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1.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920122

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Vocal polyps are generally caused by phonotrauma such as vocal overuse, and the first line treatment is known as laryngeal microsurgery. The aim of the study is to evaluate the applicability and effectiveness of percutaneous steroid injection via cricothyroid membrane in patients with vocal polyp and to evaluate its advantages and limitations of the technique.Subjects and Method We included in this study 70 patients with vocal polyp managed by vocal fold steroid injection via the cricothyroid membrane from Jan 2008 to July 2018. We compared their medical records of laryngoscopy, stroboscopy, and multi-dimensional voice program analysis at pre and post treatment. Subjective voice improvement was evaluated using Voice Handicap Index-30 (VHI-30). @*Results@#Of the patients, 54.3 percent showed morphological improvement. In acoustic analysis, the pre-treatment mean values of jitter, shimmer, and NHR were 2.20±2.23, 5.09±3.24, 0.15±0.04, respectively. The post-treatment values were 1.54±1.28, 5.00±4.40, 0.13±0.04, respectively, and only jitter was statistically significant. For subjective symptom improvement, 32 (45.8%) patients showed better score on the post-treatment of VHI-30 compared to pretreatment. Ten patients experienced mild complications such as vocal fold atrophy and scar; however, no critical complications such as internal bleeding or dyspnea were reported. @*Conclusion@#According to our study, steroid injection is a safe and effective procedure for patients with vocal polyp. A vocal fold steroid injection via the cricothyroid membrane can be an alternative treatment option for those who are not able to undergo conventional laryngeal microscopic surgery.

2.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760103

ABSTRACT

Middle ear adenoma is a very rare disease which is benign and originates from the middle ear mucosa. Patients of middle ear adenoma usually come to the clinic for unilateral hearing loss or tinnitus, but rarely for accompanied facial palsy. It is non-gender specific and occurs over a wide range of ages. The recurrence rate is known to be very low, but few authors argue that neuroendocrine adenoma should be considered as a low grade carcinoma due to some cases of recurrence. A 18 years-old male who had a left side facial palsy about 3 years ago but has currently improved as compared with the initial onset, visited our clinic for the left side hearing loss. Pure tone audiogram showed about 30 dB of conductive hearing loss and a pinkish polypoid mass involving the left tympanic membrane. We removed a tumor via transmastoid approach. The final diagnosis was middle ear adenoma with neuroendocrine differentiation. Neither signs of complication nor recurrence were observed after six months of the surgery.


Subject(s)
Adenoma , Diagnosis , Ear, Middle , Facial Paralysis , Hearing Loss , Hearing Loss, Conductive , Hearing Loss, Unilateral , Hearing , Humans , Male , Mucous Membrane , Rare Diseases , Recurrence , Tinnitus , Tympanic Membrane
3.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916563

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES@#Reinke's edema is a benign vocal fold disease caused by an edematous laryngeal superficial layer of lamina propria. The first line treatment is cessation of smoking and laryngeal microsurgery. The aim of the study is to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of percutaneous steroid injection via cricothyroid membrane in patients with Reinke's edema.MATERIALS AND METHOD: From Jan 2010 to July 2018, 33 Patients with Reinke's edema managed by vocal fold steroid injection via the cricothyroid membrane were included in this study. We compared medical records of laryngoscopy, stroboscopy and Multi-Dimensional Voice Program analysis at pre-treatment and post-treatment. Subjective voice improvement was evaluated using Voice Handicap Index-30 (VHI-30).@*RESULTS@#75.7% of the patients showed partial response and 6.06% showed complete response. 93.94% were present smokers and only 4 patients ceased smoking after the treatment. In acoustic analysis, the pre-treatment mean value of jitter, shimmer, and noise to harmonic ratio was 2.30±3.21, 9.34±10.37, 1.11±2.90 each. The post-treatment value was 2.20±1.89, 6.96±5.30, 0.20±0.09 respectively and none of the parameters were statistically significant. For subjective symptom improvement, 25 (75.8%) patients showed a better score on post-treatment VHI-30 compared to pre-treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#According to our study, steroid injection is a relatively safe and effective procedure for patients with Reinke's edema. A vocal fold steroid injection via the cricothyroid membrane can be an alternative treatment option for those who are not able to undergo conventional laryngeal microscopic surgery, however cessation of smoking is necessary for effective treatment.

4.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830053

ABSTRACT

Middle ear adenoma is a very rare disease which is benign and originates from the middle ear mucosa. Patients of middle ear adenoma usually come to the clinic for unilateral hearing loss or tinnitus, but rarely for accompanied facial palsy. It is non-gender specific and occurs over a wide range of ages. The recurrence rate is known to be very low, but few authors argue that neuroendocrine adenoma should be considered as a low grade carcinoma due to some cases of recurrence. A 18 years-old male who had a left side facial palsy about 3 years ago but has currently improved as compared with the initial onset, visited our clinic for the left side hearing loss. Pure tone audiogram showed about 30 dB of conductive hearing loss and a pinkish polypoid mass involving the left tympanic membrane. We removed a tumor via transmastoid approach. The final diagnosis was middle ear adenoma with neuroendocrine differentiation. Neither signs of complication nor recurrence were observed after six months of the surgery.

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