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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741301

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy of 4-haptic bitoric intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in Asian patients with cataract and astigmatism. METHODS: A total of 19 eyes with ≤25.0 mm axial length and ≥0.75 diopters (D) corneal astigmatism were included in this prospective non-comparative study. All subjects underwent phacoemulsification with implantation of an AT Torbi 709M IOL. Visual and refractive outcomes as well as toric IOL axis were evaluated during a 3-month follow-up. Errors in predicted residual spherical equivalent were calculated by subtracting predicted residual spherical equivalent from postoperative refraction. RESULTS: Uncorrected and corrected distance visual acuity improved significantly 3 months after surgery, from 0.43 to 0.05 and from 0.24 to −0.05, respectively. Mean refractive cylinders also decreased significantly, from −1.91 preoperatively to −0.54 D 3 months after surgery. Mean J0 and J45 decreased 3 months postoperatively, from 0.26 to 0.03 D and from 0.24 to −0.06 D, respectively. After 3 months, mean absolute IOL rotation was 1.81°. Errors in predicted residual spherical equivalent showed a hyperopic shift of 0.35 D. CONCLUSIONS: Implantation of 4-haptic bitoric IOL proved to be effective for correcting astigmatism in Asian eyes during cataract surgery.


Subject(s)
Asians , Astigmatism , Cataract , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lens Implantation, Intraocular , Lenses, Intraocular , Phacoemulsification , Prospective Studies , Visual Acuity
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714955

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the agreement in axial length (AL), keratometry, and anterior chamber depth measurements between AL-Scan and IOLMaster biometers and to compare the efficacy of the AL-Scan on intraocular lens (IOL) power calculations and refractive outcomes with those obtained by the IOLMaster. METHODS: Medical records of 48 eyes from 48 patients who underwent uneventful phacoemulsification and IOL insertion were retrospectively reviewed. One of the two types of monofocal aspheric IOLs were implanted (Tecnis ZCB00 [n = 34] or CT Asphina 509M [n = 14]). Two different partial coherence interferometers measured and compared AL, keratometry (2.4 mm), anterior chamber depth, and IOL power calculations with SRK/T, Hoffer Q, Holladay2, and Haigis formulas. The difference between expected and actual final refractive error was compared as refractive mean error (ME), refractive mean absolute error (MAE), and median absolute error (MedAE). RESULTS: AL measured by the AL-Scan was shorter than that measured by the IOLMaster (p = 0.029). The IOL power of Tecnis did not differ between the four formulas; however, the Asphina measurement calculated using Hoffer Q for the AL-Scan was lower (0.28 diopters, p = 0.015) than that calculated by the IOLMaster. There were no statistically significant differences between the calculations by MAE and MedAE for the four formulas in either IOL. In SRK/T, ME in Tecnis-inserted eyes measured by AL-Scan showed a tendency toward myopia (p = 0.032). CONCLUSIONS: Measurement by AL-Scan provides reliable biometry data and power calculations compared to the IOLMaster; however, refractive outcomes of Tecnis-inserted eyes by AL-Scan calculated using SRK/T can show a slight myopic tendency.


Subject(s)
Anterior Chamber , Biometry , Cimetidine , Humans , Lenses, Intraocular , Medical Records , Myopia , Phacoemulsification , Refractive Errors , Retrospective Studies
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-104368

ABSTRACT

We investigated relationships between outdoor air pollution and pterygium in Korean adults. This study includes 23,276 adults in population-based cross-sectional data using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2008–2011. Pterygium was assessed using slit lamp biomicroscopy. Air pollution data (humidity, particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter less than 10 μm [PM₁₀], ozone [O₃], nitrogen dioxide [NO₂], and sulfur dioxide levels [SO₂]) for 2 years preceding the ocular examinations were acquired. Associations of multiple air pollutants with pterygium or pterygium recurrence after surgery were examined using multivariate logistic models, after adjusting for several covariates. Distributed lag models were additionally used for estimating cumulative effects of air pollution on pterygium. None of air pollution factors was significantly associated with pterygium or pterygium recurrence (each P > 0.05). Distributed lag models also showed that air pollution factors were not associated with pterygium or pterygium recurrence in 0-to-2 year lags (each P > 0.05). However, primary pterygium showed a weak association with PM₁₀ after adjusting for covariates (odds ratio [OR] 1.23; [per 5 μg/m³ PM₁₀ increase]; P = 0.023). Aging, male sex, and greater sun exposure were associated with pterygium, while higher education level and myopia were negatively associated with pterygium (each P ≤ 0.001). Male sex and myopia were negatively associated with pterygium recurrence (each P < 0.05). In conclusion, exposure to higher PM10 levels was associated with primary pterygium, although this study observed no significant association between air pollution and overall pterygium or pterygium recurrence in Korean adults.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aging , Air Pollutants , Air Pollution , Education , Humans , Korea , Logistic Models , Male , Myopia , Nitrogen Dioxide , Nutrition Surveys , Ozone , Particulate Matter , Pterygium , Recurrence , Slit Lamp , Solar System , Sulfur Dioxide
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-80658

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the additive effect of oral steroid with topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) on cystoid macular edema (CME) in patients with epiretinal membrane (ERM) after cataract surgery. METHODS: Medical records of subjects who underwent uneventful cataract surgery (n = 1,349) were retrospectively reviewed; among these patients, those with pre-existing ERM (n = 81) were included. Patients were divided into two groups: one group had postoperative administration of oral steroid for 1 week (n = 45) and the other group did not have oral steroid administration (n = 36). Changes in macular thickness and incidence of CME were compared in both groups. Topical NSAIDs were administered in both groups for 1 month postoperatively. Definite CME and probable CME were defined by changes in retinal contour with or without cystoid changes. Change in central macular thickness of more than three standard deviations (≥90.17 µm) was defined as possible CME. Macular thickness was measured at 1 month after the operation by optical coherence tomography. RESULTS: The incidence of definite, probable, and possible CME were 2.22%, 4.44%, and 8.89% with the use of steroid and 2.78%, 5.56%, and 8.33% without steroid, respectively (p = 0.694, p = 0.603, and p = 0.625), and regardless of treatment group, the incidences in these patients were higher compared to incidences in whole subjects (1.26%, 2.30%, and 4.32%; p = 0.048, p = 0.032, and p = 0.038, respectively). The differences in macular thickness were not statistically different between the two groups. Average changes of central foveal thickness in 3 mm and 6 mm zone were 29.29 µm, 35.93 µm, and 38.02 µm with the use of steroid and 32.25 µm, 44.08 µm, and 45.39 µm without steroid (p = 0.747, p = 0.148, and p = 0.077, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that administration of oral steroid may not have a synergistic effect in reduction of CME and retinal thickness in patients with pre-existing ERM after cataract surgery, when topical NSAIDs are applied.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Cataract , Epiretinal Membrane , Humans , Incidence , Macular Edema , Medical Records , Retinaldehyde , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, Optical Coherence
5.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-194887

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the relationships between tear osmolarity and various parameters for ocular and systemic disease in primary Sjögren's syndrome. METHODS: The medical records of 53 patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome were reviewed. Tear osmolarity using a TearLab® (TearLab™ Corp., San Diego, CA, USA) osmometer as well as other dry eye parameters such as tear break-up time, ocular staining score (Sjögren's International Collaboration Clinical Alliance [SICCA] ocular staining score, SICCA score), Schirmer-I score, symptoms with Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI), and Visual Analog Scale (VAS) were obtained. Systemic laboratory data and medication history were also collected. The correlations between the parameters were analyzed using the Spearman's rank correlation test. RESULTS: 53 patients with a mean age of 54.1 ± 13.2 years and female predominance (96.23%) were enrolled. The majority of patients (28.3%) were receiving systemic therapy for severe Sjögren's syndrome. The tear osmolarity in Sjögren's syndrome patients was 307 ± 13.6 (mOsm/L). Higher tear osmolarity was associated with lower tear film break-up time (BUT) scores and with higher SICCA scores. Tear osmolarity and the Schirmer test results were not significantly related. Higher tear osmolarity was paradoxically associated with lower VAS scores and lower OSDI scores. Neither current medication nor the salivary gland focus score showed significant associations with tear osmolarity. Although tear osmolarity was not associated with the SSA-Ro or SSA-LA titer, serum immunoglobulin G (IgG) level and serum erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) level showed positive correlations with tear osmolarity. CONCLUSIONS: Tear osmolarity is positively correlated with the severity of dry eye and was associated with lower symptom severity. The significant associations of tear osmolarity with IgG and ESR suggest that high tear osmolarity may be correlated with autoantibody load and the systemic inflammatory state.


Subject(s)
Blood Sedimentation , Cooperative Behavior , Dry Eye Syndromes , Female , Humans , Immunoglobulin G , Medical Records , Osmolar Concentration , Salivary Glands , Tears , Visual Analog Scale
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-58753

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To compare the accuracy of intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation using conventional regression formulae or the American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery (ASCRS) IOL power calculator for previous corneal refractive surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 96 eyes from 68 patients that had undergone cataract surgery after keratorefractive surgeries. We calculated the formula with two approaches: IOL powers using the ASCRS IOL power calculator and IOL powers using conventional formulae with previous refractive data (Camellin, Jarade, Savini, and clinical history method) or without prior data (0, 2 and, 4 mm total mean power in topography, Wang-Koch-Maloney, Shammas, Seitz, and Maloney). Two conventional IOL formulae (the SRK/T and the Hoffer Q) were calculated with the single K and double K methods. Mean arithmetic refractive error and mean absolute error were calculated at the first postoperative month. RESULTS: In conventional formulae, the Jarade method or the Seitz method, applied in the Hoffer Q formula with the single K or double K method, have the lowest prediction errors. The least prediction error was found in the Shammas-PL method in the ASCRS group. There was no statistically significant difference between the 10 lowest mean absolute error conventional methods, the Shammas-PL method and the Barrett True-K method calculated with using the ASCRS calculator, without using preoperative data. CONCLUSIONS: The Shammas-PL formula and the Barrett True-K formula, calculated with the ASCRS calculator, without using history, were methods comparable to the 10 most accurate conventional formulae. Other methods using the ASCRS calculator show a myopic tendency.


Subject(s)
Cataract , Humans , Lenses, Intraocular , Methods , Refractive Errors , Refractive Surgical Procedures , Retrospective Studies
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-50645

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To compare oxidative stress status in the aqueous humor of highly myopic eyes and control eyes. METHODS: Aqueous humor samples were collected from 15 highly myopic eyes (high myopia group) and 23 cataractous eyes (control group) during cataract surgery. Central corneal thickness, corneal endothelial cell density, hexagonality of corneal endothelial cells, and cell area of corneal endothelial cells were measured using specular microscopy. Axial length was measured using ultrasound biometry. 8-Hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and malondialdehyde levels were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: 8-OHdG level was lower in the aqueous humor of myopic patients than in that of control group (p = 0.014) and was positively correlated with central corneal thickness and negatively correlated with axial length (r = 0.511, p = 0.02; r = -0.382, p < 0.001). There was no correlation between 8-OHdG level and corneal endothelial cell density, hexagonality, or cell area. Malondialdehyde level did not show any correlation with any parameters evaluated. CONCLUSIONS: 8-OHdG might be a sensitive biomarker for evaluating oxidative stress status in the eye. Oxidative stress level was lower in the aqueous humor of highly myopic eyes compared to that in control eyes, which indicates lower metabolic activity in these eyes.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aqueous Humor/metabolism , Deoxyguanosine/analogs & derivatives , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Female , Humans , Male , Malondialdehyde/metabolism , Middle Aged , Myopia/metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Refraction, Ocular/physiology , Severity of Illness Index
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-13347

ABSTRACT

The effect of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) on dry eye has not been fully determined. This study aimed to compare the 12-week efficacy of HCQ medication with that of a placebo in the management of dry eye in primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). A double-blind, randomized control study was conducted in 39 pSS subjects from May 2011 through August 2013. pSS was diagnosed based on the classification criteria of the American-European Consensus Group. Subjects received 300 mg of HCQ or placebo once daily for 12 weeks and were evaluated at baseline, 6, and 12 weeks, with a re-visit at 16 weeks after drug discontinuance. The fluorescein staining score, Schirmer test score, tear film break-up time (TBUT), and ocular surface disease index (OSDI) were measured, and tears and blood were collected for ESR, IL-6, IL-17, B-cell activating factor (BAFF), and Th17 cell analysis. Color testing was performed and the fundus was examined to monitor HCQ complications. Twenty-six subjects completed the follow-up. The fluorescein staining score and Schirmer test score did not differ significantly. The OSDI improved with medication in the HCQ group but was not significantly different between the groups. TBUT, serum IL-6, ESR, serum and tear BAFF, and the proportion of Th17 cells did not change in either group. HCQ at 300 mg daily for 12 weeks has no apparent clinical benefit for dry eye and systemic inflammation in pSS (ClinicalTrials.gov. NCT01601028).


Subject(s)
Aged , B-Cell Activating Factor/analysis , Blood Sedimentation , Double-Blind Method , Drug Administration Schedule , Dry Eye Syndromes/complications , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Female , Humans , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use , Interleukin-16/analysis , Interleukin-17/analysis , Male , Middle Aged , Placebo Effect , Prospective Studies , Sjogren's Syndrome/complications , Th17 Cells/cytology , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-189735

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the accuracy of intraocular lens power calculations using simulated keratometry (simK) of dual Scheimpflug analyzer and 5 types of formulas in cataract patients. METHODS: The keratometry (K), axial length (AXL) and anterior chamber depth (ACD) were measured using ultrasound biometry (USB) combined with auto-keratometry (Auto-K), parital coherence interferometry (PCI; IOL master®) and dual Scheimpflug analyzer (DSA; Galilei®) in 39 eyes of 39 patients. Predicted refraction was calculated using Auto-K, mean K of PCI, and simK and total corneal power (TCP) of DSA in the Sanders-Retzlaff-Kraff (SRK-T) formula. The SRK-II, SRK-T, Holladay II, Haigis, and Hoffer-Q formula were used to calculate predicted refraction with the simK of DSA and AXL of USB. Manifest refraction, mean numerical error (MNE) and mean absolute error were evaluated 1, 3 and 6 months after cataract surgery. RESULTS: TCP of DSA was lower compared with other keratometric values (p < 0.05). The MNE was not different among Auto-K, mean K and simK. The MNE using TCP was larger compared with Auto-K, mean K and simK at 1 month after surgery (p < 0.05). There was a difference in MNE between simK and TCP of DSA at 6 months after surgery (p < 0.05). The MNE of SRK-T formula was the smallest in the intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation using the simK of DSA. CONCLUSIONS: We suggest using IOL power calculations with simK of DSA and SRK-T formula rather than TCP of DSA in cataract patients with normal corneas.


Subject(s)
Anterior Chamber , Biometry , Cataract , Cornea , Humans , Interferometry , Lenses, Intraocular , Ultrasonography
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-27645

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical outcomes of primary pterygium excision combined with free conjunctival autograft. METHODS: The medical records of 112 patients (129 eyes) who underwent pterygium excision and free conjunctival autograft for primary pterygium were retrospectively reviewed for recurrence and postoperative complications and the outcomes compared with pterygium excision combined with amniotic membrane transplantation, conjunctival flap, or simple conjunctival closure. Additionally, the surgical outcomes were evaluated in relation to the intraoperative use of mitomycin C. RESULTS: Postoperative recurrences were observed in 3 of 129 eyes (2.3%) that received pterygium excision and free conjunctival autograft, 2 of 10 eyes (20.0%) that received pterygium excision with amniotic membrane transplantation, 1 of 10 eyes (10.0%) that received pterygium excision with conjunctival flap and 1 of 12 eyes (8.3%) that received pterygium excision and simple conjunctival closure. Therefore, the recurrence rate was significantly lower in patients with conjunctival autograft than in those without (p = 0.024, Breslow-Wilcoxon test). Additionally, recurrence was observed in 1 of 10 eyes (10.0%) in patients that underwent pterygium surgery when mitomycin C was used intraoperatively and in 2 of 119 eyes (1.7%) without the use of mitomycin C. CONCLUSIONS: Pterygium excision combined with free conjunctival autograft is an effective and safe surgical procedure to treat primary pterygium.


Subject(s)
Amnion , Autografts , Humans , Medical Records , Mitomycin , Postoperative Complications , Pterygium , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-45186

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To assess long-term clinical outcomes and factors influencing refractive change after implantation of hydrophilic (Akreos AO) and hydrophobic (Acrysof IQ) acrylic intraocular lens. METHODS: After phacoemulsification, intraocular lens was inserted in the bag (Akreos AO for 84 eyes and Acrysof IQ for 19 eyes). Uncorrected visual acuities (UCVA), refraction in both spherical equivalent (SE) and astigmatism were compared longitudinally in more than 2 years follow-up. Factors associated with SE change > or =0.5 diopter (D) after Akreos AO implantation were analyzed with logistic regression. RESULTS: Although Akreos AO showed hyperopic change mainly within 6 months, UCVA and astigmatism change were not statistically significant during follow up (+0.15 +/- 0.43 D, p = 0.027). UCVA, SE, astigmatism were not changed after Acrysof IQ implantation and not significantly different between two groups during follow up. Preoperative anterior chamber depth was a sole factor associated with SE change > or =0.5 D after Akreos AO implantation (p = 0.006). CONCLUSIONS: Possible hyperopic shift after Akreos AO implantation should be considered in setting target diopter, especially in eye with shallow anterior chamber.


Subject(s)
Anterior Chamber , Astigmatism , Follow-Up Studies , Hyperopia , Lenses, Intraocular , Logistic Models , Phacoemulsification , Visual Acuity
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-45177

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the transcription pattern of Nod-like receptors (NLRs), the intracellular sensors, to detect danger signals in murine eyes with experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU). METHODS: EAU was induced in B6 (C57BL/6) mice by subcutaneous injection of human interphotoreceptor retinoid binding protein and intraperitoneal injection of pertussis toxin. At 1, 2, and 3 weeks post-immunization, the eyeballs were extracted and subjected to histological and molecular assays using real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: The levels of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain, Leucine rich Repeat and Pyrin domain 1 (NLRP1), NLRP3, nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein 1 (NOD1), and NOD2 transcripts were increased at 2 weeks and gradually reduced thereafter. Notably, NLRP3 showed the highest expression in the eyes with EAU. Similarly, the transcript level of pro-inflammatory cytokine, interleukin-1beta, increased and reached a peak at 2 weeks post-immunization. The retinal structure was severely damaged by inflammation at 3 weeks post-immunization. CONCLUSIONS: Among NLRs, NLRP3 may induce inflammation in eyes after EAU immunization.


Subject(s)
Animals , Carrier Proteins , Humans , Immunization , Inflammation , Injections, Intraperitoneal , Injections, Subcutaneous , Interleukin-1beta , Leucine , Mice , Pertussis Toxin , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Retinaldehyde , Reverse Transcription , Uveitis
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-65432

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of cysteamine on mixed peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs)-chemically injured keratocytes reaction (mixed lymphocyte-keratocyte reaction; MLKR). METHODS: PBMC stimulation assay was performed after keratocytes were chemically injured with 0.05 N NaOH for 60 seconds. MLKR was treated with various concentrations of cysteamine (0-10 mM). Intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation was measured using the oxidation-sensitive fluorescent probe, 2'7'-dichlorofluorescein diacetate (DCF-DA). Proliferation rate of PBMCs stimulated by NaOH-treated keratocytes and secretion profiles of matrix metalloprotease-9 (MMP-9), transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) were determined using the bromodeoxyuridine proliferation assay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, respectively. RESULTS: Proliferation rate of PMBCs was suppressed by cysteamine in a dose-dependent manner (p = 0.019). Fluorescence of DCF-DA decreased depending on cysteamine concentration (p < 0.001). MMP-9, IL-6 and TGF-beta1 levels were suppressed by cysteamine in a dose-dependent manner (p < 0.05), whereas MIF levels increased with cysteamine concentration of 0.5-10 mM (p = 0.008). CONCLUSIONS: These study results indicate that cysteamine induced the ROS-mediated inhibition of inflammatory cytokine release and proliferation of PBMCs stimulated by chemically injured keratocytes. Thus, cysteamine can be used in the treatment of chemical corneal burns.


Subject(s)
Bromodeoxyuridine , Burns , Cysteamine , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Fluorescence , Humans , Interleukin-6 , Macrophages , Reactive Oxygen Species , Transforming Growth Factor beta1
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-65430

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate short-term clinical outcomes following hyperopic laser-assisted subepithelial keratomileusis (LASEK) in Korean patients. METHODS: This retrospective study included 18 eyes of 10 patients who underwent hyperopic LASEK between May 2005 and March 2013 in Seoul National University Hospital. Visual acuity and spherical equivalent were evaluated preoperatively and at 1 and 3 months postoperatively. High order aberrations and contrast sensitivity were measured before and 3 months after the operation. Alternative prism cover test (APCT) was performed both preoperatively with correction and postoperatively without correction. RESULTS: The mean age of patients was 32 +/- 11 years and the mean spherical equivalent refractive error was -2.95 +/- 1.24 diopters (D). Uncorrected visual acuities were log MAR +0.17 +/- 0.15 and log MAR +0.14 +/- 0.15 at postoperative 1 month and 3 months, respectively and showed no significant difference in best corrected visual acuity (+0.25 +/- 0.30). Spherical equivalent was -0.22 +/- 1.22 D at 1 month and 0.38 +/- 0.91 D at 3 months postoperatively. In 6 patients who had esotropia before the operation, APCT was 7.83 +/- 3.60 prism diopters (PD) esotropia at distance with correction preoperatively and 4.67 +/- 5.65 PD at distance without correction postoperatively. Three patients (16.7%) showed delayed wound healing with 1 (5.56 %) having persistent corneal opacity without significant visual loss. CONCLUSIONS: The effect of LASEK may be comparable for correcting hyperopia and esotropia when compared with the effect of LASIK in previous reports; however, delayed wound healing may be a concern.


Subject(s)
Contrast Sensitivity , Corneal Opacity , Esotropia , Humans , Hyperopia , Keratectomy, Subepithelial, Laser-Assisted , Keratomileusis, Laser In Situ , Refractive Errors , Retrospective Studies , Seoul , Strabismus , Visual Acuity , Wound Healing
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-65428

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of Tecnis(R) toric intraocular lens (IOL) implantation for the correction of astigmatism and rotational stability during cataract surgery in patients with cataract and astigmatism. METHODS: We prospectively analyzed 17 eyes of 14 patients with 1 to 4 diopters (D) of corneal astigmatism who underwent phacoemulsification and Tecnis(R) toric IOL implantation at Seoul National University Hospital from June 2013 to May 2014. Informed consent was obtained from all participants before the clinical trial. We evaluated the changes in visual acuity, refraction, astigmatism, IOL axis and higher order aberration for 3 months postoperatively. Power vector analysis was used to analyze astigmatism. RESULTS: The mean uncorrected visual acuity (log MAR) significantly improved from 0.58 +/- 0.34 to 0.26 +/- 0.43 at 3 months postoperatively. The mean refractive astigmatism was significantly decreased by 77.9% from a mean value of -2.67 +/- 0.89 D to -0.59 +/- 0.48 D at 3 months postoperatively. According to power vector analysis, M, B, J0, and J45 were significantly reduced after the surgery. The mean difference between achieved and intended IOL axis was 3.26 degrees clockwise at postoperative 3 months, which was statistically insignificant. Most of the rotational changes were observed within a month after the surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Phacoemulsification and Tecnis(R) toric IOL implantation in patients with cataracts and astigmatism showed efficacy for the correction of astigmatism and rotational stability.


Subject(s)
Astigmatism , Axis, Cervical Vertebra , Cataract , Humans , Informed Consent , Lens Implantation, Intraocular , Lenses, Intraocular , Phacoemulsification , Prospective Studies , Seoul , Visual Acuity
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-203444

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To report the clinical results after the implantation of intrastromal corneal ring segments (Intacs(R)) for the correction of keratoconus or keratectasia. METHODS: This retrospective study was comprised of 16 eyes treated by insertion of intrastromal corneal ring and 30 eyes treated by penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) who were diagnosed with keratoconus or keratectasia. Visual acuity, refractive outcome, keratometric values were evaluated before and at 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months postoperatively. In addition, the implanted ring segment depth was measured by anterior segment optical coherence tomography and the results were compared based on the depth of the ring. RESULTS: Twelve months after treatment, best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was log MAR 0.32 at the ring group and log MAR 0.20 at the PKP group. BCVA change was larger at the PKP group than the ring group. Postoperative keratometric value was smaller at the ring group than at the PKP group. 3 mm irregular astigmatism was larger at the ring group than at the PKP group. The shallowly implanted ring group had a larger effect than the deeply implanted ring group. CONCLUSIONS: Intrastromal corneal ring segment implantation appears to be effective in improving the visual acuity and refractive outcome, although it cannot substitute for PKP.


Subject(s)
Astigmatism , Keratoconus , Keratoplasty, Penetrating , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Visual Acuity
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-190053

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To examine the changes in meibomian glands associated with aging in a normal Korean population and to estimate the differences between the upper and lower eyelid in each age group. METHODS: We performed meibography on adult subjects using an infrared charge-coupled device (CCD) camera. Each eyelid was scored based on the loss of meibomian glands, and the meiboscores of the upper and lower eyelids were summed to obtain a score for each eye. Meiboscores were evaluated according to age, sex, and upper and lower eyelid meiboscores in each age group. RESULTS: One hundred seventeen eyes of 117 people were enrolled in this study. The study subjects had an average age of 50.4 +/- 19.1 years (range, 20-92; male, 56; female, 61). There was a significant positive correlation between age and total meiboscore, upper and lower eyelid meiboscore (r = 0.578, p < 0.001; r = 0.550, p < 0.001; r = 0.524, p < 0.001). There were no significant differences in the meiboscores of the upper and lower eyelids in any age group, though meiboscores were significantly higher since 40 year-old group than 20 year-old group (p < 0.001, p < 0.001, p < 0.001, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Based on noncontact meibography in normal adult eyes, the authors concluded that prevalence of changes in the meibomian glands was about 60% and changes in meibomian glands increase with age.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aging , Eyelids , Female , Humans , Male , Meibomian Glands , Prevalence
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-226696

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical significance of the internal lens signal measured using dual Scheimpflug anterior segment analyzer (Galilei(TM), Ziemer, Switzerland) in patients receiving cataract surgery. METHODS: The present study included 151 eyes of 148 patients who received surgery for senile cataracts from February 2012 to January 2013. Preoperative internal lens signals were measured preoperatively. The depth of anterior chamber and anterior angles were measured using dual Scheimpflug anterior segment analyzer preoperatively and 1 month postoperatively. Preoperative and postoperative best-corrected visual acuities (BCVAs) were measured. The relationships between preoperative internal lens signal and the changes in BCVA or anterior angles were evaluated. RESULTS: Internal lens signal and preoperative BCVA (log MAR) or preoperative anterior chamber depth were highly correlated (r = 0.287, p = 0.001 and r = -0.271, p = 0.004, respectively). Anterior angles increased 1 month after surgery compared with the preoperative values (p < 0.001). The amount of change between preoperative and postoperative anterior angles correlated with preoperative anterior angles (p < 0.001). However, no statistically significant correlation was observed between internal lens signal and preoperative anterior angles or postoperative BCVA. Internal lens signal correlated with changes in postoperative anterior angles (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Internal lens signal correlated with preoperative visual acuity and may help evaluate the cataract severity quantitatively and objectively. Internal lens signal may aid in understanding the structure of anterior segments by predicting the lens volume. Knowing the effect of visual impairment due to cataracts and predicting visual improvement after cataract surgery is necessary.


Subject(s)
Anterior Chamber , Cataract , Humans , Vision Disorders , Visual Acuity
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-90595

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of combined photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and cataract surgery in granular corneal dystrophy (GCD) patients with corneal stromal haziness compromising vision and cataract and clinically significant lens opacity. METHODS: Medical records of 12 eyes that underwent PRK and cataract surgery between August 2009 and November 2013 in patients with GCD and cataracts were retrospectively evaluated. All PRKs were performed with the VISX S4 IR (VISX, Santa Clara, CA, USA). The double K SRK-T formula or double K Hoffer Q formula and postoperative corrected K were utilized to determine the intraocular lens power in patients with prior PRK. Postoperative best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), spherical equivalent, presence of the central island using topography analysis and recurrence of corneal opacity after combined PRK and cataract surgery were evaluated. RESULTS: In all eyes, the PRK was successful and 3 eyes showed recurrence of corneal opacities without visual impairment during a mean follow-up of 36.6 months. The mean BCVA improved with an average increase of 4.63 lines (minimum 1 line, maximum 9 lines) and no patient showed any BCVA loss. Final spherical equivalent was -0.56 diopter (D) and the corneal central island was reported in only 1 eye. The Maloney method using the double-K formula with the SRK/T formula showed the lowest absolute error of 0.33 +/- 0.25 D. CONCLUSIONS: Combined PRK and cataract surgery are effective methods for improving BCVA if patients with GCD have both visually significant diffuse corneal haze and clinically significant lens opacity.


Subject(s)
Cataract , Corneal Opacity , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lenses, Intraocular , Medical Records , Photorefractive Keratectomy , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Vision Disorders , Visual Acuity
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