Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 36
Filter
1.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786066

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study.OBJECTIVES: To compare the degeneration of sacroiliac joint (SIJ) following lumbar or lumbosacral fusion.SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: The SIJ is adjacent to lumbosacral junction and its degeneration can be the potential cause of pain. However, the study addressing SIJ degeneration following lumbar or lumbosacral fusion is very limited.MATERIALS AND METHODS: From June 2002 to June 2012, 98 patients who underwent posterior decompression and posterolateral fusion were included in this study. The study group was divided into 2 groups according to the range of fusion. Group A had fusion to L5 and included 34 patients. Group B had fusion to S1 and included 64 patients. We evaluated the five years postoperative radiologic and clinical outcomes retrospectively.RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference of bilateral preoperative subchondral sclerosis and osteophytes of the SIJ between group A and group B. However, group B revealed statistically significant subchondral sclerosis and osteophyte formation of the SIJ than group A on every radiographs after postoperative 1 year. In group B, the number of fusion segments and age were statistically positively correlated with the degeneration of the SIJ.CONCLUSIONS: Degeneration of the SIJ revealed more rapid and more severe progression in lumbosacral fusion group than in lumbar fusion group. The number of fusion segments and age were positively correlated with the degeneration of the SIJ in lumbosacral fusion group. Therefore, these facts should be taken into account when performing spinal fusion.


Subject(s)
Decompression , Humans , Osteophyte , Retrospective Studies , Sacroiliac Joint , Sclerosis , Spinal Fusion
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917072

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To compare side-to-side difference (SSD) of anterior tibial translation in instrumented stress radiography for each series of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)-injured subjects according to knee flexion angle.@*METHODS@#Forty subjects who were suspected of having significant ACL injury by manual Lachman test and MRI were recruited for this prospective study. These subjects took stress radiographs for both knees with corresponding knee flexion of 10° (series M1) and 30° (series M2) using Telos stress device. Mean SSDs of M1 and M2 were compared. Sensitivities of M1 and M2 were assessed using the SSD ≥3mm or ≥5mm as a cutoff value.@*RESULTS@#Mean SSDs in series M1 and M2 were 4.22 ± 3.72mm and 3.25 ± 3.30 mm, respectively (p < 0.001). When 3 mm of SSD was used as a cutoff value, sensitivities of series M1 and M2 were 47.5% (19/40) and 32.5% (13/40), respectively (p = 0.171). When 5mm of SSD was used as a cutoff value, sensitivities of series M1 and M2 were 45.0% (18/40) and 22.5% (9/40), respectively (p = 0.033).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Anterior tibial translation on stress radiographs using a Telos device is more prominent when knee flexion angle is 10° compared to that when knee flexion angle is 30°. However, stress radiography using Telos device, either at 10° or 30° of knee flexion, might not be suitable to make decision on surgical treatment due to relatively low sensitivities.

3.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915673

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To compare the degeneration of sacroiliac joint (SIJ) following lumbar or lumbosacral fusion.SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: The SIJ is adjacent to lumbosacral junction and its degeneration can be the potential cause of pain. However, the study addressing SIJ degeneration following lumbar or lumbosacral fusion is very limited.@*MATERIALS AND METHODS@#From June 2002 to June 2012, 98 patients who underwent posterior decompression and posterolateral fusion were included in this study. The study group was divided into 2 groups according to the range of fusion. Group A had fusion to L5 and included 34 patients. Group B had fusion to S1 and included 64 patients. We evaluated the five years postoperative radiologic and clinical outcomes retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#There was no statistically significant difference of bilateral preoperative subchondral sclerosis and osteophytes of the SIJ between group A and group B. However, group B revealed statistically significant subchondral sclerosis and osteophyte formation of the SIJ than group A on every radiographs after postoperative 1 year. In group B, the number of fusion segments and age were statistically positively correlated with the degeneration of the SIJ.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Degeneration of the SIJ revealed more rapid and more severe progression in lumbosacral fusion group than in lumbar fusion group. The number of fusion segments and age were positively correlated with the degeneration of the SIJ in lumbosacral fusion group. Therefore, these facts should be taken into account when performing spinal fusion.

4.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765614

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional, multi-center survey study. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the pain status, pain management methods, and pain experience after treatment among patients suffering from chronic non-cancer pain due to spinal disease. SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: No thorough investigation of the current status of chronic non-cancer pain management in patients with spinal disease has recently been reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We surveyed 330 patients with chronic non-cancer pain who visited spine clinics in Korea. RESULTS: Prior to treatment, 86.7% of the patients had severe pain and 99.4% of the patients had taken oral analgesics for pain control. After treatment, the percent of patients with severe pain was reduced to 42.1%, and 52.4% of patients responded that they experienced intermittent pain. End of dose failure was experienced by 29.1% of patients, and 41.7% of patients experienced pain again 3–6 hours after taking analgesics. Furthermore, 8.2% of patients experienced breakthrough pain, and 29.1% of patients experienced pain that interfered with sleeping. CONCLUSIONS: Many patients with chronic pain reported experiencing pain due to end of dose failure after medication. As the causes of chronic pain are complex, appropriate analgesics should be considered and selected for effective pain management.


Subject(s)
Analgesics , Breakthrough Pain , Chronic Pain , Humans , Korea , Pain Management , Spinal Diseases , Spine
5.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915666

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The objective of this study was to investigate the pain status, pain management methods, and pain experience after treatment among patients suffering from chronic non-cancer pain due to spinal disease.SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: No thorough investigation of the current status of chronic non-cancer pain management in patients with spinal disease has recently been reported.@*MATERIALS AND METHODS@#We surveyed 330 patients with chronic non-cancer pain who visited spine clinics in Korea.@*RESULTS@#Prior to treatment, 86.7% of the patients had severe pain and 99.4% of the patients had taken oral analgesics for pain control. After treatment, the percent of patients with severe pain was reduced to 42.1%, and 52.4% of patients responded that they experienced intermittent pain. End of dose failure was experienced by 29.1% of patients, and 41.7% of patients experienced pain again 3–6 hours after taking analgesics. Furthermore, 8.2% of patients experienced breakthrough pain, and 29.1% of patients experienced pain that interfered with sleeping.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Many patients with chronic pain reported experiencing pain due to end of dose failure after medication. As the causes of chronic pain are complex, appropriate analgesics should be considered and selected for effective pain management.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770818

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Neer type II distal clavicle fractures have the drawback of coracoclavicular instability and insufficient distal bony fragment, thereby making it difficult to achieve adequate fixation. Although various surgical treatments have been described for Neer type II fracture, the optimal treatment remains controversial. This study reports the clinical results and usefulness of anatomical locking plate with additional K-wire fixation. METHODS: A totally of 21 patients with type II distal clavicle fracture were included in the study. The surgical procedure reduced the fracture temporarily; it included insertion of one or two K-wire from the lateral margin of the distal fragment to the proximal fragment through the fracture site, followed by application and fixation of the locking plate. The bony union and migration of K-wire was evaluated in the follow-up radiography. The coracoclavicular distance and acromioclavicular joint arthrosis were assessed at the final follow-up. The Constant Score (CS) and Korean Shoulder Score (KSS) were evaluated for clinical scoring. RESULTS: Bone union was achieved in all cases. At the final follow-up, coracoclavicular distance of the injured shoulder was increased, as compared to the intact shoulder (p=0.002), with no accompanying clinical symptoms. No K-wire migration was observed. At the final follow-up, K-wire irritation was observed in two cases and acromioclavicular arthrosis in one case, with no other adverse effects. Pain visual analogue scale, CS, and KSS were improved in all cases. CONCLUSIONS: The method of anatomical locking plate with additional K-wire fixation could be useful in achieving beneficial clinical results.


Subject(s)
Acromioclavicular Joint , Clavicle , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Methods , Radiography , Shoulder
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-75355

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Neer type II distal clavicle fractures have the drawback of coracoclavicular instability and insufficient distal bony fragment, thereby making it difficult to achieve adequate fixation. Although various surgical treatments have been described for Neer type II fracture, the optimal treatment remains controversial. This study reports the clinical results and usefulness of anatomical locking plate with additional K-wire fixation. METHODS: A totally of 21 patients with type II distal clavicle fracture were included in the study. The surgical procedure reduced the fracture temporarily; it included insertion of one or two K-wire from the lateral margin of the distal fragment to the proximal fragment through the fracture site, followed by application and fixation of the locking plate. The bony union and migration of K-wire was evaluated in the follow-up radiography. The coracoclavicular distance and acromioclavicular joint arthrosis were assessed at the final follow-up. The Constant Score (CS) and Korean Shoulder Score (KSS) were evaluated for clinical scoring. RESULTS: Bone union was achieved in all cases. At the final follow-up, coracoclavicular distance of the injured shoulder was increased, as compared to the intact shoulder (p=0.002), with no accompanying clinical symptoms. No K-wire migration was observed. At the final follow-up, K-wire irritation was observed in two cases and acromioclavicular arthrosis in one case, with no other adverse effects. Pain visual analogue scale, CS, and KSS were improved in all cases. CONCLUSIONS: The method of anatomical locking plate with additional K-wire fixation could be useful in achieving beneficial clinical results.


Subject(s)
Acromioclavicular Joint , Clavicle , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Methods , Radiography , Shoulder
8.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 1149-1156, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-43911

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PURPOSE: To compare the union rate of posterolateral lumbar fusion (PLF) using demineralized bone matrix (DBM) versus hydroxyapatite (HA) as bone graft extender. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: To our knowledge, there has been no clinical trial to compare the outcomes of DBM versus HA as a graft material for PLF. METHODS: We analyzed prospectively collected data from consecutive 79 patients who underwent instrumented PLF. Patients who received DBM were assigned to group B (n=38), and patients who received HA were assigned into group C (n=41). The primary study outcome was fusion rate assessed with radiographs. The secondary outcomes included pain intensity using a visual analogue scale, functional outcome using Oswestry disability index score, laboratory tests of inflammatory profiles and infection rate. RESULTS: One year postoperatively, bone fusion was achieved in 73% in group B and 58% in group C without significant difference between the groups (p=0.15). There were no differences between the groups with respect to secondary outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: DBM would provide noninferior outcomes compared to the HA as a fusion material for PLF, and could be a notable alternative.


Subject(s)
Bone Matrix , Durapatite , Humans , Hydroxyapatites , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Transplants
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770714

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effect of preoperative fatty degeneration of deltoid and teres minor muscles on the clinical outcome in patient with reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA). METHODS: Nineteen patients with RTSA were enrolled. The mean follow-up period was 16.1 months. The fatty degeneration of three distinct parts in each deltoid and the teres minor muscle was measured using a preoperative magnetic resonance imaging. Postoperatively, the muscle strengths for forward elevation (FE), abduction (Abd), and external rotation (ER) were measured using a myometer at the last follow-up. The parameters for clinical outcome were Constant Score (CS) and Korean Shoulder Score (KSS). RESULTS: The number of cases was 10 in group 1 and 9 in group 2. The strength of FE and Abd were significantly higher in group 1 (p<0.001 and p<0.001, respectively), and the strength of ER was not different significantly between two groups (p=0.065). For the clinical outcome, both CS and KSS were higher in group 1 (p=0.002 and p=0.002, respectively). The number of patients in group A was 11, and group B was 8. Although there was not a significant difference in terms of FE and Abd between group A and B (p=0.091, p=0.238), ER was significantly higher in group A (p=0.012). We did not find a significant difference in the clinical scores (CS, p=0.177 and KSS, p=0.238). CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest the importance of a preoperative evaluation of the fatty degeneration of deltoid and teres minor muscles for predicting postoperative strength and clinical outcome.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Muscle Strength , Muscles , Shoulder
10.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 30-38, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-185083

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized noninferiority trial. PURPOSE: To evaluate whether the union rate of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) using a polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cage filled with a mixture of hydroxyapatite (HA) and demineralized bone matrix (DBM) is inferior to that of a mixture of beta-tricalcium phosphate (beta-TCP) and HA. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: There have been no clinical trials investigating the outcomes of a mixture of HA and DBM in a PEEK cage in ACDF. METHODS: Eighty-five eligible patients were randomly assigned to group B (n=43), in which a PEEK cage with a mixture of HA and DBM was used, or group C (n=42), in which a PEEK cage with a mixture of HA and beta-TCP was used. The primary study endpoint was the fusion rate, which was assessed with dynamic radiographs and computed tomography (CT) scans. Secondary endpoints included pain intensity using a visual analogue scale, functional outcome using a neck disability index score, laboratory tests of inflammatory profiles, and the infection rate. RESULTS: Seventy-seven patients (38 in group B and 39 in group C) were included in the final analysis. One year postoperatively, bone fusion was achieved in 87% of group B patients and 87% of group C patients on dynamic radiographs, and 87% of group B patients and 72% of group C patients on CT scans (p=1.00 and 0.16, respectively). There were also no between-groups differences with respect to the secondary endpoints. CONCLUSIONS: A HA/DBM mixture inside a PEEK cage can provide noninferior outcomes compared to a HA/TCP mixture in ACDF.


Subject(s)
Bone Matrix , Diskectomy , Durapatite , Humans , Hydroxyapatites , Neck , Prospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-22231

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: A case report. OBJECTIVES: We report a case of posterior ring apophysis fracture (PRAF) with lumbar disc herniation treated by immobile bony fragment excision. SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: PRAF causes severe radiculopathy, so treating with surgery is common. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 30-year-old male diagnosed with PRAF with lumbar disc herniation was treated with discectomy, but his clinical symptoms were not relieved. Consequently, bony fragment excision, extended laminectomy and interbody fusion were also done. RESULTS: Radicular pain was relieved and showed good clinical outcome. CONCLUSIONS: When treating PRAF, bony fragment excision and extended laminectomy should be considered even if an immobile bony fragment exists.


Subject(s)
Adult , Diskectomy , Humans , Laminectomy , Male , Radiculopathy
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-119053

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There are few studies about risk factors for poor outcomes from multi-level lumbar posterolateral fusion limited to three or four level lumbar posterolateral fusions. The purpose of this study was to analyze the outcomes of multi-level lumbar posterolateral fusion and to search for possible risk factors for poor surgical outcomes. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 37 consecutive patients who underwent multi-level lumbar or lumbosacral posterolateral fusion with posterior instrumentation. The outcomes were deemed either 'good' or 'bad' based on clinical and radiological results. Many demographic and radiological factors were analyzed to examine potential risk factors for poor outcomes. Student t-test, Fisher exact test, and the chi-square test were used based on the nature of the variables. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to exclude confounding factors. RESULTS: Twenty cases showed a good outcome (group A, 54.1%) and 17 cases showed a bad outcome (group B, 45.9%). The overall fusion rate was 70.3%. The revision procedures (group A: 1/20, 5.0%; group B: 4/17, 23.5%), proximal fusion to L2 (group A: 5/20, 25.0%; group B: 10/17, 58.8%), and severity of stenosis (group A: 12/19, 63.3%; group B: 3/11, 27.3%) were adopted as possible related factors to the outcome in univariate analysis. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that only the proximal fusion level (superior instrumented vertebra, SIV) was a significant risk factor. The cases in which SIV was L2 showed inferior outcomes than those in which SIV was L3. The odds ratio was 6.562 (95% confidence interval, 1.259 to 34.203). CONCLUSIONS: The overall outcome of multi-level lumbar or lumbosacral posterolateral fusion was not as high as we had hoped it would be. Whether the SIV was L2 or L3 was the only significant risk factor identified for poor outcomes in multi-level lumbar or lumbosacral posterolateral fusion in the current study. Thus, the authors recommend that proximal fusion levels be carefully determined when multi-level lumbar fusions are considered.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Lumbosacral Region , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Scoliosis/complications , Spinal Fusion/methods , Spinal Stenosis/complications , Spondylolisthesis/complications , Treatment Outcome
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-70767

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effect of preoperative fatty degeneration of deltoid and teres minor muscles on the clinical outcome in patient with reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA). METHODS: Nineteen patients with RTSA were enrolled. The mean follow-up period was 16.1 months. The fatty degeneration of three distinct parts in each deltoid and the teres minor muscle was measured using a preoperative magnetic resonance imaging. Postoperatively, the muscle strengths for forward elevation (FE), abduction (Abd), and external rotation (ER) were measured using a myometer at the last follow-up. The parameters for clinical outcome were Constant Score (CS) and Korean Shoulder Score (KSS). RESULTS: The number of cases was 10 in group 1 and 9 in group 2. The strength of FE and Abd were significantly higher in group 1 (p<0.001 and p<0.001, respectively), and the strength of ER was not different significantly between two groups (p=0.065). For the clinical outcome, both CS and KSS were higher in group 1 (p=0.002 and p=0.002, respectively). The number of patients in group A was 11, and group B was 8. Although there was not a significant difference in terms of FE and Abd between group A and B (p=0.091, p=0.238), ER was significantly higher in group A (p=0.012). We did not find a significant difference in the clinical scores (CS, p=0.177 and KSS, p=0.238). CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest the importance of a preoperative evaluation of the fatty degeneration of deltoid and teres minor muscles for predicting postoperative strength and clinical outcome.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Muscle Strength , Muscles , Shoulder
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-104723

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The prediction of lumbar back muscle degeneration is important because chronic low back pain and spino-pelvic imbalance have been known to be related to it. However, gender difference should be considered because there are different quality and volume of muscles between genders. The purpose of this study was to search for clinical and radiological factors to predict the degree of lumbar back muscle degeneration according to gender difference. METHODS: We reviewed 112 patients (44 men and 68 women) with spinal stenosis who underwent a decompressive surgery between 1 January 2009 and 31 December 2011. Degrees of lumbar back muscle degeneration were classified into three categories by the fatty infiltration at each L3-4 disc level on the axial view of T1 magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Age, sex, bone marrow density score, and body mass index (BMI) were obtained from chart reviews. Lumbar lordosis, sacral slope, pelvic tilt (PT), and pelvic incidence were calculated with lumbar spine standing lateral radiographs. The degrees of spinal stenosis and facet arthropathy were checked with MRI. Student t-test, chi-square test, or Fisher exact test were used to compare clinical and radiological parameters between genders. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and linear regression analysis were used to search for a relationship between lumbar back muscle degeneration and possible predictive factors in each gender group. RESULTS: Many clinical and radiological parameters were different according to gender. The age, BMI, and PT in the female group (p = 0.013, 0.001, and 0.019, respectively) and the PT in the men group (p = 0.018) were predictive factors to be correlated with lumbar back muscle degeneration. CONCLUSIONS: The PT was the important predictive factor for lumbar back muscle degeneration in both, the male and the female group. However, age and BMI were predictive factors in the female group only.


Subject(s)
Aged , Back Muscles/pathology , Chronic Disease , Decompression, Surgical , Female , Humans , Low Back Pain/diagnosis , Lumbosacral Region , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Postural Balance , Posture , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Stenosis/diagnosis
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-101600

ABSTRACT

There are few reported cases of flexor pollicis longus tendon (FPL) rupture complicating a closed distal radius fracture. We report a case of FPL tendon rupture complicating a closed distal radius fracture. A 24-year-old male presented with a severe right wrist pain. He had a closed distal radius fracture that was treated by closed manual reduction. Three days later, he complained forearm pain and limitation of thumb motion. The physical examination revealed loss of active interphalangeal joint flexion of thumb. He was taken to the operating room. Intraoperatively, the FPL was found to be discontinuous at the level of the radius fracture site. The FPL was repaired by a modified Kessler technique, and the fracture was repaired with a volar plate. Clinicians must be cautious in possibility of tendon injury complicating a closed distal radius fracture and assessing patients with distal radius fracture following closed reduction.


Subject(s)
Forearm , Humans , Joints , Male , Operating Rooms , Physical Examination , Radius , Radius Fractures , Rupture , Tendon Injuries , Tendons , Thumb , Palmar Plate , Wrist , Young Adult
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-72012

ABSTRACT

Postoperative infections following spine surgery are usually attributable to bacterial organisms. Staphylococcus aureus is known to be the most common single pathogen leading to this infection, and the number of infections caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is increasing. However, there is a paucity of literature addressing postoperative infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. We encountered a case of tuberculous spondylitis after spine surgery. A man had fever with low back pain three weeks after posterior interbody fusion with instrumentation for a herniated intervertebral disc at the L4-L5 level. He had been treated with antibiotics for an extended period of time under the impression that he had a bacterial infection, but his symptoms and laboratory data had not improved. Polymerase chain reaction for Mycobacterium tuberculosis turned out to be positive. The patient's symptoms finally improved when he was treated with antituberculosis medication.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Low Back Pain/etiology , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Postoperative Complications/microbiology , Spondylitis/etiology , Thoracic Vertebrae/microbiology , Tuberculosis/drug therapy , Tuberculosis, Spinal/complications
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-727129

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study examined the clinical and radiologic results of a proximal femoral nail (PFN) used to treat an intertrochanteric fracture of the femur in elderly people more than 90 years of age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2005 and December 2008, 20 patients over 90 years old with an intertrochanteric fracture were treated with a PFN. Among them, 16 patients (mean age, 93.9 years; 13 females and 3 males) were followed up for a minimum of 6 months. Clinically, the modified Koval index was evaluated. Radiological bony union and complications were evaluated from the plain X-ray film. RESULTS: The average modified Koval index decreased from 3.1 before surgery to 1.8 after surgery. Only 5 cases could return to their pre-injury status. Radiologic bony union was achieved after an average of 8.2 weeks and there were no complications, such as non-union and femoral head perforations. CONCLUSION: Thirty one percent of patients older than 90 years and treated for an intertrochanteric fracture with a PFN had recovered to their pre-injury ambulatory status. However, all cases showed bony union and no complications. Overall, PFN might be a good treatment option for intertrochanteric fractures in elderly people older than 90 years.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Femur , Head , Hip Fractures , Humans , Nails , X-Ray Film
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-727319

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We evaluated the clinical and radiological outcomes related to use of the Targon(R) proximal femoral nail for repairing femoral intertrochanteric fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between April 2004 and November 2005, the records of 56 patients with intertrochanteric fractures treated with the proximal femoral nail, were analyzed. The mean patient age was 75.2 years. The mean duration of follow-up was 32 months. There were 26 stable fractures and 30 unstable fractures. Clinical assessment included parameters of operating time, transfusion rate, pain analysis by visual analogue scale (VAS), timing of maximum tolerable weight-bearing, functional evaluation by modified Koval index, and complications. Radiological assessment was directed toward adequacy of reduction, union time, and changes observed between immediate postoperative and final follow-up roentgenograms in various parameters. RESULTS: The mean operating time was 37 minutes. Visual analogue scale at final follow-up was 2.8 on average, and 38 of 43 preoperative ambulators (88%) were able to bear weight as much as tolerable within 6 weeks postoperatively. Postoperative mobility recovered to pre-injury levels in 40 cases (71%). Radiologic evaluation showed adequate reduction in all cases. Mean union time was 8.9+/-2.5 weeks. The neck-shaft angle changed at final follow-up an average of 3.6+/-1.9(R). The femoral shaft displaced medially an average of 2.8+/-0.9 mm, and the lag screw slid an average of 4.7+/-0.6 mm. Complications such as cutting through, Z-effect, and femoral shaft fracture were not observed in any cases. CONCLUSION: The Targon(R) proximal femoral nail showed excellent results in terms of early ambulation, clinical recovery, and radiologic parameters and may be a useful implant for treating femoral intertrochanteric fractures.


Subject(s)
Early Ambulation , Femoral Fractures , Follow-Up Studies , Hip Fractures , Humans , Nails , Ursidae , Weight-Bearing
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-728379

ABSTRACT

Somatostatin (SOM) is a widely distributed peptide in the central nervous system and exerts a variety of hormonal and neural actions. Although SOM is assumed to play an important role in spinal nociceptive processing, its exact function remains unclear. In fact, earlier pharmacological studies have provided results that support either a facilitatory or inhibitory role for SOM in nociception. In the current study, the effects of SOM were investigated using anesthetized cats. Specifically, the responses of rostrally projecting spinal dorsal horn neurons (RPSDH neurons) to different kinds of noxious stimuli (i.e., heat, mechanical and cold stimuli) and to the A delta-and C-fiber activation of the sciatic nerve were studied. Iontophoretically applied SOM suppressed the responses of RPSDH neurons to noxious heat and mechanical stimuli as well as to C-fiber activation. Conversely, it enhanced these responses to noxious cold stimulus and A delta-fiber activation. In addition, SOM suppressed glutamate-evoked activities of RPSDH neurons. The effects of SOM were blocked by the SOM receptor antagonist cyclo-SOM. These findings suggest that SOM has a dual effect on the activities of RPSDH neurons; that is, facilitation and inhibition, depending on the modality of pain signaled through them and its action site.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Central Nervous System , Cold Temperature , Hot Temperature , Neurons , Nociception , Posterior Horn Cells , Sciatic Nerve , Somatostatin , Spinal Cord
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-90609

ABSTRACT

Colchicine has been shown to regulate the expression of inflammatory gene, but this compound possesses much weaker anti-inflammatory activity. In this study, we synthesized a new colchicine derivative CT20126 and examined its immunomodulatory property. CT20126 was found to have immunosuppressive effects by inhibiting lymphocyte proliferation without cytotoxicity and effectively inhibit the transcriptional expression of the inflammatory genes, iNOS, TNF-alpha, and IL-1beta, in macrophages stimulated by LPS. This effect was nearly comparable to that of cyclosporine A. This compound also significantly suppressed the production of nitric oxide and Th1-related pro-inflammatory cytokines, IL-1beta, TNF-alpha, and IL-2, with minimal suppression of Th2-related anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-4 and IL-10 in the sponge matrix allograft model. Moreover, administration of CT20126 prolonged the survival of allograft skins from BALB/c mice (H-2d) to the dorsum of C57BL/6 (H-2b) mice. The in vivo immune suppressive effects of CT20126 were similar to that of cyclosporine A. These results indicate that this compound may have potential therapeutic value for transplantation rejection and other inflammatory diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line , Colchicine/analogs & derivatives , Cytokines/biosynthesis , Female , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Graft Survival/drug effects , Immunosuppression Therapy , Interleukin-1beta/genetics , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology , Lymphocyte Culture Test, Mixed , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Nitric Oxide/biosynthesis , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II/genetics , Skin Transplantation/immunology , Th1 Cells/drug effects , Th2 Cells/drug effects , Transplantation, Homologous , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL