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Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 1218-1222, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481541


The growing number of cognitive dysfunction patients is bringing heavy mental and financial burdens to the society and families.Voltage-gated potassium channels (Kv), which consist of delayed rectifier potassium channels and transient outward po -tassium channels , are involved in the incidence of cognitive dysfunction .This review summarized the role of Kv channels in cognitive dysfunction and their relationship with N-methyl-D-aspartic acid receptors ( NMDARs) that play an important role in the process of learning and memory .

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479716


Objective To investigate possible role of 14 -3 -3 in the pathogenesis of asthma inflammation, the expression of 14 -3 -3 protein was observed in lung tissues of asthmatic rats.Methods Expressions of 14 -3 -3 protein was determined by immunohistochemisty method in lung tissues,and the relationship between 14 -3 -3 and asthma inflammation was analyzed.Results The location of positive expression of 14 -3 -3 protein was mainly at cytoplasm,while little at plasmalemma.The positive expression cell mostly was bronchial epithelial cell,others were lymphocytes,alveolar macrophages and vascular endothelial cells.On the other hand,the bronchial smooth muscle and vascular smooth muscle were negative expressed.Moreover,the expression level of 14 -3 -3 protein in asthma group [(0.353 ±0.023)absorbance]was significantly higher than that in the control group[(0.211 ±0.028 )absorbance] (t =10.969,P <0.01).Conclusion The results showed that the 14 -3 -3 protein was overexpressed in asthmatic lung tissue,it may play an important role in asthma inflammation through bronchial epithelial cells,lymphocytes, alveolar macrophages and vascular endothelial cell.

Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 433-436, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-453693


Objective To investigate the effects of targeted treatment of the carboplatin-Fe@C nanocage-loaded chitosan nanoparticles (C-Fe@CN-CN) combining external magnetic field on rats with transplanted liver cancer.Methods Twenty-four model rats with transplanted liver cancer were established and divided into four groups randomly (n =6).Abdominal exposure was carried out through a midline incision,and a cannula was inserted into the hepatic artery and fixed.Group A:saline water was injected as control,group B:saline water with 10 mg/kg free carboplatin was given,group C:saline water with C-Fe@CN-CN (equivalent dose of free carboplatin 10 mg/kg) was injected in absence of magnetic field,group D:saline water with C-Fe@CN-CN (equivalent dose of free carboplatin 10 mg/kg) was injected in presence of magnetic field for 30 min.All the animals were sacrificed and abdominal exposure was done again after 7 days.After tumors were reselcted,tumor weight and volume was measured,the inhibiting rate of tumor weight was calculated.Tumor and liver tissues were examined for histological changes.Results The growth of tumor was significantly inhibited after therapy with different forms of carboplatin.There was significant difference in the tumor weight of A,B,C,D groups [(0.85±0.12) g,(0.61±0.10) g,(0.48±0.09) g,(0.33±0.06) g,P < 0.05,respectively].The inhibiting rates of tumor weight of B,C,D groups were 28.9 %,43.4 %,61.7 % respectively.The inhibiting rate of D group was highest which was 1.1 times higher than that of B group.There was also significant difference in the tumor volume of A,B,C,D groups [(1.06±0.24) cm3,(0.72±0.10) cm3,(0.50±0.07) cm3,(0.28±0.05) cm3,P < 0.05,respectively].The tumor volume of group A was largest which was 2.8 times larger than that of group D.In group D,tumor tissues from six rats presented severe necrosis,and nanoparticles were concentrated in the necrotic tissue.In group C,five rats presented middle necrosis,one rats presented severe necrosis.There was no concentration of nanoparticles in the necrotic tissue.In group B,four rats presented middle necrosis,two rats presented mild necrosis.In group A,six rats presented mild necrosis.Conclusion C-Fe@CN-C can significantly increase the therapeutic effects of carboplatin by hepatic artery injection combining with an external magnetic field on the tumor.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447048


Objective To investigate the prevalence of BRCA1/2 mutations in breast cancer patients of Han ethnic group in southcrn China,and to provide the genetic basis for early diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer.Methods 70 samples of breast cancer patients of Han ethnic group in southern China and 70 normal control samples were tested.The whole coding exons of BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes were analyzed using hybridization based enrichment and next-generation sequencing (NGS).According to the results of NGS,we detected pathogenic mutations of BRCA genes.Results In 70 breast cancer patients,a total of 5 deleterious mutations were identified,4 of these were novel mutations,and no pathogenic variation was found in normal control group.Furthermore,we detected 3 low frequency mutations which are likely to relate to cancer susceptibility.Conclusions 4 novel deleterious mutations were reported,as well as some variants of unknown clinical significance for the prevalence of BRCA1/2 mutations of 70 breast cancer patients of Han ethnic group in southern China.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598026


ObjectiveTo analyze the autophagy of mouse melanoma B16 cells induced by TNF-ct.MethodsMouse melanoma B 16 cells treated with TNF-α were used in this study.The expression levels of LC3- Ⅱand Beclinl were measured by western blot and mRNA levels of autophagy related gene atg5,atg7 and atgl2 were measured by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) after TNF-α treatment.ResultsThe viability of B16 cells were obviously inhibited after incubation with TNF-α.The expression levels of autophagy related protein LC3- Ⅱ and Beclinl were elevated in TNF-α treated B16 cells compared with in control B16 cells.The mRNA expression levels of autophagy related gene Atg5,atg7 and atg12 showed consistent up regulation in TNF-a treated B16 cells compared with in control B16 cells.ConclusionTNF-α can induce autophagic cell death in B16 cells.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-415856


Objective To investigate the mechanism of Sut melanocytes growth inhibition in response to xCT -deficiency. Methods TTotal proteins were extracted from xCT-deficient Sut melanocytes and wild melanocytes, respectively, and were separated by 2-dimensional electrophoresis. Altered expression profile of proteins of Sut melanocytes was analyzed by PDQuest software and compared with that of wild melanocytes.Proteins with significant change were chosen to be identified by mass spectrometry and database query.Results Twenty proteins in Sut melanocytes altered significantly compared with wild melanocytes. Ten of the proteins were up-regulated, while the other tens were down-regulated. Four proteins from both up-regulated and down-regulated were identified respectively: up-regulated proteins were Tubulin alpha-1b, S100-A6,Nucleoside, S-formylglutathione, and down-regulated proteins were Calumenin,NDRG1 ,DPYSL2, 14kDa unknown protein. Conclusion The identification of the xCT-deficiency related proteins may provide supporting evidence for the mechanism research of Sut melanocytes' growth inhibition caused by xCT-deficiency.