Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 411
Filter
1.
The Korean Journal of Orthodontics ; : 289-297, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003101

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the microimplant (MI) displacement pattern on treatment with a maxillary skeletal expander (MSE) using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). @*Methods@#Thirty-nine participants (12 males and 27 females; mean age, 18.2 ± 4.2 years) were treated successfully with the MSE II appliance. Their pre- and post-expansion CBCT data were superimposed. The pre- and post-expansion anterior and posterior inter-MI angles, neck and apical inter-MI distance, plate angle, palatal bone thickness at the MI positions, and suture opening at the MI positions were measured and compared. @*Results@#The jackscrew plate was slightly bent in both anterior and posterior areas. There was no significant difference in the extent of suture opening between the anterior and posterior MIs (P > 0.05). The posterior MI to hemiplate line was greater than that anteriorly (P 0.01). @*Conclusions@#In the coronal plane, the angulation between the anterior MIs in relation to the jackscrew plate was greater than that between the posterior MIs owing to the differential palatal bone thickness.

2.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 248-253, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002964

ABSTRACT

Achalasia, a rare motility disorder of the esophagus, is generally accepted as a premalignant disorder. This paper presents the case of a 72-year-old male with achalasia and synchronous superficial esophageal cancer who experienced dysphagia symptoms for five years. As achalasia is associated with an increased risk of esophageal cancer, both can be treated simultaneously if detected at the time of diagnosis. Achalasia and synchronous esophageal cancer are rarely detected and treated endoscopically. This paper reports a case of concurrent successful treatment.

3.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 254-260, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002963

ABSTRACT

Colorectal strictures are uncommon in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). An extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is rarely involved in the colon but may be associated with inflammatory bowel diseases. A 41-year-old female with a six-year history of UC presented with a severe stricture of the sigmoid colon that prevented the passage of a colonoscope. A histological examination revealed non-specific inflammation and fibrosis without dysplasia or cancer.Despite conventional treatment, including mesalazine and azathioprine for one year after that visit, the stricture persisted. In addition, diffuse, edematous exudative inflammation and multiple shallow ulcers were observed in the distal rectum, revealing a MALT lymphoma testing positive for CD20, CD43, CD5, and Bcl-2, but negative for CD3, CD10, CD23, and cyclin-D1. Four weekly doses of rituximab were administered. Follow-up colonoscopy performed one month after treatment revealed slight improvement in the rectal lesion without remnant histological evidence of a MALT lymphoma. In addition, the stricture showed marked improvement, and the colonoscope could pass easily through the stricture site. This is the first case report on an improvement of a severe sigmoid colon stricture in a patient with UC after rituximab treatment for a concomitant rectal MALT lymphoma.

4.
Neonatal Medicine ; : 108-112, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002550

ABSTRACT

Teratomas are the most common congenital tumors and contain cells from the ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm. They are mainly located in the central axis of the body. The tumors are most commonly found in the sacrococcygeal region, followed by the gonadal site and mediastinum, and rarely in the head and neck. Teratomas can cause various clinical symptoms depending on the location of the mass and may result in feeding difficulties or respiratory distress. We present a case of oropharyngeal teratoma accompanied by respiratory distress and persistent feeding difficulties, leading to compression of the temporomandibular joint, which in turn caused subluxation.

5.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 613-619, 2023.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001776

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To explore the subjective eye health status of Korean adolescents by the extent of Internet use in 2009-2010 and smartphone use in 2020. @*Methods@#We secondarily analyzed the results of the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Survey performed by the Korean Disease Control and Prevention Agency that enrolled Korean adolescents aged 12-18 years. Changes in internet use time from 2009 to 2019 and smartphone use in 2020 were examined. Questionnaires exploring subjective eye health were administered in 2009, 2010, and 2020. We performed complex logistic regression analysis. @*Results@#A total of 748,490 subjects were enrolled. Korean adolescents used the Internet for an average of 2.48 hours (h) on weekdays and 4.06 h on weekends in 2019, thus significantly more than the 2009 averages of 1.93 h on weekdays and 2.96 h on weekends (both p < 0.001). In 2009 and 2010, the average internet use time on weekends significantly and positively correlated with subjective eye problems (odds ratio = 1.161, p < 0.001). The average smartphone use time was 4.72 h on weekdays and 6.56 h on weekends in 2020. In that year, the average smartphone use time on weekends (odds ratio = 1.049, p < 0.001) and smartphone overdependence (odds ratio = 8.636, p < 0.001) significantly and positively correlated with the presence of subjective health problems. @*Conclusions@#Internet and smartphone use time on weekends affect subjective eye health.

6.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e266-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001225

ABSTRACT

Background@#The Gout Impact Scale (GIS), part of the Gout Assessment Questionnaire 2.0, measures gout-specific health-related quality of life (HRQOL). This study aimed to translate the GIS into Korean and validate the Korean version (K-GIS) using generic HRQOL measures. @*Methods@#The GIS was translated into Korean and back-translated into English. We asked patients aged 18 years or older who met the 2015 gout classification criteria to fill out the questionnaires (from January 2022 to June 2022); the K-GIS (5 scales [0–100 scores each]), along with the Korean version of Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) and EuroQol-5 dimension (EQ-5D). We investigated the internal consistency, construct validity, and discriminative validity for gout characteristics of K-GIS. The K-GIS form was administrated to patients 4 weeks later to assess the test-retest reliability using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). @*Results@#One hundred patients completed the questionnaire. The mean ± standard deviation age of the patients was 53.0 ± 15.1 years, and 99.0% of the patients were men. All scales had high degree of internal consistency (Cronbach’s α = 0.59 to 0.96) and test-retest reliability (n = 18, ICC = 0.83 to 0.94, all P 6 mg/dL, frequent gout flares in the past year, and fewer comorbidities. In contrast, neither the HAQ nor the EQ-5D could discern these subsets of patients. @*Conclusion@#The K-GIS is a reliable and valid HRQOL measure for patients with gout. Higher K-GIS scores were associated with clinical characteristics leading to unfavorable outcomes, which were not demonstrated by the HAQ and EQ-5D.

7.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 16-24, 2023.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967841

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We evaluated the difference in clinical outcome according to the use of double-needle stabilizer in flanged intrascleral fixation of intraocular lens (IOL).Method: We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 44 patients (44 eyes) who underwent flanged intrascleral fixation of IOL. Groups 1 and 2 (respectively) underwent surgery that did not and did employ a double-needle stabilizer. We evaluated the best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), intraocular pressure, spherical equivalent (SE), refractive prediction error (RPE), IOL tilt and decentration, and other complications. @*Results@#The postoperative BCVA, SE, and RPE did not differ between the two groups (p = 0.672, p = 0.131, p = 0.247). IOL tilt was significantly less in group 2 than in group 1 (p = 0.038, p = 0.015 [horizontal and vertical]) (3.96 ± 2.01° horizontally and 4.17 ± 2.07° vertically in group 1; 2.59 ± 2.02° horizontally and 2.50 ± 1.92° vertically in group 2). IOL decentration was also significantly less in group 2 than in group 1 (p = 0.001, p = 0.004 [horizontal and vertical]) (0.44 ± 0.21 mm horizontally and 0.45 ± 0.20 mm vertically in group 1; 0.25 ± 0.09 mm horizontally and 0.27 ± 0.13 mm vertically in group 2). @*Conclusions@#Use of a double-needle stabilizer during flanged intrascleral fixation of IOL significantly reduced postoperative IOL tilt and decentration, and may thus improve postoperative visual quality.

8.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 212-217, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916890

ABSTRACT

An epidermoid cyst is a benign tumor found anywhere in the body. However, the occurrence of epidermoid cysts in the thymus is extremely rare, with only six cases reported worldwide. The correct diagnosis of thymic epidermoid cysts is often difficult due to the unusual location and nonspecific imaging findings. Herein, we present a case of a thymic epidermoid cyst in a 37-year-old female with clinical information and chest CT findings. Further, we have reviewed previous literature reports describing imaging findings of thymic epidermoid cysts.

9.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 35-43, 2022.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916454

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We used optical coherence tomography angiography to analyze the macular microvasculature of normal eyes of healthy Korean children; we derived normative data stratified by age. @*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 68 children (126 eyes) aged from 3 to 15 years. Optical coherence tomography angiography was performed on 3-mm2 regions centered on the fovea. The vascular densities of the superficial and deep capillary plexuses and the foveal avascular zone were determined, and analyzed by age. We sought correlations between age, gender, axial length, and the spherical equivalent. @*Results@#The foveal, superficial capillary plexus vessel densities were 17.41 ± 5.41, 20.53 ± 4.76, 21.78 ± 5.73, and 22.95 ± 3.91% in children aged 3-5, 6-8, 9-11, and 12-15 years, respectively. The vessel densities of the foveal deep capillary plexus were 30.20 ± 6.59, 34.54 ± 7.16, 35.81 ± 6.02, and 37.38 ± 5.16% in those aged 3-5, 6-8, 9-11, and 12-15 years, respectively. Significant differences by age were apparent (p = 0.002, p < 0.001, respectively). The foveal vessel densities of the superficial and deep capillary plexuses were positively correlated with axial length (R2 = 0.153, p < 0.001; R2 = 0.158, p < 0.001, respectively) and the foveal avascular zone area was negatively correlated with axial length (R2 = 0.085, p < 0.001). @*Conclusions@#The vessel densities of the superficial and deep capillary plexuses measured via optical coherence tomography angiography in normal eyes of healthy Korean children differed by age, and correlated significantly with axial length.

10.
Korean Journal of Neurotrauma ; : 367-373, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969027

ABSTRACT

Autonomic dysreflexia is suspected when patients with spinal cord injury report headaches and hypertension. A 52-year-old man was diagnosed with C5-C6-C7 cervical spinal cord injury, traumatic subdural hemorrhage, intracerebral hemorrhage, and skull fracture. The patient underwent surgery at another hospital. The patient was hospitalized for comprehensive rehabilitation after 7 months. The assessment revealed an American Spinal Cord Injury Association Impairment Scale grade A at the C7 level due to complete spinal cord damage. Evaluation of muscle weakness that occurred after experiencing severe headache and hypertension revealed an intracerebral hemorrhage caused by cerebral venous sinus thrombosis. The patient showed improvement in muscle strength over time and was monitored for warfarin administration. Furthermore, cerebral venous sinus thrombosis should be considered as a differential diagnosis when patients with spinal cord injury who have experienced polytrauma complain of headache and hypertension, as they share clinical symptoms with autonomic dysreflexia. Additional evaluations, such as imaging examinations, should be conducted, as necessary.

11.
Kosin Medical Journal ; : 320-341, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968292

ABSTRACT

Background@#Radiotherapy improves overall survival in patients with abdominopelvic malignancies. However, the toxic effects of radiation restrict the maximum dose that can be given, and there are no well-established preventive or therapeutic strategies. This study was conducted to evaluate whether rebamipide, sucralfate, and rifaximin have a suppressive effect on acute ionizing radiation (IR)-induced inflammation in the intestines of mice. @*Methods@#Thirty-six ICR mice were divided into a vehicle-treated group with sham irradiation; a vehicle-treated group with irradiation; rebamipide, sucralfate, or rifaximin-treated groups with irradiation; and a rebamipide-treated group with sham irradiation. The expression of proinflammatory, anti-inflammatory, proapoptotic, and antiapoptotic factors was investigated. @*Results@#The downregulated expression of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase by IR was attenuated by all drugs (p<0.05). All drugs suppressed the IR-induced activation of NF-κB and phosphorylation of MAPKs (p<0.05) and attenuated the production of TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 in response to IR (p<0.05). The administration of all drugs markedly attenuated IR-induced increases in iNOS, COX-2, and PGE2 (p<0.05), as well as [Ca2+] oscillations that were increased by IR. The expression of proapoptotic genes and antiapoptotic genes was suppressed and induced, respectively, by all drugs. IR treatment increased the release of cytochrome C, which was attenuated by all drugs (p<0.05). All drug treatments resulted in a significant decrease in the expression of caspase-3 and caspase-7 (p<0.05), which were both upregulated following IR treatment. @*Conclusions@#The administration of rebamipide, sucralfate, or rifaximin prior to radiation therapy may prevent or attenuate acute radiation-induced enterocolitis.

12.
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine ; : 303-311, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966277

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the relationship between femoral muscle volume (FMV) and physiological outcomes after trans-femoral amputations (TFAs) affecting overall locomotor function in patients. @*Methods@#Seven individuals who underwent TFA and had been using a prosthesis participated in this cross-sectional study. Gait and balance were assessed using clinical tests, such as 10-m walk test, 6-minute walk test, Berg Balance Scale, and automatic balance system. Respiratory gas analysis was performed to check oxygen consumption rate. Five participants were evaluated for bilateral FMV by MR imaging and FMV was reconstructed using three-dimentional remodeling. @*Results@#In five participants, significant differences were found between the non-involved and involved sides in femur length, total FMV, and functional muscle volume (all p<0.01) in all groups except for the hip adductor volume. The %mean difference between the non-involved and involved sides was 30% for femur length, 52.55% for hip flexor volume, 26.55% for hip adductor volume, 51.86% for hip extensor volume, and 60.21% for knee extensor volume. The hip flexor volume to hip extensor volume ratio in the involved limb and oxygen consumption rate during comfortable gait were negatively correlated (r=-0.96, p=0.04). @*Conclusion@#In individuals who underwent unilateral TFA, hip girdle muscle imbalance in the involved limbs may be associated with oxygen consumption rate while using a prosthesis.

13.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 460-467, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927012

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Using a nationwide cohort, we investigated the cancer risk in Korean patients with gout. @*Methods@#Data were obtained from the Korean National Health Insurance Service Database. Patients with gout were defined as those aged ≥ 20 years who were diagnosed with gout and received anti-gout medication (allopurinol, colchicine, and benzbromarone) between 2008 and 2010. Patients with nail disorders were randomly assigned to a control group (1:1 ratio) after frequency matching for age and sex. Cancer incidence was then investigated between 2012 and 2018. Cox proportional hazard regression analysis was used to investigate the association between gout and cancer after adjusting for concomitant diseases. @*Results@#This study included 179,930 patients with gout and an equal number of matched controls. The incidence of overall cancer was higher in patients with gout than in controls (incidence rate ratio, 1.08). Cox proportional hazards regression analysis showed that gout was associated with a hazard ratio of 1.053 (95% confidence interval ,1.031 to 1.077) after adjusting for concomitant diseases. @*Conclusions@#Gout was associated with a significantly high risk of cancer, especially esophageal, stomach, colon, liver, pancreatic, lung, ovarian, renal, and bladder cancers.

14.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 304-312, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926999

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Helicobacter pylori infection is presumably associated with iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia (IDA). This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between H. pylori infection and the decline in iron stores in non-elderly adults during their health check-ups. @*Methods@#We identified a total of 1,069 subjects who were tested for iron, ferritin, and total iron-binding capacity during their health check-ups, from January 2016 to May 2017. Of these, subjects who underwent endoscopy via rapid urease test and those aged 65 years or below were finally enrolled. @*Results@#Overall, 281 subjects were enrolled, and 187 patients (66.5%) tested positive for H. pylori. The mean age was 36.1 years (range, 22 to 65), and 176 subjects (62.6%) were male. The mean levels of hemoglobin (14.1 ± 1.7 g/dL vs. 14.6 ± 1.4 g/dL, p = 0.019) and ferritin (121.7 ± 106.9 ng/mL vs. 151.8 ± 107.8 ng/mL, p = 0.027) in the H. pylori-positive group were significantly lower than those in the H. pylori-negative group. Iron deficiency (ferritin < 30 ng/mL) was more common in patients with H. pylori infection (p = 0.002). There was no significant difference in anemia (hemoglobin < 13 g/dL in men, < 12 g/dL in women) or IDA (anemia, ferritin < 10 ng/mL, and transferrin saturation < 16%) with H. pylori. Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that female sex (odds ratio, 197.559; 95% confidence interval, 26.461 to 1,475.015) and H. pylori infection (odds ratio, 3.033; 95% confidence interval, 1.216 to 7.567) were factors associated with iron deficiency. @*Conclusions@#H. pylori infection is associated with iron deficiency, suggesting a decline in iron stores among infected non-elderly adults.

15.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 169-173, 2022.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926718

ABSTRACT

The Good’s syndrome is a rare immunodeficiency disease characterized by thymoma and hypogammaglobulinemia. The most common cause of infection in patients with Good’s syndrome is the recurrent sinopulmonary infection. One may assume that there could be an unknown immunocompromising condition such as Good’s syndrome in cases of chronic rhinosinusitis refractory to treatment. We experienced a patient with Good’s syndrome, presenting with chronic rhinosinusitis refractory to treatment. We report this case with a brief review of the literature.

16.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e88-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925934

ABSTRACT

Nasopharyngeal swabs have been widely to prevent the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Nasopharyngeal COVID-19 testing is a generally safe and well-tolerated procedure, but numerous complications have been reported in the media. Therefore, the present study aimed to review and document adverse events and suggest procedural references to minimize preventable but often underestimated risks. A total of 27 articles were selected for the review of 842 related documents in PubMed, Embase, and KoreaMed. The complications related to nasopharyngeal COVID-19 testing were reported to be rarely happened, ranging from 0.0012 to 0.026%. Frequently documented adverse events were retained swabs, epistaxis, and cerebrospinal fluid leakage, often associated with high-risk factors, including severe septal deviations, pre-existing skull base defects, and previous sinus or transsphenoidal pituitary surgery. Appropriate techniques based on sufficient anatomical knowledge are mandatory for clinicians to perform nasopharyngeal COVID-19 testing. The nasal floor can be predicted by the line between the nostril and external ear canal. For safe testing, the angle of swab insertion in the nasal passage should remain within 30° of the nasal floor. The swab was gently inserted along the nasal septum just above the nasal floor to the nasopharynx and remained on the nasopharynx for several seconds before removal. Forceful insertion should be attempted, and alternative examinations should be considered, especially in vulnerable patients. In conclusion, patients and clinicians should be aware of rare but possible complications and associated highrisk factors. The suggested procedural pearls enable more comfortable and safe nasopharyngeal COVID-19 testing for both clinicians and patients.

17.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 386-393, 2022.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938733

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#We evaluated the symptom improvement, surgical outcomes and post-operative complications of the figure of 8 anchoring suture technique using polycaprolactone (PCL) nasal mesh for the treatment of caudal septal subluxation.Subjects and Method We conducted a retrospective study of patients who underwent between March 2020 and March 2021 endonasal septoplasty using the figure of 8 anchoring suture technique and a PCL nasal mesh as a protective supporting graft. Fourteen patients were divided into two groups, the allergic and non-allergic rhinitis group. Symptom improvements were assessed using the Nasal Obstruction Symptoms Evaluation (NOSE) scores and visual analog scale (VAS) scores for epistaxis and headache. Post-operative patient-reported subjective changes in nasal obstruction were also recorded. All evaluations were conducted one to four months post-operatively. @*Results@#Post-operative endoscopic examination revealed that all patients had their septum straightened. The mean post-operative NOSE scores in overall and each item were significantly lower than the mean NOSE scores in the pre-operative period (p<0.05). The mean post-operative NOSE scores for patients both with and without allergic rhinitis were also significantly decreased compared to those in the pre-operative period (p<0.05). A decrease in VAS scores was significant (p=0.008) for headache but not for epistaxis (p=0.141). All patients reported improvement of subjective nasal obstruction post-operatively. @*Conclusion@#The use of figure of 8 anchoring suture technique with a PCL nasal mesh as a protective and supportive graft was proven to be a successful method for correcting caudal septal subluxation.

18.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 626-634, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920259

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#The pathogenesis of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL), an otologic emergency disease, remains unclear. Several studies have attempted to illustrate the association between cytokines and ISSNHL. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic significance of various cytokines in patients with ISSNHL. Subjects and Method In this case-control study, a total of 55 patients with ISSNHL underwent treatment with oral prednisolone for 2 weeks. Serum cytokine levels, including interleukins (ILs) (IL-1a, IL-1b, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12), and tumor necrosis factors (TNF-α and TNF-β), were measured using human cytokine panels at first visit. Patient characteristics such as age, gender, the status of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, vertigo, time from onset to visit, and initial hearing levels were also evaluated. @*Results@#Serum levels of cytokines were correlated with the prognosis of ISSNHL patients. IL-4 ≥0.225 (pg/mL) and TNF-α ≥5.155 (pg/mL) were significantly associated with poor therapeutic outcomes (OR=44.317, p=0.015 and OR=269.465, p=0.006, respectively). In addition, age and initial hearing levels were also significant prognostic factors. @*Conclusion@#Patients’ age, initial hearing levels, and serum levels of IL-4 and TNF-α prior to treatment are associated with hearing recovery and can be used as prognostic factors for patients with ISSNHL.

19.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 792-799, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920245

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#One of the most common complaint of tinnitus patients has been sleep disorder. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between sleep disorder and tinnitus.Subjects and Method Patients with tinnitus from July 2018 till August 2019 were enrolled. Subjects who had any acute/chronic disease in the inner and middle ear or external auditory canal, sleep apnea and had more than 3 caffeinated beverages a day was excluded. Study participants completed Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the tinnitus symptom questionnaire, tinnitus handicap inventory (THI), Pittsburg Sleep Quality Inventory (PSQI), pure tone audiometry, a full otologic examination and an interview on past medical history. @*Results@#THI was correlated with PSQI global score and BDI. The PSQI subscale most relevant to THI was PSQI 1 (subjective sleep quality). Hearing impairment was correlated with the THI functional subscale. BDI was individually related to PSQI. @*Conclusion@#Tinnitus is found to be highly related to sleep disorder, suggesting a common pathway of aggravation and treatment target. Tinnitus is also more affected by sleep disorder than by depression. A further examination and treatment of comorbid sleep disorder in tinnitus patients is recommended.

20.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 861-867, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920173

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Self-reported hearing levels determined by self-report questionnaires are not always correlated with the audiometric hearing level. It is necessary to ascertain the subjectively perceived normal hearing threshold to determine the need for hearing aids at the appropriate time. The objective is to identify the level of correlation between the self-reported hearing level and the audiometric hearing level and ascertain the subjectively perceived normal hearing threshold for each age group.Subjects and Method This cross-sectional study, using the data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey V, looked at participants with hearing loss who were aged ≥40 years. Pure tone audiometry was conducted bilaterally. Self-reported hearing level was ascertained via survey enquiring about hearing loss. The level of correlation between self-reported hearing level and audiometric hearing level, age-specific patterns of hear-ing self-evaluation and subjectively perceived normal hearing values at which participants complained of hearing loss were main outcomes. @*Results@#Mean audiometric thresholds (MATs) increased with the age and degree of self-reported hearing level. The accuracy of self-reported hearing level compared to the audiometric threshold decreased with age both in the better-ear and worse-ear groups. Younger participants tended to overestimate their hearing impairment, while older participants tended to underestimate it. Subjectively perceived normal hearing thresholds increased with age and they were very close to the MATs for each age group. @*Conclusion@#Results can be useful for devising different age-group specific pure tone audi-ometry-based diagnostic criteria for self-reported hearing loss, which can be used to determine the need for hearing aid in a timely manner.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL