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1.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 237-244, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999455

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Sepsis is one of the most common causes of death after surgery. Several conventional scoring systems have been developed to predict the outcome of sepsis; however, their predictive power is insufficient. The present study applies explainable machine-learning algorithms to improve the accuracy of predicting postoperative mortality in patients with sepsis caused by peritonitis. @*Methods@#We performed a retrospective analysis of data from demographic, clinical, and laboratory analyses, including the delta neutrophil index (DNI), WBC and neutrophil counts, and CRP level. Laboratory data were measured before surgery, 12–36 hours after surgery, and 60–84 hours after surgery. The primary study output was the probability of mortality.The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUCs) of several machine-learning algorithms using the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) and Simplified Acute Physiology Score (SAPS) 3 models were compared.‘SHapley Additive exPlanations’ values were used to indicate the direction of the relationship between a variable and mortality. @*Results@#The CatBoost model yielded the highest AUC (0.933) for mortality compared to SAPS3 and SOFA (0.860 and 0.867, respectively). Increased DNI on day 3, septic shock, use of norepinephrine therapy, and increased international normalized ratio on day 3 had the greatest impact on the model’s prediction of mortality. @*Conclusion@#Machine-learning algorithms increase the accuracy of predicting postoperative mortality in patients with sepsis caused by peritonitis.

2.
Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons ; : 47-50, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874969

ABSTRACT

Untreated adult or elderly cleft lip and palate patients are rarely seen, but studies on delayed primary palatal closure have been performed in the less developed Asian and African countries, where access to medical care is difficult. A 64-year-old woman visited our clinic with untreated cleft palate with a 40×20-mm-wide defect in the medial palate. Two-flap palatoplasty under general anesthesia was performed to close the cleft palate. After 1 month, the result was favorable without any complications including oronasal fistula. Cleft palate primary repair in an elderly patient is rare and has some surgical problems that are associated with a wide range of defects, but good results can be obtained if surgery is performed well with appropriate considerations.

3.
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery ; : 5-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918491

ABSTRACT

Background@#Stability of the grafted bone volume is one of the important factors to the success of alveolar bone grafts. For this, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) or fibrin sealant is mixed with the bone graft material. Bio-Oss® is a protein-free bovine mineral commonly used in bone graft procedures. The grafting particles are commonly combined with a standard fibrin sealant (Tisseel® ) to fabricate a plastic implantable product. The purpose of this experiment was to evaluate the efficacy of fibrin sealant (Tisseel® ) in bone regeneration performance in a rabbit maxillary sinus model. @*Methods@#A total of five 3.5 kg weight New Zealand white rabbits were used for the study. After elevating the sinus membrane in both maxillary sinus cavities, Bio-Oss® mixed with normal saline (group 1) was filled into the right side, and Tisseel® mixed Bio-Oss® (group 2) was inserted into the other side. The bone mineral density and bone volume were analyzed with microscopic computed tomography (micro-CT) and histomorphometric 12 weeks after application. @*Results@#Histologically, new bone formation rate was 14.8%, and grafted bone rate was 70.5% in group 1. In group 2, they were 18.5% and 60.4%, respectively. According to micro-CT analysis, bone mineral density (mg/cm3 , BMD) was 2.5% larger in group 1. @*Conclusions@#The findings from this study suggest that, although the difference in the bone formation between group 1 and group 2 appears to be insignificant, group 2 had an advantage in using smaller amount of bone substances to achieve the reliable bone formation.

4.
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 264-273, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716708

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the current status of adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) regimens in Korea and the difference in efficacy of AC administered by surgical and medical oncologists in patients with stage II or III gastric cancers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective observational study among 1,049 patients who underwent curative resection and received AC for stage II and III gastric cancers between February 2012 and December 2013 at 29 tertiary referral university hospitals in Korea. To minimize the influence of potential confounders on selection bias, propensity score matching (PSM) was used based on binary logistic regression analysis. The 3-year disease-free survival (DFS) rates were compared between patients who received AC administered by medical oncologists or surgical oncologists. RESULTS: Between February 2012 and December 2013 in Korea, the most commonly prescribed AC by medical oncologists was tegafur/gimeracil/oteracil (S-1, 47.72%), followed by capecitabine with oxaliplatin (XELOX, 16.33%). After performing PSM, surgical oncologists (82.74%) completed AC as planned more often than medical oncologists (75.9%), with statistical significance (P=0.036). No difference in the 3-year DFS rates of stage II (P=0.567) or stage III (P=0.545) gastric cancer was found between the medical and surgical oncologist groups. CONCLUSIONS: S-1 monotherapy and XELOX are a main stay of AC, regardless of whether the prescribing physician is a medical or surgical oncologist. The better compliance with AC by surgical oncologists is a valid reason to advocate that surgical oncologists perform the treatment of AC for stage II or III gastric cancers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Capecitabine , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Compliance , Disease-Free Survival , Hospitals, University , Korea , Logistic Models , Observational Study , Propensity Score , Referral and Consultation , Retrospective Studies , Selection Bias , Stomach Neoplasms
5.
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery ; : 35-2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741546

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: After the resection at the mandibular site involving oral cancer, free vascularized fibular graft, a type of vascularized autograft, is often used for the mandibular reconstruction. Titanium mesh (T-mesh) and particulate cancellous bone and marrow (PCBM), however, a type of non-vascularized autograft, can also be used for the reconstruction. With the T-mesh applied even in the chin and angle areas, an aesthetic contour with adequate strength and stable fixation can be achieved, and the pores of the mesh will allow the rapid revascularization of the bone graft site. Especially, this technique does not require microvascular training; as such, the surgery time can be shortened. This advantage allows older patients to undergo the reconstructive surgery. CASE PRESENTATION: Reported in this article are two cases of mandibular reconstruction using the ready-made type and custom-made type T-mesh, respectively, after mandibular resection. We had operated double blind peer-review process. A 79-year-old female patient visited the authors’ clinic with gingival swelling and pain on the left mandibular region. After wide excision and segmental mandibulectomy, a pectoralis major myocutaneous flap was used to cover the intraoral defect. Fourteen months postoperatively, reconstruction using a ready-made type T-mesh (Striker-Leibinger, Freibrug, Germany) and iliac PCBM was done to repair the mandible left body defect. Another 62-year-old female patient visited the authors’ clinic with pain on the right mandibular region. After wide excision and segmental mandibulectomy on the mandibular squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), reconstruction was done with a reconstruction plate and a right fibula free flap. Sixteen months postoperatively, reconstruction using a custom-made type T-mesh and iliac PCBM was done to repair the mandibular defect after the failure of the fibula free flap. The CAD-CAM T-mesh was made prior to the operation. CONCLUSIONS: In both cases, sufficient new-bone formation was observed in terms of volume and strength. In the CAD-CAM custom-made type T-mesh case, especially, it was much easier to fix screws onto the adjacent mandible, and after the removal of the mesh, the appearance of both patients improved, and the neo-mandibular body showed adequate bony volume for implant or prosthetic restoration.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Autografts , Bone Marrow , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Chin , Computer-Aided Design , Fibula , Free Tissue Flaps , Mandible , Mandibular Osteotomy , Mandibular Reconstruction , Mouth Neoplasms , Myocutaneous Flap , Titanium , Transplants
6.
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery ; : 41-2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741540

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Free fibular flap is one of the most useful methods in the hard tissue reconstruction of the maxilla-mandible. Free fibular flap presents some advantages in which the reconstruction of both soft and hard tissues can be done at the same time. It also provides a safe and successful bone graft for the reconstruction, along with a low rate of complications. Despite these advantages and the rarity of a postoperative complication, particularly in oral and maxillofacial surgery procedures, a prolonged operation might exhibit some complications related with rhabdomyolysis. We experienced the rare event of rhabdomyolysis after oral cancer surgery. CASE PRESENTATION: In this article, we report the case of a patient who developed rhabdomyolysis after undergoing free fibular flap surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the advantages of the free fibular flap operation, clinicians must be aware of the risk of complications because there are multiple factors that could result in rhabdomyolysis, such as duration of operation, position of the subject, and pre-existing conditions of diabetes and hypertension. Once the diagnosis of rhabdomyolysis is confirmed, a prompt treatment plan should be made and applied as soon as possible. This will increase the chance of a full recovery for the patient who is exhibiting symptoms of rhabdomyolysis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diagnosis , Hypertension , Mandibular Reconstruction , Mouth Neoplasms , Postoperative Complications , Preexisting Condition Coverage , Renal Insufficiency , Rhabdomyolysis , Surgery, Oral , Transplants
7.
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society ; : 219-226, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-15810

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinicopathologic features and prognosis in patients with computed tomography (CT) findings of ascites, with a focus on the correlation with peritoneal carcinomatosis. METHODS: This study included a total of 157 patients who underwent surgery for advanced gastric cancer from 2003 to 2008 at the Department of Surgery, Hallym University Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Seoul, Korea, which were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: Fourteen patients (8.9%) presented ascites on their CT scan. Among them, 10 patients had peritoneal carcinomatosis, and showed significant difference with CT ascites positive group in the incidence of peritoneal carcinomatosis. The presence of CT ascites was significantly correlated with pathologic T stage, tumor size, histologic type, CT T and N stages, CT peritoneal nodularity and curability of surgery, statistically. The prognosis of CT ascites positive group was much poorer in the total advanced gastric cancer patients (P < 0.001), as well as in patients with pathologic T4 (P = 0.002). Also in patients without peritoneal carcinomatosis, CT ascites positive subgroup tended to have a worse prognosis than CT ascites negative subgroup (P = 0.086). Tumor size, CT T and N stages and the presence of CT peritoneal nodularity and ascites influenced the prognosis significantly; among which, if a tumor size larger than 5 cm, CT T4 stage and the presence of CT ascites were identified as independent prognostic factors. CONCLUSION: The presence of ascites was closely associated with peritoneal metastasis, and was the most significant independent prognostic factor in advanced gastric cancer in the present study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma , Ascites , Carcinoma , Heart , Incidence , Korea , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis , Stomach , Stomach Neoplasms
8.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 258-263, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-212480

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) staging is an useful system to assess the prognosis of any solid cancer. As new TNM staging classification of 7th stomach cancer was revised in 2009, we evaluated the prognostic predictability of the 7th International Union Against Cancer/American Joint Committee on Cancer (UICC/AJCC) TNM classification compared to 6th UICC/AJCC TNM classification in gastric cancer. METHODS: From January 2000 to December 2009, 5-year survival rates of 266 patients with gastric cancer were calculated by the 6th and 7th UICC/AJCC TNM classification. RESULTS: Using the 7th UICC/AJCC TNM classification, there was no significant difference in the 5-year cumulative survival rates (5 YSR) between stage IIA and IIB, IIB and IIIA, and IIIA and IIIB (70% vs. 71%, p=0.530; 71% vs. 80%, p=0.703; 80% vs. 75%, p=0.576, respectively) though significant differences of the survival rates were observed among stages of 6th edition. Using T stage of 7th edition, 5 YSR was not different between T2 and T3 (86% vs. 82%, p=0.655). Using N stage of 7th edition, 5 YSR were not different between N1 and N2, N3a and N3b (79% vs. 81%, p=0.506; 41% vs. 17%, p=0.895, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The 7th UICC/AJCC TNM classification had poor prognostic predictability in gastric cancer compared to the 6th edition.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Staging , Predictive Value of Tests , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/classification , Survival Rate
9.
Journal of the Korean Society of Endoscopic & Laparoscopic Surgeons ; : 111-113, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-84151

ABSTRACT

An intra-abdominal cystic lymphangioma is a benign neoplasm that rarely occurs within the abdominal cavity. Intra-abdominal cystic lymphangioma is treated by a resection performed through a radical procedure. We report a case of a 37-year-old woman who had an asymptomatic mesenteric cyst that was discovered incidentally during a routine physical check-up. Treatment was completed without complications using a laparoscope.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Abdominal Cavity , Laparoscopes , Lymphangioma , Lymphangioma, Cystic , Mesenteric Cyst
10.
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society ; : 213-218, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-45977

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Conventional three-port laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) is more commonly performed than transumbilical single port laparoscopic appendectomy (TUSPLA). In this report, we performed a prospective randomized study comparing the outcomes of LA and TUSPLA. METHODS: Between April 14, 2009 and June 10, 2009, 40 patients who required laparoscopic appendectomies were randomly selected to receive either a TUSPLA or a LA. None of these patients had perforation or abscess. Twenty of the patients received a LA and the other 20 received a TUSPLA. The clinical outcomes and visual analog pain scores (VAS) were compared between the groups. RESULTS: The TUSPLA procedures were performed successfully in every indicated patient. Clinical outcomes were similar in both study groups. The TUSPLA group showed a significantly higher VAS score 24 hours postoperatively than the LA group. CONCLUSION: Compared with LA, TUSPLA was technically feasible and safe in patients with non-complicated appendicitis. However, the patients in the TUSPLA group reported more postoperative pain than those in the LA group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abscess , Appendectomy , Appendicitis , Pain, Postoperative , Prospective Studies
11.
Journal of the Korean Society for Vascular Surgery ; : 152-155, 2009.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-209635

ABSTRACT

Around two-thirds of all abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) are incidentally discovered. Open surgical repair of these aneurysms is considered the standard, traditional method of treatment. This report details the minimal invasive approach for a patient who presented with early gastric cancer and an AAA, and the patient underwent endovascular repair of the aneurysm prior to laparoscopic assisted distal gastrectomy. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy identified a malignant ulcer in the antrum and preoperative abdominal computer-tomography incidentally revealed a large AAA. The abdominal aortic aneurysm was the infra-renal type and the estimated size was 65 mm. Compared to open surgical intervention, the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm via endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) shortens the period of recovery. Also, intra-abdominal adhesion is avoided so that minimal invasive surgical intervention through the laparoscopic approach is possible for treating malignancy. EVAR is the recommended treatment for asymptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysm when this is associated with intra-abdominal malignancy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aneurysm , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Gastrectomy , Stomach Neoplasms , Ulcer
12.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 437-440, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-110990

ABSTRACT

In the treatment of recurrent or metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST), good prognoses may not be expected by surgery alone. Recently, imatinib has been applied for the treatment of GISTs, resulting in improved patient survival. However, long-term success is limited due to the development of resistance. Herein, we report two cases of long-surviving patients with recurrent GIST after receiving cytoreductive surgery with imatinib therapy. A 49 year-old man was diagnosed to a duodenal GIST with single hepatic metastasis, and an antrectomy including the duodenal lesion with intraoperative radiofrequency ablation were performed in April, 2002. After four months, a new metastatic hepatic lesion was identified. Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation was done, and imatinib therapy was started. A 56 year-old man underwent laparoscopic segmental resection of the distal ileum and partial excision of parietal peritoneum in March, 2001 to treat a malignant GIST of the distal ileum that was attached to parietal peritoneum. After six months, recurrence of GIST with peritoneal seeding and hepatic metastasis was found, and he underwent cytoreductive surgery including right hemicolectomy and wedge resection of liver. After surgery, there was no residual tumor grossly and imatinib therapy was started. In both cases, they were doing well with no evidence of recurrence for 5 years with imatinib therapy. Therefore, in patients with a recurrent GIST, improved survival can be expected with imatinib therapy after cytoreductive surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/drug therapy , Piperazines/therapeutic use , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Pyrimidines/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
13.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 409-415, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-79512

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Although many studies have demonstrated improvements in short-and long-term outcomes of gastric cancer surgery, changes in long-term survival over time are not well-established. This study was conducted to evaluate changes in host, tumor, and treatment factors in patients treated at a single institution over a period of 45-yr. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 9282 patients with gastric cancer from 1955 to 1999, and divided the 45-yr into 4 time frames based on published articles: 1955 to 1962 (n=228), 1963 to 1972 (n=891), 1973 to 1988 (n=2789), and 1989 to 1999 (n=5374). RESULTS: Remarkable changes were noted in host, tumor, treatment factors, and prognosis. Among host factors, patients of more advanced age were identified in the 4th period and mean age shifted from 49 to 55 yrs. Among tumor factors, early gastric cancers and upper body tumors increased up to 32% and from 7% to 13%, respectively. An increase in the annual number of patients (from 29 to 649), gastrectomies (from 14 to 600), rate of resection (from 50% to 90%), rate of curative resection (up to 92%), and proportion of total gastrectomy (from 8% to 29%) was noted. Operative mortality was reduced from 6.1% to 0.7%. The overall 5-yr survival rate significantly increased from 22% to 65%. CONCLUSION: Treatment results of gastric cancer surgery have improved remarkably over the 45-year period. Increase of early stage gastric cancer with early diagnosis considerably influenced the improved survival of patients with gastric cancer.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Age Distribution , Gastrectomy/adverse effects , Neoplasm Staging , Retrospective Studies , Sex Distribution , Stomach Neoplasms/mortality , Survival Analysis , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome
14.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 114-119, 2007.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-148605

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Synuclein has been identified as an important neuroprotein for developing pathologic deposits in Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease patients. gamma-synuclein is also known as a breast cancer-specific gene 1 thats's not found in normal breast tissues but it has been reported to be overexpressed in breast cancer, ovarian cancer and other tumors. To evaluate the availability of gamma-synuclein expression as a prognostic factor for infiltrative breast cancer, we analyzed its correlation with the clinical parameters and the HER-2/neu gene expression. METHODS: Two hundred fiffty samples of breast cancer tissues embedded in paraffin and that were obtained from the infiltrative breast cancer patients who were operated in our institution from January 1995 to December 2000 were analyzed with employing the tissue microarray technique. The expression of gamma-synuclein was studied with immunohistochemistry and with using gamma-synulcein antibodies. One hundred thirty one cases that showed favorable staining were selected and studied retrospectively. RESULTS: Fiffty five% (71/131) of the patients showed gamma-synuclein overexpression. The histopathological findings that significantly correlated with gamma-synuclein overexpression were the number of metastatic lymph nodes (p<0.01) and the cancer stage (p<0.01). Using the same tissue mircoarray, the HER-2/neu gene expression and gamma-synuclein expression also showed statistically significant correlation (p=0.04). CONCLUSION: gamma-synuclein overexpression showed significant correaltion with lymph node metastasis and cancer stage. It also showed significant relevance with the HER-2/neu gene expression, and that is already known to be a prognostic factor for breast cancer. Therefore gamma-synuclein may be a useful prognostic factor for infiltrative breast cancer and further studies on the its correlation with survival, local recurrence, and distant metastasis should be conducted


Subject(s)
Humans , Antibodies , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , gamma-Synuclein , Gene Expression , Immunohistochemistry , Lymph Nodes , Neoplasm Metastasis , Ovarian Neoplasms , Paraffin , Parkinson Disease , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Synucleins
15.
Journal of the Korean Gastric Cancer Association ; : 206-212, 2007.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-157792

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The number of laparoscopy assisted distal gastrectomies (LADG) is gradually increasing for the treatment of early gastric cancer (EGC) patients as a surgical modality for improving quality of life. However, there are few reports on laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy (LATG), mainly because this procedure is performed relatively infrequently, and the procedure is more complicated than LADG. This study was performed to evaluate the technical feasibility, safety, and surgical results of LATG with lymphadenectomy through a review of our experience. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From July 2003 to June 2007, 77 LATG with Roux-en-Y esophagojejunostomy were performed for patients with a preoperative diagnosis of EGC. The clinicopathological features and surgical outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: There were 49 males and 28 females in the study with a mean age of 61 years (range 30~85 years). The mean operation time was 210 minutes (range 100~400 minutes) and the operation time was gradually decreased as the case numbers increased. There were 13 operative morbidities (16.9%) and no operative mortalities. The restoration of bowel motility was noted at 3.2 postoperative days; a soft diet was started at 4.4 postoperative days and the duration of hospital stay was 10 days. There were 20 mucosal lesions, 32 submucosal lesions, 15 proper muscle lesions, 7 subserosal lesions and 3 serosal lesions. A total of 20 patients were treated by D2 lymph node dissection, 55 patients were treated by D1+beta lymph node dissection, and two patients were treated by D1 + alpha lymph node dissection. The mean number of retrieved lymph nodes was 42 (range 11~86). Lymph node metastases were noted in 12 patients CONCLUSION: This study indicated LATG could be applied safely and effectively for patients with EGC. However, a prospective study comparing laparoscopy-assisted versus open gastrectomy for short-term and long-term surgical outcome is needed.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Diagnosis , Diet , Gastrectomy , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Mortality , Neoplasm Metastasis , Quality of Life , Stomach Neoplasms
16.
Journal of the Korean Gastric Cancer Association ; : 248-253, 2007.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-157786

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Surgical wound complications remain a cause of morbidity and mortality among postoperative patients, and the cost of caring for patients with a surgical wound complication is substantial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of a vinyl wound protector to reduce the rate of wound complications when used in clean-contaminated surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between May 2006 and September 2006, 295 patients with a gastric cancer that underwent gastric surgery were studied prospectively, and the patients were randomized into one of two groups: the no wound protector group (n=137) or the polyethylene protector group (n=132). RESULTS: The demographics and operation type and operation time were similar for patients in both groups. The rate of wound complication was different between patients in the no protector group (n=42) and the polyethylene protector group (n=12) (P=0.001) and the rates of seroma (P=0.001), infection (P=0.030) and dehiscence (P=0.282) were different for the two groups. The postoperative hospital stay was significantly shorter in the polyethylene protector group of patients (P=0.040). CONCLUSION: The use of a polyethylene protector resulted in a reduction of the surgical wound complication rate, and the cost of caring for patients, and morbidity and mortality among postoperative patients could be reduced.


Subject(s)
Humans , Demography , Length of Stay , Mortality , Polyethylene , Prospective Studies , Seroma , Stomach Neoplasms , Wounds and Injuries
17.
Korean Journal of Blood Transfusion ; : 260-264, 2007.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-80663

ABSTRACT

A positive HLA crossmatch in cadevaric liver transplantation is relatively acceptable, but in living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) using relatively small sized grafts, the rejection rates were higher in positive crossmatchcases than in negative cases, as described in several previous reports. We report a case of LDLT performed with therapeutic plasmapheresis, in a recipient with a positive HLA crossmatch to donor before transplantation. The patient was a 56-year-old male patient with liver cirrhosis (UNOS status IIA, MELD score 28) caused by chronic hepatitis B. The HLA crossmatch results were 1:2 and 1:8 positive for NIH-CDC (complement dependent cytotoxicity) and AHG-CDC, respectively. The flow cytometric crossmatch (FCXM) was also positive (T-MFI ratio 9.0 and B-MFI ratio 3.4). With 5 cycles of preoperative therapeutic plasmapheresis, the HLA crossmatch converted to negative and liver transplantation was performed. The liver function of the patient was well maintained for 5 months, without any sign of hyperacute or acute rejection. However, the patient eventually died from suddenly occurred infection-associated hemophagocytic syndrome at 5 months after surgery. Therapeutic plasmapheresis can be considered as one of therapeutic options for LDLT patients with a positive HLA crossmatch to donor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Liver Cirrhosis , Liver Transplantation , Liver , Living Donors , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic , Plasmapheresis , Tissue Donors , Transplants
18.
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society ; : 27-31, 2007.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-25425

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Laparoscopic wedge resection (LWR) is replacing open wedge resection (OWR) as the standard surgical treatment for gastric submucosal tumors. However, few scientific comparisons exist as to whether LWR or OWR is better in terms of postoperative outcomes. This study was performed to compare these two treatment modalities for the treatment of gastric submucosal tumors by evaluating the postoperative outcomes. METHODS: Between 1993 and 2004, 112 patients with a gastric submucosal tumor had undergone either LWR (n=42) or OWR (n=70). Their medical records were retrospectively reviewed with regard to tumor size, operative time, time to first flatus, postoperative hospital stay and analgesics use. RESULTS: The demographics and tumor characteristics of the patients were similar in both groups. Four (9 %) cases in the LWR group were converted to an open procedure. The mean operation time was longer in the LWR than the OWR group (100.6 vs. 84.3 min)(P = 0.015). The time to first flatus (1.8 +/- 0.1 vs. 3.3 +/- 0.1 days, respectively, P < 0.0001) and soft diet intake (3.5 +/- 0.3 vs. 6.0 +/- 0.2 days, respectively, P < 0.0001) were shorter in the LWR compared to the OWR group. The postoperative hospital stay was significantly shorter in the LWR than in the OWR group (5.3 +/- 0.6 vs. 8.5 +/- 0.2 days) (P < 0.0001). The number of analgesics uses (2.7 +/- 0.4 times) in the LWR was less than that in the OWR group (2.7 +/- 0.4 vs. 4.1 +/- 0.5 times)(P=0.0056). CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic wedge resection of a gastric submucosal tumor was superior to open wedge resection in terms of the postoperative outcomes. Laparoscopic wedge resection could be considered the first-line treatment for gastric submucosal tumors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Analgesics , Demography , Diet , Flatulence , Length of Stay , Medical Records , Operative Time , Retrospective Studies , Stomach
19.
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society ; : 338-343, 2006.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-38219

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Laparoscopic surgery for patients with a prior history of a radical gastrectomy has been considered a relative contraindication because of severe adhesion. Many surgeons prefer conservative management for a small bowel obstruction (SBO) after gastric cancer surgery for fear that more adhesion could occur after an open adhesiolysis. We report our initial experience of laparoscopic adhesiolysis (LA) for recurrent SBO after gastric cancer surgery. METHODS: This study performed a retrospective examination of 11 patients who underwent LA for a recurrent SBO after gastric cancer surgery between March 2005 and October 2005. Those with a SBO due to cancer recurrence or metastasis were excluded. RESULTS: The mean duration for LA after the gastrectomy was 46 months (range: 8~166 months). In all patients, LA was successfully performed without an open conversion. The mean operation time was 77 minutes (range: 45~110 minutes). None of the patients required a bowel resection. There were two postoperative complications; one peritoneal abscess due to leakage and one wound infection, which were all treated conservatively. The mean hospital stay after surgery was 5.0 days (range: 4~7 days) for patients without complications. Ten out of 11 patients showed weight loss after the gastrectomy. The mean weight loss was 12.9 kg (range: 5~24 kg). Among those 11 patients, 9 patients gained weight with a mean increase of 3.7 kg (range: 1~6 kg), 1 patient lost weight due to periampullary cancer and 1 patient showed no change in weight. None of the patients suffered from a SBO after LA during the mean follow up period of 14 months (range: 9~16 months). CONCLUSION: Although the initial experience of LA was small, LA can be applied safely and effectively for patients with a recurrent SBO after a radical gastrectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abscess , Follow-Up Studies , Gastrectomy , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Neoplasm Metastasis , Postoperative Complications , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , Weight Loss , Wound Infection
20.
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society ; : 413-419, 2006.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-89811

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The number of laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy procedures for the treatment of early gastric cancer patient to improve the quality of life has been gradually increasing. This study evaluated the technical feasibility, safety, and surgical results of LADG with lymphadenectomy by reviewing the initial experience. METHODS: From May 2003 to December 2005, 202 LADG with lymphadenectomy were performed on patients with a preoperative diagnosis of EGC. The clinicopathological features and surgical outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: There were 128 males and 74 females with a mean age of 58 years (range 24~78). The mean operation time was 212 minutes (range 105~450) and the operation time has decreased gradually with increasing number of cases. There were 16 operative morbidities (7.9%) including three operative mortalities. The restoration of the bowel sound was noted at 3.1 postoperative days, soft diet was started at 4.4 postoperative days and the duration of the hospital stay was 7.7 days. There were 105 mucosal, 64 submucosal, 22 proper muscle, 4 subserosal and 7 serosal lesions. A total 163 patients were treated with D2, 37 with D1+beta and 2 with D1+alpha LN dissection. The mean number of lymph nodes retrieved was 35 (range=10~81). Lymph node metastasis was noted in 30 patients. CONCLUSION: This study shows that laparoscopic procedure can be applied safely and effectively for the patients with EGC. However, a prospective study comparing laparoscopy-assisted versus open gastrectomy for the short- and long-term surgical outcomes is needed.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Diagnosis , Diet , Gastrectomy , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Mortality , Neoplasm Metastasis , Quality of Life , Stomach Neoplasms
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