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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862495

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the treatment of pancytopenia and liver injury induced by methimazole and provide medication therapy reference for clinical pharmacists in clinical practice. Methods The clinical pharmacists provided clinical interventions by the evaluation of adverse drug reactions, assessment of the therapeutic effects, adjustment of therapeutic regime based on the patient′s disease condition. Results The physician adopted the recommendations from the clinical pharmacists. The patient with pancytopenia and liver injury induced by methimazole gradually recovered with biochemical indices back to normal levels. Conclusion The therapeutic outcome was improved with clinical pharmacist’s knowledge on medication, optimization of therapeutic regime and implement of pharmaceutical care.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2802-2807, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906866

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the 24-week survival status of patients with hepatitis B virus-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF) treated with plasma exchange (PE) and double plasma molecular adsorption system (DPMAS) alone or in combination, and to establish a predictive model for 24-week prognosis. Methods Related clinical data were collected from 133 patients with HBV-ACLF who received PE and DPMAS alone or in combination in The Affiliated Provincial Hospital of Anhui Medical University from January 2015 to December 2019, and according to the survival status at the 24-week follow-up after treatment, they were divided into survival group with 71 patients and death group with 62 patients. A total of 55 patients with HBV-ACLF who received PE and DPMAS alone or in combination in The Second Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University from January 2018 to January 2020 were enrolled as validation group to validate the performance of the model. Related clinical data included mode of artificial liver support therapy, age, sex, total bilirubin (TBil), international normalized ratio (INR), creatinine (Cr), serum sodium, platelet count (PLT), albumin (Alb), and presence or absence of ascites, hepatorenal syndrome, hepatic encephalopathy, and gastrointestinal bleeding. The t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Wilcoxon rank-sum test was used for comparison of continuous data with skewed distribution between two groups; the chi-square test and the Fisher's exact test were used for comparison of categorical data between groups. The Cox regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors for the prognosis of HBV-ACLF patients after PE and DPMAS alone or in combination and establish a predictive model; the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted and the DeLong method was used to compare the area under the ROC curve (AUC) between the new predictive model and Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD)/MELD combined with serum sodium concentration (MELD-Na) scores. Results At 24 weeks after treatment, 71 patients survived and 62 patients died in the modeling group. The Cox regression analysis showed age (hazard ratio [ HR ]=1.030, P =0.013), TBil ( HR =1.018, P < 0.001), INR ( HR =1.517, P < 0.001), and PLT ( HR =0.993, P =0.04) were independent influencing factors for 24-week survival. According to the results of the Cox regression analysis, a prognostic model for HBV-ACLF patients treated with PE and DPMAS alone or in combination was established as ATIP=0.029×age (years)+0.018×TBil (mg/dL)+0.417×INR-0.007×PLT (10 9 /L). Both the modeling group and the validation group showed that the ATIP model had a better predictive performance than MELD and MELD-NA scores(all P < 0.05). Conclusion Age, TBil, INR, and PLT are independent influencing factors for the 24-week survival of HBV-ACLF patients treated with PE and DPMAS alone or in combination, and the ATIP model has a good performance in predicting the 24-week prognosis of HBV-ACLF patients treated with PE and DPMAS alone or in combination.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911316

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of TBK1 overexpression on hypoxia-reoxygenation (H/R) injury in isolated mouse cardiomyocytes subjected to high glucose and the relationship with mitochondrial autophagy.Methods:Normally cultured log-phase HL-1 mouse cardiomyocytes were inoculated in a 6-well plate at a density of 1×10 6 cells/ml and were divided into 4 groups ( n=10 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), high glucose group (group HG), high glucose and H/R group (group HG+ H/R), and TBK1 overexpression group (group TBK1). The cells were incubated in culture medium with 1% fetal bovine serum and 1% double antibody for 24 h when the cell density reached 50%.When the cell density reached 80%, pcDNA3.1 (+ ) was used as a vector to achieve TBK1 overexpression.The cells were cultured with high glucose medium (33 mmol/L) for 24 h, exposed to 94% N 2+ 5% CO 2+ 1% O 2 for 24 h in an incubator at 37℃ followed by 12 h reoxygenation in an incubator containing 5% CO 2 at 37°C to establish the model of H/R injury to cardiomyocytes subjected to high glucose.After reoxygenation, CCK-8 assay was used to detect cell viability, the activity of lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) in supernatant was detected using LDH kit, mitochondrial contents were determined using Mito-Tracter green fluorescent probe, and the expression of TBK1 and mitophagy-related proteins PINK1, Parkin, LC3B and P62 was detected by Western blot. Results:Compared with group C, the cell viability was significantly decreased, the activity of LDH in supernatant was increased, mitochondrial contents were decreased, the expression of TBK1, PINK1, Parkin and LC3B was down-regulated, and the expression of P62 was up-regulated in HG group and HG+ H/R group ( P<0.05). Compared with group HG, the cell viability was significantly decreased, the activity of LDH in supernatant was increased, mitochondrial contents were decreased, the expression of TBK1, PINK1, Parkin and LC3B was down-regulated, and the expression of P62 was up-regulated in group HG+ H/R ( P<0.05). Compared with group HG+ H/R, the the cell viability was significantly increased, the activity of LDH in supernatant was decreased, mitochondrial contents were increased, the expression of TBK1, PINK1, Parkin and LC3B was up-regulated, and the expression of P62 was down-regulated in group TBK1 ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The mechanism by which TBK1 overexpression reduces the H/R injury is related to restoring mitophagy in isolated mouse cardiomyocytes subjected to high glucose.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879948

ABSTRACT

:To evaluate the impact of socioeconomic status,population mobility,prevention and control measures on the early-stage coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) development in major cities of China. : The rate of daily new confirmed COVID-19 cases in the 51 cities with the largest number of cumulative confirmed cases as of February 19,2020 (except those in Hubei province) were collected and analyzed using the time series cluster analysis. It was then assessed according to three aspects,that is, socioeconomic status,population mobility,and control measures for the pandemic. : According to the analysis on the 51 cities,4 development patterns of COVID-19 were obtained,including a high-incidence pattern (in Xinyu),a late high-incidence pattern (in Ganzi),a moderate incidence pattern (in Wenzhou and other 12 cities),and a low and stable incidence pattern (in Hangzhou and other 35 cities). Cities with different types and within the same type both had different scores on the three aspects. : There were relatively large difference on the COVID-19 development among different cities in China,possibly affected by socioeconomic status,population mobility and prevention and control measures that were taken. Therefore,a timely public health emergency response and travel restriction measures inside the city can interfere the development of the pandemic. Population flow from high risk area can largely affect the number of cumulative confirmed cases.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , China/epidemiology , Cities , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Social Class
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879943

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to quantitatively assess the effectiveness of the Wuhan lockdown measure on controlling the spread of coronavirus diesase 2019 (COVID-19). : Firstly,estimate the daily new infection rate in Wuhan before January 23,2020 when the city went into lockdown by consulting the data of Wuhan population mobility and the number of cases imported from Wuhan in 217 cities of Mainland China. Then estimate what the daily new infection rate would have been in Wuhan from January 24 to January 30th if the lockdown measure had been delayed for 7 days,assuming that the daily new infection in Wuhan after January 23 increased in a high,moderate and low trend respectively (using exponential, linear and logarithm growth models). Based on that,calculate the number of infection cases imported from Wuhan during this period. Finally,predict the possible impact of 7-day delayed lockdown in Wuhan on the epidemic situation in China using the susceptible-exposed-infectious-removed (SEIR) model. : The daily new infection rate in Wuhan was estimated to be 0.021%,0.026%,0.029%,0.033% and 0.070% respectively from January 19 to January 23. And there were at least 20 066 infection cases in Wuhan by January 23,2020. If Wuhan lockdown measure had been delayed for 7 days,the daily new infection rate on January 30 would have been 0.335% in the exponential growth model,0.129% in the linear growth model,and 0.070% in the logarithm growth model. Correspondingly,there would have been 32 075,24 819 and 20 334 infection cases travelling from Wuhan to other areas of Mainland China,and the number of cumulative confirmed cases as of March 19 in Mainland China would have been 3.3-3.9 times of the officially reported number. Conclusions: Timely taking city-level lockdown measure in Wuhan in the early stage of COVID-19 outbreak is essential in containing the spread of the disease in China.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , China/epidemiology , Cities , Communicable Disease Control , Humans , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1168-1172, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796874

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the signal transduction mechanisms of time-dependent effects of 50 Hz 1.8 mT sinusoidal electromagnetic fields(SEMFs)on osteoblastic activity.@*Methods@#Newborn rat calvarial osteoblasts(ROBs)were treated with 50 Hz 1.8mT SEMFs for 30, 60, 90, 120, and 150 min, respectively.Intracellular alkaline phosphatase(ALP)activity was assayed, and protein expression of Runt-related transcription factor 2(Runx2), Smad1/5/8 and mitogen-activated protein kinases(MAPKs)were examined by Western blot.The Dual-Luciferase Reporter Assay System was used to measure the activity of the Wnt pathway.Immunofluorescence staining and laser confocal microscopy were applied to examine the nuclear translocation of Smad1/5/8 and β-catenin.Changes in ALP activity were determined after inhibiting p38 MAPK using a specific inhibitor.@*Results@#ALP activity of ROBs increased after 30, 60, 90, 120 and 150 min of SEMFs treatment, compared with the control group(51.41±5.21, 59.47±4.02, 67.56±4.68, 63.69±3.92, and 58.16±3.61 vs.45.53±3.24), and reached the highest value at 90 min and then started to decline.Protein expression of Runx-2, p-Smad1/5/8, p-p38 and β-catenin increased after SEMFs treatment, and reached the highest value at 90 min and then gradually returned to baseline levels.The values for Wnt pathway activity for the control group and with SEMFs treatment at 30, 60, 90, 120 and 150 min were 0.49±0.06, 0.52±0.09, 0.75±0.05, 0.77±0.42, 0.58±0.08 and 0.42±0.09, respectively.Wnt pathway activity, the nuclear translocation of β-catenin and Smad1/5/8 reached the highest level at 90 min.Values of ALP activity in the control group and the SEMFs group were 44.60±3.84 and 71.54±7.34, respectively, before specifically inhibiting p38 MAPK, and were 52.08±0.83 and 52.15±10.77, respectively, after p38 MAPK inhibition, indicating that ALP activity could not be increased with inhibition.@*Conclusions@#50 Hz 1.8 mT SEMFs increase osteoblastic activity by activating the BMP-2/Smad1/5/8, Wnt/β-catenin and p38 MAPK signal pathways.The optimal duration of treatment is 90 min per day.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745701

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of the compound medicine of icariin and puerarin on peak bone mass in rats during growth period, and to explore its possible mechanism. Methods Forty female Sprague-Dawley rats aged 1 month were randomly divided into normal control group( C), icariin group( I), puerarin group( P), icariin and puerarin compound groupc(I+P), 10 in each group. The body weights were recorded once every two weeks, and the bone mineral density was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry every month. After the bone mineral density of the whole body was significantly different between the control group and drug groups the animals were sacrificed. The right femur and vertebrae were separated to measure the bone mineral density. The biomechanical properties of the femur and vertebra were detected by AG-IS series desktop electronic universal testing machine. The bone formation index osteocalcin, PINP and bone resorption index were determined by ELISA. Changes in the contents of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b(TRACP 5b) and CTX-1; and changes in trabecular bone related parameters were recorded after magenta-picric acid staining. Results There was no significant difference in body weight between the two groups (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in whole body bone density after 1 month of treatment (P>0.05). After 2 months of treatment, the body bone density of the drug-administered group was higher than that of the control group. Whole body bone density, femur and vertebral bone density, femur maximum load value, maximum vertebrae load value and trabecular bone number and area, serum OC and PINP levels increased, while TRACP 5b and CTX-1 levels decreased(P<0.01) in drug group. The difference from the control group was statistically significant (P<0. 05). There were significant differences in biochemical parameters and bone histomorphology between the compound drug group and the two-flavor monomer group ( P<0. 01). There was no significant difference in bone mineral density and biomechanics, but the average value was higher than that of the monomer group. Conclusion The combination of icariin and puerarin can effectively increase the peak bone mass in rats.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755618

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of autophagy in Parkin over-expression-induced reduction of cardiac hypertrophy in diabetic rats.Methods Thirty-two healthy SPF male Sprague-Dawley rats,aged 2 months,weighing 200-230 g,were divided into 4 groups (n =8 each) using a random number table method:non-diabetes mellitus (DM) group (group Non-DM),DM group,DM plus AAV9-CMV-Parkin group (group DM+P) and DM puls AAV9-CMV-Parkin puls autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine (3-MA) group (group DM+P+MA).DM was induced by intraperitoneal streptozotocin (STZ) 60 mg/kg and confirmed by blood glucose level >16.7 mmol/L,and Parkin overexpression was achieved with adeno-associated virus serotype 9 as a vector.AAV9-CMV-Parkin 1 × 1012 mg/kg was injected into the tail vein at 3 weeks after STZ injection in group DM+P.In group DM+P+MA,AAV9-CMV-Parkin 1× 1012 mg/kg was injected into the tail vein at 3 weeks after STZ injection,and 3 weeks later 3-MA 15 mg/kg was injected into the tail vein,once a week for 6 weeks in total.Cardiac diastolic and systolic function was detected using Bmode ultrasonography.Cardiomyocytes were obtained for microscopic examination of the cross-sectional area (with a light microscope) and for determination of the expression of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3,P62 and Parkin.Results Compared with group Non-DM,the cross-sectional area of cardiomyocytes was significantly increased,and the diastolic and systolic function was decreased in DM group (P<0.05).Compared with group DM,the cross-sectional area of cardiomyocytes was significantly decreased,the diastolic and systolic function was improved,the expression of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 and Parkin in myocardial tissues was up-regulated,and the expression of P62 was down-regulated in group DM+P (P<0.05).Compared with group MD+P,the cross-sectional area of cardiomyocytes was significantly increased,the diastolic and systolic function was decreased,the expression of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 was down-regulated,and the expression of P62 was up-regulated in group DM+P+MA (P<0.05) Conclusion Autophagy is involved in Parkin over-expression-induced reduction of cardiac hypertrophy in diabetic rats.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755587

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of tumor necrosis factor α-induced protein 8-like-2 ( TIPE2) in pyroptosis in macrophage of mice using small interfering RNA ( siRNA) technique. Methods J774A. 1 macrophages of mice were divided into 4 groups ( n=6 each) using a random number table method: non-specific siRNA (Scr-siRNA) group (S group), Scr-siRNA plus LPS∕ATP group (S+LPS∕ATP group ) , TIPE2-siRNA group ( T group ) and TIPE2-siRNA plus LPS∕ATP group ( T+LPS∕ATP group) . The corresponding siRNA and Lipofectamine2000 transfection reagents were added to each group, and transfection was performed for 24-48 h, and in addition LPS 1. 0 μg∕ml was then added, cells were incubated for 5 h, then ATP 5. 0 mmol∕L was added, and cells were incubated for 1 h in S+LPS∕ATP and T+LPS∕ATP groups. Cells were collected to detect the expression of TIPE2, NOD-like receptor familypyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3), caspase-1, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase activation and recruitment domain ( ASC) and Gasdermin D ( GSDMD) ( by Western blot) . The superna-tant was collected for determination of lactic dehydrogenase ( LDH) activity and concentrations of interleu-kin-1beta (IL-1β) and IL-18 (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay). Results Compared with group S, the expression of TIPE2 was significantly down-regulated, the expression of NLRP3, caspase-1, ASC and GSDMD was up-regulated, and the LDH activity and concentrations of IL-1βand IL-18 in supernatant were increased in group S+LPS∕ATP ( P<0. 05) . Compared with group T, the expression of TIPE2 was sig-nificantly down-regulated, the expression of NLRP3, caspase-1, ASC and GSDMD was up-regulated, and the LDH activity and concentrations of IL-1βand IL-18 in supernatant were increased in group T+LPS∕ATP (P<0. 05). Compared with group S+LPS∕ATP, the expression of TIPE2 was significantly down-regulated, the expression of NLRP3, caspase-1, ASC and GSDMD was up-regulated, and the LDH activity and con-centrations of IL-1βand IL-18 in supernatant were increased in group T+LPS∕ATP ( P<0. 05) . Conclusion Application of siRNA technique once again confirms that TIPE2 can inhibit pyroptosis in macrophages of mice.

10.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1168-1172, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791658

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the signal transduction mechanisms of time-dependent effects of 50 Hz 1.8 mT sinusoidal electromagnetic fields(SEMFs)on osteoblastic activity.Methods Newborn rat calvarial osteoblasts(ROBs) were treated with 50 Hz 1.8mT SEMFs for 30,60,90,120,and 150 min,respectively.Intracellular alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was assayed,and protein expression of Runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2),Smad1/5/8 and mitogen-activated protein kinases(MAPKs)were examined by Western blot.The Dual-Luciferase Reporter Assay System was used to measure the activity of the Wnt pathway.Immunofluorescence staining and laser confocal microscopy were applied to examine the nuclear translocation of Smad1/5/8 and β-catenin.Changes in ALP activity were determined after inhibiting p38 MAPK using a specific inhibitor.Results ALP activity of ROBs increased after 30,60,90,120 and 150 min of SEMFs treatment,compared with the control group(51.41±5.21,59.47±4.02,67.56[4.68,63.69±3.92,and 58.16±3.61 vs.45.53± 3.24),and reached the highest value at 90 min and then started to decline.Protein expression of Runx-2,p-Smad1/5/8,p-p38 and β-catenin increased after SEMFs treatment,and reached the highest value at 90 min and then gradually returned to baseline levels.The values for Wnt pathway activity for the control group and with SEMFs treatment at 30,60,90,120 and 150 min were 0.49± 0.06,0.52 ± 0.09,0.75±0.05,0.77 ± 0.42,0.58 ± 0.08 and 0.42 ± 0.09,respectively.Wnt pathway activity,the nuclear translocation of β-catenin and Smad1/5/8 reached the highest level at 90 min.Values of ALP activity in the control group and the SEMFs group were 44.60±3.84 and 71.54±7.34,respectively,before specifically inhibiting p38 MAPK,and were 52.08±0.83 and 52.15±10.77,respectively,after p38 MAPK inhibition,indicating that ALP activity could not be increased with inhibition.Conclusions 50 Hz 1.8 mT SEMFs increase osteoblastic activity by activating the BMP-2/Smad1/5/8,Wnt/β-catenin and p38 MAPK signal pathways.The optimal duration of treatment is 90 min per day.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692722

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the influence of hematocrit(HCT),vitamin C(Vc)and galactose on three portable blood glucose meters to provide some reference for clinical selection of appropriate blood glucose me-ter.Methods 20 heparin anticoagulant venous blood samples in the clinical laboratory department of Nanfang Hospital were selected for verifying the accuracy of blood glucose meter.2 healthy volunteers were selected for collecting 5 w hole blood samples in interferent test.Referring to the detection results of Roche automatic bio-chemical analyzer,the Nova StatStrip Xpress glucometer,Bayer Contour Plus glucometer and Roche Accu-chek Performa blood glucose meter were performed the accuracy verification.The influence of HCT,Vc and galac-tose on the detection results of above three portable blood glucose meters were evaluated.Results The detec-tion accuracy of Nova StatStrip Xpress and the Roche Accu-Chek glucometers all conformed to the require-ments of ISO15197:2013 standards.The detection accuracy of Bayer Contour Plus glucometer only conformed to the requirements of ISO15197:2003 standards.Under the interference of different levels of HCT,Vc and galactose,the detection results of Nova StatStrip Xpress glucometer conformed to the requirements of ISO15197:2013 standards;w hen detecting low concentration of blood glucose,the Bayer Contour Plus glucom-eter was interfered by 10 mg/dL Vc,and other detection results conformed to the requirements of ISO15197:2003 standards;the anti-interference performance of Roche Accu-chek Performa glucometer conformed to the

12.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1001-1004, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734610

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of tumor necrosis factor alpha-inducible protein 8 like-2 ( TIPE2) in macrophage pyroptosis in mice. Methods Mouse macrophages J774A. 1 were seeded in 6-cm culture dishes (5 ml∕dish) at the density of 2×105 cells∕ml and divided into 4 groups (n=18 each) using a random number table method: blank vector control group ( C group) , blank vector plus lipopolysaccharide ( LPS)∕ATP group ( C+LPS∕ATP group) , TIPE2 overexpression group ( T group) and TIPE2 overexpres-sion plus LPS∕ATP group ( T+LPS∕ATP group) . Cells were infected with lentivirus without TIPE2 in C and C+LPS∕ATP groups. TIPE2 overexpression stable cell line was constructed in T group and T+LPS∕ATP group. LPS 1. 0 μg∕ml was added and cells were incubated for 5 h, and then ATP 5. 0 mmol∕L was added and cells were incubated for 1 h in C+LPS∕ATP group and T+LPS∕ATP group. Cells were collected for de-tection of the expression of TIPE2, NOD-like receptor protein 3 ( NLRP3) , interleukin-1beta ( IL-1β) and interleukin-8 ( IL-18) by Western blot. Flow cytometry was used to detect the pyroptotic cells, and the per-centage of pyroptotic cells was calculated. The concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-alpha ( TNF-α) , IL-6, IL-1β and IL-18 in cell culture media were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results Compared with group C, the expression of TIPE2 was significantly down-regulated, the expression of NL-RP3, IL-1β and IL-18 was up-regulated, and the percentage of pyroptotic cells and concentrations of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β and IL-18 in cell culture media were increased in group C+LPS∕ATP (P<0. 05). Com-pared with group T, the expression of TIPE2 was significantly down-regulated, the expression of NLRP3, IL-1βand IL-18 was up-regulated, and the percentage of pyroptotic cells and concentrations of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β and IL-18 in cell culture media were increased in group T+LPS∕ATP ( P<0. 05) . Compared with group C+LPS∕ATP, the expression of TIPE2 was significantly up-regulated, the expression of NLRP3, IL-1β and IL-18 was down-regulated, and the percentage of pyroptotic cells and concentrations of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β and IL-18 in cell culture media were decreased in group T+LPS∕ATP ( P<0. 05) . Conclusion TIPE2 can inhibit macrophage pyroptosis, and the mechanism may be related to inhibiting activation of NL-RP3 inflammasome in mice.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819078

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of resveratrol on peak bone mineral density and bone mass in growing rats. Methods: Thirty-six female healthy Wistar rats were randomly divided into control group, icariin group and resveratrol group with 12 rats in each group. Icariin (25 mg·kg-1·d-1), resveratrol (8.4 mg·kg-1·d-1) or equal volume of distilled water were given by gavage to icariin group, resveratrol group and control group, respectively. The rats were sacrificed after 12 weeks. The organ indexes were calculated and pathology sections were observed; the bone mineral density (BMD), bone biomechanics, serum bone metabolism index, and results of micro-CT scan were analyzed. Results: During the experiment, the body weight of rats showed an increasing trend and there was no significant difference among three groups (P0.05). There were no significant differences in organ index of vital organs and pathological changes among the groups (all P0.05). Compared with the control group, the whole body BMD, and the BMDs of femur and vertebrae in icariin and resveratrol groups were significantly increased after 12 weeks (all PPPPPPPConclusion: Resveratrol can inhibit bone resorption and enhance bone formation, so as to improve the peak bone mass and bone density, enhance bone strength and improve the microstructure of bone tissue in young rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Density , Bone and Bones , Diagnostic Imaging , Female , Femur , Osteocalcin , Genetics , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Rats, Wistar , Resveratrol , Pharmacology , Tartrate-Resistant Acid Phosphatase , Genetics , Metabolism
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819077

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the effects of 50 Hz 1.8 mT sinusoidal magnetic field (SEMF) and 50 Hz 0.6 mT pulsed electromagnetic field(PEMF) on the maturation and mineralization of rat calvaria osteoblasts. Methods: Primary cultured rat calvarial osteoblasts were divided into 3 groups:blank control group, SEMF group and PEMF group. The rats in SEMT and PEMT groups were treated with 50 Hz 1.8 mT SEMF or 50 Hz 0.6 mT PEMF for 90 min/d, respectively. Western blotting and Real-time RT-PCR were used to detect the protein and mRNA expressions of Collagen-1, bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2), osterix (OSX) and Runt-associated transcription factor 2(Runx-2). The alkaline phosphatase(ALP) activity was detected by ALP test kits at d6 and d9 after treatment, and by ALP staining using azo coupling at d10 after treatment. The formation of calcium nodules was observed by alizarin red staining. Results: Compared with blank control group, the protein and mRNA expressions of Collagen-1, BMP-2, OSX and Runx-2 in SEMT and PEMT groups were significantly increased (P P PP0.05); after 9 days treatment, the activities of ALP in both PEMF and SEMP groups were significantly higher than that in blank control group (all PP0.05). After 10 days treatment, ALP staining was increased in both PEMF and SEMF groups compared with that in blank control group (all PPPPConclusion: Both 50 Hz 1.8 mT that in SEMF and 50 Hz 0.6 mT PEMF can promote the maturation and mineralization of osteoblasts, and the effect of PEMF is more marked.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcification, Physiologic , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Electromagnetic Fields , Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental , Radiation Effects , Magnetic Fields , Osteoblasts , Cell Biology , Radiation Effects , Rats , Skull
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329039

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the effects between fast acupuncture and retaining acupuncture for the cervical type of cervical spondylosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty patients were randomized into a fast acupuncture group and a retaining needle group, 30 cases in each one. The acupoints in the two groups were Fengchi (GB 20), Jiaji (EX-B 2, C, C, C) and Jianjing (GB 21), Jianjing 1 (Extra) and Jianjing 2 (Extra). The needles in the fast acupuncture group were out afterarrival, while those in the retaining needle group were retained for 30 min, three times a week, once the other day. One week was seen as a course and the treatment was given for 2 courses. The indices were observed before and after treatment, including Northwick Park neck pain questionnaire (NPQ), short-form McGill pain questionnaire (SF-MPQ) [pain rating index (PRI), visual analogue scale (VAS) and present pain intensity (PPI)]. The effects were compared in the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After treatment, the NPQ score was lower than that before treatment in the two groups (both<0.01), and that in the fast acupuncture group was better (<0.01). All the items of SF-MPQ decreased compared with those before treatment in the two groups (all<0.01), with the better results of PRI sensation score and PRI total score in the fast acupuncture group (both<0.05). The PRI feeling score, VAS score, and PPI score were not significantly different after treatment between the two groups (all>0.05). The total effective rate in the fast acupuncture group was 83.3% (25/30), not significantly different from 76.7% (23/30) in the retaining needle group (>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Fast acupuncture and retaining needle are both effective for the cervical type of cervical spondylosis, which can apparently improve the clinical symptoms. Fast acupuncture is superior to retaining acupuncture.</p>

16.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1158-1167, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242241

ABSTRACT

To study the effects of different frequency sinusoidal electromagnetic fields on the bone mineral density and bone histomorphometry of SD young rats, and to screen suitable electromagnetic field frequency. In total 32 female SD rats of 8 weeks old were randomly divided into 4 groups: control group, 15 Hz group, 30 Hz group and 45 Hz group. Except for the control group, rats in experimental groups were treated with corresponding frequency of 1.8 mT sinusoidal electromagnetic field 90 minutes every day. Rats were measured for bone mineral density after 8 weeks by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Rats' femur and vertebral bones were measured by analyzing the static and dynamic forms on the right tibia bone for morphometrics. Rat serum was measured to estimate the index of bone formation and bone resorption. Bone mineral density of rats from 15 Hz group and 45 Hz group was higher than that of the control group (P<0.05). Serum osteocalcin level of rats from 15 Hz group and 45 Hz group was higher than that of the control group (P<0.05). Double fluorescence spacing and static parameters of bone tissue in experimental group rat tibia were higher than that of the control group (P<0.05). Our findings imply that 15 Hz and 45 Hz sinusoidal electromagnetic fields can effectively increase bone mineral density in young rats for preventing osteoporosis.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487518

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate clinical importance of high ligation combined with endovenous laser treat-ment(EVLT)for great sapenous varicose veins patients with diabetes,to provide a reference for clinical treatment. Methods 65 great sapenous varicose veins patients with diabetes were selected,and they were set as the observation group with treatment of high ligation combined with EVLT;while 50 great sapenous varicose veins patients without diabetes were selected during the same period,they were set as the control group under the same treatment.Clinical effect and complication were compared between the two groups.Results The wound cure rate of the observation group was 96.92%,surgery time was (42.94 ±7.93)min,hospital stay time was (6.87 ±1.74)d,there were no statistical differences compared with the control group (χ2 =1.003,P =0.174;t =0.994,P =0.254;t =0.883,P =0.317);The complication rate of the observation group was 18.46%,that of control group was 18.00%,there was no statistical difference between the two groups(χ2 =1.114,P =0.097).Conclusion With control of blood sugar,high ligation combined with endovenous laser treatment can get a good result and safety performance for great sapenous varicose veins patients with diabetes.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300844

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effect of icariin total flavonoids capsules (ITFC) on bone mineral density (BMD) and bone histomorphometry in growing rats and its anti-osteoporosis mechanism.Thirty female SD rats were randomly divided into 3 groups:normal control group, ITFC-1 group and ITFC-2 group. Rats in ITFC-1 group and ITFC-2 group were fed with 50 mg·kg·dor 100 mg·kg·dITFC, respectively, and those in normal control group were fed with equal volume of distilled water. The whole body BMD was measured after 4, 8 and 12 weeks, and BMDs of the right femur and lumbar vertebrae were measured after 12 weeks. The serum levels of tartaric acid phosphatase 5b (TRACP 5b) and bone alkaline phosphatase (BALP) were measured by ELISA. Bone morphometry was performed on the right tibia.There were no significant differences in the body weight increase between normal control group and two ITFC groups (all>0.05). There were also no significant differences in whole body BMDs after 4 and 8 weeks between normal control group and ITFC groups (all>0.05). After 12 weeks, the whole body BMD, BMD of bone, serum BALP level and trabecular area in ITFC-1 group and ITFC-2 group were significantly higher, trabecular separation was significantly lower than that in normal control group (all<0.05); and the trabecular width and the number in ITFC-2 group were also significantly higher, and serum TRACP 5b level was significantly lower than that in normal control group (all<0.05). The BMD of bone, serum BALP level, trabecular number and area in ITFC-2 group were significantly higher, and serum TRACP 5b level was significantly lower than that in ITFC-1 group (all<0.05).ITFC can prevent osteoporosis by increasing bone density and bone formation, decreasing bone resorption and improving microstructure of bone.


Subject(s)
Alkaline Phosphatase , Blood , Animals , Bone Density , Bone Resorption , Drug Therapy , Cancellous Bone , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Female , Femur , Flavonoids , Pharmacology , Lumbar Vertebrae , Osteogenesis , Osteoporosis , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tartrate-Resistant Acid Phosphatase , Blood , Tibia
19.
China Medical Equipment ; (12): 116-119, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493815

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the intervention effect of vitamin C for the treatment to diabetes patients with diabetes and gastric ulcer.Methods: 53 cases of patients with diabetes combined with gastric ulcer were selected as the research subjects, and were divided into a control group(23) and a intervention group(30). The patients in two groups were given the treatment of reducing blood sugar and anti-HP triple therapy. The intervention group was given additionally diet intervention via eating vitamin C. The blood sugar, blood lipid levels, gastric ulcer index and inflammatory markers of the two groups were reviewed six months later by helicobacter pylori type detector. And the statistical analysis was performed.Results: After treatment, the blood sugar, blood lipid levels, gastric ulcer index and inflammatory markers of the two groups were significantly improved (t=1.23,t=1.35,t=2.63,t=1.07,t=0.77,P0.05). Other indexes of the intervention group are significantly better than the control group (t=1.45,t=1.67,t=2.33, t=1.55,P<0.05).Conclusion:Vitamin C play a very good role in the treatment and prevention for the blood sugar, the blood lipids, gastric function and inflammation of patients with diabetes and gastric ulcer, and helicobacter pylori type detector can simplify the detection of helicobacter pylori.

20.
Journal of Medical Research ; (12): 98-101, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464161

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the histological injury as well as the risk factors for the course of HBeAg-negative chronic hep-atitis B virus( HBV)-infected patients with persistently normal alanine aminotransferase ( ALT) levels ( PNAL) . Methods Ninty four patients of HBeAg-negative chronic HBV-infected with PNAL were performed liver puncturing. The ALT, HBV markers, and liver histo-logical changes were detected. The gender, age, family history, HBV-DNA and HBsAg levels were compared between different patients with liver inflammation and fibrosis. And the Logistic model was used during the analysis of independent risk factor. Results Among 94 cases, patients with inflammatory necrosis classification≥G2 accounted for 74. 5%, fibrosis grading≥S2 accounted for 27. 7%. Patients in the group of inflammatory necrosis classification≥G2 was older than the group of < G2, and the ALT level of≥G2 group was higher, as well as a higher HBV-DNA. What is more,Patients in the group of inflammatory necrosis classification ≥G2 were mainly male, and were associated with a family history of hepatitis B. Patients in the group of fibrosis stage ≥S2 was older than < S2 group, and the ALT level of fibrosis stage ≥S2 group was higher. And those patients were often associated with a family history of hepatitis B, but there was no significant difference among the HBV-DNA level and gender constitution. HBV-DNA and family history were the independent risk fac-tors of liver inflammation necrosis≥G2, and family history was the only independent risk factor of fibrosis stage≥S2. Conclusion The patients of HBeAg-negative chronic HBV-infected with PNAL, regardless of the ALT and HBV-DNA, must have a liver biopsy. The pa-tients with high level of HBV-DNA and with a family history of hepatitis B should be performed liver puncturing accordingly.

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