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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460937


Objective To understand the prevalence and risk factors of Enterobius vermicularis among preschool children in kindergartens in Luohu District Shenzhen City. Methods A total of 489 children in 6 kindergartens were selected by the stratified sampling method and investigated for E. vermicularis infection by the cellophane anal swab technique. The information of sanitary condition of the kindergartens personal hygiene and family hygiene were investigated by questionnaire. Results The infection rate of E. vermicularis was 10.2% 50/489 . The single factor analysis indicated that the following factors might re?lated to the infection the different classes of kindergartens grades ground of bed room private toilet types of taps and beds bed management education levels of parents frequency of shower and washing anus and washing hands before meal and after WC. The multivariate Logistic analysis indicated that the bed management education level of mothers frequency of washing anus and private toilet were independent risk factors for E. vermicularis infection. Conclusion To control the infection of E. vermicularis the circumstance and management of kindergartens parents knowledge of E. vermicularis infection and chil?dren s healthy habit need improve.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-382996


Objective To compare and contrast the gene characteristic correspondence of hantaviruses(HV) carried by rats in natural epidemic areas of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome(HFRS) and infected among HFRS patients in Shenzhen,provide a reasonable scientific basis for controlling of HFRS.Methods We collected the patients serum specimens in acute stage and lung tissues samples of rats.ElISA and direct immunofluorescence were applied to screen the positive samples,respectively.The partial G2 fragments of M segment and S segment were amplified from the representative patients' serum positivesamples and lung tissues positive samples in different areas with reverse transcription-nested-polymerase chain reaction(RT-nested PCR) by the hantaviruses genotype specific primers.The amplified genes were then sequenced,and subjected to genotyping and homology analysis with other known hantaviruses.Results Four hundred and seventy-two rats were trapped in the main epidemic areas,and Hantavirus specific-antigens in lung tissues samples were identified in 47 out of the 472 by direct immunofluorescence.Twelve partial M and S segments were amplified from 60 patients serum specimens positive with specific IgM antibodies against hantavirus with ELISA by RT-nested PCR.The homology of M and S genome segments among 16 strains of Hantaviruses showed more than 95% and 96.5% at nucleotide level,respectively.And the deduced amino acid sequences homology was 98.0% -100% and 98.4%-100%,respectively.The genotype of hantavirus carried by rats and infected among patients were identified to the same subtype-SEO S2.Conclusion The genotype of Hantavirus carried by rats and infected among patients in Shenzhen all belongs to S2 SEOV.The nucleotide homology of SEO type of Hantavirus in the same or nearby areas is higher and the viruses are highly conserved.