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Herald of Medicine ; (12): 1366-1370, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701030


Picris L.are annual,biennial to perennial herbs of Compositae.They are distributed in Europe,Asia and North Africa,and there are 5 species in China. The chemical composition mainly contains flavonoids, organic acids, terpenoids, and polysaccharides.The actions were antipyretic,antidotal,antiphlogistic and analgesic.So was commonly used in the treatment of some diseases such as mastitis,mumps and hepatitis in civil. In contemporary research, hypoglycemic, hypolipidemic and anti-inflammatory,antioxidant and other physiological activities were found.In addition,Its super collection capacity of metal ions like Zn,Cd,Pb and etc may be used for the recovery of heavy metal contaminated soil and environmental protection.

Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 493-496, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515351


Objective To investigate temperature changes in prefrontal cortex and hippocampus of heroin addicts with magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS).Methods 18 heroin addicts in the withdrawal state and 18 healthy volunteers (control group) were performed with MRS scan.First, resting-state MRS scan was performed on all subjects, and then did MRS scan again under visual stimulation while subjects were asked to carefully watch the heroin-related cue images.Measurements of NAA of the identified regions (the prefrontal cortex, bilateral hippocampus) were obtained from all subjects.Brain temperatures were calculated by the modified brain temperature-chemical shift equation.Results In resting state, the temperature of prefrontal cortex in heroin addicts group was higher than the control group, the difference was statistically significant (P0.05).Conclusion MRS can be used to measure brain temperature noninvasively.Temperature change of brain may be helpful for exploring the mechanism of drug addiction and craving.

China Pharmacist ; (12): 760-763, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511643


Objective:To improve the identification and determination methods in the original quality standard for belladonna oral solution.Methods:Belladonna oral solution was identified by a specific chromatogram of HPLC,and scopoletin and hyoscyamine sulfate in belladonna oral solution were detected by dual wavelength spectrophotometry.The detection of fingerprints was performed on a Waters SunFire C18 (250 mm×4.6mm,5 μm) column.The mobile phase was methanol-0.05% phosphoric acid solution at a flow rate of 1.0 ml·min-1.The detection wavelength was 344 nm and the column temperature was 30℃.The detection of scopoletin and hyoscyamine sulfate was performed on the same C18 column.The mobile phase was 10 mmol·L-1 heptanesulfonate sodiumat (pH value was 3.3 adjusted by glacial acetic acid)-absolute ethanol-acetonitrile (68.75∶6.25∶25) at a flow rate of 1.0 ml·min-1.The detection wavelengths were 344 nm and 210 nm,and the column temperature was 30℃.Results:The specific chromatogram of belladonna oral solution was accordance with that of belladonna tincture raw material.The retention time and relative peak area of each characteristic peak and reference peak all met requirements of Chinese Pharmacopoeia.Scopoletin and hyoscyamine sulfate were completely separated from the other compositions under the above mentioned conditions.The calibration curves were linear within the range of 5.168-103.360 μg·ml-1 (r=1.000 0) for scopoletin and 50.560-758.400 μg·ml-1 (r=0.999 9) for hyoscyamine sulfate.The average recovery was 101.79% (RSD=1.05%,n=6) and 100.92% (RSD=0.97%,n=6),respectively.Conclusion:After the quality control method improvement,the identification shows high specificity and the quality of belladonna oral solution can be better controlled by the two selected index components.The method is easy and accurate,which can provide a reliable way to control the quality.

Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 887-890, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-459839


Objective To investigate the differences of low frequency fluctuation (ALFF)in the resting state between short-term heroin and methamphetamine abusers after withdrawal.Methods Sixteen male short-term heroin abusers and fourteen male short-term methamphetamine abusers were performed the functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI).The differences of ALFF be-tween the two groups were performed with preprocessing softwares.Threshold was set to 0.05.Results Compared with metham-phetamine-dependent patients,heroin-dependent patients showed increased ALFF in the left side of the lingual gyrus and the left ton-sil of cerebellum and decreased ALFF in the left side of the brain stem,midbrain and the left side of the cerebellar vermis.Conclusion There are differences between the short-term heroin and methamphetamine abusers in the function of the brain,mainly involving the brain regions associating with cognition and affection.

Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 909-912, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454265


Objective To explore the value of MR diffusion tensor imaging ( DTI) in diagnosis of traumatic Axonal injury ( TAI) .Methods Twenty nine patients with traumatic brain injury ( TBI) and matched 22 control subjects were performed with DTI . Fractional anisotropy ( FA) was calculated from semioval center , corpus callosum , internal capsule and pons of controls and TBI pa-tients.According to Glasgow Score (GCS), TBI patients were divided into mild group (GCS≥13) and moderate-severe group (GCS≤12), each group compared with control group in FA value .The correlation between FA values in different regions and GCS score were analyzed in DTI group .Results FA value of semioval center was decreased in mild DTI group ( P <0.01 ) .FA values of semio-val center , corpus callosum , and internal capsule were decreased in moderate-severe DTI group ( P <0.05 ) .The FA values in semio-val center , corpus callosum , and internal capsule were positively correlated with GCS score in TBI group ( P <0.05 ) .Conclusions DTI is sensitive to detect the traumatic axonal injury??Changes of FA value in ROIs can access the severity of axonal injury ?? which ishelpful for diagnosis earlier and improving prognosis.

Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-103886


Green tea is a popular beverage and its health benefits are well known. However, inconsistent results have been reported in observational studies concerning the association between green tea consumption and the lung cancer risk. In this commentary, several methodological issues underlying the measurement of tea exposure are highlighted. The recommendations should be useful for designing and planning prospective cohort studies to ascertain the protective effect of green tea against lung cancer.

Humans , Lung Neoplasms/etiology , Risk Assessment , Tea/adverse effects