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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920836

ABSTRACT

@#A 54-year-old asymptomatic man underwent a video-assisted thoracoscopic left pneumonectomy for squamous-cell carcinoma. During the surgery, a complete left pericardial defect was unexpectedly discovered, but no special intervention was made. The preoperative chest CT was reciewed, which showed the heart extended unusually to the left, but the left pericardial defect was not evident. The operation time was 204 min and the patient was discharged from hospital upon recovery 9 days after the surgery. The pathological result indicated moderately differentiated squamous-cell carcinoma (T2N1M0, stage ⅡB), and metastasis was found in the parabronchial lymph nodes (3/5). The patient did not receive chemotherapy after the surgery, and there was no signs of recurrence 6 months after the surgery. Complete pericardial defects usually do not endanger the lives of patients, and if the patient is asymptomatic, pneumonectomy is feasible.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871604

ABSTRACT

Objective:This article explores the treatment of stage I thoracoscopic segmentectomy and lobectomy. The clinical efficacy of non-small cell lung cancer is to provide relevant evidence for clinical decision-making.Method:Computer searches were conducted on PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Embase, Web of Science, Science Direct, Ovid Medline, Scopus database, and Google Scholar. The search time was from the establishment of the library to March 2019. A comparative study of thoracic segmental resection and lobectomy for clinical stage I NSCLC was performed and meta-analysis was performed using Revman 5.3 software.Restlus:A total of 16 retrospective clinical controlled studies were included in the study, with a total of 2 090 patients, including 696 in the thoracoscopic segmental resection group and 1 394 in the thoracoscopic lobectomy group. Meta-analysis showed that for clinical stage Ⅰ NSCLC, the incidence of complications after laparoscopic resection and lobectomy( RR=0.78, 95% CI: 0.59-1.02, P=0.07), postoperative recurrence rate( RR=0.78, 95% CI: 0.52-1.17, P=0.23), postoperative hospital stay( MD=-0.27, 95% CI: -0.58 to -0.05, P=0.10) and 5-year survival rate( RR=0.94, 95% CI: 0.87-1.03, P=0.17), tumor-free survival time( RR=0.95, 95% CI: 0.92-1.09, P=0.34), operation time( MD=-0.43, 95% CI: -10.10-9.25, P=0.93) The difference was not statistically significant, but laparoscopic lung segmentectomy can reduce intraoperative blood loss( MD=-23.81, 95% CI: -42.00 to -5.63, P=0.01), shortening Posterior chest tube drainage time( MD=-0.31, 95% CI: -0.51 to -0.12, P=0.002), but in the lymph node dissection, the segmentectomy was less than the lobectomy, the number of lymph node dissection( MD=-4.89, 95% CI: -7.57 to -2.20, P=0.0004). Percentage of postoperative/preoperative FVC%( MD=7.50, 95% CI: 5.81-9.18, P<0.00001) and 1-year postoperative/preoperative FEV1%( MD=8.26, 95% CI: 6.43-10.09, P<0.00001). The difference was statistically significant. Conclusion:In The course of clinical stage I NSCLC treatment, the two procedures were similar in terms of postoperative complications, operation time, recurrence rate, 5-year survival rate, tumor-free survival time and hospital stay, and fewer lung segments in lymph node dissection. In lobectomy, thoracoscopic segmental resection is better in terms of intraoperative blood loss and postoperative chest drainage time. Thoracoscopic segmentectomy may be more suitable for early stage non-small cell lung cancer. treatment method.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489045

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficacy of lymph nodes(LNs) dissection between video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) and thoracotomy in the treatment of clinical stage Ⅰ lung cancer.Methods A comprehensive search of PubMed,Ovid Medline,EMBASE,Web of Science,ScienceDirect,the Cochrane Library,Scopus database and Google Scholar was performed to identify studies comparing VATS and thoracotomy in LNs dissection.The data was analyzed by RevMan 5.3 software and SPSS 18.0.Results After selection,23 articles met the inclusion criteria.2 316 patients were involved in VATS group and 3 346 patients were involved in Open group.Meta analysis showed that less total LNs(95% CI:-1.64--0.60,P < 0.0001),totalLNsstations(95%CI:-0.61--0.01,P=0.04) andN1 LNs(95%CI:-0.28--0.02,P=0.02)were dissected in VATS group.On the left side,more LNs were dissected in VATS group(95% CI:0.51-3.22,P =0.007).The same number of mediastinal LNs (95% CI:-0.74-0.15,P =0.20),mediastinal LNs stations (95% CI:-0.20-0.14,P =0.76),right side LNs (95 % CI:-1.52-2.23,P =0.71) were harvested in both groups.Conclusion In the surgical treatment of clinical stage Ⅰ lung cancer,less total LNs,total LNs stations and N1 LNs were dissected in VATS group,while more left side LNs were harvested by VATS.The same number of mediastinal LNs,mediastinal LNs stations right side LNs were harvested in the two groups.This conclusion still needs to be further proved by more high-quality and large-scale RCTs.

4.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1607-1608,1612, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603493

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore clinical value of the single-hale video-assisted thoracoscope surgery in lung surgery.Methods In our hospital from January 2015 to June 2015, a total of 60 patients was performed with lung partial resection line thoracoscope surgery, 28 routine puckering traditional video-assisted thoracoscope treatment, in the same period 32 underwent video-assisted thoracoscope surgery.Intraoperative blood loss, operating time, postoperative pain degree, and postoperative chest such as flow rate were compared between two groups.Results Two groups of patients had no perioperative death and severe complications.Intraoperative blood loss and operating time were no significant significance between single-and double-hole operation groups.The degree of postoperative pain score was (0.8 ± 0.5) in puckering thoracoscope group, and (1.2 ± 0.6) in traditional thoracoscope group, with significant difference (P =0.009).Conclusions Single-hole thoracoscope surgery in the treatment of lung diseases is feasible and reliable compared to traditional thoracoscope surgery, and patients can effectively reduce postoperative pain, and improve the quality of life.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469362

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate video-assisted thoracoscopic sympathectomy(VTS) for the treatment of palmar hyperhidrosis(PH),and to analyze curative efficacies for surgeries on different sympathetic segments.Methods Medline search was done on PubMed and data of randomized controlled trials(RCTs) about comparisons of surgeries on different segments over the past decade were collected.According to the inclusion criterion,relevant articles were screened.Then we extracted data,assessed trail quality,and performed Meta-analysis by using RevMan 5.2 with postoperative compensatory hyperhidrosis(CH) as the main evaluation index.Results A total of 11 RCTs involving 1 413 patients were included,among which all patients underwent bilateral VTS.Ef cacious rates were similar between multiple and single ganglia sympathectomy(97.7% vs 98.8%,P <0.01).However,single-ganglia group showed a lower risk of CH compared to multiple-ganglia group.Meta-analysis suggested that,in the subgroups of the single-ganglia VTS,no significant difference was found between T2/T3 and other segments in the risk of CH [T2 segment vs other segments,RR =1.11,95 % CI(0.99,1.24) ; T3 segment vs other segments,RR =0.99,95% CI(0.89,1.11)].The risk of CH was significantly lower in T4 sympathectomy than in other segments [RR =0.67,95% CI(0.57,0.79)].By comparison of T2,T3 and T4 sympathectomy,we found that low segment had a lower risk of CH than high segment[RR =0.75,95% CI(0.68,0.84)].Conclusion Single-ganglia and low segment sympathectomy can significantly reduce the incidence of CH,and T4 is supposed to be the best segment for the treatment of PH.

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