Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 47
Filter
1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1617-1626, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978831

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the inhibitory effect of ursolic acid in Hippophae rhamnoides L. on hepatocyte apoptosis in rats with alcoholic liver disease based on the mitochondria-cytochrome c pathway. Methods A total of 50 specific pathogen-free male Wistar rats were divided into normal control group, alcohol model group, and low-, middle-, and high-dose ursolic acid groups using a random number table, with 10 rats in each group. The rats in the normal control group were given normal saline by gavage once a day for 8 weeks; the rats in the alcohol model group were given alcohol at increasing concentrations by gavage for 8 consecutive weeks; the rats in the low-, middle-, and high-dose ursolic acid groups were given ursolic acid at a dose of 50, 100, and 150 mg/kg, respectively, followed by an equal volume of alcohol as the model group 1 hour later. Serum liver function parameters were measured for each group; HE staining was used to observe liver histopathology; an electron microscope was used to observe hepatocyte ultrastructure; the TUNEL method was used to measure hepatocyte apoptosis; Western Blotting was used to measure the protein expression levels of cytochrome c and activated caspase-3 in hepatocyte mitochondria and cytoplasm. A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison of continuous data between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t -test was used for further comparison between two groups. Results Compared with the alcohol model group, the middle- and high-dose ursolic acid groups had significant reductions in the serum level of alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, and cholinesterase (all P < 0.05). The rats in the alcohol model group had disordered arrangement of hepatic cords with marked hepatocyte edema and fatty degeneration, while those in the middle- and high- dose ursolic acid groups had basically normal arrangement of hepatic cords and a significant improvement in hepatocyte fatty degeneration, as well as a significant increase in the number of hepatocyte mitochondria and a significant improvement in morphology. Compared with the alcohol model group, the middle- and high-dose ursolic acid groups had significantly lower hepatocyte apoptosis rate and protein expression levels of cytochrome c and caspase-3 in cytoplasm (all P < 0.05). Conclusion Ursolic acid in Hippophae rhamnoides L. can improve the liver function and histomorphology of rats with alcoholic liver disease, possibly by inhibiting the release of cytochrome c in hepatocyte mitochondria, the activation of caspase-3, and the apoptosis of hepatocytes via the mitochondria-cytochrome c pathway.

2.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 12-16, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989181

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of hemorrhage after thrombolytic (HAT) score and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in combination predicting symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) after intravenous thrombolysis in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS).Methods:Consective patients with AIS received intravenous thrombolysis with ateplase in Tianjin TEDA Hospital from January 2016 to December 2021 were retrospectively enrolled. sICH was defined as cerebral CT showing hemorrhage at any part of the brain after intravenous thrombolysis, and the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score was increased by≥4 compared with the baseline, or there was a manifestation indicating clinical aggravation. Univariate analysis was used to compare the baseline data of sICH group and non-sICH group. A binary multivariate logistic regression model was used to determine the independent influencing factors of sICH. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the value of HAT score and NLR in combination predicting sICH. Results:A total of 429 patients with AIS were enrolled. Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences in atrial fibrillation, systolic blood pressure, NLR, HAT score and NIHSS score between the sICH group and the non-sICH group (all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that NLR (odds ratio [ OR] 1.405, 95% confidence interval [ CI] 1.193-2.958), HAT score ( OR 1.512, 95% CI 1.207-3.169) and NIHSS score ( OR 1.221, 95% CI 1.082-2.634) had significant independent correlation with sICH after adjusting for atrial fibrillation and systolic blood pressure. The ROC curve showed that the areas under the curve of HAT score, NLR and their combination predicting sICH were 0.719 (95% CI 0.609-0.832), 0.723 (95% CI 0.618-0.835) and 0.854 (95% CI 0.765-0.931), respectively. The areas under the curve of the two methods in combination were significantly larger than those of the single method ( P=0.029 and 0.032, respectively), and their sensitivity and specificity were 74.1% and 83.5% respectively. Conclusion:Combined HAT score and NLR is of high value in predicting sICH after intravenous thrombolysis in patients with AIS, and has clinical application potential.

3.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 366-371, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987348

ABSTRACT

BackgroundSleep disorder can adversely affect human physical and mental health, with important implications for socioeconomic development. And higher vocational college students are subject to various pressures and stimuli exerted by academic studies, job seeking and family socioeconomic status, which may contribute to the onset insomnia symptom or sleep disorder. ObjectiveTo discuss the sleep status and influencing factors among higher vocational college students, and to provide references for improving their sleep status. MethodsIn January and February, 2022, a stratified random sampling method was utilized to enroll 3 300 students from five higher vocational colleges in Wenjiang district of Chengdu city. All the participants were assessed using Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), Patient Health Questionnaire Depression Scale-9 item (PHQ-9) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale-7 (GAD-7). Pearson correlation analysis was conducted to test the correlation of ISI with PHQ-9 and GAD-7 scores, and the Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the influencing factors of insomnia symptom in higher vocational college students. ResultInsomnia symptom was detected in 81.90% (2 497 / 3 300) of higher vocational college students. The detection rate of insomnia symptom among vocational college students yielded statistical difference in terms of gender, family socioeconomic status, being an only child or having siblings, degree of psychological pressure exerted by academic studies or job seeking, amount of hours spent on Internet per day, frequency of physical exercise, and the presence or absence of anxiety symptom and depression symptom (χ2=21.032, 22.172, 8.983, 75.939, 36.781, 32.350, 54.512, 86.561, P<0.01 or 0.05). Among higher vocational college students, ISI score was positively correlated with GAD-7 and PHQ-9 scores (r=0.620, 0.714, P<0.01), and GAD-7 score was positively correlated with PHQ-9 score (r=0.824, P<0.01). Gender, family socioeconomic status, degree of psychological pressure exerted by academic studies or job seeking, amount of hours spent on Internet per day, frequency of physical exercise, and the presence or absence of anxiety symptom and depression symptom were effective factors in predicting the insomnia symptom in higher vocational college students (P<0.01 or 0.05). ConclusionFemale gender, average and below average family socioeconomic status, moderate-to-severe degree of psychological pressure exerted by academic studies or job seeking, spending 2~5 h, 5~7 h or >7 h on Internet per day, inadequate physical exercise and presence of depressive symptom are the risk factors for insomnia symptom in higher vocational college students.[Funded by Sichuan Provincial Primary Health Development Research Center in 2022, North Sichuan Medical College (number, SWFZ22-C-89)]

4.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1248-1253, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987042

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of the SIRT1/NF-κB pathway in mediating the effect of puerarin against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute kidney injury (AKI).@*METHODS@#Fifteen BALB/C mice were randomized into control group, LPS group and puerarin treatment group, and in the latter two groups, the mice were given an intraperitoneal injection of LPS (5 mg/kg), followed by daily injection of normal saline for 3 days or injection of puerarin (25 mg/kg) given 1 h later and then on a daily basis for 3 days. On day 5 after modeling, the kidney tissues were taken for histological observation and detection of cell apoptosis. The renal function indexes including urea nitrogen (BUN), serum creatinine (Scr) and kidney injury molecule 1 (KIM-1) and the levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) and interleukin 1β (IL-1β) were measured, and the expressions of SIRT1 and NF-κB-p65(acetyl K310) in the renal tissues were detected.@*RESULTS@#Intraperitoneal injection of LPS caused obvious glomerular capillary dilatation, hyperemia, renal interstitial edema, and renal tubular epithelial cell swelling and deformation in the mice. The mouse models of LPS-induced AKI also showed significantly increased renal tubular injury score and renal cell apoptosis (P < 0.01) with increased serum levels of BUN, Scr, KIM-1, TNF-α and IL-1β (P < 0.01), enhanced renal expressions of TNF-α, IL-1β and NF-κB p65(acetyl K310) (P < 0.01) and lowered renal expression of SIRT1 (P < 0.05). Treatment with puerarin effectively alleviated LPS-induced renal interstitial edema and renal tubular epithelial cell shedding, lowered renal tubular injury score (P < 0.01) and renal cell apoptosis rate (P < 0.01), and decreased serum levels of BUN, Scr, KIM, TNF-α and IL-1β (P < 0.01). Puerarin treatment significantly reduced TNF-α, IL-1β and NF-κB p65 (acetyl K310) expression in the renal tissue (P < 0.05) and increased SIRT1 expression by 17% (P < 0.05) in the mouse models.@*CONCLUSION@#Puerarin can effectively alleviate LPS-induced AKI in mice possibly by modulating the SIRT1/NF-κB signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , NF-kappa B , Lipopolysaccharides , Sirtuin 1 , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Acute Kidney Injury , Disease Models, Animal , Edema
5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1274-1280, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924084

ABSTRACT

Blumea balsamifera belonging to Blumea of Compositae family is a perennial herb or subshrub ,which is the only source of Traditional Chinese medicine Aipian and ethnic medicine essential oil of B. balsamifera . B. balsamifera contains volatile oil,flavonoids,sesquiterpenoids,phenylpropanoids,etc.,and shows antibacterial ,anti-inflammatory,analgesic,treating burns and scalds,neuroprotective and antioxidant effects ,etc. In this paper ,the chemical constituents and pharmacological activities are summarized by reviewing the domestic and foreign research literatures ,and it is expected to provide a reference for the in-depth research and development and utilization of B. balsamifera .

6.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 343-345, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958373

ABSTRACT

Flap surgery is a surgical technique commonly used by microsurgeons and it is the main technique for wound repair. To be an excellent flap surgeon in the new era is to meet the needs of wound repair and treatment from the public and make contributions to a healthy China.

7.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 864-867, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004431

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the clinical value of thromboelastogram (TEG) in monitoring coagulation function in patients with COVID-19. 【Methods】 Patients diagnosed with COVID-19 in our hospital from January 20 to March 1, 2020 were enrolled and divided into mild group (mild type, common type) and severe group (severe type, critical group). The TEG, platelet count and routine blood coagulation function were compared between the two groups to analyze the coagulation characteristics of the patients. 【Results】 A total of 66 cases were studied, including severe (n=33) and mild (n=33), male(n=39)and female(n=27), hypertension (n=9) and diabetes mellitus (n=11) cases. 28 (84.8%) severe and 24 (72.7%) mild patients had at least one hypercoagulable TEG parameter. K value of TEG in the severe group was lower than that in the mild group (P<0.05), Angel and CI increased (P<0.05). The fibrinogen (Fib) and D-dimer increased in routine coagulation function test (P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 Patients with COVID-19 showed hypercoagulability in TEG parameter, which was related to the severity of this disease. TEG may be more valuable for COVID-19 patients with hypercoagulable status and thrombosis risk, and help to develop anticoagulation strategies.

8.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 28-32, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871514

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effectiveness of venous flap and the flap based on superficial palmar branch of radial artery (SPBRA) in the reconstruction of the defect of finger with segmental defect of proper digital artery.Methods:From July, 2014 to March, 2018, 40 patients with soft tissue defects of finger and the proper arteries were treated by the venous flaps (18 cases, group A) and the flaps based on SPBRA (22 cases, group B). The operative time, postoperative 2-PD of the flaps, appearance, patient satisfaction, flaps donor site complications, flaps survival rate and the motion of digital joints were observed and compared by software SPSS 17.0. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results:Forty flaps all survived, and the wounds healed primarily. The operative time of group A was (78.89±7.36) min, which was shorter than that of group B (97.27±9.26) min, with statistically significant difference ( P<0.05) between the two groups. At end of followed-up, there was a statistically significant difference in the 2-PD of the flaps between the 2 groups [(7.94±1.55) mm in group A, (6.59±1.65) mm in group B, P<0.05)]. The overall active motion of the digital joints: 13 cases were excellent, and 5 cases were good in group A. And 17 cases were excellent, 5 cases were good in group B. The satisfactory was 100% in both groups. Of patient satisfactory, group A: 4 cases were great satisfactory, 13 were satisfactory, and 1 was fair; Group B: 17 cases were great satisfactory and 5 were satisfactory. The appearance of flaps: in group A, 16 cases were good and 1 was bad, while in group B, 21 cases were good and 1 was bad. And there was no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:A higher survival rate and satisfactory clinical efficacy can be achieved by the venous flaps and the flap based on SPBRA while the area of defect in hand soft tissue, where there exists a segmental defect of proper arteries, is small. In terms of the recovery of sensing, the first choice is the flap based on SPBRA. In considering of the difficulty in surgical operation, the venous flap is a relatively simple procedure.

9.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 250-255, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872490

ABSTRACT

Objective:To provide more valuable experimental animal models for lung cancer research, three kinds of orthotopic human lung neoplasms models in nude mice were established and their biological characteristics were monitored and compared by using small animal in vivo imaging system Spectrum-CT.Methods:Human lung cancer A549 cell line stably expressing luciferase (A549-Luc) was constructed and three kinds of orthotopic human lung cancer models in nude mice (6 mice/each group) were established by means of intrapleural injection, tail vein injection and tracheal perfusion with A549-Luc cells, respectively. Additionally, bioluminescence imaging was performed on model mice by using Spectrum-CT imaging system to monitor the growth of tumor tissues and the intensity of fluorescence signal once a week for 4 consecutive weeks. Finally, the lung tissues of model mice were dissected for in vitro bioluminescence imaging and pathological analysis.Results:The results of bioluminescence imaging analysis revealed that the transplanted tumor tissues of all three groups continued to growth. At the 4th week after cell inoculation, the fluorescence signal intensity of the mice in the intrapleural injection group [(2.78±0.18)×10 6 P/s] was significantly higher than that in the tracheal perfusion group [(1.45±0.20)×10 6 P/s] and the tail vein injection group [(1.35±0.14)×10 6 P/s] (F = 62.53, P < 0.01). The 3D in vivo imaging analysis showed that the tumor tissues had different growth states in three orthotopic lung cancer models. The intrapleural injection model had a single tumor focus at the inoculation site of the right lung lobe. The tumor tissues of the tracheal perfusion model showed an uncertain multi-point growth pattern in the left and right lung lobes. In the tail vein injection model, the tumor foci were relatively evenly distributed in the left and right lobes. Conclusions:Compared with the tracheal perfusion model and the tail vein injection model, the intrapleural injection orthotopic lung cancer model shows stronger tumorigenic ability and has advantage in the study of the active location of transplanted tumor. Combined with Spectrum-CT in vivo imaging system, real-time localization and quantitative analysis of the tumor growth can be performed at an early stage of transplantation, which can provide a valuable experimental method for the pathogenesis and pharmaceutical research of lung cancer.

10.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 400-402,421, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743546

ABSTRACT

Objective ToexploretheclinicalvalueofMSCTcombinedwithultrasonographyinthediagnosisofacuteappendicitis. Methods 238patientswithsuspiciousappendicitisunderwentMSCTandultrasonographybeforesurgery.Allpatientsweredivided intoappendicitisgroupandnormalappendixgroupaccordingtoCTappearances.TheefficacyofMSCTcombinedwithultrasoundin diagnosingappendicitiswasanalyzedbycomparisonofsurgicalpathologicalfindings.Results Therewere220casesinappendicitis group,whichhad165casesofappendicitisconfirmedbypathology,and55casesofnormalappendix.Therewere18casesinnormal group,2caseswereconfirmedappendicitisbypathology,and16caseswerenormalappendix.Theoveralldiagnosticperformancesof theCTscanwere98.8%ofsensitivity,22.5%ofspecificity,82.5%ofpositivepredictivevalue,88.9%ofnegativepredictivevalue, and76.1%ofaccuracy.TheperformancesofMSCTcombinedwithultrasonographywere90.4%ofsensitivity,93.0%ofspecificity, 96.8%ofpositivepredictivevalue,80.5%ofnegativepredictivevalue,and91.2%ofaccuracy.Thedifferencewasstatisticallysignificant indiagnosisperformancesbeforeandafterMSCTcombinedwithultrasonography (P<0.001).Conclusion MSCTcombinedwith ultrasonographyexaminationcouldimprovethediagnosticaccuracyofappendicitis,andmayreducethenegativerateofappendectomy.

11.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 1213-1217, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800210

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of repairing the skin and soft tissue defects of foot with the anterior tibial artery perforator flap.@*Methods@#Nine patients received the operation using the anterior tibial artery periosteal perforator flap to repair distal foot lesion with skin and soft tissue defects.There were six males and three females.All cases were the distal foot defects of skin and soft tissue with tendon and bone exposure, including traffic accident injury in 5 cases, crush injury in 3 cases, other causes of injury in 1 case. The defects ranged from 5 cm×3 cm to 9 cm×6 cm. The flaps ranged from 7 cm×5 cm—11 cm×8 cm. The donor sites were repaired with direct suture or full-thickness skin grafts.@*Results@#All the flaps were survived, without vascular crisis, congestion and blisters. 1 case had partial necrosis of flap margin, which was cured after dressing. All cases were followed up for 6 months to 34 months(mean 18 months). The appearance and function recovery of flaps were satisfactory.@*Conclusions@#It is an ideal flap donor site for repairing soft tissue defects of the distal foot with the anterior tibial artery perforator flap, which has the advantages of simple operation, less trauma, high skin flap survival rate and good appearance.

12.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 714-717, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754791

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the therapeutic effects of bridging the proper digital artery and the radial artery with a vein graft in replantation of an amputated thumb with obstinate arteriospasm.Methods From June 2011 to May 2017,9 patients received replantation of an amputated thumb at Department of Hand Surgery,The Second Hospital of Tangshan.They were all male,aged from 21 to 55 years (average,39.2 years).Two right thumbs were involved in 2 cases and 7 left thumbs in 7 cases.During replantation,obstinate arteriospasm which could not be alleviated occurred of their bilateral proper digital arteries.A free forearm superficial vein graft was used to bridge the distal end of ulnar proper digital artery of thumb and the radial artery in tabatiere anatomique to establish blood supply by end-to-end or end-to-side anastomosis.At final follow-up,the outcomes were assessed by the tentative criteria set by The Hand Surgery Society of Chinese Medical Association.Results All the 9 replanted thumbs survived with primary wound healing.They were followed up for 6 to 12 months (mean,7.9 months).All the patients were satisfied with the appearance and function of the replanted thumb except that mild atrophy was observed in 2 digits with preoperative rotatory avulsion.According to the tentative criteria set by The Hand Surgery Society of Chinese Medical Association at final follow-up,the outcomes were rated as excellent in 7 cases and as good in 2.The pulp two-point discrimination was between 3 and 8 mm,with an average of 5.3 mm.Conclusions An amputated thumb with obstinate arteriospasm can be replanted by bridging the ulnar proper digital artery of thumb and the deep branch of radial artery using a vein graft to establish adequate blood supply to the replanted thumb,leading to satisfactory efficacy.As the technique is easy,it is worthy of popularization.

13.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 148-153, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709208

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the feasibility,effectiveness,and technical superiority of Solumbra thrombectomy for treatment of acute large cerebral artery occlusion stroke.Methods 32 patients who had acute large cerebral artery occlusion stroke and received mechanical thrombectomy in TEDA Hospital of Tianjin between January 2013 and August 2016,were divided into two groups:stent group(with conventional stent-retrievers,n=21) and Solumbra group (with Solumbra thrombectomy,n =11).Clinical characteristics,variables correlated with operation,and clinical outcomes were compared and analyzed retrospectively.Results There were no differences in basic clinical and radiographic parameters between stent group versus Solumbra group (all P>0.05).Moreover,there were no differences between Solumbra group versus Stent group in rates of embolus to new territory(18.2 % vs.28.6%,P=0.425),in times of thrombectomy(2.2± 1.0 vs.2.4± 1.3,P=0.657),in nonsymptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (18.2% vs.14.3%,P =0.572),in symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage(18.2% vs.9.5%,P =0.427),in TICI 2b/3 revascularization(81.8% vs.81.0%,P =0.670),in puncture-to-reperfusion time[(66.4±39.0)min vs.(51.6±34.5)min,P=0.279],and in NIHSS at 7 days(11.6 ± 7.7 vs.11.3 ± 7.2,P =0.925).A modified Rankin Scale(mRS ≤2) is a variable of recovery of function and good clinical outcome at 90 days.The levels of mRS were similar(P =0.490)between Solumbra and stent groups,but there was a tendency to higher rate of good clinical outcome at 90 days in Solumbra group (63.6%,7/11)than in stent group (47.6%,10/21).Conclusions Solumbra thrombectomy as intravascular revascularization technique is an effective and safe strategy for endovascular recanalization of acute large cerebral artery occlusion stroke.Compared with conventional Stent-Retriever thrombectomy,Solumbra thrombectomy has a good clinical outcome tendency at 90 days after operation.

14.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 718-723, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708590

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the treatment and surgical results of acute volar plate avulsion fracture of proximal interphalangeal joint.Methods From August 2013 to June 2016,data of 15 cases of acute volar plate avulsion fracture of proximal interphalangeal joint were retrospectively analyzed.There were 8 males and 7 females aged 18-43 years old with an average of 28.6 years old.There were 4 cases of index finger,6 cases of middle finger,2 cases of ring finger and 3 cases of little finger.Eight injuries resulted from falls,four from finger breaking and three from crushing.The time from injury to operation was 5-9 days,with an average of 6.7 days.The acute volar plate avulsion fracture of proximal interphalangeal joint were treated by double thread compression suture fixation,and Kirschner wires were used to obliquely fix the interphalangeal joint.After the operation,the fore arm was fixed by plaster for 3-4 weeks.After the removal of the plaster,the flexion and extension function of the distal interphalangeal joint and the metacarpophalangeal joint was performed under the guidance of the rehabilitation instructor in a state of no weight.The finger was evaluated by X-ray every 2 weeks until the fracture healing.After 5-8 weeks,the Kirschner wire was removed when the fracture line disappeared,and the active flexion and extension of the proximal interphalangeal joint was guided by the rehabilitation instructor.Resuts In this group of 15 patients,all the incisions healed at the first stage.There was no surgical complications such as skin necrosis,and needle path infection and no abnormal finger feeling or blood circulation disorder.All patients were followed up for 8-32 months (mean,21.7 months).8 months after operation,the DASH score was 1.5 to 7.0 points with an average of 4.6 points.At the latest follow-up,there was no pain,swelling and joint contracture in the proximal interphalangeal joints.The dorsal extension of joints were stable,and the degree of active joint activity was:90°±7° of the metacarpophalangeal joint,80°±6° of the proximal interphalangeal joint,78°±7° of the distal interphalangeal joint,and 248°±22° of total active activity.According to TAM system assessment criteria:there was excellent in 12 cases,good in 2 cases,fair in 1 case,and excellent rate was 93.3%(14/15).Conclusion Double thread compression suture fixation for the treatment of acute volar plate avulsion fracture of proximal interphalangeal joints could reduce the damage to the accessory structure of the joint,and reach adequate exposure in the operationfor fixing the bone block firmly.After operation,good fracture healing and good finger function could be achieved,so the double thread compression suture fixation is an effective surgical method.

15.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 843-847, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707379

ABSTRACT

Clench beating or other direct violent action often leads to neck fracture combined with typical dorsal angulation deformity because of the special anatomical structure of the fifth metacarpal neck.There are various treatment methods for the fifth metacarpal neck fracture with their own advantages and disadvantages.Conservative treatment can achieve good fracture healing and has slight effect on function,yet often leaving appearance deformity.Kirschner wire fixations are varied and can obtain satisfactory results,but the drawbacks include obvious tendon adhesion and pin track infection.Microplate screw fixation can obtain good stability that allows early functional exercise.However,its disadvantages include scars,multiple surgeries,and higher medical expenses.External fixation has good curative effect on comminuted joint fracture.With the development of bioengineering technology,absorbable internal fixation is gradually applied to clinical treatment with satisfactory therapeutic effect,but its application is still limited due to the huge cost.Therefore,there is still no unified optimal therapeutic regimen.The author reviews the anatomical characteristics,fracture characteristics,treatment principles,and treatment methods so as to provide reference for formulation of clinical therapy.

16.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 216-219, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711654

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the cutaneous branches of the superficial branch of radial artery distribution were dissected and to discuss the operational technique and clinical efficacy of repairing hand tissue defect by the flap based on the superficial branch of radial artery.Methods From May,2014 to February,2017,8 fresh hand specimens perfused with red latex to observe the distribution and characteristics.And 24 cases of fingers tissue defects (3 thumbs,6 index fingers,5 middle fingers,9 ring fingers,and 1 litter finger) which were repaired with the free wrist crease flap based on the cutaneous branches of superficial palmar branch of the radial artery.Combined fracture in 5 cases.Combined rupture or defect of the flexor tendon in 8 cases.Combined vascular nerve injury in 6 cases.The maximum area of the flap was 5.5 cm × 3.2 cm,and the minimum was 2.0 cm × 1.5 cm.Regular followedup was performed after operation.Results Superficial palmar branch of the radial artery came from the level of radial styloid process ulnar palmar then through ulnar of tubercle of scaphoideum and tended to the thenar muscle.It gave 1-3 branches of the direct skin perforators at distal wrist crease and the anatomical location was constant.The vascular pedicle length could achieve 2.0-3.2 cm.All flaps were survived uneventfully.Twenty-four cases were followed-up for 6-29 months (mean,18.6 months),and the appearance and functional recovered satisfactorily.Flap sensation recovered to S3+.The 2 point discrimination was 8-13 mm.There was no complication in donor area.According to the fingers total active motion (TAM) method to assess:excellent in 17 cases,good in 5 cases,fair in 2 cases.The excellent and good rate was 91.7%.Conclusion The wrist crease cutaneous branches of superficial palmar branch of the radial artery anatomical location is constant.And the flap based on the artery has a reliable blood supply.The vascular pedicle flap is long enough and the operational technique is easy and safe.The postoperative effect is satisfied.It is an ideal method for repairing finger tissue defect.

17.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 116-121, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711639

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical effect and operation difficulty of the combined skin flap with reversed proper palmar digital arterial dorsal branch island flap and cross-finger flap and the abdominal flap in the treatment of distal finger degloving injury.Methods Inclusion criteria:①Soft tissue defect far beyond the level of distal interphalangeal joints.②The inured finger was from second to fifth.③Single finger injury.④ Iniury time within 8 h.Exclusive criteria:①With tendon injury.② Multiple finger injuries.③Followed-up time within 6 months.Between February,2009 and September,2016,52 patients (52 fingers) with distal finger degloving injury were reviewed,there were 32 males and 20 females,aged from 18 to 60 (36.02±11.00) years.The time from injury to operation was 2.5-8.0 (4.81±1.28) h.Affected fingers included index finger in 15 cases,middle finger in 22 cases,ring finger in 10 cases,and little finger in 5 cases.Twenty patients (20 fingers) were treated by combined skin flap with reversed digital arterial dorsal branch island flap and cross-finger flap(group combined-flap).The cubital skin was grafted onto the donor sites.Thirty-two patients (32 fingers) were treated by abdominal flap (group abdominal-flap).Results The patients were followed-up 6-25 (9.25±3.97) months.The operation time:group combined-flap was 80-130 (98.46±8.34) min and group abdominal-flap was 85-125(107.84±8.63)min.There was no significant difference in two groups (P>0.05).Pedicle division time:group combined-flap was 15-24 (16.75±1.74) d and group abdominal-flap was 24-45 (28.31±5.12) d.There was a significant difference in two groups (P<0.05).And the pedicle division time in group combined-flap was much shorter than in group abdominal-flap.Flap function at last follow-up,the excellent and good rate of the flap in group combined-flap and group abdominal-flap was 90.00% and 59.38%,respectively.There was a significant difference in two groups (P<0.05),and the flap function in group combined-flap was much better than in group abdominal-flap.Affected finger function at last follow-up,the excellent and good rate of the affected fingers was 95.00% and 71.88%.There was a significant difference in two groups (P<0.05),and the affected finger function in group combined-flap was much better than in group abdominal-flap.Conclusion The combined skin flap with reversed digital arterial dorsal branch island flap and cross-finger flap is a simple and high-survival-rate flap,whose texture,appearance and clinical outcome for repair of distal finger degloving injury are much better than traditional abdominal flap.

18.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 4943-4947, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664464

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To observe the effects of dexmedetomidine combined with ulinastatin on stress reaction indexes,ex-travascular lung water value(EVLW)and pulmonary vascular permeability indexes(PVPI)and other parameters in one-lung venti-lation(OLV)lobectomy patients. METHODS:A total of 80 patients underwent OLV lobectomy selected from the Affiliated Hospi-tal of Southwest Medical University during Nov. 2015-Nov. 2016 were divided into control group (group N),ulinastatin pretreat-ment group(group U),dexmedetomidine continuous pump group(group D),ulinastatin pretreatment+dexmedetomidine continu-ous pump group(group U+D),with 20 cases in each group. Thirty min before anesthesia induction,all patients were given atro-pine sulfate 0.5 mg intramuscularly and received catheterization of right internal jugular vein and ipsilateral femoral artery under lo-cal anesthesia. Based on that,group N was given 0.9% Sodium chloride injection 100 mL intravenously;group U was given sodi-um chloride mixed solution 100 mL containing Ulinastatin for injection 200000 U intravenously;group D was given continuous in-travenous pump of Dexmedetomidine hydrochloride injection 2 μg/mL mixed with sodium chloride mixed solution at 1 μg/(kg·h), and after induction intravenous pump at 0.5 μg/(kg·h)until the end of surgery;group U+D was given Sodium chloride mixed so-lution containing 200000 U ulinastatin 50 mL and 4 μg/mL dexmedetomidine sodium chloride mixed solution 50 mL intravenously (same dose as above during induction period and maintenance period). The levels of blood glucose,partial pressure of oxy-gen [p(O2)],adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH),norepi-nephrine (NE),heart rate (HR),cardiac output (CO),sys-temic vascular resistance(SVR),EVLW and PVPI were com-pared among 4 groups 30 min before anesthesia induction(T1),2 h after the beginning of surgery(T2),immediately after extuba-tion(T3)and 12 h after surgery(T4). Liquid intake and output volume were recorded during T2-T4. The occurrence of ADR among 4 groups was observed. RESULTS:There was no statistical significance in each index among 4 groups at T1 (P>0.05). During T2-T4,the levels of blood glucose,ACTH,NE,SVR,EVLW and PVPI in group N were significantly higher than other 3 groups, and group U and D were significantly higher than group U+D,with statistical significance(P<0.05);there was no statistical sig-nificance between U and D(P>0.05). The levels of p(O2)and CO in groups U+D were significantly higher than other 3 groups, with statistical significance (P<0.05);there was no statistical significance among other 3 groups (P>0.05). HR of group N and U were significantly higher than other 2 groups,with statistical significance (P<0.05). There was no statistical significance be-tween group N and U,between group D and U+D(P>0.05). There was no statistical significance in liquid intake or output vol-ume among 4 groups (P>0.05). No obvious ADR was found in 4 groups. CONCLUSIONS:Dexmedetomidine combined with ulinastatin can significantly relieve stress reaction,and reduce the levels of part blood flow and respiratory dynamics indexes as EV-LW,PVPI in patients with OLV lobectomy so as to play lung protective effect.

19.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 335-339, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808676

ABSTRACT

Methods@#To explore the transplantation of flow-through anterolateral thigh flap combined with fibular flap for reconstruction of composite tissue defect at leg.@*Method@#12 cases with leg composite tissue defects were reconstructed by flow-through anterolateral thigh flaps combined with fibular flaps. The skin defects ranged from 6 cm×12 cm to 12 cm×20 cm. The bone defects were 4-10 cm in length.The size of flow-through anterolateral thigh flaps was 14 cm×8 cm to 23 cm×13 cm and the fibular osteocutaneous flaps were 6 cm×4 cm to 12 cm×6 cm. The fibular bone was harvested as 7 cm to 13 cm in length.@*Results@#All the flaps survived in 12 cases. Bony reunion was achieved in all the cases. Vascular crisis happened in 2 cases 1 day after operation. Margin necrosis occurred in distal end of one flap, which healed after dressing. All the flaps had soft texture with satisfactory cosmetic and functional result . There was no complication in donor sites.@*Conclusions@#Flow-through anterolateral thigh flap combined with fibular flap can reconstruct soft tissue defect and bone defect simultaneously. It is the ideal method for leg composite tissue defects.

20.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 362-364, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615428

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the first metacarpal dorsal artery anatomy,and explore the flap based on the branch chain of the first metacarpal dorsal artery.To provide anatomical basis for clinical application of the flap.Methods The origin,courses and distribution of the branch chain of the first metacarpal dorsal artery from 8 fresh hand specimens perfused by red latex were explored from January,2015 to December,2016.Results There was a dorsal artery network in the dorsal side of the first metacarpal.The radial and ulnar dorsal artery of the first metacarpal originated from the radial artery and along the first metacarpal lateral margin to go down.The initial diameter of the radial dorsal artery was (0.82±0.06)mm.The initial diameter of the ulnar dorsal artery was (0.74±0.05) mm.And anastomosed with the dorsal branches of the thumb inherent arteries.The both inherent arteries of thumb give off dorsal branches count (2.62±0.34).The initial diameter of proximal dorsal branch was (0.32±0.03) mm.The initial diameter of distal dorsal branch was (0.24±0.08) mm.Conclusion The radial and ulnar dorsal vascular chain of the first metacarpal were constant.The anastomosed branches with the dorsal branches of the thumb inherent arteries were abundant.The free flap or retrograde flap based on the vsscular chain has reliable blood supply.And without destroyed the main artery of thumb.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL