery during December 23‒30, 2021. Specimens were collected with the environmental microbiology monitoring procedure. CRKP isolated from the environmental samples were analyzed by multilocus sequence typing (MLST) method. Comprehensive measures were taken to control the CRKP infection. ResultsThe 5 infected patients were located in 3 rooms, and all were diagnosed as HAI. The antimicrobial susceptibility testing results from the specimens of 3 CRKP infected patients were the same. Through environmental microbiology monitoring, CRKP strains were detected from the faucet handle and sink specimens in 3 rooms. The results of MLST analysis showed that the faucet handle and sink specimens in room 2 and 3 were ST11 type. The environmental specimen in room 1 was ST23 type. The suspected outbreak was effectively controlled after comprehensive interventions. ConclusionHAI suspected outbreak might be caused by the environmental contamination from the pathogens of CRKP-infected patients as well as the contaminated hands of medical staff and accompanying family members. Strengthening the publicity, education and management of medical staff and accompanying staff, early identification of infection outbreaks, and timely comprehensive control measures are the keys to controlling multidrug-resistant nosocomial infection outbreaks.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2071-2085, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982847

ABSTRACT

Developing universal CARs with improved flexible targeting and controllable activities is urgently needed. While several studies have suggested the potential of CD16a in tandem with monoclonal antibodies to construct universal CAR-T cells, the weak affinity between them is one of the limiting factors for efficacy. Herein, we systematically investigated the impact of Fcγ receptor (FcγR) affinity on CAR-T cells properties by constructing universal CARs using Fcγ receptors with different affinities for IgG1 antibodies, namely CD16a, CD32a, and CD64. We demonstrated that the activities of these universal CAR-T cells on tumor cells could be redirected and regulated by IgG1 antibodies. In xenografted mice, 64CAR chimeric Jurkat cells with the highest affinity showed significant antitumor effects in combination with herceptin in the HER2 low expression U251 MG model. However, in the CD20 high expression Raji model, 64CAR caused excessive activation of CAR-T cells, which resulted in cytokine release syndrome (CRS) and the decline of antitumor activity, and 32CAR with a moderate affinity brought the best efficacy. Our work extended the knowledge about FcγR-based universal CAR-T cells and suggested that only the FcγRCAR with an appropriate affinity can offer the optimal antitumor advantages of CAR-T cells.

6.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 1-10, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982583

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore key quality control factors that affected the prognosis of intensive care unit (ICU) patients in Chinese mainland over six years (2015-2020). The data for this study were from 31 provincial and municipal hospitals (3425 hospital ICUs) and included 2 110 685 ICU patients, for a total of 27 607 376 ICU hospitalization days. We found that 15 initially established quality control indicators were good predictors of patient prognosis, including percentage of ICU patients out of all inpatients (%), percentage of ICU bed occupancy of total inpatient bed occupancy (%), percentage of all ICU inpatients with an APACHE II score ⩾15 (%), three-hour (surviving sepsis campaign) SSC bundle compliance (%), six-hour SSC bundle compliance (%), rate of microbe detection before antibiotics (%), percentage of drug deep venous thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis (%), percentage of unplanned endotracheal extubations (%), percentage of patients reintubated within 48 hours (%), unplanned transfers to the ICU (%), 48-h ICU readmission rate (%), ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) (per 1000 ventilator days), catheter related blood stream infection (CRBSI) (per 1000 catheter days), catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) (per 1000 catheter days), in-hospital mortality (%). When exploratory factor analysis was applied, the 15 indicators were divided into 6 core elements that varied in weight regarding quality evaluation: nosocomial infection management (21.35%), compliance with the Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines (17.97%), ICU resources (17.46%), airway management (15.53%), prevention of deep-vein thrombosis (14.07%), and severity of patient condition (13.61%). Based on the different weights of the core elements associated with the 15 indicators, we developed an integrated quality scoring system defined as F score=21.35%xnosocomial infection management + 17.97%xcompliance with SSC guidelines + 17.46%×ICU resources + 15.53%×airway management + 14.07%×DVT prevention + 13.61%×severity of patient condition. This evidence-based quality scoring system will help in assessing the key elements of quality management and establish a foundation for further optimization of the quality control indicator system.

7.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 124-128, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970456

ABSTRACT

Epigenetics refers to heritable changes in gene expression and function without alterations in gene sequences,including DNA methylation,histone modification,and non-coding RNAs.Endometriosis is a benign gynecological disease that affects the fertility and health of reproductive-age women,the etiology of which remains unclear.The recent studies have demonstrated that epigenetics plays a key role in the occurrence and development of endometriosis.This article reviews the research progress in the regulatory mechanism and application of epigenetics in endometriosis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Endometriosis/genetics , Epigenesis, Genetic , DNA Methylation , Protein Processing, Post-Translational
8.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 375-380, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970218

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the safety and effect of laparoscopy for the treatment of biliary stricture after the biliary dilatation operation. Methods: The clinical data of 78 patients,including 27 males and 51 females aged (48.6±14.2)years(range:17 to 76 years),who presented biliary stricture after biliary dilatation operation from January 2017 to June 2021 in the Department of Minimally Invasive Hepatobiliary Surgery,Hunan Provincial People's Hospital,were retrospectively collected,with 38 cases in the laparoscopy group and 40 cases in the laparotomy group. Of the 78 patients,there were 67 cases of cholangiojejunostomy stricture and 11 cases of stricture of the high intrahepatic bile duct. Statistical methods such as t-test and χ2 test were carried out to compare perioperative clinical data and follow-up information between the two groups. Results: Less intraoperative blood loss((102.6±76.4)ml vs. (162.5±105.9) ml, t=-2.874,P=0.005),shorter postoperative stay length of stay((10.5±3.7)days vs. (14.5±6.4)days, t=-3.379,P=0.001) and shorter waiting time for postoperative anal exhaust((2.0±0.6)days vs. (2.5±0.9)days, t=-2.827,P=0.006) were found in the laparoscopy group than that in the laparotomy group,with statistically significant differences. While there was no statistically difference in the operative time((252.8±54.7)minutes vs. (257.4±68.6)minutes,t=-0.331,P=0.742). Postoperative review and follow-up did not show statistically significant differences between the two groups in the residual stone rate(5.3%(2/38) vs. 5.0%(2/40)) and the incidence of recurrent biliary stricture(5.3%(2/38) vs. 7.5%(3/40))(both P>0.05). Conclusion: Laparoscopy may be safe and effective in the treatment of biliary stricture after the biliary dilatation operation,with less trauma,faster recovery compared to laparotomy.

9.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 95-100, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969954

ABSTRACT

Focusing on the phenomenon of "de-acupoints" of the needle insertion sites in Fu's subcutaneous needling (FSN), the authors allocated the evolution and characteristics of the needle insertion sites of FSN. From six aspects, named morphology and structure, location, nomenclature, numbers and meridian tropism, indications and acupuncture manipulations, the comparison was made between the insertion sites of FSN and traditional acupoints. It is believed: ①The needle insertion sites of FSN has the basic attributes of acupoint, which not only refers to the operation site, but also indicates the reaction of disease; moreover, it is the treatment site with significant therapeutic effect. ②The optimized sites of insertion in FSN should be named differently and their locations and numbers should be specified relatively. ③The insertion sites of FSN should be further intersected and integrated with traditional acupoints, and a part of traditional acupoints should become the insertion sites of FSN. ④Accepting and integrating the insertion sites of FSN, and expanding the scope of traditional acupoints may be the new project in the research of traditional acupoints.


Subject(s)
Moxibustion , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture , Meridians
10.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 926-935, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015680

ABSTRACT

Mitochondria are dynamic organelles that continuously divide and fuse. In recent years, in addition to the studies related to mitochondrial metabolism, the unique dynamics of mitochondria have gradually attracted researchers' attention. A growing body of research has revealed that mitochondrial dynamics are related to the biological behavior of tumor cells. Mitochondrial fission proteins (mitochondrial fission protein 1, FIS1) mediate the assembly of mitochondrial fission complexes and participate in the execution of mitochondrial fission. They are important proteins in the process of mitochondrial fusion and fission. However, few studies have revealed the expression and role of FIS1 in human cervical cancer. In this study, the expression level of FIS1 in human cervical cancer tissues and paracancer tissues were compared. The results showed that the level of FIS1 mRNA in human cervical cancer tissues was significantly lower than that in paracancer tissues (P<0. 01). Further KEGG pathway and GO Term-BP pathway analysis showed that the differential genes are mainly related to mitochondrial biological functions. Subsequently, HeLa cells with overexpressed FIS1 were investigated for their proliferation, migration, mitochondrial fission and ROS levels. The experimental results showed that FIS1 overexpression decreased HeLa cell proliferation and migration ability, enhanced mitochondrial fission and higher ROS levels. In conclusion, the expression of FIS1 in human cervical cancer cells was attenuated, while overexpression of FIS1 resulted in a series of abnormal biological functions in human cervical cancer cells. Further studies can be carried out to investigate the role of FIS1 in the treatment of human cervical cancer.

11.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 808-816, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015274

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the physical characteristics of body of Xibe adults in Liaoning province and to accumulate data for the studyof physical anthropology. Methods The investigation method and judging standard were refered to correlative regulations in " Anthropometric Method ". The survey included 33 measurement items, 5 indicators and 6 types, 330 Xibe adult people (male 174, female 156) were recruited. Results According to the classification of body part index, the rates of long trunk, wide chest, wide shoulder and wide pelvis were the highest in all the adults of Xibe nationality in Liaoning province, the rates of middle and sub-long legs were the highest in the males, and the rates of super short legs were the highest in the females. According to the stature type, the rates of high type were the highest in males and females. Conclusion The body physical characteristics of male adults of Xibe nationality in Liaoning are the most similar to those of male adults of Xibe nationality in Xinjiang, and the body physical characteristics of female adults of Xibe nationality in Liaoning were between those of female adults of ethnic minorities in Northwest China and Northeast China.

12.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 85-90, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014176

ABSTRACT

Aim To evaluate the effects of different doses of IL-36Ra on pain behavior and the polarization of spinal A1 astrocytes in mice with inflammatory pain.Methods A total of 32 male C57BL/6 mice were divided into four groups: CFA+Saline group, CFA+IL-36Ra 50 ng group, CFA+IL-36Ra 100 ng group and CFA+IL-36Ra 200 ng group by random grouping.The inflammatory pain model was established by injection of complete Freund's adjuvant(CFA)into the plantar surface of the right hind paw of mice.The drugs were given daily from the 1st day to the 7th day after CFA injection in each group by intrathecal injection.The changes in the mechanical withdrawal threshold(MWT)and the radiant heat stimulating paw withdrawal latency(PWL)of the mice were detected before and 1, 3, 5 and 7 days after the CFA injection.Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction was used to detect the expression changes of A1 and A2 astrocyte markers after IL-36Ra treatment.Immunohistochemistry was used to test the effect of IL-36Ra on the co-expression level of A1 astrocyte marker C3 and GFAP in the spinal dorsal horn.Results MWT and PWL of the ipsilateral paw significantly decreased after the CFA injection, and IL-36Ra(100 ng, 200 ng)treatment could significantly improve the mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia of CFA mice.After treatment for 7 days, IL-36Ra 200 ng successfully reversed the increase of GFAP and Lcn2 expression in the spinal cord of CFA mice, which demonstrated IL-36Ra could inhibit the activation of astrocytes.IL-36Ra significantly inhibited the expression of A1 astrocyte maker Serping1, H2-T23 in spinal cord but showed no effects on the expression of A2 astrocytes marker with each dose.Furthermore, IL-36Ra inhibited the expression of C3 within the astrocytes in the spinal dorsal horn of CFA mice.Conclusion IL-36Ra attenuates the inflammatory pain via inhibiting the polarization of A1 reactive astrocytes in the spinal cord of mice with inflammatory pain.

13.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 561-568, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014118

ABSTRACT

Aim To observe the inhibitory effect of neferine(Nef)on the migration and invasion of non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC)H1299 cells by blocking ROCK pathway.Methods H1299 cells were taken for in vitro culture, and treated with different concentrations of Nef.H1299 cell viability was measured by CCK-8 method to determine the dose of the experimental group.The migration and invasion abilities of H1299 cells were detected by cell scratch test and Transwell chamber test.The expression of matrix metalloproteinases MMP-2 and MMP-9 secreted from lung cancer cells was detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA).The protein level of ROCK1 in H1299 cells was tested by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR and Western blot; the binding mode and affinity between Nef and ROCK1 were stimulated by AutoDock semi flexible docking method.Results The doses of Nef in the experimental group were determined as 4, 6 and 10 μmol·L-1.These three concentrations of Nef could inhibit the migration and invasion of H1299 lung cancer cells to a certain degree in a dose-dependent manner.At the same time, Nef reduced the expression of MMP-2, MMP-9 and ROCK1 proteins related to the migration and invasion of the cancer cells.In addition, the affinity of Nef to ROCK1 was significantly higher than that of fasudil, an inhibitor of ROCK, and the binding force was stronger to A-chain of ROCK1.Conclusions As a potential natural anticancer compound, Nef can inhibit the migration and invasion of NSCLC by reducing the expression of MMP-2, MMP-9 and ROCK1 proteins related to the migration and invasion of the cancer cells.

14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 587-592, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927940

ABSTRACT

A content determination method based on ~1H-qNMR was developed for the determination of total ginsenosides in Shenmai Injection. The parameters were optimized with CD_3OD as the solvent, dimethyl terephthalate as the internal standard, the peak at δ 8.11 as the internal standard peak, and the peaks at δ 1.68 and δ 0.79 as quantitative peaks of total ginsenosides. The developed ~1H-qNMR-based method was validated methodologically. The results showed that the method could achieve accurate measurement of total ginsenosides in Shenmai Injection in the range of 0.167 6-3.091 1 mmol·L~(-1). The developed ~1H-qNMR-based method for total ginsenosides is simple in operation, short in analysis time, strong in specificity, independent of accompanying standard curve, and small in sample volume, which can serve as a reliable mean for the quality control of Shenmai Injection. This study is expected to provide new ideas for the development of quantification methods of total ginsenosides.


Subject(s)
Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Ginsenosides/analysis , Quality Control
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 581-586, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927939

ABSTRACT

Shenmai Injection is a Chinese medicinal injection prepared from Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma Rubra and Ophiopogonis Radix, which is widely used in clinical practice for the treatment and adjuvant therapy of cardiovascular diseases with significant pharmacological effects. Proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy(~1H-NMR) has the advantages of simple and nondestructive sample pretreatment, fast analysis, abundant chemical information, quantification and no need to follow the standard curve. It is widely used in the analysis and research of complex mixtures of traditional Chinese medicine, clinical blood and urine samples. In this study, the ~1H-NMR fingerprint of Shenmai Injection was established. Thirty-two chemical components were identified, including seven amino acids, eight small molecular organic acids, one alkaloid, four sugars, two nucleosides, seven saponins, and three other components. Pearson's correlation coefficient and multivariate analysis of variance(principal component analysis combined with hierarchical cluster analysis) were applied based on the ~1H-NMR fingerprint to evaluate the quality consistency. The results showed high-quality consistency of 82 batches of Shenmai Injection. This study confirms that the ~1H-NMR fingerprint has great potential in the application of quality control of Chinese medicinal injection.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Rhizome/chemistry
16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 575-580, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927938

ABSTRACT

The present study established a quality evaluation method for ginsenoside reference substances based on quantitative nuclear magnetic resonance(qNMR) spectroscopy. ~1H-NMR spectra were collected on Bruker Avance Ⅲ 500 MHz NMR spectrometer equipped with a 5 mm BBO probe. The acquire parameters were set up as follows: pulse sequence of 30°, D_1=20 s, probe temperature= 303 K, and the scan number = 32. Dimethyl terephthalate, a high-quality ~1H-qNMR standard, was used as the internal standard and measured by the absolute quantitative method. Methyl peaks of comparatively good sensitivity were selected for quantification, and linear fitting deconvolution was adopted to improve the accuracy of integration results. The qNMR spectroscopy-based method was established and validated, which was then used for the quality evaluation of ginsenoside Rg_1, ginsenoside Re, ginsenoside Rb_1, ginsenoside Rd, and notoginsenoside R_1. The results suggested that the content of these ginsenoside reference standards obtained from the qNMR spectroscopy-based method was lower than that detected by the normalization method in HPLC provided by the manufacturers. In conclusion, the qNMR spectroscopy-based method can ensure the quality of ginsenoside reference substances and provide powerful support for the accurate quality evaluation of Chinese medicine and its preparations. The qNMR spectroscopy-based method is simple, rapid, and accurate, which can be developed for the quantitative assay of Chinese medicine standard references.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Ginsenosides/analysis , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Reference Standards
17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 569-574, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927937

ABSTRACT

Chinese medicinal injection, made of active components extracted from Chinese medicine or Chinese medicinal compound, is a novel dosage form of Chinese patent medicine in China and is pivotal in the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) industry. The quality control standard of Chinese medicinal injection determines its safety and efficacy. The quantitative nuclear magnetic resonance(qNMR) spectroscopy is a non-targeted, non-invasive, and non-destructive technique with high reproducibility, short measurement time, convenient sample preparation, a broad range of linearity, and no requirement on the reference substance of tested components, which is advantageous as compared with traditional chromatographic methods, and it can provide information about the molecular composition of the tested samples. Therefore, in light of multiple challenges in the quality control of Chinese medicinal injection, such as complex composition, difficulties in quantitative analysis, and the shortage of reference substances, the application of qNMR spectroscopy combined with chemometrics techniques was proposed for the quality evaluation of Chinese medicine reference substances, Chinese medicinal injection, and intermediates in the production process, as well as for the stability analysis of Chinese medicinal injection. This study is expected to provide references for the application of qNMR spectroscopy in the quality control of Chinese medicinal injection.


Subject(s)
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control , Reproducibility of Results
18.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1180-1187, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964211

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the clinical characteristics of 151 local COVID-19 patients in Shanghai, 2022. MethodsThe clinical data of 151 COVID-19 patients admitted to a district-level designated hospital in Shanghai from April 13 to May 10, 2022 were reviewed, and their clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, lung imaging, treatment and outcomes were analyzed. ResultsThe 151 patients ranged from 3 to 97 years old, with a median age of 72 years. Most of them were clustered cases in the communities and families. The main clinical types were mild (95 cases, 62.9%) and general (47 cases, 31.1%). Most of the 9 severe/critical patients (6.0%) were elderly and complicated with multiple comorbidities. The proportion of people who had not been vaccinated was as high as 66.9%, and the proportion of those among severe/critically ill patients who had not been vaccinated was even higher. The most common first symptoms were expectoration in 71 cases (47.0%), fever in 51 cases (33.8%) and dry cough in 30 cases (19.9%). The counts of white blood cells and neutrophils in mild or general group were mostly normal or decreased, and in the severe/critical group increased significantly (P<0.001). Increase of troponin, D-dimer, creatinine, and myoglobin; and decrease of lymphocytes in severe/critical group were more common than the other clinical types (P<0.05). The proportions of use of antibiotics, antiviral drugs, thymalfasin and heparin in severe/critical and general patients were significantly higher than those in mild patients (P<0.05). Among the cured and discharged patients (138 cases, 91.4%), the median number of days for COVID-19 viral nucleic acid to turn negative after treatment was 12 days. The negative conversion days of mild patients were significantly shorter than those of general patients and severe/critical patients (P<0.01). Four (2.6%) death patients were all over 80 years old, unvaccinated, combined with multiple comorbidities, and eventually died of those serious comorbidities. ConclusionCOVID-19 patients at the district-level designated hospital are mainly clustered cases, and the proportion of patients who do not receive COVID-19 vaccine is high. Most of the hospitalized patients are mild, but advanced age, multiple underlying diseases, and lack of vaccination are high-risk factors for developing severe disease. Early assessment and comprehensive treatment are the key to improve prognosis.

19.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 131-141, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940462

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the active ingredients, therapeutic targets, and relative signaling pathways of Tripterygium wilfordii in the treatment of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) based on network pharmacology, and to verify the mechanism through in vitro cell model. MethodThe active ingredients of T. wilfordii were screened from the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP). The targets of TNBC were obtained from DisGeNET and GeneCards. Venny was used to identify the potential therapeutic targets of T. wilfordii against TNBC. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed with String database. Gene ontology (GO) annotation and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment were carried out with DAVID to predict the mechanisms of potential targets. The molecular docking between triptolide and key targets were performed with AutoDock Vina. The effect of triptolide (0, 5, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 80 nmol·L-1) on the proliferation of MDA-MB-231 cells was determined through methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay. The effect of triptolide (0, 12.5, 25, 50 nmol·L-1) on the apoptosis of MDA-MB-231 cells was detected with Hoechst 33342 staining. Western blot was performed to detect the effect of triptolide (0, 25, 50 nmol·L-1) on the expression levels of key targets. ResultT. wilfordii had 23 active ingredients related to 55 potential targets of TNBC. GO and KEGG enrichment revealed that the potential targets were associated with 103 biological processes, 15 cellular components, and 35 molecular functions, and were involved in 140 signaling pathways including atherosclerosis and apoptosis. The results of molecular docking demonstrated that triptolide could bind with the targets including threonine kinase 1 (Akt1), vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), cellular tumor antigen p53 (p53), transcription factor AP-1 (JUN), signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 (MAPK8), prostaglandin G/H synthase 2 (PTGS2), and Caspase-3. According to the results of MTT assay, triptolide (20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 80 nmol·L-1) inhibited the proliferation of MDA-MB-231 cells compared with blank control (P<0.05, P<0.01). Hoechst 33342 staining showed that triptolide (12, 25, 50 nmol·L-1) induced the apoptosis of MDA-MB-231 cells compared with black control (P<0.05, P<0.01). Western blot showcased that 50 nmol·L-1 triptolide down-regulated the relative expression levels of p-Akt, TNF-α, and VEGFA, while 25 and 50 nmol·L-1 triptolide up-regulated the relative expression level of p53 in a dose-dependent manner compared with the blank control (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionT. wilfordii has multiple ingredients, targets, and pathways in the treatment of TNBC. It may regulate p53, VEGFA, TNF-α and other key targets to induce cell apoptosis and suppress angiogenesis and inflammatory response, which provides a scientific basis for the further investigation and clinical application of T. wilfordii.

20.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 507-513, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928636

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To evaluate the early risk factors for death in neonates with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) treated with inhaled nitric oxide (iNO).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 105 infants with PPHN (gestational age ≥34 weeks and age <7 days on admission) who received iNO treatment in the Department of Neonatology, Children's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, from July 2017 to March 2021. Related general information and clinical data were collected. According to the clinical outcome at discharge, the infants were divided into a survival group with 79 infants and a death group with 26 infants. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to evaluate the risk factors for death in infants with PPHN treated with iNO. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to calculate the cut-off values of the factors in predicting the death risk.@*RESULTS@#A total of 105 infants with PPHN treated with iNO were included, among whom 26 died (26/105, 24.8%). The multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that no early response to iNO (HR=8.500, 95%CI: 3.024-23.887, P<0.001), 1-minute Apgar score ≤3 points (HR=10.094, 95%CI: 2.577-39.534, P=0.001), a low value of minimum PaO2/FiO2 within 12 hours after admission (HR=0.067, 95%CI: 0.009-0.481, P=0.007), and a low value of minimum pH within 12 hours after admission (HR=0.049, 95%CI: 0.004-0.545, P=0.014) were independent risk factors for death. The ROC curve analysis showed that the lowest PaO2/FiO2 value within 12 hours after admission had an area under the ROC curve of 0.783 in predicting death risk, with a sensitivity of 84.6% and a specificity of 73.4% at the cut-off value of 50, and the lowest pH value within 12 hours after admission had an area under the ROC curve of 0.746, with a sensitivity of 76.9% and a specificity of 65.8% at the cut-off value of 7.2.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Infants with PPHN requiring iNO treatment tend to have a high mortality rate. No early response to iNO, 1-minute Apgar score ≤3 points, the lowest PaO2/FiO2 value <50 within 12 hours after admission, and the lowest pH value <7.2 within 12 hours after admission are the early risk factors for death in such infants. Monitoring and evaluation of the above indicators will help to identify high-risk infants in the early stage.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Administration, Inhalation , Hypertension, Pulmonary/drug therapy , Nitric Oxide , Persistent Fetal Circulation Syndrome/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
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