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Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1413-1417, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694343


Objective To investigate the protective effects of Platycodon grandiflorum total saponins (PGTS) on acute lung injury (ALI) in rats and the related mechanisms.Methods Total of 60 SD rats were randomly (random number) divided into control group,model group,low-,middle-and high-dose PGTS group,and dexamethasone group,10 rats in each group.The latter 4 groups and dexamethasone group were injected with 50,100,200 mg/kg PGTS and 5 mg/kg dexamethasone,respectively.After 1 h,the latter 5 groups were intraperitoneally injected with mg/kg LPS to establish the ALI model.The clinical symptoms of the rats were observed.After 12 h,the arterial PaO2 and PaCO2,serum TNF-α and IL-10 level,lung wet/dry weight ratio (W/D),lung tissue SOD,GSH-Px and MDA level and NF-κB protein expression were determined.Results Rats in model group manifested noticeable symptoms of acute lung injury (ALI) and lung tissue lesions.In treatment group with appropriate PGTS dose,ALI symptoms and lung lesions were significantly alleviated,arterial PaO2 was markedly increased (P < 0.05),PaCO2 was decreased obviously (P < 0.05),serum TNF-α level was prominently decreased (P < 0.05),IL-10 level was strikingly decreased (P < 0.05),lung W/D ratio was significantly decreased (P <0.05),lung tissue SOD and GSH-Px level were distincdy increased (P <0.05),MDA was clearly decreased (P < 0.05),and NF-κB protein expression was plainly decreased (P < 0.05),compared with model group.Conclusions PGTS has undoubted protective effects on acute lung injury induced by LPS in rats.The mechanism may be associated with its role of anti-inflammation,anti-lipid peroxidation and down regulation of NF-κB protein level in lung tissue.

Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 25-27, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-414252


Objective To investigate the neural mechanism of inhibitory control in sensation seeking by using the event-related potential(ERP) technique. Methods High and low sensation seekers( 16 people in each group ), who were selected according to their sensation seeking scores, performed a Go/Nogo task in which the stimuli possessed two levels of difficulty. Electro- encephalogram(EEG) signals were recorded continuously by a set of 32 Ag/AgCI electrodes. Results For two types of stimuli ( Congruent, Incongruent) :( 1 )The amplitude(FCZ) of Nogo N2 and Nogo P3 were( (1.61 ±4.25)μV,(-2.32±4.55)μV)and((16.44±5.74)μV,(17.00±5.71)μV). (2)There was no significant main effects of group for the Nogo N2 amplitude( F (1.30) =0.31, P=0. 59,η2=0. 01;F(1.30) =0.07,P=0.80,η2=0.002) ,the N2d amplitude( F(1.30) =1.18,P=0.29,η2=0.04;F(1.30) =0.004, P=0.95, η2 < 0.001 ) ,the Nogo P3 amplitude( F (1.30) =0.13, P=0.72, η2 =0.004;F(1.30)=0.28, P=0.60, η2 =0.009) and the P3d amplitude( F(1.30) =0.08, P=0.50, η2 =0.02; F (1.30) =0.56,P=0.46, η2 =0.02). (3)Neither of main effects for the N2 and P3 latency was significant (P>0.05). Conclusion The inhibitory control is similar across high and low sensation seeking groups,indicating that there is no relationship between the sensation seeking behaviors and the individual inhibitory control.