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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874547

ABSTRACT

Background@#This phase 3 study evaluated the efficacy and safety of 6-month treatment with romosozumab in Korean postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. @*Methods@#Sixty-seven postmenopausal women with osteoporosis (bone mineral density [BMD] T-scores ≤–2.5 at the lumbar spine, total hip, or femoral neck) were randomized (1:1) to receive monthly subcutaneous injections of romosozumab (210 mg; n=34) or placebo (n=33) for 6 months. @*Results@#At month 6, the difference in the least square (LS) mean percent change from baseline in lumbar spine BMD (primary efficacy endpoint) between the romosozumab (9.5%) and placebo (–0.1%) groups was significant (9.6%; 95% confidence interval, 7.6 to 11.5; P<0.001). The difference in the LS mean percent change from baseline was also significant for total hip and femoral neck BMD (secondary efficacy endpoints). After treatment with romosozumab, the percent change from baseline in procollagen type 1 N-terminal propeptide transiently increased at months 1 and 3, while that in C-terminal telopeptide of type 1 collagen showed a sustained decrease. No events of cancer, hypocalcemia, injection site reaction, positively adjudicated atypical femoral fracture or osteonecrosis of the jaw, or positively adjudicated serious cardiovascular adverse events were observed. At month 9, 17.6% and 2.9% of patients in the romosozumab group developed binding and neutralizing antibodies, respectively. @*Conclusion@#Treatment with romosozumab for 6 months was well tolerated and significantly increased lumbar spine, total hip, and femoral neck BMD compared with placebo in Korean postmenopausal women with osteoporosis (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT02791516).

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799586

ABSTRACT

Flood disaster is one of the most serious natural disasters in the world, and it could pose an inestimable impact on the affected people. Based on existing laws, regulations, and emergency manuals in China, extensive literature review, epidemiological and related protection evidence, and expert consultation, this study analyzed different health risk factors of flood disaster and proposed a multi-stage, multi-population, and multi-phase comprehensive protection measures for the public in the perspective of pre-event prevention, in-event intervention and post-event rescue strategy, which could provide a scientific basis for improving the level of public health protection against the flood disaster and corresponding health outcomes.

3.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 604-608, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738009

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the association and intensity of baseline TC level with the incidence of lung cancer in men in China.Methods Since May 2006,all the male workers,including the employees and the retirees in Kailuan Group were recruited in the Kailuan male dynamic cohort study.Information about demographics,medical history,anthropometry and TC level were collected at the baseline interview,as well as the information of newly-diagnosed lung cancer cases during the follow-up period.According to guidelines for blood lipids in Chinese adults and the distribution in the population,TC level was classified into five groups as followed:< 160,160-,180-,200-and ≥240 mg/dl,with the second quintile group (160-mg/dl) serving as the referent category.Cox proportional hazards regression model and restricted cubic spline (RCS) model were used to evaluate the association and the nonlinear association between baseline TC level and the risk of lung cancer in the men.Results By December 31,2014,for the 109 884 men,a follow up of 763 819.25 person-years was made with a median follow-up period of 7.88 years.During the follow up,808 lung cancer cases were identified.After adjustment for age,education level,income level,smoking status,alcohol consumption level,history of dust exposure,FPG level and BMI,HR (95%CD of lung cancer for men with lower TC level (<160 mg/dl) and higher TC level (≥240 mg/dl) were 1.34 (1.04-1.72) and 1.45 (1.09-1.92),respectively,compared with men with normal TC level (160-mg/dl).The results didn't change significantly after exclusion of newly diagnosed cancer cases within 2 years of follow up and subjects with the history of hyperlipidemia.Conclusion Our results showed that TC might be associated with higher risk of lung cancer.Men with lower TC level or higher TC level had higher risk for lung cancer.Keep moderate TC level might be one of the effective precaution for the prevention of lung cancer.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806990

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the association between anthropometry and colorectal cancer risk in Chinese males.@*Methods@#Anthropometry and incident colorectal cancer cases were collected on a biennial basis starting in May 2006 among males in Kailuan Cohort (2006-2014). In addition, electronic database of hospitals affiliated to Kailuan Community, Insurance System of Kailuan Community and Tangshan were also searched for supplementary information. Cox proportional hazards regression models and linear models were used to evaluate the association between baseline anthropometry and the risk of colorectal cancer in males.@*Results@#A total of 106 786 males were included and 318 new colorectal cancer cases were identified in the Kailuan male cohort study, with 747 337.60 person-years follow-up by 31 December 2014. The median follow-up time was 7.90 years. Highest quartile waist circumference (≥94.0 cm) or WHtR (≥0.55) had 1.45 (95%CI: 1.05-2.02) and 1.66 (95%CI: 1.15-2.41) higher risk of colorectal cancer when compared with lowest waist circumference (<82.0 cm) or WHtR (<0.48) after adjusting for age, education, smoking, alcohol drinking, sitting time and dust exposure. Subgroup analyses by site indicated that males with BMI ≥26.27 kg/m2, waist circumference ≥94.0 cm or WHtR ≥0.55 had HRs (95%CI) of 2.18(1.27-3.73), 2.20 (1.27-3.78) and 2.42 (1.29-4.56) for colon cancer risk, respectively. Linear models showed the HR of colon cancer and 95%CI would be 1.59 (1.24-2.02) with every 0.1 growth in WHtR.@*Conclusion@#Obesity may be responsible for an increased risk of colorectal cancer in male. Reasonable weight control may be one of the effective measures to prevent colorectal cancer.

5.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 604-608, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736541

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the association and intensity of baseline TC level with the incidence of lung cancer in men in China.Methods Since May 2006,all the male workers,including the employees and the retirees in Kailuan Group were recruited in the Kailuan male dynamic cohort study.Information about demographics,medical history,anthropometry and TC level were collected at the baseline interview,as well as the information of newly-diagnosed lung cancer cases during the follow-up period.According to guidelines for blood lipids in Chinese adults and the distribution in the population,TC level was classified into five groups as followed:< 160,160-,180-,200-and ≥240 mg/dl,with the second quintile group (160-mg/dl) serving as the referent category.Cox proportional hazards regression model and restricted cubic spline (RCS) model were used to evaluate the association and the nonlinear association between baseline TC level and the risk of lung cancer in the men.Results By December 31,2014,for the 109 884 men,a follow up of 763 819.25 person-years was made with a median follow-up period of 7.88 years.During the follow up,808 lung cancer cases were identified.After adjustment for age,education level,income level,smoking status,alcohol consumption level,history of dust exposure,FPG level and BMI,HR (95%CD of lung cancer for men with lower TC level (<160 mg/dl) and higher TC level (≥240 mg/dl) were 1.34 (1.04-1.72) and 1.45 (1.09-1.92),respectively,compared with men with normal TC level (160-mg/dl).The results didn't change significantly after exclusion of newly diagnosed cancer cases within 2 years of follow up and subjects with the history of hyperlipidemia.Conclusion Our results showed that TC might be associated with higher risk of lung cancer.Men with lower TC level or higher TC level had higher risk for lung cancer.Keep moderate TC level might be one of the effective precaution for the prevention of lung cancer.

6.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 732-736, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809438

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the efficacy of tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with postoperative recurrence who harbored uncommon EGFR mutations, and discuss the relationship between TKI treatment and prognosis.@*Methods@#A total of 39 relapsed NSCLC patients after surgery with EGFR uncommon mutations who were detected at Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences between January 1999 and December 2013 were retrospectively analyzed in this study. Twenty patients were treated with EGFR-TKI after recurrence and 19 cases were not. The clinical characteristics of patients with EGFR uncommon mutations were evaluated, and the prognosis of TKI-treatment group and non-TKI treatment group was compared.@*Results@#In 39 relapsed NSCLC patients with EGFR uncommon mutations, insertion mutations and point mutations were included. The highest frequency of EGFR uncommon mutation happened in exon 20 (20/39, 51.3%). A total of 13 uncommon point mutations were detected in exon 18, 20 and 21. The most frequent rare point mutations located in exon 21, and there were 7 different point mutation sites in exon 21. G719S/C/A mutation in exon 18 was the most common type of point mutation (14/25, 56.0%). Survival after postoperative recurrence in TKI treatment group was obviously better than that in non-TKI treatment group, the median time after recurrence were 44 months and 23 months, respectively (P=0.044). However, the postoperative overall survival showed no differences between two groups (48 months vs 43 months, P=0.129).@*Conclusion@#NSCLC patients with postoperative recurrence who harbored rare EGFR mutations should be treated with TKI agent.

7.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 99-102, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508444

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the apoptosis by thiocoraline in combination with cisplatin on cervical cell line c4-1 and Hela and its mechanism. Methods:Different concentrations of thiocoraline and cisplatin alone or in combination used for cultured c4-1 and Hela cells. The inhibition of cell proliferation was detected by MTT assay,and the apoptosis was detected by Hoechst 33342 and AO-EB staining. The expressions of the protein Bax,Bcl2,p53,p21 were detected by Western blot. The cell cycle of c4-1 and Hela cells were detected by Flow cytometry. Results: The cell proliferation activity of c4-1 and HeLa cells were inhibited obviously by different concentrations of thiocoraline and cisplatin alone or in combination. The inhibition effect was in a dose-dependent manner. Meanwhile, when the concentrations of thiocoraline and cisplatin were 10 nmol/L and 4 μmol/L, respectivity the inhibitory effect was most significant (P<0. 05);Hoechst 33342 and AO-EB staining showed that the cell apoptosis effect was more obvious on thiocoraline in combination with cisplatin. The Western blot showed that the expressions of the protein Bax,p53,p21 were significantly up-regulated, and the Bcl2 was significantly down-regulated. Conclusion:Thiocoraline combination with cisplatin could up-regulate the expression of the protein Bax,p53,p21 and down-regulation the expression of Bcl2 to inhibition the proliferation and promotion apoptosis of cervical cell line c4-1 and Hela.

8.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 264-267, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508280

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between miR-211 and the occurrence of epithelial ovarian cancer,and its influence on the proliferation of ovarian cancer cells. Methods:To analyze the expression miR-211,CDK6 and Cyclin D1 of 30 cases of ovarian cancer and ovarian cancer cell lines,and 30 cases of non-ovarian cancer tissues and the normal ovarian epithelial cells were selected as the control group,and to analyze effects of miR-211 on the proliferation of ovarian cancer cells,as well as the Cyclin D1 and CDK6. Results:miR-211 relative expression level of ovarian cancer tissue was significantly lower than that in the normal group ( P<0. 05). Relative expression level of miR-211 of ovarian cancer cells was significantly lower than that in normal ovarian epithelial cells (P< 0. 05);in epithelial ovarian cancer cell line HO8910,cell number of miR-211 on the 3-day and the 4-day was significantly lower than that of miR-Ctrl group (P<0. 05);relative expression levels of Cyclin D1 and CDK6 in epithelial ovarian cancer were significantly higher than those in normal ovarian epithelial tissues (P<0. 05);miR-211 of epithelial ovarian cancer cell lines significantly inhibited Cyclin D1 and CDK6 expression;in ovarian cancer tissues,Spearman correlation analysis results showed that relative expression levels of miR-211 and Cyclin D1 and CDK6 was negatively correlated ( r=-0. 583, P= 0. 010 ) . Conclusion: miR-211 can inhibit the proliferation of ovarian cancer cells,and inhibit the expression of Cyclin D1 and CDK6;miR-211,Cyclin D1 and CDK6 in ovarian cancer may be involved in the regulation of ovarian cancer.

9.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 1200-1203, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495086

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the effect of naringin on human cervical cancer HeLa cell line and its related mechanism.Methods:HeLa cells were cultured in vitro in the presence of different concentration naringin .The method of MTT was used to detect the growth of HeLa cell in 24 h, 48 , 72 h.Apoptotic cells were observed by Hoechst 33258 staining.The protein expressions of COX-2 in SCL-12 cells were analyzed by Western blot .Results: The inhibition ratio of the cell growth in middle dose group and high dose group significantly higher than control group ( P0.05).The apoptosis ratio of the cell growth in middle dose group and high dose group significantly higher than control group( P0.05 ) .The expression of COX-2 was significantly decreased in middle dose group and high dose group .Conclusion: Naringin plays a central role in the apoptosis of the human cervical cancer HeLa cell line ,which may be related to the expression of COX-2.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490721

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the percentage of CD177+ neutrophils in peripheral blood and inflamed mucosa of the intestine in patients with inflammatory bowel disease(IBD)and in healthy controls, and to investigate the correlation between CD177+ neutrophils and mucosal impairment as well as clinical characteristics. Methods A total of 54 patients with ulcerative colitis(UC),62 patients with Crohn disease (CD),and 48 healthy controls were enrolled. SYBR-green Realtime PCR was applied to determine the ex-pression proportion of CD177+ neutrophils in peripheral blood and in inflamed intestinal mucosa to investigate the correlation between CD177+ neutrophils and endoscopic and clinical disease activity. Results In periph-eral blood and inflamed mucosa of the intestine,the expression of CD177+ neutrophils was significantly higher than that in health controls or patients in remission stage(P< 0. 05),with higher proportion( P<0. 05). The expression of CD177+ neutrophils in peripheral blood and inflamed mucosa of the intestine was positively correlated with both endoscopic disease activity index and clinical severity of the disease( P <0. 05). Conclusion CD177+ neutrophils increase in peripheral blood and intestinal mucosa of patients with IBD. The percentage of CD177+ neutrophils is a favorable marker for both endoscopic disease activity and clinical severity of the disease. CD177+ neutrophils may play a vital role in the immune response in the intes-tinal mucosa,as a new subset of effector neutrophils.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479834

ABSTRACT

Human intestinal microbial flora has complex interaction with intestinal mucosal immune system,which maintains intestinal homeostasis. Inflammatory bowel disease( IBD)is a chronic and nonspecific intestinal inflammatory disease,the etiology and pathogenic mechanisms have not yet been fully clarified. Dysbiosis of intestinal microbiota is an important factor in the pathogenesis of IBD,and modulation of intestinal microbiota can be one of the measures for treatment of IBD. This article reviewed the dysbiosis of intestinal microbiota in IBD.

12.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 389-393, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-450936

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnosis and treatment of anorectal malignant melanoma,in order to regulate surgical methods and explore multi-modality treatment.Methods Clinical pathological features,diagnosis and treatment procedures of 38 patients with anorectal melanoma were reviewed,and their correlation with prognosis were analyzed.Results In 38 patients,10 of them were male and 28 were female,with the mean age of 58.7 years old (ranged 28-75 years old).28 patients underwent abdominoperineal resection,10 patients underwent wide local excision.The 1-,3-,and 5-year disease-free survival rates were 64.9 %,18.5 % and 5.7 %,respectively.The 1-,3-,and 5-year overall survival rates were 85.8 %,24.1% and 6.4 %,respectively.Tumor thickness (≥ 1.51 rm) and tumor diameter (≥3 cm) were associated with lymph metastases (x2 =13.093,4.449,P =0.011,0.020),tumor thickness was also associated with distant metastases (x2 =11.965,P =0.018).According to the Kaplan-Meier method,comprehensive treatment after surgery had significant effects on disease-free survival (x2 =7.441,P =0.006).Tumor thickness,lymph metastases,and clinical staging had significant effects on overall survival (x2 =16.741,16.474,16.775,P =0.002,0.000,0.000).Cox proportional hazards model indicated that comprehensive treatment after surgery was the independent prognostic risk factors of disease-free survival (95 % CI 1.420-17.621,P =0.012).Tumor thickness and lymph metastases were the independent prognostic risk factors of overall survival (95 % CI 0.250-0.949,1.033-2.573,P =0.035,0.036).Conclusion Early detection,reasonable surgical procedure,generalized systemic focus on immunotherapy treatment are the key to improve quality of life and prolong the survival time of anorectal malignant melanoma patients.

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 4060-4065, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268423

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is one of the most common malignant tumors. Despite the advances in therapy over the years, its mortality remains high. The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression of small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) proteases 1 (SENP1) in NSCLC tissues and its role in the regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression. We also investigated the association between the expression level of SENP1 and the clinicopathological features and survival of the patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A SENP1 small interfering RNA (siRNA) was constructed and transfected into the NSCLC cells. VEGF gene expression was analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Immunohistochemistry staining was used to assess the expression of SENP1 in 100 NSCLC patients and its association with the clinicopathological features and survival was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>VEGF expression was significantly higher in NSCLC tissues than in normal lung tissues. Inhibition of SENP1 by siRNA was associated with decreased VEGF expression. SENP1 was over-expressed in 55 of the 100 NSCLC samples (55%) and was associated with a moderate and low histological tumor grade (3.6%, 38.2%, and 58.2% in high, moderate and low differentiated tumors, respectively, P = 0.046), higher T stage (10.9% in T1, and 89.1% in T2 and T3 tumor samples, P < 0.001) and TNM stage (10.9% in stage I, and 89.1% in stages II and III tumor samples, P < 0.001). The rate of lymph node metastasis was significantly higher in the SENP1 over-expression group (76.4%) than that in the SENP1 low expression group (33.3%, P < 0.001). Sixty three patients received postoperative chemotherapy, including 34 with SENP1 over-expression and 29 with SENP1 low expression. Among the 34 patients with SENP1 over-expression, 22 (64.7%) patients developed recurrence or metastasis, significantly higher than those in the low expression group 27.6% (8/29) (P = 0.005). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that lymph node metastasis (P = 0.015), TNM stage (P = 0.001), and SENP1 expression level (P = 0.002) were independent prognostic factors for the survival of NSCLC patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>SENP1 may be a promising predictor of survival, a predictive factor of chemo-sensitivity for NSCLC patients, and potentially a desirable drug target for lung carcinoma target therapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Blotting, Western , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cysteine Endopeptidases , Endopeptidases , Genetics , Metabolism , Female , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , In Vitro Techniques , Lung Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , Male , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
14.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1468-1470, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-470690

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of necroptosis in intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats.Methods Thirty-two healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats,weighing 200-220 g,were randomly assigned into 4 groups (n =.8 each) using a random number table:sham operation group (Sham group),I/R group,necroptosis inhibitor necrostatin-1 group (Nec-1 group) and solvent dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) group (group DMSO).Intestinal I/R injury was produced by clamping the superior mesenteric artery for 1 h followed by 24 h reperfusion in rats anesthetized with chloral hydrate.Necrostatin-1 1.0 mg/kg was administered intraperitoneally at 30 min before occlusion in Nec-1 group,while the equal volume of DMSO was given instead in group DMSO.The rats were sacrificed at 24 h of reperfusion and the intestinal tissues were removed for microscopic examination.Intestinal damage was assessed and scored according to Chiu.Blood samples were taken for determination of serum diamine oxidase (DAO) activity.The expression of activitied caspase-3 and receptor-interacting protein 1 (RIP1) in intestinal tissues was detected using Western blot.Results Compared with Sham group,Chiu's score,serum DAO activity,and the expression of activitied caspase-3 and RIP1 was up-regulated in I/R,DMSO and Nec-1 groups.Compared with I/R and DMSO groups,Chiu's score and DAO activity were significantly decreased,the expression of RIP1 was down-regulated,and no significant change was found in the expression of activitied caspase3 in group Nec-1.Conclusion Necroptosis is involved in intestinal I/R injury in rats.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-434387

ABSTRACT

Anorectal malignant melanoma is a rare disease with atypical clinical symptoms and has a high misdiagnosis rate.Combined with rectal touch,endoscopy,ultrasonic inspection,CT,MRI,PET-CT,electron microscopy and the result of immunohistochemistry could help improve the diagnosis rate.This tumor tends to relapse and metastasis with poor prognosis,and there is no effective treatment.We should be on the alert for it,and the main point is early discovery,correct diagnosis,multi-disciplinary comprehensive treatment,in order to improve the survival rate of patients.

16.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 1098-1099, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-392658

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical value of color ultrasound guided coarse needle bioptic histo-pathology in the diagnosis of retroperitoneal solid mass. Methods 32 cases with retroperitoneal solid mass accepted coarse needle biopsy (CNB) guided by color ultrasound, and followed to surgical mass resection. The histopathologi-cal result of CNB was compared to the post-operative pathological diagnosis. Results CNB were successful in all ca-ses and no complications occurred. Compared with the pest-operative pathology,the accuracy of CNB was 93.75% (30/32). There was no false-negative and very low rate of false-positive (3.13% ,1/32) of CNB in diagnosing ma-lignant tumor. Conclusions CNB guided by color ultrasound is a safe and an effective method in diagnosis of retro-peritoneal solid mass.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-581034

ABSTRACT

Objective Using the effect of microneedle array to investigate the feature and rule of transdermal drug delivery of sinomenine hydrogel patch.Methods The microneedles with different length and sinomenine hydrogel patch were prepared;The isolated rat skin was pretreated by different needle-shapes of microneedle array and different timepoints with the same needle-shape,and then sticked the sinomenine patch.The permeation rates of sinomenine were studied using a Franz diffusion cell and compared with passive diffusion of the rat skin untreated.Sinomenine content was measured by HPLC.Results The permeation rates of sinomenine via the skin pretreated with 100 and 200 ?m microneedles were 40.7 and 52.4 times to those of the untreated.The permeation rates of sinomenine via the skin pretreated 7 min with 200 ?m microneedles is 142.0 times to those of the untreated.When skins were pretreated using 200 ?m microneedles with different force, the drug permeation rates were increased with the force increasing.When the force exceeded 5 N,the drug permeation rates were equilibrium.Conclusion When transdermal drug delivery by using microneedle array-hydrogel patch,the permeation rates increase significantly.The needle-shape,skin pretreating time,and force of the microneedles play the important roles in the transdermal drug delivery.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-580822

ABSTRACT

AIM: To prepare flexible nanoliposomes made from active ingredients,phillyrin and volatile oil,from forsythia suspense and study their transdermal delivery system.METHODS: Flexible nanolipsomes of phill-yrin(WN group) and phillyrin in combination with forsythia volatile oil(OWN group) were prepared by the meth-od of membrane-dispersion.Its appearance and particle sizes were measured.Transdermal experiments were carried out on the modified Franz diffusion pool through in vitro mouse skin.HPLC was applied to determining the phillyrin content to compare transdermal rate and cumulative permeation amount of various flexible nanoliposomes.RESULTS: The particle size of the WN group was(180.7 ? 13.69)nm,the Zata potential was-48.8 mV,the average encapsulation percentage was(82.53 ? 2.68)%;the particle size of the OWN group was(212.3 ? 15.31)nm,Zata potential was-51.2 mV,the average encapsulation percentage was(70.49 ? 1.06)%.The accu-mulated permeation amount of the OWN group in 8 hours was(291.92 ? 23.22) ?g/cm2,its transdermal permea-bility in 8 hours was 36.49 ?g/(cm2.h),which was 6.10 folds that of the WS group and 1.92 folds that of the WN group.This difference had statistical significance(P

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