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1.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 665-670, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912222

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the serum levels of copper and zinc and the application value of the ratio in assessing disease activity in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).Methods:From March 2019 to April 2020, 200 patients with IBD hospitalized at the Department of Gastroenterology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University were selected by prospective random direct sampling method, including 100 patients with Crohn′s disease (CD) and 100 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). The Crohn′s disease activity index (CDAI) and the modified Mayo score were used to evaluate the disease activity of CD patients and UC patients. In the same period 100 healthy individuals in the routine physical examination were selected as healthy control group. The serum levels of copper and zinc of the healthy control group, the CD group and the UC group were determined by atomic absorption spectrometry. The levels and the ratio of serum copper to zinc of three groups were compared. The ratio of serum copper to zinc of CD patients and UC patients with different disease activity were compared. The correlation between the ratio of serum copper to zinc and IBD activity indexes were analyzed, which included fecal calprotectin (FC), C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), CDAI and Mayo score. Receiver operating characteristic curve was drawn to analyze the value of the ratio of serum copper to zinc, CRP and ESR in predicting disease activity of patients with IBD. Independent sample t test, least significant difference- t test and Pearson correlation analysis were performed for statistical analysis. Results:The serum copper levels and the ratio of serum copper to zinc of the CD group and the UC group were both higher than that of the healthy control group, however the serum zinc levels were lower than that of the healthy control group ( (32.27±7.69) and (29.80±9.68) mol/L vs. (20.16±6.67) mol/L; 2.81±1.57 and 2.29±1.09 vs. 0.68±0.36; (14.64±7.11) and (15.65±8.17) mol/L vs. (34.29±16.40) mol/L), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=2.81, 5.87, 1.47, 7.21, 1.73 and 2.56, all P<0.05). Among CD patients, the the ratio of serum copper to zinc of patients at remission stage (29 cases), mild activity stage (23 cases), moderate activity stage (30 cases) and severe activity stage (18 cases) was 2.61±1.43, 2.75±1.35, 3.15±2.37 and 4.17±1.77, respectively, and the ratios of serum copper to zinc of patients at mild activity stage, moderate activity stage and severe activity stage were all higher than that of patients at the remission stage, and the differences were statistically significant ( t=3.41, 7.92 and 5.84, all P<0.05). There were statistically significant differences in the ratios of serum copper to zinc between patients at mild activity stage and moderate activity stage, severe activity stage, and between patients at moderate activity stage and severe activity stage ( t=5.82, 6.23 and 3.45, all P<0.05). Among UC patients, the ratio of serum copper to zinc of patients at remission stage (10 cases), mild activity stage (30 cases), moderate activity stage (45 cases) and severe activity stage (15 cases) was 1.52±0.44, 1.74±0.58, 2.38±0.83 and 3.80±1.19, respectively, the ratio of serum copper to zinc of patients at moderate activity stage was higher than that of patients at remission stage and mild activity stage, and the ratio of serum copper to zinc of patients at severe activity stage was higher than those of patients at remission stage, mild activity stage and moderate activity stage, and the differences were statistically significant ( t=7.92, 5.83, 3.21, 9.54 and 2.83, all P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in serum copper to zinc ratio between patients at remission and at mild activity stage ( P>0.05). The ratio of serum copper to zinc of CD patients was positively correlated with FC and CRP ( r=0.697 and 0.586, P=0.014 and 0.001), however was not correlated with ESR or CDAI score (both P>0.05). The ratio of serum copper to zinc of UC patients was positively correlated with FC, ESR and Mayo score ( r=0.488, 0.452 and 0.331, P=0.001, P<0.01 and P=0.041), however was not correlated with CRP ( P>0.05). The cut-off value of the ratio of serum copper to zinc, CRP and ESR for the diagnosis of CD activity was 1.76, 8 mg/L and 20 mm/1 h, respectively. Among them, ESR was the most effective in the diagnosis of CD activity with an area under the curve (AUC) value of 0.830, and to the sensitivity and specificity was 69.0% and 86.2%, respectively. The cut-off value of the ratio of serum copper to zinc, CRP and ESR for the diagnosis of UC activity was 1.63, 8 mg/L and 20 mm/1 h, respectively; among which the the ratio of serum copper to zinc had the highest efficacy in the diagnosis of UC activity, with an AUC value of 0.862, sensitivity and specificity of 73.0% and 90.9%, respectively. Conclusion:The the ratio of serum copper to zinc is correlated with the disease activity of IBD, which may become a new auxiliary indicator for the evaluation of disease activity.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912135

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of enteral extended biliary stenting for biliary stricture.Methods:A multicenter retrospective cohort study was conducted on data of 550 patients with obstructive jaundice due to extrahepatic bile duct stricture between February 2006 and April 2020. Patients were assigned to conventional group (undergoing conventional biliary stent placement) and extended group (undergoing enteral extended biliary stent placement). Propensity score was used to match the basic data of patients of the two groups. Then the stent patency time, bilirubin difference before and after 1 week operation, incidence of complications and hospital stay were compared between the two groups.Results:Among the 550 patients, clinical data of 20 cases were missing and 35 failed to be followed up. Finally, 326 patients were enrolled to the study after propensity score matching with 163 cases in each group. The patency time of extended group was 111.0 (82.0, 192.0) days, which was longer than that of conventional group with patency time of 93.0 (70.0, 141.8) days ( Z=3.260, P=0.001). Total bilirubin difference value of pre-operation and post-operation was less in extended group [51.2 (26.0, 114.7) μmol/L VS 46.0 (13.9, 81.1) μmol/L, Z=2.095, P=0.036]. The rate of early adverse events [4.3% (7/163) VS 3.7% (6/163), P=0.079] and median in-patient days (10.0 days VS 10.0 days, P=0.379) were similar in the two groups. Conclusion:Enteral extended biliary stent is effective and safe for treatment of biliary stricture, which can prolong the patency time without increasing postoperative complications and hospital stay.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909524

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between total MRI burden and serum uric acid level in patients with cerebral small vessel disease(CSVD) and its gender differences.Methods:A total of 217 patients with CSVD were retrospectively included as the research objects, and the clinical data such as serum uric acid value were collected.The imaging findings of patients with CSVD were evaluated by MRI, and the total MRI burden score of CSVD was calculated.According to the total MRI burden score of CSVD, patients with CSVD were divided into mild-to-moderate burden group ( n=133) and severe burden group ( n=84). SPSS 20.0 software was used for data analysis and processing.Logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between uric acid and the total MRI burden score of CSVD. Results:The serum uric acid of severe burden group was higher than that of mild-to-moderate burden group((326.94±70.95)μmol/L, (293.42±80.52)μmol/L, P=0.002). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the elevated level of serum uric acid was an independent risk factors for total MRI burden of CSVD ( β=0.005, OR=1.005, 95% CI=1.001-1.009, P=0.019). The patients with CSVD were equally divided into four group based on the serum uric acid concentration.After controlling the confounding factors, with the increase of uric acid level, the risk of aggravating total MRI burden score of CSVD increased, and the difference was statistically significant( P=0.001). Serum uric acid(for each quartile increase)was an independent risk factor for total MRI burden in male patients with CSVD( β=0.482, OR=1.619, 95% CI=1.125-2.330, P=0.010), while there was no significant difference in female patients( P=0.070). Conclusion:Serum uric acid level is a risk factor for increasing the total MRI burden in male patients with CSVD, but this effect is not found in female patients with CSVD.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908265

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the continuing care needs of patients based on the App and "hospital-community-home" linkage.Methods:With descriptive qualitative research, a semi-structured in-depth interview was conducted in 15 patients with type 2 diabetes in Gongli Hospital, Pudong New Area, Shanghai City, and community hospital from January to February 2020. Thematic analysis and the software NVivo 10.0 were used for data analysis.Results:Five themes were extracted: desire a "hospital-led,community-implemented, family-supported" model of continuing care; desire an appropriate, convenient and personalized access to information and follow-up; expect continuous, comprehensive, professional health guidance; expect to receive continuing care service led by specialized nurses and managed by multidisciplinary team; expect diabetes App to be simple and practical, satisfying various needs such as post-hospitalization condition monitoring, assessment feedback, health education and health intervention,ensure information security and free use.Conclusions:Patients have a strong willingness to receive continuing care based on the App and "hospital-community-family" linkage. A mechanism of "hospital-community-family" linkage continuing care service with clear division of labor should be established, multidisciplinary cooperation should be strengthened, and team advantages should be utilized. Providing comprehensive, professional and evidence-based continuing care services for patients, while further optimizing software functions and focusing on information security construction and following evidence-based guidelines to standardize App content in order to adapt to more patient characteristics and needs.

5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3459-3474, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921441

ABSTRACT

Sulfonamides (SAs) are a kind of antibiotics widely used in medical treatment and livestock breeding. However, they have poor degradability in human and animal intestines, and will enter the sewage treatment system through the discharge of feces and urine. The aerobic activated sludge (AAS) in wastewater treatment plant was found to be able to effectively transform SAs. This article summarizes the advances in biodegradation of SAs in aerobic activated sludge system, which includes the biodegradation mechanisms, the main biodegradation pathways, and the environmental factors affecting the degradation efficiency. Challenges encountered in the current research were discussed, with the aim to provide scientific basis for optimizing the biodegradation of SAs in wastewater treatment process.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Biodegradation, Environmental , Humans , Sewage , Sulfonamides , Water Pollutants, Chemical/analysis
6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 233-236, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884996

ABSTRACT

In recent years, with the development of sequencing technology and research on molecular changes in different races of prostate cancer, it has been found that the pathogenesis of prostate cancer showed obvious ethnic differences. This article reviewed the research progress of ETS fusion genes, FOXA1, SPOP, IDH1 and other driver genes in prostate cancer. And the research of molecular typing of prostate cancer showed different patterns of molecular changes in Chinese and western populations. The molecular changes of prostate cancer in western populations were dominated by ETS fusion gene, while those in Chinese populations were dominated by gene mutations, mainly FOXA1 and SPOP mutations. Moreover, the dominant fusion gene in Chinese prostate cancer was not ETS fusion gene, but SCHLAP1-UBE2E3.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862547

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the risk factors for failure in emergency endoscopic injection sclerotherapy (EIS) combined with sequential histoacryl injection (HI) for esophagogastric variceal bleeding (EGVB) with portal vein embolus (PVE). MethodsA total of 109 EGVB patients with PVE who underwent emergency gastroscopy in Beijing Shijitan Hospital, Capital Medical University, and The Fifth Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from January 2018 to December 2019 were enrolled, and according to the outcome of hemostatic treatment under emergency gastroscopy, the patients were divided into hemostatic failure group with 28 patients and hemostatic success group with 81 patients. The two groups were compared in terms of general information, varices and bleeding manifestations under gastroscopy, blood biochemical parameters, Child-Pugh class, and Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score, and the risk factors for hemostatic failure were analyzed. The t-test or the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of continuous data between groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups; a logistic regression analysis was used for multivariate analysis. ResultsCompared with the hemostatic success group, the hemostatic failure group had significantly higher peripheral white blood cell count (WBC), total bilirubin (TBil), Child-Pugh class, and MELD score (Z=3.794, Z=4.751, χ2=40.104, Z=6.412, all P<0001) and significantly lower prothrombin time activity (PTA), albumin (Alb), and cholinesterase (CHE) (t=9.653, Z=3.093, Z=4.092, P<0.001, P=0.002, and P<0.001). WBC (odds ratio [OR]=28.543, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.285-634.113, P<0.05), PTA(OR=0.194, 95%CI: 0.045-0.835, P<0.05), TBil (OR=2.197, 95%CI: 1.004-4.810, P<0.05), Alb (OR=0448, 95%CI: 0.209-0.961, P<0.05), and Child-Pugh class (OR=5.164, 95%CI: 1.307-20.406, P<0.05) were independent risk factors for hemostatic failure. ConclusionWBC, PTA, TBil, Alb, and Child-Pugh class are independent risk factors for failure in emergency EIS combined with sequential HI in the treatment of EGVB with PVE, and adequate preoperative evaluation and correction may help to improve the success rate of hemostasis.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865993

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influences of three-dimensional teaching mode based on "Internet plus" on the assessment results, disease grading ability and active learning ability of junior nurses in the emergency department.Methods:This study selected 43 junior nurses in the emergency department of our hospital in February 2018-2019, and they were randomized into observation group ( n=22) and control group ( n=21). The control group were given conventional teaching, and the observation group adopted three-dimensional teaching mode based on "Internet plus". The results of examination, disease grading ability, active learning ability and clinical practice ability of the two groups were compared. SPSS 23.0 was used for chi-square test, Fisher exact probability and t test. Results:The case analysis score, daily performance score and total score of the observation group were higher than those of the control group, with statistical significance ( P<0.05). After training, the ability of disease grading of the two groups was both improved, and that of the observation group was significantly higher than that of the control group, with statistical difference ( P<0.05). After training, the scores of self-motivation belief, task analysis, self-monitoring and regulation, self-evaluation, and total score of the two groups were higher than before training, and those of the observation group were higher than those of the control group ( P<0.05). The emergency nursing ability, emergency response ability, critical thinking ability, team cooperation ability and humanistic care of the observation group were higher than those of the control group, with statistical significance ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The three-dimensional teaching mode based on "Internet plus" can improve the teaching effect on the junior nurses in the emergency department, enhance their disease grading ability and active learning ability, and improve their clinical practice ability.

9.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 288-290, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862838

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the therapeutic efficacy of chimeric antigen receptor T cell (CAR-T) for treatment of relapsed patients with double expression lymphoma after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT).Methods:The treatment process of one patient with double expression diffuse large B-cell lymphoma who received CAR-T immunotherapy after the recurrence of auto-HSCT in Henan Provincial People's Hospital in August, 2017 was retrospectively analyzed, and the related literature was reviewed.Results:A 50-year-old female double expression diffuse large B-cell lymphoma patient received the standard treatment regimen, and then had auto-HSCT based on the BEAM preconditioning regimen. The patient relapsed after 5 months, and finally got sustained remission after chemotherapy regimen containing cladribine for 2 courses of treatment combined with CAR-T therapy. CD20 +-CAR-T cells were detected in this patient for 8 mouths sustainably. Conclusion:For relapsed patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma after auto-HSCT, reduction remission of the treatment regimen containing cladribine followed by CAR-T sequential regimen may be a better treatment option.

10.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 561-564, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819214

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical value of acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) elastography in predicting esophageal variceal bleeding in patients with liver cirrhosis. MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 271 patients with liver cirrhosis who attended the Fifth Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from October 2014 to May 2017, and ARFI elastography was performed for all patients to measure the elasticity of the liver and the spleen. According to the presence or absence of esophageal variceal bleeding, the patients were divided into bleeding group and non-bleeding group, and related indices were compared between the two groups. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the value of ARFI elasticity in the diagnosis of esophageal variceal bleeding in liver cirrhosis. The t-test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. ResultsThe bleeding group had a significantly higher ARFI elasticity of the spleen than the non-bleeding group [3.89(349-4.11) m/s vs 3.46(2.93-3.80) m/s, Z=-4.941, P<0.001], and there was no significant difference in the ARFI elasticity of the liver between the bleeding group and the non-bleeding group [2.08 (1.57-2.74) m/s vs 1.98 (1.49-2.70) m/s, Z=-1.025, P=0.305]. The areas under the ROC curve for ARFI elasticity values of the spleen and the liver were 0.714 and 0.544, respectively, in predicting esophageal variceal bleeding in patients with liver cirrhosis (P=0.002 5). At the cut-off value of 3.71 m/s, the ARFI elasticity of the spleen had a sensitivity of 0.68 and a specificity of 0.69 in predicting esophageal variceal bleeding. ConclusionThe ARFI elasticity value of the spleen has a better value than that of the liver in predicting the risk of esophageal variceal bleeding and thus holds promise for clinical application.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756672

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the status quo of the target management assessment of medical institutions in Anhui province, and provide a basis for further improving the performance appraisal mechanism and strategy of medical institutions. Methods In June 2017, 21 medical institutions in Anhui province conducted a questionnaire survey on the setup and implementation of target management indicators. Results Among the 21 medical institutions, there were 2, 16 and 3 hospitals in the first, second and third grades respectively. The average number of available beds was 681.35, and the average time for conducting target assessment was 4.42 years. The coverage rates of the clinical departments, medical technology departments, efficiency and efficiency, scientific research teaching, and department management of 21 medical institutions were 80% (316/397), 84% (52/63), 71% ( 120/168), 38% (48/126 ) and 60% (61/102) respectively. There were significant differences in coverage rates between clinical departments, medical technology departments, efficiency and efficiency, and research and teaching in different levels of medical institutions( P <0.05 ). Judging from the effectiveness of the current target assessment, it was considered that 64% ( 37/78 ) of the overall assessment results of the departments were in line with expectations, and the ratio of target management to hospital development management, department quality management, and functional department execution was 75% (42/64). Conclusions The status quo of performance assessment of medical institutions in Anhui province is running well, but the target management indicators and models of different medical institutions are different. It is necessary for the health administrators to establish a unified, authoritative and standard target performance assessment system.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807893

ABSTRACT

@#Poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase-1(PARP-1)plays a vital role in the regulation of DNA repair and apoptosis. Breakthrough has been made in the treatment of cancer with PARP-1 inhibitors, but the emergence of drug resistance has limited its further application in clinic. This paper reviews advances in the research on PARP-1 inhibitors combined with other drugs to overcome drug resistance, highlights and evaluates the existing drug combination strategies and their therapeutic effects in clinical practice. It is proposed that the development of dual-target or multi-target drugs will become a promising approach to overcome the resistance of PARP-1 inhibitors and broaden their indications.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805577

ABSTRACT

A total of 1 685 school-age children selected from Hangzhou received lung function testing to evaluate the short-term effects of air pollution on their lung function. The results showed that in every 10 μg/m3 increase of average concentration of PM2.5 and PM10 on the day of the test and the day before the test,peak expiratory flow (PEF) decreased 0.039 (95%CI: 0.012-0.067) L/s and 0.031 (95% CI:0.011-0.051) L/s,respectively. When the average concentration of SO2 increased 10 μg/m3 on the day of test and the day prior to the test, PEF and 75% of the forced vital capacity that has not been exhaled (MEF75) decreased 0.437 (95%CI: 0.217-0.658) L/s and 0.396 (95%CI: 0.180-0.613) L/s. After being adjusted for NO2,with every 10 μg/m3 increase of average concentration of PM2.5 and PM10 on the day of the test and the day before the test,PEF and MEF75 decreased 0.056 (95%CI: 0.028-0.085), 0.053(95%CI: 0.027-0.081) and 0.047 (95%CI: 0.026-0.068) L/s,0.044 (95%CI: 0.023-0.065) L/s on the day before the test, respectively. The results indicate that air pollution have short-term and lag effects on lung function of school-age children in Hangzhou.

14.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 137-141,155, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731722

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the value of flow cytometry in the diagnosis of postoperative infection following renal transplantation. Methods According to postoperative imaging findings and laboratory examination outcomes, 51 recipients undergoing the first renal transplantation were divided into the bacteria (n=33), fungus (n=9) and BK virus (n=9) groups. Twenty-eight recipients with stable conditions after renal transplantation were assigned into the stable group. Flow cytometry was adopted to detect the percentage and absolute counting of lymphocyte subpopulation in the peripheral blood of recipients in each group. Renal function, percentage and absolute counting of lymphocyte subpopulation in the peripheral blood were statistically compared among different groups. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to evaluate the diagnostic value of the percentage and absolute counting of lymphocyte subpopulation in infectious diseases after renal transplantation. Results Compared with the stable group, the serum creatinine (Scr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels in the bacteria, fungus and BK virus groups were significantly up-regulated, respectively (P=0.035, 0.007, 0.024; 0.037, 0.006, 0.032). Compared with the stable group, the percentage of CD16+CD56+natural killer (NK) cells was significantly declined in the bacterial (P=0.036) and fungus groups (P=0.015), and the proportion of CD4+/CD8+T cells was dramatically decreased in the fungus group (P=0.004). Compared with the bacterial group, the percentage of CD3+CD8+T cells was significantly elevated (P=0.013 and 0.008), the proportion of CD3+CD4+T cells was considerably declined (P=0.003 and 0.010), and the percentage of CD4+/CD8+T cells was significantly declined (P=0.003 and 0.005) in the fungus and BK virus groups. Compared with the stable group, the quantity of CD3+T cells, CD3+CD8+T cells and CD16+CD56+NK cells was significantly declined in the bacterial, fungus and BK virus groups, respectively (P=0.025, 0.002, 0.003; 0.015, 0.005, 0.006; 0.001, 0.001, 0.031). In addition, the quantity of CD3+CD4+T cells was considerably decreased in the fungus and BK virus groups (P=0.001, 0.003). The quantity of CD19+B cells was significantly reduced in the BK virus group (P=0.019). Compared with the bacterial group, the quantity of CD3+CD4+T cells was considerably lower in the fungus group (P=0.023). ROC curve analysis revealed that the quantity of CD3+CD4+T cells [area under curve(AUC)=0.8492] and CD16+CD56+NK cells (AUC=0.8889) yielded relatively high accuracy in the diagnosis of fungal infection. The quantity of CD3+T cells (AUC=0.8472), CD3+CD4+T cells (AUC=0.8452) and CD19+B cells (AUC=0.8115) yielded relatively high accuracy in the diagnosis of BK virus infection. Conclusions Flow cytometry detection of the lymphocyte subpopulation in peripheral blood can evaluate the immune function of patients. Absolute counting of lymphocyte subpopulation can directly assess the degree of immunity. These two combined parameters provide guiding significance for the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of infectious diseases in recipients after renal transplantation.

15.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 1798-1800, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660889

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the efficacy and safety of targeted drug apatinib combined with tegafur, gimeracil and oteracil capsules (TS-1) in the second-line treatment of advanced gastric mucinous adenocarcinoma. Methods: Totally 48 patients with ad-vanced gastric mucinous adenocarcinoma treated with the second-line regimen were randomly divided into the control group and the treatment group with 24 ones in each. The control group received the chemotherapy of TS-1, and the treatment group received apatinib additionally. The adverse reactions and objective effects were observed. Results:The objective response rate (ORR) was 54. 1% and 33. 3% in the treatment and the control group, respectively. The disease control rate (DCR) was 83. 3% and 54. 2% in the treatment and the control group, respectively. There were significant differences on ORR and DCR in both groups(P<0. 05), while no statisti-cal difference was shown in the adverse reactions (P>0. 05) between the two groups. Conclusion:Apatinib combined with TS-1 ex-hibits evident short-term therapeutic effect on advanced gastric mucinous adenocarcinoma, and the adverse reactions can be tolerated.

16.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 1798-1800, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658127

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the efficacy and safety of targeted drug apatinib combined with tegafur, gimeracil and oteracil capsules (TS-1) in the second-line treatment of advanced gastric mucinous adenocarcinoma. Methods: Totally 48 patients with ad-vanced gastric mucinous adenocarcinoma treated with the second-line regimen were randomly divided into the control group and the treatment group with 24 ones in each. The control group received the chemotherapy of TS-1, and the treatment group received apatinib additionally. The adverse reactions and objective effects were observed. Results:The objective response rate (ORR) was 54. 1% and 33. 3% in the treatment and the control group, respectively. The disease control rate (DCR) was 83. 3% and 54. 2% in the treatment and the control group, respectively. There were significant differences on ORR and DCR in both groups(P<0. 05), while no statisti-cal difference was shown in the adverse reactions (P>0. 05) between the two groups. Conclusion:Apatinib combined with TS-1 ex-hibits evident short-term therapeutic effect on advanced gastric mucinous adenocarcinoma, and the adverse reactions can be tolerated.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613026

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapy and influencing factors for prognosis of ventilator-associated pneumonia(VAP) caused by multidrug-resistant organisms(MDROs).Methods 169 patients with VAP who were admitted to a hospital between January 2012 and December 2013 were included in analysis, 125 were in MDRO infection group and 44 in non-MDRO infection group.MDRO infection group was subdivided into MDR-A group(n=78, resistant to selected antimicrobial agents) and MDR-B group (n=47, sensitive to at least one kind of selected antimicrobial agent).Antimicrobial choice and prognosis between each group were analyzed and compared.Results 242 strains of pathogenic bacteria were isolated from airway secretion of VAP patients, 173(71.49%) were MDROs.The major pathogens causing VAP were Klebsiella spp.(n=66), Pseudomonas aeruginosa(n=64), Acinetobacter spp.(n=60), Staphylococcus aureus(n=27), and Escherichia coli (n=17), the percentages of MDROs of above pathogens were 68.18%, 50.00%, 91.67%, 88.89%, and 76.47% respectively.The prognosis of MDRO infection group was poorer than that of non-MDRO infection group, MDR-A group had the worst prognosis(P0.05).Conclusion There is high incidence of MDRO infection in patients with VAP, effective antimicrobial therapy can improve the prognosis.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505787

ABSTRACT

Purpose To explore the association of NET-1 expression with the angiogenesis of cervical squamous cell carcinoma and the related molecular mechanism.Methods Immunohistochemistry MaxVision was used to detect the expression of NET-1,NF-κB p65 and VEGF in 80 cases of cervical squamous cancer tissue and 10 cases of chronic cervicitis tissue.The microvascular density (MVD) was assessed by labeling endothelia with CD34-antibody and counted according to Weinner's standard.The eukaryotic expression plasmid pCMV6-NET-1 was transfected into cervical squamous cancer cells by cationic liposome in order to obtain over expression of NET-1 gene.In order to inhibit the activation of NF-kappa B,cervical squamous carcinoma cells were treated with NF-kappa B specific inhibitor PDTC.The protein expression in SiHa cells was assessed by Western blotting.Results The expression level of NET-1 in the cervical squamous carcinoma tissue was significantly higher than that in the tissue of control group.NET-1 expression was positively correlated to the MVD,NF-κB p65 and VEGF expression,respectively.Transient transfection of NET-1 gene significantly increased the nuclear expression of NF-κB p65 and cytoplasm expression of VEGF in the SiHa cells.However,pretreatment of SiHa cells with NF-inhibitor PDTC significantly inhibited NET-1 induced upregulation of VEGF expression.Conclusion NET-1 promotes the angiogenesis of cervical squamous carcinoma through the activation of the NF-κB signaling which upregulate the expression of VEGF in the cancer cells.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514941

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that HLA-identical sibling allogeneic peripheral blood hematopoietic stemcelltransplantation (allo-HSCT) provides higher disease-free and overall survival rates for patients with intermediatecytogenetic risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in complete remission (CR). But prognosis factors have not been fullydefined.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome of patients with intermediate cytogenetic risk AML undergoing HLA-matchedallo-HSCT in CR, and to analyze the prognostic factors.METHODS: Fifty cases of intermediate cytogenetic risk AML in CR receiving HLA-matched allo-HSCT from January2009 to January 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Primary outcome measures of the study included overall survival(OS), relapse rate and non-relapse mortality.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The 4-year OS of the study population reached to 64%, and the relapse rate and NRMreached to 18% and 20% respectively. Incidence of acute graft-versus-host disease was 26%. Different prognosis wasobserved between female donor/male recipient (FDMR) combination transplant and control (4-year OS: 50% vs. 71.9%,P=0.041), between patients requiring more than one course of induction chemotherapy to achieve CR and control(4-year OS: 40% vs. 70%, P=0.038), between older age (≥ 40 years) and control (4-year OS: 44.4% vs. 68.3%,P=0.056). The 4-year OS for matched sibling donor and matched unrelated donor was 63.2% and 66.7% (P=0.427),respectively. Further analysis revealed significantly high non-relapse mortality in FDMR combination transplant (P=0.024)and older age (≥ 40 years; P=0.043). Multivariate analysis revealed three negative prognostic factors: FDMRcombination (P=0.031, RR=1.38, 95% CI: 1.03-1.95), requiring more than one course of induction chemotherapy toachieve CR (P=0.016, RR=1.46, 95% CI: 1.10-1.98) and older age (≥ 40 years; P=0.024, RR=1.63, 95% CI: 1.32-2.12).To conclude, HLA-matched allo-HSCT is a choice for the intermediate cytogenetic risk AML case in CR. FDMRcombination, requiring more than one course of induction chemotherapy to achieve CR and older age (≥ 40 years) areconfirmed as risk factors of poor prognosis for HLA-matched allo-HSCT patients with intermediate cytogenetic risk AMLin CR. To these cases, the donor-recipient sex combination is more important than the donor type in donor selection.

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Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 171-174, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511885

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze high risk factors for poor prognosis in the refractory neonatal respiratory distress syndrome(NRDS).Methods A retrospective analysis was conducted at NICU in the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical university.The newborns with NRDS,chest radiograph for grades 3 and 4,who required mechanical ventilation and pulmonary surfactant(PS)therapy were recruited from January 2014 to December 2015.According to treatment rusults,they were divided into death group(21 cases)and survival group(25 cases).Data regarding antenatal corticosteroid administration,maternal high risk factors,the basic situation of neonatal in the perinatal period,surfactant applications,the blood routine,albumin,lactate dehydrogenase(LDH),creatine kinase(CK),creatine kinase isoenzyme(CK-MB),blood coagulation function with the first 24 hours after birth were collected and analyzed.Results The frequency of using PS in the death group and the survival group was(2±0.9)times and(1.5±0.6)times,the difference between the two groups was statistically significant(t=2.131,P=0.039).Dangerous placenta previa in death group was 19%(4/21),in the survival group was 0%(0/25),the two groups had statistical differences(x2=5.215,P=0.022).CK in death group was(541.5±399.1)U/L,in the survival group was(345.4±173.3)U/L,the difference between of the two groups was statistically significant(t=2.224,P=0.031).Prothrombin time(PT)in the death group was(23.2±6.3)s,in the survival group was(18.5±3.6)s,there was a significant difference between the two groups(t=3.008,P=0.039).Maternal risk factors of premature rupture of the survival group(38.9%)was higher than that of death group(5.0%),the two groups was statistically significant(x2=4.29,P=0.038).The application of prenatal hormone NRDS newborns were more likely to survive,there was statistical difference between two groups(x2=5.197,P=0.023).Multivariate Logistic analysis showed that PT was an independent risk factor for poor prognosis of NRDS.Conclusion PT is an independent risk factor for poor prognosis of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome.

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