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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910652


Tertiary lymphoid structure (TLS) is the ectopic lymphoid tissue around the chronic inflammatory site of tumor, infection diseases, autoimmunity diseases, organ transplantation and so on. TLS is regarded as the vital niche of antitumor immune response in tumor microenvironment for abundant immune cells, and is correlated with better clinical outcomes and immunotherapy response in most solid tumors. As a typical inflammation-driven cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is controversial with the influence of TLS on patients prognosis. In this paper, the composition, formation mechanism, recognition and clinical value of TLS in HCC were briefly reviewed.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871359


Objective:To investigate the distribution features of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) in patients with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and the clinical characteristics of the patients.Methods:Clinical data of 6 759 patients who were treated in Baoding No.1 Central Hospital for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases during January 2015 to July 2019 were collected and analyzed. ANCA was detected by indirect immunofluorescence (IIF). Antibodies against myeloperoxidase (MPO) and protease 3 (PR3) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Results:IIF showed that 558 out of the 6 759 cases tested positive for ANCA with a positive rate of 8.26%. Among them, 382 (68.46%) were positive for perinuclear ANCA (p-ANCA) and 176 (31.54%) were positive for cytoplasmic ANCA (c-ANCA). Anti-MPO and anti-PR3 antibodies were detected in 69 ANCA-positive cases, while the antibodies against other target antigens were detected in 489 cases. The ratio between the two groups was 1∶7.09. The incidence of recurrent respiratory tract infection and pulmonary interstitial lesions in ANCA-positive cases was 69.35% (387/558) and 64.52% (360/558), respectively, which was significantly higher than that in ANCA-negative patients [40.51% (2 512/6 201) and 33.17% (2 057/6 201)].Conclusions:Anti-MPO and anti-PR3 antibody detection could not replace IIF to detect total ANCA for a high rate of missed diagnosis would be caused. Early detection of ANCA would be of great significance to patients with chronic cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.

Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 644-652, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869010


Objective:To investigate the short-term effects of articular injection of hyaluronic acid combined with glucocorticoid in patients with knee osteoarthritis.Methods:From October 2017 to June 2018, a total of 188 patients diagnosed with knee osteoarthritis received parallel articular injection. There were 60 cases with mild knee osteoarthritis, 72 with moderate and 56 with severe according to the WOMAC knee functional score. There patients were divided into group rank Ⅰ48 cases, Ⅱ 49 cases, Ⅲ 45 cases, Ⅳ 46 cases according to the knee joint X-ray Kellgren-Lawrence classification. The unified treatment regimen was 2.5 ml Sodium Hyaluronate (SHA) injection for the first time, SHA 2.5 ml and compound betamethasone injection (CBI) 1 ml for the second week, and 2.5 ml of SHA for the third week. WOMAC score and Lequesne index were used to evaluate joint function before the first injection and after SHA and SHA+CBI injection. The improvement rate of Lequesne index ≥30% or improvement rate of WOMAC score ≥25% was regarded as effective treatment.Results:Lequesne index and WOMAC score decreased gradually in the mild, moderate and severe groups after 3 weeks of injection. Among these patients, the improvement rates of Lequesne index after SHA injection and SHA+CBI injection were 36.44%±8.46% and 49.26%±13.75% in the mild group, 23.09%±12.61% and 30.66%±14.95% in the moderate group, and 10.50%±8.78% and 11.07%±6.52% in the severe group. The improvement rate of WOMAC score in the mild group after SHA injection and after SHA+CBI injection was greater than 25%. After SHA injection, the improvement rate of WOMAC score was 13.06%±10.21% in the moderate group, and 27.49%±13.61% after SHA+CBI injection. Those in severe group were all less than 25%. Kendall's staub correlation analysis results showed that there was a strong positive correlation between WOMAC function score and X-ray Kellgren-Lawrence classification ( r=0.744, P<0.001). The Lequesne index and WOMAC scores of the Kellgren-Lawrence X-ray classification decreased gradually after 3 weeks of injection. The improvement rate of Lequesne index period in group rank Ⅰ after SHA and SHA+CBI injection was 36.64%±10.05% and 52.00%±8.19%, respectively. That for group rank Ⅱ was 32.05%±8.09% and 41.95%±10.53%, group rank Ⅲ 16.93%±10.34% and 27.77%±10.25%, group rank Ⅳ 7.52%±5.53% and 7.60%±6.66%. The improvement rate of WOMAC score period in group rank Ⅰ after SHA and SHA+CBI injection was 29.48%±11.77% and 42.59%±13.55%, respectively. That for group rank Ⅱ was 26.72%±10.21% and 30.49%±16.90%, group rank Ⅲ 13.78%±5.96% and 23.05%±9.52%, group rank Ⅳ 4.77%±3.80% and 4.27%±4.23%. Conclusion:For mild or X-ray classification Ⅰ, Ⅱ knee osteoarthritis patients, articular injection SHA or SHA+CBI are effective. Further, SHA+CBI is better than single injection of SHA. SHA+CBI injection was effective for moderate knee osteoarthritis patients. For severe or X-ray classification Ⅲ, Ⅳ patients, SHA or SHA+CBI injection at interval are invalid.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383587


Objectives To analyze the characteristics of antigenic genes of clinical Bordetella pertussis strains recently isolated by analyzing the sequence of pertussis toxin S1 subunit(ptxS1) , pertactin (Prn) , fimbriae 2 (Fim2) and fimbriae 3 (Fim3 ) genes of four clinical isolates. Methods The 4 clinical isolates were collected in 2002 in Shijiazhuang of Hebei province. Four strains were isolated from pertussis patient's nasopharyngeal aspirate. ptxS1, Prn, Fim2 and Fim3 genes of these strains were amplified and sequenced. The sequences of those genes were compared with those of the isolates in GenBank and the isoaltes used in the production of pertussis vaccine in China. Results The results of the gene sequencing showed the four clinical isolates belonged to ptxS1 A type, which were different from those in vaccine strains. In addition, three Prn and three Fim'3 variants were observed in the four clinical isolates. Sequence analysis showed that the nucleotide sequence and deduced amino acid sequence of those strains had more than 99% identity with those in vaccine strains. The phylogenetic trees of those genes also showed these strains had a higher level of similarity with other Bordetella pertussis strains. Conclusion The four clinical isolates are different from vaccine strains in four antigenic genes, which laid a foundation for further studies on pertussis epidemiology,quality control and development of pertussis vaccine in China.