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1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 193-203, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992588

ABSTRACT

The condition of patients with severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) complicated by corona virus 2019 disease (COVID-19) is complex. sTBI can significantly increase the probability of COVID-19 developing into severe or critical stage, while COVID-19 can also increase the surgical risk of sTBI and the severity of postoperative lung lesions. There are many contradictions in the treatment process, which brings difficulties to the clinical treatment of such patients. Up to now, there are few clinical studies and therapeutic norms relevant to sTBI complicated by COVID-19. In order to standardize the clinical treatment of such patients, Critical Care Medicine Branch of China International Exchange and Promotive Association for Medical and Healthcare and Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Trauma organized relevant experts to formulate the Chinese expert consensus on clinical treatment of adult patients with severe traumatic brain injury complicated by corona virus infection 2019 ( version 2023) based on the joint prevention and control mechanism scheme of the State Council and domestic and foreign literatures on sTBI and COVID-19 in the past 3 years of the international epidemic. Fifteen recommendations focused on emergency treatment, emergency surgery and comprehensive management were put forward to provide a guidance for the diagnosis and treatment of sTBI complicated by COVID-19.

2.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1111-1117, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467107

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of lavage with artiifcial cerebrospinal lfuid on neural cell apoptosis and the extracellular regulated kinase (ERK) pathway atfer traumatic brain injury. Methods: A total of 192 SD rats were randomly divided into a sham group, a traumatic brain injury model group, a local artiifcial cerebrospinal lfuid group, and a local saline group. Each group was divided into 4 sub-groups by the sacriifced time at 6 h, 12 h, 1 d and 3 d atfer the operation. hTe phosphorylation of extracellular regulated kinase 2 (P-ERK2), TNF-α and cellular apoptosis were examined. Results: hTe levels of P-ERK2 protein and TNF-α protein, as well as the number of apoptotic cellsat each time point in the local artiifcial cerebrospinal lfuid group were lower than those in the model group or in the saline group (P<0.05). Conclusion: Lavage with artificial cerebrospinal fluid can reduce apoptosis of neural cells after brain injury through the ERK pathway.

3.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 510-516, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-814855

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the impact of artificial cerebrospinal fluid lavage time on the edema of traumatic brain injury.@*METHODS@#A total of 240 SD rats were randomly divided into a sham group, a traumatic brain injury model group, 3 artificial cerebrospinal fluid lavage groups (3 h, 6 h and 9 h). Each group was divided into 4 sub-groups by time of sacrifice namely 12 h, 1 d, 3 d and 7 d postoperatively. We detected the content of brain water, sodium, and potassium, and the VEGF expression to confirm whether the duration of lavage could reduce the traumatic brain edema.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham group and the traumatic brain injury model group, brain water content and sodium content were decreased, while the potassium content and the VEGF levels were increased in the artificial cerebrospinal fluid lavage groups. Significant difference was found at 12 h, 1 d, and 3 d after the injury (P<0.05). With the increase of artificial cerebrospinal fluid lavage time, the difference was more obvious.@*CONCLUSION@#Artificial cerebrospinal fluid lavage can reduce the brain edema after traumatic brain injury. The longer the lavage, the more obvious the effect.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Brain Edema , Brain Injuries , Cerebrospinal Fluid , Osmosis , Pharmaceutical Solutions , Therapeutic Uses , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Therapeutic Irrigation , Methods
4.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 273-276, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-403110

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of dural tenting suture and epidural drainage in craniotomy. Methods In 145 cases of intracranial lesions, dural tenting suture and epidural drainage were performed to prevent epidural hematoma. Results Postoperative computed tomography (CT) showed no epidural hematoma required surgery in both groups. Conclusion Both dural tenting suture and epidural drainage are effective in preventing epidural hematoma. Hemostasis is the key step. Dural tenting suture without epidural drainage relieves psychological stress. It decreases the risk of intracranial infection and avoids some unusual complications.

5.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 569-575, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-406309

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish high resolution, reproducible 2-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) profiles of invasive and non-invasive pituitary adenoma tissues and to identify differentially ex-pressed proteins between the invasive and non-invasive tissues. Methods The proteome from invasive and non-invasive pituitary adenomas tissues was dissected and analyzed by: (1) immobilized pH gradient two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, (2) silver staining, (3) imageMaster 2-D software analysis, (4) peptide mass fingerprint based (PMS) on matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS), and (5) database comparison. Results High-resolution 2-D patterns of invasive and non-invasive pituitary adenoma tissues were successfully produced and re-peated 3 times for each sample. An average of 1080±24 and 1035±28 spots were detected for invasive and non-invasive pituitary adenoma tissues, respectively. Additionally, 975±45 and 918±56 spots were found to have an average matching rate of 90.3% and 88.7% for invasive and non-invasive tissues, re-spectively. The spot positional deviation was (1.563±0.259) mm for IEF and (1.088±0.206) mm for SDS-PAGE. A total of 99 spots of differential expression were matched between the invasive and non-in-vasive pituitary adenoma tissues. Thirty differential proteins, some of which were involved in the regula-tion of cells cycle and signal transduction, were initially characterized by PMS. Conclusion The acquisi-tion of well-resolved and reproducible 2-D patterns of invasive and non-invasive pituitary adenoma tissues and the identification of differentially expressed proteins provides a proteome database for invasive pituita-ry adenomas.

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