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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905961

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the acute toxicities and hepatotoxicities of aqueous extracts of Taxilli Herba from <italic>Morus alba</italic>, <italic>Toxicodendron</italic> <italic>trichocarpum</italic>, <italic>Camellia oleifera</italic>, <italic>Salix babylonica</italic>, <italic>Melia azedarach</italic>, and <italic>Nerium indicum</italic> against zebrafish model and the effect of different hosts on the toxicity of Taxilli Herba, hoping to provide a theoretical basis for the safe use of Taxilli Herba. Method:The normally developed AB zebrafish at 3-day post fertilization was selected for acute toxicity study. According to the results of preliminary toxicity experiments, the zebrafishes were treated with aqueous extracts of Taxilli Herba from different hosts at six doses, and their mortality was calculated 72 h later. GraphPad Prism 6.0 was used for plotting the dose-toxicity curve, followed by the calculation of their median lethal concentration (LC<sub>50</sub>) and 10% lethal concentration (LC<sub>10</sub>). The gz15Tg/+(AB) liver fluorescent protein transgenic zebrafish with normal development at 4-day post fertilization was applied for the hepatotoxicity study. The zebrafishes were divided into the low-, medium-, and high-dose groups of aqueous extracts of Taxilli Herba from six hosts, the positive control (acetaminophen) group, and the blank (embryo amniotic fluid) group, and then treated with the corresponding drugs. Seventy-two hours later, the liver morphology and fluorescent area changes in zebrafish were observed. And the activities of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) were detected. Result:The results of acute toxicity test demonstrated that the LC<sub>50</sub> values of water extracts of Taxilli Herba from <italic>M. alba</italic>, <italic>T.</italic> <italic>trichocarpum</italic>, <italic>C. oleifera</italic>, <italic>S. babylonica</italic>, <italic>M. azedarach</italic>, and <italic>N. indicum</italic> were 1.24, 0.94, 0.51, 0.38, 0.11, 0.09 g·L<sup>-1</sup>, respectively, and the LC<sub>10</sub> values were 0.70, 0.60, 0.35, 0.28, 0.08, 0.07 g·L<sup>-1</sup>, respectively. As revealed by hepatotoxicity test, compared with the blank group, the positive control group exhibited liver morphological changes, decreased fluorescent area (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and elevated ALT and AST activities (<italic>P</italic>< 0.01), suggesting that acetaminophen was hepatotoxic to zebrafish. However, there was no change in the liver morphology or fluorescent area of zebrafish in the low-, medium-, and high-dose groups of water extracts of Taxilli Herba from <italic>M. alba</italic>, and the ALT and AST activities were decreased. By contrast, the liver morphology and fluorescent areas in the medium- and high-dose groups of water extracts of Taxilli Herba from <italic>T.</italic> <italic>trichocarpum</italic>, <italic>C. oleifera</italic>, <italic>S. babylonica</italic>, <italic>M. azedarach</italic>, and <italic>N. indicum</italic> changed to varying degrees (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Besides, the activities of both ALT and AST were also enhanced. These indicated that Taxilli Herba from <italic>M. alba</italic> had no hepatotoxicity to zebrafish, while that from <italic>T.</italic> <italic>trichocarpum</italic>, <italic>C. oleifera</italic>, <italic>S. babylonica</italic>, <italic>M. azedarach</italic>, and <italic>N. indicum</italic> showed varying degrees of hepatotoxicity to zebrafish. Conclusion:The toxicity of Taxilli Herba is host-dependent. Taxilli Herba from <italic>M. alba</italic> has no hepatotoxicity, but that from the other five hosts shows varying degrees of hepatotoxicity. Standardizing the host source may be an important measure to realize the medication safety of Taxilli Herba.

2.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 446-449, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307366

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the H. pylori and Epstein-Barr virus infection in cardiac and distal gastric adenocarcinoma tissues in residents in Cixian county, a high risk area of esophageal cancer in Hebei province, and to explore the putative role of H. pylori and Epstein-Barr virus infection in the carcinogenesis of adenocarcinoma at different subsites of stomach.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>H. pylori and Epstein-Barr virus latent membrane protein 1 (EBV-LMP1) immunopositivities were determined by Elivision(TM) plus immunohistochemical staining in 190 gastric adenocarcinoma tissues including 144 cases of cardiac adenocarcinoma and 46 cases of distal gastric adenocarcinoma. The relationship between H. pylori and Epstein-Barr virus infection and the subsite, Laurén type as well as other clinicopathological features of gastric adenocarcinoma were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No significant difference was found between the H. pylori detection rates in cardiac and distal gastric adenocarcinomas(56.9% vs. 65.2%, P > 0.05). The detection rate of H. pylori in intestinal type was significantly higher than that in the diffuse type distal gastric adenocarcinomas (71.8% vs. 28.6%, P < 0.05). No positive expression of EBV-LMP1 was found in the gastric adenocarcinomas in this study.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>No significant differences in H. pylori and EBV-LMP1 infections were found between cardiac and distal gastric adenocarcinomas in Cixian county. H. pylori infection is related with the intestinal type of distal gastric adenocarcinoma.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Microbiology , Pathology , Virology , Aged , Cardia , China , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Pathology , Female , Helicobacter Infections , Pathology , Helicobacter pylori , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Stomach Neoplasms , Microbiology , Pathology , Virology , Viral Matrix Proteins , Metabolism
3.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 671-675, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-293529

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the possible role of JNK1, Raf-1 and Livin in the carcinogenesis of sporadic colorectal tubular adenoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the expression of JNK1, Raf-1 and Livin proteins in 65 sporadic colorectal tubular adenomas with dysplasia of varying degrees and 22 colorectal tubular adenoma with cancerous area.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In normal colorectal mucosa, colorectal tubular adenoma with dysplasia and colorectal tubular adenoma with cancerous area, the positive rate of JNK1, Raf-1 and Livin expression was increased gradually. The positive expression of JNK1, Raf-1 and Livin was all significantly higher in the cases of colorectal tubular adenoma with dysplasia or with cancerous area than that in normal colorectal mucosa (P < 0.05), and the positive expression of JNK1, Raf-1 and Livin was significantly higher in colorectal tubular adenoma with cancerous area than that in colorectal tubular adenoma with dysplasia of different degrees (P < 0.05). In the cases of colorectal tubular adenoma with dysplasia of varying degrees, the positive expression of Raf-1 was increased along with the increasing dysplasia degree of colorectal tubular adenoma (P < 0.05). Coexpression of JNK1, Raf-1 and Livin increased gradually in the carcinogenesis of sporadic colorectal tubular adenoma, while positive correlation was found among the expressions of JNK1, Raf-1 and Livin.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>JNK1, Raf-1 and Livin may be involved in the carcinogenesis of sporadic colorectal tubular adenoma.</p>


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Metabolism , Adenoma , Metabolism , Pathology , Adult , Carcinoma , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic , Colorectal Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Female , Humans , Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins , Metabolism , Intestinal Mucosa , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 8 , Metabolism , Neoplasm Proteins , Metabolism , Precancerous Conditions , Metabolism , Pathology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-raf , Metabolism
4.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 514-517, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-298562

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the possible role of STAT3 and p38 in the carcinogenesis of sporadic colorectal tubular adenoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The expression of STAT3 and p38 at protein level was studied in 107 sporadic colorectal tubular adenomas with different dysplasia (SCTA-D) or with cancerous changes (SCTA-Ca) by immunohistochemical staining method, meanwhile the expression of STAT3 at mRNA level was detected by in situ hybridization.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Immunohistochemical staining results showed that the positive expression rate of STAT3 and p38 was 12.0%, 59.0%, 91.7% and 8.0%, 47.0%, 91.7% in normal colorectal mucosa (NCM), SCTA-D and SCTA-Ca, respectively, with a statistically significant difference of STAT3 and p38 expression among the SCTA-D, SCTA-Ca and NCM (P < 0.05). The expression of STAT3 and p38 was positively correlated with the degree of dysplasia from mild to severe SCTA-D (P < 0.05). In situ hybridization results showed that the positive expression rate of STAT3 at mRNA level in NCM, SCTA-D and SCTA-Ca was 8.00%, 51.8% and 100.0%, respectively, with a statistically significant difference among these either (P < 0.05). The positive expression of STAT3 at mRNA level was not only positively correlated with the degree of dysplasia (P < 0.05), but also with the expression of p38 (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>STAT3 and p38 may be involved in the carcinogenesis of sporadic colorectal tubular adenoma.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Metabolism , Pathology , Adenoma , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic , Metabolism , Colorectal Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Intestinal Mucosa , Metabolism , Precancerous Conditions , Metabolism , Pathology , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , STAT3 Transcription Factor , Genetics , Metabolism , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Genetics , Metabolism
5.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 372-375, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-347421

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the expression of EP-CAM, beta-catenin in the carcinogenesis of squamous cell carcinoma of uterine cervix.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The expressions of EP-CAM and beta-catenin were detected with immunohistochemical stain in 14 cases of normal cervical squamous epithelium, 32 cases of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and 38 cases of cervical invasive squamous cell carcinoma.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The over-expression rates of EP-CAM were 0, 7.1%, 20.0%, 62.5% and 55.3% for normal cervical epithelium, CINI, CINII, CINIII and carcinoma groups. The EP-CAM over-expression rates in CINIII and cervical carcinoma groups were significantly higher than those in normal epithelium and CINI groups (P < 0.001). No aberrant expression of beta-catenin was shown in normal cervical epithelium, while the aberrant expression rates of beta-catenin in CINI, CINII, CINIII and cervical carcinoma group were 28.6%, 40.0%, 62.5% and 84.2%. The aberrant expression rate of beta-catenin increased with the increase in degree of CIN and development of cervical carcinoma. The over-expression rate of EP-CAM was reversely related to the differentiation of cervical squamous cell carcinoma (P < 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>EP-CAM and beta-catenin may be involved in the carcinogenesis of squamous cell carcinoma of uterine cervix. The over-expression of EP-CAM and aberrant expression of beta-catenin may serve as markers of squamous carcinogenesis of uterine cervix.</p>


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Cadherins , Metabolism , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Metabolism , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Metabolism , Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia , Metabolism , Cervix Uteri , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Cytoskeletal Proteins , Metabolism , Disease Progression , Epithelial Cells , Metabolism , Epithelium , Metabolism , Female , Humans , Trans-Activators , Metabolism , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Metabolism , beta Catenin
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