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1.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1647-1652, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737597

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of both folic acid,p16 protein expression and their interaction on progression of cervical cancerization.Methods Participants were pathologically diagnosed new cases,including 80 women with normal cervical (NC),55 patients with low-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN Ⅰ),55 patients with high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN Ⅱ/Ⅲ) and 64 patients with cervical squamous cell carcinoma (SCC).Serum folate levels were detected by microbiological assay method while p16 protein expression levels were measured by Western-blot.In vitro,cervical cancer cell lines C33A (HPV negative) and Caski (HPV16 positive) were treated with different concentrations of folate.Proliferation and apoptosis of cells and the levels of p16 protein expression were measured in groups with different folic acid concentrations.Results Results showed that the levels of serum folate were (5.96± 3.93) ng/ml,(5.08±3.43) ng/ml,(3.92 ± 2.59) ng/ml and (3.18 ± 2.71) ng/ml,and the levels ofpl6 protein were 0.80 ± 0.32,1.33 ± 0.52,1.91 ± 0.77,and 2.09 ± 0.72 in the group of NC,CIN Ⅰ,CIN Ⅱ/Ⅲ and SCC,respectively.However,the levels of serum folate decreased (trend X2 =32.71,P< 0.001) and p 16 protein expression increased (trend x2=56.06,P<0.001) gradually along with the severity of cervix lesions.An additive interaction was seen between serum folate deficiency and high expression of p l 6 protein in the CIN Ⅰ,CIN n/Ⅲ and SCC group.Results in vitro showed that,with the increase of folate concentration,the inhibition rate of cell proliferation (C33A:r=0.928,P=0.003;Caski:r=0.962,P=0.001) and the rate on cell apoptosis (C33A:r=0.984,P<0.001;Caski:r=0.986,P<0.001) all increased but the levels of p16 protein expression (C33A:r=-0.817,P=0.025;Caski:r=-0.871,P=0.011) reduced.The proliferation inhibition rate (C33A:r=-0.935,P=0.002;Caski:r=-0.963,P=0.001) and apoptosis rate of cells (C33A:r=-0.844,P=0.017;Caski:r=-0.898,P=0.006) were negatively correlated with the levels of p16 protein expression.Conclusions Our findings indicated that both serum folate deficiency and high expression of p16 protein could increase the risk of cervical cancer and cervix precancerous lesion,and there was an additive interaction between them.Our findings suggested that folic acid supplementation could reverse the abnormal expression of p16 protein,and effectively promote apoptosis and inhibit proliferation in cervical carcinoma cells.

2.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1647-1652, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736129

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of both folic acid,p16 protein expression and their interaction on progression of cervical cancerization.Methods Participants were pathologically diagnosed new cases,including 80 women with normal cervical (NC),55 patients with low-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN Ⅰ),55 patients with high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN Ⅱ/Ⅲ) and 64 patients with cervical squamous cell carcinoma (SCC).Serum folate levels were detected by microbiological assay method while p16 protein expression levels were measured by Western-blot.In vitro,cervical cancer cell lines C33A (HPV negative) and Caski (HPV16 positive) were treated with different concentrations of folate.Proliferation and apoptosis of cells and the levels of p16 protein expression were measured in groups with different folic acid concentrations.Results Results showed that the levels of serum folate were (5.96± 3.93) ng/ml,(5.08±3.43) ng/ml,(3.92 ± 2.59) ng/ml and (3.18 ± 2.71) ng/ml,and the levels ofpl6 protein were 0.80 ± 0.32,1.33 ± 0.52,1.91 ± 0.77,and 2.09 ± 0.72 in the group of NC,CIN Ⅰ,CIN Ⅱ/Ⅲ and SCC,respectively.However,the levels of serum folate decreased (trend X2 =32.71,P< 0.001) and p 16 protein expression increased (trend x2=56.06,P<0.001) gradually along with the severity of cervix lesions.An additive interaction was seen between serum folate deficiency and high expression of p l 6 protein in the CIN Ⅰ,CIN n/Ⅲ and SCC group.Results in vitro showed that,with the increase of folate concentration,the inhibition rate of cell proliferation (C33A:r=0.928,P=0.003;Caski:r=0.962,P=0.001) and the rate on cell apoptosis (C33A:r=0.984,P<0.001;Caski:r=0.986,P<0.001) all increased but the levels of p16 protein expression (C33A:r=-0.817,P=0.025;Caski:r=-0.871,P=0.011) reduced.The proliferation inhibition rate (C33A:r=-0.935,P=0.002;Caski:r=-0.963,P=0.001) and apoptosis rate of cells (C33A:r=-0.844,P=0.017;Caski:r=-0.898,P=0.006) were negatively correlated with the levels of p16 protein expression.Conclusions Our findings indicated that both serum folate deficiency and high expression of p16 protein could increase the risk of cervical cancer and cervix precancerous lesion,and there was an additive interaction between them.Our findings suggested that folic acid supplementation could reverse the abnormal expression of p16 protein,and effectively promote apoptosis and inhibit proliferation in cervical carcinoma cells.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 912-916, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419151

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo compare the diagnostic value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI),computed tomography (CT) and radiography in the early detection of arthropathies of haemophilia.Methods Prospective studies of 21 joints in 11 patients were studied with X-ray,CT and MR examination. The 21 joints with haemophilia arthropathies were divided into three groups according to Pettersson scoring system.0 point were the first group,<4 points were the second group,≥4 points were the third group.Abnormal imaging findings of osteoporosis,enlarge epiphysis,erosion of cartilage,irregular subchondral surface,narrowing of joints space,joint deformity,subchondral cyst formation,effusion/haemarthrosis of joint,synovial hypertrophy with haemosiderin,deformity of joints were used for all imaging comparison.The results were analysis with Chi-square test.To compare the first group,irregular subchondral surface and the number of subchondral cyst formation of all symptomatic joints were detected by CT and MR,the results were analysis with pair-sample t test.ResultsModerate and severe hemophilic joints were found in 80.95% (17/21)of twenty-one symptomatic joints,and mild hemophilic joints were found in 19.05% (4/21).The detected results were the same in enlarge epiphysis,narrowing of joints space,joint deformity in all joints by radiography,CT and MR.Significant difference in detection of irregular subchondral surface,subchondral cyst formation,effusion/haemarthrosis of joint,were found between radiography with either CT (x2 value 19.06,16.70,4.84,P <0.05 ) or MRI (x2 value 19.06,16.70,7.76,P <0.05),Significant difference in detection of the first group joint irregular subchondral surface and the subchondral cyst formation total number were found between CT and MR ( x2 =3.29,P < 0.05 ). Conclusions MR and CT were superior in detection of the early abnormal changes in evaluating hemophilic arthropathies,however CT could detect more smaller irregular subchondral surface and subchondral cyst formation than MR.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-528440

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the imaging findings of pulmonary lymphangitic carcinomatosis (PLC) and discuss it′s clinical value. Methods The imaging materials of 40 cases with PLC which were proved by bronchoscopic or pleural or open-lung biopsy were retrospectively analyzed, and the clinical application of imaging diagnosis were investigated. Results The primary tumorous pathological types of PLC included:13 cases peripheral type carcinoma of lung,2 cases central type carcinoma of lung,11 cases mammary cancer,6 cases gastric carcinoma,4 cases pancreatic carcinoma,3 cases renal carcinoma,1 case colon carcinoma. The major imaging features of PLC were showed as pleural nodes, lobular core nodes, intralobular small reticular and nodular shadows, small beaded thickened interlobular septums, beaded thickened bronchovascular bundles, tumescent pulmonary hilar and/or mediastinal lymph nodes. Conclusion PLC possess relative imaging feature, particularly HRCT may accurately reflect pathological feature of PLC. Imaging diagnosis is a satisfactory method in diagnosing pulmonary lymphangial metastasis of malignant tumor.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-545074

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the X-ray signs of pulmonary lymphangitis carcinomatosa (PLC).Methods X-ray and HRCT signs of PLC proved by bronchoscopic or pleural or open-lung biopsy in 37 cases were retrospectively analyzed in order to find out some X-ray signs that suggested the PLC.Results The major X-ray features of PLC included:(1)Multiple thickened bronchovascular bundles in the bilateral lung in 37 cases;(2)Irregular thickened kerley A distributed over the bilateral lung in 28 cases;(3)The reticular and inosculating shadows(kerley C) extensively distributed over the bilateral lung in 19 cases;(4)The multiple irregular thickened kerley B distributed over the bilateral lung in 15 cases ;(5)Pulmonary hilar lymph adenopathy in 18 cases ;(6)Pleurae irregularly thickened in 16 cases;(7)Hydrothoraxes in 9 cases.Conclusion HRCT is the most satisfactory method in diagnosing PLC,but the super-quality thoracic plane film can supply some useful signs of PLC.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-544472

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the value of clinical application of CT pulmonary angiography(CTPA) in diagnosing pulmonary damage of Behcet’s syndrome.Methods 17 patients with Behcet’s syndrome underwent MSCT(Light Speed Plus, GE)with conventional CT scan and CTPA. The two kinds of imaging materials were comparatively studied by chi-square test , and diagnosed by comprehensive imaging appearances. Results The major feature of conventional CT included:bilateral or unilateral pulmonary density were nonhomogeneous in all cases,solitary or multiple pulmonary aneurysmal ecctasia in 9 cases,pulmonary artery growed in 12 cases,irregular and constrictive vascular wall in 6 cases and segmental infiltration in 5 cases.The features of CTPA included:irregular and constrictive pulmonary vascular wall in 15 cases,pulmonary aneurysms in 15 cases,pulmonary artery expansion in 16 cases,pulmonary artery thrombosis in 8 cases.There were statistical differences between conventional CT and CTPA in pulmonary aneurysm and arterial wall changes(?_1~2=5.10,P_10.05).Conclusion CTPA can diagnose pulmonary damage of Behcet’s syndrome in combination with clinic and conventional CT.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-544568

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyse imaging appearances of chest in AIDS and to supply the evidence for imaging diagnosis this lesions. Methods 46 cases of AIDS who had chest X-ray films and CT were collected and their imaging appearances were reviewed. Results 20 cases showed bilateral lung diffuse lesions which were network shadow with mottle, punctate, patchy, nodular and opacification. 10 cases showed unilateral lung field lesions,of them,cavity in the left upper lung was presented in one patient. 5 cases showed thickness or turbulence of texture in bilateral lungs. 11 cases were negative on chest film.Conclusion The characteristics of X-ray film or CT of lung can reflect the chest pathological changes in patient with AIDS.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-544307

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the role of esophageal dynamic double contrast radiography(DDCR) in diagnosing early esophageal carcinoma(EEC).Methods The patients with clinical suspected EEC underwent conventional double contrast radiography(CDCR) and DDCR using digital fluoroscopic imaging unit.The radiographic materials including CDCR and DDCR in 40 cases of EEC proved by endoscopy or pathologic histology were analyzed by a blind study,and the reliability of CDCR and DDCR was evaluated.Results The major findings of EEC included the mucosal irregularity and tortuous,small niches and filling defect,the soft and expansive extent of esophageal wall reduced or disappeared.In showing the esophageal function,DDCR was significantly superior to CDCR(?~2=4.50,?

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