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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928692

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical characteristics and prognosis of 40 children with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), and provide ideas for clinical diagnosis and treatment.@*METHODS@#The clinical characteristics, risk stratification, and different treatment regimens of 40 cases with MDS admitted in Department of Hematology of Children's Hospital of Soochow University from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2017 was retrospectively analyzed. Kaplan-Meier survival curve were used to estimate 3-year overall survival (OS) rate and event-free survival (EFS) rate.@*RESULTS@#In 40 cases, the ratio of male to female was 1.4∶1.0, male was more than female, and median age was 6.0 years old. Among them, refractory cytopenia (MDS-RCC) was the most common type, and 11 cases were chromosomal abnormalities, 21 cases genetic abnormalities. Fifteen cases accepted hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) treatment, while 25 cases did not but drug therapy alone. The 3-year OS rate of the cases who accepted HSCT or not was (72.2±12.2)% and (35.3±10.2)% (P=0.039), 3-year EFS rate was (65.0±12.9)% and (19.2±8.4)% (P=0.012), respectively. Cox regression analysis showed that age < 7 years old (P=0.0333), initial diagnosed platelet < 50×109/L (P=0.007), presence of complex karyotypes and/or gene mutations (P=0.0002), and treatment without HSCT (P=0.016) were the high-risk factors of prognosis. All the children were classified according to IPSS, WPSS and IPSS-R, while analysis result showed that the above three risk assessment had limitations for risk assessment of MDS in children, they could not comprehensively assess the prognosis of children with MDS.@*CONCLUSION@#MDS-RCC in children is more common. Cox multivariate analysis shows that age < 7 years old, initial diagnosed platelet < 50×109/L, presence of complex karyotypes and/or gene mutation, and treatment without HSCT are the high-risk factors of prognosis in children with MDS. HSCT is the most effective treatment to cure children with MDS at present. The current methods such as IPSS-R commonly used in assessment of prognosis in children with MDS show obvious limitation.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Male , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928578

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the incidence of extrauterine growth retardation (EUGR) and its risk factors in very preterm infants (VPIs) during hospitalization in China.@*METHODS@#A prospective multicenter study was performed on the medical data of 2 514 VPIs who were hospitalized in the department of neonatology in 28 hospitals from 7 areas of China between September 2019 and December 2020. According to the presence or absence of EUGR based on the evaluation of body weight at the corrected gestational age of 36 weeks or at discharge, the VPIs were classified to two groups: EUGR group (n=1 189) and non-EUGR (n=1 325). The clinical features were compared between the two groups, and the incidence of EUGR and risk factors for EUGR were examined.@*RESULTS@#The incidence of EUGR was 47.30% (1 189/2 514) evaluated by weight. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that higher weight growth velocity after regaining birth weight and higher cumulative calorie intake during the first week of hospitalization were protective factors against EUGR (P<0.05), while small-for-gestational-age birth, prolonged time to the initiation of total enteral feeding, prolonged cumulative fasting time, lower breast milk intake before starting human milk fortifiers, prolonged time to the initiation of full fortified feeding, and moderate-to-severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia were risk factors for EUGR (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#It is crucial to reduce the incidence of EUGR by achieving total enteral feeding as early as possible, strengthening breastfeeding, increasing calorie intake in the first week after birth, improving the velocity of weight gain, and preventing moderate-severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia in VPIs.


Subject(s)
Female , Fetal Growth Retardation , Gestational Age , Hospitalization , Humans , Incidence , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors
3.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 28-38, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927578

ABSTRACT

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common critical clinical disease characterized by a sharp decline of renal function. Ischemia-reperfusion (IR) is one of the main causes of AKI. The mortality of AKI remains high due to the lack of early diagnosis and cause specific treatment. IR rapidly initiates innate immune responses, activates complement and innate immune cells, releasing a large number of injury-related molecules such as high mobility group box-1 (HMGB1), inflammatory mediators such as caspase-3, and then recruits immune inflammatory cells including M1 macrophages (Mϕ) to the microenvironment of injury, causing apoptosis and necrosis of renal tubular epithelial cells (TECs). Dead cells and associated inflammation further activate the adaptive immune system, which not only aggravates tissue damage, but also initiates M2 Mϕ participated inflammatory clearance, tissue repair and regeneration. Mϕ, professional phagocytes, and TECs, semi-professional phagocytes, can phagocytose around damaged cells including apoptotic Mϕ and TECs, which are key innate immune cells to regulate the outcome of injury, repair or fibrosis. In recent years, it has been found that erythropoietin (EPO) not only binds to the homodimeric receptor (EPOR)2 to induce erythropoiesis, but also binds to the heterodimeric receptor EPOR/βcR, also known as innate repair receptor, which plays renoprotective roles. Properdin is the only positive regulator in the complement activation of alternative pathway. It also can effectively identify and bind to early apoptotic T cells and facilitate phagocytic clearing by Mϕ through a non-complement activation-dependent mechanism. Our previous studies have shown that Mϕ and TECs associated with EPO and its receptors and properdin are involved in IR injury and repair, but the underlying mechanism needs to be further explored. As an important carrier of cell-to-cell signal transmission, exosomes participate in the occurrence and development of a variety of renal diseases. The role of exosomes involved in the interaction between Mϕ and TECs in IR-induced AKI is not fully defined. Based on the available results in the role of Mϕ and TECs in renal IR-induced AKI, this review discussed the role of Mϕ polarization and interaction with TECs in renal IR injury, as well as the participation of EPO and its receptors, properdin and exosomes.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury/metabolism , Animals , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Humans , Ischemia/metabolism , Kidney , Macrophages/physiology , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Reperfusion , Reperfusion Injury
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1429-1439, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924764

ABSTRACT

Synephrine is a natural small-molecule alkaloid found in Aurantii fructus immaturus with versatile biological activities, but its derivatives have been rarely studied so far. Based on the multi-target drug design strategy, the phenolic hydroxyl and secondary amino group of synephrine were modified structurally by the molecular splicing method in this study and thus five intermediates and fifteen target molecules were designed and synthesized. These compounds were evaluated with certain human pathogenic bacteria and fungi, and found that the inhibitory activities of IM4 and IM5 against E.coli are comparable to those of eight fluoroquinolones; TM1n showed stronger inhibitory activity against drug-resistant C. trobicans and drug-resistant C. albicans than the positive control drug fluconazole. TM1d and TM1f against C. albicans ATCC90023, TM1o and TM1f against drug-resistant C. albicans, and TM1f against C. parapsilosis ATCC22019 are all comparable to fluconazole, all of which have the potential for in-depth research. In this study, synephrine derivatives with strong inhibitory activities against human pathogenic fungi were discovered for the first time, which provided a new idea for the further study of synephrine.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912864

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of moxibustion at Shenque (CV 8) on myocardial structure and function in exercise-induced fatigue rats. Methods: A 12-week treadmill running training was performed to create an exercise-induced fatigue rat model. Sixty eligible male specific-pathogen-free grade Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a blank group, a control group, a model group, a non-meridian non-acupoint group, a Zusanli (ST 36) group and a Shenque (CV 8) group, with 10 rats in each group. Rats in the blank group did not receive treadmill running training or moxibustion. Rats in the control group did not receive treadmill running training but received mild moxibustion at Shenque (CV 8). Rats in the model group received treadmill running training but no moxibustion. Rats in the non-meridian non-acupoint group, the Zusanli (ST 36) group and the Shenque (CV 8) group received moxibustion at the non-meridian non-acupoint points, Zusanli (ST 36) or Shenque (CV 8) immediately after each treadmill running training, 15 min each time, once a day for 5 consecutive days a week at a 2-day interval, 60 times of moxibustion in total. Left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDd), left ventricular end-systolic diameter (LVESd), left ventricular diastolic volume (LVDv), left ventricular systolic volume (LVSv), ejection fraction (EF), stroke volume (SV), early diastolic peak flow velocity of mitral valve (E) and late diastolic peak flow velocity of mitral valve (A) of each group before and after the last treadmill running training were measured. Blood was collected 6 h after the last treadmill running training, and serum C-reactive protein (CRP), myoglobin (Mb), creatine kinase-myocardial band (CK-MB), cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and cardiac troponin T (cTnT) levels were detected. Finally, the heart was separated, the heart mass (HM) was measured, the cTnT level of the myocardial tissue was detected, the ultrastructural changes of the left ventricular myocardium were observed by transmission electron microscope, the left ventricular fraction shortening (LVFS), E/A and heart mass index (HMI) were calculated. Results: Compared with the same group before treatment, the rat cardiac LVEDd, LVESd, LVDv, LVSv, SV, E and A were significantly increased (all P<0.01), and the rat LVFS, E/A and EF were significantly decreased (all P<0.01) in the model group and the non-meridian non-acupoint group after treatment; the rat cardiac SV, LVDv, LVSv, E and A were all increased (all P<0.01), while E/A and EF were decreased (all P<0.01) in the Zusanli (ST 36) group after treatment; the rat cardiac LVDv, E and A were significantly increased (P<0.01 or P<0.05), and E/A was significantly decreased (P<0.01) in the Shenque (CV 8) group after treatment. After treatment, compared with the blank group, the rat cardiac LVEDd, LVESd, SV, LVDv, LVSv, E, A, the serum CRP, Mb, CK-MB, cTnI, cTnT and HMI, and the myocardial cTnT were increased (all P<0.01), and the LVFS, E/A and EF were all reduced (all P<0.01) in the model group; compared with the model group and the non-meridian non-acupoint group, rats in the Zusanli (ST 36) group and the Shenque (CV 8) group showed decreased LVEDd, LVESd, SV, LVDv, LVSv, E, A, serum CRP, Mb, CK-MB, cTnI, cTnT and HMI, and myocardial cTnT (P<0.01 or P<0.05), along with increased LVFS, E/A and EF (all P<0.01); compared with the Zusanli (ST 36) group, Mb and A of the Shenque (CV 8) group were decreased (both P<0.01), while both E/A and EF were increased (P<0.01, P<0.05). Transmission electron microscopy examination showed that myofibrils in the blank group and the control group were neatly arranged with clear light and dark bands; the model group and the non-meridian non-acupoint group showed different degrees of myofibril disintegration and breakage, increased and aggregated mitochondria of different sizes, and increased electron density. The myofibrils in the Shenque (CV 8) group and Zusanli (ST 36) group were arranged neatly with clear light and dark bands, and compensatory hyperplasia of mitochondria. Conclusion: Moxibustion at Shenque (CV 8) and Zusanli (ST 36) both can effectively improve the occurrence of myocardial remodeling in exercise-induced fatigue rats, and the effect of moxibustion at Shenque (CV 8) is better in improving cardiac function.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907825

ABSTRACT

Ectopic thyroid gland refers to the presence of thyroid tissue outside the normal position of the neck, which is relatively rare in clinical practice, and ectopic and cancer change is rare. This article focuses on a patient with "supraclavicular mass" as the first symptom admitted to the Thyroid Surgery Department of Binzhou People’s Hospital, After the operation, the pathology confirmed ectopic thyroid cancer with lymph node metastasis, and the imaging showed lung metastasis. This article summarizes the case data.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906002

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the functions and indications, formulation, dosage form and medication characteristics of Chinese patent medicines in the 2020 edition of<italic> Chinese Pharmacopoeia</italic> (part Ⅰ) for treating cough of children, and to provide ideas for the clinical rational application and provide reference for the research and development of new cough medicines for children. Method:The name, dosage form, formulation, functions and indications, usage and dosage, and other information of Chinese patent medicines for cough were collected from the 2020 edition of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia </italic>(part Ⅰ), then relevant information was input into Integrative Pharmacology-based Research Platform of Traditional Chinese Medicine v2.0, and data analysis and mining were carried out through the analysis module of prescription medication rule, VOSviewer 1.6.14 was used to make drug clustering network view of Chinese patent medicines for the treatment of exogenous wind cold, exogenous wind heat and phlegm heat cough. Result:In the 2020 edition of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia </italic>(part Ⅰ), a total of 75 kinds of Chinese patent medicines for treating cough of children were collected, including 34 kinds of Chinese patent medicines for adults and children, 41 kinds of Chinese patent medicines for children only. There were 7 types of traditional Chinese medicine syndromes, such as wind-cold attacking the lung, wind-heat invading the lung and phlegm-heat obstructing the lung. There were 45 Chinese patent medicines for treating exogenous cough, accounting for 60%, among which 35 kinds were used for exogenous wind-heat cough and 10 kinds were used for wind-cold cough. There were 30 kinds of Chinese patent medicines for treating internal injury cough, including 19 kinds of medicines for phlegm heat obstructing the lung, 4 kinds of medicines for phlegm dampness containing the lung and phlegm food stagnation, 2 kinds of medicines for Yin-deficiency lung heat, 1 kind of medicine for the lung and spleen Qi-deficiency. The formulation analysis showed that Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Platycodonis Radix, Scutellariae Radix, Armeniacae Semen Amarum and Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium appeared frequently, which were mainly cold, bitter and sweet herbs, mainly belonged to the lung and stomach meridians. According to the analysis of administration and dosage forms, 71 kinds of Chinese patent medicines were administered through gastrointestinal tract, including 20 kinds of granules, 15 kinds of oral liquids, others included syrups, pills, capsules, tablets, powers, etc. Only 2 suppositories and 2 injections were administered by nongastrointestinal tract. The usage and dosage of most Chinese patent medicines were not clear. Conclusion:In the 2020 edition of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia </italic>(part Ⅰ), the main syndromes of Chinese patent medicines for cough of children are exogenous wind-heat and phlegm-heat obstruction in the lung. Most of the Chinese medicines are cold, bitter and sweet, and their meridians are mainly lung and stomach meridians. Scutellariae Radix, Lonicerae Japonicae Flos and Forsythiae Fructus are the most common medicines of exogenous wind heat syndrome. Perillae Folium, Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium and Ephedrae Herba are the most common medicines of exogenous wind cold syndrome. Meanwhile, Scutellariae Radix, Platycodonis Radix and Armeniacae Semen Amarum are the most common medicines of phlegm heat obstructing the lung syndrome. At present, the dosage forms of Chinese patent medicines used for treating cough of children are too few and the dosage labeling is not comprehensive, so it is necessary to further strengthen the research and development of new Chinese medicines suitable for characteristics of children.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905955

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of Chaihu Jia Longgu Muli Tang on the hippocampus of rats with chronic stress depression based on the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)/tyrosine kinase B (TrkB)/cyclic adenosine phosphate response element-binding protein (CREB) pathway. Method:Sixty SD rats were divided into a blank group (<italic>n</italic>=10) and an experimental group (<italic>n</italic>=50) for the induction of the chronic stress depression model. The rats in the experimental group were further divided into the following five groups: a model group, a fluoxetine hydrochloride group (0.003 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and low-(1.625 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), medium-(3.25 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and high-dose (6.5 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) Chaihu Jia Longgu Muli Tang groups. The rats were administered correspondingly by gavage once a day for eight weeks. Behavioral tests were performed to evaluate the depression state of the rats before modeling, after modeling, and after drug administration. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the morphological changes in the hippocampus of rats. The immunohistochemical (IHC) staining was used to quantitatively detect BDNF protein expression in the rat hippocampus. The mRNA and protein expression of BDNF, TrkB, and CREB in the rat hippocampus was detected by the real-time fluorescence-based quantitative PCR (Real-time PCR) and Western blot, respectively. Result:Compared with the blank group, the model group showed decreased sucrose preference rate (<italic>P</italic><0.05), declining horizontal and vertical scores (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and prolonged immobility time and floating time (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Additionally, HE staining results revealed that hippocampal neuron structure was damaged. IHC staining showed that the mRNA and protein expression of BDNF, TrkB, and CREB was significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Compared with the model group, the fluoxetine hydrochloride group and the Chaihu Jia Longgu Muli Tang groups displayed elevated sucrose preference rate (<italic>P</italic><0.05), increased horizontal and vertical scores (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and shortened immobility time and floating time (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Furthermore, the hippocampal neuron structure was significantly repaired. IHC staining showed that the mRNA and protein expression of BDNF, TrkB, and CREB was significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Chaihu Jia Longgu Muli Tang can significantly improve the depression-like behaviors of rats after chronic stress stimulation and enhance the regeneration and repair of neurons in the hippocampus. The underlying mechanism may be related to the up-regulation of the BDNF/TrkB/CREB signaling pathway in the hippocampus of rats.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905285

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the medical ethics and willingness to participate in pharmacological clinical trials of patients with chronic diseases, and explore the related factors. Methods:In December, 2020, 318 patients with chronic diseases from the Department of Internal Medicine, Beijing Bo'ai Hospital were investigated with a self-made medical ethics questionnaire for the items of medical ethics and willingness to participate in pharmacological clinical trials. Results:The attention to medical knowledge, awareness of their rights and responsibilities were various with the courses of disease, educational levels and resident areas. The satisfaction for treatment and trust to the doctors were related with the willingness to participate in pharmacological clinical trials by multivariate Logistic regression (P < 0.05). The patients in trials paid the most attention to the safety of the trail, and then the therapeutic effect. Conclusion:Promoting and protecting the medical rights, improving the trust to doctors, strengthening the publicity of clinical trial knowledge, may promote the willingness to participate in pharmacological clinical trials of patients with chronic diseases.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905151

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the balance in young adult with scoliosis. Methods:From June to December, 2020, 30 college students with scoliosis in the outpatient department of Rehabilitation Department of Kunming Medical University Hospital were as the patients, and 30 normal peers were as the controls. They were measured with Pro-Kin balance test system to assess the static stability of both feet standing with eyes opened and closed, and the static and dynamic limit of stability (LOS) of both feet standing. Results:The moving distance of center of pressure (COP) on the Y-axis was longer in the patients than in the controls with both eye-opened and eye-closed (t > 2.022, P < 0.05). The static and dynamic LOS was less in the patients than in the controls (t > 3.365, P < 0.01). For static LOS, it was less in all the directions except left-forward and backward (t > 2.410, P < 0.05); for dynamic LOS, it was less in the directions of forward, right, left and left-forward (t > 2.446, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Both static and dynamic balance is deficient for yong adults with scoliosis, which may result in risk of fall.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905074

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss clinical effect of addition and subtraction therapy of Ditantang combined with Taohong Siwutang to cerebral infarction and syndrome of phlegm and blood stasis blocking collaterals during early recovery, and to study protection to brain nerve. Method:One hundred and fifty-two patients were randomly divided into control group (76 cases) and observation group (76 cases) by random number table, 71 patients in control group completed the therapy (5 patients were falling off, missing visit or eliminated), and 70 patients in observation group completed the therapy. Both groups' patients got comprehensive rehabilitation measures. Patients in control group got Zhongfeng Huichun pills, 1.5 g/time, 3 times/day. Patients in observation group got addition and subtraction therapy of Ditantang combined with Taohong Siwutang in the morning and at night, 1 dose/day. The treatment was continued for 12 weeks. Before and after treatment, scores of degree of neurological deficit, Barthel (BI) index, Fugl-Meyer scale (FMA), modified Rankin scale (MRS) and syndrome of phlegm and blood stasis blocking collaterals were graded. And levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), superoxide dismutase (SOD), advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neuron specific enolase (NSE). And cerebral hemodynamics were detected, and peak flow velocity (VS), vascular resistance index (RI), pulsatility index (PI) and cerebrovascular reserve function (CVR) were recorded. Safety was evaluated. Result:After the 6th week and 12th week of treatment, scores of degree of neurological deficit, BI, FMA, MRS, syndrome of phlegm and blood stasis blocking collaterals, AOPP, MDA, NSE, RI and PI were lower than those in control group (P<0.01), levels of SOD, GSH-Px, BDNF, VEGF, Vs and CVR were higher than those in control group (P<0.01). The clinical effect was better than which in control group (Z=2.109, P<0.05). Besides, there was no adverse reaction caused by Ditantang combined with Taohong Siwutang. Conclusion:Ditantang combined with Taohong Siwutang can ameliarate the hemodynamics, reduce the lipid peroxidation damage, regulate the neurovascular repair factor, so it can promote the repair of nerve tissue and function, clinically reduce the degree of nerve function defect, improve the ability of daily life and exercise when it used to cerebral infarction and syndrome of phlegm and blood stasis blocking collaterals during early recovery, and it is good for clinical effect and safe using.

12.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2400-2404, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904956

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression level of serum miR-486-5p in patients with pancreatic cancer and the value of serum miR-486-5p combined with carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) in predicting the resectability of pancreatic cancer. Methods A total of 60 patients who were diagnosed with pancreatic cancer in Qingdao Municipal Hospital from September 2018 to December 2020 were enrolled, among whom 32 patients had resectable or borderline resectable pancreatic cancer (operable group) and 28 had unresectable pancreatic cancer (non-operable group), and a benign pancreatic disease group with 30 patients and a healthy control group with 44 individuals were also established. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the serum level of miR-486-5p in each group, and the relative expression level of miR-486-5p was calculated to analyze its association with the clinical features of pancreatic cancer, including age, sex, tumor location, tumor size, TNM stage, lymphatic metastasis, and distant metastasis. The Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous variables between two groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical variables. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted, and a binary logistic regression analysis was used to calculate the combined predictive value and then investigate the value of serum miR-486-5p combined with CA19-9 in predicting the resectability of pancreatic cancer. Results The relative expression level of serum miR-486-5p in the operable group [2.16 (1.38~3.30)] and the non-operable group [4.65 (2.80~9.90)] was significantly higher than that in the benign pancreatic disease group [1.01 (0.52~1.53)] and the healthy control group [0.99 (0.24~1.01)] (all P < 0.001). There were significant differences in the number of patients with low or high expression of miR-486-5p between the patients with different TNM stages, presence or absence of lymphatic metastasis, and presence or absence of distant metastasis ( χ 2 =13.765, 5.157, and 6.638, all P < 0.05). Compared with CA19-9 alone, miR-486-5p+CA19-9 had a significantly better value in distinguishing the operable group from the benign pancreatic disease group (area under the ROC curve [AUC]=0.87, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 0.760-0.942; with a sensitivity of 81.3% and a specificity of 83.3%), distinguishing the operable group from the healthy control group (AUC=0.92, 95% CI : 0.836-0.970; with a sensitivity of 90.6% and a specificity of 86.4%), and distinguishing the operable group from the non-operable group (AUC=0.94, 95% CI : 0.884-0.998; with a sensitivity of 85.7% and a specificity of 93.7%) ( Z =2.841, 2.510, and 2.387, all P < 0.05), and the optimal cut-off values were 3.12, 3.21, and 6.63, respectively. Conclusion MiR-486-5p can be used as a serum biomarker for the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer, and miR-486-5p combined with CA19-9 has a better clinical value than CA19-9 alone in predicting the resectability of pancreatic cancer in the patients with benign pancreatic diseases and the healthy population.

13.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2400-2404, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904906

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression level of serum miR-486-5p in patients with pancreatic cancer and the value of serum miR-486-5p combined with carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) in predicting the resectability of pancreatic cancer. Methods A total of 60 patients who were diagnosed with pancreatic cancer in Qingdao Municipal Hospital from September 2018 to December 2020 were enrolled, among whom 32 patients had resectable or borderline resectable pancreatic cancer (operable group) and 28 had unresectable pancreatic cancer (non-operable group), and a benign pancreatic disease group with 30 patients and a healthy control group with 44 individuals were also established. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the serum level of miR-486-5p in each group, and the relative expression level of miR-486-5p was calculated to analyze its association with the clinical features of pancreatic cancer, including age, sex, tumor location, tumor size, TNM stage, lymphatic metastasis, and distant metastasis. The Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous variables between two groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical variables. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted, and a binary logistic regression analysis was used to calculate the combined predictive value and then investigate the value of serum miR-486-5p combined with CA19-9 in predicting the resectability of pancreatic cancer. Results The relative expression level of serum miR-486-5p in the operable group [2.16 (1.38~3.30)] and the non-operable group [4.65 (2.80~9.90)] was significantly higher than that in the benign pancreatic disease group [1.01 (0.52~1.53)] and the healthy control group [0.99 (0.24~1.01)] (all P < 0.001). There were significant differences in the number of patients with low or high expression of miR-486-5p between the patients with different TNM stages, presence or absence of lymphatic metastasis, and presence or absence of distant metastasis ( χ 2 =13.765, 5.157, and 6.638, all P < 0.05). Compared with CA19-9 alone, miR-486-5p+CA19-9 had a significantly better value in distinguishing the operable group from the benign pancreatic disease group (area under the ROC curve [AUC]=0.87, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 0.760-0.942; with a sensitivity of 81.3% and a specificity of 83.3%), distinguishing the operable group from the healthy control group (AUC=0.92, 95% CI : 0.836-0.970; with a sensitivity of 90.6% and a specificity of 86.4%), and distinguishing the operable group from the non-operable group (AUC=0.94, 95% CI : 0.884-0.998; with a sensitivity of 85.7% and a specificity of 93.7%) ( Z =2.841, 2.510, and 2.387, all P < 0.05), and the optimal cut-off values were 3.12, 3.21, and 6.63, respectively. Conclusion MiR-486-5p can be used as a serum biomarker for the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer, and miR-486-5p combined with CA19-9 has a better clinical value than CA19-9 alone in predicting the resectability of pancreatic cancer in the patients with benign pancreatic diseases and the healthy population.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903870

ABSTRACT

This paper is to illustrate the infestation and related ecological characteristics of chigger mites on the Asian house rat (Rattus tanezumi). A total of 17,221 chigger mites were collected from 2,761 R. tanezumi rats, and then identified as 131 species and 19 genera in 2 families. Leptotrombidium deliense, the most powerful vector of scrub typhus in China, was the first major dominant species on R. tanezumi. All the dominant mite species were of an aggregated distribution among different individuals of R. tanezumi. The species composition and infestations of chiggers on R. tanezumi varied along different geographical regions, habitats and altitudes. The species-abundance distribution of the chigger mite community was successfully fitted and the theoretical curve equation was Ŝ (R)=37e–(0.28R)2. The total chigger species on R. tanezumi were estimated to be 199 species or 234 species, and this further suggested that R. tanezumi has a great potential to harbor abundant species of chigger mites. The results of the species-plot relationship indicated that the chigger mite community on R. tanezumi in Yunnan was an uneven community with very high heterogeneity. Wide geographical regions with large host samples are recommended in the investigations of chigger mites.

15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1561-1568, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887583

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Delivery room resuscitation assists preterm infants, especially extremely preterm infants (EPI) and extremely low birth weight infants (ELBWI), in breathing support, while it potentially exerts a negative impact on the lungs and outcomes of preterm infants. This study aimed to assess delivery room resuscitation and discharge outcomes of EPI and ELBWI in China.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of EPI (gestational age [GA] <28 weeks) and ELBWI (birth weight [BW] <1000 g), admitted within 72 h of birth in 33 neonatal intensive care units from five provinces and cities in North China between 2017 and 2018, were analyzed. The primary outcomes were delivery room resuscitation and risk factors for delivery room intubation (DRI). The secondary outcomes were survival rates, incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), and risk factors for BPD.@*RESULTS@#A cohort of 952 preterm infants were enrolled. The incidence of DRI, chest compressions, and administration of epinephrine was 55.9% (532/952), 12.5% (119/952), and 7.0% (67/952), respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed that the risk factors for DRI were GA <28 weeks (odds ratio [OR], 3.147; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.082-4.755), BW <1000 g (OR, 2.240; 95% CI, 1.606-3.125), and antepartum infection (OR, 1.429; 95% CI, 1.044-1.956). The survival rate was 65.9% (627/952) and was dependent on GA. The rate of BPD was 29.3% (181/627). Multivariate analysis showed that the risk factors for BPD were male (OR, 1.603; 95% CI, 1.061-2.424), DRI (OR, 2.094; 95% CI, 1.328-3.303), respiratory distress syndrome exposed to ≥2 doses of pulmonary surfactants (PS; OR, 2.700; 95% CI, 1.679-4.343), and mechanical ventilation ≥7 days (OR, 4.358; 95% CI, 2.777-6.837). However, a larger BW (OR, 0.998; 95% CI, 0.996-0.999), antenatal steroid (OR, 0.577; 95% CI, 0.379-0.880), and PS use in the delivery room (OR, 0.273; 95% CI, 0.160-0.467) were preventive factors for BPD (all P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Improving delivery room resuscitation and management of respiratory complications are imperative during early management of the health of EPI and ELBWI.


Subject(s)
Birth Weight , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia , China/epidemiology , Delivery Rooms , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight , Infant, Extremely Premature , Infant, Newborn , Male , Pregnancy
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881493

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a specific and sensitive method using loop-mediated isothermal amplification for rapid screening of Salmonella. Methods:The invA gene sequence of Salmonella was downloaded from GenBank. After homology comparison with DNAMAN software, amplification primers were designed in the conserved region, and a LAMP-LFD detection method was established. The reaction system was optimized, and the specificity and sensitivity of the method were verified. Results:The sensitivity of this method to detect Salmonella DNA was up to 1.0×101 copies/μL. The positive rate of anal swabs was the same as that of fluorescent PCR. Meanwhile, LAMP-LFD was easy to operate and did not need expensive instruments. The detection result could be obtained within 30 minutes. Conclusion:The LAMP-LFD method established in this study is rapid, simple, sensitive and specific, which is suitable for rapid screening of Salmonella.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881484

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the current situation and needs of maternal health care under the two-child policy, and to provide possible measures for two-child maternal health care. Methods:The questionnaire survey on the two-child maternal health care was conducted during the initial diagnosis in the department of obstetrics, and the pregnancy outcome was investigated through medical records after delivery. Results:Among 719 pregnant women, the proportion of multiparas was 28.0%. The proportion of increased age (27.4%) and cesarean section (34.0%) in the multiparas were significantly higher than those in the primiparas (6.6% and 26.1%, respectively). The main differences in the risk assessment between multiparas and primiparas were scarred uterus and age. The most important indicator of multiparas’ caesarean section was scarred uterus. The proportions of pre-pregnancy examination (55.2%), recording in the Shanghai Maternal Health Care System (95.3%), and participation or willingness to participating in pregnancy school (77.2%) among primiparas were significantly higher than those among multiparas (26.3%,93.0%,and 47.4%, respectively). Conclusion:Multiparas do not pay attention to the standard maternal health care, and are lack of knowledge about the second child birth. Maternal health care should be strengthened for multiparas by health education, such as social media, distribution of reading materials and face-to-face consultation.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896166

ABSTRACT

This paper is to illustrate the infestation and related ecological characteristics of chigger mites on the Asian house rat (Rattus tanezumi). A total of 17,221 chigger mites were collected from 2,761 R. tanezumi rats, and then identified as 131 species and 19 genera in 2 families. Leptotrombidium deliense, the most powerful vector of scrub typhus in China, was the first major dominant species on R. tanezumi. All the dominant mite species were of an aggregated distribution among different individuals of R. tanezumi. The species composition and infestations of chiggers on R. tanezumi varied along different geographical regions, habitats and altitudes. The species-abundance distribution of the chigger mite community was successfully fitted and the theoretical curve equation was Ŝ (R)=37e–(0.28R)2. The total chigger species on R. tanezumi were estimated to be 199 species or 234 species, and this further suggested that R. tanezumi has a great potential to harbor abundant species of chigger mites. The results of the species-plot relationship indicated that the chigger mite community on R. tanezumi in Yunnan was an uneven community with very high heterogeneity. Wide geographical regions with large host samples are recommended in the investigations of chigger mites.

19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1266-1270, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888550

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the genotypes and distribution of thalassemia in children in Quanzhou Region so as to provide reference for the prevention and control of thalassemia.@*METHODS@#A total of 1 302 children with suspected thalassemia were collected from January 2014 to April 2020 in Quanzhou Region. The deletional α-thalassemia was detected by Gap-PCR, and DNA reverse dot blot (RDB) hybridization was used to detect α- and β-thalassemia mutations.@*RESULTS@#In the 1 302 cases, 667 cases were identified as thalassemia carriers, and the positive detection rate was about 51.23%. Among them, 380 cases of α-thalassemia gene were detected, and --@*CONCLUSION@#There are various genotypes of thalassemia in children in Quanzhou Region, and many children with thalassemia major or intermedia. Therefore, further prevention and control of thalassemia need to be strengthened for reducing the birth of thalassemia major or intermedia.


Subject(s)
Child , China , Genetic Testing , Genotype , Heterozygote , Humans , Mutation , alpha-Thalassemia/genetics , beta-Thalassemia/genetics
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922381

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To construct risk prediction models for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants on postnatal days 3, 7, and 14.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 414 preterm infants, with a gestational age of <32 weeks and a birth weight (BW) of <1 500 g, who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit from July 2019 to April 2021. According to the diagnostic criteria for BPD revised in 2018, they were divided into a BPD group with 98 infants and a non-BPD group with 316 infants. The two groups were compared in terms of general status, laboratory examination results, treatment, and complications. The logistic regression model was used to identify the variables associated with BPD. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the predictive value of models.@*RESULTS@#The logistic regression analysis showed that BW, asphyxia, grade III-IV respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), acute chorioamnionitis, interstitial pneumonia, fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO@*CONCLUSIONS@#BW, asphyxia, grade III-IV RDS, acute chorioamnionitis, interstitial pneumonia, FiO


Subject(s)
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/etiology , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Pregnancy , Respiration, Artificial , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn , Retrospective Studies
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