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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888072

ABSTRACT

Eleven condensed tannins were isolated from the roots of Indigofera stachyodes by various column chromatography techniques including silica gel, octadecyl silica(ODS), Sephadex LH-20, and semi-preparative high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC). These compounds were identified on the basis of physicochemical properties, nuclear magnetic resonance(NMR) and mass spectrometry(MS) data as stachyotannin A(1), epicatechin-(2β→O→7,4β→8)-epiafzelechin-(4β→8)-catechin(2), cinnamtannin D1(3), cinnamtannin B1(4), epicatechin-(2β→O→7,4β→8)-epiafzelechin-(4α→8)-epicatechin(5), gambiriin C(6), proanthocyanidin A1(7), proanthocyanidin A2(8), aesculitannin B(9), proanthocyanidin A4(10), and procyanidin B5(11). Compound 1 is a new compound. Compounds 2-11 were isolated from Indigofera for the first time. Furthermore, compounds 1, 2, and 4-11 showed inhibitory effects on thrombin-induced ATP release in platelets.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Indigofera , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Plant Extracts , Proanthocyanidins
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827933

ABSTRACT

Two new phenylpropanoid amide glycosides and ten analogues were isolated from the CH_2Cl_2 layer of 95% ethanol extract of the whole plants of Corydalis racemosa by using various chromatographic techniques, including silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, ODS column chromatographies, and semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were identified on the basis of physicochemical properties, MS, NMR, and IR spectroscopic data as N-cis-sinapoyltyramine-4'-O-β-glucoside(1), N-cis-sinapoyl-3-methoxytyramine-4'-O-β-glucoside(2), N-cis-sinapoyltyramine(3), N-cis-feruloyltyramine(4), N-trans-cinnamoyltyramine(5), N-trans-feruloylphenethylamine(6), N-trans-p-methoxycinnamoyl-3-hydoxyoctopamine(7), N-cis-feruloyl-3-methoxytyramine(8), N-trans-feruloyltyramine(9), N-trans-feruloyl-3-methoxytyramine(10), N-trans-sinapoyltyramine(11), and N-trans-p-coumaroyltyramine(12). Compounds 1 and 2 are new compounds. Compounds 3-7 are obtained from the plants of Papaveraceae for the first time, and compounds 8-12 are firstly isolated from C. racemosa.


Subject(s)
Amides , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Corydalis , Glucosides , Glycosides
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872762

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study intends to study the regulatory effect and mechanism of the effective components of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and Carthami Flos on inflammatory factors related to cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats through multiple levels of neuropathology, molecular neurobiology and functional behavior. Method:The 32 male rats were randomly divided into four groups: sham group, model group, Danhong components compatibility group(720 mg·kg-1), nimodipine (0.5 mg·kg-1)groups,each group of eight male rats.Cerebral ischemia was established by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) approach. The treatment was performed immediately and at 6 hour after MCAO.Hematoxylin-eosin (HE)staining was used to check the changes of brain histopathology, immunohistochemistry and Real time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) were used to check the expression of IL-1β and Nrf2 in brain tissue,Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of Nrf2 in brain tissue. The aim is to investigate the treatment mechanism of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and Carthami Flos components in a rat model of cerebral ischemic-reperfusion injury. Result:HE staining results showed, compared with sham group, the surviving neurons amount in the model group was significantly reduced(P<0.01),compared with the MCAO group,the number of surviving neurons in the brain tissue of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and Carthami Flos component compatibility group and nimodipine group was significantly increased(P<0.05,P<0.01).The results of immunohistochemistry and Real-time PCR showed that,compared with normal group,IL-1β and Nrf2 expression in model group were significantly increased (P<0.01),compared with MCAO group, the expression of IL-1β and Nrf2 in Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and Carthami Flos component compatibility group and the nimodipine group was significantly decreased (P<0.05,P<0.01). Western blot results showed that, compared with sham group, Nrf2 positive expression in model group was much more increased (P<0.01), compared with MCAO group, the expression of Nrf2 in Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and Carthami Flos component compatibility group and the nimodipine group was significantly decreased (P<0.01). Conclusion:The combination of effective components of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and Carthami Flos can significantly down-regulate the expression of IL-1β and Nrf2 proteins.The mechanism is to activate the protein expression of inflammatory pathways, reduce the apoptosis of nerve cells, and finally inhibit the inflammatory response in the process of ischemic stroke injury.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-671324

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of high-dose dobutamine stress echocardiography combined with two-dimensional strain imaging in early diagnosis of coronary artery disease. Methods Highdose dobutamine stress echocardiography was performed to 28 patients with suspected coronary artery disease. All wall movements were observed during resting condition and at all stress levels,respectively;the peak systolic longitudinal strain in each endomyocardial segment of left ventricular was measured; the sensitivity and specificity between visual method and two-dimensional strain imaging in diagnosing myocardial ischemia with high-dose dobutamine stress echocardiography were compared. The average peak systolic longitudinal strain was calculated against control group, coronary artery disease group during ischemia segments and non-ischemia segments, and a comparison was made inside each group as well as against the other groups. The area under receiver operating characteristic curve of the peak systolic longitudinal strain was used to predict the sensitivity and the specificity of myocardial ischemia. Results With dobutamine dose of 40 μg·kg-1 · min-1 ,wall motion abnormalities were diagnosed in 6 patients (20 segments) through visual method, myocardial ischemia was found in 15 patients (148 segments) through computing the peak systolic longitudinal strain. Inside the coronary artery disease group during ischemic segments,the majority of peak systolic longitudinal strain was significantly reduced ( P<0.05) compared to the non-ischemic segments and the control group. In diagnosing myocardial ischemia in high-dose dobutamine stress echocardiography, the sensitivity of visual method and two-dimensional strain imaging were 35.3% and 88.2%(P<0.01), specificity 100% and 100%(P>0.05), and accuracy 60.7% and 92.8% (P<0.01). The cutoff value of the peak systolic longitudinal strain was less than or equal to 14.9%, its sensitivity and specificity in predicting myocardial ischemia were 83.3% and 91.7%,respectively. Conclusions High-dose dobutamine stress echocardiography combined with two-dimensional strain imaging can increase the sensitivity of detecting myocardial ischemia and detect concealed myocardial ischemia. High-dose dobutamine stress echocardiography combined with two-dimensional strain imaging can be used in early diagnosis of coronary artery disease.

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