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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752101

ABSTRACT

This paper was aimed to establish the HPLC fingerprint of Terminalia chebular Retz The analysis was performed on Agilent ZORBAX SB-Aq C18 column (4.6×250 mm, 5 μm) . The mobile phase was 0.1% phosphate watermethanol solution with gradient elution. The flow rate was 1 mL·min-1. The temperature was maintained at 35℃. The detection wavelength was 270 nm. The injection volume was 20 μL. The chromatographic data of 10 samples was analyzed by similarity of chromatographic data, SPSS software and SIMCA software. The results showed that there were17 common peaks in the diagram. The similarity of 10 samples was between 0.984 and 0.999, which showed that there was no significant difference among these chemical components. The samples were classified into four types according to cluster analysis, which shared the similar results as the principal components analysis (PCA) and partial least sq uares analysis (PLS-DA) . VIP analysis result showed that peak 5 (methyl gallate), 11 and 1 (gallic acid), 10, 12 may be the main chromatographic peaks to identify the samples. It was concluded that chemometrics analysis could be used to analyze, find and distinguish the marker ingredients of Terminalia chebular Retz. This method was accurate and stable, which can provide a reference for the quality control and evaluation of Terminalia chebular Retz.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752100

ABSTRACT

The spectrophotometric method was established for the determination of total tannin content in gardenia medicinal materials and tannins, and HPLC method was applied to simultaneously determine gallic acid, punical glucoside A, methyl gallate, punny glucoside B, corilagin, pentagalloyl glucose and the content of ellagic acid. Taking gallic acid as a reference substance, a phosphomolybdate tungstic acid colorimetric method (Pharmacopoeia method) was used to determine the total tannin content. With the chromatographic column Agilent ZORBAX SB-Aq-C18 (250 × 4.6 mm, 5 microns), mobile phase for phosphoric acid (0.1%), methanol, water flow rate of 1 ml/min, column temperature 30℃, detection wavelength of 270 nm, gradient elution, 7 kinds of component contents in myrobalan medicinal materials were measured at the same time. The result showed that the average content of total tannins of Radix Scutellariae was 30.31%, RSD was 0.55%; the average recovery rate was 99.70%, and the RSD was 21.97% (n = 6) . In the scorpion medicinal materials, gallic acid, punical glucoside A, punny glucoside B, methyl gallate, punny glucoside B, creatin, pentagalloglucose and ellagic acid have a good linear relationship in their respective ranges. The recovery rate of the sample is between100.10% and 102.77%. The establishment of the determination method of total tannin, gallic acid, punical glucoside, methyl gallate, corridain, pentagalloglucose and ellagic acid in the scorpion medicinal materials is simple and accurate, which has strong specificity and can be used for quality control of Terminalia chebular.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752099

ABSTRACT

The aim of this work was to identify and analyze the chemical constituents of Terminalia chebular Retz by establishing high performance liquid chromatography-linear ion trap/electrostatic field orbitrap combined high resolution mass spectrometry (HPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap MS) technique. With the application of C18 reverse phase column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm), gradient elution was performed with methanol and water (0.2% acetic acid) as mobile phase.In negative ionization mode, the data of LTQ-Orbitrap was collected. Accurate molecular mass of molecular ion peaks and fragment ions provided by the high-resolution mass spectrometry were compared with the literature and the reference substance to determine the possible structure of the compound. The results indicated that 62 compounds from the extract of Terminalia chebular Retz. were identified, including acids and hydrolysable tannins (60), triterpenoids (2) . There were14 compounds were detected from this specie for the first time. It is proved as an effective method to provide reference for Chemical composition mass spectrometry and the quality control in further phytochemical studies of Terminalia chebular Retz.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752098

ABSTRACT

This paper aimed at investigating the water-soluble constituents of Terminalia billirica (Gaert.) Roxb.Compounds were isolated and purified by Diaion HP-20, Sephadex LH-20, Toyopearl HW-40, MCI gel CHP 20 P and ODS column chromatographies. The chemical structures were elucidated according to spectral data and physicochemical properties. The results showed that ten compounds were isolated and identified as corilagin, salicoside, methyl-α-Darabinofuranoside, 1, 4-dimethyl-β-d-fructopyranose, β-fructopyranose, β-fructofuranose gallic acid, ellagic acid, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6-penta-O-galloyl-β-D-glucopyranonside, Chebulagic acid. Except compound 7 and 8, others compounds are separated from Terminalia billirica (Gaert.) Roxb for the first time, and except corilgin, the other compounds are separated from Terminalia for the first time.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752097

ABSTRACT

To determine there characteristic components content of Tibetan Medicine Triphala through establishing a HPLC method and its total tannin content through spectrophotometry. The chromatographic column of Agilent ZORBAX SB-Aq (250 × 4.6 mm, 5 μm) with methanol-0.1% formic acid/water as the mobile phase, the flow rate 1 mL/min, and the detection wavelength 270 nm was applied to determine the Gallic acid, colijing and ellagic acid content in medicinal materials and the tannin parts of Tibetan Medicine Triphala. With the gallic acid as control group, total tannin content of Triphala and its tannin parts was determined through spectrophotometry. It revealed in the HPLC test that the linear range of gallic acid, coracine and ellagic acid was 0.91-4.55 μg, 0.274-1.368 μg and 0.329-2.634 μg respectively. It also showed that the average recovery rates of the three components in the medicinal materials were 101.06%, 101.72%and 100.27% respectively. And the average recovery rates of the three components in the tannins were 100.4%, 100.85%and 101.70% respectively. The result of spectrophotometry showed that gallic acid was linear in1.008-10.08 μg·mL-1, and that the recovery rate of medicinal materials and tannin parts were 100.25% and 100.52% respectively. The method is rapid, accurate and repeatable, and it can provide basis for the quality control of Tribescens and its tannins.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752096

ABSTRACT

Triphala consists of Terminalia chebula Retz, Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb. and Phyllanthus emblica L, which are made into Dasanguo Powder. Triphala is rich in a variety of chemical components, including tannins, phenolic acids, triterpenoids and flavonoids. The content of tannin is abundant in Triphala, which are often used as the main indicators of analysis. Modern research found that Triphala has a variety of pharmacological activities such as prevention of gastrointestinal diseases, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidation, anti-tumor and so on. This paper briefly summarized the chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of Triphala, combining the relevant national and international literature in recent years to provide reference for the development and further study of Triphala.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696113

ABSTRACT

PK-PD binding model is a powerful tool to study the relationship between drug time-concentration,concentration-effect and time-effect,which is of great significance and widely used in guiding clinical medicine.The PK-PD binding model is applied to the study of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM),which is helpful to elucidate the basis of drug substance and its mechanism.It is of great significance to the development of TCM and its preparation.In this paper,recent applications of PK-PD binding model in the composition and effective part of TCM,single herbal medicine and TCM compound were made,which could provide references for future PK-PD study of chemical constituent.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696100

ABSTRACT

High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fingerprint technology is an important means of quality control of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) preparations,which can reflect the whole process of raw materials as well as the whole process and quality of finished products.It has become the primary quality control method of modern TCM preparations.In this paper,recent advances in HPLC fingerprints and their combination techniques in the quality control of TCM preparations were reviewed,which provided the basis for quality control of TCM preparations.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696060

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to optimize the extraction method for total polyphenol from Phyllanthus emblica through multi-target orthogonal experiment,in order to provide data reference for its industrial production.The comprehensive evaluation indexes included the extraction yield,extraction percentage of total polyphenol,chebulagic acid,gallic acid,mucic acid-2-O-gallate,were verified.The ethanol concentration,solid-liquid ratio and extraction time were crucial indexes for orthogonal design.The results showed that the best extraction process was using 10 times dosage 70% ethanol,to extract the medical material three time,90 minutes for every time.It was concluded that the extraction technology was reliable.This method was stable,quick and simple.It laid a fundamental foundation for the extraction method exploration.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696033

ABSTRACT

This article was aimed to study the stability of tannin parts in Phyllanthus emblica L.in artificial gastric and intestinal juice,in order to provide a foundation for in vivo studies of Phyllanthus emblica L.HPLC-UV was used to determine the contents of main ingredients.The results showed that stability of main ingredients of tannin parts in Phyllanthus emblica L.,including gallic acid (GA),corilagin and ellagic acid (EA),in the artificial gastric juice.The content change was not obvious.The residual content was within 100%.The half-life was above 90 h.They were unstable in the artificial intestinal juice.The content was first increased and then decreased.The residual content was 100-300%.The half-life was above 10 h.It was concluded that the tannin parts in Phyllanthus emblica L.was stable in artificial gastric juice.And content changes of main components were not obvious.The tannin parts in Phyllanthus emblica L.were unstable in artificial intestinal juice.The main ingredients were first increased and then decreased.It was speculated that macromolecule can hydrolyze tannin part into small molecules.Hnwever,as time increases,all components may be decomposed.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696005

ABSTRACT

This paper was aimed to establish the HPLC fingerprint of T.Billerica (Gaertn.) Roxb.tannin fraction.The analysis was performed on Atlantic T3 (250 mm × 4.6 mm,5 μm) C18 column.The mobile phase was acetonitrile-0.2% glacial acetic acid aqueous solution with gradient elution.The flow rate was 1.0 mL·min-1.The injection size was 20 μL.The temperature was maintained at 30℃.Eleven batches of T.Billerica (Gaertn.) Roxb.tannin fraction of chromatographic data was analyzed by similarity of chromatographic data,SPSS software and SIMCA software.There were 20 common peaks in the diagram.The similarity analysis of 11 samples revealed that the similarities were between 0.832 and 0.973.Only the similarity of tannin parts from Xinjiang was below 0.9.The cluster analysis classified the tannin parts into 3 types,which shared the similar results as the principal components analysis (PCA).PLS-DA found that peak 1,13 and 14 may be the main chromatographic peaks to identify tannins fraction.The HPLC-MSn information of 14 compounds in T.billerica (Gaertn.) Roxb.was summarized.It was concluded that chemometrics analysis method can be used to analyze the HPLC fingerprint of T.billerica (Gaertn.) Roxb.tannin fraction.This method was rapid,simple,and reproducible.It can be used as one of the effective methods for the quality control of T.billerica (Gaertn.) Roxb.tannin fraction.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-671248

ABSTRACT

Phyllanthus emblica L.,related to common Tibetan medicine,has a function on clearing heat and cooling blood,promoting digestion and invigorating stomach,and producing saliva and slaking thirst.The compound of Dasanguo,made of Phyllanthus emblica,F.terminalia billericae and F.chebula,was a widely used preparation in Tibetan medicine,and was also a basic formula in other prescriptions.This study summarized the untilization of Phyllanthus emblica in traditional Tibetan medicine and elucidated the effects of Phyllanthus emblica in the compounds of Tibetan medicine,which provided a reference for the studies of Tibetan medicine and its modern application.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-671247

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the effects of tannins extracted from Tibetan medicine Phyllanthi Fructus on cytochrome P450 enzyme of liver microsomes in rats.Cocktail probe substrates were incubated with liver microsomes in vitro.Metabolic elimination percentages of the six probe substrates,including dapsone,dextromethorphan hydrobromide,coumarin,phenacetin,chlorzoxazone and tolbutamide,were determined by HPLC.The effects of tannins extracted from Tibetan medicine Phyllanthi Fructus on the enzymatic activity of rat liver microsomal P450s was evaluated.It was found that tannins extracted from Phyllanthi Fructus did not impact P450 enzymes.The IC50 values of CYP3A4 and CYP1A2 were over 200 μg·mL-1,while the IC50 value of CYP2C9 was superior to 500 tg·mL-1.In conclusion,Tannins extracted from Tibetan medicine Phyllanthi Fructus did not significantly affect cytochrome P450 enzymes.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-671246

ABSTRACT

Phyllanthus emblica L.has a long history and is abundant in the world.It was used for treating various diseases in nearly twenty countries or nations in regard to traditional medicine system.By retrieving Tibetan medicine in classical books,recent literatures and clinical studies,the application of Phyllanthus emblica in traditional Tibetan medicine system was introduced,including its utilization in hypertension,indigestion,abdominal distension,cough and arthralgia and their related diseases.In the sight of modern pharmacological research,the theory Tibetan medicine of explained Phyllanthus emblica scientifically.Its related researches and development prospects were also deliberated for further researches and various applications,which demonstrated the value of the development of new drugs and health products.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-671245

ABSTRACT

Phyllanthus emblica L.and Terminalia chebula Retz.were the most common Tibetan medicines.The combination of Phyllanthus emblica L.,Terminalia chebula Retz.and Term inalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb.was known as Triphala,which was the basis of the most frequently-used prescriptions.The present study summarized and made a further comparison between Phyllanthus emblica L.and Terminalia chebula Retz.over chemical constituents and pharmacological activities,which provided evidence for their clinical use and the basic theory.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-671244

ABSTRACT

Phyllanthus emblica L.is related to traditional tibetan medicine,containing diversified pharmacological and physiological functions,such as anti-tumor effects,anti-inflammatory effects,anti-oxidation funtions,slow down in glycemia and blood pressure and the prevention of cardio-cerebral vascular diseases,etc.In this study,the research progress on the anti-tumor efficacy of monomer compounds and the extraction of Phyllanthus emblica L.were reviewed,providing references for the anti-tumor studies of Phyllanthus emblica L.

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