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1.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 558-565, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003248

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to evaluate the use of active surgical co-management (SCM) by medical hospitalists for urology inpatient care. @*Materials and Methods@#Since March 2019, a hospitalist-SCM program was implemented at a tertiary-care medical center, and a retrospective cohort study was conducted among co-managed urology inpatients. We assessed the clinical outcomes of urology inpatients who received SCM and compared passive SCM (co-management of patients by hospitalists only on request; March 2019 to June 2020) with active SCM (co-management of patients based on active screening by hospitalists; July 2020 to October 2021). We also evaluated the perceptions of patients who received SCM toward inpatient care quality, safety, and subjective satisfaction with inpatient care at discharge or when transferred to other wards. @*Results@#We assessed 525 patients. Compared with the passive SCM group (n=205), patients in the active SCM group (n=320) required co-management for a significantly shorter duration (p=0.012) and tended to have a shorter length of stay at the urology ward (p=0.062) and less frequent unplanned readmissions within 30 days of discharge (p=0.095) while triggering significantly fewer events of rapid response team activation (p=0.002). No differences were found in the proportion of patients transferred to the intensive care unit, in-hospital mortality rates, or inpatient care questionnaire scores. @*Conclusion@#Active surveillance and co-management of urology inpatients by medical hospitalists can improve the quality and efficacy of inpatient care without compromising subjective inpatient satisfaction.

2.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 620-640, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003066

ABSTRACT

We aimed to develop evidence-based recommendations for treating axial spondylarthritis (axSpA) in Korea. The development committee was constructed, key clinical questions were determined, and the evidence was searched through online databases including MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane, KoreaMed, and Kmbase. Systematic literature reviews were conducted, quality of evidence was determined, and draft recommendations were formulated according to the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluations methodology. Recommendations that reached 80% consensus among a voting panel were finalized. Three principles and 21 recommendations were determined. Recommendations 1 and 2 pertain to treatment strategies, regular disease status assessment, and rheumatologist-steered multidisciplinary management. Recommendations 3 and 4 strongly recommend patient education, exercise, and smoking cessation. Recommendations 5–12 address pharmacological treatment of active disease using nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, glucocorticoids, sulfasalazine, biologics, and Janus kinase inhibitors. Recommendations 13–16 address treatment in stable disease. We suggest against spa and acupuncture as therapies (Recommendation 17). Recommendations 18 and 19 pertain to total hip arthroplasty and spinal surgery. Monitoring of comorbidities and drug toxicities are recommended (Recommendations 20 and 21). Recommendations for axSpA treatment in a Korean context were developed based on comprehensive clinical questions and evidence. These are intended to guide best practice in the treatment of axSpA.

3.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 934-944, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003045

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is prevalent in older patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF); however, it is underrecognized. OSA is characterized by intermittent hypoxia (IH) and sleep fragmentation. In this study, we evaluated the effects of IH in an older mouse model of bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis. @*Methods@#Bleomycin-induced mice (C57BL/6, female) were randomly divided into four groups of young vs. old and room air (RA)-exposed vs. IH-exposed. Mice were exposed to RA or IH (20 cycles/h, FiO2 nadir 7 ± 0.5%, 8 h/day) for four weeks. The mice were sacrificed on day 28, and blood, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid, and lung tissue samples were obtained. @*Results@#The bleomycin-induced IH-exposed (EBI) older group showed more severe inflammation, fibrosis, and oxidative stress than the other groups. The levels of inflammatory cytokines in the serum and BAL fluid increased in the EBI group. Hydroxyproline levels in the lung tissue increased markedly in the EBI group. @*Conclusions@#This study demonstrates the possible harmful impact of OSA in an elderly mouse model of lung fibrosis. This study further suggests that older patients with IPF and OSA may be more of a concern than younger patients with IPF. Further research is required in this area.

4.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 140-144, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002982

ABSTRACT

Colonic interposition is the main procedure used in esophageal reconstruction. We report a rare case of simultaneous treatment of an anastomotic site stricture and a neoplasm in the interpositioned colon. A 69-year-old female visited our outpatient clinic with symptoms of progressive dysphagia for 1 year. At the age of 30 years, the patient underwent esophagectomy with retrosternal colonic interposition because of severe esophageal burns after chemical ingestion. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed stricture at the anastomosis site and a 10-mm flat elevated high-grade dysplasia in the interpositioned colon. First, through-the-scope balloon dilatation was performed for strictures. However, stenosis was observed during the second upper gastrointestinal endoscopy session.Therefore, a second session of through-the-scope balloon dilatation was performed, and simultaneously, endoscopic submucosal dissection was also successfully performed. After 2 months of follow-up, stenosis persisted; consequently, balloon dilatation was performed. No recurrence of neoplasm was confirmed endoscopically. Through-the-scope balloon dilatation of the stricture site and simultaneous endoscopic submucosal dissection of the neoplasm in the interpositioned colon were successfully performed.

5.
Soonchunhyang Medical Science ; : 10-14, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002841

ABSTRACT

Nodular histiocytic/mesothelial hyperplasia (NHMH) is a very rare condition. It is generally thought to be associated with repeated mechanical or chemical stimulation. This study reported NHMH with papillary growth pattern in the ovary following high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) treatment for uterine leiomyoma and adenomyosis. A 48-year-old female, who had a history of undergoing HIFU treatment 7 times for adenomyosis and leiomyoma of the uterus 6 months ago, was referred to the hospital. After the hysterectomy and right salpingo-oophorectomy, the patient was confirmedly diagnosed with nodular histiocytic and mesothelial hyperplasia with the papillary growth pattern of the right ovary. This benign reactive inflammatory lesion of the mesothelium mimicking malignancy must be kept in mind to avoid unnecessary treatment.

6.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 962-971, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002746

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of comorbid oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) on clinical features and neuropsychological profiles of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). @*Methods@#We divided the participants into three groups: the ADHD with ODD (ADHD/ODD) (n=36), ADHD without ODD (ADHDoODD) (n=307), and control groups (n=128). Parents of the participants completed the ADHD Rating Scale, Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS), Korean Personality Rating Scale for Children (K-PRC), and 10-item mania scale from the Parent General Behavior Inventory (P-GBI-10M). Neuropsychological profiles were assessed using the Advanced Test of Attention (ATA), Children’s Color Trails Test, and Stroop Color and Word Test. @*Results@#The ADHD/ODD group had more ADHD symptoms and functional impairments in relationships with teachers and peers, and self-esteem than the ADHDoODD group. The ADHD/ODD group scored higher in Social Communication (p<0.001) and Autistic Mannerisms (p<0.001) subscales of SRS, P-GBI-10M (p<0.001), and Delinquency (p<0.001) and Psychosis (p<0.001) subscales of K-PRC than the ADHDoODD group. Commission Errors (p<0.001) and Response-Time Variability (p<0.001) in Visual ATA and Commission Errors (p<0.001) in Auditory ATA were significantly higher in the ADHD/ODD group than in the ADHDoODD group. @*Conclusion@#The present study suggests that patients with ADHD with ODD experience more ADHD symptoms and neuropsychological deficits than those with ADHD without ODD. These results also imply that comorbid ODD is associated with greater social impairment and emotional dysregulation.

7.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 1061-1068, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002735

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to identify the factors affecting posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom remission prospectively through a 1-year follow-up of sexual assault (SA) victims. @*Methods@#A total 65 female SA victims who visited the crisis intervention center were included. Self-administered questionnaires regarding PTSD symptoms and PTSD related prognostic factors were conducted at both recruitment (T1) and 1 year after recruitment (T2). The multivariate analyses were used to determine the significant predictors of PTSD remissionon-remission state 1 year after SA. @*Results@#In logistic regression analysis, both anxiety and secondary victimization were identified as significant factors explaining the results on PTSD remissionon-remission state at T2 (Beck’s Anxiety Inventory [BAI], p=0.003; Secondary Victimization Questionnaire, p=0.024). In a linear mixed analysis, both depression and anxiety were found to be significant variables leading to changes in Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition from T1 to T2 (BAI, p<0.001; Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale, p<0.001). @*Conclusion@#Depression, anxiety symptoms, and secondary victimization after SA were associated with PTSD symptom non-remission 1 year after SA.

8.
Pediatric Emergency Medicine Journal ; : 99-103, 2023.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002670

ABSTRACT

Metofluthrin is a volatile pyrethroid insecticide. Despite being widely used as a safe household insecticide, it could cause severe systemic symptoms. A 19-month-old girl was taken to the emergency department after ingesting 1 mL of a mosquito repellent containing metofluthrin. After the arrival, the girl developed respiratory distress, which worsened progressively despite the administration of oxygen with nebulized salbutamol and budesonide. Additionally, she underwent application of high-flow nasal cannula, and administration of activated charcoal and systemic steroids. Her dyspnea gradually improved, and she was thus discharged on day 4 with oral prednisolone. All medications were discontinued 10 days after the discharge without any complication. Respiratory distress can develop after the ingestion of even a small amount of metofluthrin. Symptomatic and adjunctive steroid therapies can be effective therapeutic options.

9.
Natural Product Sciences ; : 31-37, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002530

ABSTRACT

In this study, we investigated the efficacy of Celtis choseniana Nakai (C. choseniana) as complementary herbal medicine to ameliorate androgenic alopecia (AGA). The effects of C. choseniana on AGA were evaluated using testosterone propionate-induced AGA mouse model and dihydrotestosterone-treated human hair follicle dermal papilla cells. In vivo, C. choseniana treatment deactivated androgen signaling by reducing the concentration of serum dihydrotestosterone level and expressions of 5α-reductase 2 and androgen receptor. Next, C. choseniana treatment increased the hair regrowth rate. Histological studies demonstrated that C. choseniana induced the anagen phase in testosterone propionate-induced AGA mouse model. Cellular proliferation was promoted by C. choseniana treatment via increasing the expression of proliferation factors, such as proliferating cell nuclear antigen and cyclin D1. Furthermore, C. choseniana treatment increased the expression of proteins related to the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. In addition, dickkopf-1, a Wnt inhibitor, was downregulated with C. choseniana treatment. Likewise, C. choseniana treatment promoted cellular proliferation in vitro. This study demonstrated the inhibitory effect of C. choseniana on androgen-induced AGA. Moreover, C. choseniana induced activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling, resulting in prolonged anagen and cellular proliferation. Therefore, we suggest that C. choseniana can be used as a therapeutic agent to alleviate AGA.

10.
Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine ; : 437-452, 2023.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001875

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The objective of this study was to investigate job stress, depression, insomnia, and fatigue of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) medical staff and analyze the differences according to their general characteristics. @*Methods@#The study enrolled 98 workers at emergency medical institutions with COVID-19 treatment facilities located in Gangwon Province. An online survey was used to protect personal information. Data were analyzed using the statistical program SPSS version 28. The differences in job stress, depression, insomnia, and fatigue of COVID-19 medical staff were verified by t-test and analysis of variance. @*Results@#Analyzing job stress revealed that the average of the lowest relationship conflict stress for each sub-factor was 2.22, the average stress for job demand was the highest at 3.78, and the average whole job stress was 3.04. Contrarily, the average for depression was 1.69, insomnia 2.96, and fatigue 3.07. No statistically significant differences were observed for job stress, depression, insomnia, and fatigue when considering the type of workplace, gender, and occupation of COVID-19 medical staff. However, statistically significant differences were obtained in some variables including age, family members, working period, COVID-19 confirmed, and COVID-19-related education experience. @*Conclusion@#In this study, differences in job-related stress, depression, insomnia, and fatigue were confirmed considering the general characteristics of COVID-19 medical staff. In particular, the results of this study are significant since the difference in perceived stress in performing COVID-19 tasks was identified through empirical analysis by considering sub-factors of job stress.

11.
Journal of the Korean Dysphagia Society ; (2): 77-106, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001658

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Dysphagia is a common clinical condition characterized by difficulty in swallowing. It is sub-classified into oropharyngeal dysphagia, which refers to problems in the mouth and pharynx, and esophageal dysphagia, which refers to problems in the esophageal body and esophagogastric junction. Dysphagia can have a significant negative impact one’s physical health and quality of life as its severity increases. Therefore, proper assessment and management of dysphagia are critical for improving swallowing function and preventing complications. Thus a guideline was developed to provide evidence-based recommendations for assessment and management in patients with dysphagia. @*Methods@#Nineteen key questions on dysphagia were developed. These questions dealt with various aspects of problems related to dysphagia, including assessment, management, and complications. A literature search for relevant articles was conducted using Pubmed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and one domestic database of KoreaMed, until April 2021. The level of evidence and recommendation grade were established according to the Grading of Recommendation Assessment, Development and Evaluation methodology. @*Results@#Early screening and assessment of videofluoroscopic swallowing were recommended for assessing the presence of dysphagia. Therapeutic methods, such as tongue and pharyngeal muscle strengthening exercises and neuromuscular electrical stimulation with swallowing therapy, were effective in improving swallowing function and quality of life in patients with dysphagia. Nutritional intervention and an oral care program were also recommended. @*Conclusion@#This guideline presents recommendations for the assessment and management of patients with oropharyngeal dysphagia, including rehabilitative strategies.

12.
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry ; : 258-267, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001616

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#This study aimed to compare the utility of the Psychoeducational Profile-Revised (PEP-R), Korean Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence, Fourth Edition (K-WPPSI-IV), and Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale, Second Edition (VABS-II) for evaluating developmental disabilities (DD) in preschool children. Additionally, we examined the correlations between the PEP-R, KWPPSI-IV, and VABS-II. @*Methods@#A total of 164 children aged 37–84 months were assessed. Children’s development was evaluated using the PEP-R, K-WPPSIIV, VABS-II, Preschool Receptive-Expressive Language Scale, and Korean Childhood Autism Rating Scale, Second Edition. @*Results@#Of the 164 children, 103 had typical development (TD) and 61 had DD. The mean of the PEP-R Developmental Quotient (DQ), K-WPPSI-IV Full-Scale Intelligence Quotient (FSIQ), and VABS-II Adaptive Behavior Composite (ABC) scores were significantly higher in the TD group than in the DD group (p<0.001). The estimated area under the curve of the PEP-R DQ, K-WPPSI-IV FSIQ, and VABS-II ABC scores was 0.953 (95% confidence interval [CI]=0.915–0.992), 0.955 (95% CI=0.914–0.996), and 0.961 (95% CI=0.932– 0.991), respectively, which did not indicate a statistically significant difference. The PEP-R DQ scores were positively correlated with the K-WPPSI-IV FSIQ (r=0.90, p<0.001) and VABS-II ABC scores (r=0.84, p<0.001). A strong correlation was observed between the KWPPSI-IV FSIQ and VABS-II ABC scores (r=0.89, p<0.001). @*Conclusion@#This study found that the PEP-R, K-WPPSI-IV, and VABS-II effectively distinguished DD from TD in preschool children, and no significant differences in utility were observed between them.

13.
Journal of Rheumatic Diseases ; : 151-169, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001531

ABSTRACT

We aimed to develop evidence-based recommendations for treating axial spondylarthritis (axSpA) in Korea. The development committee was constructed, key clinical questions were determined, and the evidence was searched through online databases including MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane, KoreaMed, and KMbase. Systematic literature reviews were conducted, quality of evidence was determined, and draft recommendations were formulated according to the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluations methodology. Recommendations that reached 80% consensus among a voting panel were finalized. Three principles and 21 recommendations were determined. Recommendations 1 and 2 pertain to treatment strategies, regular disease status assessment, and rheumatologist-steered multidisciplinary management. Recommendations 3 and 4 strongly recommend patient education, exercise, and smoking cessation. Recommendations 5~12 address pharmacological treatment of active disease using nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, glucocorticoids, sulfasalazine, biologics, and Janus kinase inhibitors.Recommendations 13~16 address treatment in stable disease. We suggest against spa and acupuncture as therapies (Recommendation 17). Recommendations 18 and 19 pertain to total hip arthroplasty and spinal surgery. Monitoring of comorbidities and drug toxicities are recommended (Recommendations 20 and 21). Recommendations for axSpA treatment in a Korean context were developed based on comprehensive clinical questions and evidence. These are intended to guide best practice in the treatment of axSpA.

14.
Journal of Nutrition and Health ; : 510-522, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001470

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#In this study, data from the 7th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2016–2018) were used to examine the relationship between the prevalence of anemia and dietary intake among adults according to household types. @*Methods@#Using data from a total of 10,646 subjects (4,428 men and 6,218 women), the general information, body measurements, results of biochemical examination, food and nutrient intake, and meal quality evaluation were analyzed according to the type of household. @*Results@#The prevalence of anemia was higher in men belonging to single-person households (SPH) than in those from multi-person households (MPH), while anemia prevalence was higher among the women in the MPH than in the SPH. The men in SPH had a lower total food intake of nuts, vegetables, fruits, fish, and seaweed than the men in MPH, and consumed higher quantities of milk, oil, and processed foods. The women from SPH had a lower intake of seaweed and a higher intake of milk than those belonging to the MPH. In addition, the men in SPH had a lower iron intake and iron intake per 1,000kcal than the men in MPH, lower iron intake through plant-based foods, and a lower iron intake ratio compared to the reference nutrient intake. The total Korean Healthy Eating Index (KHEI) score was lower in both men and women in SPH than in those from the MPH. When analyzing the relationship between household type and anemia risk after correcting for the confusion variable, the risk of anemia in men in SPH increased compared to those belonging to the MPH. However, women showed no such significant correlation. There was no relationship between the total KHEI score and the risk of anemia by gender and household type. @*Conclusion@#In conclusion, since anemia in men belonging to SPH is a matter of concern, it is essential to develop guidelines for anemia-related nutrition education for men living alone.

15.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e179-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001127

ABSTRACT

Background@#Exercise capacity is known to be an independent predictor of cardiovascular events and mortality. However, most previous studies were based on Western populations.Further study is warranted for Asian patients according to ethnic or national standards. We aimed to compare prognostic values of Korean and Western nomograms for exercise capacity in Korean patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). @*Methods@#In this retrospective cohort study, we enrolled 1,178 patients (62 ± 11 years;78% male) between June 2015 and May 2020, who were referred for cardiopulmonary exercise testing in our cardiac rehabilitation program. The median follow-up period was 1.6 years. Exercise capacity was measured in metabolic equivalents by direct gas exchange method during the treadmill test. The nomogram for exercise capacity from healthy Korean individuals and a previous landmark Western study was used to determine the percentage of predicted exercise capacity. The primary endpoint was the composite of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE; all-cause death, myocardial infarction, repeat revascularization, stroke and hospitalization for heart failure). @*Results@#A multivariate analysis showed that the risk of primary endpoint was more than double (hazard ratio [HR], 2.20; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.10–4.40) in the patients with lower exercise capacity (< 85% of predicted) by Korean nomogram. The lower exercise capacity was one of the strong independent predictors along with left ventricular ejection fraction, age, and level of hemoglobin. However, the lower exercise capacity by Western nomogram could not predict the primary endpoint (HR, 1.33; 95% CI, 0.85–2.10). @*Conclusion@#Korean patients with CVD with lower exercise capacity have higher risk of MACE.Considering inter-ethnic differences in cardiorespiratory fitness, the Korean nomogram provides more suitable reference values than the Western nomogram to determine lower exercise capacity and predict cardiovascular events in Korean patients with CVD.

16.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e267-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001084

ABSTRACT

Background@#This study aimed to determine whether serum uric acid (SUA) levels are associated with various indices of liver damage in the adult Korean population. @*Methods@#We used the Seventh (VII) Korean National Health and Nutritional Examination Surveys. Our study population comprised 6,007 men and 8,488 women. Levels of SUA were divided into four groups (≤ 5.3, 5.3–6.0, 6.0–7.0, and > 7.0 mg/dL for men and ≤ 4.0, 4.0–4.8, 4.8–6.0, and > 6.0 mg/dL for women). Elevated liver enzyme levels were defined as > 35 (men) and > 31 (women) IU/L for aspartate aminotransferase (AST), > 45 (men) and > 34 (women) IU/L for alanine aminotransferase (ALT). Hepatic steatosis index and fibrosis (FIB)-4 index was used to determine nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and liver FIB, respectively. Adjusted odds ratios (aORs) were calculated by logistic regression analysis for liver enzymes, NAFLD, and liver FIB, according to the SUA level. @*Results@#Among women, the 4.8–6.0 and > 6.0 mg/dL SUA groups showed higher ORs of elevated AST (aOR, 1.78 and 2.03; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.37–2.32 and 1.40–2.96, respectively; P 6.0 mg/dL SUA groups showed a higher ORs of ALT elevation (aOR, 1.35, 2.26, and 2.37; 95% CI, 1.02–1.79, 1.72–2.97, and 1.60–3.50, respectively; P 6.0 mg/dL SUA group showed higher OR of NAFLD status (aOR, 1.52; 95% CI, 1.06–2.19). Among men and women with NAFLD, hyperuricemia showed higher ORs of liver FIB (aOR, 2.25 and 1.89; 95% CI, 1.21–4.19 and 1.09–3.27, respectively) than the lowest level SUA group. @*Conclusion@#High SUA levels may be associated with elevated liver enzymes and NAFLD, mainly in women. Even in women with normal ALT levels, SUA levels may predict the NAFLD status. Hyperuricemia may predict advanced liver FIB in both men and women with NAFLD. Further studies investigating the causal effects of SUA on liver damage are required.

17.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e247-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001066

ABSTRACT

Background@#This study aimed to compare the occurrence of adverse events (AEs) and disease flares after vaccination against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and influenza in patients with autoimmune rheumatic diseases (ARDs). @*Methods@#Between November 2021 and March 2022, a survey was conducted among patients with ARD who received COVID-19 and influenza vaccinations. The questionnaire included 11 mandatory and closed-ended questions, and the following items were collected: medical history, immunization history, type of vaccine, patient-reported AEs, flare-up of the underlying disease after vaccination, and a confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 or influenza. We compared the occurrence of vaccine-related adverse reactions to the COVID-19 and influenza vaccines based on the survey results. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the factors affecting AEs or disease flares and to compare the post-vaccine response to mixed and matched vaccines. @*Results@#We analyzed 601 adults with ARD who received the COVID-19 vaccine, with a mean age of 49.6 years (80.5% female). A total of 255 participants (42.4%) received a complete course of primary vaccination, 342 (56.9%) completed the booster dose, and 132 (38.6%) received a mixed vaccine. The frequencies of AEs (188 [52.2%] vs. 21 [5.8%]; P< 0.001) and disease flares (58 [16.2%] vs. 5 [1.4%]; P < 0.001) after COVID-19 vaccination were significantly higher than those after influenza vaccination. In the risk factor analysis, previous allergic reaction to other vaccines (odds ratio, 1.95; confidence interval, 1.07–3.70; P = 0.034) was the only factor associated with the occurrence of AEs. There was no difference in the post-vaccine responses between the mixed and matched vaccines. @*Results@#We analyzed 601 adults with ARD who received the COVID-19 vaccine, with a mean age of 49.6 years (80.5% female). A total of 255 participants (42.4%) received a complete course of primary vaccination, 342 (56.9%) completed the booster dose, and 132 (38.6%) received a mixed vaccine. The frequencies of AEs (188 [52.2%] vs. 21 [5.8%]; P < 0.001) and disease flares (58 [16.2%] vs. 5 [1.4%]; P < 0.001) after COVID-19 vaccination were significantly higher than those after influenza vaccination. In the risk factor analysis, previous allergic reaction to other vaccines (odds ratio, 1.95; confidence interval, 1.07–3.70; P = 0.034) was the only factor associated with the occurrence of AEs. There was no difference in the post-vaccine responses between the mixed and matched vaccines. @*Conclusion@#The results of the survey of patients with ARD revealed that patient-reported AEs and underlying disease flares after receiving the COVID-19 vaccine were significantly higher than those after the influenza vaccine.

18.
Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society ; : 93-98, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001049

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study compared the functional and cosmetic treatment outcomes of intramedullary nailing (IM nail) and minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) for distal tibia shaft fractures. @*Materials and Methods@#Forty-eight patients with distal tibia shaft fractures (distal 1/3 of the diaphysis, AO/OTA [AO Foundation/ Orthopaedic Trauma Association]) 43 managed by an IM nail (n=30) or MIPO (n=18) who had minimum one-year follow-up were enrolled in this study. The radiological, functional, and cosmetic outcomes in the two groups were compared retrospectively. @*Results@#All patients achieved bone union. The mean bone union time of the IM nail and MIPO groups was 18.5 and 22.6 weeks, respectively (p=0.078). One patient in the MIPO group showed posterior angulation and valgus deformity of more than five degrees. The mean American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) functional scores were similar: 83.3 in the IM nail group and 84.6 in the MIPO group (p=0.289). The most salient difference was the cosmetic result of the surgical scar. The length of the scars around the ankle in the IM nail group was significantly smaller than the MIPO group (2.6 cm vs. 10.6 cm; p=0.035). The patient satisfaction survey of surgical scars revealed a significantly higher satisfaction rate in the IM nail group than in the MIPO group (93% vs. 44%; p<0.001). @*Conclusion@#This study showed that both treatment methods for distal tibia shaft fractures have similar therapeutic efficacy regarding the radiological and functional outcomes. On the other hand, the IM nail technique showed superior cosmetic outcomes than the MIPO technique. IM nails may be more recommended in patients with high demand for cosmetic results.

19.
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 388-399, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000909

ABSTRACT

Gastric cancer remains a significant global health concern, coercing the need for advancements in imaging techniques for ensuring accurate diagnosis and effective treatment planning. Artificial intelligence (AI) has emerged as a potent tool for gastric-cancer imaging, particularly for diagnostic imaging and body morphometry. This review article offers a comprehensive overview of the recent developments and applications of AI in gastric cancer imaging. We investigated the role of AI imaging in gastric cancer diagnosis and staging, showcasing its potential to enhance the accuracy and efficiency of these crucial aspects of patient management. Additionally, we explored the application of AI body morphometry specifically for assessing the clinical impact of gastrectomy. This aspect of AI utilization holds significant promise for understanding postoperative changes and optimizing patient outcomes. Furthermore, we examine the current state of AI techniques for the prognosis of patients with gastric cancer. These prognostic models leverage AI algorithms to predict long-term survival outcomes and assist clinicians in making informed treatment decisions.However, the implementation of AI techniques for gastric cancer imaging has several limitations. As AI continues to evolve, we hope to witness the translation of cutting-edge technologies into routine clinical practice, ultimately improving patient care and outcomes in the fight against gastric cancer.

20.
Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging ; : 56-61, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000617

ABSTRACT

Leiomyosarcoma (LMS) within the scrotum is a rare malignant genitourinary tumor in adults. Due to its rarity, a consensus on a clear approach to diagnosis and treatment guidelines has not yet been reached. We present a case of a paratesticular LMS in a 64-yearold man with a painless swelling of the right scrotum. Scrotal ultrasound and pelvic MRI were performed and revealed an extratesticular mass with a heterogeneous appearance.The patient underwent a right radical orchiectomy, and the mass was confirmed to be LMS, originating from the right spermatic cord. Preoperative diagnosis of LMS is challenging since it has overlapping clinical and imaging features with other sarcomas. MRI is a valuable imaging modality for the definitive characterization of the tumor. To provide timely and appropriate treatment, the correlation of the patient’s clinical information and imaging findings is necessary.

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