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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714367

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Although lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) show a higher prevalence with age, few studies have reported the trend of these examination tools including uroflowmetry, urodynamic study and cystoscopy. METHODS: We evaluated the trend of performance of uroflowmetry, urodynamic study and cystoscopy by using National Health Insurance Data from 2010 to 2015. Primary outcome findings included cumulative number of patients per year, cumulative age-standardized patient rate per year and per age group, and correlation between the number of patients per year and the percentage of population per year in each age group. RESULTS: The overall trend for frequency of uroflowmetry and cystoscopy showed an increasing pattern (P < 0.001, respectively) while the trend for frequency of urodynamic study showed a decreasing pattern (P < 0.001). After age standardization, the overall trend showed similar results. Correlation between the number of patients per year and the percentage of population per year showed a positive correlation in the 50s age group and the above 70s age group (P = 0.003 and < 0.01, respectively) on uroflowmetry and in the above 70s age group (P < 0.01) on cystoscopy. Urodynamic study showed negative correlations in the 50s age group and the above 60s age group (P = 0.001 and 0.01, respectively). CONCLUSION: National trend for frequency of uroflowmetry, urodynamic study and cystoscopy showed a different trend. The increasing trend of uroflowmetry and cystoscopy was related with growth of the aged population. However, urodynamic study showed a decreasing trend regardless of the age group.


Subject(s)
Cystoscopy , Humans , Korea , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms , National Health Programs , Prevalence , Urodynamics
2.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-201435

ABSTRACT

Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is a rare reactive lesion characterized by the feature of myofibroblasts and a mixed inflammatory infiltrate that rarely undergoes malignant transformation. Extrapulmonary IMTs in children have been described involving the mesentery, omentum, retroperitoneum, abdominal soft tissues, liver, bladder, mediastinum, head and neck, extremity, appendix, and kidney. Medical records of children treated with abdominal IMT between 1985 and 2005 were reviewed retrospectively. Seven children were treated for IMT with the mean age of 3y 2m (range, 1y 1m to 14y). Tumors were located in transverse mesocolon (n=2), omentum (n=1), porta hepatis (n=2), complex site (antrum, duodenum, common bile duct, porta hepatis) (n=2). The symptoms included abdominal mass, fever, jaundice, abdominal pain and anemia. The masses were excised totally in transverse mesocolon, omentum IMT and there is no evidence of recurrence (follow-up periods: 6y 8m, 8y 9m, 4y 10m). In porta hepatis IMT, liver transplantations were performed and there is no evidence of recurrence (follow period: 6y 8m, 8y 7m). In one case of complex site IMT, partial excision of mass was performed and he still survived with no change of the residual tumor during follow-up period. The other one of complex site IMT denied further treatment after the biopsy. In conclusion, complete surgical excision including liver transplantation and close follow-up are mandatory for the abdominal IMT in child.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Anemia , Appendix , Biopsy , Child , Common Bile Duct , Duodenum , Extremities , Fever , Follow-Up Studies , Head , Humans , Jaundice , Kidney , Liver , Liver Transplantation , Mediastinum , Medical Records , Mesentery , Mesocolon , Myofibroblasts , Neck , Neoplasm, Residual , Omentum , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Urinary Bladder
3.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-131254

ABSTRACT

A 3-year-old girl with a primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) and a 6-year-old girl with acute lymphoid leukemia were referred to us because of problems with their implantable central venous ports (Port-A-Cath(R)). On physical examination, the ports were upside-down, so a needle could notbe inserted through the membrane of the port. Right lateral side view of the chest radiogram confirmed port inversion in both cases. At operation, the ports were inverted and the transfixing sutures were totally absorbed. The ports were rotated 180 degrees and anchoring sutures placed.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Membranes , Needles , Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive , Physical Examination , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Sutures , Thorax
4.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-131251

ABSTRACT

A 3-year-old girl with a primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) and a 6-year-old girl with acute lymphoid leukemia were referred to us because of problems with their implantable central venous ports (Port-A-Cath(R)). On physical examination, the ports were upside-down, so a needle could notbe inserted through the membrane of the port. Right lateral side view of the chest radiogram confirmed port inversion in both cases. At operation, the ports were inverted and the transfixing sutures were totally absorbed. The ports were rotated 180 degrees and anchoring sutures placed.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Membranes , Needles , Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive , Physical Examination , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Sutures , Thorax
5.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-177833

ABSTRACT

Inguinal hernia is the most common disease treated by the pediatric surgeon. There are several controversial aspects of management 1)the optimal timing of surgical repair, especially for preterm babies, 2)contralateral groin exploration during repair of a clinically unilateral hernia, 3)use of laparoscope in contralateral groin exploration, 4)timing of surgical repair of cord hydrocele, 5)perioperative pain control, 6)perioperative management of anemia. In this survey, we attempted to determine the approach of members of KAPS to these aspects of hernia treatment. A questionnaire by e-mail or FAX was sent to all members. The content of the questionnaire were adapted from the "American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Section on Surgery hernia survey revisited (J Pediatr Surg 40, 1009-1014, 2005)". For full-term male baby, most surgeons (85.7 %) perform an elective operation as soon as diagnosis was made. For reducible hernia found in ex-preterm infants already discharged from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), 76.2 % of surgeons performed an elective repair under general anesthesia (85.8 %). 42.9 % of the surgeons performed the repair just before discharge. For same-day surgery for the ex-premature baby, the opinion was evenly divided. For an inguinal hernia with a contralateral undescended testis in a preterm baby, 61.9 % of surgeons choose to 'wait and see' until 12 month of age. The most important consideration in deciding the timing of surgery of inguinal hernia in preterm baby was the existence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (82.4 %), episode of apnea/bradycardia on home monitoring (70.6 %). Most surgeons do not explore the contralateral groin during unilateral hernia repair. Laparoscope has not been tried. Most surgeons do not give perioperative analgesics or blood transfusion.


Subject(s)
Analgesics , Anemia , Anesthesia, General , Blood Transfusion , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia , Child , Cryptorchidism , Diagnosis , Electronic Mail , Groin , Hernia , Hernia, Inguinal , Herniorrhaphy , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Intensive Care, Neonatal , Korea , Laparoscopes , Male , Pediatrics , Surveys and Questionnaires
6.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-177830

ABSTRACT

Thyroid nodules are less common in children than in adults and their management is still controversial. The clinical presentations, operations, complications, histopathologic findings, and postoperative progressions of 34 pediatric patients that underwent thyroidectomy for palpable thyroid nodule at the Department of Surgery, Seoul National University Children Hospital between 1986 and 2003 were studied retrospectively by reviewing medical records and telephone interviews. The mean age of the patients was 11.8 years old. There were 23 females (67.6 %) and 11 males (32.4 %). Surgical indications were clinical need of histological confirmation (n=15), unresponsiveness to thyroxin replacement therapy (n=10), suggestion of the carcinoma on fine needle aspiration cytology (n=5), cosmetic purpose-a huge benign nodule (n=2), completion thyroidectomy for medullary thyroid carcinoma (n=1), and prophylactic thyroidectomy in a MENIIpatient (n=1). Unilateral Lobectomy was performed in 20 patients (57.1 %), subtotal thyroidectomy in 8 (22.9 %), total thyroidectomy in 5 (14.7 %), and completion thyroidectomy in 1 (2.9 %). Lymph node dissection was performed in 9 cases. Benign tumor was found in 23 patients (67.6 %), adenomatous goiter (n=18) and follicular adenoma (n=5). Malignant tumor was found in 11 children (32.4 %), 9 papillary carcinomas (26.5 %), and 2 medullary carcinomas (5.9 %). Of the 9 papillary carcinomas, 7 cases (77.8 %) had lymph node metastasis. No lymph node metastasis was found in 2 medullary carcinomas. Complications developed in 5 cases - transient hypocalcaemia (n=2), and temporary hoarseness (n=3). There was no mortality. Median follow-up period was 7.4 years (0.5-18 years). One patient showed recurrence in cervical lymph nodes 10 years after surgery and modified radical neck dissection was performed. Because of the high incidence of malignancy and advanced stage at initial presentation, more meticulous diagnostic work up is necessary for children with thyroid nodule, and more radical surgical treatment should be performed when malignant nodule is suggested.


Subject(s)
Adenoma , Adult , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Carcinoma, Medullary , Carcinoma, Papillary , Child , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Goiter , Hoarseness , Humans , Incidence , Interviews as Topic , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Male , Medical Records , Mortality , Neck Dissection , Neoplasm Metastasis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Seoul , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroid Nodule , Thyroidectomy , Thyroxine
7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-61740

ABSTRACT

With the development of fetal ultrasonography, detection of fetal ovarian cysts has been increased. Although ovarian cyst formation during the perinatal period is a self limiting process, there is still considerable controversy regarding the best treatment of the fetal ovarian cyst. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the natural history of fetal ovarian cysts and to analyze the result of treatment. From 1995 to 2004, 31 consecutive fetuses with ovarian cysts were followed by ultrasonography during the perinatal period. The fetal ovarian cyst was diagnosed by prenatal ultrasonography between 25weeks and 38 weeks and the mean size of the cysts was 5cm (ranged from 2 to 8cm). At birth, 3 cysts disappeared. In 2 cases, the diagnoses were changed to multicystic kidney disease and intestinal duplication. During following up of 26 cysts, 15 cysts have resolved completely. Seven cysts required oophorectomy because of cyst torsion (n=3), differentiation of tumorous condition (n=2), increased size of cyst (n=1), and large size (8cm) of cyst at birth (n=1). Fetal ovarian cyst should primarily be observed, and only in the limited cases, surgical treatment would be required for the risk of complications such as torsion and differentiation from benign to malignant pathology.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis , Female , Fetus , Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney , Natural History , Ovarian Cysts , Ovariectomy , Parturition , Pathology , Ultrasonography , Ultrasonography, Prenatal
8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-61738

ABSTRACT

Choledochal cysts have been associated with complications such as cholangitis, pancreatitis, and malignancy of the biliary tract. Recently, the incidence of choledochal cyst in neonate and young infant is increasing due to advances in diagnostic imaging. The aim of this study is to investigate the rationale of excision of choledochal cyst during the neonatal period. The clinical outcome and correlation between age at surgery and the degree of liver fibrosis were reviewed retrospectively. A total of 198 patients with choledochal cyst who were managed surgically between January 1985 and December 2000 at the Department of Surgery, Seoul National University Children's Hospital were included in this study. The overall outcome and the outcome of patients who were managed surgically during the neonatal period were compared. Correlation between age and the degree of liver fibrosis was evaluated by chi-square test and Pearson exact test. The mean age of the patients was 2 years 7 months (ranged from 5 days to 15 years). Mean postoperative follow-up period was 7 years 1 month (7 months to 20 years). The results are as follows. Twelve patients (6%) had postoperative complications, cholangitis (7), bleeding (4) and ileus (1). Eleven patients operated during the neonatal period had no postoperative complications. The positive correlation between age group and degree of liver fibrosis was statistically significant (chi-square: p=0.0165, Pearson exact test: p=0.019). The results support the rationale that excision of choledochal cyst can be performed safely without increasing morbidity in neonates.


Subject(s)
Biliary Tract , Cholangitis , Choledochal Cyst , Diagnostic Imaging , Follow-Up Studies , Hemorrhage , Humans , Ileus , Incidence , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Liver Cirrhosis , Pancreatitis , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Seoul
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-61735

ABSTRACT

Solid pseudopapillary tumor of pancreas in children is a tumor with low malignant potentiality, and is rarely associated with distant metastasis. A 13-year-old girl was hospitalized because of abdominal pain of one week duration. Abdominal CT revealed not only a 12x6cm sized mass at the pancreatic body and tail but also a 1cm sized mass in left lobe of the liver. The patient underwent a near-total pancreatectomy and tumorectomy of the liver. A solid pseudopapillary tumor with liver metastasis was confirmed by pathology. She has undergone 13 courses of chemotherapy and has been well for 13 months without any sign of recurrence.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Adolescent , Child , Drug Therapy , Female , Humans , Liver , Neoplasm Metastasis , Pancreas , Pancreatectomy , Pathology , Recurrence , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-224673

ABSTRACT

Primary liver tumors are uncommon in childhood, with a relative frequency of 3% of childhood tumors. Seventy three cases of pediatric primary liver tumors which were operated on at single institution between 1986 and 2002 were reviewed. There were 37 cases of hepatoblastoma, 11 hepatocellular carcinomas, 6 undifferentiated (embryonal) sarcomas, and 1 mixed germ-cell tumor in malignancies. Benign tumors constitute only 24.6% of liver tumors, including 7 hemangioendotheliomas, 5 mesenchymal hamartomas, 3 congenital cysts, and one each with focal nodular hyperplasia and hemangioma. The common presenting clinical features were abdominal mass or abdominal distension. Anatomical hepatic resections were carried out in 38 cases, and non anatomical resections in 34 cases. One patient died of a direct result of hepatic resection(1.4%), and complication rate was 16.4%.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Child , Focal Nodular Hyperplasia , Hamartoma , Hemangioendothelioma , Hemangioma , Hepatoblastoma , Humans , Liver , Sarcoma
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-224670

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to review the operative management and outcome of operation for Crohn's disease. The medical records of 17 patients who underwent operations due to Crohn's disease at Seoul National University Children's Hospital from January of 1988 to June of 2005 were reviewed and retrospective study was carried out. The male-to-female ratio was 1.8: 1. The median age at the onset of symptom and the time of diagnosis was 9 years 6 months and 11 years 6 months respectively. The median interval time from diagnosis to operation was 2 years and 1 month (0 month~8 years). Ileocolic or ileocecal region was the most common site of involvement. The indications of operation were intractable symptoms (8 cases) and obstruction or stricture (7 cases). The median postoperative hospitalized days were 14.4 days (8~35 days). Five patients (29%) experienced postoperative complications. Symptom free state or symptom relief was observed in 11 cases after surgery and 6 cases had wax and wane course of aggravation and improvement. In pediatric Crohn's disease patients who present with intractable symptoms despite medical treatment or develop surgical complications, symptom free state or symptom relief can be achieved by minimal resection of involved lesion.


Subject(s)
Child , Constriction, Pathologic , Crohn Disease , Diagnosis , Humans , Medical Records , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Seoul
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-224669

ABSTRACT

Ulcerative colitis, one of the inflammatory bowel disease, is primarily managed medically with combinations of 5-ASA and steroids. However, this chronic disease requires surgical management if symptoms persist or complications develop despite medical management. The clinical course, the indications and outcome for surgical management of pediatric ulcerative colitis patients were studied from medical records retrospectively. Twenty-one patients under the age of 15 who were endoscopically diagnosed with ulcerative colitis at the Seoul National University Children's Hospital between January, 1988 and January, 2003 were subjected to the study. Mean follow up period was 3 years and 10 months. The mean age was 10.3 years old. All patients received medical management primarily after diagnosis and 8 patients (38%) eventually required surgical management. Of 13 patients who received medical management only, 7 patients (53%) showed remission, 4 patients are still on medical management, and 2 patients expired due to congenital immune deficiency and hepatic failure owing to sclerosing cholangitis respectively. In 8 patients who received surgical management, 1 patient underwent surgery due to sigmoid colon perforation and 7 patients due to intractability of medical management. The perforated case received colon segmental resection and the other 7 patients recieved total protocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis. One patient expired postoperatively due to pneumonia and sepsis. One patient is still on medical management because of mild persistent hematochezia after surgery. The other operated patients are showing good prognosis without any management. Pediatric ulcerative colitis patients can be surgically managed if the patient is intractable to medical management or if complications such as perforation is present. Total protocolectomy & ileal pouch-anal anastomosis is thought to be the adequate surgical method.


Subject(s)
Child , Cholangitis, Sclerosing , Chronic Disease , Colitis, Ulcerative , Colon , Colon, Sigmoid , Diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Liver Failure , Medical Records , Pneumonia , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Seoul , Sepsis , Steroids , Ulcer
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-76730

ABSTRACT

A re-pull-through operation for Hirschsprung's disease is performed when the primary operation has failed because of the remnant or acquired aganglionosis, anastomotic stricture and/or fistula. The purpose of this study is to review our experience of the re-pull-through procedure for Hirschsprung's disease. From May 1978 to July 2003, 26 patients who underwent re-pull-through operations at the Department of Pediatric Surgery, Seoul National University Children's Hospital, were studied retrospectively by means of chart review as well as telephone interview. The mean age at primary operation and re-operation were 11months (2 months - 10 years) and 43 months (1 year - 23 years 3 months), respectively. Initial operation for Hirschsprung's disease was Duhamel's procedure in 17, Swenson's in 6 and Soave's 3. Causes of failure of primary operation were remains of secondary aganglionic segment (n=23), vascular arcade injury (n=1), rectoperineal fistula (n=2, due to mesenteric torsion and poor blood supply). Mean interval between the primary operation and the re-operation was 34 months (6 months-22 years). Reoperation methods were Soave's in 12, Duhamel's in 8, APSP (abdomino-posterosagittal pull-through procedure) in 5, and Swenson's in 1 case. In 2 cases of repeated rectoperineal fistula or rectourethral fistula, re-APSP were performed 3 times, respectively. A total of 29 re-pull-through operations were performed. Postoperative complications were wound infection (n=1), adhesive ileus (n=1), rectoperineal fistula (n=3), rectourethral fistula (n=2), and death due to pulmonary embolism (n=1). Mean follow up period of reoperation was 78 months (1 month-23years). In current state, 2 patients have an ileostomy because of repeated rectoperineal fistula and rectourethral fistula. Of the remaining 23 patients, 21(91 %) are totally continent with or without minimal soiling. Reoperation for Hirschsprung's disease was effective and safe for the patients complicated to the initial pull-through operation.


Subject(s)
Adhesives , Constriction, Pathologic , Fistula , Follow-Up Studies , Hirschsprung Disease , Humans , Ileostomy , Ileus , Interviews as Topic , Postoperative Complications , Pulmonary Embolism , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Seoul , Soil , Wound Infection
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-76725

ABSTRACT

Visceral leishmaniasis is a life-threatening systemic infection caused by a protozoa of the genus leishmania and transmitted by sandfly. We report the first case of visceral leishmanaisis in Korea. The patient was a one-year-old girl admitted with the symptoms of fever, abdominal distension, pancytopenia, and purpura. She traveled to Argentina 5 months ago, and has had symptoms such as fever and pale appearance. Laboratory findings were: WBC, 12,680/mm3; Hg, 3.7g/dL; platelet, 100K; total bilirubin, 1.2mg/dL; AST/ALT, 48/10 U/L. CT scan and MRI showed hepato-splenomegaly. On laparotomy, excision of an accessory spleen and splenic hilar lymph nodes were performed. Many amastigotes were microscopically identified in histiocytes from the biopsy tissues. Sodium stibogluconate was administrated for 2 weeks, which did not relieve the symptoms. After administration of the additional Amphotericin B for 3 weeks, symptoms were improved.


Subject(s)
Amphotericin B , Antimony Sodium Gluconate , Argentina , Bilirubin , Biopsy , Blood Platelets , Child , Female , Fever , Histiocytes , Humans , Korea , Laparotomy , Leishmania , Leishmaniasis, Visceral , Lymph Nodes , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Pancytopenia , Psychodidae , Purpura , Spleen , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-76233

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: A number of studies have reported obtaining satisfactory results from the nonoperative management of perianal abscess (PAA) and/or fistula-in-ano (FIA) in infancy. The aim of this study was to obtain insight into the results of different treatment for perianal abscess and/or fistula- in-ano in infants. METHODS: This is a retrospective study utilizing the medical records of patients treated from March 1997 until January 2004 at our Pediatric Surgical Center. Follow-up on patients by telephone was done when necessary and these findings were also included in the results. RESULTS: One hundred twenty four patients were analyzed (122 boys and 2 girls). 113 patients of the 124 patients (91.9%) were under the age of 1 year. 93 lesions of the total 131 lesions (70.0%) were laterally located. 73 (88.0%) of the 83 identified patients(confirmed cases whether cured or not) were cured within 12 months, and 78 (94.0%) of the 83 patients were cured without surgical intervention within 24 months. The numbers of PAA and FIA were 68 and 15 respectively. PAA was cured within 1 month for 27 children (39.7%), and within 6 months for 51 children (75%). FIA was cured within 6 months for 8 children (53.3%) but there were no cases of FIA cured within 1 month. CONCLUSIONS: In healthy infants, PAA and FIA are self- limited conditions that rarely require a surgical drainage procedure such as fistulotomy or fistulectomy, and these conditions do not require antibiotics. So we prefer conservative management techniques such as sitz bath and/or simple drainage to radical surgery.


Subject(s)
Abscess , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Baths , Child , Drainage , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Infant , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Telephone
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-124473

ABSTRACT

Pheochromocytoma is one of the potentially fatal causes of childhood hypertension. The study aims to analyze the results of our experiences in pheochromocytomas and the long-term results of its surgical treatment in children. The records of 15 children (11 boys, 4 girls) treated for pheochromocytoma in our unit during the period of 1984 and 2002 were reviewed retrospectively. The average age at surgery was 11.7 yr (range 6 yr 9 months-15 yr 7 months). Localized disease is defined as the cases without the invasion of surrounding tissue, regional disease as the invasion of surrounding tissue and metastatic disease as distant metastases. The mean follow-up after pheochromocytoma excision was 95 months (range 5 to 221 months). Tumors were located in the adrenal gland in 11 (bilaterally in 4) and extra-adrenally in 4. Localized disease occurred in 14 patients and regional disease in one. Only one patient was associated with von Hippel Lindau syndrome. Adrenalectomy or total excision of extra adrenal tumor was performed. Four patients (26.7%) recurred after the first operation (at 2 yr 9 months to 14 yr) and regional disease recurred in one patient three times. Early diagnosis, surgical excision, and long-term follow up are most important for the appropriate treatment of childhood pheochromocytoma.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adrenal Gland Neoplasms/surgery , Adrenal Glands/pathology , Adrenalectomy , Child , Chromaffin Cells/pathology , Female , Follow-Up Studies , von Hippel-Lindau Disease/pathology , Humans , Hypertension/etiology , Male , Neoplasm Metastasis , Pheochromocytoma/surgery , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-13087

ABSTRACT

As prenatal ultrasonography becomes popular, the number of prenatal diagnosis of congenital surgical diseases is also increasing. To evaluate the impact of antenatal ultrasonography on outcome the mortality rate in neonatal surgical emergencies was studied. The authors retrospectively reviewed 281 patients (congenital diaphragmatic hernia: 44, tracheoesophageal fistula: 78, intestinal atresia: 98, omphalocele: 28 and gastroschisis: 33 who had been managed at Seoul National University Childrens Hospital, from January 1991 to December 2000. The patients were divided into two groups; group A (1991 to 1995; 139 patients) and group B (1996 to 2000; 142 patients). These two groups were subdivided into prenatally diagnosed subgroup and postnatally diagnosed subgroup. We analyzed the changes of prenatal diagnosis rate, total mortality rate, and mortality rate of subgroups. Prenatal diagnosis rate was increased significantly in group B (Group A: 24.5 % and Group B: 45.1 %). Total mortality rate of group A was 21.6 %, and that of group B was 10.6 %, showing a significant decrease in group B. However, in both group A and B, when compared antenatally diagnosed subgroup with postnatally diagnosed subgroup, the mortality rate was lower in postnatally diagnosed subgroups but statistically not significant. The authors conclude that although prenatal diagnosis rate has been increased, prenatal diagnosis itself has not resulted in significant improvement in outcome.


Subject(s)
Child , Emergencies , Gastroschisis , Hernia, Diaphragmatic , Hernia, Umbilical , Humans , Intestinal Atresia , Mortality , Prenatal Diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Seoul , Tracheoesophageal Fistula , Ultrasonography , Ultrasonography, Prenatal
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-13086

ABSTRACT

The history of esophageal replacement in infants or children is the history of development of various kinds of alternative conduits such as stomach, colon, and small bowel. The gastric tube has been the most widely used conduit. From January 1988 to May 2003, 23 esophageal replacements with gastric tube were performed at the Department of Pediatric Surgery, Seoul National University Childrens Hospital. Statistical analysis was performed using Windows SPSS11.0 Pearson exact test. There were Gross type A(n=10), type B(n=1), type C(n=11), type D(n=1). Ten patients who had long gap esophageal atresia (type A-8, type B-1, type C-1) and 13 patients (type A 2, type C-10, type D-1) who had stenosis, leakage, recurred tracheoesophageal fistula, and esophagocutaneous fistula after previous corrective operations, had esophageal replacement with gastric tube. Mean follow-up periods were 4 year 2 months (7 months-15 year 1 month). There were postoperative complications including GERD in 16 (69.6 %), leakages in 7 (30.4 %), diverticulum at anastomosis in 2 (8.7 %), anastomosis site stenosis in 4 (17.3 %), and distal stenosis of the gastric tube in 1 (4.3 %). There was no statistical significance between operation types and postoperative leakage and gastroesophageal reflux. In conclusion, esophageal replacement with gastric tube may be a useful surgical option in esophageal atresia with long gap and esophageal atresia complicated by previous corrective operation.


Subject(s)
Child , Colon , Constriction, Pathologic , Diverticulum , Esophageal Atresia , Fistula , Follow-Up Studies , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Humans , Infant , Postoperative Complications , Seoul , Stomach , Tracheoesophageal Fistula
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-38978

ABSTRACT

Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD) has now become an established form of renal replacement therapy in children. Despite of technical improvements, there are various complications in CAPD. We reviewed medical records of children who received CAPD at Seoul National University Children's Hospital in the period between May 1991 and June 2002. Ninety-three procedures of CAPD catheter insertion in 70 patients were included in this study. Complication rate was 64.5%, and CAPD catheter related peritonitis was most common. In conclusion, CAPD catheter related peritonitis develops in considerable number of pediatric patients. Although the peritonitis could be treated with empirical antibiotics therapy, further investigation to prevent complication is required.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Catheters , Child , Humans , Medical Records , Peritoneal Dialysis, Continuous Ambulatory , Peritonitis , Renal Replacement Therapy , Seoul
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-36627

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Fecal incontinence as a result of anorectal malformation, Hirschsprung's disease, and spina bifida remains a major problem for patients, their families, and for surgeons. The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of an antegrade continence enema (ACE) in children suffering from fecal incontinence. METHODS: An ACE was performed in 18 patients with fecal incontinence due to meningomyelocele between January 1998 and May 2002. Three operative methods were applied: reversed appendicostomy (1/18), orthotopic appendicostomy (5/18) and neoappendicostomy with cecal flap (12/18). The enema solutions used in our patients were the Fleet enema solution, the solin enema solution and the Soft-soap enema solution etc. RESULTS: The overall success rate was 83%. The most common complication was abdominal pain (77.7%) with the other complications being stoma stricture (11.1%), stoma leakage (11.1%), as well as stoma infection, diarrhea, nausea, vomit ing and epigastric soreness. The success of the surgical techniques, the regulation of fecal soiling, and improvement in the quality of life for the patients and their families were evaluated according to the Johns Hopkins Hospital's scoring system. The improvement in the quality of life was 87% with a mean follow-up period of 24 months. CONCLUSION: An ACE procedure appears to be a safe and effective approach for the control of fecal incontinence in pediatric patients with menigomyelocele and significantly improves the quality of life for nearly all patients.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Child , Constriction, Pathologic , Diarrhea , Enema , Fecal Incontinence , Follow-Up Studies , Hirschsprung Disease , Humans , Meningomyelocele , Nausea , Quality of Life , Soil , Spinal Dysraphism
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