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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707030

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the uptake mechanism of HepG2.2.15 cells to the nanoparticles co-loaded with syringopicroside and hydroxytyrosol (SH-NPs). Methods The nanoparticles were prepared by using a nanoprecipitation method with mPEG-PLGA as nano-carrier co-loaded with syringopicroside and hydroxytyrosol. The uptake mechanism of HepG2.2.15 cells to SH-NPs was studied by fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry using fluoresceineisothiocyanate (FITC) as a fluorescent marker. Results With colchicine as the inhibitor, the incubation time ranged from 0.5 to 24 h, the percentage of positive cells increased from 1.9% to 56.4%; When the drug concentration was 125, 250 μg/mL and 500 μg/mL, the positive cell percentages were 4.9%, 3.4% and 3.9%. With chloroquine as the inhibitor; the incubation time ranged from 0.5 to 24 h, the percentage of positive cells increased from 7.4% to 55.4%; When the drug concentration was 125, 250 and 500 μg/mL, the percentage of positive cells was 19.5%, 22.5% and 27.6%. Conclusion Colchicine and chloroquine have an inhibitory effect on HepG2.2.15 cells uptake, and the uptake of SH-NPs in HepG2.2.15 cells was positively correlated with drug concentration and incubation time. It can be concluded that the uptake mechanism of HepG2.2.15 cells to SH-NPs was nonspecific adsorption endocytosis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301455

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the correlation between prothrombin G20210A polymorphism and the risk for idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL) using Meta-analysis methodology.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Databases, including PUBMED, EMBASE, Cochrane Library and CBM, were searched to collect the case control studies on the correlation between prothrombin G20210A polymorphism and idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss. Only high quality studies were included. All analysis were conducted with Review Manager Version 4.2 software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 9 studies were included, involving 735 cases and 1230 controls. The quality assessment involved 3 parts, 8 scores (totally 8 stars). The results showed the included studies were high-quality. Two studies were 8 stars of quality, three studies were 7 stars, one study was 6 stars, one study was 5 stars, and two studies were 4 stars. Meta-analysis showed that the prothrombin G20210A mutation frequencies of the genotypes and alleles showed significant statistically difference between cases and controls [P = 0.03, OR = 1.79, 95% CI = (1.06, 3.01); P = 0.03, OR = 1.77, 95% CI = (1.06, 2.97), respectively].</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The prothrombin G20210A polymorphism might be a genetic risk factor for sudden hearing loss. However, this conclusion remains to be confirmed by high-quality, large-scale studies.</p>


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Genotype , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural , Epidemiology , Genetics , Hearing Loss, Sudden , Epidemiology , Genetics , Humans , Polymorphism, Genetic , Prothrombin , Genetics , Metabolism , Risk Factors , Thrombophilia
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