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2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1216-1230, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971768

ABSTRACT

Radiation protection drugs are often accompanied by toxicity, even amifostine, which has been the dominant radio-protecting drug for nearly 30 years. Furthermore, there is no therapeutic drug for radiation-induced intestinal injury (RIII). This paper intends to find a safe and effective radio-protecting ingredient from natural sources. The radio-protecting effect of Ecliptae Herba (EHE) was discovered preliminarily by antioxidant experiments and the mouse survival rate after 137Cs irradiation. EHE components and blood substances in vivo were identified through UPLC‒Q-TOF. The correlation network of "natural components in EHE-constituents migrating to blood-targets-pathways" was established to predict the active components and pathways. The binding force between potential active components and targets was studied by molecular docking, and the mechanism was further analyzed by Western blotting, cellular thermal shift assay (CETSA), and ChIP. Additionally, the expression levels of Lgr5, Axin2, Ki67, lysozyme, caspase-3, caspase-8,8-OHdG, and p53 in the small intestine of mice were detected. It was found for the first time that EHE is active in radiation protection and that luteolin is the material basis of this protection. Luteolin is a promising candidate for RⅢ. Luteolin can inhibit the p53 signaling pathway and regulate the BAX/BCL2 ratio in the process of apoptosis. Luteolin could also regulate the expression of multitarget proteins related to the same cell cycle.

3.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 234-243, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953598

ABSTRACT

Puerarin (Pue), known as a phytoestrogen, has salient bioactivities and is promising against cardiovascular diseases. This article summarizes the underlying molecular mechanisms of Pue in treating cardiovascular diseases, especially regulating the intracellular signal transduction, influencing ion channels, modulating the expression of microRNA, and impacting on the autophagy, which are mainly involved in the inflammatory signaling pathways, fatty acid/lipid metabolism, oxidative stress, apoptosis, and the like. The protective effect of Pue against cardiovascular diseases mainly involves attenuating the myocardial injury and decreasing the myocardial fibrosis, improving the myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury, as well as inhibiting the myocardial hypertrophy and atherosclerosis. The molecular mechanisms of Pue's cardiovascular protective effects for the first time and comment on the state-of-the-art research methods and principles of Pue's regulation of small molecules were reviewed, so as to provide the rationale for its basic research and clinical applications.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 926-930, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910418

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the skin development and repair process of X-ray radiation damage in rat with non-invasive two-photon excitation fluorescence (TPEF) imaging technology in vivo. Methods:Totally 24 SD rats were randomly divided into four groups including X-ray irradiated group (25, 35 and 45 Gy) and non-irradiation control group. At different times after irradiation, the degree of skin injury was evaluated, and the pathological changes of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (phosphate) [NAD(P)H] and collagen fiber fluorescence signals in epidermal cells were detected in vivo by TPEF imaging technology. Results:At 10 d post-irradiation, the skin of irradiation groups showed erythema and desquamation. At 15-20 d post-irradiation, the skin of radiation groups developed progressive exudation, edema and ulcers with increasing radiation dose. On day 25, the skin began to repair in the 25 Gy group, however, the skin of other groups still had exudation and ulcers. On day 10, NAD(P)H fluorescence signal in epidermal cells of irradiation groups decreased and the fluorescence signal of collagen fibers in papillary layer and reticular layer of irradiation groups reduced, which were significantly lower than that of normal control group ( t=24.145, 28.303, 26.989, 6.654, 7.510, 7.997, P<0.05). On day 30, fluorescence signal of NAD(P)H and collagen fibers in epidermal cells and dermis began to repair, the cell from stratum granulosum, stratum spinosum, and stratum basale in the 25 Gy group showed fluorescence signal, the other groups did not show. The fluorescence signal of collagen fibers in the 25 Gy group were gradually increased in papillary layer and reticular layer, however, they were significantly lower than normal control group ( t=115.133, 17.431, P<0.05), the skin of 45 Gy group did not show fluorescence signal of collagen fibers. Conclusions:The damage and repair process of epidermal cells and dermal collagen fiber can be detected noninvasively by TPEF imaging technology after X-ray irradiation in vivo.

5.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 149-154,后插3, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603587

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects and molecular mechanisms of suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) on ovarian carcinoma. Methods (1)Two groups of ovarian carcinoma cell lines (SKOV3 and SKOV3/DDP, HO8910 and HO8910-PM) were exposed to SAHA (1, 3, 5 and 7μmol/L SAHA,group 1-group 4). CCK-8 method was employed to eval-uate the inhibitory effects of SAHA.(2)Ovarian cancer cell lines treated with SAHA (2 or 5μmol/L SAHA) were used as 1 and 2 groups. Flow cytometry was performed following staining with Annexin V-FITC and PI for cell cycle and apoptosis.(3) Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot assay were used to assess the mRNA and pro-tein expression levels of phenotypic correlation factor. Results (1)After 48 h of SAHA treatment,the OD value of SKOV3, SKOV3/DDP,and HO8910 showed a trend of gradually reduce (P<0.05).(2)The apoptotic rates were significantly higher in SAHA 1 and SAHA 2 groups than those of control group (P<0.05). Compared with control group, after 48 h of SAHA treat-ment,S phase and G2/M phase of SKOV3 and SKOV3/DDP cells increased;G0/G1 phase of HO8910 and HO8910-PM cells increased in SAHA 1 and 2 groups (P<0.05).(3)The expression levels of CyclinB1 and Cdc2 (p34) mRNA were significant-ly lower in SAHA 1 and 2 groups than those of control group,while the expression levels of Caspase-3,p21 and p53 mRNA expression were significantly higher in SAHA 1 and 2 groups than those of control group. Furthermore,the expression of Ac-Histone H3,Ac-Histone H4,p53 protein were markedly improved,and CyclinB1,Cdc2(p34) protein decreased in SAHA 1-4 groups. Conclusion SAHA may suppress cell growth, induce apoptosis and cause cycle arrest in ovarian carcinoma cells by promoting histone acetylation or modulating their phenotype-related proteins of Caspase-3, p53, CyclinB1 and Cdc2(p34).

6.
Journal of China Medical University ; (12): 577-582, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494613

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of ING5 gene on growth inhibition of gastric cancer. Methods ING5 expressing plasmid was transfect?ed into SGC?7901 cells. The cell viability was assessed by CCK?8,cell apoptosis and cycle was detected by flow cytometry analysis,the migration and invasion was evaluated by scratch and transwell,the expressions of mRNA and protein were determined by real?time quantitative PCR and West?ern blot respectively. Nude mice were implanted subcutaneously with SGC?7901 cells and tumor size and related protein were analyzed. Results After transfection of pEGFP?N1?ING5,the proliferation of gastric cancer SGC?7901 cells was significantly inhibited(P<0.05),the apoptosis was decreased(P<0.05),the percentage of G1 phase was increased and G2 phase was decreased(P<0.05),the ability of migration and invasion was reduced(P<0.05),the expression of NF?κB,PI3K,p?Akt1/2/3,Bcl?2,XIAP,β?catenin,c?myc mRNA,and protein levels were significantly in?creased(P<0.05),and the expression of Akt1/2/3、MMP9 mRNA and protein levels were significantly decreased(P<0.05). Conclusion The ING5gene inhibits the SGC?7901 cell proliferation,induces G1 arrest,inhibits the migration and invasion,and effectively regulates the related genes and proteins about cell proliferation,cell cycle and adhesion,but reduces apoptosis. ING5 can inhibit the evolution and development of gastric can?cer.

7.
Journal of China Medical University ; (12): 877-882, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479104

ABSTRACT

Objective To clarify the clinicopathological significance and the reversing effects of BTG3 expression on the aggressive phenotype in gastric cancer. Methods BTG3 expression was detected in gastric cancer tissues by on tissue microarray and immunostaining. BTG3?expressing plasmid was transfected into MKN28 and MGC803 cells,the proliferation,cell cycle,differentiation and autophagy were analyzed by CCK?8,PI staining,alkaline phosphatase activity and GFP?LC?3B transfection,respectively. Results BTG3 overexpression inhibited cell proliferation,in?duced S/G2 arrest,differentiation and autophagy in both cells(P<0.05). BTG3 expression was decreased in gastric cancer in comparison with the adjacent mucosa(P<0.05),and positively correlated with venous invasion and dedifferentiation of the cancers(P<0.05). Conclusion BTG3 ex?pression contributes to gastric carcinogenesis and subsequent progression. BTG3 overexpression can reverse the aggressive phenotypes,which could be employed as a potential target for gene therapy of gastric cancer.

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