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1.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 202-205, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698007

ABSTRACT

The thyroid–like follicular renal cell carcinoma is an extremely rare kind of kidney neoplasms with unique clinicopathological features. The definitive diagnosis relies mainly on characteristically histological morphology, immunophenotype and clinical data. A case of thyroid-like follicular renal cell carcinoma with typically morphological character was reported. The patient suffered from low back pain, frequent urination, with the renal MR showing the right renal sinus nodule.The mass was located at the lower pole of the right kidney-close to the renal portal below the renal pelvis. After receiving simple resection of the right kidney tumor, the case was diagnosed as thyroid-like follicular renal cell carcinoma by pathological examination,and no recurrence or metastasis was observed after 6-month follow up.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2427-2433, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307396

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Colorectal serrated polyp is considered as histologically heterogeneous lesions with malignant potential in western countries. However, few Asian studies have investigated the comprehensive clinical features of serrated polyps in symptomatic populations. The aim of the study was to evaluate the features of colorectal serrated polyps in a Chinese symptomatic population.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Data from all consecutive symptomatic patients were documented from a large colonoscopy database and were analyzed. Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test and logistic regression analysis were used for the data processing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 9191 (31.7%) patients were detected with at least one colorectal polyp. The prevalence of serrated polyps was 0.53% (153/28,981). The proportions of hyperplastic polyp (HP), sessile serrated adenoma/polyp (SSA/P), and traditional serrated adenoma (TSA) of all serrated polyps were 41.2%, 7.2%, and 51.6%, respectively, which showed a lower proportion of HP and SSA/P and a higher proportion of TSA. Serrated polyps appeared more in males and elder patients while there was no significant difference in the subtype distribution in gender and age. The proportions of large and proximal serrated polyps were 13.7% (21/153) and 46.4% (71/153), respectively. In total, 98.9% (89/90) serrated adenomas were found with dysplasia. Moreover, 14 patients with serrated polyps were found with synchronous advanced colorectal neoplasia, and large serrated polyps (LSPs) (odds ratio: 3.446, 95% confidence interval: 1.010-11.750, P < 0.05), especially large HPs, might have an association with synchronous advanced neoplasia (AN).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The overall detection rate of colorectal serrated polyps in Chinese symptomatic patient population was low, and distribution pattern of three subtypes is different from previous reports. Moreover, LSPs, especially large HPs, might be associated with an increased risk of synchronous AN.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Age Distribution , Aged , Chi-Square Distribution , Colonic Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Colonoscopy , Colorectal Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Prevalence
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329821

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine the effects of bisphenol-A (BPA) on blastocyst development and implantation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>According to completely randomized grouping method, 90 pregnant mice were divided into 100, 300, and 600 mg/(kg·d)BPA groups and control group. BPA-treated pregnant mice were orally administered with BPA at concentrations of 100, 300 and 600 mg/(kg·d) from day 0.5 to day 3.5 of their pregnancy. Blastocyst implantation and development were studied.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the 300 mg/(kg·d) BPA group, the number of implantation sites and implantation rate were significantly decreased. In the 600 mg/(kg·d) group, no implantation sites were observed among pregnant mice and BPA inhibited embryo implantation. Blastocyst development on day 4 was examined, and findings showed that the development rate and total numbers of blastocysts in BPA treatment groups had no significant difference from the control group. However, BPA at 300 and 600 mg/(kg·d) significantly reduced blastocyst hatching rate and dramatically increased the number of blastocyst apoptotic cells when compared with those in the control group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>BPA at a high concentration damages the blastocyst development before implantation and inhibits embryo implantation.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Benzhydryl Compounds , Pharmacology , Blastocyst , Embryo Implantation , Female , Male , Mice , Phenols , Pharmacology , Pregnancy
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349711

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the expression of microRNA-21 and its correlation with PTEN in diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) paraffin-embedded tissues, and evaluate its potential relevance with clinical characteristics. The expression levels of miR-21 in 26 primary DLBCL and 10 normal lymph node tissue specimens were examined by real-time polymerase chain reaction. The expression of PTEN was detected by immunohistochemical staining. The results indicated that the expression of miR-21 was significantly higher in tumor tissues [6.586(1.10,38.22)] than that in normal tissues [0.791 (0.35,2.87)] (P < 0.05). Among 26 patients with DLBCL the expression of PTEN protein was positive in 6 patients (23%), and was negative in 20 patients (77%). In patients with DLBCL, the expression level of miR-21 was negatively correlated with the level of PTEN protein. The high expression of miR-21 was positively correlated with the level of serum LDH. The expression level of miR-21 in patients with Ann Arbor III-IV stage was obviously higher than that of patients with Ann Arbor I-II stage, but did not correlate with the subtype of patients in clinic (P > 0.05). It is concluded that the expression of miR-21 is high in DLBCL and its overexpression may be related with poor prognosis of DLCBL. These findings suggest that PTEN is possibly one of the targets of miR-21 in DLBCL.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , MicroRNAs , Metabolism , Middle Aged , PTEN Phosphohydrolase , Metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636025

ABSTRACT

Background A main cause of visual impairment in proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) is vitreous hemorrhage and retinal detachment due to contraction of fibrovascular membrane.To explore the pathogenic mechanism of fibrovascular membrane is a new target for the prevention and management of PDR.Objective This study was to determine the change in expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF),connective tissue growth factor(CTGF) and pigment epithelium derived factor(PEDF) in the proliferative membranes of patients with PDR after intravitreal injection of avastin,an anti-VEGF agent.Methods This study was approved by the Medical Ethic Committee of Tianjin Medical College,and written informed consent was obtained from each patient before enrollment.A prospective randomized-controlled study was designed.Twenty-six eyes of 24 patients with PDR scheduled for surgery were enrolled from January to June,2008 in Tianjin Medical College Eye Hospital.The patients were randomized into the simple vitrectomy group and avastin injection combined with vitrectomy group,with matched gender,age and disease duration.1.25 mg (0.05 ml) of avastin was intravitreally injected prior to surgery,and vitrectomy was performed 10 days after injection in the avastin injection combined with vitrectomy group,and only vitrectomy was given in the simple vitrectomy group.Preretinal membrane was collected during the surgery.Expression of VEGF,CTGF and PEDF in the preretinal membranes was assayed by immunochemistry.Results VEGF,CTGF and PEDF were expressed in the cytoplasm.The rate of VEGF expression in the preretinal membranes was 30.77% in the avastin injection combined with vitrectomy group,showing a significant reduction in comparison with the simple vitrectomy group(100.00%)(U =4.000,P<0.01).The rate of expression CTGF was remarkable elevated in the avastin injection combined with vitrectomy group compared with the simple vitrectomy group (92.31% vs.62.54%)(U=7.500,P=0.048).However,no significant difference was found in the expression rate of PEDF between the two groups(100.00% vs.92.31%) (U =65.500,P =0.299).Conclusions The results suggest that intravitreal injection of anti-VEGF drugs resulted in the decrease of VEGF expression and increased CTGF expression in proliferative membranes from patients with PDR.

6.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 767-770, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-293486

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the mutation in mitochondrial DNA displacement-loop (mtDNA D-loop) region in oncocytoma and its relationship with tumorigenesis and tumor development.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The mtDNA D-Loop region of 20 thyroid or renal oncocytomas and the adjacent normal tissues were amplified by PCR, and then sequenced. Five human fetal renal tissues were collected as matched controls.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 20 oncocytomas, 21 mutations which focused on hypervariable region I (HVI) were found in 7 tumor tissues and 1 normal tissue with the mutation rates of 35% and 5%, respectively. At the same time, 191 polymorphisms were found in the 20 cases.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>mtDNA D-loop region, especially HV I, is the mutational hotspot of oncocytomas, which may be closely related with mtDNA duplicating rate and the function of mitochondria.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenoma, Oxyphilic , Genetics , Base Sequence , DNA Mutational Analysis , DNA, Mitochondrial , Genetics , Female , Humans , Kidney Neoplasms , Genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Mitochondria , Genetics , Mutation , Polymorphism, Genetic , Thyroid Neoplasms , Genetics
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