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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694538

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of this study was to analyze the HCV seroprevalence in the general population visiting the Second Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University. Methods Between January 2013 and December 2015, a total of 160, 239 subjects were screened for the presence of anti-HCV antibodies in blood serum. Anti-HCV antibodies in serum samples were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) . The results of anti-HCV were analyzed in the features of year, sex and age. Results The HCV seroprevalence in the general population from 2013 to 2015 was 1.11% , 1.04% and 0.91% , respectively, which was significantly higher in men than in women (1.30% vs. 0.91%,P<0.05) . The highest HCV seroprevalence occurred in aged 31-65 years. Conclusions The analysis of the data suggests that the features of HCV-positive including year, sex and age could be beneficial for formulating scientific strategy and intervention measures of HCV infection and liver cirrhosis, liver failure and hepatocellular carcinoma caused by HCV in Kunming.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333613

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of interleukin-27 (IL-27) and its receptor (WSX-1) on the proliferation, transformation and collagen synthesis of the mouse lung fibroblasts.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Cultured mouse lung fibroblasts were treated with TGF-β1, recombinant murine IL-27, a IL-27 receptor (IL-27R) overexpression vector IL-27R/pCDNA3.1, IL-27 and IL-27R, or all the 3 combined. MTT assay was used to assess the proliferation of the cells, and RT-PCR and Western blotting were employed to examine the mRNA and protein expressions of a-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and types I and III collagen; immunofluorescence assay was used to test the expression and location of α-SMA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>TGF-β1 promoted the cell proliferation and obviously enhanced α-SMA expression and types I and III collagen synthesis in the fibroblasts. Both IL-27 and IL-27R significantly inhibited the proliferation of the pulmonary fibroblasts and obviously decreased their α-SMA expression and types I and III collagen synthesis, but when combined,they produced no obvious inhibitory effect on TGF-1-induced proliferation and transformation of pulmonary fibroblasts.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Both IL-27 and IL-27R alone can suppress the proliferation, transformation, and collagen synthesis of mouse pulmonary fibroblasts, but their combined treatment produces no such inhibitory effect because of the neutralization of exogenous IL-27 by IL-27R to result in the failure of activating the cell signaling pathways.</p>


Subject(s)
Actins , Metabolism , Animals , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Collagen Type I , Metabolism , Collagen Type III , Metabolism , Fibroblasts , Cell Biology , Interleukins , Pharmacology , Lung , Cell Biology , Mice , RNA, Messenger , Receptors, Cytokine , Metabolism , Recombinant Proteins , Pharmacology , Signal Transduction , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Pharmacology
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267615

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of intravenous bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation for early intervention of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in mice.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-six mice were randomized into control group, PBS-treated ALI group, and MSC-treated ALI group. In the latter two groups, mouse models of ALI were established by intranasal instillation of LPS, and 1 h later, the 4th passage of MSCs isolated from the bone marrow of mice or PBS were administered via the tail vein. The histological findings, lung wet/dry (W/D) weight ratio, neutrophil count and protein and cytokine contents in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), and myeloperoxidase (MPO) level in the lung tissue were analyzed at 24 h after MSC administration. Engraftment of MSCs in the recipient lung was determined by fluorescent PKH26 staining and flow cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group, PBS-treated ALI group showed significantly higher protein levels, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and neutrophil count in the BALF and MPO content in the lung tissue, with also severe damage of lung histology. MSCs administration significantly reduced the lung W/D weight ratio, the levels of protein, TNF-α, IL-6 and neutrophil count in the BALF and MPO content in the lung tissue, and obviously lessened the lung injury 24 h after the transplantation. MSC administration also significantly increased the level of IL-10 in the BALF.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Intravenous MSC transplantation can effectively improve the lung histology, attenuate the inflammatory response, reduce pulmonary edema in the early stage of LPS-induced ALI in mice, and such effects are independent of MSC engraftment in the lungs.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Lung Injury , Therapeutics , Animals , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Chemistry , Cytokines , Metabolism , Female , Lipopolysaccharides , Lung , Metabolism , Male , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mice , Peroxidase , Metabolism
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-285022

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the association between the polymorphism of HLA-DRB1 alleles and type 2 diabetes mellitus in Yi nationality of Yunnan.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific primers (PCR-SSP) genotyping method was conducted in 79 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and 47 ethnically matched controls in Yi Nationality Autonomous Prefecture, Chuxiong.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>HLA-DR7 and DR11 allele frequencies in type 2 diabetic mellitus patients were significantly higher than those in non-diabetic control subjects respectively(P is 0.009, RR is 8.329;P is 0.029, RR is 7.734).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>DR7 and DR11 alleles are probably susceptible genes of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Yunnan Yi nationality.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Alleles , Base Sequence , China , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Genetics , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genetics , HLA-DR Antigens , Genetics , HLA-DRB1 Chains , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Molecular Sequence Data , Sequence Analysis, DNA
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279963

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the association between the polymorphism of HLA-DQA1 alleles and type 2 diabetes in Yi nationality of Yunnan.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Polymerase chain reaction with sequence-specific primers (PCR-SSP) genotyping method was conducted in 58 ethnic Yi patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and 82 ethnically matched controls from Chuxiong of Yunnan. Then a study was made on the association between the polymorphism of HLA-DQA1 alleles and type 2 diabetes mellitus.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The frequency of HLA-DQA1*0301 allele in the patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus was significantly higher than that in the healthy controls (P=0.002, RR=3.097), and the frequency of HLA-DQA1*0601 in the patients was significantly lower (P=0.025, RR=0.429).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In Yi nationality of Yunnan, HLA-DQA1*0301 allele may be a susceptible gene and the HLA-DQA1*0601 allele may protect individuals from the risk of diabetes mellitus.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , China , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Genetics , Female , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genetics , HLA-DQ Antigens , Genetics , HLA-DQ alpha-Chains , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Genetic
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328893

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the association between the polymorphism of HLA-DQA1 alleles and type 2 diabetes mellitus in Yunnan Hans.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific primers(PCR-SSP) genotyping method was conducted in 108 Han patients with type 2 diabetes and 56 ethnically matched controls from the same area of Yunnan Province.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>HLA-DQA1*0301(RR=3.092, P<0.01) and DQA1*0501 (RR=3.257, P<0.05) allelic frequencies in type 2 diabetic patients were significantly higher than those in non-diabetic control subjects respectively. HLA-DQA1*0401 (RR=0.371, P<0.01) allelic frequencies in patients were significantly decreased, compared with controls; HLA-DQA1*0302 (RR=3.356, P<0.01) allelic frequencies in patients with type 2 diabetic nephropathy were significantly increased.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HLA-DQA1*0301 and DQA1*0501 are susceptible genes of type 2 diabetes in Yunnan Han nationality; in reverse, HLA-DQA1*0401 is a resistant gene. HLA-DQA1*0302 is a susceptible gene of type 2 diabetic nephropathy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Alleles , China , Ethnology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Genetics , Female , HLA-DQ Antigens , Genetics , HLA-DQ alpha-Chains , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Genetic
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