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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925172

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Breast cancer is mainly diagnosed using core needle biopsy (CNB), although other biopsy methods, including vacuum-assisted biopsy (VAB), may also be used. We compared differences in clinical characteristics and prognoses of patients with breast cancer according to biopsy methods used for diagnosis. @*Methods@#A total of 98,457 patients who underwent various biopsy methods (CNB, fine-needle aspiration [FNA], VAB, and excisional biopsy) for diagnosing breast cancer were recruited. Using CNB as a reference, related clinicopathological factors and prognostic differences between biopsy methods were analyzed retrospectively using large-scale data from the Korean Breast Cancer Society Registration System. The associations between biopsy methods and clinicopathological factors were compared using multinomial logistic regression analysis, and the prognoses of patients undergoing the different biopsy methods, as breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS) and overall survival (OS), were compared using the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazard model. @*Results@#Univariate and multivariate analyses showed that unlike FNA, both VAB and excisional biopsy were significantly associated with tumor size, palpability, tumor stage, and histologic grade as relatively good prognostic factors compared to CNB. In particular, VAB showed lower odds ratios for these factors than excisional biopsy. In the univariate analysis, the prognosis of patients undergoing VAB was better than that of those undergoing CNB with respect to BCSS (hazard ratio [HR], 0.188, p < 0.001) and OS (HR, 0.359; p < 0.001). However, in the multivariate analysis, there were no significant prognostic differences from CNB in both BCSS and OS; differences were only evident for FNA. @*Conclusion@#In this study, we showed that the characteristics of breast cancer differed according to various biopsy methods. Although VAB is not a standard method for breast cancer diagnosis, it showed no prognostic differences to CNB.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889318

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) is a systematic and standardized scheme of the radiological findings of breast. However, there were different BI-RADS categories between breast cancers as the clinical characteristics in previous studies. We analyzed the association of BI-RADS categories with the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of breast cancer. @*Methods@#A total of 44,184 patients with invasive breast cancers assigned to BI-RADS category 3, 4, or 5 in preoperative mammography or ultrasonography were analyzed retrospectively using large-scale data from the Korean Breast Cancer Society registration system. The difference in the clinicopathological factors and prognoses according to the BI-RADS categories (BI-RADS 3–4 and BI-RADS 5) were compared between the mammography and ultrasonography groups. Comparisons of the clinicopathological factors in both groups were made using logistic regression analysis, while the prognoses were based on the breast cancer-specific survival using the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazards model. @*Results@#The factors associated with BI-RADS were T stage, N stage, palpability, histology grade, and lymphovascular invasion in the mammography group; and N stage, palpability, histology grade, and lymphovascular invasion in the ultrasonography group. In the survival analysis, there were significant differences in the breast cancer-specific survival of the BI-RADS category groups in both of the mammography (hazard ratio [HR], 3.366; P < 0.001) and ultrasonography (HR, 2.877; P < 0.001) groups. @*Conclusion@#In this study, the BI-RADS categories of preoperative mammography and ultrasonography of patients with invasive breast cancer were associated with prognosis and could be an important factor in making treatment decisions.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897022

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) is a systematic and standardized scheme of the radiological findings of breast. However, there were different BI-RADS categories between breast cancers as the clinical characteristics in previous studies. We analyzed the association of BI-RADS categories with the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of breast cancer. @*Methods@#A total of 44,184 patients with invasive breast cancers assigned to BI-RADS category 3, 4, or 5 in preoperative mammography or ultrasonography were analyzed retrospectively using large-scale data from the Korean Breast Cancer Society registration system. The difference in the clinicopathological factors and prognoses according to the BI-RADS categories (BI-RADS 3–4 and BI-RADS 5) were compared between the mammography and ultrasonography groups. Comparisons of the clinicopathological factors in both groups were made using logistic regression analysis, while the prognoses were based on the breast cancer-specific survival using the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazards model. @*Results@#The factors associated with BI-RADS were T stage, N stage, palpability, histology grade, and lymphovascular invasion in the mammography group; and N stage, palpability, histology grade, and lymphovascular invasion in the ultrasonography group. In the survival analysis, there were significant differences in the breast cancer-specific survival of the BI-RADS category groups in both of the mammography (hazard ratio [HR], 3.366; P < 0.001) and ultrasonography (HR, 2.877; P < 0.001) groups. @*Conclusion@#In this study, the BI-RADS categories of preoperative mammography and ultrasonography of patients with invasive breast cancer were associated with prognosis and could be an important factor in making treatment decisions.

4.
Journal of Breast Disease ; (2): 92-99, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891317

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Palpability is known to be a poor prognostic factor for breast cancer. The present study analyzed the clinicopathological characteristics and outcomes of palpable and nonpalpable breast cancers using big data. @*Methods@#Between January 2005 and May 2019, a total of 15,141 patients were enrolled. All patients were diagnosed with invasive ductal carcinomas. Patients with unclear medical records, multiple tumors, bilateral breast cancers, inflammatory breast cancers, inoperable breast cancers and distant metastasis were excluded. Patients were divided into the palpable and nonpalpable breast cancer groups based on physicians’ clinical examinations. The clinicopathological characteristics and disease-specific survivals (DSS) were analyzed. @*Results@#Patients with palpable breast cancers were younger, had larger tumors, and higher tumor-node-metastasis stage (p<0.001) than patients with nonpalpable breast cancers. Palpable breast cancer cases had higher rates of lympho-vascular invasion, higher histologic and nuclear grades than nonpalpable breast cancer cases (p<0.001). The positive proportion of hormone receptor was higher in the nonpalpable breast cancer group than in the palpable breast cancer group, but that of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 was higher in the palpable breast cancer group than in the nonpalpable breast cancer group (p<0.001). The Ki-67 index was higher in the palpable breast cancer group than in the nonpalpable breast cancer group (p<0.001). Total mastectomy and axillary dissection were performed more frequently in the palpable breast cancer group than in the nonpalpable breast cancer group (p<0.001). Adjuvant chemotherapy was administered more frequently in the palpable breast cancer group than in the nonpalpable breast cancer group. However, radiotherapy and hormonal therapy were performed more frequently in nonpalpable breast cancer group than in the nonpalpable breast cancer group (p<0.001). According to a multivariate analysis, younger age, lower body mass index, larger tumor size, tumor location, higher stage, higher histologic grade and higher Ki-67 index were associated with palpability (p<0.001). DSS was significantly lower in the palpable breast cancer group than in the nonpalpable breast cancer group (p<0.001). @*Conclusion@#Palpable breast cancers tend to be triple negative breast cancers and have higher histologic grade and, Ki-67 index and worse prognosis than nonpalpable breast cancers. Therefore, based on the results of the present study, treating palpable breast cancers requires careful attention.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889265

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) is the standard axillary procedure in early breast cancer patients. In a randomized trial, the survival rates were not different when axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) was omitted in patients with 1 or 2 lymph node metastases who underwent breast conserving surgery. This study aimed to compare the outcomes in patients who underwent total mastectomy (TM) with 1 or 2 metastatic nodes according to the types of axillary surgery. @*Methods@#In total, 79,058 patients registered in the Korean Breast Cancer Society database who underwent TM were included in the analysis. The inclusion criteria were history of TM and SLNB, pathologic T stage 1 or 2, clinically negative axillary lymph nodes, 1 or 2 metastatic axillary lymph nodes, no radiation therapy, and no neoadjuvant therapy. We divided the patients into the SLNB only and SLNB + ALND groups. The groups were matched by propensity scores. We retrospectively analyzed the differences in the overall survival (OS) between the 2 groups. @*Results@#A total of 883 patients were matched in a 1:4 ratio for the SLNB only and SLNB + ALND groups in the cohort from 1999 to 2014. There were no significant differences in OS between the 2 groups (P = 0.413). Subgroup analysis revealed a significant survival benefit in the SLNB + ALND group in the T2 subgroup (P = 0.013). @*Conclusion@#OS did not differ between the 2 groups in early breast cancer patients with 1 or 2 metastatic axillary lymph nodes who underwent TM. Omission of ALND may be considered in selected patients.

6.
Journal of Breast Disease ; (2): 92-99, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899021

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Palpability is known to be a poor prognostic factor for breast cancer. The present study analyzed the clinicopathological characteristics and outcomes of palpable and nonpalpable breast cancers using big data. @*Methods@#Between January 2005 and May 2019, a total of 15,141 patients were enrolled. All patients were diagnosed with invasive ductal carcinomas. Patients with unclear medical records, multiple tumors, bilateral breast cancers, inflammatory breast cancers, inoperable breast cancers and distant metastasis were excluded. Patients were divided into the palpable and nonpalpable breast cancer groups based on physicians’ clinical examinations. The clinicopathological characteristics and disease-specific survivals (DSS) were analyzed. @*Results@#Patients with palpable breast cancers were younger, had larger tumors, and higher tumor-node-metastasis stage (p<0.001) than patients with nonpalpable breast cancers. Palpable breast cancer cases had higher rates of lympho-vascular invasion, higher histologic and nuclear grades than nonpalpable breast cancer cases (p<0.001). The positive proportion of hormone receptor was higher in the nonpalpable breast cancer group than in the palpable breast cancer group, but that of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 was higher in the palpable breast cancer group than in the nonpalpable breast cancer group (p<0.001). The Ki-67 index was higher in the palpable breast cancer group than in the nonpalpable breast cancer group (p<0.001). Total mastectomy and axillary dissection were performed more frequently in the palpable breast cancer group than in the nonpalpable breast cancer group (p<0.001). Adjuvant chemotherapy was administered more frequently in the palpable breast cancer group than in the nonpalpable breast cancer group. However, radiotherapy and hormonal therapy were performed more frequently in nonpalpable breast cancer group than in the nonpalpable breast cancer group (p<0.001). According to a multivariate analysis, younger age, lower body mass index, larger tumor size, tumor location, higher stage, higher histologic grade and higher Ki-67 index were associated with palpability (p<0.001). DSS was significantly lower in the palpable breast cancer group than in the nonpalpable breast cancer group (p<0.001). @*Conclusion@#Palpable breast cancers tend to be triple negative breast cancers and have higher histologic grade and, Ki-67 index and worse prognosis than nonpalpable breast cancers. Therefore, based on the results of the present study, treating palpable breast cancers requires careful attention.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896969

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) is the standard axillary procedure in early breast cancer patients. In a randomized trial, the survival rates were not different when axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) was omitted in patients with 1 or 2 lymph node metastases who underwent breast conserving surgery. This study aimed to compare the outcomes in patients who underwent total mastectomy (TM) with 1 or 2 metastatic nodes according to the types of axillary surgery. @*Methods@#In total, 79,058 patients registered in the Korean Breast Cancer Society database who underwent TM were included in the analysis. The inclusion criteria were history of TM and SLNB, pathologic T stage 1 or 2, clinically negative axillary lymph nodes, 1 or 2 metastatic axillary lymph nodes, no radiation therapy, and no neoadjuvant therapy. We divided the patients into the SLNB only and SLNB + ALND groups. The groups were matched by propensity scores. We retrospectively analyzed the differences in the overall survival (OS) between the 2 groups. @*Results@#A total of 883 patients were matched in a 1:4 ratio for the SLNB only and SLNB + ALND groups in the cohort from 1999 to 2014. There were no significant differences in OS between the 2 groups (P = 0.413). Subgroup analysis revealed a significant survival benefit in the SLNB + ALND group in the T2 subgroup (P = 0.013). @*Conclusion@#OS did not differ between the 2 groups in early breast cancer patients with 1 or 2 metastatic axillary lymph nodes who underwent TM. Omission of ALND may be considered in selected patients.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739591

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) can be used to diagnose thyroid cancer and other tumors. Although FNAB without negative pressure (FNAB−P) reduces the risk of blood contamination, FNAB with negative pressure (FNAB+P) increases the sensitivity of the biopsy results. Therefore, we performed a randomized study of FNAB with or without negative pressure to identify the better diagnostic method. METHODS: Between March 2016 and February 2017, 172 consecutive patients were enrolled to investigate >0.5 cm nodules with indeterminate or suspicious malignant features. Patients were randomly assigned to the FNAB+P group (a 50 mL syringe was used to provide negative pressure) or to the FNAB−P group (passive collection of blood in the needle's hub). The 2 methods' diagnostic adequacy and quality were evaluated using an objective scoring system. The study's protocol was registered with the World Health Organization Clinical Research Information Service (http://cris.nih.go.kr/cris, KCT0001857). RESULTS: The patients were randomly assigned to the FNAB+P group (n = 86) or the FNAB−P group (n = 86). There were no significant intergroup differences in nodule position, size, age, consistency, calcification, BRAF mutation, or pathology. Evaluation of diagnostic adequacy parameters revealed no significant differences in background blood/clot (P = 0.728), amount of cellular material (P = 0.052), degree of cellular degeneration (P = 0.622), degree of cellular trauma (P = 0.979), or retention of appropriate architecture (P = 0.487). Furthermore, there was no significant intergroup difference in the diagnostic quality (P = 0.634). CONCLUSION: This prospective randomized study failed to detect significant differences in the diagnostic adequacy and quality of FNAB with or without negative pressure. Therefore, the examiner may select whichever FNAB method they prefer.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Cytological Techniques , Humans , Information Services , Methods , Pathology , Prospective Studies , Syringes , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroid Nodule , World Health Organization
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713696

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Breast cancer is one of the most common malignancies worldwide and the second most common cancer among Korean women. The prognosis of breast cancer is poor in patients with other primary cancers. However, there have been few clinical studies regarding this issue. Therefore, we analyzed the characteristics and prognosis of patients with breast cancer with multiple primary cancers (MPCs). METHODS: Data from the Korean Breast Cancer Society Registry were analyzed. Data from enrolled patients who underwent surgery for breast cancer were analyzed for differences in prognosis dependent on the presence of MPCs, and which MPC characteristics affected their prognosis. RESULTS: Among the 41,841 patients analyzed, 913 patients were found to have MPCs, accounting for 950 total MPCs. There was a significant difference in survival rates between the breast cancer only group and the MPC group. The 5-year survival rates were 93.6% and 86.7% and the 10-year survival rates were 87.5% and 70.4%, respectively. Among the 913 patients with MPCs, patients with two or more MPCs had significantly worse prognoses than patients with a single MPC. With respect to the time interval between breast cancer and MPC occurrence, patients with a 5-year or greater interval had significantly better prognoses than patients with less than 1 year between occurrences. Among MPCs, thyroid cancer was the most common primary cancer. However, this type was not related to the prognosis of breast cancer. Gynecologic cancer, colorectal cancer, upper gastrointestinal cancer, and lung cancer were related to breast cancer prognosis. CONCLUSION: MPCs were a poor prognostic factor for patients with breast cancer. Two or more MPCs and a shorter time interval between occurrences were worse prognostic factors. Although MPCs were a poor prognostic factor, thyroid cancer did not affect the prognosis of patients with breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Colorectal Neoplasms , Female , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary , Prognosis , Survival Rate , Thyroid Neoplasms
10.
Journal of Breast Disease ; (2): 60-72, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718902

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: According to American Society of Clinical Oncology/College of American Pathologists guidelines, breast cancer is human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) positive if there is HER2 protein overexpression at a 3+ level on immunohistochemistry (IHC 3+) or gene amplification (more than six copies per nucleus) on fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH+). However, there have been few reports on whether outcomes differ based on diagnosis by these two techniques. In this study, we compared outcomes based on the two methods in patients with HER2-positive breast cancer. METHODS: This study was a retrospective analysis of HER2-positive breast cancer in 18,304 patients, including 14,652 IHC 3+ patients and 3,652 FISH+ patients from the Korean Breast Cancer Society Registry. We compared breast cancer-specific survival and overall survival based on IHC 3+ and FISH+ status with or without trastuzumab. RESULTS: Breast cancer-specific survival was significantly different between the IHC 3+ and FISH+ groups, with 5-year cumulative survival rates of 95.0% for IHC 3+ and 98.5% for FISH+ patients who did not receive trastuzumab (p=0.001) in Kaplan-Meier methods. However, there were no significant differences in breast cancer-specific survival and overall survival between IHC 3+ and FISH+ groups regardless of trastuzumab treatment in Cox proportional hazards models. CONCLUSION: The survival outcomes were not affected by the different two diagnostic methods of HER2-positive breast cancer. Further research to evaluate differences in prognosis and other characteristics according to the diagnostic methods of HER2 positivity is needed in the future.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Diagnosis , Epidermal Growth Factor , Fluorescence , Gene Amplification , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , In Situ Hybridization , Methods , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , ErbB Receptors , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Trastuzumab
12.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 306-314, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716745

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) is a standard axillary surgery in early breast cancer. If the SLNB result is positive, subsequent axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) is a routine procedure. In 2011, the American College of Surgeons Oncology Group Z0011 trial revealed that ALND may not be necessary in early breast cancer with one or two positive sentinel lymph nodes. The purpose of this study was to compare outcomes among Korean patients with one or two positive axillary lymph nodes in the final pathology who did and did not undergo ALND. METHODS: A total of 131,717 patients from the Korea Breast Cancer Society registry database received breast cancer surgery from January 1995 to December 2014. Inclusion criteria were T stage 1 or 2, one or two positive lymph nodes, and having received breast-conserving surgery (BCS), whole breast radiation therapy, and no neoadjuvant therapy. We analyzed the differences in disease-specific survival (DSS) and overall survival (OS) between patients who received SLNB only and those who underwent SLNB+ALND. RESULTS: A total 4,442 patients met the inclusion criteria, with 1,268 (28.6%) in the SLNB group and 3,174 (71.4%) in the SLNB+ALND group. There were no differences in DSS and OS between the two groups (p=0.378 and p=0.925, respectively). The number of patients who underwent SLNB alone for one or two positive lymph nodes increased continuously from 2004 to 2014. CONCLUSION: Korean patients with early breast cancer and 1 or 2 positive axillary lymph nodes who received BCS plus SLNB showed no significant difference in DSS and OS regardless of whether they received ALND. The findings of this retrospective study demonstrate that omitting ALND can be considered when treating selected patients with early breast cancer who have one or two positive lymph nodes.


Subject(s)
Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Humans , Korea , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Metastasis , Mastectomy, Segmental , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Metastasis , Pathology , Retrospective Studies , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy , Surgeons
13.
Journal of Breast Disease ; (2): 92-99, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-653795

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the usefulness of the axillary lymph node to primary breast tumor maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) ratio in 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for predicting the presence of metastasis in axillary lymph nodes. METHODS: Herein, 196 consecutive patients with breast cancer who underwent PET/CT before surgery from January 2009 to January 2013 were included. We calculated the axillary lymph node to primary breast tumor SUVmax ratio using PET/CT. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of the ratio were compared with those of nodal SUVmax and axillary ultrasonography. Axillary node metastasis was confirmed with sentinel node biopsy or axillary dissection. RESULTS: The SUVmax ratio (cutoff, 0.14; area under the curve, 0.741) had 55.4% sensitivity, 91.6% specificity, 76.6% PPV, and 80.5% NPV for predicting axillary node metastasis. No significant difference was observed in terms of predicting axillary node metastasis among the SUVmax ratio, nodal SUVmax, and ultrasonography. In the multivariate analysis, primary tumor size (p=0.014), SUVmax of the primary tumor (p=0.011), axillary ultrasonography findings, nodal SUVmax, and SUVmax ratio were significantly associated with lymph node metastasis (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: The axillary lymph node to primary breast tumor SUVmax ratio predicted axillary lymph node metastasis, although no significant difference in diagnostic performance was observed between PET/CT and ultrasonography. The axillary lymph node to primary breast tumor SUVmax ratio may be considered an additional method for the preoperative evaluation of axillary lymph node status.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-91776

ABSTRACT

Thyroid core needle biopsy (CNB) is commonly used in diagnosis of thyroid neoplasia, and despite its low complication rate, the complications can be fatal. Here, we report on the surgical management of thyroid artery bleeding after core needle biopsy of a thyroid nodule. A 58-year-old woman who underwent core needle biopsy presented with neck bulging and pain that developed two hours after biopsy. A large hematoma surrounding her right superior thyroid artery was detected.


Subject(s)
Arteries , Biopsy , Biopsy, Large-Core Needle , Diagnosis , Female , Hematoma , Hemorrhage , Humans , Middle Aged , Neck , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Nodule
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-139048

ABSTRACT

About 20%–30% of all cases of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A (MEN 2A) is accompanied by primary hyperparathyroidism. These patients undergo parathyroidectomy and, if needed, autotransplantation. In rare cases, autotransplanted parathyroid tissues can cause hypoparathyroidism due to failure of transplantation or hyperparathyroidism due to proliferation of the transplanted tissue. A 68-year-old female with MEN 2A underwent left adrenalectomy for pheochromocytoma 15 years prior to presentation and total thyroidectomy, central and right lateral neck lymph node dissection, and subtotal parathyroidectomy with autotransplantation for medullary thyroid cancer and primary hyperparathyroidism 6 years previous. Recently, a doubtful parathyroid adenoma was detected in the left sternocleidomastoid muscle on ultrasonography and on an additional sestamibi scan. The mass was excised and histologically confirmed as parathyroid adenoma. This is a very rare case, and it suggests that long-term regular monitoring of serum calcium and intact parathyroid hormone levels is necessary after parathyroid autotransplantation.


Subject(s)
Adrenalectomy , Aged , Autografts , Calcium , Female , Humans , Hyperparathyroidism , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary , Hypoparathyroidism , Lymph Node Excision , Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2a , Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia , Neck , Parathyroid Glands , Parathyroid Hormone , Parathyroid Neoplasms , Parathyroidectomy , Pheochromocytoma , Recurrence , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroidectomy , Transplantation, Autologous , Ultrasonography
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-139045

ABSTRACT

About 20%–30% of all cases of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A (MEN 2A) is accompanied by primary hyperparathyroidism. These patients undergo parathyroidectomy and, if needed, autotransplantation. In rare cases, autotransplanted parathyroid tissues can cause hypoparathyroidism due to failure of transplantation or hyperparathyroidism due to proliferation of the transplanted tissue. A 68-year-old female with MEN 2A underwent left adrenalectomy for pheochromocytoma 15 years prior to presentation and total thyroidectomy, central and right lateral neck lymph node dissection, and subtotal parathyroidectomy with autotransplantation for medullary thyroid cancer and primary hyperparathyroidism 6 years previous. Recently, a doubtful parathyroid adenoma was detected in the left sternocleidomastoid muscle on ultrasonography and on an additional sestamibi scan. The mass was excised and histologically confirmed as parathyroid adenoma. This is a very rare case, and it suggests that long-term regular monitoring of serum calcium and intact parathyroid hormone levels is necessary after parathyroid autotransplantation.


Subject(s)
Adrenalectomy , Aged , Autografts , Calcium , Female , Humans , Hyperparathyroidism , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary , Hypoparathyroidism , Lymph Node Excision , Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2a , Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia , Neck , Parathyroid Glands , Parathyroid Hormone , Parathyroid Neoplasms , Parathyroidectomy , Pheochromocytoma , Recurrence , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroidectomy , Transplantation, Autologous , Ultrasonography
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-217393

ABSTRACT

Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a rare and rapidly progressive disease involving the skin, subcutaneous tissue, and deep soft tissue. Although NF can occur any part of the body, the breast is an uncommon primary site for NF, and its occurrence in the breast during pregnancy has never previously been reported. Here, we report the case of a healthy 31-year-old pregnant woman who presented with NF of the left breast that was successfully treated with breast-conserving debridement and secondary wound closure using negative-pressure wound therapy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Breast , Debridement , Fasciitis, Necrotizing , Female , Humans , Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , Skin , Subcutaneous Tissue , Wounds and Injuries
18.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 248-251, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-43874

ABSTRACT

Synchronous bilateral breast cancer is extremely rare in men and has not, up to date, been reported in Korea. A 54-year-old man presented with a palpable mass in the right breast. The right nipple was retracted and bilateral axillary accessory breasts and nipples were present. On physical examination, a 2 cm-sized mass was palpated directly under the right nipple, and, with squeezing, bloody discharge developed in a single duct of the left nipple. There was no palpable mass in the left breast, and axillary lymph nodes were not palpable. Physical examination of external genitalia revealed a unilateral undescended testis on the left side. Synchronous bilateral breast cancer was diagnosed using mammography, ultrasonography, and core-needle biopsy. Histopathological examination revealed invasive ductal carcinoma in the right breast and ductal carcinoma in situ in the left breast. Bilateral total mastectomy, sentinel lymph node biopsy, and excision of accessory breasts in the axilla were performed.


Subject(s)
Axilla , Biopsy , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Ductal , Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating , Cryptorchidism , Genitalia , Humans , Korea , Lymph Nodes , Male , Mammography , Mastectomy, Simple , Middle Aged , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary , Nipples , Nitriles , Physical Examination , Pyrethrins , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-67281

ABSTRACT

Microglandular adenosis (MGA) of the breast is a very rare and benign proliferative lesion. Most patients complain of a palpable breast mass that may arouse a clinical suspicion of breast cancer. Histopathologically, it is hard to distinguish MGA from breast cancer because of the lack of a myoepithelial layer and infiltrative proliferation. Several studies have reported a strong relationship between MGA and carcinoma arising in MGA, so the mass should be excised completely in cases of MGA determined from a core needle biopsy rather than observation. A 72-years-old woman presented with a palpable breast mass. On physical examination, a mass was palpable in the right upper outer quadrant area and somewhat fixed to the surrounding tissues and pectoralis major muscle. We could not detect any mass or dense lesion on mammography because of a grade 4 dense breast. Ultrasonographic findings revealed a low echoic lesion with indistinct margins. The result of a core needle biopsy was MGA, which was confirmed by excision. We report one case of MGA, which was believed to breast cancer clinically.


Subject(s)
Biopsy, Large-Core Needle , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Female , Fibrocystic Breast Disease , Humans , Mammography , Muscles , Physical Examination
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-78679

ABSTRACT

Colonic diverticulosis has continuously increased, noticeably left-sided diseases, in Korea. A colovesical fistula is an uncommon complication of diverticulitis, and its most common cause is diverticular disease. Confirmation of its presence generally depends on clinical findings, such as pneumaturia and fecaluria. The primary aim of a diagnostic workup is not to observe the fistular tract itself but to find the etiology of the disease so that an appropriate therapy can be initiated. We present here the case of a 79-year-old man complaining of pneumaturia and fecaluria. On abdomen and pelvis CT, the patient was diagnosed as having a colovesical fistula due to sigmoid diverticulitis. After division of the adhesion between the sigmoid colon and the bladder, the defect of the bladder wall was repaired by simple closure. The colonic defect was treated with a segmental resection, including the rectosigmoid junction. The patient is doing well at 6 months after the operation and shows no evidence of recurrence of the fistula.


Subject(s)
Abdomen , Aged , Colon , Colon, Sigmoid , Diverticulitis , Diverticulitis, Colonic , Diverticulosis, Colonic , Fistula , Humans , Intestinal Fistula , Korea , Pelvis , Recurrence , Urinary Bladder
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