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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 603-607, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807128

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the value of gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriamine (Gd-EOB-DTPA) enhanced MRI T1 mapping in diagnosing and distinguishing dysplastic nodule (DN) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with different degrees of differentiation.@*Methods@#A retrospective study in the first affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from September 2015 to December 2017 was conducted. Seventy-one patients with HCC or DN (a total of 79 lesions) that confirmed by biopsy or surgical pathology findings. Seventy-nine lesions were divided into DN (n=10), well differentiated HCC (n=15), moderately differentiated HCC (n=36) and poorly differentiated HCC (n=18) according to histopathology. All the patients underwent plain MRI scan and Gd-EOB-DTPA-MRI T1 mapping before surgery or needle biopsy. The T1 values of each lesion and non-tumorous liver parenchyma were measured on 20 min hepatobiliary phase (HBP) T1 mapping after Gd-EOB-DTPA administration, respectively. The increment rate of T1 value in lesions relative to non-tumorous liver parenchyma were calculated. One-way ANOVA was used to compare the differences of T1 value and the increment rate of T1 value of DN and 3 groups of HCC with different degrees of differentiation. Spearman correlation was used to evaluate the correlation between T1 mapping parameters and the malignancy degree of DN and HCC. Area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to evaluate the efficacy of T1 mapping parameters in the differential diagnosis of DN and HCC with different degree of differentiation.@*Results@#Significant differences were found in T1 value and increase rate of T1 value of DN and HCC with different degrees of differentiation (P< 0.05). The T1 value and increase rate of T1 value showed an increasing trend from DN to poorly differentiated HCC after enhancement. The T1 value and increase rate of T1 value were positively correlated with the malignancy of DN and HCC (r=0.418 and 0.634, P<0.01). There were significant differences in the increase rate of T1 value between well-differentiated HCC and moderately-differentiated, well-differentiated HCC and poorly-differentiated HCC, respectively (P<0.05). The area under ROC curve of T1 value and the increase rate of T1 value for differentiating DN from well-differentiated, moderately differentiated and poorly differentiated HCC was 0.933, 0.928, 0.939 and 0.867, 0.961, 0.961, respectively. The area under ROC curve of the increase rate of T1 value for differentiating well-differentiated HCC from moderately-differentiated, well-differentiated HCC from poorly-differentiated HCC was 0.770 and 0.844, respectively.@*Conclusions@#Gd-EOB-DTPA enhanced MRI combined with T1 mapping can provide valuable diagnostic information for identifying DN and HCC with different degrees of differentiation.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 368-372, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694723

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of ulinastatin (UTI) preconditioning combined with ischemic preconditioning (IPC) on hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury in rats and possible mechanism of action.Methods A total of 50 male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into sham-operation group,IR group,IPC group,UTI group,and UTI-IPC group (UCI group).Blood samples were collected from the inferior vena cava after surgery and liver tissue samples were also collected.The serum levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST),alanine aminotransferase (ALT),and tumor necrosis factor-o (TNF-α),the levels of myeloperoxidase (MPO) and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) in the liver tissue,and wet/dry weight ratio were determined,and pathomorphological changes of the liver tissue were observed under a light microscope.A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison of continuous data between groups,and the LSD-t-test was used for further comparison between two groups.Results The IR,IPC,UTI,and UCI groups had significantly higher serum levels of ALT,AST,and TNF-α,levels of MPO and NF-κB in the liver tissue,and wet/dry weight ratio than the sham-operation group (all P < 0.05);the IPC,UTI,and UCI groups had significantly lower levels than the IR group (all P < 0.05),the UTI group had significantly lower levels than the IPC group (all P < 0.05),and the UCI group had significantly lower levels than the IPC and UTI groups (all P < 0.05).Liver pathological examination showed that compared with the sham-operation group,the IR,IPC,UTI,and UCI groups had significantly greater liver injury (all P <0.05),while the IPC,UTI,and UCI groups had a significantly lower degree of liver injury than the IR group (all P < 0.05),the UTI group had significantly slighter liver injury than the IPC group (P < 0.05),and the UCI group had significantly slighter liver injury than the IPC and UTI groups (both P < 0.05).Conclusion Both UTI and UCI have a protective effect against hepatic IR injury,and the combination of UTI and UCI significantly enhances such protective effect,possibly by inhibiting the expression of NF-κB,reducing the release of TNF-α and MPO,and alleviating liver inflammatory response.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 174-177, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510153

ABSTRACT

Objective Study the apply of diffusional kurtosis imaging(DKI) value to assess liver cancer and tumoral cell invasion of peritumoral liver zone. Methods This research belonging to prospective study which included 24 patients with liver cancer and confirmed by clinical history and imaging features(liver cancer group), 10 healthy volunteers as control group. The liver cancer group underwent MRI plain and contrast enhanced scan, and DKI examination, while control group underwent MRI plain scan and DKI scan. The signal features of liver parenchyma and liver cancer lesion could be observed from the routine MRI and DKI. Fractional anisotropy (FA), mean diffusion (MD), axial diffusivity (Da), radial diffusivity (Dr), fractional anisotropy kurtosis (Fak), mean kurtosis (MK), kurtosis anisotropy (Ka) and radial kurtosis (Kr) value of four groups, the distant liver parenchyma(far away from the tumor>2 cm), peritumoral liver parenchyma(the distance≤2 cm around the tumor) and liver cancer were recorded. The differences of DKI parameters were evaluated using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results The signal of liver cancer in MR plain scan showed mild long T1 and mild long T2 signal, fast in and fast out enhanced feature of the neoplasms could be observed from the enhanced MRI and signal of liver cancer would not lower in DKI with b value up to top. The difference of DKI parameters including FA, MD, Da, Dr and Ka value had statistical significance in these four groups excepted for MK and Kr value. MD, Da and Dr value of normal parenchyma were higher than that of peritumoral parenchyma and liver cancer,while the Ka value was reverse. The differences of MD, Da, Dr and Ka value only had no statistical significance between the distant liver parenchyma and peritumoral liver parenchyma(P>0.05),and the differences of them had statistical significance among the rest group(P<0.05). Conclusion The DKI quantitative parameters can reflect the differences of different tissue, meaning that they can provide molecular imaging information for evaluating liver cancer and peritumoral zone.

4.
World Science and Technology-Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 880-884, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-686563

ABSTRACT

This paper was aimed to study the material basis for the efficacy of Miao medicine Bi-Ning spray in the treatment of allergic rhinitis,and to lay a foundation for improvement of its quality standard.Solidago and Centipeda minima were weighed according to the prescription and then soaked in water.Reflux extraction was conducted to the liquid.Petroleum ether,ethyl acetate,and n-butanol were used in the extraction,respectively.Each received composition was dried and made into sample solution for the experiment.A total of 60 healthy adult SD rats,with the ratio of half male and half female,were selected and randomly divided into 6 groups according to the weight with 10 rats in each group.There were the normal group,the model group,the petroleum ether (SYM) group,the ethyl acetate (YSYZ) group,the nbutyl alcohol (ZDC) group and the water group.The 20% xylene olive oil solution was used in the model establishment of rats from different groups except the normal group.Intranasal administration of drug was given to different dosage group after the models were successfully established.Normal saline was given to the normal group and the model group.Serum of each experimental rat was collected at the end of the experiment.The contents of IgE,IL-4 and HT in serum were detected by ELISA.The pathological morphology of the nasal mucosa was analyzed.The results showed that compared with the normal group,the contents of IgE,IL-4 and HT in serum of the model group increased significantly (P < 0.05).Compared to the model group,the contents of IgE,IL-4 and HT in serum of the water group decreased significantly (P <0.05).Contents of IgE,IL-4 and HT in other groups presented decreasing tendency.However,there was no statistical significance.The pathological morphology of the nasal mucosa results showed that compared with the normal group,the cell inflammatory response of the nasal mucosa tissues significantly increased in the model group (P < 0.01).Compared with the model group,the cell inflammatory response of nasal mucosa tissues significantly decreased in the ZDC group and water group (P < 0.05).There was no statistical significance in other groups.It was concluded that components in water part were the main material basis for efficacy of Bi-Ning spray in the treatment of allergic rhinitis.

5.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 418-420, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467750

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the causes of clinical misdiagnosis of solid pseudopapillary tumor of pancreas (SPTP),and recommend the countermeasures with a combination of pertinent literature.Methods The clinical data of 10 cases of SPTP with misdiagnosis were retrospectively analyzed.There were 9 women and 1 man,and the average age was 29.3 years old.The clinical symptoms were nonspecific.Results All patients received surgical treatment,and the correct diagnosis was made according to the pathology after surgery.All patients were followed up,and no recurrence or metastasis was found.Conclusions SPTP is a rare disease in clinic.Sufficient understanding in the clinical features and imaging characteristics can improve the rate of diagnosis before operation.

6.
Journal of Jilin University(Medicine Edition) ; (6): 1166-1170, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485454

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the growth characteristics and multi-time dynamic contrast-enhanced MR(DCE-MR)findings of rabbit VX2 liver tumor on MR imaging, and to provide a reliable basis for the values of MR in assessment of non-surgical treatment effect of rabbit VX2 liver tumor.Methods 10 rabbit VX2 liver tumor models were established by liver tissue embedding through laparotomy under direct vision and DCE-MRI scaning was performed at the 2nd,3rd,4th and 5th week after establishment.The tumor volume (V)and tumor growth rate (TGR)were calculated at different time points and the signal characteristics were analyzed on MR imaging;then all the rabbits were excuted and HE staining were performed to observe the cancer cells in different places with microscope.Results The TGR at the 3rd week after establishment (404.16%±114.64%)was significantly higher than that at the 4th week (223.49%±65.90%)(t=3.417,P<0.05).The tumors with well-boundary were rim-like enhanced significantly and the central parts were not enhanced on DCE-MR imaging,and the parts between the edge and centre of tumors were heterogeneously mild enhanced. The HE staining results showed that 6 cases of tumor were squamous cell carcinoma and the cells were distributed densely in the edge,the cancer cells and necrosis were distributed equally in the parts between the edge and centre of tumors and the centre of tumors were necrosis parts.Conclusion The rabbit VX2 liver tumor grows rapidly at the 3rd week after establishment, and its histological features can be better reflected by DCE-MRI.

7.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 811-812, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466606

ABSTRACT

Cyclin-dependent kinase 10 (CDK10) function as a tumor suppressor gene through regulating cell cycle interacting with transcription factor Ets2.Studies demonstrate that the downregulation of CDK10 expression occurs in multiple cancer types,indicating a potential application of CDK10 as a molecular diagnostic marker as well as therapeutic target.

8.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 824-827, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458649

ABSTRACT

Point-of-care testing ( POCT ) is expanding rapidly worldwide due to its simplicity and rapid testing.At present , POCT has mainly focused on detection of proteins ( antigen/antibody ) and small molecules based on immunological assay and dry chemical technology.In the past decade , rapid diagnostic assays for nucleic acid have quickly progressed.Some nucleic acid-based POCT products have been developed and approved by US FDA.Now this article discusses the advances in the field of rapid nucleic acid testing including some new technologies and their applications.As a new area of in vitro diagnostics , POCT for nucleic acid is worthy of our attention.

9.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 465-467, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-448511

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the molecular mechanism of As 2 O3 in suppressing metastasis of esophagus carcinoma cells.Methods The 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, adhesion and invasion assay were performed to observe the inhibitory effect of As 2 O3 on proliferation and metastasis of esophagus carcinoma cells .The expressions of matrix metalloproteinases ( MMP)2, MMP9, E-cadherin, and protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor-type O ( PTPRO) were analyzed with Western blot .Results Exposure to As 2 O3 significantly presented suppressive functions on growth and metastasis of esophagus carcinoma cells in a dose-dependent manner ( P <0.01 ) .Additionally , MMP2 and MMP9 expressions were increased after treatment with casticin ( P <0.01 ) , whereas E-cadherin and PTPRO expressions were down-regulated ( P <0.01 ) .Conclusions As2 O3 had a significant function to inhibit proliferation and metastasis of esophagus carcinoma cells .

10.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 244-247, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425115

ABSTRACT

Objective To quantify the heart and liver iron overload in thalassemia patients and discuss the relationship of iron deposition between them,and to evaluate the accuracy of using hepatic iron concentration > 15 mg/g dry tissue as an index to predict heart iron deposition as used in clinical practice.Methods One hundred and three transfusion-dependent patients with thalassemia,who were older than 5 years,underwent MRI heart and liver measurement to obtain T2 * values.The Spearman rank correlation was employed to analyze the relationship between cardiac T2 * and liver T2 * values.By using liver T2 * =0.96 ms as standard setting,patients were divided into two groups,and the differences of cardiac T2 * values between the two groups were compared by Wilcoxon rank sum test.Then by using cardiac T2 * =10,20 ms as standard setting,patients were divided into 3 groups,and the differences of liver T2 * values among the 3 groups were compared by Wilcoxon rank sum test.The ROC curves were drawn to predict the possibility of using hepatic iron concentration > 15 mg/g dry tissue as an index of cardiac iron deposition.Results The cardiac and liver T2 * values of the 103 thalassemia patients showed low correlation(r =0.453,P =0.000).With the liver T2 * value reduced,the cardiac T2* value did not decline proportionally.The cardiac T2 * value range and median of 25 patients' group whose liver T2 * < 0.96 ms were 4.70 to 41.70 ms and 12.10 ms,respectively.The cardiac T2 * value range and the median of 78 patients' group whose liver T2 * > 0.96 ms were 4.80 to 51.10 ms and 26.10 ms,respectively.There was statistically significant difference between those of the two groups(Z =-3.566,P =0.000).The liver T2 * value range and the median of 20 patients'group whose cardiac T2 * < 10 ms was 0.68 to 3.83 ms and 1.06 ms,respectively.The liver T2 * value range and the median of 58 patients' group whose cardiac T2 * ≥20 ms were 0.74 to 14.80 ms and 1.76 ms,respectively.There was statistical difference between those of the two groups(Z =-3.553,P =0.000).The liver T2 * value range and the median of 25 patients' group with cardiac 10 ms≤T2 * <20 ms were 0.69 to 13.59 ms and 0.99 ms,respectively.The values were significantly different from that of T2* ≥20 ms group(Z =-3.951,P =0.000).The liver T2 * values of cardiac T2* < 10 ms group was not statistically different from that of 10 ms≤T2* <20 ms group(Z =-0.046,P =0.964).To predict cardiac iron deposition with the index of hepatic iron concentration > 15 mg/g dry tissue,the area under the ROC curve was 0.771.The sensibility was 42.2%,the specificity was 89.7%.Conclusions There is low correlation between heart and liver iron level in thalassemia patients with long-term transfusions.Patients with hepatic iron concentration > 15 mg/g dry tissue have a higher incidence of heart iron deposition,but the accuracy of using hepatic iron concentration as an index to predict myocardial iron deposition is low to moderate.

11.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 993-997, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430067

ABSTRACT

Objective Using MRI-T2 * method to quantify the cardiac iron overload in patients with β-thalassemia major and to evaluate the correlation between cardiac T2 * values and serum ferritin (SF),liver iron concentration(LIC).Methods Fifty-eight over 10 years old transfusion-dependent patients with β-thalassemia major were underwent MRI heart measurement to obtain T2 * values.Spearman rank correlation was used to analyze the relationship between cardiac T2*,SF,and LIC.Patients were divided into two groups based on standard setting (SF >2500 μg/L or LIC > 15 mg/g of dry tissue).Differences of cardiac T2 * values between two groups were evaluated by Wilcoxon rank sum test with cardiac T2 * < 20 ms as diagnosis standard.The sensibilities and specificities of prediction for cardiac iron deposition with the index of SF > 2500 μg/L or LIC > 15 mg/g dry tissue were calculated,and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed.Results The range (median) of cardiac T2 * values,SF and LIC in 58 patients were 4.7-51.1 ms (14.0 ms),1345-23 640 μg/L (5741 μg/L),9.0->43.0 mg/g dry tissue (41.4 mg/g),respectively.There was no linear correlation between cardiac T2 * values and SF (r =-0.240,P =0.070).Cardiac T2 * values and LIC was weakly correlated (r =-0.420,P =0.002).The range (median) of cardiac T2 * values was 6.1-47.6 ms (23.7 ms) in 7 patients of SF ≤ 2500 μg/L group.The range (median) of cardiac T2 * values was 4.7-51.1 ms(13.5 ms) in 51 patients of SF >2500 μg/L group.There was no statistically significant difference between two groups (Z =-0.489,P =0.625).The range (median) of cardiac T2 * values was 24.4-51.1 ms (44.8 ms) in 5 patients of the LIC ≤15 mg/g dry tissue group.The range (median) of cardiac T2 * values was 4.7-45.5 ms (13.2 ms) in 53 patients of HIC > 15 mg/g dry tissue group.There was significant difference between T2 * values of the two groups(Z =-2.895,P =0.004).To predict cardiac iron deposition,the sensibilities and specificities were 90.9% (30/33) and 16.0% (4/25) for the index of SF >2500 μg/L,100.0% (33/33) and 20.0%(5/25) for LIC > 15 mg/g dry tissue respectively.The areas under the ROC curve were 0.652 with the index of SF and 0.775 with the index of LIC.Conclusions MRI-T2 * method can directly quantify the cardiac iron overload in patients with β-thalassemia major.There is no linear correlation between cardiac T2 * values and SF.Cardiac T2 * values and LIC is weakly correlated.Using SF or LIC as an indirect index to predict cardiac iron deposition is not reliable in clinical.

12.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 1054-1060, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383077

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify biomarkers associated with the differentiated phenotype based on gene expression profiling of gastric cancer. Methods Two bioinformatic methods, BAGEL and k-TSP, were used to identify featured genes associated with differentiation in gastric cancer samples based on the Oligo gene chip data, and ROC curves were used to verify the classification sensitivity and specificity of the identified genes. Finally, a total of 30 gastric cancer samples with different differentiation levels were collected for laboratory validation using real-time PCR analyses. Results A total of 121 differentially expressed genes were identified using the BAGEL algorithm, the criterion were FC > 2. 0 and P < 0. 001.Then, the k-TSP algorithm for feature selection based on this differential expression data were used, and 3 groups of featured genes which had potential to classify poor and well differentiation gastric cancer samples were identified, including MYLIP and TMPRSS3, ZNF266 and TM4SF1, SNAI2 and CNFN. To define the featured gene groups that had the highest classification capability, ROC curves to calculate the classification sensitivity and specificity of each gene group were used. The results showed that the combination of SNAI2and CNFN as a classifier had the highest classification sensitivity and specificity. Real-time PCR results showed that 18 of 22 poor differentiation samples were found with high expression of SNAI2 and low expression of CNFN (82%); 6 of 8 well differentiation samples were of low expression of SNAI2 and high expression of CNFN (75%). Conclusion The results indicate that SNAI2 and CNFN are constantly expressed in poor or well differentiation gastric cancer samples, and the expression pattern of these two genes is opposite. These results indicate that SNAI2 and CNFN have the potential for the identification of the differentiation level of gastric cancer.

13.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12)2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-574328

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the curative effect of comprehensive rehabilitative treatment for lumbar intervertebral disc protrusion by using the MRI tests before and after the treatment. Methods Forty patients with lumbar intervertebral disc protrusion were treated by a comprehensive rehabilitative treatment program composed of physical modalities, medications, traction, massage and medical gymnastics, for 30 days. MRI test were performed with all the patients, and comparison of the MRI manifestations before and after the treatment was conducted to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy. Results The clinical effective rate was 82.5%. There was no significant difference between the MRI manifestations, including MRI signal intensity, thickness and degree of the protrusion, anteroposterior and transverse diameter, width of lateral recess, before and after the treatment. Conclusion The comprehensive rehabilitative treatment program used in this study did not significantly decrease the size of lumbar intervertebral disc protrusion, but did relieve or cure the clinical symptoms of the patients.

14.
Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-566734

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects and the underlying mechanisms of inhibiting three kinds of DNA methyltransferases(DNMT1,DNMT3a and DNMT3b) on the re-expression of cancer/testis antigen(CTA) in hepatic cells.Methods Transient transfection of HepG2 cells with siRNA was targeted against DNMT1,DNMT3a and DNMT3b(DNMT1+3a+3b),DNMT1 and DNMT3a(DNMT1+3a),DNMT1 and DNMT3b(DNMT1+3b),DNMT3a and DNMT3b(DNMT3a+3b),respectively.The other batch of cells was treated with 5'-aza-deoxycytidine(5-aza-dC) as positive control.Real-time PCR and Western blotting were used to detect the expressions of DNMTs and CTAsm,and the promoter methylation of partial CTA genes was detected with methylation specific PCR(MSP).Results Expressions of DNMT1,DNMT3a and DNMT3b declined significantly after siRNA interference in HepG2 cells.Two CTAs,CT10 and SSX1,re-expressed in the cells transfected by DNMT1+3a and DNMT1+3b.MAGE1 and MAGE3 were equally expressed in all cells despite been transfected or not.Demethylation occurred in the promoter region of CT10,while the promoter region of MAGE1 was in a state of unmethylation.Conclusions In HepG2 cells,CTA promoter can be demethylated via interference of DNMTs,which may lead to the re-expression of CTA that was originally unexpressed due to methylation.

15.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-542359

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore MRI features and diagnostic value of primary hepatocellular carcinoma(PHCC).Methods Onehundred and seventy-four patients which were diagnosed as PHCC by MRI were analyzed retrospectively,including signal intensity ofPHCC,pseudocapsules,the sign out of PHCC(such as the tumor thrombi in portal or hepatic vein,lymph nodule in abdomen),and therelationship between them and tumor patterns.The accurate and misdiagnostic rate of MRI in the cases of PHCC proved by pathology were analysed.Results The signal intensity of PHCC was mainly hypointense or slightly hypointense on T_1WI and slightly hyperintense on T_2WI.The accurate rate of MRI in diagnosis of PHCC was 91.42%.The appeared rate of unhomogeneous signal intense of PHCC on T_2WI,thetumor thrombi in portal or hepatic veins and the peudocapsules was of significance in statistics between different type of PHCC.Pseudocapsules were shown better on T_1WI than on T_2WI and fat suppression.Conclusion MRI signal intensity of PHCC is socharacteristic that it has improtant value in diagnosing PHCC.

16.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-521412

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of extrahepatic growing hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC). Methods The clinical data of 11 patients with extrahepatic growing HCC were analysed retrospectively. Results The mean diameter of the tumors was (12.4?4.3)cm.All the tumors in the 11 patients had complete capsule formation. The numbers of tumors located in the left, right and caudate lobe of the liver were 6,3 and 2 respectively. Surgical treatment included segmentectomy in 6 cases , lobectomy in 4 cases, and unresectable in 1 case. The 1-, 2-, and 3-year survival rates were 80.1%,62.3%, and 47.6% respectively. Conclusions Although the size of extrahepatic growing HCC is large,the resection rate is high and prognosis is good. The resection of hepatic segments or lobes containing the lesion should be done in radical operation of this tumors.

17.
Chinese Journal of Cancer Biotherapy ; (6)1995.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-581799

ABSTRACT

Our previous investigation have demonstrated that multiple genes alterations, such as deletion of Rb, p53 and p16 gene, point mutation of H-ras gene were detected in cell line and solid tumor of human gastric cancer. We have transfect-ed the independent construct containing Rb, p53, p16 and expression of H-ras antisense RNA respectively into human gastric cancer cell line, and we have analyzed the biological properties of several independent transfectant cell lines, which express exogenous Rb, p53, p16 and H-ras antisense RNA respectively. The cell growth ability was inhibited by introduction of p53 and H-ras antisense RNA, and tumorigenicity also suppressed significantly by p53, p16 and H-ras antisense RNA. These results indicated that alterations of p53, p16 and H-ras gene were involved in human gastric car-cinogenesis.

18.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12)1993.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-673696

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the feasibility and safety of resection of tumors in hepatic centric area. Methods The clinical data of 36 patients with tumors in hepatic centric area treated by resection in our hospital from Jan 1996 to Dec 2001 were retrospectively analyzed. In this series,there were 26 cases of liver cancer and 10 cases of benign tumor. Of the 36 patients,the tumor involved the first porta hepatis in 13 cases, involved the second porta hepatis in 10 , involved the third porta hepatis in 5 , involved both the first and second porta hepatis in 3, and involved both the second and third porta hepatis in 5 cases. Results During the operation, massive hemorrhage occurred in 4 cases(11.1%). Postoperative complications occurred in 11 patients(30.5%),including liver function failure in 1 case (2.7%), biliary fistula in 2 cases (5.5%), pleural effusion in 6 cases (16.7%), subphrenic infection in 1 case (2.7%),and abdominal incisional hernia in 1 case (2.7%). All patients recovered except that one died of acute hepatic failure after the operation. Conclusions Although the surgery for this tumor is quite difficult and risky, if enough attention is paid to the choice of the patient,and the meticulous surgical technique,the operation safety and therapeutic result of the operation could be improved.

19.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12)1993.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-518589

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the protective effect of ischemic preconditioning(IP) on liver ischemia/reperfusion(I/R)injury in rats with cirrhosis.Methods Thirty-two SD rats with liver cirrhosis induced by carbon tetrachloride were randomly divided into IP group and Non-IP(NIP) group,according to whether an IP was performed before liver I/R injury or not.The function of liver, superoxide dismutase(SOD),glutathione peroxidase(GSH-PX),malonyldialdehyde(MDA),adenine nucleotide(ATP,ADP,AMP),energy charge(EC),nitric oxide(NO)in liver tissues,the changes in liver histology,and one-week survival rate after the test in both groups were compared.Results Compared with NIP group,the serum AST,ALT ,and LDH and the MDA contents significantly decreased(P

20.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12)1993.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-533355

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the protective effect of the first window(FW)of liver ischemic preconditioning(IPC),the second window(SW) of remote(leg) ischemic preconditioning(RPC) and conbined applications of liver and lges IPC to against liver ischemia/reperfusion(I/R) injury in the rat,and to investigate the mechanism of the protection.Methods Rats were randomly divided into five groups(n=8 each):(1) Sham group(S group),rats without IPC,(2) Rats with 5 min IPC(IPC group);(3) Rat wiht both liver and lower limbs IPC and repeated three times(RPC group);(4) IPC 24 h after RPC group;(5) IR without IP(I/R group);except S group,the rats were subjected to 60 min sustained liver ischemia followed by 180 min reperfusion.All ischemia rats were only subjected to 70% liver ischemia.Finally,blood and liver samples were obtained to determine the activity of ALT and AST,the expressions of TNF-? and HSP70 protein,and liver wet/dry weight(W/D) and pathology.Results All IPC group and RPC group and IPC+RPC group had obviously lower levels of ALT,AST,W/D,TNF-? than that of the I/R group(P0.05).Conclusions The FW of the IPC,the SW of the RPC and combined applications can lessen hepatic I/R injury.There is no significant difference in the protective intensity of the 3 motheds.The protective effects possibly are due to suppression of TNF-? production,induction of protein HSP70 expression and improvement of liver microcirculation.

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