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Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 511-518, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985792


Objective: To explore the development of the pancreatic surgeon technique in a high-volume center. Methods: A total of 284 cases receiving pancreatic surgery by a single surgeon from June 2015 to December 2020 were retrospectively included in this study. The clinical characteristics and perioperative medical history were extracted from the medical record system of Zhongshan Hospital,Fudan University. Among these patients,there were 140 males and 144 females with an age (M (IQR)) of 61.0 (16.8) years(range: 15 to 85 years). The "back-to-back" pancreatic- jejunal anastomosis procedure was used to anastomose the end of the pancreas stump and the jejunal wall. Thirty days after discharge,the patients were followed by outpatient follow-up or telephone interviews. The difference between categorical variables was analyzed by the Chi-square test or the CMH chi-square test. The statistical differences for the quantitative data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance or Kruskal-Wallis H test and further analyzed using the LSD test or the Nemenyi test,respectively. Results: Intraoperative blood loss in pancreaticoduodenectomy between 2015 and 2020 were 300,100(100),100(100),100(0),100(200) and 150 (200) ml,respectively. Intraoperative blood loss in distal pancreatectomy was 250 (375),100 (50),50 (65), 50 (80),50 (50),and 50 (100) ml,respectively. Intraoperative blood loss did not show statistical differences in the same operative procedure between each year. The operative time for pancreaticoduodenectomy was respectively 4.5,5.0(2.0),5.5(0.8),5.0(1.3),5.0(3.3) and 5.0(1.0) hours in each year from 2015 to 2020,no statistical differences were found between each group. The operating time of the distal pancreatectomy was 3.8 (0.9),3.0 (1.5),3.0 (1.8),2.0 (1.1),2.0 (1.5) and 3.0(2.0) hours in each year,the operating time was obviously shorter in 2018 compared to 2015 (P=0.026) and 2020 (P=0.041). The median hospital stay in 2020 for distal pancreatectomy was 3 days shorter than that in 2019. The overall incidence of postoperative pancreatic fistula gradually decreased,with a incident rate of 50.0%,36.8%,31.0%,25.9%,21.1% and 14.8% in each year. During this period,in a total of 3,6,4,2,0 and 20 cases received laparoscopic operations in each year. The incidence of clinically relevant pancreatic fistula (grade B and C) gradually decreased,the incident rates were 0,4.8%,7.1%,3.4%,4.3% and 1.4%,respectively. Two cases had postoperative abdominal bleeding and received unscheduled reoperation. The overall rate of unscheduled reoperation was 0.7%. A patient died within 30 days after the operation and the overall perioperative mortality was 0.4%. Conclusion: The surgical training of a high-volume center can ensure a high starting point in the initial stage and steady progress of pancreatic surgeons,to ensure the safety of pancreatic surgery.

Male , Female , Humans , Pancreatic Fistula/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Blood Loss, Surgical , Pancreatectomy/methods , Pancreaticoduodenectomy , Postoperative Complications , Surgeons , Postoperative Hemorrhage , Pancreatic Neoplasms/surgery
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 224-229, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300359


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of Bifidobacterium on the expression of β-defensin-2 (BD-2) in intestinal tissue of neonatal rats with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 40 rats were randomly divided into four groups: normal control, Bifidobacterium control, NEC model, and Bifidobacterium treatment, with 10 rats in each group. A rat model of NEC was induced by hypoxia, cold stimulation, and artificial feeding. The rats in the Bifidobacterium control and Bifidobacterium treatment groups were given Bifidobacterium via the gastric tube after cold stimulation once a day for three consecutive days. The morphological changes of the terminal ileum were observed under a light microscope and the intestinal injury score was determined. Immunohistochemistry and qRT-PCR were used to measure the protein and mRNA expression of BD-2 in the ileal mucosal tissue.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The NEC model group had a significantly higher intestinal injury score than the normal control, Bifidobacterium control, and Bifidobacterium treatment groups (P<0.05). The Bifidobacterium treatment group had a significantly higher intestinal injury score than the normal control and Bifidobacterium control groups (P<0.05). The mRNA and protein expression of BD-2 in the normal control group was significantly lower than in the Bifidobacterium control, NEC model, and Bifidobacterium treatment groups (P<0.05). The Bifidobacterium control group had significantly higher mRNA and protein expression of BD-2 than the NEC model and Bifidobacterium treatment groups (P<0.05). The Bifidobacterium treatment group had significantly higher mRNA and protein expression of BD-2 than the NEC model group (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Bifidobacterium can induce the expression of BD-2 in intestinal tissue of rats and reduce inflammatory response by increasing the expression of BD-2. This provides a protective effect on neonatal rats with NEC.</p>

Animals , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Rats , Bifidobacterium , Disease Models, Animal , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing , Therapeutics , Intestinal Mucosa , Metabolism , NF-kappa B , Physiology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Physiology , beta-Defensins , Genetics , Physiology
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 535-538, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350865


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics, differential diagnosis and prognosis of testicular cellular fibroma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We comprehensively analyzed the clinical presentation, histomorphology and immunohistochemistry of a case of testicular cellular fibroma, reviewed the relevant literature, and discussed its pathological features and differential diagnosis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A 30-year-old man presented with complaint of discomfort and painless enlargement in the right testis. The tumor was found to be a testicular fibroma characterized by a solid, thickly or thinly encapsulated, circumscribed and gray-white mass. Microscopically, fusiform cells were arranged into a storiform and herringbone pattern or fascicles. The tumor exhibited a great deal of cellularity and no nuclear polymorphisms, with a mitotic rate of 0-1/10 HP. Immunohistochemistry showed that the tumor cells were positive for Vimentin, patchily positive for S-100 and SMA, but negative for Desmin, alpha-inhibin, CD34 and CD99. The positive rate of Ki-67 was less than 1%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Testicular cellular fibroma is a rare testicular sex cord stromal tumor, pathologically resembling its ovarian counterpart. It can be distinguished from other testicular spindle cell tumors by morphology and immunohistochemical staining. For the treatment of testicular cellular fibroma, surgical resection often has a good prognosis.</p>

Adult , Humans , Male , Fibroma , Pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Testicular Neoplasms , Pathology