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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880815

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the intra- and inter-scanner reproducibility of quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) of cerebral subcortical nuclei in healthy adults.@*METHODS@#QSM was performed in 21 healthy adults on two different 3.0T MR scanners, and the region of interest (ROI) method was used to measure the magnetic susceptibility value of the left subcortical nuclei (the head of the caudate, putamen, globus pallidus, thalamus, substantia nigra and red nucleus). The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and Bland-Altman method were used to evaluate the inter-scanner and intra-scanner reliability.@*RESULTS@#The ICCs of the susceptibility value ranged from 0.90 to 0.99 for all the subcortical gray nuclei except for the head of the caudate nucleus measured on the same MR scanner by the same observer. Bland-Altman analysis revealed that the points with susceptibility differences for all the subcortical gray nuclei except for substantia nigra located in the 95% CI of limits of agreement for the same MR scanner. The ICCs of the susceptibility value for the inter-scanner was 0.49 (0.08-0.75) for the head of the caudate nuleus, 0.80 (0.57-0.91) for the putamen, 0.77 (0.51-0.90) for the globus pallidus, 0.78 (0.54-0.91) for the thalamus, 0.80 (0.56-0.91) for the substantia nigra and 0.93 (0.83-0.97) for the red nucleus. The points with susceptibility difference (95.2%, 20/21) located in the 95% CI of limits of agreement for the putamen and the thalamus measured on two different MR scanners.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The intra-scanner reproducibility of QSM of the subcortical gray nuclei is superior to the inter-scanner reproducibility in healthy adults.


Subject(s)
Adult , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Gray Matter , Humans , Iron , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Reproducibility of Results , Substantia Nigra/diagnostic imaging
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799357

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the application of calcium suppressed (CaSupp) spectral CT technique in evaluating disk position and measuring the thickness of the posterior band of temporomandibular joint (TMJ).@*Methods@#The twenty-three temporomandibular disorder patients [mean age 23(12~62) years, male/female=14/9] were performed with oblique sagittal and coronal proton density weighted imaging (PDWI) and spectral CT scans from February to July, 2019 in Department of Radiology, Hainan Hospital of General Hospital of Chinese PLA, and 45 TMJ joints were evaluated. The subjects were classified into two groups according to the scanning modalities: MRI measurement group and CaSupp spectral-based CT group. The CaSupp technique were applied with the spectral-based CT images and CaSupp images were generated. The oblique sagittal and coronal CaSupp imaged were reformatted by perpendicular to the long axis of the condyle. The TMJ disk positions were evaluated on oblique sagittal and coronal images, and the maximal disk thickness were measured on the oblique sagittal images.@*Results@#The joint position was basically consistent on MRI and CaSupp images for the 45 TMJ joints. The intra-class coefficient value was 0.843 (0.712, 0.914) for the measurement of the posterior band of the TMJ disk between MRI and CaSupp images. Bland-Altman presented that the [95.6% (43/45)] points with the difference located in the 95% agreement interval. Wilcoxon paired text demonstrated that there was no significant different for the thickness of the posterior band between MRI [2.57 (1.76, 3.65) mm] and CaSupp images [2.67 (1.74, 4.56) mm] (P=0.07).@*Conclusions@#The CaSupp spectral-based CT could be used to evaluated the TMJ disk position and the thickness of the posterior band.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781647

ABSTRACT

The magnetic resonance imaging findings of multicystic encephalomalacia are featured by bilateral frontal large cystic lesion with corpus callosum involvement,evident heterogeneous enhancement of the lesion margin,ring hyperintensity on diffusion weighted imaging,and high choline peak and low N-acetylaspartate peak of the enhanced lesion margin on magnetic resonance spectroscopy.This article reports a case of multicystic encephalomalacia.


Subject(s)
Corpus Callosum , Encephalomalacia , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
4.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 522-526, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805696

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the mandibular condylar location and morphology in the temporomandibular joint disorders.@*Methods@#One hundred thirty-seven TMD patients (age 37.5±16.1 years, male/female=39/98) were performed with MRI scan for temporomandibular joint (TMJ) from November, 2011 to April, 2019 in Department of Radiology,Hainan Hospital of General Hospital of Chinese PLA and General Hospital of Chinese PLA. The patients were classified into 3 groups according the disc displacement: disc without displacement (DWoD) (185 TMJ), disc displacement with reduction (DDWR) (17 TMJ) and disc displacement without reduction (DDWoR) (72 TMJ). The location (anterior position, central position and posterior position) and morphology (oval shape, flat shape and beaklike shape) of the condylar head were observed on the sagittal PDWI, and the long and short axes were measured on the axial T2WI. Another groups were classified into 3 subgroups according to the disc displacement of bilateral TMJ: bilateral normal disc location (biND) (74 cases), unilateral disc displacement (uniDD) (40 cases) and bilateral disc displacement (23 cases). The inter-condyle angle was measured on the axial T2WI.@*Results@#There was no significant difference for the location of condylar head among DWoD, DDWR and DDwoR groups (χ2=7.435, P=0.115). The rate for flat condylar shape was significantly higher in DWoD group [83.9%(115/137)] than that in DDWoR group [50.7%(34/67)], and the rate for beaklike condylar shape was significantly lower in DWoD group [16.1%(22/137)] than that in DDWoR group [49.3%(33/67)] (χ2=23.521, P<0.001). The length of long axis presented significantly longer in DWoD group [(17.2±2.4) mm] than that in DDWR group [(15.4±2.0) mm] and that in DDWoR group [(14.7±2.7) mm] (P<0.05). The length of short axis presented significantly longer in DWoD group [(7.3±1.2) mm] than that in DDWR group [(6.5±1.3) mm] and that in DDWoR group [(6.1±1.4) mm] (P<0.05). The inter-condyle angle presented significantly larger in biND group (136°±13°) and uniDD group (132°±14°) than that inbiDD group (124°±17°) (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#The mandibular condylar morphology changes significantly presented in the patients with temporomandibular disc displacement for the temporomandibular disorders.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277881

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the difference of texture on conventional T2-weighted image (T2WI) between hepatic cyst and hepatic hemangioma. Methods All the subjects included 156 patients with hepatic cyst [A group:100 cases with equi or low signal on diffusion weighted imaging (DWI);B group:56 cases with high signal on DWI] and 100 patients with hemangioma (C group). Conventional magnetic resonance imaging T2WI,DWI and dynamic contrast enhancement were performed on all the patients,and the texture analysis was applied with the images of T2WI,and the texture parameters included angular second moment,contrast,correlation,inverse difference moment,and entropy. Independent sample t-test and Aspin-Welch test were performed for the comparisons among groups. Results All the texture parameters showed significant difference among groups [(A+B) group vs. C group:P=0.000,P=0.000,P=0.000,<inline-formula><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" id="Mml1-1000-503X-39-2-169"><mml:mtable frame="none" columnlines="none" rowlines="none"><mml:mtr><mml:mtd><mml:maligngroup/><mml:mrow><mml:msub><mml:mrow><mml:msub><mml:mrow><mml:mi>P</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mi mathvariant="italic">inverse difference moment</mml:mi></mml:mrow></mml:msub></mml:mrow><mml:mrow/></mml:msub></mml:mrow></mml:mtd></mml:mtr></mml:mtable></mml:math></inline-formula>=0.822,P=0.000;A group vs. C group:P=0.000,P=0.000,P=0.000,P=0.092,P=0.000;B group vs. C group:P=0.000,P=0.000,P=0.000,P=0.046,P=0.009],and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis demonstrated that contrast and correlation had high differential diagnostic values between hepatic cyst and hemangioma. Conclusion Hepatic cyst and hemangioma present evident different texture characteristics,and the texture analysis may be considered as a simple and effective tool in the differential diagnosis between hepatic cyst and hemangioma based on the images of T2WI.

6.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 1298-1302, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484111

ABSTRACT

Objective There is little research on the relationship of gene polymorphism of CYP2C19 and clopidogrel response after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting ( PTAS) in patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease.The study aimed to investigate the relationship between gene polymorphism and high on-treatment platelet reactivity ( HTPR ) after PTAS and 6 months of regular dual antiplatelet administration in patients. Methods A total of 145 Chinese patients treated with PTAS in our de-partment from January 2011 to March 2014 were enrolled in this study.According to the gene sequencing, patients were divided into wild-type group(CYP2C19*1/*1,69 cases) and mutation group(heterozygous mutation CYP2C19*1/*2 and homozygous mutation CYP2C19*2/*2, 76 cases).Patients received a 100mg/d aspirin and 75mg/d clopidogrel maintenance dose (MD) as dual anti-platelet therapy after PTAS.The clopidogrel inhibition effect was measured by thrombelastography ( TEG) system 6 months after PTAS. Routine cerebral artery digital subtraction angiography was applied to evaluate whether there was restenosis in stent and logistic regres-sion analysis was used to analyze the influential factors of HTPR after PTAS and clopidogrel adminstration. Results After 6 months'regular administration of clopidogrel after PTAS, the platelet adenosine diphosphate ( ADP ) receptor inhibition rates in wild-type group, heterozygous mutation and homozygous mutation group were respectively (58.43 ±21.98)%, (47.80 ±22.93)%, (37.53 ± 21.84)%.The platelet ADP receptor inhibition rate was significantly decreased compared with wild-type group(P=0.001).Carriers of at least one CYP2C19 loss-of-function ( LOF) allele had a higher frequency of clopidogrel HTPR (35.5% vs17.4 % for patients with and without LOF alleles, respectively;P=0.014) .Using multivariate logistic regression analysis, the carriage of CYP2C19 LOF alleles was an independent predictor of the post-procedure HTPR (OR=2.356, 95% CI:1.053-5.272, P=0.037).The rate of ISR was remarkably higher in patients with at least one CYP2C19*2 alleles compared with wild-type patients(11.8%vs 1.4%, P=0.019) . Conclusion In patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease, the CYP2C19 LOF allele had significant impact on post-procedure clopidogrel HTPR and the prognosis of ISR after PTAS.

7.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 2062-2066, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-670159

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the growth-promoting properties and applicability of the mycoplasma test culture media pre-scribed in Chinese pharmacopoeia, and provide reference for the standardization of the drug mycoplasma test method. Methods: Re-spectively using four quantitative detection methods including sensitivity, degree of color change, colony counts and colony diameter, and mycoplasma media widely used in the world as the reference media, the growth-promoting properties of 4 batches of mycoplasma broth and 4 batches of arginine mycoplasma broth from four domestic manufacturers were investigated. Results:The results of sensitivity assay and absorbance detection showed that all the media inoculated with below 100 CFU test microorganisms exhibited visible color change. Furthermore, the results of color change degree and colony diameter showed that there were significant differences among the media products from different manufacturers(P<0. 01). Conclusion:Mycoplasma broth and arginine mycoplasma broth both can sup-port the growth of below 100 CFU test microorganisms. Due to the difference in the growth-promoting properties among the media prod-ucts from different manufacturers, the drug mycoplasma test workers should use more sensitive methods to examine the applicability of the media.

8.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 1974-1977, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-670115

ABSTRACT

Microbiological data deviations ( MDD) investigation differs from out of the standard ( OOS) investigation in chemical inspection items. Investigating Out-of-Specification( OOS) Test Results for Pharmaceutical Production issued by FDA specifically ex-cludes microbiological and other biological assays. Until recently, there is not a definitive guideline for MDD investigation in the world. Some institutions and experts have explored the practice and theory of MDD investigation. Referred to the existing practical experience and theoretical achievement and based on the provisions of Chinese GMP (2010 revision) and the requirements of Chinese Pharmaco-poeia Ⅱ(2010 edition) Appendix XIX Q, the article discussed the methods for MDD laboratory investigation.

9.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 679-681, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669974

ABSTRACT

Objective:To provide the basic data for the further revision of mycoplasma test method described in Chinese Pharma-copoeia and some references for the operation standardization of drug mycoplasma test. Methods:Two incubation conditions,namely aerobic conditions and microaerophilic conditions,were compared with respect to the growth status of mycoplasma in liquid and solid media. Results:The growth of mycoplasma was obvious difference between the two incubation conditions,and the microaerophilic con-ditions were better than the aerobic conditions. Conclusion:The microaerophilic conditions can be used in the incubation of mycoplas-ma test,which should be defined and standardized in the future Chinese Pharmacopoeia.

10.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 873-875, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-445787

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate overall quality status of rose bengal agar culture medium for drug control in China to provide technical support for the drug standard revision. Methods:Four quality control microorganisms, namely Aspergillus niger, Candida al-bicans, Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli, were used to evaluate the quality of rose bengal agar culture medium from 7 domes-tic and foreign manufacturers. Results:Including the control medium, the pH value of all the 8 media was different. The growth rate of Aspergillus niger and Candida albicans in the seven tested media were all above 0. 7 without significant difference (P>0. 05). The selectivity factors of Staphylococcus aureus in the seven media and the control medium was more than 6. The eight media showed differ-ences in the selectivity factors of Escherichia coli. Among them, A, B, C, E, G and the control medium had no inhibitory ( selectivi-ty) , while D and F showed certain selectivity. Conclusion:The rose bengal agar media from different manufacturers for drug control show similar growth-promoting ability with different pH value and selectivity to Escherichia coli.

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