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1.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 12-16, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436114

ABSTRACT

Objective To learn Chinese and English nurses' knowledge of,attitude to,and experience of physical activity(PA) and associated health promotion(HP).Methods Content analysis method was used to analyze the open-ended questions in a questionnaire survey of Chinese and English nurses about physical activity and associated health promotion.Results Nurses from both countries felt the heavy workload of nursing work was an important barrier for their personal PA,and they all appealed the institution should provide PA facilities or easy access to gym or other sport center.UK nurses demonstrated comprehensive understanding of PA and PA HP,and reported positive attitude toward their own role model in PA HP.Chinese nurses concerned more about their own PA than their PA HP,and they were lack of motivation to participate in PA.Conclusions Education to nurses for physical activity and health promotion should be encouraged.Implications for future research about nurses' occupational physical activity are noted.

2.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 62-64, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-387390

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand and analyze the situation of orthopedic nursing manpower resources in grade- Ⅲ general hospital in Shanghai and provide empirical evidence for appropriate allocation and exploitation of nursing manpower resources. Methods Data were collected by questionnaire and then underwent analysis. Results In 2009,the number of authorized beds was 1866,the actual number of open beds was 2007.The number of nurses was 595 (2 male).The ratio of ward bed and nurse were 1:0.319 and 1:0.296, calculated by the authorized beds and authorized beds, respectively.The average age of head nurses was (37.53±6.11 ) years old, average working life span was (17.87 ± 6.16) years; college degree or above accounted for 95.56%; middle professional titles accounted for 62.22%. College degree or above accounted for 75.13% in nurses, junior professional titles accounted for 92.1%; age group is mostly concentrated in the 20 to 29 years of age, accounted for 67.06%; working life span concentrated within 10 years, accounted foi 73.11%. The education level mainly is primary school in the care workers (carer), accounted for 45.83%; concentrated in the 40 to 49 years of age, accounted for 60.42%; working life span concentrated in more than 6 years, accounted for 55.21%. Conclusions There are shortage of orthopedic nursing manpower resources, unreasonable allocated structure, lack of male nurses in grade- Ⅲ general hospital in Shanghai. The management of the care workers should be standardized.

3.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 698-700, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383233

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the capability level classification system and capability level staffing standard of ICUs in tertiary hospitals, in an effort to raise the efficiency of nursing resources while ensuring quality of care of patients. Methods Such methods as experts meetings and Delphi Method were called into play to establish the nurses capability level system in ICUs with the convenient sampling method, we made clinical observation and research in 5 ICUs of 3 tertiary hospitals in Shanghai. Results Nurses in ICUs were classified into four levels, so were their responsibilities and job description. This way the system of nursing staff capability levels takes shape, and the staffing standards for nurses in ICUs of tertiary hospitals come into being. Conclusion Such tiered staffing standards in tertiary hospitals enable clinical nursing managers to deploy and efficiently use nursing staff of all levels.

4.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 5-8, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-396412

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the evaluation standard of admission and discharge of patients in surgical department using rehabilitation nursing beds in Shanghai. Methods Semi-structured interviews were used with 7 surgical experts, 1 rehabilitation expert and 2 nurse experts. The Delphi method was used twice in revising the standard with 105 surgical experts in 15 hospitals in Shanghai. Results The evalua-tion standard of admission and discharge of patients in surgical department using rehabilitation nursing beds was established preliminarily through semi-structured interviews. Conclusions The standard was finally established through revising by letter.

5.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 16-19, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-394920

ABSTRACT

Objective To calculate and analyze the grading nursing costs in a grade Ⅲ-A general hospital, and give suggestions to the government for rational pricing. Methods 6 wards were selected as the subjects, we calculated the total expenses by the ratio of income method, meanwhile, by sharing the cost we calculated the actual costs of grading nursing and let them underwent variance analysis. Results The actual cost of grade 1 nursing was (64.06±14.58) yuan, the actual cost of grade 2 nursing was (40.06±13.49) yuan, and the actual coat of grade 3 nursing was (31.11±5.81) yuan, by statistic analysis, the actual grad-ing nursing costs were significantly different from the current pricing system. Conclusions The grouping of nursing expense ia a difficult point in nursing cost study, and by calculating the actual grading nursing cost, we could develop measures to control the cost effectively. And the grading nursing total coat calculat-ing is the foundation of rational prices setting of grading nursing.

6.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 13-16, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-392761

ABSTRACT

Objective To know the relative efficiency condition in some cardiovascular surgical ICU for the nursing administrator to allocate the nursing resources.Methods Used the C2R model and the G2GS2 model to evaluate the effeciency of nursing manpowers in 12 cardiovascular surgical ICUs.Results The percentage of decision-making unit was 75% from the aspect of pure technique.The inefficent units can achieve the same levels of effeciency as the efficiency units by altering their inputs.Conclusions The coexistence of insufficiency and lower effeiciency were found in the nursing resource utilization of some cardiovascular surgical ICU,with a DEA based approach,we are able to provide scientific basis for the resource allocation through identifying the level of nursing efficiency.

7.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 4-6, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-401591

ABSTRACT

Objective To classify the nursing faculty in a certain third-class and first-grade hospi-tal.Methods We carried out 2 times of expert consultations about the classification of 14 nursing man-agement faculty in a certain third-class and first-grade hospital by Delphi method.Besides we had further interviews with 5 nursing experts and 12 nurses by means of qualitative interview.Results We got weight of rationality and harmony degree of expert attitude with a authoritative coefficient of 0.7867.The results of qualitative interview included 4 thematic concep4 understanding degree,meaning,basis of classification system.Conclusion Scientific and operational classification system for clinical nurses could set basis for reasonable settlement of nurses resource and design of nurses'career.

8.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 232-233, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-409755

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory insufficiency is common complication of surgical treatment of adolescent scoliosis patients. The preventive effects of breathing exercise before surgery is still uncertain.OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility and efficacy of breathing exercises for scoliosis patients before operation.DESIGN: Nonrandomized cross sectional study.SETTING, PARTICIPANTS and METHODS: Totally 35 hospitalized kids with scoliosis and pulmonary dysfunction aged from 9 to 15 years old were selected from Shanghai Changhai Hospital. A set of breathing exercise including which included pursed lip breathing, abdominal breathing, diaphragmatic breathing and blowing balloon was performed to these patients one week before surgery. The changes of pulmonary function were recorded and compared before and after exercises.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The change of vital capacity, lung capacity, forced ventilation capacity(FVC), maximal ventilation volume(MVV) before and after breath exercises.RESULTS: All sorts of indes are improved comparing with those before exercises. The vital capacity, lung capacity, FVC and MVV were greatly improved from(1.77 ±0. 36), (2.67 ±0. 84), (2.07 ±0.46), (52.5 ± 14.0) L before exercises to(2.65 ±0. 29), (3.56 ±0.79), (2.41 ±0.41), (70. 1 ± 17.0) L respectively( t = 3.63 - 11.28, P < 0.01).CONCLUSION: Preoperative breathing exercises can improve the pulmonary functions of kids with scoliosis and improve their tolerance to surgery and prevent the postoperative respiratory insufficiency.

9.
Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-552186

ABSTRACT

To investigate the nursing difference between abdominal aortic aneurysm patients undergone open surgery and endovascular graft exclusion, a comparative study was carried out in two groups of patients with infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms ( n =148), either by open surgical approach( n =96) or by endovascular stented graft technology( n =52). Four problems were compared between the two groups: (1) time of hospitalization, (2) dependency on nursing, (3)mobility after surgery, and (4) analgesic requirements. Data were obtained from a designated data sheet.The perioperation condition of the patients had no difference between the two groups, the time of hospitalization, dependency on nursing, mobility after surgery, and analgesic requirements in the endovascular stent repair group was shortened obviously. Analysis of the data can help us optimize the nursing process for patients undergoing open surgery and endovascular graft exclusion.

10.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12)2000.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-553315

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the imaging findings of the chest disease due to intravenous heroin abuse. Methods Twenty five cases of clinically confirmed chest disease due to intravenous heroin abuse were retrospectively analyzed. 25 cases had conventional X ray film, 6 cases had CT scanning, and 6 cases had echocardiography scanning. Results On X ray and CT, the following signs were found: lung making manifold ( n =5), small patchy shadow ( n =15), pneumatocele ( n =16), small cavity ( n =16), small node ( n =7), pleural effusion ( n =8), pneumothorax ( n =2), hydropneumothorax ( n =6), pulmonary edema ( n =2), megacardia ( n =11), multiple shaped lesion ( n =20). On echocardiography, tricuspid vegetation ( n =4) and tricuspid insufficiency ( n =4) were found. Conclusion The X ray and CT manifestations of chest inflammation due to intravenous heroin abuse are multiple. The multiple small cavities and pneumatoceles sign are of some value in the diagnosis of lung inflammation due to intravenous heroin abuse among young patients.

11.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6)1994.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-531520

ABSTRACT

This article collects data of nursing staff from 34 hospitals in Shanghai by on-spot interview which could reflects the current situation of nursing human resource allocation there.The result shows a shortage of nurse staff'.Most of them are female and youthful,with lower diploma and lower job title.By analyzing the equity of allocation,the accessibility of health service and the rationality of staff structure,we give some advices that the government should allocate the nursing human resource rationally to insure the quality of nursing care and maintain the stableness of nursing staff team.

12.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6)1994.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-531331

ABSTRACT

With the development of holistic nursing care and the deepening study of nursing management,it is necessary for us to introduce related ethical principles into nursing management.The most important ethic principles that should comply with nursing management include humanism principle,justice principle and harmony principle.

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