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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878962

ABSTRACT

This study is to provide the basis of establishing a quality evaluation system, based on the differences in appearance and internal components of Astragali Radix from different sources. The diameter of 18 batches of Astragali Radix, the content of alcohol(water) extract and 7 kinds of flavonoids were determined. The peak area ratio of flavonoid aglycon to aglycone was calculated. PCA and CA were carried out by synthesizing various indexes. The results of PCA and CA showed that Astragali Radix was obviously clustered into three types. Alcohol extract, formononetin/formosan glycosides,(pilose isoflavones+astragalus flavonoid A)/pilose isoflavone glucoside are the most significant differences in the variable importance projection index(VIP) of Astragali Radix. Combining the diameter, alcohol(water) extract, flavonoid aglycon to aglycone peak area ratio can provide an analysis method for the establishment of the grade evaluation system of Astragali Radix.


Subject(s)
Astragalus Plant , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Glucosides , Glycosides , Plant Roots
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773643

ABSTRACT

Metastasis is responsible for the majority of cancer-related deaths and prevention of metastasis remains a big challenge for cancer therapy. Cucurbitacin B (Cuc B) is a natural triterpenoid with potent anticancer activities while its effect on metastasis remains unclear. In the present study, the inhibitory effect and mechanisms of Cuc B on metastasis were investigated in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. The cells were treated with or without Cuc B, and the cytotoxicity was determined by MTT assay. The effect of Cuc B on metastasis was evaluated with wound healing, transwell, and adhesion assays. Furthermore, the adhesion of cancer cells to endothelial cells was determined. The protein expression was determined by Western blotting. Cuc B (< 100 nmol·L) showed no obvious cytotoxicity to MDA-MB-231 cells, but significantly inhibited migration, invasion, and adhesion to Matrigel, fibronectin, type I collagen, and endothelial cells. Cuc B dramatically inhibited the phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and paxillin in dose- and time-dependent manners. Furthermore, Cuc B induced intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, which could be reduced by N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC). In addition, NAC pretreatment could reverse Cuc B-induced suppression of migration and adhesion, expression of FAK, but showed no effect on paxillin expression. In summary, Cuc B suppressed ROS-dependent metastasis through FAK pathway in breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells, demonstrating novel mechanisms for the anticancer effects of Cuc B.


Subject(s)
Acetylcysteine , Pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Breast Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Adhesion , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Collagen Type I , Metabolism , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Down-Regulation , Female , Fibronectins , Metabolism , Focal Adhesion Kinase 1 , Metabolism , Humans , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Pathology , Neoplasm Metastasis , Pathology , Paxillin , Metabolism , Phosphorylation , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism , Triterpenes , Chemistry , Pharmacology
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812433

ABSTRACT

Metastasis is responsible for the majority of cancer-related deaths and prevention of metastasis remains a big challenge for cancer therapy. Cucurbitacin B (Cuc B) is a natural triterpenoid with potent anticancer activities while its effect on metastasis remains unclear. In the present study, the inhibitory effect and mechanisms of Cuc B on metastasis were investigated in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. The cells were treated with or without Cuc B, and the cytotoxicity was determined by MTT assay. The effect of Cuc B on metastasis was evaluated with wound healing, transwell, and adhesion assays. Furthermore, the adhesion of cancer cells to endothelial cells was determined. The protein expression was determined by Western blotting. Cuc B (< 100 nmol·L) showed no obvious cytotoxicity to MDA-MB-231 cells, but significantly inhibited migration, invasion, and adhesion to Matrigel, fibronectin, type I collagen, and endothelial cells. Cuc B dramatically inhibited the phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and paxillin in dose- and time-dependent manners. Furthermore, Cuc B induced intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, which could be reduced by N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC). In addition, NAC pretreatment could reverse Cuc B-induced suppression of migration and adhesion, expression of FAK, but showed no effect on paxillin expression. In summary, Cuc B suppressed ROS-dependent metastasis through FAK pathway in breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells, demonstrating novel mechanisms for the anticancer effects of Cuc B.


Subject(s)
Acetylcysteine , Pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Breast Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Adhesion , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Collagen Type I , Metabolism , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Down-Regulation , Female , Fibronectins , Metabolism , Focal Adhesion Kinase 1 , Metabolism , Humans , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Pathology , Neoplasm Metastasis , Pathology , Paxillin , Metabolism , Phosphorylation , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism , Triterpenes , Chemistry , Pharmacology
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687250

ABSTRACT

The present study is to develop an HPLC-ELSD method for simultaneous determination of three pairs of triterpenoid isomers, Ilexsaponin A₁, Ilexhainanoside D, Ilexgenin A, 3β, 19α-dihydroxyolean-12-ene-24, 28-dioic acid (ilexhainanin E) ursolic acid and oleanic acid in the leaf of Ilex hainanensis, which could provide evidence to the quality control of this herb. The six constituents were measured on a Waters XBridge C₁₈ column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm), with a mobile phase consisting of methanol (A)- 0.5% formic acid in water (B) at a flow rate of 1.0 mL·min⁻¹ (0-18 min,70%-85% A,18-20 min,85%-95% A;20-35 min,95% A). The carrier gas was N₂, and the pressure was 2.8 L·min⁻¹. The drift tube in this experiment were set at 70 °C. The injection volume was 10 μL. The contents of the six triterpenoids in 6 samples were 3.7-8.5, 10.3 -22.1, 2.8-5.9, 7.8-14.1, 2.6-3.8 and 8.8-11.9 mg·g⁻¹, respectively. The established method is proved to be accurate and sensitive for the determination of triterpenoids in Ilicis Hainanensis Folium, and may be used for the quality improvement of this herb.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812098

ABSTRACT

Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been implicated in tumor invasion and metastasis and provides novel strategies for cancer therapy. Hypaconitine (HpA), a diester-diterpenoid alkaloid isolated from the root of the Aconitum species, exhibits anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and especially, cardiotoxic activities. Here, we reported the anti-metastatic potentials of HpA in transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1)-induced EMT in lung cancer A549 cells. The cytotoxic effect of HpA was determined by MTT assay. A549 cells were treated with TGF-β1 with or without HpA co-treatment, and the morphological alterations were observed with a microscopy. The expression of E-cadherin, N-cadherin, and NF-κB was determined by both Western blotting and immunofluorescence analyses. The adhesion, migration, and invasion were detected with Matrigel, wound-healing, and transwell assays, respectively. The expression of Snail was determined by Western blotting. The expression of NF-κB p65, IκBα, and p-IκBα in nuclear and cytosolic extracts was assessed by Western blotting. The results showed that low concentration of HpA (<16 μmol·L) had no obvious cytotoxicity to A549 cells. Morphologically, TGF-β1 treatment induced spindle-shaped alteration in the cells. The upregulation of N-cadherin, NF-κB, and Snail and the downregulation of E-cadherin were detected after TGF-β1 treatment. The adhesion, migration and invasion abilities were also increased by TGF-β1. Besides, TGF-β1 induced expression of Snail in a time-dependent manner. Furthermore, TGF-β1 induced nuclear translocation of NF-κB p65. All these alterations were dramatically inhibited by HpA co-treatment. In addition, the NF-κB inhibitor PDTC showed similar inhibitory effect. In conclusion, these results showed that HpA inhibited TGF-β1-induced EMT in A549 cells, which was possibly mediated by the inactivation of the NF-κB signaling pathway, providing an evidence for anti-cancer effect of HpA.


Subject(s)
A549 Cells , Aconitine , Pharmacology , Active Transport, Cell Nucleus , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Cadherins , Cell Adhesion , Cell Movement , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Humans , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Physiology
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307085

ABSTRACT

This study is to determine five naphthaquinones (acetylshikonin, β-acetoxyisovalerylalkannin, isobutylshikonin, β,β'-dimethylacrylalkannin,α-methyl-n-butylshikonin) by quantitative analysis of multi-components with a single marker (QAMS). β,β'-Dimethylacrylalkannin was selected as the internal reference substance, and the relative correlation factors (RCFs) of acetylshikonin, β-acetoxyisovalerylalkannin, isobutylshikonin and α-methyl-n-butylshikonin were calculated. Then the ruggedness of relative correction factors was tested on different instruments and columns. Meanwhile, 16 batches of Arnebia euchroma were analyzed by external standard method (ESM) and QAMS, respectively. The peaks were identifited by LC-MS. The ruggedness of relative correction factors was good. And the analytical results calculated by ESM and QAMS showed no difference. The quantitative method established was feasible and suitable for the quality evaluation of A. euchroma.

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