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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911464

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the efficacy and safety of Daratumumab for the treatment of primary AL light chain systemic amyloidosis.Methods:Twenty one patients who were diagnosed as primary AL light chain systemic amyloidosis and treated with Daratumumab from 7 centers were retrospectively analyzed. Daratumumab was administrated as first line therapy in seven patients and 14 patients with relapsed settings. Hematological response, safety and survival were analyzed.Results:All 7 patients achieved very good partial response (VGPR) or better with first-line application of daratumumab. Three patients died, and the other four achieved organ remission. Among 14 relapsed patients, 2 patients had a difference of free light chain (dFLC) less than 20 mg/L before treatment, and 9 with a dFLC of more than 50 mg/L. All patients reached partial response (PR) or better, including 4 patients with complete response (CR), 3 with VGPR and 2 with PR. The response rate was 100% in 3 patients with dFLC 20-50 mg/L at baseline. The organ remission rate was 50% in patients with heart involvement and 58.3% in patients with kidney impairment. The overall median follow-up period was 5.3 months, and 11 months in surviving patients. One patient died of severe infection and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) with stable amyloidosis. One patient switched to other regimens because dFLC elevated but did not fulfill progressive disease after 2 year application. As to safety, no grade 3/4 infusion reaction developed, and grade 1 infusion reaction occurred in 3 cases during the first infusion. Lymphocytopenia was seen in 75% patients including grade 3 or more in 30% patients.Conclusion:Daratumumab is effective to eliminate serum free light chain in both newly diagnosed and relapsed patients with systemic amyloidosis.

2.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 447-453, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870980

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical manifestation, diagnosis and prognosis of heavy- and light-amyloidosis (AHL).Methods:The clinical data of two patients with AHL in Peking University People's Hospital and 21 cases of reported literature were reviewed to clarify the clinical and prognostic characteristics of AHL.Results:Compared with light-amyloidosis, most AHL patients were male, with high positive rate of blood and urine immunofixation electrophoresis and complete immunoglobulin. The manifestations of the kidneys were proteinuria, mainly composed of albumin, nephrotic syndrome and microscopic haematuria. The pathology of renal biopsy showed that Congo red staining positive substances were deposited in many sites (mesangial area, capillary wall, arteriole and renal interstitium), and immunofluorescence showed that monoclonal heavy chain with light chain (the type was consistent with the hematuria M protein) were clumpy deposition, which was consistent with amyloid deposition site. Heart involvement was rare, and the proportion of plasma cells in bone marrow was high.Conclusion:AHL is rare and its clinical manifestations of AHL are different from those of light-amyloidosis. The prognosis needs to be further observed.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870159

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of daratumumab in relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM).Methods:The efficacy and adverse events (AEs) of daratumumab based regimens were retrospectively analyzed in 37 patients with RRMM from Peking University People′s Hospital, Beijing Hospital and Fu Xing Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University in China. The deadline for inclusion was December, 2019.Results:Among the 37 patients, 35 patients were available for response evaluation. The overall response rate (ORR) was 68.6%, which was better in patients receiving 16 mg/kg daratumumab than in those with fixed doses of 800 mg daratumumab [ORR: 78.3%(18/23) vs. 40.0%(4/10)]. The percentage of infusion related reactions of daratumumab was 27.0%(10/37). The most common hematological AEs were lymphocytopenia and thrombocytopenia, with the incidences of grade 3 or more severe 59.5%(22/37) and 43.2%(16/37) respectively. Pulmonary infections(37.8%, 14/37) were the most common non-hematological AEs. One patient with positive hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and two patients dependent on dialysis were safely treated with daratumumab.Conclusion:Daratumumab is highly effective in relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma. Adverse reactions are mild and well tolerable.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692641

ABSTRACT

Objective To verify the performance of LIAISON chemiluminescence immunoassay analyzer in the prenatal screening for TORCH .Methods Reference to the US Institute of Clinical and Laboratory Stand-ards(NCCLS) series of documents and literature and combining with actual work ,we designed the verification program ,and tested and evaluated the LIAISON chemiluminescent immunoassay systems for the measurement precision ,accuracy ,linearity analysis ,clinical reportable range and biological reference intervals of Tox IgG , Tox IgM ,Rub IgG ,Rub IgM ,CMV IgG ,CMV IgM ,HSV IgG ,HSV IgM .We also compared the results with analysis performance provided by manufacturers (Italy LIAISON ) or recognized quality indicators .Results Intra-assay imprecision CV values were between 3 .58% -7 .03% ,which were less than the predetermined range;inter-assay imprecision CV values were between 3 .13% -10 .73% .Linear range validation regression coefficients a values were between 0 .97 -1 .03 and r2 >0 .95 .The linear relationship met the requirements . Both biological reference interval and reportable range meet the requirements .Conclusion The performance of LIAISON chemiluminescence immunoassay detection system satisfied the clinical requirements ,and the meas-urement results had advantages of high sensitivity ,specificity ,stability ,wide detection range ,good accuracy and repeatability ,which was suitable for clinical application .

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606793

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnostic value of the single detection and combined detection of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) VCA-IgM ,aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) in EBV current infection .Methods The VCA-IgM positive simples tested by chemiluminescence from January to October 2016 were collected .EBV-DNA was detected by RT-PCR .AST and ALT were detected by using the enzyme rate method .Then samples were divided into the EBV-DNA positive group and EBV-DNA negative group .SPSS22 .0 was used for conducting the non-parametric test .Then each indicator was analyzed by the Logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve .Results The levels of VCA-IgM ,AST and ALT in the EBV-DNA positive group were higher than those in the EBV-DNA negative group ,the difference was statistically significant (P<0 .05) . VCA-IgM ,AST and ALT showed a correlation with EBV-DNA (P<0 .05) .The areas under curve (AUC) of VCA-IgM ,AST and ALT single indicator detection curve were 0 .803(95% CI:0 .735 -0 .872) ,0 .788(95% CI:0 .708 -0 .868) ,and 0 .752(95% CI:0 .671-0 .832) ,respectively ;AUC of 3-indicator combined detection were 0 .830(95% CI:0 .765 -0 .896) ,which was high than AUC of each single indicator detection .Conclusion Among the indicators in EBV current infection ,VCA-IgM is of great diagnostic value ,and is superior to AST or ALT .Furthermore ,the combined detection of these three indicators is better than single indicator detection ,which contributes to the diagnosis and prevention of EBV infection and other complicating infection .

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606013

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application value of interferon gamma release assay (IGRAs)in the clinical detection of tuberculosis infected T lymphocytes.Methods Used IGRAs method to detect the 11 968 outpatients and hospitalized pa-tients from 2013 to 2016 with tuberculosis screening.According to the distribution department analysis,also of positive case detection according to age and gender were analysis and comparison and analysis on the uncertainty of results,different methods were compared.Results Among the 11 968 cases,2 048 cases were positive,the positive rate was 17.11%,and the uncertain result was 107 cases,which accounted for 0.89% of the total number.The positive rates from 2013 to 2016 were 19.65%,21.35%,15.82% and 13.56%,respectively.In the detection and screening of pulmonary and pulmonary tuberculo-sis,the positive rates of the department of respiration,the digestive department,the oncology department,the department of neurology and the department of gynecology were 22.07%,20.27%,23.38%,12.84% and 11.86%,respectively.In the positive screening,men accounted for 62.11%,women accounted for 37.89%,men were significantly higher than women.By age group,was less than or equal to 15,16~25,26~45,46~65,was more than orequal to 66 years old,positive rate were 1.96%,18.51%,16.54%,21.25% and 25.73%,respectively.Analysis of uncertain outcome data,department of respira-tion,rheumatism,department of hematology,accounted for 1.99% and 2.35%,respectively.Compared with other laboratory methods,the IGRAs method had obvious advantages.Conclusion Tuberculosis occurs in various body organs,there were differences in gender and age of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection.IGRAs is a sensitive and specific method for rapid de-tection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection,although it can not be used as a diagnostic indicator,but in patients with suspected tuberculosis IGRAs has a larger clinical application value for the further diagnosis of disease.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598044

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of itraconazole oral solution for prevention of invasive fungal infection ( IFI ) in neutropenic patients with acute leukemia after chemotherapy.Methods Clinical data of 136 neutropenic patients with acute leukemia after chemotherapy at the Department of Hematology,Nanfang Hospital from January 2008 to December 2010 were retrospectively analyzed.Patients were divided into itraconazole group ( n =67 ) and control group ( n =69).There were 36 patients with acute nonlymphocytic leukemia ( ANLL),31 with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in itraconazole group;while in control group,there were 30 patients with ANLL,38 with ALL and 1 with biphenotypic acute leukaemia (BAL).Patients in itraconazole group received intraconazole after chemotherapy until the neutrophil count was increased to 0.5 × 109/L or the body temperature returned to normal and without any imaging evidence of IFI.The incidence of IFI and clinical features were compared between the groups using SPSS 13.0 software.Pearson x2 test was used for nominal variables,for measurement data,t (normal distribution) or Mann-Whitney U (skewed distribution) test were used.Results There were 12 cases ( 17.9% ) suffering from IFI in itraconazole group and 32 cases (46.4%) in the control group (x2 =12.59,P < 0.01 ).For ANLL patients,the incidence of IFI in itraconazole group was significantly lower than that in control group ( 16.7% vs.56.7%,x2 =11.53,P <0.01 ).In itraconazole group,the incidence of IFI in female patients was significantly lower than that in male patients ( 8.6% vs.28.1%,x2 =4.35,P <0.05 ).And for the female patients,the incidence of IFI in itraconazole group was significantly lower than thatin the control group (8.6% vs.44.7%,x2 =11.98,P<0.01).Conclusion Itranconzole oral solution can effectively prevent IFI in neutropenic patients with acute leukemia after chemotherapy,especially for the female patients with ANLL.

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