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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875786

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the CYP2C19 gene polymorphism in patients with upper digestive system diseases in Anhui Province, so as to provide evidence for individual treatment.@*Methods@#The 307 patients with upper digestive system diseases in the Department of Gastroenterology, The 901st Hospital of Combined Service Force of People's Liberation Army were selected. The CYP2C19 genotypes were detected by DNA microarray microarray. The CYP2C19 genotypes and metabolic types in different genders, ages and diseases were analyzed.@*Results@# There were 197 males ( 64.17% ) and 110 females ( 35.83% ) , with the age of ( 58.00±16.13 ) years old. The gene frequency of CYP2C19*1, CYP2C19*2 and CYP2C19*3 was 62.70%, 32.25% and 5.05%, respectively. There were 119 cases (38.76%) of *1/*1 ( 636GG, 681GG ), 129 cases ( 42.02% ) of *1/*2 ( 636GG, 681GA ) , 18 cases (5.86%) of *1/*3 ( 636GA, 681GG ) , 29 cases ( 9.45% ) of *2/*2 ( 636GG, 681AA ) , 11 cases ( 3.58% ) of *2/*3 ( 636GA, 681GA ) , and 1 cases ( 0.33% ) of *3/*3 ( 636AA, 681GG ). In terms of metabolisms, there were 119 cases ( 38.76% ) of fast metabolism type, 147 cases (47.88%) of intermediate metabolism type and 41 cases (13.35%) of slow metabolism type. There were no significant differences in CYP2C19 genotypes and metabolic types among the patients with different gender, age and digestive system diseases ( P>0.05 ).@*Conclusion@#The CYP2C19 genotypes of patients with upper digestive system diseases were polymorphic, mainly the fast metabolism type and the intermediate metabolism type, which could provide reference for the clinical medication of individualized treatment of proton pump inhibitors.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 216-220, 2021.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862574

ABSTRACT

Congenital non-hemolytic jaundice is an important type of jaundice diseases, and except breast milk jaundice, the other types of this disease are relatively rare in clinical practice. Most of them belong to genetic and metabolic liver diseases, including Gilbert syndrome, Crigler-Najjar syndrome, and Lucey-Driscoll syndrome with an increase in unconjugated bilirubin and Dubin-Johnson syndrome and Rotor syndrome with an increase in conjugated bilirubin. With reference to the recent literature in China and foreign countries, this article reviews the pathogenesis, genetic characteristics, diagnosis, treatment, and differential diagnosis of six types of hereditary congenital unconjugated jaundice.

3.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2020 Sep; 16(5): 1125-1128
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213766

ABSTRACT

Objective: The objective was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous irreversible electroporation (IRE) in porcine kidneys. Materials and Methods: Under CT guidance, two monopole probes were used to precisely puncture through the renal parenchyma into the renal hilum in nine anesthetized adult Bama miniature pigs. After which, IRE ablation was performed. Biochemical and pathological examinations were carried out 2 h, 2, 7, and 14 days after the procedure. Results: All procedures were performed successfully without any serious complications such as bleeding, infection, or death. All pigs survived until the end of the study. Pathological examinations showed that cells in the ablation area were dead within 2 days after the procedure, whereas the vascular endothelium showed only slight damage. After 2 days, endothelialization ensued and regrowth of smooth muscle cells was observed after 14 days. Hemogram tests indicated a transient increase but gradually returned to baseline levels 14 days after the procedure. Conclusion: IRE was essentially safe, however further studies on tumor ablation using several different animal models are needed

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872786

ABSTRACT

Objective::To investigate the relationship between Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) mRNA and its downstream inflammatory factor-tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and hepatocyte apoptosis in mice with intestinal endotoxemia (IETM) of hepatic failure, and explore the regulatory mechanism of Wenyang Jiedu Huayu granule on endotoxin-induced hepatocyte apoptosis. Method::The 85 SPF male SD rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, TLR4 monoclonal antibody group and Wenyang Jiedu Huayu granule group. D-galactosamine (D-Gal) intraperitoneal injection was performed to establish the IETM model of hepatic failure. The TLR4 monoclonal antibody group and the Wenyang Jiedu Huayu granule group were given Wenyang Jiedu Huayu granule solution by gavage 5 days before the modeling. The normal group and the model group were given isovolumetric distilled water. Each group was given by gavage until sacrifice. Rats in each group were randomly sacrificed at 24, 48, 72 h, respectively, and samples were collected. The levels of serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) were detected at 24, 48, 72 h. The pathological changes of liver tissue were observed by hematoxylin and eosin(HE) staining. The expression of TLR4 in liver tissue was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (Real-time PCR). The expression of TNF-α in liver tissue was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The apoptotic rate of hepatocytes was detected by flow cytometry. Result::Compared with the normal group, ALT and AST were increased in model group, while the pathological injury degree of liver tissue was significantly increased. The expressions of TLR4 mRNA and TNF-α were increased (P<0.05, P<0.01), whereas the apoptosis rate of liver cells was significantly increased (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the model group, ALT and AST were decreased in Wenyang Jiedu Huayu granule group (P<0.01), and the degree of pathological injury of liver tissue was significantly reduced (P<0.05). The expressions of TLR4 mRNA and TNF-α were significantly decreased (P<0.01), and the apoptosis rate of liver cells was also reduced (P<0.01). Conclusion::TLR4 mRNA and TNF-α are positively correlated with hepatocyte apoptosis in liver failure. Wenyang Jiedu Huayu granule can improve liver function, alleviate liver cell injury and reduce liver cell apoptosis in IETM mice with hepatic failure. The mechanism may be related to its ability to down-regulate the expression of liver TLR4 mRNA, inhibit the release of TNF-α, and reduce the rate of hepatocyte apoptosis.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872697

ABSTRACT

The prescription research and clinical application of Wenjingtang were summarized in order to provide reference for the formulation of material standard and the development of compound preparation. By systematically sorting out the relevant ancient medical books and modern literature reports, combined with the relevant policy requirements of the development of compound preparations of famous classical formulas, this paper expounded the existing problems and put forward some suggestions. Wenjingtang is composed of nine herbs, which is derived from Complete Effective Prescriptions for Women's Diseases written by CHEN Zi-ming in Song dynasty. The original medicinal plants and medicinal parts of the formula were basically the same as those recorded in the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia, for example, Paeonia lactiflora was the choice of Paeoniae Radix Alba, Cinnamomi Cortex was selected as Guixin, the rhizoma of Curcuma phaeocaulis was selected as Curcumae Rhizoma. It was suggested that raw products should be selected for decoction pieces and processed according to the methods recorded in the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia. According to the dosage of 1 Liang=40 g, the dosages of Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Paeoniae Radix Alba, Cinnamomi Cortex, Moutan Cortex and Curcumae Rhizoma were 20 g, the dosages of Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix were 40 g, the total amount of this formula was 240 g. The 9 kinds of decoction pieces were crushed (particle size<6 mm) separately and mixed, each dose was 20 g, 525 mL of water was added, and then decocted to 280 mL. After filtration, warm medicine was taken for once a day. According to ancient books, Wenjingtang has the functions of activating blood circulation, regulating menstruation,warming meridians and dispersing cold. It is mainly used to treat dysmenorrhea, irregular menstruation and other diseases in modern clinical practice. In addition, it has certain curative effect on endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, acne, eczema and other skin diseases. Through the research, the historical evolution and clinical application of Wenjingtang are fully clarified, which can provide research for the later development and application of this famous classical formula.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824956

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the mechanism of An-pressing manipulation in improving post-stroke muscle spasticity, by observing the changes of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glycine (Gly) in plasma and gray matter of L1-L3 spinal cord anterior horn in post-stroke rats with muscle spasticity after An-pressing manipulation intervention. Methods: Ten of 80 adult male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly selected as the blank group, and the remaining 70 were used for modeling. The middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) rat model was established by insertion suture occlusion method in the left external carotid artery. Thirty rats with a Longa neurological score of 2-3 points and a modified Ashworth spasticity scale score of 1-, 1+, or 2 were included in the experiment. Using the random number table method, the 30 successfully modeled rats were randomly divided into a model group, an An-pressing tendon group and an An-pressing muscle belly group. Two days after modeling, rats in the An-pressing tendon group and An-pressing muscle belly group received An-pressing manipulation on the tendon and belly of quadriceps femoris muscle respectively, with the pressure of (350±50) g and the frequency of 5 s/time, 15 min per session, once a day for 5 continuous days. After the 5th treatment, the tension of the rat quadriceps femoris muscle was evaluated using the modified Ashworth spasticity scale. The Gly levels in rat plasma and L1-L3 segments of spinal cord were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The GABA levels in rat plasma and L1-L3 segments of spinal cord were measured by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Results: The decrease in rat muscle tension scored by the modified Ashworth spasticity scale in the An-pressing tendon group was more significant than that in the An-pressing muscle belly group (P<0.01); the increases in Gly and GABA levels in the rat plasma and L1-L3 segments of spinal cord were more significant in the An-pressing tendon group than those in the An-pressing muscle belly group (all P<0.01). Conclusion: Based on the theory of 'anti-stretch reflex' of tendon organs, the use of An-pressing manipulation to induce the 'anti-stretch reflex' by stimulating the tendon organs can improve the muscle spasticity of rats, which is better than An-pressing the muscle belly. Increased levels of Gly and GABA in rat plasma and L1-L3 segments of spinalcord may be one mechanism of An-pressing manipulation to improve muscle spasticity by stimulating tendon organs.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777465

ABSTRACT

Modern pharmacological studies have shown that Shengmai San has the effects of enhancing immunity and improving blood circulation, and Curcumae Longae Rhizoma(Jianghuang) has anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-oxidation and other functions. Shengmai San combined with Jianghuang is a new research direction in the study of anti-tumor of traditional Chinese medicines. The main treatment for nasopharyngeal carcinoma is radiation therapy, but radiation therapy can cause a variety of side effects, and it also changes the composition of the intestinal flora. In this study, the 16 s rDNA sequencing platform was used to perform macro-sequence sequencing of the intestinal flora samples of nude mice bearing the veins of Shengmai Jianghuang San, and then the results of intestinal flora data were analyzed to investigate the effect of Shengmai Jianghuang San on tumors. The results showed that Shengmai Jianghuang San combined with irradiation could enhance the therapeutic effect of tumor treatment. Radiation therapy would reduce the total number and diversity of intestinal flora in nude mice, and also change the structure of the flora. Shengmai Jianghuang San could protect the diversity of colonies, and also partially restore the colony imbalance caused by irradiation. This study provides a research idea for Shengmai Jianghuang San as a sensitizing adjuvant for radiotherapy of nasopharyngeal carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Mice , Mice, Nude , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma , Radiotherapy , Radiation Tolerance , Radiation-Sensitizing Agents , Pharmacology
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 551-561, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774800

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Classification of the pulmonary neuroendocrine tumor (pNET) categories is a step-wise process identified by the presence of necrosis and number of mitoses per 2 mm. In neuroendocrine tumor pathology, Ki-67 was first described as a prognostic factor in the pancreas and incorporated into the grading system of digestive tract neuroendocrine neoplasms in the 2010 WHO classification. However, the significance of Ki-67 in pNETs was still a controversial issue. This study was to investigate the potentially diagnostic value of Ki-67 in pNETs.@*METHODS@#We retrieved 159 surgical specimens of pNETs, including 35 typical carcinoids (TCs), 2 atypical carcinoid (ACs), 28 large-cell neuroendocrine carcinomas (LCNECs), 94 small-cell lung cancers (SCLCs). Manual conventional method (MCM) and computer-assisted image analysis method (CIAM) were used to calculate the Ki-67 proliferative index. In CIAM, 6 equivalent fields (500 × 500 μm) at 10× magnification were manually annotated for digital image analysis.@*RESULTS@#The Ki-67 index among the 4 groups with ranges of 0.38% to 12.66% for TC, 4.34% to 29.48% for AC, 30.67% to 93.74% for LCNEC, and 40.71% to 96.87% for SCLC. The cutoff value of Ki-67 index to distinguish low grade with high grade was 30.07%. For the univariate survival analyses in pNETs, both the overall survival and progression-free survival correlated with Ki-67 index. In addition, the Ki-67 index performed by CIAM was proved to be of great positive correlation with MCM.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Ki-67 index counted by CIAM is a reliable method and can be a useful adjunct to classify the low- and high-grade NETs.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine , Metabolism , Pathology , Female , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Ki-67 Antigen , Metabolism , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Neuroendocrine Tumors , Metabolism , Pathology , Prognosis , World Health Organization
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774515

ABSTRACT

This paper deals with the application of ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS/MS) method to rapidly determine and analyze the chemical constituents of methanol extract of Urtica hyperborea. We employed UPLC YMC-Triart C18(2. 1 mm×100 mm,1. 9 μm) column to UPLC analysis with acetonitrile-water(containing 0. 4% formic acid) in gradient as mobile phase. The flow rate was 0. 3 m L·min-1 gradient elution and column temperature was 30℃; the injection volume was 4 μL. ESI ion source was used to ensure the data collected in anegative ion mode. The chemical components of U. hyperborea were identified through retention time,exact relative molecular mass,cleavage fragments of MS/MS and reported data.The results indicated that a total of 31 compounds were identified,including 8 flavonoids,14 phenolic compounds,8 phenylpropanoids(4 coumarins and 4 lignans),and 1 steroidal compound,13 of which were confirmed by comparison. The UPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS/MS method could rapid identify the chemical components of U. hyperborea. The above compounds were discovered in U. hyperborea for the first time,which could provide theoretical foundation for further research on the basis of the pharmacodynamics of U. hyperborea.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Flavonoids , Lignans , Phenols , Phytochemicals , Plant Extracts , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Urticaceae , Chemistry
10.
Clinics ; 74: e890, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001829

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to explore the effects of diet on the inflammatory response in middle-aged and elderly people with hypertension. METHODS: Thirty overweight or obese patients with stage one hypertension (age range, 45-75 years) were allocated to either the intervention or control group (n=15 per group; age- and sex-matched). Patients in the intervention group consumed a food powder supplement (100 g) instead of a regular meal. The control group maintained their normal dietary habits. This study lasted for six weeks. Blood pressure, inflammatory marker levels, and energy intake were measured before and after the study. RESULTS: After 6 weeks, the diet composition of the intervention group changed significantly (p<0.05). The intake of proteins, dietary fibre, monounsaturated fat, and polyunsaturated fat increased significantly (p<0.05), while the total energy intake trended towards an increase (p>0.05). In the control group, the total energy intake decreased significantly (p<0.05). The levels of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) decreased, and adiponectin increased significantly in the intervention group (p<0.05); however, no significant changes were observed in the inflammatory marker levels of the control group. In the intervention group, systolic blood pressure decreased significantly (p<0.05), and diastolic blood pressure also exhibited a decreasing trend. No significant change in blood pressure was observed in the control group. CONCLUSION: The consumption of a food powder supplement can improve diet composition, decrease blood pressure and reduce inflammation in middle-aged and elderly overweight or obese hypertensive patients. The food powder supplement may also have an anti-atherosclerotic effect in hypertensive patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Blood Pressure/drug effects , Dietary Supplements/analysis , Overweight/blood , Hypertension/blood , Inflammation/blood , Powders/therapeutic use , Rural Population , Energy Intake , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Biomarkers/blood , China , Nutrition Surveys/statistics & numerical data , NF-kappa B/blood , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/blood , Adiponectin/blood
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816418

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the surgical treatment of anorectal malignant melanoma(ARMM) and the prognostic factors that affect patients' overall survival(OS).METHODS:Theclinical and pathological data of 91 patients diagnosed as ARMM, who underwent surgery in the Gastrointestinal Cancer Center of Peking University Cancer Hospital from January 2003 to January 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The effects of different clinicopathological factors on OS of the patients, and difference surgery, abdominal-perineal resection(APR) and wide local excision(WLE) on patients' survival were compared.RESULTS:Of the 91 patients with ARMM, 35(38.5%) were male, 56(61.5%) were female, and the ratio of male to female was 1:1.6. 12 patients(13.2%) underwent wide local excision and 79 patients underwent abdominal-perineal resection(86.8%); there were 19 cases(20.9%) diagnosed with distant metastasis and 72 cases(79.1%)without distant metastasis. The of 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates of ARMM patients in this cohort were 74%, 23% and9%; and the median survival of the patients was 18.7 months. The univariate analysis of the clinicopathological features of the patients demonstrated that the preoperative distant metastases, tumor diameters(>2 cm), tumor invasion depth(>2 mm) and lymph node metastasis were the prognostic factors of OS; multivariate analysis showed that preoperative distant metastasis and lymph node metastasis were independent factors affecting OS.The median survival of the patients admitted APR and WLE were both 21 months. There was no significant difference in survival between the WLE and APR group(P=0.94).CONCLUSION:Preoperative distant metastasis and lymph node metastasis are independent prognostic factors for overall survival of ARMM patients.Comparing with WLE, APR could not bring survival benefits.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756709

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the optimal thermal effect parameter combination of An-pressing manipulation based on the pressing force, time and frequency, and to compare the thermal effect differences between the rhythmic and the continuous An-pressing manipulations. Methods:Three levels of light, moderate and heavy pressing forces were determined according to the An-pressing forces of the clinical tuina physicians; the pressing time and frequency parameters were determined according to the literatures about An-pressing manipulation. The volunteers were stimulated by the homemade An-pressing manipulation stimulator on the right Xinshu (BL 15), and then the three-factor and three-level orthogonal tests were carried out according to the test sequence specified by the L9(34) orthogonal table, and the temperature before and after pressing was recorded by an infrared thermal imaging system to screen the best parameters for the thermal effect of the An-pressing manipulation, thus to determine the optimal pressing parameters. The optimal parameters were then used for both continuous and rhythmic An-pressing manipulations to stimulate the bilateral Xinshu (BL 15). The temperature changes after pressing and the duration of the thermal effect (temperature difference ≤0.5℃ on both sides) were recorded by the infrared thermal imaging system, to explore the differences in the thermal effects of different An-pressing manipulations. Results:Among the three factors of pressing force, time and frequency, the influences of different pressing forces on temperature were significantly different (F=32.843,P=0.030), and the influence of 2.5 kg pressing force was the most significant; the effects of different pressing time on temperature were significantly different (F=54.102,P=0.018), and the pressing time of 7.5 min was the most significant; the influences of different pressing frequencies on temperature were not statistically significant (F=2.181,P=0.314), though the influence of 10 times/min pressing frequency was the largest. The influences on temperature difference of the rhythmic and the continuous An-pressing manipulations were significantly different (P=0.031 on the left side andP=0.045 on the right side), but there was no statistical difference in the duration of the thermal effect (P=0.690). Conclusion:The An-pressing manipulation parameters that significantly affect the temperature difference are pressing force and time. The optimal combination of thermal effect parameters is pressing force of 2.5 kg, time of 7.5 min, and frequency of 10 times/min. The local thermal effect of the rhythmic An-pressing manipulation is significantly greater than of the continuous An-pressing manipulation.

13.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 582-585, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755809

ABSTRACT

Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) is the causative agent of bacterial sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) worldwide.The incidence of Ct infection has exceeded that of Neisseria gonorrhoeae,and becomes the highest in STDs in many countries.Ct infection can lead to urethritis,epididymitis,prostatitis and infertility in males,and cervicitis,endometritis,pelvic inflammatory disease,infertility in females,and neonatal conjunctivitis.Additionally,urogenital Ct infection is always ignored due to its concealed symptoms,leading to a long clinical course,recurrence or repeated infections.Furthermore,Ct infection can increase the risk of human immunodeficiency virus and human papilloma virus infections.Therefore,how to prevent and control the transmission of Ct has become one of the global public health issues.Currently,a growing body of researches have focused on the molecular epidemiological characteristics of Ct,which are aiming to identify the mutant strains,elaborate transmission dynamics,investigate the distribution of Ct serotypes in different populations,so as to provide molecular epidemiological evidence for the prevention and control of Ct infection.This review summarizes the epidemic status and research methods for molecular epidemiological characteristics of Ct,as well as application of Ct serotyping in clinical practice,providing references for the prevention,control and research of Ct infection.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712976

ABSTRACT

[Objective] To determine the efficacy and safety of local injections of botulinum toxin A in the treatment of androgenetic alopecia.[Methods] 72 male patients were randomly into botulinum toxin An group (n=35) and the control group (n=37),the treatment time was 6 months.All the patients were photographed and evaluated,before the treatment,and 3 months and 6 months.[Results] After the treatment of half a year,a good result was observed,the hair density in the treatment group was higher after 3months and 6 months than before the treatment (P<0.05),but there was no difference between the after 3months and 6 months (P>0.05),the hair density in the control group was higher after 6 months than before the treatment and after 3 months (P<0.05),but there was no difference between the after 3 months and before the treatment (P>0.05);but there was no difference between the after 3 months and 6 months (P>0.05);After 6 months,the effective ratio and in two group were 91.4% and 86.5% in treated group,it showed no significant difference (P>0.05) [Conclusion] the treatment of local injections of botulinum toxin A has a marked effect on androgenetic alopecia,it is safe and effective.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712959

ABSTRACT

[Objective] To evaluate the efficacy of sound therapy and provide a kind of treatment for tinnitus patients with normal audiogram.[Methods] From the database of the Audiometric Center of the First Affiliated Hospital,Sun Yat-sen University,we identified 46 outpatients with normal hearing thresholds in the conventional pure-tone audiometry suffering subjective tinnitus over 3 months.The clinical information were collected with respect of age,gender,tinnitus severity,pitch,laterality and duration,comorbid symptoms.All the patients received the tinnitus test,including loudness and frequency of the tinnitus and residual inhibition,Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) scores pre-and post-complex sound therapy.The complex sound were remixed with natural sounds and music materials,while the masking frequency of natural sounds is consistent with the tinnitus frequency of patients and the main frequency of music materials covers the tinnitus frequency.[Results] 32 of the 46 patients showed residual inhibition (RI) positive.The average THI score before treatment was 33.38±16.23 and the VAS score was 4.38±1.62.The THI score decreased to 21.75±11.67 and the VAS score was 2.97±1.06 after sound therapy.The rest 14 patients were residual inhibition (RI) negative.The THI score were 29.86±20.15 and 23.43±16.29 pre-and post-complex sound therapy,while the VAS score were 3.93±1.69 and 3.36±1.2.The THI and VAS scores were significantly decreased after the treatment in both RI positive and negative patients.The RI positive group showed better results than RI negative group.[Conclusions] Both RI positive and negative tinnitus with normal audiometry shown adaptation with complex sound therapy,RI positive patients acquired more benefits from tailor-made complex sound therapy.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712928

ABSTRACT

[Objective]To determine the efficacy and safety of 1064nm Q-switched laser combined with drug therapy in the treatment of mild to moderate rosacea.[Methods]73 patients with mild to moderate rosacea were divided into two groups randomly.The treatment group including 37 patients were treated with Q-switched laser combined with drug thera-py,the control group including 36 patients were treated with drug therapy only.Efficacies and safety were evaluated 6 and 9 weeks after the treatments.[Results]A mean reduction in lesion count was observed,statistically significance differenc-es in effectiveness were found among each group(P<0.05),the effective ratio was 83.8% in treated group,of which was 61.1% in control group,it showed significant difference between these two groups(P<0.05). There was no side effect.[Conclusion]1 064 nm Q-switched laser combined with drug therapy has a marked effect on mild to moderate rosacea,it is safe and effective,better than simple drug treatment.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712691

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the influence of pressing force and time on the thermal effect of An-pressing manipulation.Methods:Eight healthy volunteers were recruited to receive An-pressing manipulation at Xinshu (BL 15) on the right side.The pressing force and time were both divided into five levels:the force described as extremely mild,mild,moderate,strong and extremely strong and time given by 2.5 min,5.0 min,7.5 min,10.0 min and 15.0 min.The real-time change in local acupoint temperature as well as the change during 1.0-15.0 min after the manipulation were observed.Results:Compared with the baseline data,the real-time changes in the temperature after An-pressing Xinshu (BL 15) on the right side with different levels of force (from mild to strong) were respectively (1.88t0.64) ℃,(2.05±0.68) ℃,(2.25±0.59) ℃,(2.35±0.61) ℃ and (2.32±0.69) ℃;the changes in 15.0 min after the manipulation were respectively (-0.11±0.11) ℃,(0.03±0.14) ℃,(0.59±0.58) ℃,(1.38±0.70) ℃ and (2.09±0.98) ℃.The real-time temperature changes after the manipulation for different durations (from short to long) were respectively (1.94±0.37) ℃,(2.33±0.29) ℃,(2.49±0.31) ℃,(2.51±0.39) ℃ and (2.41±0.55) ℃;the changes in 15.0 min after the manipulation were respectively (0.53±0.49) ℃,(0.33±0.30) ℃,(0.52±0.33) ℃,(0.55±0.38) ℃ and (0.76±0.36) ℃.Conclusion:The thermal effect presented an increasing tendency with the extension of pressing time,and the temperature reached the top at 7.5 min;the thermal effect showed an increasing tendency with the rise of pressing force,and the temperature reached the top upon a moderate level of force.The pressing time can produce a greater influence on the real-time temperature than the pressing force;the pressing force can produce a greater influence on maintaining the temperature than the pressing time.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712658

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical effects of tuina plus Western medication for functional dyspepsia (FD) due to liver qi stagnation and spleen deficiency.Methods:A total of 72 patients in conformity with the inclusion criteria of FD were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group based upon the random number table,36 cases in each group.The control group was treated with mosapride citrate dispersible tablets,and the observation group was treated with the same tablets plus tuina.Before the treatment and 4 weeks after the treatment,the clinical symptoms,quality of life (QOL) and depression severity were observed by the scale,and were followed up two months later after the treatment for assessment of the clinical effects.Results:After the treatment and at the follow-up,the symptom scores of FD and the sores of Hamilton depression rating scale (HAMD) in both groups decreased,and the scores in Chinese version of quality of life questionnaire for functional digestive disorders (Chin-FDDQL) increased,with statistically significant differences in comparison with the same group before the treatment (all P<0.05).In comparison between the two groups at the same time point after the treatment,the scores of FD symptoms,HAMD and Chin-FDDQL were improved better in the observation group than those in the control group,with statistically significant differences (all P<0.05).The total effective rates at the follow-up were 91.7% in the observation group and 75.0% in the control group,without statistical difference between the two groups (P>0.05).The rate of clinical cure and remarkable effect was 66.7% in the observation group,higher than 41.7% in the control group,it is higher in the observation group than that in the control group,with a statistically significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05).Conclusion:Tuina plus Western medication is precise in the therapeutic effects for FD due to liver qi stagnation and spleen deficiency and can effectively relieve clinical symptoms,elevate the QOL and alleviate depression severity of the patients.Moreover,it's better than the treatment by Western medication alone in the long-term therapeutic effects.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712655

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of An-pressing manipulation on biceps brachii with delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) in healthy male volunteers.Methods:A total of 30 male college student volunteers were randomly divided into a blank group,a model group and a treatment group,10 cases in each group.Subjects in the blank group did not receive any intervention;subjects in the model group received active weight-bearing eccentric exercise on the non-favored side of the upper limb to establish the models,while not receiving any treatment;subjects in the treatment group received both the same modeling and An-pressing manipulation treatment.The subjective rating of perceived exertion (RPE),subjective soreness sensation threshold and soreness grade were evaluated before modeling,immediately after modeling,and 24,48,72,96 and 120 h after modeling.Serum total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) was measured before modeling,immediately after modeling,and 24,48 and 72 h after modeling.Serum creatine kinase MM isoenzyme (CK-MM) was measured before modeling and 24,48 and 72 h after modeling.Results:At 24,48,72 and 120 h after treatment,the soreness grades of the treatment group were lower than those of the model group (all P<0.05).The RPE scores of the treatment group were lower than those of the model group (all P<0.05) immediately after modeling,at 24,48,72,96 and 120 h after modeling.The subjective soreness sensation threshold of the treatment group was higher than that of the model group immediately after modeling,at 24,48,72 and 96 h after modeling (all P<0.05).Immediately after modeling,T-AOC value in the treatment group was higher than that in the model group and blank group (both P<0.05).CK-MM of the treatment group was lower than that of the model group at 48 h and 72 h after modeling (P<0.05).Conclusion:An-pressing manipulation shows a certain therapeutic effect on biceps brachii with DOMS by strengthening the body's antioxidant and anti-damage abilities,which can effectively reduce the pain and accelerate the recovery from fatigue damage.

20.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1353-1355, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695448

ABSTRACT

·AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of visian implantable collamer lens with central hole (ICL V4c) implantation for the correction of high myopia using the double- pass visual quality analysis system. ·METHODS: Totally 60 eyes of 30 high myopia patients who underwent ICL V4c implantation were enrolled into this prospective randomized control study. Myopic degree of selected patients was -6. 0D to -12. 0D, age 18 to 35 years old, best corrected visual acuity ( BCVA ) ≥0. 6, preoperative corneal astigmatism acuities ≤1. 0D. All patients were taken the temporal side transparent corneal incision. The patients were evaluated postoperatively 1wk, 1 and 3mo respectively. The evaluating items included preoperative BCVA, postoperative uncorrected visual acuity ( UCVA), objective scattering index ( OSI), and modulation transfer function ( MTF ) cut off frequency, Strehl ratio (SR), and 100%, 20%, 9% Optical Quality Analysis System ( OQAS ) Value ( OV, contrast visual acuity ). All statistical analyses were performed with SPSS19. 0 statistical software. Variance analysis of repeated measurement data was employed. ·RESULTS: The UCVA gradually improved at 1wk, 1 and 3mo after surgery. There was statistical significance compared with the preoperative BCVA ( P < 0. 01 ). The postoperative OSI, MTF cut off, SR, OV 100%, OV 20% and OV 9% at 1wk, 1 and 3mo showed statistically differences compared with the preoperative values (P<0. 05). ·CONCLUSION: ICL V4c implantation can effectively correct high myopia range from -6. 0D to -12. 0D. The postoperative OSI were smaller than the preoperative OSI. The postoperative UCVA were better than the preoperative BCVA. The value of postoperative MTF cut off, SR, and OV value of 100% , 20% and 9% improved.

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