Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 4 de 4
Add filters

Year range
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 502-506, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994070


Objective:To investigate the effect of total anatomical reconstruction (TAR) during robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) .Methods:The clinical data of 99 patients with RARP performed by a single doctor in our hospital from January 2018 to January 2021 were analyzed retrospectively.There were 38 patients in the TAR+ vesicourethral anastomosis (VUA) group and 61 patients in the VUA group. There were no significant differences between the two groups in the age of patients [ 65.5 (60.8, 71.0) years vs. 66.0 (61.5, 69.0) years], body mass index[ (24.92±2.65) kg/m 2 vs. (25.51±2.80) kg/m 2], prostate volume [28.13 (25.21, 36.53) ml vs. 26.33 (19.75, 47.84) ml], PSA [15.67 (9.02, 31.49) ng/ml vs. 14.58 (9.23, 30.06) ng/ml], neoadjuvant therapy [50.0% (19/38) vs. 63.9% (39/61)], Gleason score (6/7/8/9-10 scores: 8/16/5/9 cases vs. 16/25/9/11 cases) and clinical T stage (T 1/T 2/T 3 stage: 4/29/5 cases vs. 3/53/5 cases)(all P>0.05). The TAR technique was performed as follows. ①The two layers of posterior reconstruction involved the residual Denonvilliers fascia, the striated sphincter and medial dorsal raphe (MDR), and the vesicoprostatic muscle (VPM), the fascia which was 1-2 cm from the cranial side of the bladder neck and MDR. ②The one layer of anterior reconstruction involved detrusor apron, tissues around the urethra and the visceral and parietal layers of the endoplevic fascia. The VUA technique was suturing the bladder neck and urethra consecutively. Perioperative indexes were compared between the two groups. Results:All 99 operations were successfully completed. There were no statistically significant differences between the TAR+ VUA and VUA groups in operation time [ (174.16±47.21) min vs. (188.70±45.39) min], blood loss [ 50 (50, 100) ml vs. 100 (50, 100) ml], incidence of postoperative complications [10.5% (4/38) vs. 14.8% (9/61)], phathological T stage [pT 2/pT 3~4 stage: 25/12 cases vs. 42/19 cases, P=0.895], and the time of indwelling catheter [ 21.0 (19.0, 21.0) d vs. 21.0 (21.0, 21.0) d] (all P>0.05). The difference in postoperative length of stay between the two groups was statistically significant[6.0 (5.0, 6.0) d vs. 7.0 (6.0, 7.5)d, P<0.001]. Follow-up was performed for 1 year after surgery. The recovery rate of urinary continence 3 months after surgery in TAR+ VUA and VUA groups were 86.8% (33/38) vs. 65.6% (40/61), which were statistically significant( P=0.019). There were no significant differences between TAR+ VUA and VUA groups in recovery rate of urinary continence 1 months after surgery [47.4% (18/38) vs. 45.9% (28/61)], 6 months after surgery [94.7% (36/38) vs. 85.2% (52/61)], and 12 months after surgery [94.7% (36/38) vs. 93.4% (57/61)] (all P>0.05). Conclusions:TAR technique has good surgical safety, and can promote recovery of early urinary continence after RARP.

Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 518-522, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957420


Objective:To investigate the relationship between the positive surgical margin and clinical factors such as neoadjuvant hormonal therapy after robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RARP) in high-risk patients with prostate cancer.Methods:The clinical data of 164 patients with high-risk prostate cancer being performed RARP by one surgeon were analyzed retrospectively in our hospital from January 2016 to January 2022. The mean patient’s age was (65.3±6.2) years old, mean body mass index (BMI) was (25.6±3.0) kg/m 2, the median value of total prostate specific antigen (tPSA) before operation was 18.6(11.3, 31.3)ng/ml, the median value of Gleason score before operation was 7 (7, 8), the median value of prostate volume was 29.3 (22.4, 40.2) ml, and the clinical stage was T 2aN 0M 0-T 4N 0M 0. 80 patients with prostate cancer were treated with neoadjuvant endocrine therapy. All of them were treated with complete androgen blockade with a median course of 3 months. Univariate analysis was used to analyze the correlation between age, BMI, prostate volume, neoadjuvant hormonal therapy, preoperative tPSA, clinical stage, Gleason score before operation and positive surgical margin. Then multivariate logistic regression was used to further analyze the independent risk factor of positive surgical margin after RARP. Results:The postoperative pathological diagnosis included pT 2 stage in 111 cases (67.7%), pT 3a stage in 15 cases (9.1%), pT 3b stage in 25 cases (15.2%), pT 4 stage in 13 cases (7.9%). No lymph node metastasis was noticed in all patients. The Gleason scores included 6 in 11 cases (6.7%), 3+ 4 in 26 cases (15.9%), 4+ 3 in 36 cases (22.0%), 8 in 17 cases (10.4%), 9-10 in 24 cases (14.6%), un-evaluation due to endocrine therapy in 50 (30.5%). The positive surgical margin of high-risk patients with prostate cancer was 44.5% (73/164). Univariate analysis showed that the neoadjuvant hormonal therapy, tPSA and clinical stage were correlated with positive surgical margin ( P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that non-neoadjuvant hormonal therapy, preoperative tPSA>20ng/ml and clinical stage>T 2b were independent risk factors for positive surgical margin of high-risk patients with prostate cancer. Stratified analysis showed that when the preoperative tPSA was 10-20 ng/ml(21.1% vs.55.9%, P=0.014), the clinical stage was T 2c(29.6% vs.49.1%, P=0.040), the Gleason score before operation was 7(19.4% vs.54.1%, P=0.003), the positive surgical margin of high-risk patients in the neoadjuvant hormonal therapy group was significantly lower than that in the non-neoadjuvant hormonal therapy group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Non-neoadjuvant hormonal therapy, preoperative tPSA>20 ng/ml and clinical stage>T 2b were independent risk factors for positive surgical margin of RARP in the high-risk patients with prostate cancer. For high-risk patients with preoperative tPSA of 10-20 ng/ml, clinical stage of T 2c and Gleason score before operation of 7, neoadjuvant hormonal therapy has important clinical significance in reducing the positive surgical margin of RARP.

Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 260-263, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512166


Objective To investigate the therapeutic outcomes of unilateral adrenalectomy for Cushing syndrome in patients with adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) independent bilateral macronodular adrenal hyperplasia.Methods 22 patients diagnosed with Cushing syndrome caused by ACTH independent bilateral macronodular adrenal hyperplasia from January 2005 to December 2015 were retrospectively concluded.There are 17 male patients and 5 female patients with the median age of 46.5 years.All patients were presented with Cushing syndrome such as moon face, buffalo hump and other typical symptoms of Cushing syndrome.The laboratory tests showed disappearance of cortisol rhythm, elevated 24-hour urinary free cortisol, suppressed or normal ACTH and unsuppressed low dose dexamethasone suppressing test.CT scan showed bilateral macronodular adrenal hyperplasia in all patients.Results All the patients received unilateral adrenalectomy.Pathological results showed adrenal cortex nodular hyperplasia.16 patients had reexamination in the endocrine department.The median follow-up time was 26 (17-118)months for these 16 patients.In the follow-up between 3 to 9 months after surgery, laboratory test showed serum and urinary cortisol level returned to normal range and Cushing syndrome also disappeared in these 16 patients.CT scan showed no recurrence.And no adrenal insufficiency occurred.One patient had recurrence one year after surgery and two patients turned better after surgery but had recurrence at 3 years and 10 years after surgery.Two patients received contralateral adrenalectomy and cortisol hormone replacement therapy after surgery.Another patient with recurrence refused second surgery.No recurrence was observed in other patients.Four patients were followed up by telephone, and all recovered well after surgery.18 patients had hypertension before surgery and their blood pressure significantly decreased after surgery.Among them 13 cases blood pressure returned to normal range.5 patients had elevated blood glucose before surgery, and 3 patients' blood glucose returned to normal range.Conclusions Unilateral adrenalectomy for Cushing syndrome in patients with ACTH independent bilateral macronodular adrenal hyperplasia is safe and effective.

Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 749-751, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-269005


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize our experience with extraperitoneal robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RLRP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty patients with confirmed prostate cancer by transrectal needle biopsy but no metastasis detected by radiographic examination underwent extraperitoneal RLRP, including 7 with Gleason score of less than 6, 10 with a score of 7, 2 with a score of 8, and 1 with a score of 9.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The procedures were performed successfully in all the patients. In 4 cases, a postoperative PSA value of more than 0.2 ng/ml at 4 weeks suggested residual tumor, for which maximal androgen block therapy was administered before elective radiotherapy. Sixteen patients were followed up for 10 to 37 months (mean 15.5 months). In the 20 cases, the operation was completed in a mean of 180 min (range 150-230 min), with the mean installation time of 48.5 min (range 40-60 min) and average blood loss of 298 ml (range 80-800 ml). The mean postoperative eating time was 1.7 days (1 to 3 days), the mean bladder catheter time was 10.7 days (7 to 14 days), and the mean hospital stay was 10.7 days (range 7-14 days). No postoperative complications occurred in these cases. Postoperative pathology showed a Gleason score no higher than 6 in 6 cases, 7 in 5 cases, and no less than 8 in 9 cases.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The technique of extraperitoneal RLRP can be easily mastered by the surgeons and is especially advantageous for complicated pelvic operations.</p>

Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Laparoscopy , Methods , Prostatectomy , Methods , Prostatic Neoplasms , General Surgery , Robotics