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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879097


Based on the target occupancy mathematical model, the binding kinetic process of potential active ingredients of lowering uric acid in Chrysanthemum morifolium with xanthine oxidase(XOD) was evaluated. The potential active ingredients of lowering uric acid in Ch. morifolium were screened by UPLC-Q-Exactivems MS technology, reference substance identification and in vitro enzymatic kinetics experiments. The binding kinetic parameters of xanthine oxidase and potential inhibitor in Ch. morifolium were determined by surface plasma resonance(SPR). The verified mathematical model of the XOD target occupancy evaluated the kinetic binding process of inhibitors and xanthine oxidase in vivo. According to UPLC-Q-Exactive MS and reference substance identification, 39 potential uric acid-lowering active ingredients in Ch. morifolium extracts were identified and the inhibitory activities of 23 compounds were determined. Three potential xanthine oxidase inhibitors were screened, namely genistein, luteolin, and apigenin. whose IC_(50 )were 1.23, 1.47 and 1.59 μmol·L~(-1), respectively. And the binding rate constants(K_(on)) were 1.26×10~6, 5.23×10~5 and 6.36×10~5 mol·L~(-1)·s~(-1), respectively. The dissociation rate constants(K_(off)) were 10.93×10~(-2), 1.59×10~(-2), and 5.3×10~(-2 )s~(-1), respectively. After evaluation by different administration methods, the three selected compounds can perform rapid and sustained inhibition of xanthine oxidase in vivo under combined administration. This study comprehensively evaluated the target occupancy process of three effective components in different ways of administration in vivo by UPLC-MS, concentration-response method, SPR technology and xanthine oxidase target occupancy model, which would provide a new research idea and method for screening active ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine.

Chromatography, Liquid , Chrysanthemum , Flavonoids , Kinetics , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Xanthine Oxidase/metabolism
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320880


The information of drug deposition in the intestine is required in the study for the drug absorption in biopharmaceutics classification system (BCS). To illustrate the impacts of gut wall metabolism on the absorption, metabolism of multiple components in Chuanxiong Rhizoma in gut wall was tested by rat S9 incubation in vitro. The chemical fingerprint technology was used in this study to simultaneously detect multiple components in Chuanxiong, and peak areas before and after S9 incubation were compared. The results showed that senkyunolide I and several constituents were metabolized by gut wall, and one new metabolite was founded. However, ferulic acid and other compounds remained unchanged after incubation. Therefore, the subsequent intestinal permeability of multiple components in Chuanxiong that were not metabolized in the intestine was suggested to be detected directly by in situ single-pass intestinal perfusion (SPIP).Nonetheless, the intestinal permeability of the constituents that were metabolized in the intestine shall be explored by appropriate approaches.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341792


The complex level of constructing biopharmaceutics classification system of Chinese materia medica CMMBCS) was the study of traditional Chinese compound, on the premise of insisting that the multicomponent simultaneous determination, when carrying out the study of intestinal permeability, the primary task was to define the source of the components that was absorbed through the intestinal wall, namely, which medicinal material the components belonged to in traditional Chinese compound. The technology of chemical fingerprint and in vitro everted gut sac model were used in this research to make multicomponent an intuitive source attribution which permeated the intestine in the classic formula Gegen Qinlian decoction, and to lay the foundation for the further qualitative and quantitative research of intestinal permeability.

Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacokinetics , Intestines , Metabolism , Male , Permeability , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Rats , Rats, Wistar
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341790


To illustrate the solubility involved in biopharmaceutics classification system of Chinese materia medica (CMMBCS) , the influences of artificial multicomponent environment on solubility were investigated in this study. Mathematical model was built to describe the variation trend of their influence on the solubility of puerarin. Carried out with progressive levels, single component environment: baicalin, berberine and glycyrrhizic acid; double-component environment: baicalin and glycyrrhizic acid, baicalin and berberine and glycyrrhizic acid and berberine; and treble-component environment: baicalin, berberin, glycyrrhizic acid were used to describe the variation tendency of their influences on the solubility of puerarin, respectively. And then, the mathematical regression equation model was established to characterize the solubility of puerarin under multicomponent environment.

Berberine , Chemistry , Biopharmaceutics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Flavonoids , Chemistry , Glycyrrhizic Acid , Chemistry , Isoflavones , Chemistry , Materia Medica , Chemistry , Solubility