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1.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 217-218, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933196

ABSTRACT

Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT)is a potentially or low-grade malignant mesenchymal neoplasm, which is rare in clinic. Renomedullary interstitial cell tumor(RICT) is a clinically rare benign renal tumor. The combination of these two diseases in one patient has not been reported. A 25-year-old female patient was admitted to the hospital due to left back pain for 12 days and hematuria for 1 week. MRI of kidneys showed a mass in the left renal pelvis, which was considered as renal pelvic carcinoma. Urine cytopathological examination was negative. Robot-assisted laparoscopic radical left nephroureterectomy was performed. There was no tumor recurrence or metastasis during the follow-up for more than 6 months after operation.

2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 491-496, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911056

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the experience and results of the modified lateral prostate capsule sparing robot-assisted radical cystectomy-orthotopic ileal neobladder (LPCS-RARC-OIN).Methods:From December 2018 to November 2020, 19 patients received LPCS-RARC-OIN by a single surgeon in Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University. LPCS-RARC-OIN was performed on male patients with high-risk non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer or muscle-invasive bladder cancer cT 2N 0M 0 without tumour in the bladder neck or urethra, and prostate cancer was ruled out by MRI and serum PSA<2.5ng/ml. The average age was 57.6 years, the average IIEF-5 score was 20.4. Separating the prostatic adenoma and the lateral prostate capsule from the base to the apex of the prostate, and retaining the lateral prostate surgical capsule or lateral prostate capsule about 1-2mm thickness. Patients were followed up and urinary function, sexual function and oncological outcomes were recorded. Results:All 19 operations were finished successfully. The average operation time was 279.9 (225-345) min and average estimated blood loss was 88.9 (30-200) ml. The average postoperative hospital stays was 15.8 (9 -23) days. The average lymph node yields was 23.3 (11-42). All surgical margins were negative and no incidental prostate cancer was found. 2 weeks, 1 month, 3 months and 6 months after catheter removal, the daytime and nighttime continence were 42.1% (8/19)and 36.8% (7/19), 63.2% (12/19)and 63.2% (12/19), 78.9% (15/19) and 73.7% (14/19), 94.7% (18/19) and 89.5% (17/19), respectively. 3 months and 6 months after operation, the average IIEF-5 score was 7.2 and 10.1 points respectively. The average follow-up was 10.6 months (5.4-26.1 months)and no recurrence or distant metastasis was found in this study.Conclusions:LPCS-RARC-OIN could improve the urinary and sexual function in selected patients. However, the long-term follow up is needed for functional and oncological outcomes.

3.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 495-499, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709551

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare split-cuff nipple and direct ureteroileal anastomosis during ureteroileal anastomosis.Methods Between December,2014 and March,2017,a prospective randomized study was conducted on 70 patients who underwent radical cystectomy and urinary diversion.In every patient,both ureters were randomized to be implanted using an antireflux,split-cuff nipple technique (group A) or a reflux,direct technique (group B).After pelvic lymph node dissection and radical cystectomy,a Mshape orthotopic ileal neobladder was constructed and two ureters were implanted with single-J tubes placed for 10-12 days.For split-cuff nipple technique,a 0.5 cm longitudinal incision in the ureter was made,and the ureteral wall was turned back on itself,construction a nipple.The cuff was stabilized at the corners with sutures.The ureter was then placed into the bowel with 0.5 cm nipple.The ureter was sutured to the full thickness of the bowel wall with interrupted 4-0 PDS.For direct technique,a 0.5 cm incision in the ureter was made,the full thickness of the ureter was sewn to the mucosa of the bowel.Results 70 patients were enrolled in the study,63 males and 7 females,(62.5 ± 10.4) years old.Over a median follow-up of 13.2 months,one patients had bilateral anastomosis stricture 3 months after operation,1 patient in group A had stricture 6 months after operation,2 patients in group B had stricture 6 and 12 months after operation,respectively.Six patients (8.6%) in group A found reflux compared with 21 patients (30.0%) in group B (P =0.004).The reflux pressure was (23.5 ± 9.0) cmH2O and (15.5 ± 4.9) cmH2O in group A and group B (P =0.042),respectively.The GFR of group A was (38.1 ± 7.6) ml/min compared with (38.6 ± 12.9) ml/min in group B at 12 months after operation.One patient in group A and four patients in group B had acute nephropyelitis.Four patients in group A had renal stones formation compared with 1 patients in group B.The time of anastomosis was (8.8 ± 3.5) minutes and (6.7 ± 1.5) minutes (P =0.037) for group A and group B,respectively.The patients in both groups had no urine leakage.Conclusion Compared with direct technique,split-cuff nipple technique had lower reflux rate,higher antireflux pressure and longer anastomosis time than direct technique.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 94-98, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413729

ABSTRACT

Objective To present our initial experience in laparoscopic radical prostatectomy performed through an umbilical incision using a home-made multichannel port. Methods From August 2009 to March 2010, we performed single-port laparoscopic radical prostatectomy in 11 patients with localized prostate cancer. A home-made multichannel port was inserted extraperitoneally through a 3-cm umbilical incision. The single port extraperitoneal procedures included obturator fossa lymphadenectomy, radical prostatectomy and urethro-vesical anastomosis, while the urethro-vesical anastomosis was performed by a slip-knot running suture technique. Data were collected and analyzed prospectively. Results All cases were completed successfully, without conversion to a standard laparoscopic approach or open surgery except adding an additional port in one case. The average operative time was 256 minutes (range195-315), and the mean blood loss was 90 ml (range 20- 180), without any blood transfusion. The postoperative hospital stay was 15.4 days (range13- 24), and the Foley catheter was removed 12 days after surgery. No intraoperative complications occurred. One patient developed a vesico-rethralanastomosis leakage, 2 had lymphatic leakage and 1 had urinary tract infection,all of the cases were managed successfully with conservative treatment. Histopathological results showed negative surgical margine and negative lymph node dissection. All patients had no biochemical relapse after an average follow-up of 7 months. Conclusions Single-port laparoscopic radical prosta tectomy is feasible, cosmetic and minimally invasive with a low complication rate and good short-term outcome. Additional investigation is needed to evaluate the long-term safety and oncologic adequacy of this new approach.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 45-48, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-391566

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficacy,toxicitis and side-effects of Casodex and Flutamide in the hormonal therapy of advanced prostate cancer patients.Methods One hundred and thirty-six advanced prostate cancer patients were treated with with hormonal therapy.The patients were divided into 3 groups,of which 52 patients (group A) used LHRHa and Casodex as intermittent hormonal therapy;60 patients(group B) used LHRHa and Flutamide as intermittent hormonal therapy;24 patients(group C) were treated with surgical castration only.The difference of clinical symptoms,serum PSA,disease progression risk,survival rate,toxicitis and side-effects of 3 groups were compared.Results The relief rates of group A and B were 80.8% (42/52)and 81.7% (49/60) respectively,higher than 70.8% (17/24) of group C.The mean serum PSA of group A and B decreased from 133.3 ng/ml(17.9-982.8 ng/ml) to 15.8 ng/ml(0.02-28.9 ng/ml),142.6 ng/ml (20.2-1001.0 ng/ml)to 16.1 ng/ml(0.07-53.8 ng/ml),respectively,both better than that of group C,which decreased from 142.3 ng/ml (27.1-988.0 ng/ml) to 27.6 ng/ml(6.0-62.1 ng/ml).The mean chemical recurrence rates of group A and B were 34.7% (18/52) and 36.7% (22/60),respectively,lower than 58.3% (14/24) of group C.The mean chemical recurrence time of group A and B was 22(5-52)months and 22(6-65)months,respectively,longer than 11(5-54)months of group C.The mortality rates of group A and B were 26.9% (14/52) and 31.7% (19/60),respectively,lower than 66.7%(16/24) of group C.88.5% (46/52)of group A were treated continuously,while group B had 66.7% (40/60).The side-effects rate of group A was lower than group B.Conclusions Both Cadosex and Flutamide are effective for prostate cancer,and decrease the disease progression risk.Casodex is more effective and safer as for the treatment of prostate cancer compared to Flutamide.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397889

ABSTRACT

Objective To approach the clinical presentation,treatment and diagnosis of primary seminal vesicle carcinoma.Methods The records of 4 patients who diagnosed seminal vesicle carcinoma were retrospectively reviewed,including the symptoms signs and examination results as well as operation program,postoperative therapy.Considered to the literature reports.Bilateral seminal vesicles,bladder, prostate and rectum were totally removed in one case.Seminal vosiculectomy and partial cystoprostotectomy were performed in 2 cases,and the another one,bilateral lower ureterectomy and ileum substitute bladder was be done.Results Followed up for 3 months to 5 years,and no recurrence had been observed so far, one died of colon cancer after 2 years.Conclusions Early symptoms of primary seminal vesicle carcinoma are unobvious,so that early diagnosis of seminal vesicle carcinoma is difficult and the misdiagnosis is so usually.Thus,accurate recognition is important for early diagnosis.Radical surgery appears to offer the best chance and different approaches can be selected according to tumor stage and invasive condition of the circumambient organ.Comprehensive treatment like hormonal therapy,along with the 5-fluorouracil,paclitaxel,and oxaliplatin chemotherapy regimen appears to be effective against adenocarcinoma.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397756

ABSTRACT

Objective To research the effect to the semen quality of the three operation methods of superiority of highly selective varicocele high ligation,transinguinal canal and laparoseopic of renovated polomo management of varicocele.Methods 561 patients in our hospital who charged by infertility had the operation were analyzed retrospectively and were recruited with primary varicocele above grade II for this study.These patients were divided into three group according to three kinds of operation methods of varicocele :group A was treated with highly selective varicocele high ligation and had 300 patients;group B was treated with transinguinal canal operation and had 181 patients; and group C was treated by laparescopic of renovated polomo operation with 80 patients.Through the comparing of the fertility ability of the three operation methods,to evaluate the therapeutic effect of the three methods.Results The increasing rates of the quality of semen in group B was higher than other groups if patients' ages were lower than 30.The increasing rates of the quality of semen in every group was also higher if patients' ages were lower than 30.No difference was found between three groups in natural conception rate (P>0.05).Conclusion The methods of highly selective varieecele high ligation would be a better choice in the management of patients with primary varicecele because of higher quality of semen.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-542012

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the efficacy of retrovirus-mediated HSV-TK gene transfer and GCV in a BALB/c mice model with urinary bladder transitional cell carcinoma. Methods A replication defective retroviral vector containing HSV-TK gene was used. In vivo experimental animals were divided into 3 groups.In group A,7 tumors were induced in BALB/c mice by subcutaneous injection of MBT-2 transitional cell carcinoma (TCC);the virus was directly injected into the tumor and the animals received intraperitoneal GCV.In group B, 6 tumors were induced in BALB/c mice by subcutaneous injection of transferred HSV-TK gene TCC and the animals received intraperitoneal GCV.In group C,6 tumors were induced in BALB/c mice by subcutaneous injection of MBT-2 TCC and the animals received intraperitoneal normal saline.Tumor-volume measurement was performed in these 3 groups 10 d and 20 d after treatment, and the volume changes were compared among the 3 groups. Results In vivo experiment indicated that the mean tumor volume of group A [MBT-2 group, (55.37?4.52) mm3] and group B [MBT-2/HSV-TK group,(49.77?4.15)mm3] was reduced significantly compared with that of group C [control group,(146.27?10.46)mm3](P0.05).At 20 d after treatment, the mean tumor volume of group A [(186.75?8.14)mm3] and group B [(72.50?6.70)mm3] was also reduced compared with that of group C [(441.76?41.80)mm3] (P

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-591738

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and technique of minimally invasive management for acute ureteral obstruction and severe infection caused by calculi.Methods A total of 51 patients with acute upper urinary tract obstruction and severe infection caused by calculi were enrolled in this study.When infection,sepsis,and electrolyte disorders were corrected,emergent drainage by retrograde ureteral catheterization using cystoscopy or B-ultrasonography-guided percutaneous nephrostomy were carried out.Ureteroscopic lithotripsy or extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy(ESWL)were performed after the infection was controlled.Results Cystoscopic retrograde ureteral catheterization was completed in 8 cases,and the other 43 patients were treated successfully by B-ultrasonography-guided percutaneous nephrostomy.During the operations,purulent urine spurted out from the drainage tube.Ten patients had transient hematuria and lumbar pain postoperation.None of the patients developed pneumothorax,urinary extravasation,perirenal hematoma,or abdominal organ injuries,etc.In 3 cases,recauterization was done because the catheter dropped out.In all the patients,the body temperature and blood white blood cell counts returned to a normal range 3 to 7 days after the drainage.Among the cases,8 were treated with ESWL,35 received ureteroscopic lithotripsy,and 8 underwent ESWL after the ureteral stone being pushed upwards to the renal pelvis.No severe complications,such as ureteral perforation or tears,massive hemorrhage,or high fever occurred after lithotripsy.The stones were completely removed in all the cases in 3 weeks postoperation(in 1 week for 34 cases).The patients were followed up for 3 to 6 months,during which the renal function recovered to a normal level.Conclusions Retrograde ureteral catheterization using cystoscopy or B-ultrasonography-guided percutaneous nephrostomy combined with ureteroscopic lithotripsy or ESWL is efficient for patients with acute ureteral obstruction and severe infection caused by calculi.By using the method,ureteral infection can be controlled quickly without causing severe complications.

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