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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874817

ABSTRACT

Objective@#: Decompressive craniectomy (DC) can partially remove the unyielding skull vault and make affordable space for the expansion of swelling brain contents. The objective of this study was to compare clinical outcome according to DC surface area (DC area) and side. @*Methods@#: A total of 324 patients underwent different surgical methods (unilateral DC, 212 cases and bilateral DC, 112 cases) were included in this retrospective analysis. Their mean age was 53.4±16.6 years (median, 54 years). Neurological outcome (Glasgow outcome scale), ventricular intracranial pressure (ICP), and midline shift change (preoperative minus postoperative) were compared according to surgical methods and total DC area, DC surface removal rate (DC%) and side. @*Results@#: DC surgery was effective for ICP decrease (32.3±16.7 mmHg vs. 19.2±13.4 mmHg, p<0.001) and midline shift change (12.5±7.6 mm vs. 7.8±6.9 mm, p<0.001). The bilateral DC group showed larger total DC area (125.1±27.8 cm2 for unilateral vs. 198.2±43.0 cm2 for bilateral, p<0.001). Clinical outcomes were nonsignificant according to surgical side (favorable outcome, p=0.173 and mortality, p=0.470), significantly better when total DC area was over 160 cm2 and DC% was 46% (p=0.020 and p=0.037, respectively). @*Conclusion@#: DC surgery is effective in decrease the elevated ICP, decrease the midline shift and improve the clinical outcome in massive brain swelling patient. Total DC area and removal rate was larger in bilateral DC than unilateral DC but clinical outcome was not influenced by DC side. DC area more than 160 cm2 and DC surface removal rate more than 46% were more important than DC side.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-163475

ABSTRACT

Pneumocephalus is commonly seen after craniofacial injury. The pathogenesis of pneumocephalus has been debated as to whether it was caused by ball valve effect or combined episodic increased pressure within the nasopharynx on coughing. Discontinuous exchange of air and cerebrospinal fluid due to “inverted bottle” effect is assumed to be the cause of it. Delayed tension pneumocephalus is not common, but it requires an active management in order to prevent serious complication. We represent a clinical case of a 57-year-old male patient who fell down from 3 m height, complicated by tension pneumocephalus on 5 months after trauma. We recommend a surgical intervention, but the patient did not want that so we observe the patient. The patient was underwent seizure and meningitis after 7 months after trauma, he came on emergency room on stupor mentality. Tension pneumocephalus may result in a neurologic disturbance due to continued air entrainment and it significantly the likelihood of intracranial infection caused by continued open channel. Tension pneumocephalus threat a life, so need a neurosurgical emergency surgical intervention.


Subject(s)
Cerebrospinal Fluid , Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak , Cough , Craniocerebral Trauma , Emergencies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Humans , Male , Meningitis , Middle Aged , Nasopharynx , Pneumocephalus , Seizures , Stupor
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-23814

ABSTRACT

Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most common type of thyroid malignancy and has relatively favorable prognosis. Blood-borne metastases of PTC are very rare among the thyroid malignancies. Moreover a case of blood-borne central nervous system metastasized PTC with only unilateral Horner's syndrome, and without any abnormalities in laboratory or physical examinations has not been described before. A 53-year-old female patient had been managed in ophthalmologic clinic due to vague symptoms of right monocular blurred vision with eye dryness for 3 months, but showed no signs of improvement. So it was performed a magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonance angiography to evaluate the possibilities of cerebral lesion. And a left frontal mass was incidentally found, and the tumor turned out to be a PTC that had metastasized to brain, regional lymph node, cervical, thoracic spine, and lung. We describe a PTC with extraordinary initial symptoms that metastasized to an unusual site. We recommend that if a papillary thyroid tumor with unusual symptoms or at an advanced stage is found, further investigation should be performed for distant metastasis.


Subject(s)
Brain , Central Nervous System , Female , Horner Syndrome , Humans , Lung , Lymph Nodes , Magnetic Resonance Angiography , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Metastasis , Physical Examination , Prognosis , Spine , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms
4.
Korean Journal of Spine ; : 45-51, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-214243

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the status of the hinge gutter affected clinical and radiographic outcomes of cervical open door laminoplasty. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 43 patients who had undergone cervical open door laminoplasty. 23 CT scans were performed at 2 days post-operation. The number of CT scans at 3, 6, 12 and 24 months were 16, 12, 21 and 11, respectively. We collected perioperative and follow-up data, including clinical and radiographic results. RESULTS: There were 7 patients without a hinge fracture and 16 patients with one or more hinge fractures at 2 days postoperation. There were 90 hinges, and the rate of ideal greenstick deformation of the hinge was 63% on 2-day-postoperative CT scans. Postoperative VAS scores of neck pain (p=0.012) in patients without a hinge fracture were higher than in patients with hinge fractures. The hinge healing rates were 37% at 3 months, 57.4% at 6 months, 86.4% at 12 months, and 85.4% at 24 months. Among the patients, 14 patients had healed hinges, and 7 patients had one or more hinge(s) that was/were not healed at 12 months post-operation. However, in clinical and radiographic outcomes, there was no difference between these patients. CONCLUSION: Cervical open door laminoplasty was safe and provided stable reconstruction of laminar expansion. In radiographs, the difference between hinges that had healed and hinges that had not healed was statistically negligible. Hinge fractures might not influence the clinical and radiographic outcomes of cervical open door laminoplasty.


Subject(s)
Cervical Vertebrae , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Neck Pain , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome
5.
Korean Journal of Spine ; : 200-202, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-35256

ABSTRACT

Large anterior cervical osteophytes can occur in degeneration of the cervical spine or in diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis(DISH). Large osteophytes can produce otolaryngological symptoms such as dysphagia, dysphonia, and foreign body sensation. We describe a DISH patient with giant anterior cervical osteophyte causing chronic dysphagia and dysphonia. A 56-year-old man presented with increasing dysphagia, dysphonia, neck pain and neck stiffness. Physical examination of the neck showed a non-tender and hard mass on the left side at the level of C4-5. Radiography showed extensive ossification of anterior longitudinal ligament along the left anterolateral aspect of vertebral bodies from C2 to T1. The ossification was espe cially prominent at the level of C4-5 and linear breakage was noted at same level. Esophagogram revealed a filling defect along the pharynx and lateral displacement of the esophagus. Giant anterior cervical osteophyte was removed through the leftsided anterolateral cervical approach to the spine. Anterior cervical interbody fusion at C4-5 was followed by posterior cervical fixation using lateral mass screws from C3 to C6. After surgery, dysphagia and dysphonia improved immediately. One year later, cervical CT showed bone fusion at C4-5 bodies and no recurrence of osteophyte. DISH is a common cause of anterior cervical osteophyte leading to progressive dysphagia. Keeping this clinical entity in the differential diagnosis is important in patients with progressive neck stiffness, dysphagia or dysphonia. And surgical treatment of symptomatic anterior cervical osteophyte due to DISH should be considered with a solid fusion procedure preventing postoperative instability or osteophyte progress.


Subject(s)
Deglutition Disorders , Diagnosis, Differential , Dysphonia , Esophagus , Foreign Bodies , Humans , Hyperostosis, Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal , Longitudinal Ligaments , Middle Aged , Neck , Neck Pain , Osteophyte , Pharynx , Physical Examination , Recurrence , Sensation , Spine
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-85344

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The objectives of the present study were to investigate the annual detection rate of patients with Moyamoya disease (MMD) and to describe the prevalence and epidemiological features of the Moyamoya patients in Korea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors analyzed the epidemiological data of Korean patients taken from the National Health Insurance Corporation in Korea among Moyamoya patients who were treated from 2004 until 2008. RESULTS: Based on 2004 data, 2,539 MMD patients were treated in Korea and the prevalence rate was 5.2 per 100,000 people. There were 2,987 in 2005, 3,429 in 2006, 4,051 in 2007, and 4,517 cases in 2008, and the prevalence rates per 100.000 people were 6.3, 7.0, 8.6, and 9.1, for those respective years. This represents an annual increase of 15% of new cases during this period. In 2008, 466 people were newly diagnosed with MMD, representing an incidence rate of 1 per 100,000 persons. The gender ratio was 1,547 men (34%) and 2,970 women (66%). Women had a higher incidence rate than men (1.94 times). There were two age peaks: teenagers and those in their forties. CONCLUSION: The present study shows that the number of Moyamoya patients in Korea is increasing. This increase could partly be explained by a recent increase in newly diagnosed cases, suggesting that a more careful consideration of the disease and better diagnostic techniques should be promoted among clinicians.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Female , Humans , Incidence , Korea , Male , Moyamoya Disease , National Health Programs , Prevalence
7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-96389

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Patients undergoing intracranial operations often suffer from post-operative epidural hematoma (EDH). The incidence and risk factors for with the occurrence of EDH after intracranial operations are not well described previously. The objective of this study was to identify the risk factors and the incidence of post-operative EDH adjacent and regional to the craniotomy. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 23 (2.4%) patients, between January 2005 and December 2011, who underwent epidural hematoma evacuation after primary intracranial during this period, 941 intracranial operations were performed. The control group (46 patients) and hematoma group (23 patients) were categorized on the basis of having undergone the same pre-operative diagnosis and treatment within 3 months of their operations. The ages of the hematoma and control group were individually matched to similar ages within 10 years of each other to minimize bias of age. RESULTS: Univariate analysis showed that the significant pre-operative and intra-operative factors associated with post-operative EDH were a pre-operative Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scored 1.0 (p=0.014), prothrombin time (PT) >11.3 sec (p=0.008), intra-operative blood loss >650 mL (p=0.003) and craniotomy size >7,420 mm2 (p=0.023). In multivariate analysis, intra-operative blood loss exceeding 650 mL (median of total patients) placed a patient at significantly increased risk for post-operative EDH. CONCLUSION: Recognizing the limitations of the study, large intra-operative blood loss, wide craniotomy area, prolonged PT and a pre-operative GCS <8 are presented implicated with an increased risk of post-operative EDH after intracranial surgery.


Subject(s)
Bias , Craniotomy , Glasgow Coma Scale , Hematoma , Hematoma, Epidural, Cranial , Humans , Incidence , Multivariate Analysis , Odds Ratio , Prothrombin , Prothrombin Time , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-207516

ABSTRACT

In the article, name of the first author, "Sang Hyuk Im", was printed mistakenly as "Sang Hyuk Yim" by negligence of the authors. Additionally, the correspondence author's address has been also corrected as follow at their request: Department of Neurosurgery, Catholic Neuroscience Center, Yeouido St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, Catholic University, 82 Yeouido-dong, Yeongdeungpo-gu, Seoul, 150-713, Korea.

9.
Korean Journal of Spine ; : 165-171, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-86480

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical and radiologic results of two graft materials for anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) with rigid plate fixation for cervical spinal disorder. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients treated with single-level ACDF with rigid plate fixation were retrospectively reviewed. They were divided into twogroups: Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cage filled with beta-tricalcium phosphate (beta-TCP) in Group A (n=15); and autogenous tricortical iliac bone graft in group B (n=13). The average follow-up durations were 16.3 months and 19.90 months for group A and group B, respectively. Clinical outcomes were graded using the visual analogue scale (VAS) score and neck disability index (NDI). Interbody height, segmental kyphotic angle and overall kyphotic angle were used as parameters to evaluate radiographic change in the 2 treatment groups. RESULTS: Clinically, VAS scores and NDI significantly improved after the surgery in both groups (p0.05). The fusion rates after 12 months in group A and B were 93.3% and 100%, respectively. One case of cage subsidence which resulted in pseudoarthrosis occurred in group A. However, statistical analysis did not show difference in fusion rate between the two groups (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: ACDF using PEEK cage filled with alpha-TCP showed comparable clinical and radiologic results with the standard of autogenous iliac bone graft. However, pseudoarthrosis did occur even with rigid plate and screw fixation in ACDF using PEEK cage filled with beta-TCP. There is high likelihood of emerging pseudoarthrosis, especially when there is a sign of chronic and progressive cage subsidence.


Subject(s)
Calcium Phosphates , Cervical Vertebrae , Diskectomy , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Ketones , Neck , Polyethylene Glycols , Pseudarthrosis , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Transplants
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-143435

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: External ventricular drainage (EVD) is one of the most frequently performed operative procedures in neurosurgery. A retrospective analysis was conducted for patients who underwent EVD to determine the incidence rate of post-procedural intracranial hemorrhage and to identify underlying risk factors. METHODS: Patients who underwent EVD between January 2003 and January 2011 were selected. Catheter-induced hemorrhage (CIH) was defined as any evidence of new hemorrhage on the post-procedural computerized tomography (CT) scan obtained within 24 hours of catheter insertion. The rate of hemorrhage was calculated, and the possible risk factors were statistically analyzed. RESULTS: The data of 229 patients were analyzed. Twenty-one patients developed CIH, for an incidence rate of 9.17%. The factors that increased the rate of CIH were age > or =60 years, bilateral catheter insertion, and pre-existing heart disease. The patients > or =60 years of age had a 2.8-fold increased risk of CIH. A history of heart disease contributed to a 20-fold increased risk of CIH (p or =60 years, bilateral catheter insertion, and a history of heart disease are the three most significant risk factors for CIH. Since these risk factors are not modifiable, all possible contributors should be considered to minimize the risk such as skilled maneuvers and techniques or high blood pressure.


Subject(s)
Catheters , Drainage , Heart Diseases , Hemorrhage , Humans , Hypertension , Incidence , Intracranial Hemorrhages , Logistic Models , Neurosurgery , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Surgical Procedures, Operative
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-143426

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: External ventricular drainage (EVD) is one of the most frequently performed operative procedures in neurosurgery. A retrospective analysis was conducted for patients who underwent EVD to determine the incidence rate of post-procedural intracranial hemorrhage and to identify underlying risk factors. METHODS: Patients who underwent EVD between January 2003 and January 2011 were selected. Catheter-induced hemorrhage (CIH) was defined as any evidence of new hemorrhage on the post-procedural computerized tomography (CT) scan obtained within 24 hours of catheter insertion. The rate of hemorrhage was calculated, and the possible risk factors were statistically analyzed. RESULTS: The data of 229 patients were analyzed. Twenty-one patients developed CIH, for an incidence rate of 9.17%. The factors that increased the rate of CIH were age > or =60 years, bilateral catheter insertion, and pre-existing heart disease. The patients > or =60 years of age had a 2.8-fold increased risk of CIH. A history of heart disease contributed to a 20-fold increased risk of CIH (p or =60 years, bilateral catheter insertion, and a history of heart disease are the three most significant risk factors for CIH. Since these risk factors are not modifiable, all possible contributors should be considered to minimize the risk such as skilled maneuvers and techniques or high blood pressure.


Subject(s)
Catheters , Drainage , Heart Diseases , Hemorrhage , Humans , Hypertension , Incidence , Intracranial Hemorrhages , Logistic Models , Neurosurgery , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Surgical Procedures, Operative
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-39013

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Extracranial-intracranial(EC-IC) bypass procedures have proved to be useful and safe in selected patients for revascularization. We have performed EC-IC bypass procedures in 170 patients with atherosclerotic cerebral ischemia and moyamoya disease. We analyzed the cases that had permanent complications after performing EC-IC bypass procedures in these 170 patients. METHODS: We performed ECIC bypass surgery during the recent 10 years for augmenting the cerebral blood flow in 170 patients with atherosclerotic cerebral ischemia and moyamoya disease. Of the 170 patients, the pathologic lesions were atherosclerotic cerebral ischemia in 125 and moyamoya in 45. All the patients were symptomatic and in a hemodynamic cerebral ischemic state, as diagnosed by the acetazolamide loading test. Superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) anastomosis was performed in 158 cases and graft bypass with using the saphenous vein or radial artery was done in 12 cases. RESULTS: Of 170 patients who underwent bypass surgery, twenty four patients had postoperative neurologic deficits. Of these 24 patients, the neurologic deficits of 17 patients resolved completely within 3 weeks, but the remaining 7 patients (moyamoya in 5 patients and 2 patients were atherosclerotic) had permanent deficits. The probable causes of the permanent neurologic deficits were that bypass was done too soon after an ischemic attack or hemorrhage (3 cases), intracerebral steal phenomenon during anesthesia (2 case), postbypass thrombotic occlusion of the prebypass stenotic artery (1 case) and postbypass thromboembolism (1 case) CONCLUSION: Permanent neurologic deficits could complicate some cases following bypass surgery. The suggested causes of neurologic deficit were hypoperfusion and inappropriate CO2 tension in the blood and fluctuation of the blood pressure during the perioperative period. To prevent complications, maintain an appropriate perfusion pressure and blood pressure control and follow this with antiplatelet or anticoagulation therapy as soon as possible.


Subject(s)
Acetazolamide , Anesthesia , Arteries , Blood Pressure , Brain Ischemia , Cerebral Arteries , Hemodynamics , Hemorrhage , Humans , Ischemia , Moyamoya Disease , Neurologic Manifestations , Perfusion , Perioperative Period , Radial Artery , Saphenous Vein , Thromboembolism , Transplants
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-71871

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: In recent years, CyberKnife has emerged as an important treatment modality in the management of pituitary adenomas. Treatment results after performing CyberKnife and the complications of this procedure are reviewed. METHODS: Twenty-six patients with pituitary adenomas received stereotactic radiosurgery with the CyberKnife (CKRS). The follow-up periods ranged from 7 months to 47 months (mean+/-SD : 30+/-12.7 months). The patients consisted of 17 with non-functioning adenomas, 3 with prolactinomas and 6 with acromegaly. The change in the tumor volume, visual acuity, hormonal function, and complications by this therapy were analyzed in each case. RESULTS: The tumor control rate was 92.3%. Hormonal function was improved in all of the 9 (100%) functioning adenomas. Hormonal normalization was observed in 4 of the 9 (44%) patients with a mean duration of 16 months. In two patients (7.6%), visual acuity worsened due to cystic enlargement of the tumor after CKRS. No other complications were observed. CONCLUSION: CyberKnife is considered safe and effective in selected patients with pituitary adenomas. However, longer follow-up is required for a more complete assessment of late toxicity and treatment efficacy.


Subject(s)
Acromegaly , Adenoma , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Pituitary Neoplasms , Prolactinoma , Radiosurgery , Treatment Outcome , Tumor Burden , Visual Acuity
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-37876

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The authors evaluated the effects of direct revascularization (superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery bypass) in the prevention of further stroke, including recurrent ischemic event or bleeding in patients with ischemic type of adult moyamoya disease by clinical, pathophysiological and angiographical studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty four patients who had ischemic symptoms in adult moyamoya disease were investigated. The mean age of the patients was 40.8 years. The follow up period ranged from 6 months to 8 years. In 24 patients who were surgically treated, thirty one sides (both sides in 7 patients) were performed to superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery anastomosis and dura splitting. RESULT: Average follow up period was 4.12 years. Perioperative and postoperative course was uneventful in 16 patients. 2 patients had new ischemic attack probably due to intracerebral steal phenomenon during operation, 6 patients had neurologic symptoms due to change of hemodynamic flow pattern after successful EC-IC bypass that included temporary neurologic deficit in 4, postbypass occlusion of the preoperative stenosis of anterior cerebral artery in one and focal seizure in one. Long term follow up results of 24 patients were showing major deficit in one and minor deficit in two. All patients experienced no further ischemic or hemorrhagic events during follow up period. In postoperative angiogram, drastic diminution of basal moyamoya vessels, which are supposed to be responsible for hemorrhage, was observed in 15 of 18 patients(83%) who were capable of postoperative 3-6 months follow up angiogram. CONCLUSION: In case of adult moyamoya disease, direct bypass surgery is particularly important on the prevention of recurrent ischemic or hemorrhagic events. And a decrease in basal moyamoya vessels was induced significantly by direct bypass surgery, which may reduce the expected risk of hemorrhage effectively. But direct bypass in moyamoya disease had operative morbidity in high frequence. So, moyamoya disease patients who undergo direct revascularization should be monitored carefully during the perioperative and postoperative period.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anterior Cerebral Artery , Cerebral Arteries , Constriction, Pathologic , Follow-Up Studies , Hemodynamics , Hemorrhage , Humans , Moyamoya Disease , Neurologic Manifestations , Seizures , Stroke
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-164029

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Extracranial-intracranial arterial bypass (EIAB) has proved to be useful in selected patients with artherosclerotic cerebral ischemia and moyamoya disease. But neurological deterioration (ND) after EIAB has occasionally been reported in spite of successful EIAB. We have performed EIAB in 150 patients with artherosclerotic cerebral ischemia and moyamoya disease during the recent 8 years. We analyzed the patients who exhibited ND after successful EIAB was performed for a selected group of patients with artherosclerotic cerebral ischemia and moyamoya disease. METHODS: Among 150 patients, the cause of the hemodynamic ischemia was atherosclerotic in 90 and moyamoya disease in 60. Eighteen patients experienced ND after successful EIAB. There were 14 patients with temporary neurologic deficit and 5 patients had a permanent deficit. We divided these 18 patients into two groups. Group 1 revealed relative hyperperfusion of a chronically hypoperfused area of the brain after successful EIAB. Group 2 showed hypoperfusion of the brain by the change of the flow pattern after successful EIAB. RESULTS: Of the 18 patients who experienced ND after successful EIAB, 8 patients belonged to group 1 and 10 patients belonged to group 2. We divided group II into four subgroups according to angiographic flow patterns. The first subgroup (2 patients) showed delayed filling of one division out of two divisions of the middle cerebral artery. The second subgroup (3 patients) showed collision between the orthograde flow and the retrograde flow from the grafted vessel, which resulted in more profound hypoperfusion. The third subgroup (2 patients) exhibited a complete occlusion of the preoperative stenotic artery. The fourth subgroup (3 patients) included the cases with marginal hypoperfusion in the periphery of the perfused region from the grafted extracranial artery. CONCLUSION: EIAB is a reliable, reasonably safe method for establishing new pathways of collateral circulation to the brain. However, this operation can have potential complications according to the relative hyperperfusion or hypoperfusion that's due to the altered flow pattern after the bypass.


Subject(s)
Arteries , Brain , Brain Ischemia , Cerebral Revascularization , Collateral Circulation , Glycosaminoglycans , Hemodynamics , Humans , Ischemia , Middle Cerebral Artery , Moyamoya Disease , Neurologic Manifestations , Transplants
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-34793

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Adipose tissue is derived from the embryonic mesoderm and contains a heterogenous stromal cell population. Authors have tried to verify the characteristics of stem cell of adipose derived stromal cells (ADSCs) and to investigate immunohistochemical findings after transplantation of ADSC into rat brain to evaluate survival, migration and differentiation of transplanted stromal cells. METHODS: First, ADSCs were isolated from human adipose tissue and induced adipose, osseous and neuronal differentiation under appropriate culture condition in vitro and examined phenotypes profile of human ADSCs in undifferentiated states using flow cytometry and immunohistochemical study. Human ADSCs were transplanted into the healthy rat brain to investigate survival, migration and differentiation after 4 weeks. RESULTS: From human adipose tissue, adipose stem cells were harvested and subcultured for several times. The cultured ADSCs were differentiated into adipocytes, osteoctye and neuron-like cell under conditioned media. Flow cytometric analysis of undifferentiated ADSCs revealed that ADSCs were positive for CD29, CD44 and negative for CD34, CD45, CD117 and HLA-DR. Transplanted human ADSCs were found mainly in cortex adjacent to injection site and migrated from injection site at a distance of at least 1 mm along the cortex and corpus callosum. A few transplanted cells have differentiated into neuron and astrocyte. CONCLUSION: ADSCs were differentiated into multilineage cell lines through transdifferentiation. ADSCs were survived and migrated in xenograft without immunosuppression. Based on this data, ADSCs may be potential source of stem cells for many human disease including neurologic disorder.


Subject(s)
Adipocytes , Adipose Tissue , Adult , Animals , Astrocytes , Brain , Cell Line , Corpus Callosum , Culture Media, Conditioned , Flow Cytometry , Heterografts , HLA-DR Antigens , Humans , Immunosuppression , Mesoderm , Nervous System Diseases , Neurons , Phenotype , Rats , Stem Cells , Stromal Cells
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-214504

ABSTRACT

Primary intracranial melanoma is uncommon. These tumors most commonly occur at the temporal lobe, cerebellum and cerebellopontine angle. We report a case of intracranial malignant melanoma of the occipital lobe in a 60-year-old man who presented with headache and visual disturbance. The mass showed hyperintensity on T1-weighted images and hypointensity on T2-weighted magnetic resonance images. He underwent gross total removal of tumor and received radiotherapy. Followup imaging studies showed neither recurrence nor any signs of residual disease for 4 months.


Subject(s)
Cerebellopontine Angle , Cerebellum , Follow-Up Studies , Headache , Humans , Melanoma , Middle Aged , Occipital Lobe , Radiotherapy , Recurrence , Temporal Lobe
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-121026

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The authors evaluated the effect of direct bypass (superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery bypass) in the prevention of rebleeding episodes in patients suffering from hemorrhagic moyamoya disease by comparing this method with indirect bypass. METHODS: Fifteen patients who had hemorrhagic moyamoya without aneurysm comprised the study group. The mean age of patients was 44.4 years and follow up period ranged from 0.8 to 7.1 years (mean; 3.61 years). Revascularization surgery was performed in 21 sides in 15 patients. Direct bypass was performed in 17 sides and indirect bypass in the other 4 sides. RESULTS: During the follow-up period after the revascularization surgery, three sides (14.3%) of the 21 sides presented with rebleeding episode, one of 17 sides (mean follow-up periods; 2.94 years) treated with direct method and 2 of 4 sides (mean follow-up periods; 6.45 years) treated with indirect method. Kaplan-Meier analysis of rebleedingfree survival showed quite different between direct and indirect method but statistically insignificant (p=0.0541). CONCLUSION: Direct bypass may reduce the risk of hemorrhage more effectively than indirect bypass. However, direct bypass cannot always prevent rebleeding.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Cerebral Arteries , Follow-Up Studies , Hemorrhage , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Moyamoya Disease
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-95487

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Hemifacial spasm has characteristic and specific electrophysiological finding, lateral spread response(LSR). We study the correlation between change of lateral spread response during microvascular decompression(MVD) and clinical outcome after MVD. METHODS: Sixty two patients with hemifacial spasm who were treated with microvascular decompression from March 2000 to February 2003 were included in this study. The monitoring of intraoperative facial electromyography(EMG) and brain stem auditory evoked potential were performed. RESULTS: In 28 (44.7%) patients, there was persistence of lateral spread response after vascular decompression in root exit zone of facial nerve. Among these 28 patients, 9 had mild hemifacial spasm at discharge. Three out of 34 patients who had intraoperative disappearance of lateral spread response after MVD had mild hemifacial spasm. But Both groups, disappearance of LSR (Group I), and persistence (Group II) had only 2 patients with mild hemifacial spasm, and 5 patients at 3 months, respectively. CONCLUSION: Although intraoperative EMG monitoring is very useful in assessing the efficacy of MVD, the clinical outcome of MVD in patient with hemifacial spasm does not always correlate with EMG finding. The prognostic value of intraoperative LSR monitoring in the long-term results is questionable.


Subject(s)
Decompression , Electromyography , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem , Facial Nerve , Hemifacial Spasm , Humans , Microvascular Decompression Surgery
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-104332

ABSTRACT

We report a case of proximal internal carotid arterial spasm following pterional removal of pituitary adenoma. We discuss the possible mechanism of vasospasm associated with tumor resection.


Subject(s)
Carotid Artery, Internal , Pituitary Neoplasms , Spasm
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