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China Pharmacy ; (12): 581-586, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817055


OBJECTIVE: To investigate the current situation of medication safety in 24 public medical institutions(referred to as “hospital”) from Linyi city and the differences in medication safety between urban and rural areas. METHODS: ISMP self-assessment scale [including 10 key elements (Ⅰ-Ⅹ,such as “Ⅰ patient’s information” “Ⅱ drug information”), 20 key characteristics and 270 evaluation projects] developed by Institute of Safe Medication Practices was used to investigate 24 hospitals in Linyi city. The implementation rates of 10 key elements in urban and rural hospitals were analyzed statistically, and the top 10 evaluation projects were listed for the key elements with the lowest implementation rate. The key elements and top 10 evaluation projects with the largest difference in the implementation rate were compared between urban and rural hospitals. Radar maps were used for comparison and analysis intuitively. RESULTS: A total of 24 hospitals were surveyed, including 12 in urban and 12 in rural areas; there were significant differences in the implementation rate of 10 key factors among 24 hospitals; the elements with the highest implementation rate were “Ⅶ environmental factors, workflow and staffing pattern”(56.55%);the elements with the lowest implementation rate was “Ⅱ drug information” (26.77%). Among 33 evaluation projects of “Ⅱ drug information”, the implementation rate of No. 36 project (12.50%, related to opioids) was the lowest. Among the implementation rates of 10 key elements in 12 urban hospitals and 12 rural hospitals, the key elements with the greatest difference was “Ⅳ drug label, packaging and naming” (differing by 44.44%,59.72% vs. 15.28%); Among“Ⅸ patient education”evaluation project with the greatest gap, there was the greatest difference in No. 199 project (related to patients’ active participation in medication, 58.33% in urban, 4.17% in rural). CONCLUSIONS: The results of medication safety investigation in 24 hospitals from Linyi city show that all the item in each hospital needs to be improved expecially in the implementation of “Ⅱ drug information”. Rural hospitals should strengthen medication education for patients.

Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 981-983, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501509


Objective: To compare the blood lfow of left internal mammary artery (LIMA) graft vessel between minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) and traditional median sternotomyin off-pump coronary artery bypass (Traditional OPCAB) by transit-time lfow meter (TTFM). Methods: We retrospectively studied 300 patients who received OPCAB in our hospital from 2013-01 to 2015-07, all patients had LIMA to left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) anastomosis. The patients were divided into 2 groups: MIDCAB group, n=70 and Traditional OPCAB group,n=230. Intra-operative blood lfow in graft vessel was measured by transit-time lfow meter. Pre- and post-operative indexes and the mean lfow (MF), pulsatile index (PI), diastolic fraction (DF) of LIMA graft were compared between 2 groups. Results: The following indexes in Traditional OPCAB group and MIDCAB group were as below: intra-operative transfusion was (3.00±5.42) U vs (1.06±2.17) U, post-operative peak value of cTnI was (2.84±9.93) ng/ml vs (0.69±1.74) ng/ml, mechanical ventilation time was (27.9±66.9) h vs (14.2±20.8) h and ICU stay time was (64.1±89.6) h vs (35.2±39.2) h, allP0.05. Conclusion: With LIMA to LAD graft, MIDCAB may achieve the same effect as traditional OPCAB, the early post-operative anastomosis has been reliable.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-565708


0.05).Conclusion Tripterygium wilfordii,combined with routine treatment,appeared to decrease 24-hour proteinuria in a certain extent and did not adversely affect liver function,renal function and the blood routine test in most patients with diabetic nephropathy.