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1.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 265-273, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995726

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the performance of an artificial intelligent (AI)-based automated digital cell morphology analyzer (hereinafter referred as AI morphology analyzer) in detecting peripheral white blood cells (WBCs).Methods:A multi-center study. 1. A total of 3010 venous blood samples were collected from 11 tertiary hospitals nationwide, and 14 types of WBCs were analyzed with the AI morphology analyzers. The pre-classification results were compared with the post-classification results reviewed by senior morphological experts in evaluate the accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and agreement of the AI morphology analyzers on the WBC pre-classification. 2. 400 blood samples (no less than 50% of the samples with abnormal WBCs after pre-classification and manual review) were selected from 3 010 samples, and the morphologists conducted manual microscopic examinations to differentiate different types of WBCs. The correlation between the post-classification and the manual microscopic examination results was analyzed. 3. Blood samples of patients diagnosed with lymphoma, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia, myelodysplastic syndrome, or myeloproliferative neoplasms were selected from the 3 010 blood samples. The performance of the AI morphology analyzers in these five hematological malignancies was evaluated by comparing the pre-classification and post-classification results. Cohen′s kappa test was used to analyze the consistency of WBC pre-classification and expert audit results, and Passing-Bablock regression analysis was used for comparison test, and accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and agreement were calculated according to the formula.Results:1. AI morphology analyzers can pre-classify 14 types of WBCs and nucleated red blood cells. Compared with the post-classification results reviewed by senior morphological experts, the pre-classification accuracy of total WBCs reached 97.97%, of which the pre-classification accuracies of normal WBCs and abnormal WBCs were more than 96% and 87%, respectively. 2. The post-classification results reviewed by senior morphological experts correlated well with the manual differential results for all types of WBCs and nucleated red blood cells (neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, eosinophils, basophils, immature granulocytes, blast cells, nucleated erythrocytes and malignant cells r>0.90 respectively, reactive lymphocytes r=0.85). With reference, the positive smear of abnormal cell types defined by The International Consensus Group for Hematology, the AI morphology analyzer has the similar screening ability for abnormal WBC samples as the manual microscopic examination. 3. For the blood samples with malignant hematologic diseases, the AI morphology analyzers showed accuracies higher than 84% on blast cells pre-classification, and the sensitivities were higher than 94%. In acute myeloid leukemia, the sensitivity of abnormal promyelocytes pre-classification exceeded 95%. Conclusion:The AI morphology analyzer showed high pre-classification accuracies and sensitivities on all types of leukocytes in peripheral blood when comparing with the post-classification results reviewed by experts. The post-classification results also showed a good correlation with the manual differential results. The AI morphology analyzer provides an efficient adjunctive white blood cell detection method for screening malignant hematological diseases.

2.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 272-276, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993590

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the value of myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) and coronary flow reserve (CFR) combined with coronary artery calcium score (CACS) in the diagnosis of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD).Methods:From January 2019 to December 2020, 96 confirmed or suspective CAD patients (65 males, 31 females; age: 30-81 years) who completed rest/stress MPI, CFR and CACS defection in Fuwai Central China Cardiovascular Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Coronary angiography (CAG) was used as the diagnostic standard to calculate the sensitivity and accuracy of MPI, CFR and MPI/CFR combined with CACS in the diagnosis of CAD. The χ2 test was used to compare the diagnostic efficiency of different methods. Results:The diagnostic sensitivity of MPI was 76.06%(54/71), and the accuracy was 75.00%(72/96), while the sensitivity increased to 97.18%(69/71; χ2=13.67, P<0.001) and the accuracy increased to 87.50%(84/96; χ2=4.92, P=0.020) with significant differences after combined with CACS. The sensitivity and accuracy of CFR were 91.55%(65/71)and 87.50%(84/96), which increased to 97.18%(69/71; χ2=2.12, P=0.137) and 89.58%(86/96; χ2=0.21, P=0.411) with no significant differences after combined with CACS. The sensitivity of MPI in the diagnosis of three-vessel CAD was 70.00%(21/30), which increased to 100%(30/30; χ2=7.75, P=0.004) after combined with CACS; while the sensitivity of MPI combined with CACS in the diagnosis of single-vessel and double-vessel CAD were not significantly improved ( χ2 values: 3.29, 1.51, P values: 0.114, 0.416). Conclusion:The combination of MPI and CACS can significantly improve the diagnostic efficiency of CAD, contributed by the improvement of the diagnostic sensitivity in three-vessel disease; whereas the diagnostic efficiency of CFR for CAD is not significantly improved after combined with CACS.

3.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 414-419, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956393

ABSTRACT

Objective:To screen lipid biomarker in sepsis patients with different survival outcome based on ultra high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry(UHPLC-MS/MS) technique.Methods:From September 2019 to April 2020, 30 septic patients admitted in Department of Intensive Care Unit and 30 cases of physical examination at the same time in Shanxi Bethune Hospital were studied. Lipid metabolite in serum were detected by UHPLC-MS/MS technique. According to the 28 day survival outcome of sepsis patients, they were divided into survival group (21 cases) and death group (9 cases). The baseline data of case group and control group, survival group and death group were compared respectively. Independent sample t-test and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) were further performed to identify lipid biomarkers related to sepsis survival outcome. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve to evaluate the predictive efficacy of differential lipids on the survival outcome of biomarker sepsis patients. Results:There were 32 lipid subclasses and 1 437 differential lipid molecules in the sepsis group compared with the control group. 196 differential lipid molecules in the sepsis survival group and the death group were screened according to the OPLS-DA model (variable weight of projection (VIP)>1), which were glycerophosphingolipids (129), sphingolipids (52), glycerides (14), and sterols (1).All the original data were statistically analyzed by univariate independent sample t-test. There were statistically significant differences in 15 lipid molecules between the two groups. Combined with VIP > 1 and P < 0.01, three lipid molecules were finally screened, which were sphingomyelin (SM) lipid molecules, SM (d30∶1), SM (d32∶2), SM (d32∶1). ROC curve analysis showed that the areas under curves of the above three lipid molecular were 0.915, 0.892, 0.898, respectively. The sensitivity was 77.27%, 95.45%,72.73%. The specificity was 100.0%, 87.5%,100.0%. Further Z-test showed that there was no significant difference in the area under the ROC curve ( Z(SM (d30∶1) and SM (d32∶1)) =0.36, P=0.722; Z(SM (d30∶1) and SM (d32∶2))=0.34, P=0.732; Z(SM (d32∶1) and SM (d32∶1))=0.07, P=0.942). Conclusions:Sphingomyelin may be involved in the formation of different clinical outcomes of sepsis, and has a good predictive effect on the survival outcome of sepsis.

4.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 346-351, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955969

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the changes of serum lipidomics in patients with sepsis and healthy controls, search for the differences of lipid metabolites, and reveal the changes of lipidomics in the process of sepsis.Methods:A prospective observational study was conducted. From September 2019 to April 2020, morning blood samples of upper extremity superficial veins were collected from 30 patients with definite sepsis diagnosed in intensive care unit (ICU) of Shanxi Bethune Hospital and 30 age-matched healthy subjects during the same period. Serum lipid metabolites were analyzed by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS), and the quality control samples were analyzed by base peak spectroscopy (BPC) and verified experimental repetition. Student t-test and fold change (FC) were used for screening significant differences in lipid metabolites and determining their expression changes. Principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal projectionto latent structure discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) were used to determine the entire allocation of experimental groups apiece, access the quality of being near to the true value of model, and screen the differential lipid metabolites with variable importance of projection (VIP). Finally, Metabo Analyst platform database was used to analyze lipid molecular metabolic pathways. Results:BPC results showed that the experimental repeatability was good and the experimental data was reliable. The main parameter model interpretation rate of PCA model R 2X = 0.511, indicating that the model was reliable. The main parameter model interpretation rate of OPLS-DA model R 2Y = 0.954, Q 2 = 0.913, indicating that the model was stable and reliable. With FC > 2.0 or FC < 0.5, P < 0.05, a total of 72 differential lipid metabolites were obtained based on VIP > 1. Based on Metabo Analyst 5.0, 24 distinguishable lipid metabolites were identified including 8 phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), 7 lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC), 6 phosphatidylcholine (PC), 2 lysophosphatidylethanolamine (LPE) and 1 phosphatidylserine (PS). Compared with healthy volunteers, the lipid molecules expression proved down-regulated in most sepsis patients, including PC, LPC, LPE, and some PE, while some PE and PS were up-regulated, which was mainly related to the PE (18∶0p/20∶4), PC (16∶0/16∶0) and LPC (18∶1) metabolic pathways in glycerophospholipids. Conclusions:There are significant differences in lipid metabolites between the sera of sepsis patients and healthy volunteers. PE (18∶0p/20∶4), PC (16∶0/16∶0) and LPC (18∶1) may be new targets for sepsis prediction and intervention.

5.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1491-1497, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954570

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of serum D-dimer combined with myocardial injury markers on admission for early identification of high-risk patients with acute myocarditis.Methods:Patients hospitalized for acute myocarditis in China-Japan Friendship Hospital were retrospectively enrolled from 2010 to 2021. Patients were divided into the high D-dimer level group and low D-dimer level group according to the median value of D-dimer measured by immunoturbidimetry within 24 h of admission. In-hospital adverse events were defined as death, cardiogenic shock, malignant ventricular arrhythmia and new-onset heart failure. Multivariate logistic analysis was used to explore the independent predictors of in-hospital adverse events, and receiver operating characteristic curve was used to evaluate the predictive value.Results:A total of 106 patients were analyzed, including 52 high level D-dimer patients and 54 low level D-dimer patients, with an average age of (36±16) years, and 62.3% were male. Compared with the low D-dimer level group, patients in the high D-dimer level group had lower mean systolic blood pressure [(114±21) mmHg vs. (121±14) mmHg] and diastolic blood pressure [(71±13) mmHg vs. (76±10) mmHg], higher heart rate [(97±26) beats/min vs. (79±15) beats/min], higher C-reactive protein levels [6.82 (1.61, 20.05) mg/dL vs. 1.30 (0.13, 8.93) mg/dL] and creatinine levels [86.95 (67.63, 117.83) μmol/L vs. 68.80 (60.18, 81.93) μmol/L] on admission. The proportion of patients having QRS interval >120 ms on electrocardiogram was higher in high D-dimer level group (25.0% vs. 7.4%). There was no significant difference in patients with positive myocardial injury biomarkers between the two groups. The incidence of in-hospital adverse events was higher in the high D-dimer level group (67.3% vs. 22.2%, P<0.001). Multivariate logistic analysis showed that serum D-dimer levels and elevated myocardial injury markers on admission were independently associated with in-hospital adverse events. The area under the curve (AUC) of elevated serum D-dimer level on admission for predicting in-hospital adverse events was 0.781 (95% CI: 0.690-0.873), the sensitivity was 74.5%, and the specificity was 71.2%. When combined with positive cardiac biomarkers, the AUC was 0.831 (95% CI: 0.752-0.910) with a sensitivity of 80.9% and a specificity of 78.0%. Conclusions:Elevated D-dimer level on admission can predict the risk of in-hospital adverse events in patients with acute myocarditis. The combination of cardiac injury biomarkers can improve the predictive value.

6.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 789-793, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954505

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the protective effect and mechanism of hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA) on severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) related lung injury.Methods:Fifty mice were randomly (random number) divided into five groups: the sham-operated group, SAP group and different doses (20, 40 and 80 mg/kg) of HSYA pretreatment group. Mice were pretreated with HSYA 24 h before SAP induction, pancreatic and lung tissues were isolated for histopathological examination at 72 h after modeling, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was collected for biochemical analysis. Results:Compared with the sham-operated group, serum amylase activity, lung injury pathological score and BALF protein concentration in the SAP group were significantly increased [(2120.44 ± 354.50) U/L vs. (226.72 ± 20.84) U/L; (6.91 ± 0.28) vs. (0.53±0.18); (2563.25±348.22) μg/mL vs. (345.62±56.35) μg/mL, all P<0.05]. Inflammatory factors tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-6 levels and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity were increased [(120.5±14.25) pg/mL vs. (31.5±4.82) pg/mL; (214.72±10.62) pg/mL vs. (39.26±5.66) pg/mL; (4.52±0.34) U/mg vs. (1.03±0.17) U/mg]. Compared with the SAP group, HSYA pretreatment significantly attenuated SAP-related pancreatic and lung tissue damage and the activities of the inflammatory factors TNF-α, IL-6 and MPO in BALF. In addition, HSYA promoted the expression of the antioxidant protein heme oxygenase-1 and blocked the activation of the NF-κB signaling pathway. Conclusions:HSYA exerts anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities to inhibit SAP-related lung injury, which indicated that HSYA may be a potential therapeutic drug for SAP-induced lung injury.

7.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 168-172, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933053

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the prognostic value of thromboelastography maximum amplitude(MA)and arterial blood lactate levels for sepsis in elderly patients.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on clinical data of 63 sepsis patients(≥60 years old)admitted to the Intensive Care Unit(ICU)of Bethune Hospital of Shanxi Province from December 2018 to February 2020.MA values, white blood cell counts, lymphocyte counts, platelets, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ(APACHE Ⅱ)scores, sequential organ failure assessment(SOFA)scores, underlying diseases, body mass index, laboratory test results and other related treatments were analyzed.The subjects were divided into the survival group and the death group according to the 28-day survival outcome.Differences in MA, APACHE Ⅱ scores, SOFA scores and laboratory test results between the two groups were analyzed, and the correlations of MA with infection parameters and age were examined.Influencing factors of survival outcomes were analyzed using multivariate Logistic regression.The receiver operating characteristic curve(ROC)was used to calculate the prognostic value of MA and arterial lactate for sepsis in elderly patients.Results:The main sources of infections were pulmonary and abdominal(79.4%, 50/63)in 63 elderly patients with sepsis.The incidences of positive blood cultures and deaths were 15.9%(10/63)and 66.7%(42/63), respectively.There existed significant differences in lymphocyte counts, arterial lactate levels, MA and lengths of stay in the ICU between the survival group and the death group( t=3.847, 2.153, 2.745, -3.574, respectively, all P<0.05).MA was correlated with arterial lactate, SOFA score and survival outcome( r=-0.498, -0.506, and -0.358, respectively, all P<0.05).Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that MA and arterial lactate were independent factors for the survival outcome( OR=1.626, 0.766, all P<0.05).The area under the ROC curve(AUC, 95% CI)for the combination of MA and arterial lactate was larger than that of either MA or arterial lactate alone(0.89, range: 0.763-0.846; 0.58, range: 0.574-0.730; 0.77, range: 0.521-0.832; all P<0.05). Conclusions:The combination of thromboelastography maximum amplitude and lactate in arterial blood has important clinical value in assessing the prognosis of elderly patients with sepsis.

8.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 39-43, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932022

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the independent prognostic value of minute ventilation/carbon dioxide production slope (VE/Vco 2 slope)on heart failure after acute myocardial infarction. Methods:131 patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) treated in the cardiology department of China-Japan Friendship Hospital from September 2018 to September 2019 were collected and followed up 3 months after discharge. They were divided into heart failure (HF) group and non-heart failure (NHF) group. All the patients underwent cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) before discharge.Results:Three months after discharge, the VE/Vco 2 slope was higher in HF group than in NHF group (36.7±3.8 vs 29.7±4.0, P=0.014). The best VE/Vco 2 slope cutoff for the prediction of heart failure after 3 month was 33.05 with a sensitivity of 81.4% and a specificity of 80.6% [area under curve (AUC) was 0.844, P<0.001]. VE /Vco 2 slope level was an independent predictor of heart failure in patients with acute myocardial infarction after discharge ( OR=1.245, 95% CI: 1.021-1.366, P=0.019). Other independent indicators related to heart failure included N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptid (NT-proBNP) level ( OR=1.283, 95% CI: 1.019-1.399, P=0.033). Conclusions:VE/Vco 2 slope yielded strong, independent predictive value for heart failure at 3 month after discharge to AMI patients.

9.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 438-442, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006723

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate setup and respiratory movement residual error with the guidance of online four-dimensional cone beam computed tomography (4DCBCT) and the impact on margins required to internal target volume (ITV) margin during stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) of lung tumor in the middle or lower lobe. 【Methods】 Twenty SBRT treatment patients with lung tumor in the middle or lower lobe were enrolled for treatment residual error retrospective analysis. Thermoplastic masks were used as immobilization devices during SBRT treatment. ITV was determined by 4DCBCT simulation. A total of 76 4DCBCT scans before the treatment were recorded to determine the setup and respiratory residual error for ITV margins. 【Results】 The setup and respiratory movement error were significantly reduced with the guidance of online 4DCBCT during radiotherapy. The setup residual errors were respectively (0.07±0.12)cm, (0.03±0.29)cm and (0.04±0.14)cm in right-left (RL), superior-inferior (SI) directions and anterior-posterior (AP) directions. The respiratory movement residual errors were respectively (-0.06±0.07)cm, (0.02±0.26)cm and (0.02±0.11)cm in RL, AP, and SI directions. Based on setup and respiratory movement residual errors, the PTV margins of NSCLC were reduced from 1.13 cm, 2.15 cm and 0.90 cm to 0.50 cm, 0.59 cm and 0.56 cm in RL, AP and SI directions, respectively, calculated with recipe by VanHerk. 【Conclusion】 With the guidance of online 4DCBCT, the setup and respiratory movement residual error cannot be ignored during SBRT of lung tumor in the middle or lower lobe. The ITV margin required after online 4DCBCT correction for the patients enrolled in the study would be approximatively 0.6 cm around to ensure an accurate dose to the target tumor and reduce the dose to normal tissues.

10.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 49-53, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885514

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics of neonatal congenital tongue base cyst.Methods:This retrospective study involved 35 neonates with congenital tongue base cyst diagnosed in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of Xi'an Children's Hospital from June 2013 to December 2019. General information, clinical manifestations, supplementary results, treatment and prognosis of these babies were described.Results:(1) The median age at the onset of the disease was 12.5 (0~28) d and the median age at admission was 15 (0~28) d for these babies. The main clinical manifestations were laryngeal stridor (28/35, 80.0%), inspiratory dyspnea and crying, especially when feeding (26/35, 74.3%) and choking and spitting with feeding (23/35, 65.7%). (2) Among the 35 cases, 15 (42.9%) required emergency endotracheal intubation due to significant dyspnea when were admitted to the NICU and five out of them were considered for having tongue base mass under laryngoscopy, while the other 10 cases underwent bedside electronic laryngoscopy after endotracheal intubation, in which space-occupying lesions were found. Tongue base cyst was considered in seven cases with laryngeal stridor complicated by protracted pneumonia using fiberoptic bronchoscopy. The other 13 cases were examined by electronic laryngoscope and considered as tongue base cyst. Thirty-five cases underwent cervical ultrasound and only five of them were considered as tongue base tumor. Thirty-two cases underwent cervical CT scan and only two of them were normal. Three cases were found to have tongue base cyst by cranial MRI. (3) Thirty-four cases were treated by radiofrequency ablation assisted with self-retaining microlaryngoscope and general anesthesia, while the other one firstly received puncture and drainage under direct laryngoscope due to the difficult intubation because of the huge tongue base cyst and then underwent surgery when stable. Only one case (2.9%) relapsed after surgical treatment during regular follow-up.Conclusions:Neonatal congenital tongue base cyst has an early onset and atypical clinical manifestations. Electronic laryngoscopy/fiberoptic bronchoscopy combined with neck CT or MRI examination should be performed promptly in patients with laryngeal stridor and inspiratory dyspnea to facilitate the accurate diagnosis and timely surgery is required for.

11.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2497-2500, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864817

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of applying bed step training machine to carry out lower limb function exercise in the early lung rehabilitation activities of mechanical ventilation patients.Methods:The mechanical ventilation time of ≥24h, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Score (APACHE-II) was selected from February 2019 to August 2019 in the Intensive Care Medicine Department of Shanxi Bethune Hospital, and 64 patients were selected with scores of ≥8 points, giving the step-stepping machine function exercise. Compared changes in heart rate, blood pressure, SpO 2 and ventilator support parameters before and after functional exercise (FiO 2, VT, Rate, PEEP, PS, oxygenation index, rapid shallow breath index). Results:The difference in heart rate, blood pressure, SpO 2 of patients before and after exercise of lower limb function was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). In the ventilator support parameters, FiO 2, VT, oxygenation index, rapid shallow breath index before exercise were (57.19±4.36) %, (421.22±17.31) ml, (172.75± 40.13) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), (47.28±3.89) times·min -1·L -1, after exercise were (49.67±5.82) %, (458.79±15.20) ml, (193.58±32.73) mmHg, (44.03±1.21) times·min -1·L -1, the difference was statistically significant ( t values were 1.389 -5.662, P <0.01 or 0.05).The difference of strain of rate, PEEP, and PS were not statistically significant ( P >0.05). Conclusions:Applying bed step training machine to carry out lower limb function exercise is an effective exercise method in the early Pulmonary Rehabilitation activities of mechanical ventilation patients. This method can make the oxygen concentration support parameters of the ventilator drop, the VT increases, increase patients' self-breathing, the oxygenation index increases, Rapid Shallow Breath Index decreases, and provides a prerequisite for shortening the mechanical ventilation time and going offline as soon as possible.

12.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 656-661, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810786

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the safety and feasibility of colonoscopy - assisted transanal minimally invasive surgery via glove port (CA-TAMIS-GP) in the treatment of early rectal tumors.@*Methods@#A total of 67 patients evaluated as early rectal tumors (adenoma limited within mucosal layer) with diameter ≤4.0 cm at Department of Anal-Colorectal Surgery, Hangzhou Third People′s Hospital from July 2013 to March 2017 were prospectively enrolled in the study. Benign tumors were diagnosed by preoperative imaging in all the patients with the distance to anal edge of 4 to 20 cm. Patients were randomly divided into treatment group and the control group according to the random number table. The treatment group (n=32) underwent CA-TAMIS-GP, including 19 males and 13 females with mean age of (55.6±11.2) years and mean tumor size of (3.3±0.4) cm, while the control group (n=35) underwent endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD, control group), including 20 males and 15 females with mean age of (52.9±12.3) years and mean tumor size of (3.4±0.5) cm. Differences of baseline data between two groups were not significant (all P>0.05). The specific method of CA-TAMIS-GP was as follows: a surgical rubber glove sleeve (No.6) was passed through the anal device; the glove was fixed at the anvil device; after fully expanding the anus, the anal sac was placed into the anus with the fingers outside; then, the cuff and the anal sac were sutured and fixed to the perianal; a well-tight glove path was established; the ultrasonic scalpel, grasper and the colonoscopy lens connected to the host platform and the electric negative pressure suction were inserted into the three finger sleeves respectively and fixed by rubber band or silk thread; the laparoscopic instruments such as the grasper and the ultrasonic scalpel were used for pulling, grasping, cutting, electrocoagulation, suturing and other operations to complete the resection of rectal lesions. Efficacy, postoperative complication and operative cost, etc. between two groups were compared using the student′s t test, chi-square tests, and Fisher′s exact test.@*Results@#Operations of two groups were completed successfully without conversion to laparotomy. Histopathologic examination showed all specimens had negative margins with the surgical resection of the layer to the submucosa, and showed no significant differences between two groups (P>0.05). Compared to the control group, the operation time was shorter [(49.5±14.6) minutes vs.(66.1±17.6) minutes, t=-4.235, P<0.001], and the intraoperative hemorrhage was less [(4.2±1.6) ml vs. (6.2±2.1) ml, t=-4.349, P<0.001] in the treatment group with significant differences. In the treatment group, 6 patients had mild anal pain or discomfort after operation, and 1 patient in the control group showed anal foreign body sensation. The difference was statistically significant [18.8% (6/32) vs. 2.9% (1/35), P=0.048]. The incidence of postoperative hematochezia in the treatment group was lower than that in the control group [9.4% (3/32) vs. 20.0% (7/35), P=0.310] without significant difference. The cost of consumables in the treatment group was (1586.9±204.4) yuan, which was lower than (7694.4±1123.2) yuan in control group, and the difference was statistically significant (t=-30.880, P<0.001). All the patients were followed up for 6 to 36 months after operation, and no recurrence or long-term complication occurred in the treatment group, while 1 case developed local recurrence in the control group.@*Conclusion@#CA-TAMIS-GP is a safe and effective method for early rectal tumors with simple and economical characteristics, which broadens the application of colonoscopy.

13.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 717-723, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751852

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the potential therapeutic effect of luteolin on sepsis-induced ALI and the underlying mechanisms.Methods Total of 50 mice were randomly(random number) divided into five groups:a sham control group,a sepsis-induced ALI group,and three sepsis groups pre-treated with 20,40,and 80 mg/kg body weight luteolin.Mice in the treatment groups were pre-treated with luteolin at the respective oral dose two days before ALI induction.The lungs were isolated for histopathological examinations,and the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was collected for biochemical analyses.Results Luteolin significantly attenuated sepsis-induced ALI.Additionally,luteolin treatment decreased protein and inflammatory cytokine concentration and the number of infiltrated inflammatory cells in BALF compared with that in the non-treated sepsis mice.Pulmonary myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity was lower in the luteolin-pre-treated sepsis groups than in the sepsis group.The mechanism underlying the protective effect of luteolin on sepsis is related to the up-regulation of certain antioxidation genes,including inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS),cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2),superoxide dismutases (SODs),and heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1),and the reduction of inflammatory responses through blockage of the activation of the nuclear factor (NF)-κB pathway.Conclusions Luteolin pre-treatment inhibits sepsis-induced ALI through its anti-inflammatory and antioxidative activity,suggesting that luteolin may be a potential therapeutic agent for sepsis-induced ALI.

14.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 45-48, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734091

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the correlation between platelet function and immunity index in patients with sepsis. Methods The platelet function and immune indexes of one hundred and one patients with sepsis treated in Shanxi Dayi Hospital from July 1st, 2016 to October 31st, 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. According to their shock,they were divided into shock group (34 cases) and non shock group (67 cases). Another 50 healthy people in the same period in our hospital were selected as control group. The relationship between platelet function and immune indexes was compared. Results ( 1) the incidence of maximum blood block intensity decreased in the thrombus map of the septic shock group was higher than that in the non shock group, and the difference was statistically significant ( 65. 67%( 44/67 ) vs. 23. 53%(8/34),χ2=41. 28,P<0. 05); (2) the CD4+T lymphocyte and C3 in the septic shock group were all lower than those in the non shock group ((47. 28%±7. 78) vs. (54. 93%±11. 26),t=3. 554,P<0. 05; (0. 42 ±0. 23) g/L vs. (0. 75±0. 19) g/L,t=-3. 057,P<0. 05),the ratio of CD4+/CD8+T lymphocyte was higher than that in non shock group ((2. 68±0. 18) vs. (2. 45±0. 07),t=7. 18,P<0. 001)). (3) the maximum intensity of blood clots was correlated with the percentage of CD4+T lymphocyte,CD4+/CD8+T lymphocyte ratio,complement C3,acute physiology and chronic health status score system II score,and sequential organ failure score ( r = 0. 617, 0. 411, 0. 563,- 0. 631,- 0. 547, P< 0. 01, or P< 0. 05 ) . Conclusion Thrombocytopenia is present in septic patients,which is correlated with changes in immune indices.

15.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 847-851, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801038

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To survey the current situation of radiological protection in primary medical institutions in Xi′an, analyze the existing problems, and provide countermeasures and suggestions for further strengthening the radiological protection management of radiological diagnosis and treatment in primary medical institutions.@*Methods@#A total of 58 primary medical institutions in Xi′an were selected by stratified cluster sampling according to the work plan of national radiological health monitoring project and the related implementation plan in Shaanxi province. Data were collected by using a unified design questionnaire to investigate and analyze the basic protection situation, radiological diagnosis and treatment equipment, protective auxiliary equipment and their use situations as well as the standardization of the machine room of these radiological diagnosis and treatment institutions. Protective monitoring of the machine room was conducted by the Radiological Health Department of Xi′an CDC together with the relevant data being recorded.@*Results@#The survey found that the holding rate of the license of radiological diagnosis and treatment in primary medical institutions was 96.6%, the ratio of professional and technical workers with professional expertise in radiological diagnosis and treatment 89.6%, the training rate of radiological staff 89.6%, and the proportion of protective equipment 85.7%, the utilization rate of protective equipment 74.3%, the rate of physical examination for radiation workers 91.4%, and the rate of personal dose monitoring 96.5%. There was no statistically significance in the area and at the shortest side of the machine rooms between different types(P>0.05). There were statistically significances in ventilation (χ2=7.034, P<0.05), tidiness (χ2=29.075, P<0.05), warning sign equipment (χ2=23.156, P<0.05) and status indicator light equipment (χ2=23.478, P<0.05) between different types of primary medical institutions. The qualified rate of radiation protection in the workplace of the radiological diagnosis and treatment institutions was 74.1%, and the difference in radiation dose levels in the surrounding environment of the workplace of the radiological diagnosis and treatment institutions between different types was statistically significant (χ2=14.028, P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#The patients′personal protective equipment allocation rate and the utilization rate of examined individuals′ protective equipment in the primary medical institutions are low, the standardization of the radiation workplace is poor, and the radiation protection in the workplace needs to be improved.

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Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 2898-2902, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702168

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Objective To investigate the cognition influencing factors of regular laboratory monitoring of HBeAg negative in chronic HBV infection,and analyze the related factors of HBeAg conversion. Methods From January 2015 to March 2017,a total of 302 chronic HBV infected patients in Jinin Infectious Disease Hospital were investigated with a questionnaire about disease related cognition. Single factor and multiple factors Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the influencing factors of regular monitoring behavior and HBeAg conversion. At the same time,163 cases of HBeAg negative HBV infection were divided into the two groups: regular and irregular monitoring, and disease related laboratory tests and the outcomes were analyzed. Results Psychological pressure(OR = 4. 339, 95% CI:1. 322 - 14. 243),antiviral treatment( OR = 5. 149,95% CI:1. 628 - 16. 283),knowledge of hepatitis B (OR = 3. 306,95% CI:1. 108 - 9. 867) and the stability of disease(OR = 3. 229,95% CI:1. 094 - 9. 528) were the regular monitoring promoting factors(all P < 0. 05). Antiviral therapy(OR = 0. 298,95% CI:0. 108 - 0. 822),virus gene mutation(OR = 0. 202,95% CI:0. 048 - 0. 856),and duration of disease(OR = 0. 340,95% CI:0. 122 - 0. 949) were related factors of HBeAg conversion(all P < 0. 05). The serum levels of ALT,ALB,AFP and HBV - DNA in the HBeAg negative regular monitoring group were (68 ± 34) IU/ L, (40 ± 12) g/ L, (23. 0 ± 5. 9) μg/ L, (2. 0 ± 1. 3)copies/ mL,respectively,which in the non - regular monitoring group were (126 ± 56) IU/ L,(35 ± 10) g/ L, (78. 0 ± 12. 8)μg/ L,(3. 9 ± 1. 7) copies/ mL,respectively,the differences were statistically significant (t = 2. 323, 2. 097,2. 109,2. 234,all P < 0. 05). Conclusion HBeAg negative patients is a key group to monitor and control disease progression. Regular laboratory monitoring is better. Medical staff should enhance patients' cognition education and improve disease control rate.

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Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 139-145, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-638268

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Background The current evaluation of corneal optical quality after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) is based on the single factor,such as scattering,diffraction or aberration,and all of them are not comprehensive and objective methods.Modulation transfer function (MTF) and Strehl ratio (ST) are novel parameters of corneal optical quality,which can be used to assess the optical quality comprehensively.Objective This study was to evaluate the change of MTF and SR under the photopic and scotopic environment (3 mm and 6 mm pupil size,respectively) after SMILE procedure.Methods The study protocol was approved by Ethic Committee of Tianjin Eye Hospital,and written informed consent was obtained from each patient before any medical procedure.A series cases-observational study with self-control design was carried out.Sixty-three eyes of 32 myopia or myopic astigmatism patients who underwent SMILE surgery in Tianjin Eye Hospital were included from December 2013 to March 2014.The uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA),best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) (LogMAR),the effective index (postoperative UCVA/preoperative BCVA) and refractive diopter were examined,and the MTF,SR and root mean square (RMS) on the anterior corneal surface were measured under the 3 mm and 6 mm pupil size at different spatial frequencies (10,20,30,40,50 and 60 c/d) by Sirius anterior analyzer before surgery and 1 week,1 month and 3 months after surgery,respectively.Results UCVA was ≥0.8 in 59,62 and 63 eyes in 1 week,1 month and 3 months after SMILE,with the percentage of 93.65%,98.41% and 100%,and the effective index was 1.104± 0.128,1.126±0.145 and 1.158±0.208,respectively.The refractive diopter was normal in the eyes at postoperative 3 months.The MTFs of various spatial frequencies on the vertical and horizontal meridian under the 3 mm pupil size after SMILE were significantly higher than those before SMILE,while under the 6 mm pupil size,the MTFs were higher only on vertical meridian and 10,20,30 and 40 e/d,and there were not significant differences on the horizontal meridian (all at P<0.05).The SRs under the 3 mm and 6 mm pupil size showed increasing softly after surgery in comparison with before surgery,and the SRs were higher under the 3 mm pupil size than those under the 6 mm pupil size at various time points (all at P<0.05).There were not significant differences in RMS among different time points under both 3 mm pupil size and 6 mm pupil size (3 mm pupil size:F =1.348,P =0.184;6 mm pupil size:F=1.990,P=0.137).Conclusions SMILE provides a great improvement in corneal optical quality for myopia or myopic astigmatism patients,which is more distinct in photopic condition than that in scotopic condition.

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Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 2272-2276, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612982

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Objective To study the application of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) in the evaluation of the stability of carotid atherosclerotic plaque (CAP).Methods 162 patients with CAP were selected as study group.Meanwhile,34 patients with carotid artery strong echo plaques were selected as control group.The color doppler ultrasound was used to observe the CAP.Results The proportions of lipid type,fiber type,calcification and ulcer plaque in the study group were 21.60%,33.33%,34.57% and 10.37%,which were higher than those of the control group (5.88%,2.94%,2.94% and 2.94%),the differences were statistically significant (χ2=4.537,12.859,13.629 and 3.855,all P0.05).The plaque diameter (4.13±0.75)mm diagnosed by CEUS was significantly larger than that of conventional ultrasound [(3.62±1.14)mm],the difference was statistically significant (t=4.757,P=0.000).Conclusion The CEUS can qualitatively detect the atherosclerotic plaque angiogenesis,can quantitatively assess plaque,evaluate the stability of the plaques,and the sensitivity is high.

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Chinese Journal of Medical Ultrasound (Electronic Edition) ; (12): 441-445, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712003

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Objective To demonstrate the clinical value of left ventricular opacification (LVO),compared to conventional echocardiography,on interpretation of apical thrombus,measuring left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF),and monitoring the effects of anticoagulation.Methods This retrospective study included twenty-six myocardial infarction patients with suspected apical thrombus on routine echocardiography in China-Japan friendship hospital between August 2015 and October 2016.All patients underwent LVO using microbubble contrast agent (SonoVue).Six patients had repeated LVO examination 3-11 months after anticoagulant therapy.The diagnostic performance of routine echocardiography and LVO were compared using McNemar test.The interobserver agreement in measuring LVEF by conventional echocardiograph and LVO were analyzed using Bland-Altman analysis.Results Apical thrombus were diagnosed in 6 patients,excluded in 4 patients and inconclusive in 16 patients by routine echocardiography,while diagnosed in 10 patients,excluded in 15 patients and inconclusive in 1 patients by LVO.The inconclusive results were significantly improved when using LVO [96.2%(25/26) vs 38.5%(10/26)] (x2=13.067,P < 0.001).Bland-Altman chart showed the mean difference of LVEF by LVO between senior and junior doctors was 1.5%[95% CI(-9.6%,6.5%)],while the mean difference was 3.5% [95%CI(-23.9%,16.9%)] when using routine echocardiography.The interobserver agreement in measuring LVEF was better for LVO.Six patients were followed up 3-1 1 months after anticoagulation.Of them,1 thrombus disappeared,4 diminished and 1 had no significant change.Conclusion LVO has the potential value of improving the diagnosisof apical thrombus,assessment of LVEF,and monitoring of anticoagulation in myocardial infarction patients.

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Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 694-700, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317566

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<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the impact of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) knockdown by NGAL siRNA encapsulated with urocanic acid-modified chitosan nanoparticles (UAC) on the proliferation, migration and apoptosis of human colon cancer cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>NGAL siRNA was encapsulated by UAC and chitosan (CTS) respectively, and then was transfected into human colon cancer cell lines HT29. The NGAL mRNA was detected by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-QPCR). Relationships of NGAL gene silencing with the proliferation, migration and apoptosis of HT29 cell were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Under the fluorescence microscope, the transfection efficiency of siRNA in UAC group was (37.52±7.17)%, which was significantly higher than (11.32±3.39)% in CTS group (t=6.102, P=0.005). Forty-eight hours after transfection, RT-QPCR examination showed that the level of NGAL mRNA expression was 0.350 in UAC group and 0.529 in CTS group with significant difference (t=-3.743, P=0.02), meanwhile both levels were significantly lower as compared to control group(F=163.538, P<0.001). Proliferation analysis revealed that after silencing NGAL gene, proliferation rate of UAC group and CTS group was slightly lower than control group, and no significant differences were found (F=9.520, P=0.438). However, migration assay demonstrated that the 24-hour migration rate of UAC group and CTS group was significantly lower than that of control group (F=6.756, P=0.029), meanwhile the migration rate of UAC group was slightly lower than that of CTS group [(77.90±7.14)% vs. (87.67±3.98)%, t=-1.704, P=0.164]. Apoptosis detection revealed that the apoptosis rate in UAC group was significantly higher than that in CTS group and the control group 2 days after transfection [(15.800±1.054)% vs. (12.900±0.656)%, (11.933±1.914)%, F=7.004, P=0.027].</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The encapsulated ability and transfection efficiency of chitosan modified by urocanic acid elevate significantly. Silencing NGAL gene by UAC carrier can down-regulate the expression of NGAL mRNA in HT29 colon cell line, inhibit their migration and facilitate their apoptosis.</p>

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