Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 109
Filter
1.
Ultrasonography ; : 323-332, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969225

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to evaluate the role of Doppler ultrasound (US) and elastography to identify residual breast cancer for patients showing near complete response following chemotherapy on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). @*Methods@#Between September 2016 and January 2018, 40 breast cancer patients who showed near complete response (either tumor size ≤0.5 cm or lesion-to-background parenchymal signal enhancement ratio ≤1.6) on MRI following neoadjuvant chemotherapy were prospectively enrolled. After excluding seven women who did not undergo Doppler US and elastography, 33 women (median age, 49 years; range, 32 to 67 years) were analyzed. On the day of surgery, women underwent Doppler US and elastography for tumor bed prior to US-guided core needle biopsy. Histopathologic results of biopsy and surgery were evaluated. Negative predictive value (NPV) and false negative rate (FNR) of biopsy and the combined Doppler US and elastography were analyzed, respectively. @*Results@#After surgery, nine women had residual cancers and 24 women had pathologic complete response. The NPV and FNR of biopsy were 92% (24 of 26) and 22% (2 of 9), respectively. The NPV and FNR of combined Doppler US and elastography were 100% (14 of 14) and 0% (0 of 9), respectively. All of nine women with residual cancers had positive vascularity or elasticity. Two women with false-negative biopsy results, having 0.3 cm or 2.5 cm ductal carcinoma in situ at surgery, showed positive vascularity or elasticity. @*Conclusion@#Tumor bed showing positive vascularity or elasticity indicates residual breast cancer for patients showing near complete response on MRI following chemotherapy.

2.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 562-569, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976710

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#In sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy (SLNB) during breast cancer surgery, SLN mapping using dye and isotope (DUAL) may have lower false-negative rates than the dye-only (DYE) method. However, the long-term outcomes of either method are unclear. We aimed to compare long-term oncological outcomes of DYE and DUAL for SLNB in early breast cancer. @*Materials and Methods@#This retrospective single-institution cohort study included 5,795 patients (DYE, 2,323; DUAL, 3,472) with clinically node-negative breast cancer who underwent SLNB and no neoadjuvant therapy. Indigo carmine was used for the dye method and Tc99m-antimony trisulfate for the isotope. To compare long-term outcomes, pathologic N0 patients were selected from both groups, and propensity score matching (PSM), considering age, pT category, breast surgery, and adjuvant treatment, was performed (1,441 patients in each group). @*Results@#The median follow-up duration was 8.7 years. The median number of harvested sentinel nodes was 3.21 and 3.12 in the DYE and DUAL groups, respectively (p=0.112). The lymph node–positive rate was not significantly different between the two groups in subgroups of similar tumor sizes (p > 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression revealed that the mapping method was not significantly associated with the lymph node–positive rate (p=0.758). After PSM, the 5-year axillary recurrence rate (DYE 0.8% vs. DUAL 0.6%, p=0.096), and 5-year disease-free survival (DYE 93.9% vs. DUAL 93.7%, p=0.402) were similar between the two groups. @*Conclusion@#Dye alone for SLNB was not inferior to dual mapping regarding long-term oncological outcomes in early breast cancer.

3.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 514-518, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000787

ABSTRACT

The use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in older patients is increasing. However, chemotherapy should be administered considering the medical comorbidities of the patients and the toxicity of chemotherapeutic agents. Here, we present a case of abdominal wall hematoma with spontaneous inferior epigastric artery injury caused by coughing in a 70-year-old woman who was treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Abdominal computed tomography demonstrated an abdominal wall hematoma with active bleeding. However, angiography with selective embolization of the right inferior epigastric artery and the right internal mammary artery was performed successfully. Scheduled chemotherapy was discontinued over concerns of rebleeding and breast-conserving surgery was performed. When deciding on chemotherapy for older patients, attention should be paid to the various complications.

4.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 353-362, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000776

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Several predictive models have been developed to predict the pathological complete response (pCR) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC); however, few are broadly applicable owing to radiologic complexity and institution-specific clinical variables, and none have been externally validated. This study aimed to develop and externally validate a machine learning model that predicts pCR after NAC in patients with breast cancer using routinely collected clinical and demographic variables. @*Methods@#The electronic medical records of patients with advanced breast cancer who underwent NAC before surgical resection between January 2017 and December 2020 were reviewed. Patient data from Seoul National University Bundang Hospital were divided into training and internal validation cohorts. Five machine learning techniques, including gradient boosting machine (GBM), support vector machine, random forest, decision tree, and neural network, were used to build predictive models, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was compared to select the best model. Finally, the model was validated using an independent cohort from Seoul National University Hospital. @*Results@#A total of 1,003 patients were included in the study: 287, 71, and 645 in the training, internal validation, and external validation cohorts, respectively. Overall, 36.3% of the patients achieved pCR. Among the five machine learning models, the GBM showed the highest AUC for pCR prediction (AUC, 0.903; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.833–0.972).External validation confirmed an AUC of 0.833 (95% CI, 0.800–0.865). @*Conclusion@#Commonly available clinical and demographic variables were used to develop a machine learning model for predicting pCR following NAC. External validation of the model demonstrated good discrimination power, indicating that routinely collected variables were sufficient to build a good prediction model.

5.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 344-352, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000770

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Latissimus dorsi mini-flap (LDMF) reconstruction after breast-conserving surgery (BCS) is a useful volume replacement technique when a large tumor is located in the upper or outer portion of the breast. However, few studies have reported the impact of LDMF on patients’ quality of life (QoL) and cosmesis compared with conventional BCS. @*Methods@#We identified patients who underwent BCS with or without LDMF between 2010 and 2020 at a single center. At least 1 year after surgery, we prospectively administered the BREAST-Q to assess QoL and obtained the patients’ breast photographs. The cosmetic outcome was assessed using four panels composed of physicians and the BCCT.core software. @*Results@#A total of 120 patients were enrolled, of whom 62 and 58 underwent LDMF or BCS only, respectively. The LDMF group had significantly larger tumors, shorter nipple-to-tumor distances in preoperative examinations, and larger resected breast volumes than did the BCSonly group (p < 0.001). The questionnaires revealed that QoL was poorer in the LDMF group, particularly in terms of the physical well-being score (40.9 vs. 20.1, p < 0.001). Notably, the level of patients’ cosmetic satisfaction with their breasts was comparable, and the cosmetic evaluation was assessed by panels and the BCCT.core software showed no differences between the groups. @*Conclusion@#Our results showed that cosmetic outcomes of performing LDMF are comparable to those of BCS alone while having the advantage of resecting larger volumes of breast tissue. Therefore, for those who strongly wish to preserve the cosmesis of their breasts, LDMF can be considered a favorable surgical option after the patient is oriented toward the potential for physical dysfunction after surgery.

6.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 25-36, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925173

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To evaluate the axillary recurrence rate and usefulness of axillary ultrasound (AUS) during supplementary whole-breast ultrasound (US) screening in women with a personal history of breast cancer (PHBC). @*Methods@#A retrospective database search identified consecutive asymptomatic women who underwent postoperative supplemental whole-breast US screening, including that of the bilateral axillae, after negative findings on mammography between January and June 2017. Using the pathologic data or at least 1-year follow-up data as reference standards, the axillary recurrence rate, cancer detection rate (CDR), interval axillary recurrence rate per 1,000 screenings, sensitivity, specificity, and abnormal interpretation rate (AIR) were estimated. @*Results@#From the data of 4,430 women (mean age, 55.0 ± 10.1 years) analyzed in this study, there were five axillary recurrence cases (1.1/1,000) in the median follow-up period of 57.2 months. AUS showed a CDR of 0.2 (1/4,430; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.01–1.3) and an interval axillary recurrence rate of 0.9 (4/4,402; 95% CI, 0.2–2.3) per 1,000 examinations. The sensitivity and specificity were 20.0% (1/5; 95% CI, 0.5–71.6), and 99.4% (4,398/4,425; 95% CI, 99.1–99.6), respectively, while the AIR was 0.6% (28/4,430; 95% CI, 0.4–0.9%). @*Conclusion@#In asymptomatic women with a PHBC and negative findings on mammography, axillary recurrence after breast cancer and axillary treatment was uncommon, and the supplemental AUS screening yielded 0.2 cancers per 1,000 examinations.

7.
Journal of Breast Disease ; (2): 53-59, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937783

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The standard care for patients with ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR) after breast-conserving surgery (BCS) is a total mastectomy (TM); however, there is growing interest in repeating BCS for IBTR. @*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed patients with IBTR who underwent initial BCS for breast cancer at our institution between January 2000 and December 2018. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to compare survival rates between the standard BCS-TM treatment group and the repeat-BCS group. @*Results@#We enrolled 209 IBTR patients with a median follow-up of 102.3 months. No significant differences were observed in overall survival (10 years: 87.3% vs. 78.8%; hazard ratio [HR], 1.11; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.44-2.81; p=0.821), distant metastasis free survival (10 years: 73.9% vs. 77.7%; HR, 0.80; 95% CI, 0.37-1.72; p=0.727) and disease-free survival (10 years: 57.1% vs. 65.2%; HR, 0.63; 95% CI, 0.35-1.12; p=0.115) between two groups. Repeat-BCS group showed significantly poorer locoregional recurrence free survival rate than did the TM group (HR, 2.44; 95% CI, 1.06-5.56; p=0.029) but the significance was not shown after excluding ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence events. @*Conclusion@#No significant differences were observed in survival outcomes and recurrence rates between patients with IBTR who underwent mastectomy or repeat BCS regardless of molecular subtype, except secondary IBTR rates.

8.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 164-177, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937760

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) does not have defined therapeutic targets and is currently treated with chemotherapy only. Kinase dysregulation triggers cancer cell proliferation and metastasis and is a crucial therapeutic target for cancer. In this study, targeted kinome sequencing of TNBC tumors was performed to assess the association between kinome gene alterations and disease outcomes in TNBC. @*Methods@#A kinome gene panel consisting of 612 genes was used for the targeted sequencing of 166 TNBC samples and matched normal tissues. Analyses of the significantly mutated genes were performed. Genomic differences between Asian and non-Asian patients with TNBC were evaluated using two Asian TNBC datasets (from Seoul National University Hospital [SNUH] and Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center [FUSCC]) and three nonAsian TNBC datasets (The Cancer Genome Atlas [TCGA], METABRIC, and Gustave Roussy).The prognostic value of kinome gene mutations was evaluated using tumor mutational burden (TMB) and oncogenic pathway analyses. Mutational profiles from the TCGA were used for validation. @*Results@#The significantly mutated genes included TP53 (60% of patients), PIK3CA (21%), BRCA2 (8%), and ATM (8%). Compared with data from non-Asian public databases, the mutation rates of PIK3CA p.H1047R/Q were significantly higher in the SNUH cohort (p = 0.003, 0.048, and 0.032, respectively). This was verified using the FUSCC dataset (p = 0.003, 0.078, and 0.05, respectively). The TMB-high group showed a trend toward longer progression-free survival in our cohort and the TCGA TNBC cohort (p = 0.041 and 0.195, respectively). Kinome gene alterations in the Wnt pathway in patients with TNBC were associated with poor survival in both datasets (p = 0.002 and 0.003, respectively). @*Conclusion@#Comprehensive analyses of kinome gene alterations in TNBC revealed genomic alterations that offer therapeutic targets and should help identify high-risk patients more precisely in future studies.

9.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 520-530, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914823

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The oncoplastic breast-conserving surgery (OPS) technique, combined with the principles of oncological safety and plastic surgery, results in complete tumor resection while preserving the natural appearance of the breast. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term oncological results after OPS compared with conventional breast-conserving surgery (BCS) for early breast cancer. @*Methods@#The medical records of patients who underwent breast cancer surgery and adjuvant radiation therapy at Seoul National University Hospital between 2011 and 2014 were reviewed. Ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR)-free survival rate and recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates were compared between the OPS and BCS groups. @*Results@#One-to-one propensity score matching was conducted, yielding 371 patients in each group. The mean tumor distance from the nipple was shorter, and the mean retrieved specimen size and pathologic tumor size, including ductal carcinoma in situ, were larger in the OPS group than in the conventional BCS group (p < 0.001). Surgical margin positivity was not significantly different between the two groups (p = 0.777). The surgical technique was not significantly associated with IBTR (OPS versus conventional BCS, 5-year survival rate, 96.9% vs. 98.6%; p = 0.355) and RFS (5-year survival rate, 92.9% vs. 94.5%; p = 0.357) on the log-rank test. Multivariate analysis revealed that OPS versus conventional BCS was not significantly associated with survival outcomes. @*Conclusion@#We observed no significant differences in long-term IBTR and RFS between the OPS and conventional BCS groups in this retrospective analysis. OPS can be an oncologically and surgically safe alternative option for conventional BCS for early breast cancer.

10.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 65-76, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874347

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study investigated the association of insulin, metformin, and statin use with survival and whether the association was modified by the hormone receptor status of the tumor in patients with breast cancer. @*Materials and Methods@#We studied 7,452 patients who had undergone surgery for breast cancer at Seoul National University Hospital from 2008 to 2015 using the nationwide claims database. Exposure was defined as a recorded prescription of each drug within 12 months before the diagnosis of breast cancer. @*Results@#Patients with prior insulin or statin use were more likely to be older than 50 years at diagnosis and had a higher comorbidity index than those without it (p < 0.01 for both). The hazard ratio (HR) for death with insulin use was 5.7 (p < 0.01), and the effect was attenuated with both insulin and metformin exposure with an HR of 1.2 (p=0.60). In the subgroup analyses, a heightened risk of death with insulin was further prominent with an HR of 17.9 (p < 0.01) and was offset by co-administration of metformin with an HR of 1.3 (p=0.67) in patients with estrogen receptor (ER)–negative breast cancer. Statin use was associated with increased overall mortality only in patients with ER-positive breast cancer with HR for death of 1.5 (p=0.05). @*Conclusion@#Insulin or statin use before the diagnosis of breast cancer was associated with an increase in all-cause mortality. Subsequent analyses suggested that metformin or statin use may have been protective in patients with ER-negative disease, which warrants further studies.

11.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 301-314, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899004

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Trastuzumab is effective in early and advanced human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer. However, few studies have reported the effect of trastuzumab on ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR), whose incidence is higher in the HER2-positive subtype than in other subtypes. @*Methods@#We retrospectively investigated 959 patients who underwent breast-conserving surgery (BCS), chemotherapy, and radiotherapy for HER2-positive breast cancer between 2000 and 2017. IBTR was compared between the patients who received neoadjuvant or adjuvant trastuzumab (Tmab group) for a total duration of 1 year and those who received no trastuzumab (N-Tmab group). @*Results@#Propensity score matching designated 426 and 142 patients in the Tmab and N-Tmab groups, respectively. The median follow-up period for all patients after matching was 73.79 months. The IBTR-free survival rate was significantly higher in the Tmab group than in the N-Tmab group (10-year IBTR-free survival rate, 92.9% vs. 87.3%; p = 0.002). The multivariate analysis showed a significant association between the N-Tmab and Tmab group (hazard ratio, 3.03; 95% confidence interval, 1.07–8.59) and IBTR in addition to close or positive resection margin and hormone receptor (HR) positivity. The subgroup analysis showed that adjuvant treatment with trastuzumab significantly reduced IBTR among the patients with HR-negative or lymph node-negative breast cancer. @*Conclusion@#Significantly reduced IBTR after BCS was observed in the patients who received 1 year of adjuvanteoadjuvant trastuzumab treatment for HER2-positive breast cancer.

12.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 63-74, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898997

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) has become a standard axillary staging surgery for early breast cancer, and the proportion of patients requiring axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) is decreasing. We aimed to evaluate the association between the number of sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) retrieved and the risk of lymphedema of the ipsilateral arm. @*Methods@#Prospectively collected medical records of 910 patients were reviewed.Lymphedema was defined as a difference in circumference > 2 cm compared to the contralateral arm and/or having clinical records of lymphedema treatment in the rehabilitation clinic. @*Results@#Together with an objective and subjective assessment of lymphedema, 36 patients (6.1%) had lymphedema in the SLNB group and 85 patients (27.0%) had lymphedema in the ALND group (p < 0.001). In a multivariate analysis of the whole cohort, risk factors significantly associated risk with the development of lymphedema were body mass index, mastectomy (vs.breast-conserving surgery), ALND, and radiation therapy. In logistic regression models in the SLNB group only, there was no correlation between the number of retrieved SLNs and the incidence of lymphedema. In addition, in the Pearson correlation analysis, no correlation was observed between the number of retrieved SLNs and the difference in circumference between the ipsilateral and contralateral upper extremities (correlation coefficients = 0.067, p = 0.111). @*Conclusion@#The risk of lymphedema in breast cancer surgery and adjuvant treatments is multifactorial. The number of retrieved lymph nodes during sentinel biopsy was not associated with the incidence of lymphedema.

13.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 164-174, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898981

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#In this trial, we investigated the efficacy and safety of adjuvant letrozole for hormone receptor (HR)-positive breast cancer. Here, we report the clinical outcome in postmenopausal women with HR-positive breast cancer treated with adjuvant letrozole according to estrogen receptor (ER) expression levels. @*Methods@#In this multi-institutional, open-label, observational study, postmenopausal patients with HR-positive breast cancer received adjuvant letrozole (2.5 mg/daily) for 5 years unless they experienced disease progression or unacceptable toxicity or withdrew their consent. The patients were stratified into the following 3 groups according to ER expression levels using a modified Allred score (AS): low, intermediate, and high (AS 3–4, 5–6, and 7–8, respectively). ER expression was centrally reviewed. The primary objective was the 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate. @*Results@#Between April 25, 2010, and February 5, 2014, 440 patients were enrolled. With a median follow-up of 62.0 months, the 5-year DFS rate in all patients was 94.2% (95% confidence interval [CI], 91.8–96.6). The 5-year DFS and recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates did not differ according to ER expression; the 5-year DFS rates were 94.3% and 94.1%in the low-to-intermediate and high expression groups, respectively (p = 0.6), and the corresponding 5-year RFS rates were 95.7% and 95.4%, respectively (p = 0.7). Furthermore, 25 patients discontinued letrozole because of drug toxicity. @*Conclusion@#Treatment with adjuvant letrozole showed very favorable treatment outcomes and good tolerability among Korean postmenopausal women with ER-positive breast cancer, independent of ER expression.

14.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 301-314, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891300

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Trastuzumab is effective in early and advanced human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer. However, few studies have reported the effect of trastuzumab on ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR), whose incidence is higher in the HER2-positive subtype than in other subtypes. @*Methods@#We retrospectively investigated 959 patients who underwent breast-conserving surgery (BCS), chemotherapy, and radiotherapy for HER2-positive breast cancer between 2000 and 2017. IBTR was compared between the patients who received neoadjuvant or adjuvant trastuzumab (Tmab group) for a total duration of 1 year and those who received no trastuzumab (N-Tmab group). @*Results@#Propensity score matching designated 426 and 142 patients in the Tmab and N-Tmab groups, respectively. The median follow-up period for all patients after matching was 73.79 months. The IBTR-free survival rate was significantly higher in the Tmab group than in the N-Tmab group (10-year IBTR-free survival rate, 92.9% vs. 87.3%; p = 0.002). The multivariate analysis showed a significant association between the N-Tmab and Tmab group (hazard ratio, 3.03; 95% confidence interval, 1.07–8.59) and IBTR in addition to close or positive resection margin and hormone receptor (HR) positivity. The subgroup analysis showed that adjuvant treatment with trastuzumab significantly reduced IBTR among the patients with HR-negative or lymph node-negative breast cancer. @*Conclusion@#Significantly reduced IBTR after BCS was observed in the patients who received 1 year of adjuvanteoadjuvant trastuzumab treatment for HER2-positive breast cancer.

15.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 63-74, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891293

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) has become a standard axillary staging surgery for early breast cancer, and the proportion of patients requiring axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) is decreasing. We aimed to evaluate the association between the number of sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) retrieved and the risk of lymphedema of the ipsilateral arm. @*Methods@#Prospectively collected medical records of 910 patients were reviewed.Lymphedema was defined as a difference in circumference > 2 cm compared to the contralateral arm and/or having clinical records of lymphedema treatment in the rehabilitation clinic. @*Results@#Together with an objective and subjective assessment of lymphedema, 36 patients (6.1%) had lymphedema in the SLNB group and 85 patients (27.0%) had lymphedema in the ALND group (p < 0.001). In a multivariate analysis of the whole cohort, risk factors significantly associated risk with the development of lymphedema were body mass index, mastectomy (vs.breast-conserving surgery), ALND, and radiation therapy. In logistic regression models in the SLNB group only, there was no correlation between the number of retrieved SLNs and the incidence of lymphedema. In addition, in the Pearson correlation analysis, no correlation was observed between the number of retrieved SLNs and the difference in circumference between the ipsilateral and contralateral upper extremities (correlation coefficients = 0.067, p = 0.111). @*Conclusion@#The risk of lymphedema in breast cancer surgery and adjuvant treatments is multifactorial. The number of retrieved lymph nodes during sentinel biopsy was not associated with the incidence of lymphedema.

16.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 164-174, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891277

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#In this trial, we investigated the efficacy and safety of adjuvant letrozole for hormone receptor (HR)-positive breast cancer. Here, we report the clinical outcome in postmenopausal women with HR-positive breast cancer treated with adjuvant letrozole according to estrogen receptor (ER) expression levels. @*Methods@#In this multi-institutional, open-label, observational study, postmenopausal patients with HR-positive breast cancer received adjuvant letrozole (2.5 mg/daily) for 5 years unless they experienced disease progression or unacceptable toxicity or withdrew their consent. The patients were stratified into the following 3 groups according to ER expression levels using a modified Allred score (AS): low, intermediate, and high (AS 3–4, 5–6, and 7–8, respectively). ER expression was centrally reviewed. The primary objective was the 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate. @*Results@#Between April 25, 2010, and February 5, 2014, 440 patients were enrolled. With a median follow-up of 62.0 months, the 5-year DFS rate in all patients was 94.2% (95% confidence interval [CI], 91.8–96.6). The 5-year DFS and recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates did not differ according to ER expression; the 5-year DFS rates were 94.3% and 94.1%in the low-to-intermediate and high expression groups, respectively (p = 0.6), and the corresponding 5-year RFS rates were 95.7% and 95.4%, respectively (p = 0.7). Furthermore, 25 patients discontinued letrozole because of drug toxicity. @*Conclusion@#Treatment with adjuvant letrozole showed very favorable treatment outcomes and good tolerability among Korean postmenopausal women with ER-positive breast cancer, independent of ER expression.

17.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 268-278, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914815

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study was performed to investigate the effect of the interval between the start of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) and the start of chemotherapy on ovarian protection in patients with breast cancer. @*Methods@#This was a prospective observational cohort study that included 136 patients with breast cancer below 40 years who received GnRHa during chemotherapy for fertility preservation. Plasma anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels were measured before chemotherapy (baseline) and after chemotherapy. Subjects were divided into 3 groups according to the interval between the start of GnRHa and the start of chemotherapy for analysis: 1–6 days, 7–13 days, and ≥ 14 days. The ratio of the post-chemotherapy AMH value to the baseline AMH (pcAMH) at each time point were compared among the 3 groups.Ranked analysis of covariance was used for statistical analysis, adjusted for age, body mass index (BMI), and the existence of polycystic ovaries (PCOs). In addition, recovery of ovarian function (AMH ≥ 1 ng/mL) at 12 months was evaluated. @*Results@#The median age of the patients was 32 years. There was no difference in the baseline AMH levels among the 3 groups (mean ± standard error: 5.0 ± 0.4 ng/mL [1–6 days], 5.3 ± 0.7 ng/mL [7–13 days], and 8.1 ± 1.3 ng/mL [≥ 14 days]; p = 0.250). The pcAMH at 3, 6, 12, 24, and 36 months were not significantly different among the 3 groups (p-values were 0.332, 0.732, 0.830, 0.148, and 0.393, respectively). In multivariate analysis, young age (p = 0.024), low BMI (p = 0.013), and the existence of PCO (p = 0.015) were predictors for AMH ≥ 1 ng/mL at 12 months. @*Conclusion@#There was no difference in the ovarian protective effect according to the difference in the timing of administration of GnRHa.

18.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 162-170, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835605

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Paclitaxel is a cytotoxic chemotherapy commonly used in patients with triple negative breast cancer (TNBC); however, the resistance to paclitaxel is a cause of poor response in the patients. The aim of this study was to examine the role of protein phosphatase 1H (PPM1H) in paclitaxel resistance in breast cancer patients. @*Methods@#To investigate the function of PPM1H in paclitaxel treatment, we conducted in vitro assays and molecular experiments using a stable cell line (MDA-MB-231) in which PPM1H is overexpressed. We also performed molecular analyses on patient tissue samples. Molecular expression related to PPM1H in breast cancer patients was analyzed using TCGA data. @*Results@#We investigated whether PPM1H was associated with paclitaxel resistance in breast cancer. PPM1H expression was upregulated in breast cancer cells treated with paclitaxel. We also observed that overexpression of PPM1H in breast cancer cells resulted in increased sensitivity to paclitaxel in vitro. Additionally, paclitaxel treatment induced dephosphorylation of cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor p27 (p27), which was more evident in PPM1H-overexpressing cells. To understand how upregulation of PPM1H increases paclitaxel sensitivity, we determined the levels of p27, phospho-p27, and CDK2, since CDK2 exerts antagonistic effects against PPM1H on p27 phosphorylation. The patient-derived xenograft (PDX) tumors that did not respond to paclitaxel showed increased levels of CDK2 and phospho-p27 and decreased levels of total p27 compared to the other breast tumor tissues. The use of dinaciclib, a selective CDK inhibitor, significantly inhibited tumor growth in the PDX model. @*Conclusion@#CDK2 kinase activity was significantly upregulated in basal breast cancer tumors and was negatively correlated with p27 protein levels in the TCGA breast cancer dataset, suggesting that targeting CDK2 may be an effective treatment strategy for TNBC patients.

19.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 182-193, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835603

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Endocrine therapy is a standard treatment for hormone receptor-positive breast cancer, which accounts for 60%–75% of all breast cancer. Hormone receptor positivity is a prognostic and predictive biomarker in breast cancer. Approximately 50%–80% of breast cancer is also positive for androgen receptor (AR), but the prognostic and predictive value of AR expression in breast cancer is controversial. Here, we investigated AR expression and its prognostic value in patients with surgically resected breast cancer in Korea. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who had surgically resected breast cancer to collect AR expression data and other clinicopathological data. The optimal cut-off for AR positivity was determined using a receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. @*Results@#We reviewed 957 patients with surgically resected breast cancer from June 2012 to April 2013. The median follow-up was 62 months, and relapse events occurred in 101 (10.6%) patients. Unlike the cut-off value of 1% or 10% in previous reports, 35% was determined to be best for predicting relapse-free survival (RFS) in this study. At the cut-off value of 35%, 654 (68.4%) patients were AR-positive. AR expression was more prevalent in luminal A (87.6%) and luminal B (73.1%) types than in human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive (56.2%) or triple-negative (20.6%) types. AR expression of ≥ 35% was significantly related to longer RFS in a multivariate analysis (hazard ratio, 0.430; 95% confidence interval, 0.260–0.709; p = 0.001). @*Conclusion@#We propose a cut-off value of 35% to best predict RFS in patients with surgically resected breast cancer. AR expression was positive in 68.4% of patients, and AR positivity was found to be an independent prognostic factor for longer RFS.

20.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 697-713, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831118

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Hereditary cancer syndrome means that inherited genetic mutations can increase a person's risk of developing cancer. We assessed the frequency of germline mutations using an nextgeneration sequencing (NGS)–based multiple-gene panel containing 64 cancer-predisposing genes in Korean breast cancer patients with clinical features of hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome (HBOC). @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 64 genes associated with hereditary cancer syndrome were selected for development of an NGS-based multi-gene panel. Targeted sequencing using the multi-gene panel was performed to identify germline mutations in 496 breast cancer patients with clinical features of HBOC who underwent breast cancer surgery between January 2002 and December 2017. @*Results@#Of 496 patients, 95 patients (19.2%) were found to have 48 deleterious germline mutations in 16 cancer susceptibility genes. The deleterious mutations were found in 39 of 250 patients (15.6%) who had breast cancer and another primary cancer, 38 of 169 patients (22.5%) who had a family history of breast cancer (≥ 2 relatives), 16 of 57 patients (28.1%) who had bilateral breast cancer, and 29 of 84 patients (34.5%) who were diagnosed with breast cancer at younger than 40 years of age. Of the 95 patients with deleterious mutations, 60 patients (63.2%) had BRCA1/2 mutations and 38 patients (40.0%) had non-BRCA1/2 mutations. We detected two novel deleterious mutations in BRCA2 and MLH1. @*Conclusion@#NGS-based multiple-gene panel testing improved the detection rates of deleterious mutations and provided a cost-effective cancer risk assessment.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL