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1.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 468-478, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976698

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We aimed to investigate the feasibility of four criteria on oligometastasis (OM) concerning clear survival benefits of local therapy (LT) during tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment in non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). @*Materials and Methods@#This single-center, retrospective study included patients with advanced NSCLC who received LT because of OM during TKI treatment at Asan Medical Center from January 2011 to December 2020. At the application of LT OM was classified according to four criteria: TNM, European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Lung Cancer Group (EORTC-LCG), National Comprehensive Network (NCCN), and ORGAN. We compared survival outcomes between patients with and without OM. @*Results@#The median overall survival of the 117 patients included in the analysis was 70.8 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 56.6 to 85.1). The patients with OM meeting all four criteria (hazard ratio [HR] with 95% CI of TNM criteria 0.24 with 0.10-0.57; p=0.001, EORTC-LCG criteria 0.34 with 0.17-0.67; p=0.002, NCCN criteria 0.41 with 0.20-0.86; p=0.018 and ORGAN criteria 0.33 with 0.18-0.60; p < 0.001) had significantly longer survival compared with patients who did not after adjusting for confounding factors. Furthermore, increasing the number of extra-thoracic metastatic organs to two or more were independent predictive factors for worse survival outcomes (2 organs: HR, 3.51; 95% CI, 1.01 to 12.14; p=0.048; 3 organs: HR, 4.31; 95% CI, 0.94 to 19.73; p=0.060; 4 organs: HR, 24.47; 95% CI, 5.08 to 117.80; p < 0.001). @*Conclusion@#Patients with OM defined by all four criteria showed prognostic benefits from LT during TKI therapy.

2.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1181-1189, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999834

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The detection rate of early-stage lung cancer with ground-glass opacity (GGO) has increased, and stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) has been suggested as an alternative to surgery in inoperable patients. However, reports on treatment results are limited. Therefore, we performed a retrospective study to investigate the clinical outcome after SBRT in patients with early-stage lung cancer with GGO-predominant tumor lesions at a single institution. @*Materials and Methods@#This study included 89 patients with 99 lesions who were treated with SBRT for lung cancer with GGO-predominant lesions that had a consolidation-to-tumor ratio of ≤0.5 at Asan Medical Center between July 2016 and July 2021. A median total dose of 56.0 Gy (range, 48.0–60.0) was delivered using 10.0–15.0 Gy per fraction. @*Results@#The overall follow-up period for the study was median 33.0 months (range, 9.9 to 65.9 months). There was 100% local control with no recurrences in any of the 99 treated lesions. Three patients had regional recurrences outside of the radiation field, and three had distant metastasis. The 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year overall survival rates were 100.0%, 91.6%, and 82.8%, respectively. Univariate analysis revealed that advanced age and a low level of diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide were significantly associated with overall survival. There were no patients with grade ≥3 toxicity. @*Conclusion@#SBRT is a safe and effective treatment for patients with GGO-predominant lung cancer lesions and is likely to be considered as an alternative to surgery.

3.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e244-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001070

ABSTRACT

Background@#Although bronchoscopic cryotherapy (BC) is a pragmatic modality for recanalization of central airway obstruction (CAO), the risk of complications, such as bleeding, remains a concern. This study aimed to present the clinical outcomes of BC and evaluate the factors associated with its complications. @*Methods@#In this retrospective study, we reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent BC for CAO at the Asan Medical Center, South Korea. Most sessions were conducted via flexible bronchoscopy under moderate sedation. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the factors associated with the success rate and complications. @*Results@#BC was performed in 262 sessions in 208 patients between January 2009 and December 2020. The most common cause of cryotherapy was recanalization of the endobronchial tumor related CAO (233/262, 88.9%). More than partial re-establishment of airway patency was achieved in 211 of 233 (90.6%) sessions. The success rate did not differ significantly in the multivariate logistic regression analysis. The most common complication was intrabronchial bleeding (78/233, 35.5%); however, severe bleeding occurred only in one case (0.4%). Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses revealed that diabetes mellitus (odds ratio [OR] = 2.820, P = 0.011), respiratory failure before BC (OR = 3.546, P = 0.028), and presence of distal airway atelectasis (OR = 0.417, P = 0.021) were independently associated with moderate to severe intrabronchial bleeding, while the histologic type of tumor was not related to bleeding. BC for CAO caused by blood clot or foreign body was successful in most cases, and there were no complications. @*Conclusion@#BC is an efficient and relatively safe intervention for patients with CAO. Our findings suggest that diabetes, respiratory failure before BC, and the absence of distal airway atelectasis may be risk factors of moderate to severe intrabronchial bleeding.

4.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e236-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001059

ABSTRACT

Background@#Lung cancer is associated with significant psychological distress, including fear of progression (FoP). Because insomnia and depression are highly prevalent and associated with FoP, we examined the association between FoP, insomnia, and depression in cancer patients. Furthermore, we tested the mediation effect of cancer-related dysfunctional beliefs about sleep (C-DBS) on this association. @*Methods@#We analyzed data collected from patients with surgically resected non-small cell lung cancer from a single-center randomized controlled study investigating digital healthcare applications. Baseline demographic and clinical variables were collected. In addition, selfreported questionnaires including the Fear of Progression Questionnaire-Short Form, Patients Health Questionnaire-9 items (PHQ-9), Insomnia Severity Index, and C-DBS were administered. @*Results@#Among the 320 enrolled patients with lung cancer, a regression model showed that FoP was predicted by age (β = −0.13, P = 0.007), PHQ-9 (β = 0.35, P < 0.001), and C-DBS (β = 0.28, P < 0.001). Insomnia did not directly influence FoP, but C-DBS mediated the association. Depression directly influenced FoP, but C-DBS did not mediate this association. @*Conclusion@#Among patients with surgically resected lung cancer, C-DBS mediated the effects of severity of insomnia on FoP. Depression directly influenced FoP, but C-DBS did not influence this association. To reduce FoP among patients with lung cancer, C-DBS should be addressed in the cognitive behavioral therapy module.

5.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e13-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967449

ABSTRACT

Background@#Although almost all interventional pulmonologists agree that rigid bronchoscopy is irreplaceable in the field of interventional pulmonology, less is known about the types of diseases that the procedure is used for and what difficulties the operators face during the procedure. The purpose of this study is to evaluate what diseases rigid bronchoscopy is used for, whether it is widely used, and what challenges the operators face in Korea. @*Methods@#We enrolled 14 hospitals in this retrospective cohort of patients who underwent rigid bronchoscopy between 2003 and 2020. An online survey was conducted with 14 operators to investigate the difficulties associated with the procedure. @*Results@#While the number of new patients at Samsung Medical Center (SMC) increased from 189 in 2003–2005 to 468 in 2018–2020, that of other institutions increased from 0 to 238.The proportion of SMC patients in the total started at 100% and steadily decreased to 59.2%.The proportion of malignancy as the indication for the procedure steadily increased from 29.1% to 43.0%, whereas post-tuberculous stenosis (25.4% to 12.9%) and post-intubation stenosis (19.0% to 10.9%) steadily decreased (all P for trends < 0.001). In the online survey, half of the respondents stated that over the past year they performed less than one procedure per month. The fewer the procedures performed within the last year, the more likely collaboration with other departments was viewed as a recent obstacle (Spearman correlation coefficient, r s = −0.740, P = 0.003) and recent administrative difficulties were encountered (r s = −0.616, P = 0.019). @*Conclusion@#This study demonstrated that the number of patients undergoing rigid bronchoscopy has been increasing, especially among cancer patients. For this procedure to be used more widely, it will be important for beginners to systematically learn about the procedure itself as well as to achieve multidisciplinary consultation.

6.
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases ; : 105-114, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875547

ABSTRACT

Background@#Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has been used frequently, and its use continues to increase in lung cancer patients, despite insufficient scientific of its efficacy. To investigate this situation, we analyzed the current awareness and use of CAM in Korean lung-cancer patients. Methods: This prospective survey–based study was performed at seven medical centers in South Korea between August and October 2019. The survey assessed general patient characteristics and the awareness and use of CAM. We analyzed differences in the clinical parameters of patients aware and not aware of CAM and of CAM non-users and users. @*Results@#Of the 434 patients included in this study, 68.8% responded that they were aware of CAM and 30.9% said they had experienced it. In univariate analysis, the patients aware of CAM were younger with poor performance status, had advanced-stage lung cancer, received more systemic therapy, and received concurrent chemoradiation therapy (CCRT). By multiple logistic regression, younger age, poor performance status, advanced stage, and prior CCRT were identified as independent risk factors for CAM awareness. There were no significant differences in the general characteristics and cancer-associated clinical parameters of CAM non-users and users. @*Conclusion@#Specific clinical parameters were associated with patients’ awareness of CAM, although there were no significantly different characteristics between CAM users and non-users.

7.
Endocrinology and Metabolism ; : 196-200, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874535

ABSTRACT

Although obesity is a risk factor for infection, whether it has the same effect on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) need confirming. We conducted a retrospective propensity score matched case-control study to examine the association between obesity and COVID-19. This study included data from the Nationwide COVID-19 Registry and the Biennial Health Checkup database, until May 30, 2020. We identified 2,231 patients with confirmed COVID-19 and 10-fold-matched negative test controls. Overweight (body mass index [BMI] 23 to 24.9 kg/m2; adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1.16; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.1.03 to 1.30) and class 1 obesity (BMI 25 to 29.9 kg/m2; aOR, 1.27; 95% CI, 1.14 to 1.42) had significantly increased COVID-19 risk, while classes 2 and 3 obesity (BMI ≥30 kg/m2) showed similar but non-significant trend. Females and those <50 years had more robust association pattern. Overweight and obesity are possible risk factors of COVID-19.

8.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 104-111, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874345

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#As the aging of society progresses, the proportion of extremely older lung cancer patients has also increased; However, studies of these patients with non–small cell lung cancer are limited. Therefore, we investigated the initial treatment modalities and survival outcomes for patients aged 80 years or over. @*Materials and Methods@#We included a multicenter retrospective cohort from the Korean Association for Lung Cancer Registry, which surveys 10% of the newly diagnosed lung cancer patients across 52 hospitals in Korea. We analyzed and compared the 2014–2016 data of the non–small cell lung cancer patients aged ≥ 80 years and those aged < 80 years. @*Results@#Of the 6,576 patients reviewed, 780 patients were aged ≥ 80 years, and 5,796 patients were aged < 80 years. In the patients aged ≥ 80 years, surgery and radiation therapy resulted in longer patient survival among those with a resectable tumor (stage I–II) than the best supportive care (median survival, not reached [surgery] vs. 32.2 months [radiation therapy] vs. 11.43 months [best supportive care]). The duration of survival in patients with advanced-stage (IV) lung cancers was higher after chemotherapy than after the best supportive care (median survival, 8.63 months vs. 2.5 months). Patients with stage IV adenocarcinoma who received targeted therapy had better survival than those who did not (median survival, 9.0 months vs. 4.3 months). @*Conclusion@#Even in extremely older patients, active treatments, such as surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy, can result in better survival outcomes than the best supportive care.

9.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1033-1041, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913801

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The optimal treatment for patients with stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains controversial. This study aimed to investigate prognostic factors and clinical outcome in stage III NSCLC using real-world clinical data in the Korean population. @*Materials and Methods@#Among 8,110 patients with lung cancer selected from 52 hospitals in Korea during 2014-2016, only patients with stage III NSCLC were recruited and analyzed. A standardized protocol was used to collect clinical information and cox proportional hazards models were used to identify risk factors for mortality. @*Results@#A total of 1,383 patients (46.5% had squamous cell carcinoma and 40.9% had adenocarcinoma) with stage III NSCLC were enrolled, and their median age was 70 years. Regarding clinical stage, 548 patients (39.6%) had stage IIIA, 517 (37.4%) had stage IIIB, and 318 (23.0%) had stage IIIC. Pertaining to the initial treatment method, the surgery group (median survival period: 36 months) showed better survival outcomes than the non-surgical treatment group (median survival period: 18 months, p=0.001) in patients with stage IIIA. Moreover, among patients with stage IIIB and stage IIIC, those who received concurrent chemotherapy and radiation therapy (CCRT, median survival period: 24 months) showed better survival outcomes than those who received chemotherapy (median survival period: 11 months), or radiation therapy (median survival period: 10 months, p<0.001). @*Conclusion@#While surgery might be feasible as the initial treatment option in patients with stage IIIA NSCLC, CCRT showed a beneficial role in patients with stage IIIB and IIIC NSCLC.

10.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e237-2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831644

ABSTRACT

Background@#The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is an emerging threat worldwide. It remains unclear how comorbidities affect the risk of infection and severity of COVID-19. @*Methods@#This is a nationwide retrospective case-control study of 219,961 individuals, aged 18 years or older, whose medical costs for COVID-19 testing were claimed until May 15, 2020. COVID-19 diagnosis and infection severity were identified from reimbursement data using diagnosis codes and on the basis of respiratory support use, respectively. Odds ratios (ORs) were estimated using multiple logistic regression, after adjusting for age, sex, region, healthcare utilization, and insurance status. @*Results@#The COVID-19 group (7,341 of 219,961) was young and had a high proportion of female. Overall, 13.0% (954 of 7,341) of the cases were severe. The severe COVID-19 group had older patients and a proportion of male ratio than did the non-severe group. Diabetes (odds ratio range [ORR], 1.206–1.254), osteoporosis (ORR, 1.128–1.157), rheumatoid arthritis (ORR, 1.207–1.244), substance use (ORR, 1.321–1.381), and schizophrenia (ORR, 1.614–1.721) showed significant association with COVID-19. In terms of severity, diabetes (OR, 1.247; 95% confidential interval, 1.009–1.543), hypertension (ORR, 1.245–1.317), chronic lower respiratory disease (ORR, 1.216–1.233), chronic renal failure, and end-stage renal disease (ORR, 2.052–2.178) were associated with severe COVID-19. @*Conclusion@#We identified several comorbidities associated with COVID-19. Health care workers should be more careful while diagnosing and treating COVID-19 when patients have the abovementioned comorbidities.

11.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 1784-1791, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-225695

ABSTRACT

Lung squamous cell cancer (SCC) is typically found in smokers and has a very low incidence in non-smokers, indicating differences in the tumor biology of lung SCC in smokers and non-smokers. However, the specific mutations that drive tumor growth in non-smokers have not been identified. To identify mutations in lung SCC of non-smokers, we performed a genetic analysis using arrays comparative genomic hybridization (ArrayCGH). We analyzed 19 patients with lung SCC who underwent surgical treatment between April 2005 and April 2015. Clinical characteristics were reviewed, and DNA was extracted from fresh frozen lung cancer specimens. All of copy number alterations from ArrayCGH were validated using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) copy number variation (CNV) data of lung SCC. We examined the frequency of copy number changes according to the smoking status (non-smoker [n = 8] or smoker [n = 11]). We identified 16 significantly altered regions from ArrayCGH data, three gain and four loss regions overlapped with the TCGA lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC) patients. Within these overlapped significant regions, we detected 15 genes that have been reported in the Cancer Gene census. We also found that the proto-oncogene GAB2 (11q14.1) was significantly amplified in non-smokers patients and vice versa in both ArrayCGH and TCGA data. Immunohistochemical analyses showed that GAB2 protein was relatively upregulated in non-smoker than smoker tissues (37.5% vs. 9.0%, P = 0.007). GAB2 amplification may have an important role in the development of lung SCC in non-smokers. GAB2 may represent a potential biomarker for lung SCC in non-smokers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Censuses , Comparative Genomic Hybridization , DNA , Epithelial Cells , Genes, Neoplasm , Genome , Incidence , Lung Neoplasms , Lung , Neoplasms, Squamous Cell , Proto-Oncogenes , Smoke , Smoking
12.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 462-465, 2014.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-192837

ABSTRACT

A 68-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with obstructive jaundice. Abdominal CT scan demonstrated a mass at the head of the pancreas. The patient was diagnosed as having obstructive jaundice caused by pancreatic cancer. We tried to relieve the bile duct obstruction by ERCP (endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography). After several cannulation attempts, we thought that we had achieved deep cannulation of the bile duct and tried to place a biliary plastic stent. During ERCP, however, we noticed massive air in the portal venous system, indicating possible cannulation of the portal vein. The procedure was terminated immediately and abdominal computed tomography revealed air in the portal venous system. Fortunately, there were no subsequent complications. The air in the portal vein had disappeared, ascertained by CT scan taken 5 days later. The patient underwent surgical resection for pancreatic cancer. Isolated portal vein cannulation per se does not usually result in mortality or serious morbidity.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Bile Ducts , Catheterization , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholestasis , Head , Jaundice, Obstructive , Mortality , Pancreas , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Plastics , Portal Vein , Stents , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
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