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1.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1678-1679,插3, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-571623

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the dose-response relationship between propofol and isoflurane in balanced anaesthesia. Methods 30 patients, age ranged from 46 to 68 years and body weight from 48 to 72 kilograms, were se-lected. Anaesthesia was induced with propofol 1.5mg/kg,vecuroniura 0.12 mg/kg, fentanyl 2~4μg/kg,and main-rained with vecuronium 1.2μg/kg,fentanyl 2μg/kg. Isoflurane was inhaled at first so that BIS could be maintained on the level of 50~60. Then, minishing the isoflurane concentration by 0.3%~0.5 % and adding the dosage of propofol synchronously, establishing 4~6 balanced level spots of anaesthesia, which could maintain BIS on the level of 50~60 all the time. Recording the isoflurane concentration, the dosage of propofol, MAP, HR, etc, and making the scatterplot graph in virtue of SPSS software. Results The relationship between propofol and isoflurane was accordance with ex-ponential curve model,of which the equation is :y= 102.991 x exp (-1.4456x), R2= 0.784 ; and the ratio of their dosages is 54/1. When isoflurane was inhaled alone at first, MAP was decreased significantly ( P<0.05 ). As the isoflurane concentration minished and the dosage of propofol added, MAP and HR were increasing gradually, but when isoflurane concentration was minished to zero, there is no significant difference as compared with the preanesthesia baseline ( P>0.05 ). Conclusion When BIS was on the balanced level of 50~60, exponential curve relationship ex-ists between the dosage of propofol and isoflurane concentration. If applied reasonabhly, propofol could be good for re-ducing circulation aide-effect of isoflurane.

2.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 58-60, 2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-245363

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the genetic susceptibility of HLA-DQA1 allele to anaphylactoid purpura(AP)and its association with the clinical features in juvenile Hans residing in Inner Mongolia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seventy children with AP and ninety normal controls of Hans in Inner Mongolia were subjected to HLA-DQA1 genotyping with the use of polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific primer (PCR-SSP) technique.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) The gene frequency of HLA-DQA1*0301 of AP group (33.4%) was significantly higher than that (10.6%) of control group (chi square=21.899, P<0.01). On the other hand, the gene frequencies of HLA-DQA1*0302 were 6.7% and 19% in the AP group and the control group respectively; a significant difference between them was seen (chi square=9.786, P<0.01); (2)The gene frequencies of both DQA1*0301 and DQA1*0302 in the cutaneous purpura simplex cases and the controls were not significantly different (P>0.05). The gene frequencies of DQA1*0301 of the cutaneous purpura cases associated with gastrointestinal, joint and renal impairment were 26.7%, 28.5% and 29.3% respectively, which were higher than that of the control group (10.6%); the differences were statistically significant (P<0.01, 0.01, 0.01; respectively). The gene frequencies of HLA-DQA1*0302(3.9%, 5.7% and 9.6%) for the cutaneous purpura cases associated with gastrointestinal, joint and renal impairment were significantly lower than that (19%) of the controls except renal impairment(P<0.01, 0.01, respectively).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The allele of HLA-DQA1*0301 was probably a susceptible gene while HLA-DQA1*0302 was the protective one in AP of the children who were Han inhabitants in Inner Mongolia. The results of this study also revealed that patients with the allele of HLA-DQA1*0301 tended to involve gastrointestinal, joint and renal impairment.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Asian People , Genetics , China , Gastrointestinal Diseases , Genetics , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , HLA-DQ Antigens , Genetics , HLA-DQ alpha-Chains , Joint Diseases , Genetics , IgA Vasculitis , Genetics , Renal Insufficiency , Genetics
3.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 290-294, 2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-245316

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To gain an insight into the relations between human leukocyte antigen-DRB1 (HLA-DRB1) alleles and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) in children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific oligonucleotide (PCR-SSO) was used to identify DRB1 alleles of 42 children with ITP. Among them, 36 were identified for anti-GPIIb/IIIa and anti-GPIb/Ix autoantibody by modified monoclonal antibody specific immobilization of platelet antigens.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with health controls, the frequency of HLA-DRB1*17 significantly increased (P<0.05, relative risk=2.76, etiologic factor=0.1064) and the frequency of HLA-DRB1*1202 significantly decreased (P<0.025, relative risk=0.20, prophylactic factor=0.7616) in children with ITP. In comparison with patients of good response to steroids and IVIgG therapy, the frequency of HLA DRB1*11 significantly increased (Chi-square=6.091, P<0.025) in patients with a poor response, furthermore, the most of HLA-DRB1*11 positive patients were female teen-agers. Twenty-seven patients (75%) had anti GPIIb/IIIa and seventeen (47.22%) had anti_GPIb/Ix autoantibodies. The positivities of both anti_GP IIb/IIIa (P=0.02) and anti-GPIb/Ix (P=0.01) were associated with HLA-D RB1*02. However, the positivity of autoantibodies between refractory and non-refractory patients showed no significant difference.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The allele of HLA-DRB1*17 seems to predict susceptibility of ITP in children, while HLA-DRB1*1202 appears to be protective to ITP. The allele of HLA DRB1*11 plays an important role in resistance to steroid and IgG therapy in children with ITP. It seems that the response to the antigenic epitope of GPIIb/IIIa and GPIb/Ix is restricted by HLA-DRB1*02, while the presence of the antibodies could not predict prognosis. In conclusion, the above preliminary findings indicate that genetic factors influence the clinical course of ITP, but the exact mechanism needs to be investigated further.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Alleles , Autoantibodies , Blood , DNA , Genetics , Drug Resistance , Genetics , Gene Frequency , Genotype , HLA-DR Antigens , Genetics , HLA-DRB1 Chains , Immunoglobulin G , Therapeutic Uses , Platelet Glycoprotein GPIIb-IIIa Complex , Allergy and Immunology , Platelet Glycoprotein GPIb-IX Complex , Allergy and Immunology , Platelet Membrane Glycoproteins , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Blood , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Steroids , Therapeutic Uses
4.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 466-469, 2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261381

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the relationship between HLA-DRB1 alleles and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) in children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>PCR-SSO was used to identify DRB1 alleles of 42 children with ITP. Among them, anti-GPIIb/IIIa and anti-GPIb/IX autoantibody were detected in 36 cases by modified monoclonal antibody specific immobilization of platelet antigens (MAIPA).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) Compared with healthy controls, HLA-DRB1 * 17 was significantly increased (relative risk = 2.76, P < 0.05, etiologic factor = 0.106 4) and HLA-DRB1 * 1202 decreased (relative risk = 0.20, P < 0.025, prophylactic factor = 0.761 6) in children with ITP. (2) In comparison with patients with good response to steroids and IgG therapy, HLA-DRB1 * 11 was significantly increased (P < 0.025) in patients with a poor response, furthermore, most (5/6) of HLA-DRB1 * 11-positive patients were female teen-ager. (3) Twenty-seven patients (75%) had anti-GPIIb/IIIa and seventeen (47.22%) had anti-GPIb/IX autoantibodies, the positivity rates of both anti-GPIIb/IIIa (P = 0.02) and anti-GPIb/IX (P = 0.01) were associated with HLA-DRB1 * 02. However, the pos./itivity rates of autoantibodies between refractory and non-refractory patients showed no significant difference.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>(1) The DRB1 * 17 seems to predict susceptibility to ITP in children, while DRB1 * 1202 appears to be protective to against ITP. (2) The DRB1 * 11 plays an important role in resistance to steroid and IgG therapy in children with ITP. (3) It seems that the response to the antigenic epitope of GPIIb/IIIa and GPIb/IX is restricted by DRB1 * 02, while the presence of the autoantibodies couldn't predict prognosis. Our preliminary findings indicate that genetic factors influence the clinical course of ITP, but its exact mechanism needs to be further investigated.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Male , Alleles , Gene Frequency , HLA-DR Antigens , Genetics , HLA-DRB1 Chains , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutics
5.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 624-627, 2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261376

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the feasibility and characteristics of human engraftment in HLA disparate cord blood transplantation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Two human HLA-haploidentical or HLA-mismatched cord blood units were transplanted into sublethally irradiated severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) mice. The characteristics of engraftment, hematopoietic and immunological reconstitution between the two groups were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Two mixed cord blood units can engraft in SCID mice with donor-recipient chimerism and reconstitute hematopoiesis and immunological functions. No unfavorable factors had been observed. Only one of the two cord blood units which had higher colony forming ability in vitro could engraft in most SCID mice as shown by HLA-DQB(1) gene detection. Two HLA-haploidentical cord blood units were simultaneously engrafted in 3 SCID mice.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Double HLA-haploidentical or HLA-mismatched cord blood can engraft in SCID mice and reconstitute hematopoietic and immunological functions. HLA disparity has no significant effect on survival and engrafting rate. However, in less HLA disparity group, two cord blood units were prone to engraft simultaneously.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Mice , Antigens, CD , Allergy and Immunology , Cord Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Methods , Disease Models, Animal , Fetal Blood , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Flow Cytometry , HLA Antigens , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Hematopoiesis , Mice, SCID , Random Allocation , Severe Combined Immunodeficiency , Allergy and Immunology , General Surgery , Survival Analysis , Transplantation, Heterologous
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