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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873603

ABSTRACT

@#To investigate the clinical features and influencing factors for new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) early after coronary artery bypass grafting. Methods    The clinical data of 339 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting in our hospital from January 2012 to January 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 267 males and 72 females with an average age of 37-83 (58.03±8.90) years. The clinical features and influencing factors for new-onset AF after surgery were investigated. Results    There were 234 patients of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG), with 36 (15.4%) new-onset AF patients after operation, among whom 16.1% were males and 12.5% were females. There were 105 patients of on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), with 39 (37.1%) new-onset AF patients, among whom 40.7% were males and 25.0% were females. The incidence was higher after the CABG surgery than that after the OPCABG surgery (37.1% vs. 15.4%, P<0.05). There was no statistical difference in the incidence rate between males and females (P>0.05). The incidence of new-onset AF after surgery was higher in ≥60 years patients for both  operations (18.9% and 45.8%), which was significantly higher than that in <45 years patients (P<0.05). For both operations, the incidence of new-onset AF after surgery was high on the second day (24-48 h) after surgery, and most of the AF lasted for 1 day (P<0.05). The hypertension (OR=4.983, P=0.036), frequent premature atrial contraction or atrial tachycardia (OR=17.682, P=0.002), postoperative creatine kinase isoenzyme MB (CKMB) (OR=0.152, P=0.042), left anterior and posterior diameters (OR=17.614, P<0.001) and preoperative ejection fraction (OR=7.094, P=0.011) were influencing factors for new-onset AF after OPCABG. Diabetes (OR=11.631, P=0.020), other cardiac malformations (OR=29.023, P=0.002), frequent premature ventricular contraction or ventricular tachycardia (OR=0.047, P=0.001), and postoperative CKMB (OR=3.672, P=0.040) were influencing factors for new-onset AF after CABG. Conclusion    The incidence of new-onset AF after CABG is higher than that after OPCABG, and it increases with age increasing. There is no difference in the incidence between males and females. The influencing factors for the two operations are different.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871595

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze clinical outcomes of myocardial incision and tearing for the treatment of myocardial bridge.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conduct to review the clinical date of 29 patients who underwent surgical myotomy from January 2014 to January 2018 in the Second Hospital of Lanzhou University. A total of 11 patients(incision group) were experienced traditional myotomy on myocardial bridge that the myocardium was longitudinally incised along the direction of the coronary artery, while 18 patients(tearing group) were treated by myocardial incision combined with tearing that longitudinally incised myocardium and deeply tissue tearing. The operation time of surgical myotomy, the amount of bleeding, the number of branches of vascular injury and the number of ventricular ruptures during operation were compared between the two groups. After followed up half a year to one year, the clinical symptoms of angina pectoris, myocardial ischemia by electrocardiogram suggested, and coronary stenosis by coronary CT suggested were collected.Results:The operation time of surgical myotomy, the amount of bleeding patients and the number of branches of vascular injury during operation in the incision group were higher than those in the tearing group( P<0.05). There was no significant difference for the number of ventricular ruptures during operation( P>0.05). After followed up half a year to one year, there was no significant difference in the clinical symptoms of angina pectoris, myocardial ischemia by electrocardiogram suggested, and coronary stenosis by coronary CT suggested( P>0.05). Conclusion:Myocardial incision combined with tearing is a surgical procedure with short operation time and low bleeding risk, which is more beneficial than the traditional longitudinally incised for the myocardial bridge.

3.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1045-1053, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762055

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To explore the molecular mechanism of the upregulation of multidrug resistance-associated protein 4 (MRP4) in cholestasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The mRNA and protein levels of MRP4 in liver samples from cholestatic patients were determined by quantitative real-time PCR and Western blot. In human hepatoma HepG2 cells, electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) was used to determine the affinity of nuclear factor-E2-related factor (Nrf2) binding to MRP4 promoter. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to detect the binding of tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) to the promotor of E2F1. The bile duct ligation mouse models were established using male C57BL/6 mice. RESULTS: The mRNA and protein levels of MRP4 were significantly increased in cholestatic patients. TNFα treatment induced the expression of MRP4 and Nrf2 and enhanced cell nuclear extract binding activity to MRP4 promoter, as demonstrated by EMSA. Nrf2 knockdown reduced MRP4 mRNA levels in both HepG2 and Hep-3B cells. In addition, TNFα increased Rb phosphorylation and expression of MRP4 and Nrf2 and activated E2F1 and phosphorylated p38 in HepG2 and Hep-3B cells. These effects were markedly inhibited by pretreatment with E2F1 siRNA. Dual-luciferase reporter assay validated that TNFα induces the transcription of E2F1. Furthermore, the expression of MRP4, Nrf2, E2F1, and p-p38 proteins was improved with treatment of TNFα in a mouse model of cholestasis. E2F1 siRNA lentivirus or SB 203580 (p38 inhibitor) inhibited these positive effects. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicated that TNFα induces hepatic MRP4 expression through activation of the p38-E2F1-Nrf2 signaling pathway in human obstructive cholestasis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bile Ducts , Blotting, Western , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Cholestasis , Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Lentivirus , Ligation , Liver , Male , Mice , Multidrug Resistance-Associated Proteins , Phosphorylation , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger , RNA, Small Interfering , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Up-Regulation
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813189

ABSTRACT

To determine the effect of andrographolide (Andro) on angiogenesis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs).
 Methods: HUVECs were treated with different concentrations of Andro and the cell viability was detected with Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8). HUVECs were treated with half lethal dose (IC50) of Andro. Matrigel was used to make capillary formation of HUVECs and the effect of Andro on capillary formation was evaluated by calculating the percentage of capillary formation. Moreover, the effects of Andro and the supernatant from cultured A549 tumor cells on capillary formation were evaluated by calculating the percentage of capillary formation. The effect of Andro on the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) was determined with Western blot.
 Results: The cell viability of HUVECs decreased with the increase of Andro concentrations. IC50 was 20 μmol/L. The capillary formation of HUVECs was inhibited when treated with 20 μmol/L Andro for 24 hours. Moreover, Andro was able to antagonize the promotion of the capillary formation induced by the supernatant from cultured tumor cells. Andro could suppress the expression of MMP-9 and antagonize the capillary formation.
 Conclusion: Andro inhibits the capillary formation of HUVECs and can antagonize the promotion of angiogenesis induced by the supernatant from cultured tumor cells.


Subject(s)
Capillaries , Cell Survival , Collagen , Culture Media , Diterpenes , Pharmacology , Drug Combinations , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Humans , Laminin , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Metabolism , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Proteoglycans , Tumor Cells, Cultured
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610264

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of human growth hormone releasing hormone receptor splice variant type 1 (GHRHR SV1) on the proliferation of human liver cancer HepG2 cells,and to clarify the proliferation effect of GHRHR SV1 on the human cancer cells.Methods:The GHRHR SV1 plasmids were transfected into the human HepG2 cells to construct the HepG2-SV1 cell line.HepG2 group(HepG2 cells),HepG2-empty group(HepG2-pcDNA3.0 cell line) and HepG2-SV1 group(HepG2-SV1 cells) were set up.PCR and Western blotting methods were used to identify the HepG2-SV1 cell line;CCK-8 method was used to detect prolifernation rate of cells;colony formation assay was used to detect the colony formation rate of cells;cell wound healing assay was used to evaluate the migration rate of cells.Results:The PCR and Western blotting results showed the HepG2-SV1 cell line expressed GHRHR SV1 steadily.The CCK-8 results showed that the proliferation rate of the HepG2-SV1 cells in HepG2-SV1 group was higher than that of the HepG2-pcDNA3.0 cells in HepG2-empty group(P<0.05).The colony formation assay results showed that the colony formation rate of HepG2-SV1 cells in HepG2-SV1 group was 3.5 times higher than that of the HepG2-pcDNA3.0 cells in HepG2-empty group(P<0.05).The cell wound scratch assay results showed that the migration rate of the HepG2-SV1 cells in HepG2-SV1 group was higher than that of the HepG2-pcDNA3.0 cells in HepG2-empty group(P<0.05).Conclusion:GHRHR SV1 could increase the proliferation of HepG2 cells.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512940

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the symptom and characteristics of liver injury induced by different dosage of long-term administration of rifampicin(RIF) in mice.Methods Twenty-four healthy female ICR mice were randomly divided into 4 groups(6 mice in each group):control group,low dosage group,medium dosage group and high dosage group.The four groups were treated with 0,100,200,400 mg·kg-1·d-1 RIF respectively for 2 weeks.Mice blood and liver tissue samples were collected at 6 hours after the last administration for serological test and liver histological observation.Results No mice died before execution.The TBA,DBIL and TBIL of high dosage group all increased compared with the control group, but the ALT,AST and ALP showed no obvious change.The TBA and DBIL of medium dosage group increased compared with the control group, while the TBIL,ALT,AST and ALP showed no obvious change.In the low dosage group,there was no obvious change in terms of TBA,DBIL,TBIL,ALT,AST,and ALP compared with the control group.Obvious pathological change occured in the liver of mice in all the experimental groups.HE staining showed edema and feather steatosis in liver cells, accompanied by a large number of inflammatory cells infiltration and a few sporadic cholestasis.With the increasing of RIF dosage,the liver pathological change became more obviously.In the experimental group,electron microscope showed that there were a lot of fat droplets in the liver cells wrapped slurry,and part of the capillary bile duct were slightly expanded with different electron density and irregular shape of bile sample material inside.The pathologic changes get more obvious with the increase of the concentration of rifampicin as well.Conclusion RIF could induce liver injury after 2 weeks' treatment at different dosages,mainly pathological changes included liver cell steatosis,inflammatory cell infiltration,and cholestasis.Rifampicin induced liver injury in a concentration-dependent manner.However,the mechanism of rifampicin-induced liver injury in mice needs further study.

7.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3817-3820,3835, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605594

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the effective of helicobacter pylori in gallbladder malignant disease ,cholelithiasis ,cholecysti‐tis .Methods The literature about helicobacter pylori and gallbladder disease were collected in EMbase ,Pubmed ,VIP and CBM from inception to May ,2015 .Two reviewers independently screened the literature according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria , extracted the data ,and assessed the quality ,and then the meta‐analysis were performed by using Stata11 software .Results A total of 24 case control study were included .The results of meta‐analysis showed that ,helicobacter pylori had a higher incidence rate in gallbladder maliganant disease and cholelithiasis(OR=5 .31 ,95% CI:2 .34 -12 .05 ,P= 0 .000)and (OR=1 .84 ,95% CI:1 .13-2 .98 ,P=0 .014) compared with control group .Also it have influence on cholecystitis (OR= 9 .92 ,95% CI:4 .04 -24 .39 ,P=0 .000) .Conclusion Helicobacter pylori is a risk factor of inducing cholelithiasis and gallbladder malignancy disease ,cholecystitis .

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604837

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of transcriptional factor Sp1 on expression of bile acids transporters MRP3 and MRP4 so as to perfect the regulatory mechanism of MRP3 and MRP4 expression.Methods Transformed Sp1-overexpression and Sp1 siRNA plas-mids to HepG2 cell and obtained the stably cells line.Then the expression levels of bile acids transporters MRP3 and MRP4 were measured by RT-qPCR,and the change of protein levels were detected by Western blot.Results The stably cells line Sp1-OE-HepG2 and Sp1siRNA-HepG2 were successfully transformed.The mRNA expression and protein levels of MRP3 and MRP4 were significantly increased in Sp1-OE-HepG2 cells,among which the mRNA expression of MRP3 mRNA increased 2.8 times,the protein levels of MRP3 increased 3.0 times,and the mRNA expression and protein levels of MRP4 increased 3.2 times and 2.5 times respectively.Conversely,the mRNA expression and protein levels of MRP3 and MRP4 were decreased in Sp1 siRNA-HepG2 cells,among which the mRNA expression of MRP3 mRNA de-creased 52%,the mRNA expression of MRP4 mRNA decreased 58%,the protein levels of MRP3 decreased 57%,and the protein levels of MRP4 decreased 60%.Conclusion Transcriptional factor Sp1 could regulate the expression of bile acids transporters MRP3 and MRP4 in HepG2 cells.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-500088

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the function and effect of Oleanolic acid to cholestasis on regulating bile acids transporters. Methods A total of 45 rats were divided into 9 groups,5 rats in each group. The Sham group,Bile duct ligation group and Oleanolic acid group were treated with saline or Oleanolic acid for 3 days,7 days and 14 days. Then the liver and tested bile acids transporters in mRNA and protein lev-els were collected. Results The expression of bile acids transporter OSTβ with Oleanolic acid was increased after 3 days. The expression of OSTβ and BESP in Oleanolic acid group after 7 days were increased than those in Sham group. Fourteen days later,the increasing tendency of OSTα,OSTβ and BSEP were sensiable. Conclusion Oleanolic acid can stimulates the expression of bile acids transporters OSTalpha-beta and BSEP in bile duct-ligation rats.

10.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 155-158, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487735

ABSTRACT

Immunoglobulins ( Ig ) , also called antibodies, are important components in humoral -mediated immunity. Ig can bind with their receptors, called immunoglobulin receptors ( IgR ) , trigger biologic activities respectively. Different sub-types of Igs show different function. And IgRs have been treated as therapeutic targets in inflammation and immunity related dis-eases for many years. This article reviewed the recent progresses in the study of IgR function and its therapeutic role in inflamma-tion and immunity related diseases.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-601776

ABSTRACT

Objective Anti-calcification and surface modification of the transcatheter heart valve is the priority research area and development direction of bioprosthesis heart valve.In present study,the Arginine-Glycine-Aspartic acid(RGD) coating technology and anti-calcification with epoxy chloropropane(EC) treatment were applied to investigate surface modification property of the transcatheter heart valve compared to the traditional anti-calcification method with glutaraldehyde (GA) treatment to demonstrate the improvement of structure and surface biological properties of the transcatheter heart valve.Methods Morphological characteristics of mesenchymal stem cells(MSCs) seeded on the transcatheter heart valve with the various anticalcification treatments were observed by scanning electron microscopy and the apoptosis rates of MSCs seeded on the transcatheter heart valve with the various anti-calcification interventions were studied by TUNEL staining.The cell adhesion and expression of the cytoskeletal protein,Vinment of MSCs treated as described were analyzed by cell-counting method and fluorescence immunohistochemical method respectively.Results The apoptosis rate of MSCs was markedly decreased while the expression of vinment and the cell adhesion strength of MSCs were elevated in the groups of GA-EC and RGD-EC treatments.The biological indices of RGD-EC group has significant difference(P < 0.05) compared with GA group.Conclusion Biological properties of the surface of transcatheter heart valve can be remarkably improved by GA-EC and RGD-EC anti-calcification treatments.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454911

ABSTRACT

A new method for the determination of organic acids from mainstream cigarette smoke using ultra low temperature solvent extraction-comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography/time-of-flight mass spectrometry(GC×GC-TOF/MS)was established. The mainstream smoke was directly trapped by ethyl ether with ultra low temperature solvent extraction device, and cleaned up with liquid-liquid extraction. The concentrated extracts were further derived by N,O-bis(trimethylsily)trifluoroacetamide (BSTFA). The good separation of silanized product was achieved by the column set of DB-1 (30 m × 0. 25 mm, 1. 0 μm) as the 1st column and DB-wax (1. 5 m × 0. 1 mm, 0. 1 μm) as the 2nd column with modulation period of 6 s and scan range of m/z 45-450 . The results showed that linearity correlation coefficients were larger than 0 . 99 , and the average recoveries were between 80. 17% and 107. 81% with the relative standard deviations (RSD) in the range of 0 . 4%-12 . 1% ( n=5 ) . The detection limit and the quantitation limit were 1 . 3-24 . 5 μg/kg and 4. 1-77. 1 μg/kg, respectively.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-423966

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: As a candidate gene of congenital heart disease, ACTC1 gene is related to congenital atrial septal defect inhumans.OBJECTIVE: To perform a mutation screen of ACTC1 gene in 110 nuclear families of congenital heart disease.METHODS: A case-control study was conducted based on 110 nuclear families of congenital heart disease and 300 normalhuman beings with no reported cardiac malformation. Six fragments in the coding region of ACTC1 gene was amplified by PCR invitro using five primers pairs. PCR products were screened for gene mutations.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: A novel G-to-A variant was found at the third nucleotide of the intron downstream from exon 5.This mutation existed in a 5-year-old female with an isolated ventricular septal defect and her 30-year-old father, who had noreported cardiac anomalies. This mutation was not detected in 300 normal controls. These findings indicate that the mutation maybe related with congenital ventricular septal defects in humans.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-421323

ABSTRACT

Advanced studying doctors play important roles in the clinical services, and how to train them to improve training quality is worth investigating. We classified them into three types such as the clinical skills-improved, the special skills-trained and clinical knowledge eextensively-spread, then employed the individual teaching methods and emphasized the medical ethics during the training, which is not only beneficial to us, but also of great importance and necessity to advanced studying doctors themselves.

15.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 878-880,后插5, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-601728

ABSTRACT

Objective: To build up rabbit models of hepatic cirrhosis in through common bile duct partial ligation (CBDPL). Methods: Male New Zealand rabbits were subjected to CBDPL to induce hepatic cirrhosis. The liver biopsies were performed during the surgery and after sacrifice to evaluate hepatic fibrosis. The serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total bilirubin (TBIL), total protein (TP) and albumin (ALB) were determined at week 0, 1, 2, 4 and 11 following the occlusion. Results: There were two kinds of morphological and histological manifestations after CBDPL, the one was inconspicuous hepatic fibrosis coexisted with sacculation-like bile ductal dilation and muddy stone; the other is remarkable hepatic fibrosis and cirrhosis along with uneven bile ductal dilation. The serum levels of ALT, AST, TBIL and DBIL were significantly higher after one week of operation. The levels of ALT, AST, TP and ALB decreased after two-week of operation, and the levels of TBIL and DBIL were returned to the normal level after two-week of operation. Conclusion: The animal models of hepatic cirrhosis can be built up through CBDPL in rabbits.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383713

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of silence of human protection of telomeres 1 (hPOT1), which was induced by RNA interference, on expression of telomeric repeat factor 1 (TRF1), telomeric repeat factor 2 (TRF2) and Tankyrase 1 in human gastric cancer cell BGC823. Methods The ex-pression of TRF1 ,TRF2 and Tankyrasel at mRNA level were determined by semi-quantitative RT-PCR. Re-sults Significant increase in expression of TRFI, marked decrease of TRF2 and Tankyrase1 at mRNA level were observed in cells of hPOT1 siRNA. Conclusion The significant increase in expression of TRF1 and the marked decease in TRF2 and Tnakyrasel at mRNA level after the inhibited expression of hPOT1 in human gastric cancer cell BGC823 indicate that hPOTI is highly correlated with the expressions of other three te-lomere-specific binding proteins.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-565471

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the predictive power of model for end-stage liver disease(MELD) and Child-Turcotte-Pugh(CTP) on the cirrhotic patients who underwent transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt(TIPS).Methods A total of 110 patients(98 males and 12 females) undergoing TIPS from January 2004 to March 2008 in our hospital were analyzed.Data of all patients were analyzed retrospectively.The main statistical tests included: Kaplan-Merier analysis to compare survival respectively,and the area of receiver operating characteristics(ROC) to compare the performance of the 2 models for predicting 3-month,1-year,and 2-year mortality.Results The survival rate rate of the patients whose MELD score under 15 showed significantly higher than the patients above MELD score 15.The area of ROC that predicting survival was 0.866 and 0.863 at 3 months,0.755 and 0.739 at 1-year,0.729 and 0.750 at 2-years respectively for the MELD and the CTP score.Conclusion Both MELD and CTP score can predict short-term survival accuracy,but poor in long-term.However,the MELD has overcome the shortcomings of CTP,and may be worth using in clinical.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-555361

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the roles of the caudal ventrolateral medulla(CVLM) in the central anti-hypertensive mechanism. Methods : In 20 urethane-anesthetized SD rats, the effects of I1-imidazoline receptor and ?2-adrenceptor antagonists (microinjection into the CVLM) on the cardiovascular responses induced by intravenous clonidine were observed. Results: Prior bilateral microinjection of mixed antagonist idazoxan (I1-imidazoline receptor and a2-adrenceptor) into the CVLM not only decreased the mean arterial pressure [(-17. 3 ? 6. 9) mmHg, 1 mmHg = 0. 133 kPa, P

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-569850

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the growth inhibition of human hepatoma cells tranfected with type Ⅱ insulin like growth factor receptor (IGF ⅡR) antisense gene. Methods We constructed the recombinant eucaryotic expression plasmids of IGF ⅡR sense and antisense genes, which were transfected into SMMC 7721 human hepatoma cell line using calcium phosphate coprecipitation, and selected in DMEM supplemented with 500 ?g/ml G418(Geneticin) for 2~3 weeks. Then the total number of colonies formed was counted. The effect of IGF ⅡR antisense gene transfection on endogenous IGF ⅡR mRNA levels was examined by Northern blot, and the growth rate and the ability of the transfected cells to form colonies in soft agar medium were also examined. Results The hepatoma cells transfected with IGF ⅡR antisense gene exhibited significant reduction in endogenous IGF ⅡR messenger RNA(mRNA) levels and loss of their ability for anchorage independent growth in soft agar. The IGF ⅡR antisense gene supressed the formation of colonies of SMMC 7721 cells resistant to G418 without alteration on cell growth curve. Conclusion The IGF ⅡR antisense gene expression effectively blocks IGF Ⅱ to IGF ⅡR autocrine and/or paracrine signal transduction pathway and reverses certain aspects of the cell malignant phenotype.

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