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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619712

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the diagnostic value of MSCT in tumors of intra-abdominal cryptorchidism in children.Methods MSCT findings of 8 children with tumors of intra-abdominal cryptorchidism confirmed by surgery and pathology were analyzed retrospectively.Results Six tumors located in the right,2 (1 tumor of left cryptorchidism turned to the right abdominal) in the left.Eight children showed ovoid soft tissue tumor in abdomen.Three children displayed the long axis of the tumors consistent with regular descending course of embryonic testes.Six teratomas manifested as the cystic and solid mass with fat,calcification (ossification) insidey.Two yolk sac tumors manifested as the large cystic and solid mass with irregular necrosis and abundant tumor vessels.Conclusion The pathologic types of tumors for intra-abdominal cryptorchidism in children are different from adult.Most of them are teratomas or yolk sac tumors,and have some characteristics in MSCT.MSCT is helpful in diagnosis of tumor for intra-abdominal cryptorchidism with medical history.

2.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2209-2212, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617106

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of imaging examination and diagnosis of airway foreign body in children. Methods 218 of airway foreign bodies confirmed by bronchoscopy were retrospectively analyzed in terms of clinical and imaging data. Results 218 patients included 140 males and 78 females. Their ages ranged 6 months to 12 years(mean,19.2 months). All patients had conventional radiographs on frontal chest films,neck lateral films and fluoroscopy. 34 cases underwent 64-slice spiral chest CT examination. According to the location of the foreign bodies,29 cases were in throat and subglottic,55 cases in trachea and 134 cases in bronchus(79 cas-es in the right,55 cases in the left). According to the character of the foreign bodies,5 cases were metal,29 cas-es in bone,93 cases in peanuts,59 cases in seeds,22 cases in fruits and vegetables and 10 cases in others respec-tively. Thirty-fourcases showed a direct sign of the foreign body and 177 cases showed the indirect signs. 34 cases on CT examination directly were showed foreign body in the tracheal bronchi. The diagnostic accuracy of CT exami-nation was 100%. Conclusions X-ray photograph and fluoroscopy were the first choice for aspiratory foreign bod-ies in children. CT examination is an important supplementary method when conventional X-ray examination is neg-ative.

3.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1591-1593, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660117

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the application value of MSCT in preoperative diagnosis and postoperative evaluation in children with cavernous transformation of the portal vein (CTPV).Methods 11 children diagnosed with CTPV by surgery were included in this study in our hospital.All patients underwent both plain and enhanced MSCT scans before surgery,and ultrasound or MSCT scan after surgery.Results In all 11 cases,preoperative CT showed different degrees of splenomegaly and the plain CT showed abnormal soft tissue mass in the hepatic hilar area.Enhanced CT showed stenosis or occlusion of portal vein trunk,earthworm-like blood vessels in the hilar region,and that the left and/or right branch of intrahepatic portal vein were replaced by multiple densely-distributed blood vessels (typeⅡ). Superior mesenteric-intrahepatic left portal shunt (Rex surgery)was performed in all 11 cases with successful results.All patients were followed up for 2-20 months after surgery.Imaging examinations showed anastomotic patency in 9 cases and stenosis in 2 cases.Conclusion MSCT findings of CTPV in children have certain characteristics.MSCT plays an important role in preoperative diagnosis and postoperative evaluation of CTPV in children.

4.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1591-1593, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657737

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the application value of MSCT in preoperative diagnosis and postoperative evaluation in children with cavernous transformation of the portal vein (CTPV).Methods 11 children diagnosed with CTPV by surgery were included in this study in our hospital.All patients underwent both plain and enhanced MSCT scans before surgery,and ultrasound or MSCT scan after surgery.Results In all 11 cases,preoperative CT showed different degrees of splenomegaly and the plain CT showed abnormal soft tissue mass in the hepatic hilar area.Enhanced CT showed stenosis or occlusion of portal vein trunk,earthworm-like blood vessels in the hilar region,and that the left and/or right branch of intrahepatic portal vein were replaced by multiple densely-distributed blood vessels (typeⅡ). Superior mesenteric-intrahepatic left portal shunt (Rex surgery)was performed in all 11 cases with successful results.All patients were followed up for 2-20 months after surgery.Imaging examinations showed anastomotic patency in 9 cases and stenosis in 2 cases.Conclusion MSCT findings of CTPV in children have certain characteristics.MSCT plays an important role in preoperative diagnosis and postoperative evaluation of CTPV in children.

5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging ; (12): 934-937,942, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603638

ABSTRACT

PurposePrimary chest wall rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is very rare with limited imaging characteristic studies in the literature. This paper analyzes the CT imaging features of chest wall RMS in children to improve the diagnostic accuracy.Materials and MethodsThe imaging data of contrast enhanced CT scan of pathology conifrmed chest wall RMS in ifve children were analyzed.ResultsThe lesion was located in the anterior chest wall in one case, in the posterior chest wall in two cases, and the lateral chest wall in two cases (axillary). The tumors were round or spindle in shape with shallow spiculation. Plain CT showed heterogeneous density with patchy low-density necrotic area in two cases, and homogeneous attenuation in three patients. In all ifve cases there was no calciifcation or fatty tissue. The tumor involvement of adjacent spinal canal was seen in one case. Visceral compression was evident including lung parenchyma in one case, heart and liver in one case. Tumor blood vessel growth was seen in two cases. All ifve lesions were adjacent to the ribs, humerus, scapula and the spine with bone destruction in one case. On contrast enhanced scan, all ifve cases demonstrated heterogeneous mild to moderate enhancement, more prominent in the periphery. There were enlarged feeding arteries. Necrotic areas did not enhance. In two cases there were pulmonary metastases. Pleural effusion and ascites were identiifed in one case. There was lymph node metastasis in one case.ConclusionThe CT manifestation of children's chest wall RMS for chest wall include large soft tissue mass, heterogeneous density, no calciifcation or fatty tissue, partial necrosis, adjacent tissue compression, lymph node or distant metastasis. Combining with clinical manifestations, comprehensive analysis of contrast enhanced CT imaging can improve diagnostic accuracy.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-556013

ABSTRACT

Objective To strengthen the understanding of the imaging features in congenital aberrant left pulmonary artery (CALPA). Methods All 4 patients underwent chest film and Doppler echocardiography. Thres cases were examined by enhanced spiral CT examination. In addition, MRI and DSA were performed in 2 cases respectively. Thres cases were proven by surgery or autopsy. Results (1) appearances on chest films included cardiomegaly, pulmonary overvascularity, left hilum a little lower than the right one, emphysema, atelectasis, and pneumonia. (2) bronchography showed stenosis of trachea and/or bronchia. (3) Barium esophagram showed an imprint on the left anterior wall of esophagus. (4) Contrast-enhanced spiral CT and MRI showed marked dilatation of main pulmonary artery (MPA) and the root of MPA extended backward to become right pulmonary artery (RPA), the left pulmonary artery (LPA) arose from the RPA directly. (5) echocardiography indicated LPA arose from RPA. (6) DSA showed MPA was marked dilated, and LPA arose from RPA. (7) other abnormalities included 3 PDA, 2 PLSVC, and ~1 ASD. Conclusion CT and MRI are the best methods to diagnose CALPA.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-554201

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the radiological characteristics and improve the diagnostic ability of SARS in children. Methods The clinical data and X-ray findings of 35 SARS cases who hospitalized during Jan, 2003~Apr, 2003 were retrospectively analyzed. Results Chest X-ray features were as follows: massive consolidation (27 cases, 77.1%), pulmonary interstitial infiltration (6 cases, 17.1%), and mixed pattern (2 cases, 5.7%). There were two patients with emphysema, but no patient with lung abscess or pleural lesion. The radiological dynamic changes showed that the lesions of lung appeared early, the severest period was between the fifth day and the seventh day, the X-ray findings were not consistent with physical sign, and the absorption of lesion was slower than the clinical process. Conclusion There are some certain radiographic characteristic in children with SARS. A correct diagnosis can be made by closely combining the X-ray findings with clinical and laboratory results.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-539568

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the CT features and the prognosis of hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) with intracranial hemorrhages in neonates.Methods The CT features of the HIE with intracranial hemorrhage were analyzed and follow-up studied in 64 cases.Results Of all the 64 cases with HIE, 53 cases were associated with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), and all cases were normal in the follow-up study after 1 month. 1 case was associated with intraventricle hemorrhage (IVH), 10 cases were associated with mixed bleeding (SAH+IVH in 3 cases, IVH+IPH in 1 case, SAH+IPH in 2 cases, SAH+SHE in 2 cases, SAH+SDH in 2 cases). Of the follow-up studies on 10 mixed bleeding cases, 1 was normal, 1 was dead, and the others were cerebromalacia, cerebral atrophy, porencephaly and calcium.Conclusion Different intracranial hemorrhages results in different prognosis.

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