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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906038

ABSTRACT

Paeoniae Radix Rubra is a traditional Chinese medicine commonly used in clinical practice, it is mostly wild and widely distributed in different areas of China. In addition, the plant of Paeoniae Radix Rubra also has ornamental value. Modern phytochemical researches showed that the chemical constituents of Paeoniae Radix Rubra were complex. Up to now, more than 300 chemical constituents have been found, mainly including monoterpene glycosides, triterpenoids, flavonoids, tannins, phenolic acids, saccharides, steroids, volatile oils and so on. Among them, the content of monoterpene glycosides was the highest, and the types of volatile oil were the most. Paeoniae Radix Rubra has a wide range of pharmacological effects, exerting different curative effects in multiple systems such as blood, cardiovascular, nervous and digestive system. It can protect myocardial cells and nerve cells, stabilize microcirculation, anti-endotoxin, anti-atherosclerosis, reduce pulmonary hypertension, anti-depression, protect liver, anti-gastric ulcer, anti-tumor, slow down aging, treat Parkinson's syndrome and diabetes and its complications, anti-radiation, anti-inflammatory, anti-virus and so on. Through reviewing the literature on chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of Paeoniae Radix Rubra, it was found that total glycosides and monomers such as paeoniflorin, albiflorin, benzoylpaeoniflorin and gallic acid may be the main active components of Paeoniae Radix Rubra. At present, the research on Paeoniae Radix Rubra mainly focused on monoterpene glycosides, while the research on flavonoids and volatile oil in Paeoniae Radix Rubra was less. It is suggested that research on these two components should be strengthened in the future.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777116

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To characterize the molecular mechanism underlying the antineoplastic activity of Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb. extracts (COE).@*METHODS@#The human hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells with mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) knockdown expressed (HepG2/mTOR) were constructed using molecular biological technology. In vitro, the HepG2/mTOR cells were treated with COE at various concentrations (10, 20, 40, 80, 160 and 320 µ g/mL). Cell viability was determined using 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assays. According to the half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC) value (140 mg/L), the concentrations of COE in the subsequent experiment was set to alleviate cytotoxicity. The HepG2/mTOR cells were divided into 5 groups: negative control (untreated), COE treatment groups (40, 80, 120 mg/L COE) and positive control group (cisplatin, DDP, 2 mg/L), respectively. Wild-type HepG2 cells were used as a blank control. The effects of COE on the cell apoptosis were analyzed by flow cytometry and transmission electronic microscopy (TEM), respectively. The protein expression levels of mTOR signal pathways were determined by Western blotting. In vivo, HepG2/mTOR cells (2 × 10 cell/mice) were subcutaneously injected into the right flank of nude mice. Thirty-six female nude mice were randomly assigned to 6 groups according to body weight (6 mice per group) as follows: solvent vehicle control, Banmao Capsule treated group (BM, 195 mg/kg), Tegafur, Gimeracil and Oteracil Potassium Capsules (10 mg/kg) treated group, and different dosages of COE (10, 20, 40 mg/kg) groups. Tumor growth was monitored and immunohistochemical staining was used to examine the expression of apoptosis-related proteins in tumor tissues.@*RESULTS@#COE inhibited the proliferation significantly in a concentration-dependent manner in HepG2/mTOR cells (P<0.01). COE significantly induced the apoptosis of HepG2/mTOR cells (P<0.01), and the apoptotic bodies can be observed under TEM. COE significantly inhibits the proteins expression of mTOR-related signal pathways. In vivo, COE significantly inhibited tumor growth in nude mice (P<0.01). Moreover, the results showed that COE down-regulated the expression of Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL, and up-regulated the levels of Bax and caspase-3 protein (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#COE was a potential chemotherapeutic drug in HCC treatments via targeting mTOR signal pathway.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776634

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effects of Celastrus Orbiculatus extracts (COE) on metastasis in hypoxia-induced hepatocellular carcinoma cells (HepG2) and to explore the underlying molecular mechanisms.@*METHODS@#The effect of COE (160, 200 and 240 µ g/mL) on cell viability, scratch-wound, invasion and migration were studied by 3-4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT), scratch-wound and transwell assays, respectively. CoCl was used to establish a hypoxia model in vitro. Effects of COE on the expressions of E-cadherin, vimentin and N-cadherin were investigated with Western blot and immunofluorescence analysis, respectively.@*RESULTS@#COE inhibited proliferation and metastasis of hypoxia-induced hepatocellular carcinoma cells in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.01). Furthermore, the expression of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) related markers were also remarkably suppressed in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.01). In addition, the upstream signaling pathways, including the hypoxia-inducible factor 1 α (Hif-1 α) and Twist1 were suppressed by COE. Additionally, the Hif-1 α inhibitor 3-5'-hydroxymethyl-2'-furyl)-1-benzylindazole (YC-1), potently suppressed cell invasion and migration as well as expression of EMT in hypoxia-induced HepG2 cells. Similarly, the combined treatment with COE and YC-1 showed a synergistic effect (P<0.01) compared with the treatment with COE or YC-1 alone in hypoxia-induced HepG2 cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#COE significantly inhibited the tumor metastasis and EMT by suppressing Hif-1 α/Twist1 signaling pathway in hypoxia-induced HepG2 cell. Thus, COE might have potential effect to inhibit the progression of HepG2 in the context of tumor hypoxia.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Metabolism , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Celastrus , Chemistry , Cell Hypoxia , Cell Proliferation , Cell Shape , Cobalt , Down-Regulation , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasm Proteins , Metabolism , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Signal Transduction
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774004

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effects of 50-Hz 0.6-mT low-frequency pulsed electromagnetic fields(PEMFs) and 50-Hz 1.8-mT sinusoidal alternating electromagnetic fields(SEMFs) in preventing bone loss in tail-suspended rats,with an attempt to improve the prevention and treatment of bone loss caused by weightlessness.Methods Tail-suspension rat models were used to simulate microgravity on the ground. Forty rats were randomly divided into four groups[control group,hindlimb-suspended(HLS) group,HLS+PEMFs group,and HLS+SEMFs group],with 10 rats in each group. In the PEMFs treatment group and SEMFs treatment group,the intervention was 90 min per day. Rats were sacrificed after four weeks. Bone mineral density(BMD) of femur and vertebra was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and biomechanical strength by AG-IS biomechanical instrument. Serum osteocalcin(OC),tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b(Tracp 5b),parathyroid hormone(PTH),and cyclic adenosine monophosphate(cAMP) were detected by ELISA. The microstructure of bone tissue was observed by Micro-CT and HE staining.Results The BMD of the femur(P=0.000) and vertebrae(P=0.001) in the HLS group was significantly lower than in the control group;the BMD of the femurs(P=0.001) and vertebrae(P=0.039) in the HLS+PEMFs group was significantly higher than in the HLS group;the BMD of the femurs in the HLS+SEMFs group was significantly higher than in the HLS group(P=0.003),but the BMD of the vertebrae showed no significant difference(P=0.130). There was no significant difference in the BMD of the femur(P=0.818) and vertebrae(P=0.614) between the HLS+PEMFs group and the HLS+SEMFs group. The maximum load(P=0.000,P=0.009) and elastic modulus(P=0.015,P=0.009) of the femurs and vertebrae in the HLS group were significantly lower than those in the control group;the maximum load of the femur(P=0.038) and vertebrae(P=0.087) in the HLS+PEMFs group was significantly higher than that in the HLS group,but the elastic modulus was not significantly different from that in the HLS group(P=0.324,P=0.091). The maximum load(P=0.190,P=0.222) and elastic modulus(P=0.512,P=0.437) of femurs and vertebrae in the HLS+SEMFs group were not significantly different from those in the HLS group. There were no significant differences in the maximum load and elastic modulus of femurs(P=0.585,P=0.948) and vertebrae(P=0.668,P=0.349) between the HLS+PEMFs group and the HLS+SEMFs group. The serum OC level in the HLS group was significantly lower than that in the control group(P=0.000),and the OC level in HLS+PEMFs group(P=0.000) and HLS+SEMFs group(P=0.006) were significantly higher than that in the HLS group. The serum Tracp 5b concentration in the HLS group was significantly higher than that in the control group(P=0.011). There was no significant difference between the HLS+PEMFs group(P=0.459) and the HLS+SEMFs group(P=0.469) compared with the control group.Serum Tracp 5b concentrations in the HLS+PEMFs group(P=0.056) and the HLS+SEMFs group(P=0.054) were not significantly different from those in the HLS group. The PTH(P=0.000) and cAMP concentrations(P=0.000) in the HLS group were significantly lower than those in the control group. The PTH(P=0.000,P=0.000) and cAMP concentrations(P=0.000,P=0.000) in the HLS+PEMFs group and the HLS+SEMFs group were significantly higher than in the HLS group. The femoral cancellous bone of the HLS group was very sparse and small compared with the control group. The density and volume of the cancellous bone were similar among the control group,HLS+PEMFs group,and HLS+SEMFs group. Compared with the control group,the HLS group had lower BMD(P=0.000),bone volume (BV)/tissue volume(TV)(P=0.000),number of trabecular bone (Tb.N)(P=0.000),and trabecular thickness(Tb.Th)(P=0.000) and higher trabecular bone dispersion(Tb.Sp)(P=0.000) and bone surface area(BS)/BV(P=0.000). Compared with the HLS group,the HLS+PEMFs group and the HLS+SEMFs group had significantly lower Tb.Sp(P=0.000,P=0.000) and BS/BV(P=0.000,P=0.000) and significantly increased BMD(P=0.000,P=0.000),BV/TV(P=0.001,P=0.004),Tb.Th(P=0.000,P=0.001),and Tb.N(P=0.000,P=0.001). The trabecular thickness significantly differed between the HLS+PEMFs group and the HLS+SEMFs group(P=0.024). The HLS group(P=0.000),HLS+PEMFs group(P=0.000),and HLS+SEMFs group(P=0.000) had the significantly lower osteoblast density on the trabecular bone surface than the control group;however,it was significantly higher in the HLS+SEMFs group(P=0.000) and the HLS+PEMFs group(P=0.000) than in the HLS group. The HLS group had significantly lower density of osteoblasts in the endothelium than the control group(P=0.000);however,the density of osteoblasts was significantly higher in HLS+PEMFs group(P=0.000) and HLS+SEMFs group(P=0.000) than HLS group and was significantly higher in HLS+PEMFs group than in HLS+SEMFs group(P=0.041). Compared with the control group,a large number of fatty cavities were produced in the bone marrow cavity in the HLS group,but the fat globules remarkably decreased in the treatment groups,showing no significant difference from the control group. The number of adipose cells per mm bone marrow in the HLS group was 4 times that of the control group(P=0.000);it was significantly smaller in the HLS+PEMFs group(P=0.000) and HLS+SEMFs group(P=0.000) than in the HLS group,whereas the difference between the HLS+PEMFs group and the HLS+SEMFs group was not statistically significant(P=0.086). Conclusions 50-Hz 0.6-mT PEMFs and 50-Hz 1.8-mT SEMFs can effectively increase bone mineral density and biomechanical values in tail-suspended rats,increase the concentration of bone formation markers in rat blood,activate the cAMP pathway by affecting PTH levels,and thus further increase the content of osteoblasts to prevent the deterioration of bone micro-structure. In particular,PEMFs can prevent the reduction of bone mineral density and maximum load value by about 50% and increase the bone mass of tail-suspended rats by promoting bone formation.


Subject(s)
Absorptiometry, Photon , Animals , Bone Density , Electromagnetic Fields , Femur , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Weightlessness
5.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 419-437, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777045

ABSTRACT

A previous study has indicated that Krüppel-like factor 7 (KLF7), a transcription factor that stimulates Schwann cell (SC) proliferation and axonal regeneration after peripheral nerve injury, is a promising therapeutic transcription factor in nerve injury. We aimed to identify whether inhibition of microRNA-146b (miR-146b) affected SC proliferation, migration, and myelinated axon regeneration following sciatic nerve injury by regulating its direct target KLF7. SCs were transfected with miRNA lentivirus, miRNA inhibitor lentivirus, or KLF7 siRNA lentivirus in vitro. The expression of miR146b and KLF7, as well as SC proliferation and migration, were subsequently evaluated. In vivo, an acellular nerve allograft (ANA) followed by injection of GFP control vector or a lentiviral vector encoding an miR-146b inhibitor was used to assess the repair potential in a model of sciatic nerve gap. miR-146b directly targeted KLF7 by binding to the 3'-UTR, suppressing KLF7. Up-regulation of miR-146b and KLF7 knockdown significantly reduced the proliferation and migration of SCs, whereas silencing miR-146b resulted in increased proliferation and migration. KLF7 protein was localized in SCs in which miR-146b was expressed in vivo. Similarly, 4 weeks after the ANA, anti-miR-146b increased KLF7 and its target gene nerve growth factor cascade, promoting axonal outgrowth. Closer analysis revealed improved nerve conduction and sciatic function index score, and enhanced expression of neurofilaments, P0 (anti-peripheral myelin), and myelinated axon regeneration. Our findings provide new insight into the regulation of KLF7 by miR-146b during peripheral nerve regeneration and suggest a potential therapeutic strategy for peripheral nerve injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Movement , Genetics , Cell Proliferation , Genetics , Disease Models, Animal , Female , Ganglia, Spinal , Cell Biology , Gene Expression Regulation , Genetics , Physiology , HEK293 Cells , Humans , Kruppel-Like Transcription Factors , Genetics , Metabolism , Male , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Metabolism , Motor Endplate , Genetics , Myelin P0 Protein , Metabolism , Nerve Regeneration , Genetics , Physiology , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering , Genetics , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Rats, Wistar , Sciatic Neuropathy , Metabolism , General Surgery , Therapeutics
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665020

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of problem-based learning (PBL) method on the efficiency of teaching of Chinese medicine dermatology based on medical records. Methods Undergraduate students who were in the same grade were divided into experimental group and control group. The experimental group was taught with the PBL method based on medical records. Teachers selected medical records, combed knowledge points, designed questions and carried out teaching in response to questions. The control group was taught with traditional teaching method. The teaching efficiency of two groups was evaluated by using test scores and questionnaire survey. Results The scores of syndrome differentiation scores, medication scores, and the overall score of experimental group were better than those in the control group. Compared with the control group, learning initiative, ability to involve in the teaching and master knowledge, and ability of logical analysis and communication of experimental group were all improved remarkably. Conclusion PBL method based on medical cases is beneficial for the improvement of the level of diagnosing and treating skin diseases based on syndrome differentiation and ability of solving problem.

7.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 451-457, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693921

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of TRIM11(tripartite motif-containing protein 11) target regulating miR-24-3p on the proliferation and invasion of breast cancer cells,and potentiol relation between TRIM11 high ex-pression and the prognosis of breast cancer. Methods Immunohistochemical method was used to detect the expres-sion of TRIM11 in 31 cases of breast cancer and 31 cases of adjacent breast cancer normal tissues. The siRNA TRIM11 lentivirus and miR-24-3p lentivirus were transfected into human breast cancer MCF7 cell lines,observing the correlation expression of TRIM11 and miR- 24- 3p mRNA and protein by using real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) and Western bolt,luciferase reporter experiments were used to verify that the miR-24-3p as a direct target of TRIM11,MTT and Transwell were used to investigate the cells proliferation,activity and invasion. Results The expression of TRIM11 in breast cancer tissues or MCF7 cells was significantly higher (P<0.05),and TRIM11 high expression predicts poor prognosis of breast cancer(P<0.05). siRNA TRIM11 significantly inhibited the expression of TRIM11 in MCF7 cells,moreover,which inhibited the MCF7 cells proliferation,viability and invasion (P<0.05). miR-24-3p significantly reduced 3′-UTR TRIM11 luciferase activity in wild-type (P<0.05),but no effect was found in mutant type.The expression of miR-24-3p was decreased,miR-24-3p and TRIM11 mRNA expression was negatively correlated in MCF7 cells(P<0.05),miR-24-3p inhibition protein and mRNA ex-pression of TRIM11 in MCF7 cells,and inhibit MCF7 cells proliferation,viability and invasion (P<0.05). Conclu-sions The expression of TRIM11 is up-regulated in breast cancer and cells,promote the proliferation and invasion of breast cancer cells though regulating miR-24-3p expression,TRIM11 high expression predicts poor prognosis of breast cancer,TRIM11/miR-24-3p axis is expected to become a new target for treatment of breast cancer.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690311

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of the compound medicine of tanshinone 2A and resveratrol on peak bone mass in growing rats and to explore its possible mechanism,so as to explore anti-osteoporosis mechanisms of new traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) drugs. Methods Totally 40 1-month-old female Wistar rats were randomly divided into tanshinone 2A group,resveratrol group,compound group (tanshinone 2A and resveratrol),and normal control group,with 10 rats in each group. Body weight was measured once every two weeks,and the whole body bone mineral density was measured with dual-energy X-ray monthly. When the whole-body bone mineral density became statistically significant between medication groups and control group,all animals were sacrificed to determine the bone mineral density of vertebrae and right femoral bone. The biomechanical properties of femur and vertebrae were measured by AGS-X series universal test,then the bone morphology was analyzed with Fuchsin picric acid staining. Finally,the levels of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b and osteocalcin were measured with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Results The body weights were not statistically significant among all groups (P>0.05). The whole-body bone mineral density showed no significant difference (P>0.05) after feeding for 1 month;however,two months later,it was significantly different between medication groups and control group;in particular,the whole-body (P=0.016),femoral (P=0.001),and vertebral bone mineral density (P=0.034),bone trabecular number (P=0.024),thickness (P=0.040),and area (P=0.038) were significantly increased in the compound group,along with the significantly decreased trabecular separation degree (P=0.032). Compared with the control group,the compound group had significantly increased osteocalcin (P=0.033) and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b (P=0.028) levels in serum.Conclusion The compound of tanshinone 2 A and resveratrol can improve the bone density and bone quality in rats,and such effect is higher than either tanshinone 2 A monomer or resveratrolmonomer.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687389

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effect of Xianling Gubao capsule in preventing postmenopausal osteoporosis, forty-eight female Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups: sham group (Sham), ovariectomized group (OVX), ethinylestradiol group (EE) and Xianling Gubao capsule group (XLGB). Rats in each group received ovariectomy, except for sham group. The XLGB group received Xianling Gubao capsule at the dose of 378 mg·kg⁻¹·d⁻¹. The dosage of EE group was 200 μg·kg⁻¹·d⁻¹, and OVX and Sham groups were only fed with equal volume of distilled water. All of the rats were put to death two months later. Bone mineral density, bone biomechanics, bone histomorphometry Micro-CT scanning and organ index of vital organs were calculated and pathologically observed. There was no significant difference in the body weight of rats and organ indexes of lung, kidney, heart and spleen in the experimental groups. There was also no significant change in their pathological observation, but the uterine index of OVX group and XLGB group was significantly lower than that of Sham group. According to the results of BMD test, compared with the OVX group, femurs and vertebrae BMD of the other three groups were increased, with statistically significant differences. On the basis of the results of bone biomechanical test, compared with OVX group, the maximum load values of femur and vertebrae of the other three groups were increased, with statistically significant differences, while the change of elastic modulus was not statistically significant. According to the bone histomorphometry results of VG staining, compared with Sham group, the number of trabecular bone was significantly lower than that in OVX group. Compared with OVX group, the number of trabecular bone in EE group and XLGB group was increased, but with no significant difference between EE and XLGB groups. The results of serum biochemical indexes showed that compared with Sham group, osteocalcin (OC) decreased, while tartrate resistant acid phosphatase 5b (TRACP 5b) increased in OVX group, with statistically significant differences. Compared with OVX group, the OC content of XLGB group and EE group increased, while the content of TRACP 5b decreased, with statistically significant differences. On the basis of the results of Micro-CT scanning, the change trends of femur volume BMD, number of trabecular bone (Tb.N), trabecular bone thickness (Tb.Th), trabecular bone separation (Tb.Sp), bone volume/tissue volume (BV/TV) in the groups were consistent with those of bone histomorphometry. There was no significant change in femoral cortical bone between the two groups. Xianling Gubao capsule can prevent osteoporosis in ovariectomized rats. The possible mechanism is the dual activity of inhibiting bone resorption and improving bone formation.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259810

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study effects of 50 Hz 1.8 mT sinusoidal electromagnetic fields (SEMFs) on bone mineral density (BMD) in SD rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty SD rats weighted(110±10) and aged 1 month were randomly divided into control group and electromagnetic field group, 15 in each group. Normal control group of 50 Hz 0 mT density and sinusoidal electromagnetic field group of 50 Hz 1.8 mT were performed respectively with 1.5 h/d and weighted weight once a week, and observed food-intake. Rats were anesthesia by intraperitoneal injection and dual energy X-ray absorptiometry were used to detect bone density of whole body, and detected bone density of femur and vertebral body. Osteocalcin and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b were detected by ELSA; weighted liver, kidney and uterus to calculate purtenance index, then detected pathologic results by HE.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with control group, there was no significant change in weight every week, food-intake every day; no obvious change of bone density of whole body at 2 and 4 weeks, however bone density of whole body, bone density of excised femur and vertebra were increased at 6 weeks. Expression of OC was increased, and TRACP 5b expression was decreased. No change of HE has been observed in liver, kidney and uterus and organic index.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>50 Hz 1.8 mT sinusoidal electromagnetic fields could improve bone formation to decrease relevant factors of bone absorbs, to improve peak bone density of young rats, in further provide a basis for clinical research electromagnetic fields preventing osteoporosis foundation.</p>

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789638

ABSTRACT

@#BACKGROUND: In this study, we attempted to find the relations between blood pressure (BP) measured on the brachial artery (bBP) and BP assessed on the radial artery (rBP) in the right arm. METHODS: Three hundred and fifteen patients were enrolled in this study. Those who had peripheral vascular disease, wounds of arm skin or subcutaneous tissue infection were excluded. After a 15-minute equilibration and stabilization period after inducation of anesthesia, three bBP and rBP records were obtained sequentially using an oscillometric device with an adult cuff and infant cuff, respectively. Order for each BP was randomized. RESULTS: The bBP was significantly lower than the rBP (P<0.05). The difference between the two values varied from 13 to 18 mmHg in systolic BP (SBP), diastolic BP (DBP) and mean blood pressure (MAP) respectively. And the rBP was positively correlated with the bBP (r=0.872, 0.754, 0.765; P<0.001, <0.001, <0.001; SBP, DBP, MAP, respectively). CONCLUSION: The bBP value can be evaluated by the noninvasive measurements of rBP using an appropriate cuff in clinical practice.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268773

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To screen the risk factors for osteopenia in youths.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ninety-nine subjects aged 15 to 43 years with primary osteopenia(-2.5<T score<-1.0) were enrolled in this study, with 101 healthy subjects as control. Binary logistic regression was used to analyze 10 potential factors associated with osteopenia.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Binary logistic regression identified 5 factors that showed significantly correlations to osteopenia, namely inactivity, prolonged use of computers, imbalanced diet, staying up late at night, and alcohol drinking (P=0.000 for all the factors with yield ratios all >80%). Joint clicking and skeletal pain were the most common symptoms, and most of the patients had complaints of fatigue, insomnia and gastric discomforts.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Inactivity, prolonged use of computers, imbalanced diet, staying up late at night, and alcohol drinking are the risk factors for osteopenia in youths. Most of the patients have a sub-health status, indicating the necessity of relevant interventions to prevent the occurrence of osteoporosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Bone Diseases, Metabolic , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Logistic Models , Male , Risk Factors , Young Adult
13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1019-1025, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-233041

ABSTRACT

Diterpenes, an important class of natural compounds, are widely distributed in nature. As the valuable diterpenoids continue to be found, diterpene synthase in the course of diterpene synthesis get as much attention as possible. The multiformity of end-product-diterpenoids were also due to the diversity of diterpene synthase. This paper focuses on the advances in recent biosynthesis pathway of diterpene and types, cloning, catalytic mechanism, synthetic biology application.


Subject(s)
Alkyl and Aryl Transferases , Metabolism , Biosynthetic Pathways , Diterpenes , Metabolism , Isomerases , Metabolism , Phosphorus-Oxygen Lyases , Metabolism , Plant Proteins , Metabolism
14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1188-1193, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353402

ABSTRACT

The transcription factor of ethylene responsive factor binding protein (ERF) is belonged to AP2/ERF superfamily, which is known to be unique in plants. AP2/ERF proteins have important functions in the transcriptional regulation of a variety of biological processes related to growth and development, as well as various responses to environmental stimuli. An ERF gene from Salvia miltiorrhiza is cloned and divided into ERF gene family group VII of Arabidopsis and Rice. It contains a MCGGAI (I/L) motif referred to as CMVII-1 and a single intron in the 5'-flanking region of the AP2/ERF domain. Sequence analysis reveals that the region of second extron has abundant polymorphism sites. There are 21 single nucleotide polymorphism sites (SNPs) in the 264 bp region, among them, 14 SNPs are synonymous substitutions and 7 SNPs are non-synonymous substitutions. Though analysis of 181 samples from Shandong, Shaanxi and Sichuan Provinces, it reveals that each production area has its own special genotypes, 5 SNPs show significant difference. Cluster based on UPGMA method reveals that different populations from specific province have clustered together. It shows that SmERF gene will be a candidate molecular marker for the identification of Salvia miltiorrhiza from different areas.


Subject(s)
Cloning, Molecular , DNA, Complementary , Genetics , DNA, Plant , Genetics , DNA-Binding Proteins , Genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Phylogeny , Plant Proteins , Genetics , Plants, Medicinal , Genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Genetics
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